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3 1833 01723 9366 




srical antr (jj?cnra.I.ogic;iI Register. 


yru3=32n3l:inTx historic Gfoualagicat Society. 





Printed by L^vio Clapp & Sox. 
1884. . 

% 637377 



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Committee on DuWiatioir, 

18 8 4. 





Co it or, 

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John Ward Dean*, A.M. (Editor), 
Lucius It. Paige, D.D., 
Edmund F, Slafter, A M., 

Jeremiah Colrirn, A.M. 
William B. Trask, 
Henry H, Edes, 





















1. Portrait of Col. JOSEPH L. CHESTER {to face page 1). 

2. Bonython Arms, page 50. 

3. The Bonython Flagon, page 59. 

4. The Wai'te Chart, page 56. 

Memoir of Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, D.C.L., LL.D. By John Ward Dean 

Edward Winslow. By G. I). Scull, Esq. . «. 

Thachkr's Record of Marriages at Milton. (Concluded.) Communicated 
Edicard D. Harris, Esq. 

Family of Gov. Theofhilus Eaton. By Prof. Franklin B. Dexter, A.M. 

Records' of Winchester, N. H. (Continued.) Com. by John L. Alexander, M 

Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. V. By the Rev. George M. Bodge 

Longmeadow Families. (Continued.) Com. by Willard S. Allen, A.M. 

The Bonython Family of Maine. By Charles E. Banks, M.D. 

Ten Generations in New England. By Henri/ E. Waite, Esq. 

Early Papers at Portsmouth, N. H. Com. by Frank W. Hacked, A.M. 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. By Henry F. Waters* A.B. 

The Dole Family. By the Rev. George T. Dole 

New England Gleanings. Nos. I. and II. ...... 

Notes and Queries: 

Notes. — What we are working for, 49; Portrait of Brig. Gen. James Read, 
81; Bellingham; Gleanings at the British Museum ; Thomas Purchase ; Lar- 
rabee,*S2; The Nicholas Gilman House, S3. 

Queries. — White ; Robinson; Spriggs and Sprang ; Wise; Cowlev ; Weeks, 
83; Ames; Hayward; Mitchell; Rev. Peter Bulkeley's Lett rs; Moor; Sher- 
wood and Bradford ; Allen; Wright and Stebbins, 84; Austin; Potter; Sears, 

Replies. — Early Records of Casco ; Longmeadow Families ; Wadsworth, 85 

Historical Intelligence. — Letters and Times of President Tyler and his Father, 
85; The Dartmouth; Town Histories iu Preparation; Genealogies in Prepara- 
tion, 86 

A M. i 




D. 31 



Societies and their Proceedings: 
New England Historic Genealogical Society 
Society, 88; Chicago Historical Society, b9 

S7; Pthbde Island Historical 

49, 81-87 

Necrology of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society: 
Hon. Ginery Twichcll, 89 ; Hon. John D. Baldwin, 90; George Craft; Hon. 
Charles B.Hall, 91 ; Hon. Moses T. Willard; John G. Tappan, 92; Eliab 
Kingman, Esq. ; Hon. Roger Avcriil, 93; Capt. Samuel R. Knox, U.S.N ; 
William L Dickinson, AM., 94; Wihiams Latham. Esq. ; Hon. George W. 
Warren, 95; Otis Drury, 96; Hon. Napoleon B. Mountt'ort ; Dr. George W. 

" Bagbv, C7; Francis J. Humphrey ; Edward Winslow, 98; Hon. Israel Wash- 
burn, 99; David P. Holton, M.D.; Rev. Charles C. Bearaan, 100; Prof. Ben- 
jamin O. Peirce; Dr. Josiah A. Stearns, 101 ; John R. Kimball, 102 

XVII. Book Notices 

XVIII. List of Recent Publications 
XIX. Deaths .... 


New England Historic Genealogical Society-. — The regular meetings of this institution 
are held at the Society's House. 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Massachusetts, on the first Wed- 
nesday of every month, except July and August, at three o'clock in the afternoon. 

The Library is open daily from 9 o'clock, A.M., to 5 o'clock, P.M., except Saturday, 
"when it is closed at 2 o'clock, P.M. 

Site sjw-ffingtoml ruotovical ami (Genealogical gegteter, 

Designeu to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at §8 a year in advance, or 15 cts. 
a number. Bach number contains not less than 9;J octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address, 
John Wahd Dean, Editor, IS Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

O* Entered at the Post-Office at Bostou, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 


John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colbern, A.M. 
Lucius R. Paige, D.D., William B. Trask, 

Edmund F. Slaftek, A.M., Henry H. Edes. 



*** Illustrations: 

1. Portrait of EDWIN H. CHAPJN {to face page 121). 

2. Autograph of Ezekiel Cheever, page 172. 

3. " Thomas Cheever, page 174. 

4. " Thomas Cheever, page 177. 

5. " Abner Cheever, p:ige 182. 

6. " Abijih Cheever, page 187. 

I. Memoir of the Rev. Edwin H. Chapin, D.D., LL D. By the Rev Anson Titus 121 
II. Facilities for Genealogical Research in the Registries of Probate in 

Boston and London. By John T. Hassam, A. M 131 

III. Eighteenth Annual Address before the Historic Genealogical Society. 
By the President, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D 133 

IV. Memoir of Edmcnd Quincy, 1681-173S. By the late Eliza Susan Quincy . 145 
V. Longmeadow Families. (Continued.) Com. by Willard S. Alien, A.M. . 1-57 

VI. The Family of Baldwin of Aston Clinton, Becks. Bv the late Joseph L. 

Chester, LL.D., D.C.L ' 160 

VII. Ezekiel Cheever and Some of his Descendants. Part II. By John T. 

Hassam, A.M. ....... 170 

VIII. Genealogical Gleanings in England. ( Continued.) 'Bv Henry F. Waters, A.B. 193 

IX. The Massachusetts Quo Warranto of 163-5. By G. D. Scull, Esq. . . 209 

X. Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. VI. By the Rev. George M. Bodge . .217 

XI. Records or Winchester, N.H. (Continued.) Com. by J. L. Alexander, M.D. 225 
XII. Notes and Queries : 

Notes.— The Antiquary's Motives, 21G ; Old Bells, 227. 

Queries. — Genealogical Queries; DeertieM Queries; Quaker and Universal- 
ist Preacher; Whitmore, 228; Bacon; Loring; Autograph of John Wash- 
ington; Leverett; Silver, 229; Virginia Queries; Goodwin; Flint, 230; Stew- 
art; Rich ; Thomas Clark ; Larmon. 231. 

Replies.— A New Chime; Hay ward, 231 ; Belcher; Poore, 232. 

Historical Intelligence. — Executives of Virginia; Genealogies in Prepara- 
tion, 233; Local Usuries in Preparation, 233 . . . . 216,227-234 

XIII. Societies and their Proceedings: 
New England Historic Genealogical ! oeiety, 234; Rhode Island Historical 
Society; Virginia Historical Society, 23-5 " 234-235 

XIV. Necrology of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society: 
Jonathan Mason , Esq., 235 ; Hon. Gerry W. Cochrane; William Peirce, Esq.; 
Samuel B. Rindge, Esq., 236 ; Hon. Gustavus V. Fox ; David O. Clark, Esq , 
237; John D. Bruns, M.U.; George A.Simmons, Esq, 238; Horatio S. 
Noyes, Esq., 239 . . . . 235-240 

XV. Book Notices 240-213 

XVI. List of Recent Publications 248-250 

XVII. Deaths 2.50-2.51 

XVIII. Inscription over the Grave of Col. Chester 252 

New England Historic Genealogical Society. — The regular meetings of this institution 
are held at the Society's House. 16 Somerset Street, Boston, Massachusetts, on the first Wed- 
nesday of every month, except July and August, at three o'clock in the afternoon. 

The Library is open daily from 9 o'clock, A.M., to 5 o'clock, P.M., except Saturday, 
"when it is closed at 2 o'clock, P.M. 

t\\t $eu^mUand fiigtoria! and ffimentogtcat gtgfrttr, 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England", is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at $8 a year in advance, or 75 cts. 
a number. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address, 
John WARD Dean, Editor, IS Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 


(L7 Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 




John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), 
Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 
Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 
William B. Trask, 
Henry H. Edes. 


















Illustration : 

1. Portrait of DORUS CLARKE (to face page 233). 

Memoir of the Rev. Doris Clarke, D.D. By the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, A.M. 233 

Books ox New England in the English Plantation Office. Cora, by G. 

D. Scull, Esq. .,...-. 261 

Braintree Records. (Continued.) Com. by Sa?nuel A. Bates, Esq. . . 262 

Ancient Iron Works in Taunton. By J. W. D. Hall, Esq 265 

Church Records of Farmingtox, Ct. (Continued.) Com. by Julius Gay, Esq. 275 

Thomas Pkilbeick and his Family. By the Rev. Jacob Chapman, A.B. . 279 

Records of Winchester, N. H. (Continued.) Com. by J. L. Alexander, M.D. 286 

The Family of Baldwin of Aston Clinton, Bucks. (Continued.) By the 

late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L 289 

The Greenleaf Ancestry. By William S. Appleton, A.M 299 

Genealogical Gleanings in England. (Continued.) By Henry F. Waters, A.B. 301 

Soldiers in King Philip's War. Nos. VII. and VIII. By the R.ev. George 
M. Bodge 325 

Notes and Queries : 

Notes.— Mr. Waters and his English Researches, 339; Death of Robert Ca- 
lef, Jr., 340; Watson; Amerian Newspapers in 1S84; King and •South^ate, 
341 ; Early Massachusetts Maps ; Hessett Items, 342; John Harvard andfim- 
manucl College ; A Norsey Bark, 343. 

Queries. — .Sherwood and Bradford; Rue, Rev/, etc.; Children named for 
Washington, 34 i ; Thomas French ; Daniel Ladd; Wiltcrtuns Gregory, 345 ; 
Thomas Pratt; Rev. Joseph Emerson's Diary, 346. 

Replies. — Hay ward, 346. 

Historical Intelligence. — Virginia Vetusta ; Genealogies in Preparation, 346 ; 
Local Histories in Preparation, 347 339-347 

Societies and their Proceedings: 
New England Historic Genealogical Society, 347; Maine Historical Society ; 
Maine Genealogical Society ; New Hampsire Historical Society, 34S ; Rhode 
Island Historical Society; "Chicago Historical Society, 349 ; Virginia Histori- 
cal Society, 350 . . , 347-3-50 

Necrology of the New-England HtsTORic Genealogical Society: 
Willard Parker, M.D , 350; Hon. Francis B.Fogg; Rev. David McKinnev; 
William Duane, Esq., 351 j Delano A. Goddard, A.M.; Hon. Samuel L. 
Crocker, 352 ... ' 350-352 

Book Notices 353-362 

List of Recent Publications 362-363 

Deaths 363-364 

New England Historic Genealogical Society. — The regular meetings of this, institution 
are held at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Massachusetts, on the first Wed- 
nesday of every month, except July and August, at three o'clock in the afternoon. 

The Library is open daily from 9 o'clock, A.M., to 5 o'clock, P.M., except Saturday, 
when it is closed at 2 o'clock, P.M. 

Mt gJcw-CSnglanfl flijrtoffcrol and (Bmatofltcai %t%\%xtx f 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, i.s published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at $3 a year in advance, or 75 era. 
a number. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address, 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

(Tjr Entered at the Post-Offiec at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 



John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor J, 
Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 
Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., 

Jeremiah Coeburn, A.M. 
William B. Trask, 
Henuy H. Edes. 



Illustration : 

1. Portrait of THOMAS BOBBINS (to face page 365). 
Memoir of the Ret. Thomas Bobbins, D.D. By the Rev. Increase N. 

Tarboz,!).!) 365 

II. The Familt of Baldwin of Astox Clinton, Bucks. (Concluded.) By the late 

Col. Joseph L. Chester, D.C.L., LL.D. 372 

III. The Wing Family. By William H. Whitmore, A.M. . , . .376 

IV. Historical Notes and Letters relating to Early New England. 

Cora, by G. D. Scull, Esq • 37S 

V. The Supposed Decay of Families. By Edward Jarvis, M.D. . . . . 3S5 


Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D 395 

VII. The Underwood Families of Massachusetts. By Prof. Lueien M. 

Underwood, Ph.D 400 

VIII. Records of Winchester, N. H. (Continued.) Com. by /. L. Alexander, M.D. 405 

IX. Descendants of William Johnson. Ey Charles S. Johnson, Esq. . . . 407 

X. Church Records of Farmington, Ct. (Continued.) Cora, by Julius Gag, Esq. 410 

XI. Genealogical Gleanings in England. (Continued.) By Henry F. Waters, A.B. 414 

XII. Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. VIII. By the Rev. George 31. Bodge . 429 

XIII. Paul Wentworth and the Wentworths in Barbadoes. By the Hon. 

John Wentworth, LL.D 444 







Notes and Queries : 

Xotes. — Sumner's History of East Boston, 445; Arnos Richardson; Gabriel 
Grubb, 447. 

Queries. — Author of Explorations of the French; Barker and Rice; Ball; 
Parsons; Tiobets, 447. 

Replies. — Dole, 417; Clark; Miscellanea Maresealliana ; Norsey Bark, 418. 

Historical Intelligence. — Ipswich Quarterly Millenary, 44S ; The Institute 
Fair; Ancestry of First Families of St. John, N. B. ; Literary Research at 
Somerset House ; Genealogies in Preparation, 449 

Societies and their Proceedings: 
New-England Historic Genealogical Society, 450; Maine Historical Society; 
Virginia Historical Society ; Rhode Island Historical Society, 4-52 

Necrology of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society: 

Col. Almon I). Hodges; Josiah M. Jones, E>q., 4-53; Horatio N. Perkins, 
A.B. ; Edward S. Rand, A.M.; Thomas P. Gcntlee, Esq., 4-54 



Book Notices 455-461 

Lest of Recent Publications 


4G 1-465 

New England Historic Genealogical Society. — The regular meetings of this institution 
are held at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Massachusetts, on the first Wed- 
nesday of every month, except July and August, at three o'clock in the afternoon. 

The Library is open daily from 9 o'clock, A.M., to 5 o'clock, P.M., except Saturday, 
when it is closed at 2 o'clock, P.M. 


Z\\t fJiuHSnglmtfl 2it$torwaI and (Genealogical %t%\%Ux, 

Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of th 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at Si a year in advance, or 75 cts, 
a number. Each number contains not less than 0G octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Addre 
John Ward Dean, Editor, IS Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

Cr" Eutercd at the Post-Office ar Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 









Historical and Genealogical 











D^vio clapp &c so:n\ printers. 

35 Bedford Street. 

— ^ 





JANUARY, 1884. 


THE life of the late Col. Chester, whose career has added lustre 
to the names of genealogist and antiquary, has a peculiar in- 
terest for the readers of the Register, in whose pages his writings 
have often appeared. He was the third son and fifth child of Jo- 
seph and Prudee (Tracy) Chester, of Norwich, Connecticut, and was 
born in that town April 30, 1821. 

His earliest known ancestor in this country was Capt. Samuel 1 
Chester, of New London, who removed to that town about the year 
1663 from Boston. Samuel Chester was in the West India trade, 
and in connection with William Condy, who is styled his nephew, 
received in 1664 a grant of land for a warehouse. "He was," says 
Miss Caulkins, "much employed in land surveys, and in 1693 was 
one of the agents appointed by the general court " of Connecticut 
n to meet with a committee from Massachusetts to renew and settle 
the boundaries between the colonies."* 

Joseph Lemuel Chester was the sixth in descent from Capt. Sam- 
uel, 1 through John, 3 Deacon Joseph 3 and his second wife Elizabeth 
Otis, Joseph 4 and wife Elizabeth Lee, and his father Joseph 5 above 
named. His mother, Prudee Tracy, was a daughter of Major Ele- 
azer Tracy, of Norwich, by his wife Prudee, daughter of Captain 
Uriah Rogers, of that town. She was descended from Lieut. Tho- 
mas Tracv, an earlv settler of Norwich ; and she inherited also the 
blood of the Rev. John Rogers, the famous Puritan preacher of 
Dedham, England, his son the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, of Ipswich, 
Mass., the Rev. William Hubbard, author of the History of New 
England, and other distinguished personages. 

Joseph Chester, the father of Col. Chester, was a grocer in mod- 
erate circumstances, an honest and upright man.. He died at Nor- 

• See Caulkins'a History of Now London, pp. 145 and 353; Hinman's Early Puritan Set- 
tlers of Connecticut, pp. 557-9; Memoir of Joseph Lemuel Chester, by John J. Luttiug, in 
N. Y. Genealogieal and Biographical Record, vol. xiii. pp. 149-56. 








2 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

wich, January 30, 1832, aged 44 ; but having had a large family 
of nine children to support, left little property to his widow and 
children. His eldest son, now the Rev. Albert Tracy Chester, D.D., 
of Buffalo, was then a student at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y. 
The next son, Charles Huntington Chester, a youth of sixteen, carried 
on the grocery store for his mother for two or three years. In 1835 
the family removed to Home, Ohio, where Erastus Chester, a brother 
of Mr. Chester, resided, and where they took a small farm. Albert 
was graduated from Union College in 1833, studied for the min- 
istry, and when settled as a clergyman took his younger brothers 
and sisters successively into his family. Mrs. Chester, the widow, 
on the 6th of September, 1837, married the Rev. John Hall, rector 
of the Episcopalian church at Ashtabula, Ohio. 

Joseph obtained his education at the common schools, though 
possibly he may have attended for a short time the academy at Ash- 
tabula, where his mother resided after her second marriage. One 
of his teachers, Othniel Gager, who kept the district school at Nor- 
wich when Joseph was eight or ten years old, is the present town 
clerk of Norwich* Ct. Mr. Latting, the author of the excellent me- 
moir of Col. Chester in theJtfeto York Genealogical and Biograph- 
ical Record, has seen Mr. Gager, who described his pupil to him as 
a handsome, bright boy, but he had no remembrance of any peculiar 
mental traits. That Joseph made himself proficient in his studies at 
the various schools, is shown by the fact that before he had reached his 
majority, he himself taught a school. This was at Ballston, X. Y., 
which is near Ballston Spa, where his brother Albert was first set- 
tled as a clergyman. In 1837 he was for a short time a clerk at 
Warren, Ohio, in the land agency office of Gen. Simon Perkins and 
the Hon. Frederick Kinsman, the latter of whom remembers him as 
a young man, f tall and commanding in appearance, and very ready 
as a clerk to comprehend and do what was required of him." 

In 1838, being then seventeen years old, he went to New York 
city and commenced the study of law. He soon abandoned it for 
the mercantile profession. He was at one time employed as a clerk 
by Messrs. Arthur Tappan & Co. in that city, silk merchants, the 
members of the firm being noted for their enterprise and also for 
their philanthropic labors. They were," Mr. Latting writes me, 
"very strict in the enforcement of a printed set of rules lor the moral 
conduct of their clerks and other employes. They made them all 
workers in the causes of Temperance and Anti-Slavery." One of 
the partners, Lewis Tappan, established in 1841 a mercantile agen- 
cy in New York, and employed Mr. Chester as a clerk. 

His literary taste was early developed. While in New York he 
contributed articles to the newspapers and magazines of the day, 
"chiefly of a poetic character." The Knickerbocker for January, 
1843, contains a poem by him entitled 'Greenwood Cemetery," 
and signed "Julian Cramer." This pseudonym is that by which he 



1884.] .Colonel Chester, 3 

.became best known; though he wrote under several other signa- 
tures. The Knickerbocker, in which his poem appeared, was then 
the leading literary magazine in the United States. The same year 
his first volume, T Greenwood Cemetery and Other Poems," was 
published at Xew York and Boston. The Knickerbocker for March, 
1843, has a favorable notice of the book, written, I presume, by the 
editor, Lewis Gaylord Clark, a competent critic. It states that 
though the poems had " some faults," which were to be expected in 
so young a writer, there are in them " marks of a veritable taste 
and a pleasing imagination, and evidence of an eye that sees and a 
heart that feels the beautiful in nature, and the bright, tender or 
sorrowful in humanity." Mr. Latting states that this volume com- 
prises r fifty-four separate pieces, mostly written prior to attain- 
ing his majority. The lines r On the Death of President Harrison,' 
f On the Loss of the Steamship President,' and ' The Captives of 
L'Amistad,' were all composed in his twentieth year." His other 
early publications are, "A Preliminary Treatise on the Law of Re- 
pulsion as a LTniversal Law of Nature," Philadelphia, 1853 ; and 
"Narrative of Margaret Douglas," Boston and Cleveland, 1854. 

He also entered the lecture field. In the winter of 1839-40, he 
lectured before the Mechanics' Institute, as I am informed by Ben- 
son J. Lossing, LL.D., the historian, who was chairman of the 
board of directors of that institution, and who then made Mr. Ches- 
ter's acquaintance. One of Mr. Latting's correspondents writes to 
him that he met Mr. Chester while the latter was lecturing on Tem- 
perance in western Massachusetts, and Judge Kinsman remembers 
him as visiting Ohio on a similar lecturing tour. 

About the year 1845 he removed to Philadelphia, where he ob- 
tained a situation as merchant's clerk. In 1847, and for some years 
subsequent, his occupation is given in the Philadelphia Directory as 
a commissioner of deeds. In the years 1848, 1849 and 1850, he 
was also the musical editor of Godeys Lady's Book. "In 1852," 
savs Mr. Latting in his memoir, n he became one of the editors of the 
Philadelphia Inquirer and of the Daily Sun, in conjunction with 
Colonel James S. Wallace. These positions brought him into no- 
tice politically, and on the consolidation of the city of Philadelphia, 
in 1854, he was elected a member of the City Council from the sixth 
ward, serving in that capacity for one term, commencing May 7, 
1855. During several sessions of congress at Washington, he vis- 
ited that city as corresponding editor, and a portion of the time of 
his residence there, he was, through the favor of his friend, Colonel 
John W. Forney, then Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives, 
employed as One of the assistant clerks." In one of Col. Chester's 
letters to me, he mentions having held the last named office in the 
spring of 185G. He was appointed by the Hon. James Pollock, who 
was governor of Pennsylvania from 1855 to 1858, one of his aids 
with the military rank of colonel. 

4 Colonel Chester, [Jan. 

While residing at Washington, he was employed to make sale in 
England of some patents, and in 1858 left his native country. He 
landed in England on the 6th of September. Various causes pre- 
vented him from succeeding in his undertaking : but he settled in 
London and made it his residence thereafter till his death. For a 
time he kept up his connection with the newspaper press, and for 
about three years furnished a weekly letter from London to the 
Philadelphicir Inquirer . After taking up his residence in England, 
he made, at least, one visit to the continent, for in one of his letters 
to me he gives an account of an interview with the Hon. Charles 
Sumner in March, 1859, in the Museo Borbonico in Naples, and 
of dining the same evening at the American minister's. He seldom 
left England, however, for on the 14th of September, 1872, he wrote 
me : '' I have spent some weeks in Ireland this summer, my first 
visit there. It was the first real holidav I have taken during the 
last fourteen years." 

It was a tradition in the Rogers famiiv, though the tradition had 
been rejected by the best New England antiquaries, that his ancestor, 
the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers of Ipswich, Mass., son of the Rev. John 
Rogers of Dedham, England, was a descendant of the famous John 
Rogers, the Marian Proto-martyr, whose fate had been made fami- 
liar to the children of our land by one of the pictures in the New 
England Primer. Being in England and having heard the tradition 
from his youth, he determined to investigate the matter. His re- 
searches, however, did not result favorably. On the contrary he 
found proof that the Dedham minister, through whom he hoped to 
trace his lineage, could not have been a descendant of the martyr. 
This, no doubt, was a sore disappointment to him, as few who pride 
themselves on their New England blood would not prefer to be 
descended from John Rogers than from any of the sovereigns of 
England. But these researches led him to undertake the life of 
Rogers, as he tells us, in the following words, in the preface to 
t hat work : 

Personally unsatisfactory as were his labors in that direction, they led 
him into another, and it was not long before he was thoroughly imbued 
with the conviction that historical justice had never been done to the per- 
son whose eventful career forms the subject of these pages. He soou dis- 
covered that the onlv original account concerning him, which had been re- 
ceived as authentic for nearly three centuries, was full of the wildest dis- 
crepancies and grossest errors. Modest and humble, unambitious of a rec- 
ord on the common roll of fame, actuated by higher and holier motives 
than the attaiument of a name among men, while he lived, he carefully 
avoided all appearance of ostentation, and never claimed the honors to 
which he was justly entitled ; while after his death his very memory was 
rudely thrust aside in order to make room for that of those of his associates 
who had been, indeed, his official superiors, but who, generally, were in- 
finitely his inferiors, as well in regard to their character and attainments, 
as to the services which they rendered the church and the world. 


Colonel Chester, 

This work, under the title of " John Rogers : the Compiler of 
the First Authorized English Bible : the Pioneer of the Eng- 
lish Reformation ; and its First Martyr," was published in the 
autumn .of 1861. The claims which he made for his hero in the title 
of the work were abundantly proved in its pages. The book at- 
tracted immediate attention, and English and American antiquaries 
awarded him high honor for his first antiquarian work. It was also the 
foundation of an acquaintance with Sir Frederic Rogers, bart., now 
Lord Blachford, The book was dedicated to him, and the friend- 
ship between them became intimate and lasting. 

The war of the Rebellion had then broken out. While he was 
thinking of returning: home, he r received a commission from the 
United States government for a service which he could render in 
England,"* and decided to remain in that country. 

It was natural that one who had met with such decided success in 
antiquarian and genealogical researches should continue to prosecute 
them. On the 24th of October, 1862, he thus wrote to the Rev. 
Caleb Davis Bradlee, of Boston : 

I have been fortunate enough to obtain free access to Doctors' Commons, 
and am preparing to make thorough investigations among the wills of that 
famous repository- My admission as a '" Literary Inquirer " enables me 
to examine all wills recorded previous to 1700, and to make any extracts 
I choose, or even to copy the whole wills. Hitherto, as you are doubtless 
aware, we could only look at a single will by paying a fee of 25 cents, and 
then were not suffered to make so much as a note on our finger nails. The 
regulation is a new one, and the number to whom permission is granted 
will be very limited. 

I am now devoting all mv leisure to examining the wills from 1600 to 
1650, and shall go "back to the earliest date and down to 1700, designing 
to use such information as I may acquire for my own literary purposes. 
There is no doubt but that much whicl has been indistinct in the genealogv 
of the early settlers of New England will be cleared up by a careful exam- 
ination of these wills. 

He continued for twenty years to collect materials illustrating the 
ancestry of American families in the mother country. In the mean 
time he made special searches for clients, and investigated the Eng- 
lish ancestry of noted Americans. The result of each research he 
arranged and wrote out carefully. Some of these monographs have 
been printed by himself or others ; but probably the greater number 
remain in manuscript in the hands of his clients. They are charac- 
terized by fullness and minuteness of detail, the result of the most 
persistent and thorough research. Among them may be named the 
Wentworth, Hutchinson, Marbury, Tilden, Pelham, Dummer, 
Baldwin, Wheelwright and Ferneley families. The Wentworth re- 
search, for the Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, was a 
marvel of completeness. His early investigations are embodied in 

* Mr. Latting's Memoir. 



6 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

an article in the Register in April, 1868 ; but the full results of his 
labors did not appear till the two editions of the Wentworth Gene- 
alogy were published in 1871 and 1878. It would be difficult to 
name any Wentworth of prominence in English history or literature 
whose ancestry is not given in that book. The Tilden pedigree, 
for the Hon. Samuel J. Tilden, ex-governor of New York and demo- 
cratic candidate of the Presidency of the United States in 1876, is, 
Col. Chester wrote me October 17, 1873, "the most complete in 
its minuteness that I have ever done." The Wheelwright, Ilutchin- 

* — 

son, Marbury, Pelham and Dummer genealogies have appeared in 
the Register, and the Baldwin will be printed in it this year. The 
Ferneley research, made for the late Joseph Ballard, of Boston, fill- 
ing ten closely written foolscap pages of precise information, is in 
the possession of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

He delighted to grapple with difficulties which had foiled other 
antiquaries. When a genealogical mystery was cleared up by him, 
he did not often rest satisfied till he had traced the connections of the 
person whose history he was tracing through all their ramifications. 
In a letter of January 6, 1872, he writes that one of the most emi- 
nent English genealogists, whom he names, had recently appealed 
to him in a irenealo^ical matter, after he had exhausted all his own 
resources, and Col. Chester adds with pride that he was able to 
" help him out of his difficulties." Many instances of similar suc- 
cess could be named, but I will refer to only three — one whose in- 
terest is coextensive with English literature, and two in which it is 
confined to Americans. 

1. For a long time the surname of the mother of the poet Milton 
had been a puzzle for his biographers. In the words of one of them, 
Prof. Masson, the problem had ' been waiting unsolved by native 
ingenuity for two hundred yeais." Even Edward Phillips, Milton's 
own nephew, gave a wrong surname, Caston, and John Aubrey the 
antiquary called her a Bradshaw. Col. Chester proved that her 
maiden name was JefTerys. The evidence by which he arrived at this 
result he communicated to the London At/ienceum, Nov. 7, 1868, 
and Mr. Lattins; inves a crood abstract in his memoir. Prof. Mas- 
son accepted the result, and, in announcing it, styled Col. Chester 
" a Hercules of genealogy." 

2. The parentage of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson, the friend of Sir Hen- 
ry Yane, whose religious zeal and skill in controversy had set the in- 
fant colony of Massachusetts ablaze, had been hopelessly sought by 
our genealogists (see Register, xvii. 65). Col. Chester proved 
that she was the daughter of the Rev. Francis Marbury of London, 
and that her mother Bridget Dryden was a sister of Sir Erasmus 
Dryden, bart., the grandfather of the poet Dryden. 

3. The maiden name of Mrs. Mary Norton, the wife of the Rev. 
John Norton of Boston and the liberal benefactor of the Old South 
Church (her bequest of landed property having made that church 



Colonel Chester. 

one of the richest in this city) had foiled all the efforts of our gene- 
alogists, not even a clew having been obtained. Col. Chester 
proved that she was Mary, the third daughter of John Ferneley of 
West Cretin 2;. bv his wife Temperance, daughter of Sir Miles Cor- 
bet, and that Miles Corbet, famous in English history, was her own 
cousin, while two of her great aunts were wives of two of the most 
eminent statesmen of their day, Sir Nicholas Bacon and Sir Thomas 

Col. Chester, in his letter to the Rev. Mr. Bradlee, refers to the 
extracts he was then making from the wills at Doctors' Commons, 
now at Somerset House, London. He availed himself also of many 
other sources of genealogical information. Prominent anions them 
are the Parish Registers, of which at his death he left eighty-seven 
folio volumes of extracts, of more than 400 pages each. Seventy of 
these volumes are carefully indexed.* The Manuscripts of the Rev. 
Matthias Candler, the Puritan vicar of Coddenham, Suffolk, con- 
taining much 2;enealoo'ical information relative to families which 
emigrated to America, early engaged his attention. In 1862 he 
sent to the Register, of which I was the editor, an article on the 
n Rogers Genealogy and the Candler Manuscript," meaning the 
volume in the Ilarleian MSS., British Museum, which had been 
made known to New England readers by the Rev. Joseph Hunter 
and Mr. Horatio G. Somerby. In 1866 Col. Chester learned that 
there were two other volumes by Candler in the Tanner MSS., 
Bodleian Library, and in July visited Oxford, where he spent a 
week. He wrote me the result of his discoveries in a letter dated 
the 30th of that month. An extract from this letter is printed in 
my * Memoir of -Nathaniel Ward," page 122. In the summer and 
fall of 1869 he spent several weeks at Oxford, and on the 19th of 
October wrote that the two Candler volumes, which he had been 
having copied, were finished; adding, f I have found two more 
volumes in his handwriting, relating to Suffolk people exclusively, 
not pedigrees, but personal sketches, copies of monuments, etc., 
which I am copying. They will all be very valuable." 

The Matriculation Register of the University of Oxford is another 

* These eighty-seven volumes of Parish Register extracts form the first of the nine 
series of ColTciiostcr's manuscripts in the lists prepared by Mr. Cokayne, his executor, the 
substance of which list will he appended to this memoir. Of the nine scries, the second, 
third and fourth have been sold, while the sixth, seventh, eighth and ninth are not for sale. 
Col. Chester's library was sold at auction in Loudon, April 17-20, 1883, by Sotheby, Wil- 
kinson and Hodge. 

The Parish Registers, mentioned in the text, are said to be the most valuable series of 
the above manuscripts. A more particular description will be found in the list just referred 
to. They had not been sold when I last heard from Mr. Cokayne. It would be a fitting 
tribute to the memory of one of the rno>t unselfish antiquaries that ever lived, it these man- 
uscripts could be purchased for some public institution in this country, where they would 
be kept together. Mr. Cokavne says of them : "Judging from the price which MSS. 
of this nature have fetched during recent years, it is more than probable that, if sold (by 
auction or otherwise) separately, they would command, at the lowest calculation, an ave- 
rage price of £50 a volume (£4360); "but as it is wished, for the sake of doing honor to 
their great and indefatigable collector, to keep them together, the whole series is now oifer- 
ed as one collection at a very considerably less rate, viz., £3000 net (which is the minimum 
•um that will be taken), being less than £35 a volume." 

8 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

source from which he slathered information. On the 2d of March, 
1866, he wrote me from Oxford : 

I have been very hard at work here day and night. I am making a com- 
plete copy of the Matriculation Registers of the University, from 1564 to 
1750, permission having been kindly afforded me. There will be more 
than one hundred thousand entries, name, parentage, residence, age, &e. 
It will be invaluable, as such a list never will be printed. I have already 
identified numbers of our earlv New England families, and anions: other 
things settled the ancestrv of the famous Anne Hutchinson, as well as com- 
pleted my chain of evidence disproving the AVashington pedigree. 

On the 16th of October, 1869, he wrote from Oxford that he was 
there, and would remain till Christmas, and would complete his copy 
of the Matriculation Register to that year; "so that," he adds, "I 
shall have it perfect for over three hundred years." 

The Old Marriage Allegations in the Bishop of London's Regis- 
ter, extending from 1598 to 1710, furnished him another source 
from which he drew his information. He wrote me August 29, 
1868, that he had completed his examination, and had secured "no 
less than thirty-five hundred choice extracts." 

I shall not attempt to specify the variety of materials illustrating 
the family history of England, chiefly in the seventeenth century, 
which he collected, methodically arranged and indexed. A general 
idea may be obtained from the list of manuscripts appended to this 

The work to which he devoted a large portion of his time during 
his residence in England, was an annotated transcript of the Regis- 
ters of Westminster Abbev. It was no doubt owing to this under- 
taking that free access to many parish and other records which we 
have referred to, was accorded to him. At first he contemplated 
only a partial transcript, but at the suggestion of Dean Stanley he 
was induced to enlarge his plan. On the 9th of November, 1867, 
he wrote me, " I think I told you that I am engaged in preparing for 
the press and annotating the entire Register of Marriages, Baptisms 
and Burials in Westminster Abbey. I am quite proud of this work." 
On the 13th of the next month he wrote : 

My labor on the Abbey Registers is excessive, and likely to be protract- 
ed, though I confine my notes simply to the identification of the parties. 
Still, it is a labor of love, and it is surely something for an American to be 
proud of, thus to have his name perpetually connected with the glorious old 

His letters abound in references to this work, the progress he had 
made, and the new materials which had been opened to him. June 
17, 1871,- he wrote me : 

A paper of mine was read before the Historical Society last Monday, a 
copy of which I will send you as soon as printed. That paper will show 
you one of the causes of my slow progress with my Abbey Book. I had 
paid no attention to the Royal Family, supposing that if the history of any 

1884.] Colonel Chester, 9 

family was thoroughly known it was that. Aud yet the second burial in 
the Abbey Register, when I reached it. I found to be entirely wrong, and 
it cost me a month's labor to set it right. These interruptions delay me 
very much, but I still hope to go to press this year. 

On the 4th of May, 1872, he wrote : 

Yes, every day's delay tends to make my Abbey book more perfect, and 
as it is probably the great work of my life — my legacy to the nation — and 
as I mean it to be a standard book forever, I am not sorry for the delay. 
I am constantly at work on it, and as constantly improving it. 

In the spring of 1874 his work was sufficiently advanced to make 
arrangements for its publication. On the 11th of April he wrote 
that he had presented it to the Harleian Society, and that it would 
appear as one of its serials. About two weeks later, on the 24th, 
he informed me with gratification that the Queen had that week ac- 
cepted the dedication of his book, an honor ' not often accorded.'' 
On the 30th of May he writes more fully on this subject : 

It seemed proper, as my book is a National work, that it should be dedi- 
cated to the head of the nation. I left the matter to Dean Stanley whether 
I should dedicate it to him, or whether he thought the Queen should be 
asked, and I knew nothing more of it until I received her formal permission 
through her private secretary. 

On the 16th of May, before the last letter, but after the Queen 
had accepted the dedication of his book, to which patronage he at- 
tributed the favor granted to him, he wrote : 

The Lords of the Treasury have just given me free access to the wills at 
Doctors' Commons of the last century, my present privilege only extend- 
ing to the year 1700 — the only thing I yet wanted to perfect my book. 
This is a concession* never before granted to anybody. Dean Stanley and 
I have been trying for it for the last five years, and have only just 

The next year he commenced printing his book, and sent me a 
proof of the first pages, August 28, 1875. Progress in the print- 
ing is frequently noted. Ou the 10th of March, 1876, he writes : 

My Abbey volume has been some time all printed, making 52G pages of 
text. Its issue is only delayed by the index, a most important feature, 
on which I have now been at work four weeks, twelve hours a day, and 
it will occupy me at least a fortnight longer. I hope to forward the vol- 
ume some time next mouth. 

In 1876 the work was issued as the tenth volume of the publica- 
tions of the Harleian Society. A small edition was printed sepa- 
rately for presents to the author's friends. The work more than met 
the high expectations that had been raised. The English and Amer- 
ican press spoke highly of its merits. The London Times of Sept. 
1, 1876, devoted three and a half columns, and the Morning Post 
of Nov. 2, more than a column to a review of the work. The 
Times said : 


Colonel Chester. 


Throughout the whole of this huge volume, with its profusion of names, 
illustrious or obscure, it is only at rare intervals that a case is to be found 
of which the industry of its annotator has failed to obtain some particulars. 
Such a happy result has been secured by protracted investigations possible 
only to an antiquary industrious beyoud his fellows. The wills at Somer- 
set House, the marriage records preserved in the various offices belonging 
to the Sees of London and Canterburv, the matriculation registers at Ox- 
ford — all these have yielded up their dead ; aud from such original research 
Col. Chester has amassed a wealth of biographical illustration almost with- 
out parallel for novelty and accuracy. 

The London Morning Post said : 

There is scarcely a family of rank aud position which may not learn 
something — some out-of-the-way fact or incident of interest — from the pro- 
digious amount of accurate information here provided by Colonel Chester, 
who is thoroughly and completely master of his subject. When it is borne 
in mind how inexact many persons have been and are as regards dates, how 
one misstatement (made often not intentionally, but through carelessness 
and to save trouble) is handed on, repeated and enlarged, writers of general 
or personal history cannot but be grateful for this admirable work. Colo- 
nel Chester brings to light facts which have been forgotten ; tracks out er- 
rors and inaccuracies, which have had a lou£ life, with unceasing care; and 
provides in this book a monument of his painstaking industry and patient 
self-sacrifice. As long as Westminster Abbey lasts his name will be re- 
membered because of this rnacmiiicent work. 

The warm encomiums given it on its publication have been re- 
peated by the press and individuals since his death. B. Beedham, 
Esq., of Ashfield House, Kimbolton, an English antiquary of note, 
in a recent letter to me writes : " These Registers were worthy of 
the most ample illustration, and at his hands they received it to an 
extent which has never been accorded to anv similar records. He 
has thus added a page to the history of the church, so splendid and 
so rich in associations, to which every intelligent countryman of his 
directs his earliest steps on visiting the land of his forefathers." 

Col. Chester was justlv gratified bv the manner in which his book 
was received. On the 22d of December, 1876, he wrote me : 

I have something like two hundred letters of the most complimentary 
and appreciative character, from the best men in the country, and am am- 
ply repaid for all my labor. The Queen sent me a kind message some days 
ago, through the Dean of Westminster, with her "sincere thanks " for my 
"valuable and interesting volume." On my return home yesterday I 
found from her a copy of the Life of the Prince Consort (written by Mr. 
Theodore Martin under her direction) with her autograph inscription, "To 
Colonel Chester, from Victoria R." 

On the 26th of January, 1877, he wrote : 

You will be pleased to hear that the Queen has just sent me the second 
volume of the Life of the Prince Consort, with, as before, her autograph 
presentation inscription (only this time she signs her name " Victoria R. 
& L") aud this kind message, " that she has not been forgetful of your 
labors, aud wishes you to understand how much she appreciates them." 

1884.] Colonel Chester. 11 

On the 9th of March, 1878, he writes with equal pleasure that he 
had received from the Queen the third volume of that work. Mr. 
Lattino" has sent me a copy of the letter of Dean Stanley accompa- 
nying the book, which is as follows : 

Deanery, Westminster. 
My dear Col. Chester : 

I have been graciously commanded by the Queen to send you the 
3rd volume of the Prince Consort's life. It may please you the more be- 
cause it is entirely the Queen's own thought — the more remarkable at this 
moment when her mind must be so much occupied by the overwhelming 
anxieties of public affairs. 

I have not myself seen the Queen, having been kept at my house by a 
troublesome cold, which is, I trust, at last giving way. 

You will remember that vesterdav was the 2nd Anniversary of the 
eclipse of my life.* 

March 2, '78. Yours sincerely, A. P. Stanley. 

A few years later, December 31, 1881, he informs me with pride 
that a handsome card-trav, made from old oak taken from West- 
minster Abbey, had been sent him as a Christmas present by the 
Dean and Chapter. 

In the preface to his Abbey book he made the following an- 
nouncement : 

It may be as well to add that the Editor has a large collection from 
which he may eventually decide to print a list of such persons as were 
probably buried in the Abbey, but whose names do not appear in the Reg- 
isters, with the evidences ; and also that, if bis life is spared a few years 
longer, he iutends to embody in a supplement such important information 
as he may acquire respecting the persons named in the present volume, and 
especially concerning the few still unidentified. 

Such a volume would have been a valuable supplement to his 
great work, but unfortunately he did not live to compile it. Nor 
did he finish the other work on which he bent all his energies after 
the publication of his Westminster book, and which he refers to in 
the following extract from a letter dated Dec. 2, 1876 : "I am de- 
voting all my leisure time to working up the immense amount of 
Washington material I have collected, and clearing away the rub- 
bish. I have now the means to explode utterly the South Cave 
theory, which has always been a giant in the way. I believe I have 
the clew to the Presidents real ancestry, but I some time ago made 
up my mind not to say or print anything more on the subject until 
I can lay the subject complete before the world." Though he was 
not able to finish these works, he found time, however, to edit seve- 
ral volumes for the Harleian Society, the titles of which will be found 
in the list of his writings appended. 

• Note by J. J. Lotting. — Lady Augusta Stanley, the Dean's wife, died on Wednesday, 
March 1, 1876. 


12 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

His labors were soon recognized by the learned societies. The 
earliest to bestow its honors upon him was, I think, the New Eng- 
land Historic Genealogical Society, which elected him a correspond- 
ing, member in 1862. He was elected to the same membership in 
the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society in 1871. 
From the title-page of his Westminster volume we learn that 
he was also an honorary or a corresponding member of " the His- 
torical Societies of the States of Massachusetts, Xew York, Penn- 
sylvania, Virginia, Maryland, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode 
Island, Connecticut and Minnesota," in this country. In Eng- 
land he was one of the founders of the Harieian Society, and a 
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He was a member of the 
councils of both societies at their organization, and held that office 
in the former society till his death. In October, 1880, he was 
elected an honorary member of the Historic Society of Lancashire 
and Cheshire. He was doubtless a member of other learned socie- 
ties in England and America. 

He was also the recipient of academic honors. In the spring of 
1877, the late Evert A. Duyckinck, A.M., the senior author of the 
" Cyclopaedia of American Literature " and one of the trustees of 
Columbia College, New York, wrote to me that it was contemplated 
by thi3 college to honor Col. Chester with a degree. In writing to 
mv friend I hinted this to him, but without naming the college. He 
replied on the 11th of May that he should value highly such a rec- 
ognition by an American college, as it would show that his work 
was appreciated by his countrymen. He then adds, r There has 
been an intimation to the same effect here." After the decree of 
LL.D. was conferred on him by Columbia College, he wrote, July 
10, 1877, to me: 

I appreciate this honor for thre3 reasons : First, because it proves that 
the prophet is not always without honor even iu his own country. Sec- 
ondly, because it was in New York, and almost under the shadow of 
this college, that I began my manhood career nearly forty years ago. 
Thirdly, because I know, as you say in your kindly note in the Transcript, 
that Columbia College has always been very sparing and discriminating in 
conferring its highest honors. 

The intimation to which he refers in his letter in May, was doubt- 
less a decree from Oxford. This, four years later, he received, for 
on the 22d of June, 1881, that ancient University conferred its 
highest degree, D.C.L., upon him, "in acknowledgment," says 
Mr. Latting, " of his services as a genealogist ; the first and only 
instance, it is understood, in which that degree was given for such 
a cause." For this honor Col. Chester was profoundly grateful. 

In March, 1850, a portrait of him, with his autograph, "Julian 
Cramer," appeared in Godeys Lady's Booh. In 1874 I met with 
this portrait, and wrote him to that effect, adding that I could see 
little resemblance in it to the photograph taken in 1869, which he 
had sent me. He replied Feb. 7, 1874 : 


1884.] Colonel Chester. 13 

The portrait you mention was considered a good one when it was en- 
graved, now some twenty-four or five years ago, when I was of course so 
many years younger. I now wear my hair and beard differently, which 
naturally alters one's appearance. I suspect that portraits taken at an in- 
terval of a quarter of a century would seldom exhibit much similarity, un- 
less one had some strongly marked features. 

Of this portrait Dr. Lossing, the well known author referred to 
in the beginning of this memoir, wrote me, Dec. 28, 1883 : 

' Col. Chester presented me with his engraved portrait when it was first 

published. He was then about twenty-nine years of age. His almost 
black hair and whiskers were close cut. The latter extended under his 
chin. He had no moustache, and his chin was shaven. He wore a " turn- 
down" collar, and was enveloped in a cloak. 

The portrait which embellishes this memoir is from a photograph 
taken at Oxford in 1881, when he received his decree. It was en- 
graved for the J¥eiv York Genealogical and Biographical Rec- 
ord, to accompany Mr. Latting's memoir in that periodical, Octo- 
ber, 1882.* 

Time works creat changes in the features of an individual, but 
seldom so great as is shown by these three portraits. A friend, after 
comparing them together, remarked that he could not see a single 
feature that was the same in all ; and yet the portraits have all been 
pronounced good likenesses. The mind, however, looks out from 
each of them. At twenty-nine we see a fair brow and an eye full 
• of hope and confidence ; at forty-eight we notice that time has 

stamped a deeper impression on the features ; and at sixty the full 
character is written on the face and brow. I, myself, never saw 
Col. Chester, but from all descriptions which I have heard or read, 
it is evident that he was a fine looking man and had a command- 
ing presence. Dr. Lossing writes : 

I first met Col. Chester as a lecturer in New York. He was then a very 
handsome, finely proportioned young man in the nineteenth year of his 
age. From that time we met occasionally and kept up an occasional 
correspondence until he went to Europe. Our acquaintance was kept bright 
chiefly through letters ever afterwards. Our personal intercourse was 
very slight. We were wide apart geographically most of the time. 
The last time I saw him was in Harper's Building, New York, the year 
before he went to England. For years after that I lost trace of him. Two 
or three years before the appearance of his Westminster Abbey book, I re- 
ceived letters from him, and from that time until the year before his death 
we corresponded briefly at rather wide intervals. When his Westminster 
book was published he sent me a copy. His letters were warm and sym- 
pathetic, and I felt it a privilege to be remembered in his list of friends. 
One of the earliest tokens ot his regard for me was a copy of his 
4< Green wood Cemetery and Other Poems," presented to me son after its 
appearance in 1843. My brief personal acquaintance with him and our 

• I am indebted to the courtesy of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society 
for the free use of the plate. 

▼ol. xxxvin. 2 




14 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

exchange of epistles taught me to esteem him very highly as a most genial, 
generous, scholarly and every way attractive man. 

The Rev. Alexander B. Grosart, on dedicating to him, in 1869, 
his edition of the Poems of Sir John Beaumont, thus addresses him : 

I like you for your English Puritan name and for your English face — 
that of " a brave gentleman " all of the olden time; I like you for your 
right good service in writing for the first time adequately, the Life, a su- 
premely noble and beautiful one, of " John Rogers," Proto-martyr of Eng- 
land under Marv ; I like vou as an American proud of vour lineage and 
unmixed English descent ; and I like you for your catholic literary sympa- 
thies and brotherhood. 

George W. Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A., the founder and for seven 
years the editor of The Genealogist, published in the number of 
that quarterly for July, 1882, an appreciative memoir of his friend 
Col. Chester. He thus describes him : 

His personal appearance was in every way characteristic. Tall, of stout 
build, well proportioned, with long flowing gray beard, and a peculiarly 
kindly expression of countenance, he naturally prepossessed those with 
whom he came in contact at first sight, and his quiet, unobtrusive manner 
at once commanded respect. Generous and genial in disposition far beyond 
most men, he was at the same time highly sensitive, and felt keenly any 
want of gratitude on the part of those who obtained his assistance in their 
researches, while, on the other hand, the most trivial attention shown him 
was accepted and valued with childiike simplicity and delight. Ever ready 
to atford to any one who asked him all the aid which his large collection 
could supply, he spent half his time in replying to the inquiries of his nu- 
merous correspondents, and it was rarely, however much trouble it involv- 
ed or time it took, that the desired information was not supplied by return 
of post. The only return he expected, though for that he never asked, was 

He was always ready, as Dr. Marshall says, to help his brother 
antiquaries. The author of a biographical sketch in the N^ew Month- 
ly Magazine, published during his lifetime, also says : "The accu- 
mulations of more than twenty years .... are generally known to 
be at the service of any one requiring them for legitimate historical 
purposes ; and it will be found that scarcely a modern book appears 
relating to biography, genealogy, county or parish history, that is 
not more or less indebted to him." This many of us know to be 
true in our own cases, and the numerous acknowledgments to him 
which we meet with in books, are additional confirmations of the 

He had a keen intellect, great versatility of talent and a ready 
command of language. He expressed himself forcibly, and did not 
hesitate to say what he thought. His readiness of expression is 
shown by his letters and other manuscripts, which are written in a 
free, legible and uniform hand, with' hardly an erasure or inter- 

His truthfulness was conspicuous. He would not encourage the 

1884.] Colonel Chester. 15 

pretentions of those who sought to connect themselves with the 
gentry of England when no evidence could be found to favor it ; 
and he had no patience with those who pandered to the vanity of 
such persons. At the request of an acquaintance I wrote to Col. 
Chester asking him to prepare a chapter on " The Armorial Insig- 
nia of American Families," for a work which that gentleman had 
undertaken. I stated that it was desired that the whole truth should 
be told. He replied March 25, 1881 : 

I have been in doubt whether it would be politic in me to write an arti- 
cle that would place me in such open antagouism with so large a portion of 
my countrymen whom I know to be claiming and using armorial bearings 
to which they have no shadow of right. The truth is that they do not wish to 
be undeceived, and will not onlv not thank me for undeceiving them, but 
will be angry with me for having done so. I have had experience of this 
already, in a number of cases in which I have dealt with the matter in 

No statements I can make, however fortified, will convince the descend- 
ants of a score of families which I could name, that they have no more 
right to the arms they claim and use than they have to the royal coat of 
England, and yet I know that it is true. 

He finally consented to write the chapter ; but the projected work 
was abandoned before he had begun to write the article. 

He was proud of the land of his birth, and loved to have his coun- 
trymen call on him, and delighted in showing them his wonderful 
collections. No one visited him without carrving: awav an exalted 
opinion of the man and his work. He wished to be known as an 
American, and rejoiced that he was able to do honor to his country 
by his pen ; and yet, perhaps, a residence of twenty years and up- 
wards in England had assimilated him more than he was aware to 
the people with whom he lived. The late S. Whitney Phoenix, 
in giving an account, in a letter to his friend Henry T. Drowne, of 
New York, September 21, 1880, of a pleasant visit to Col. Chester, 
pronounces him f a thorough Englishman in speech and manner. " 
Such assimilation is not unfrequent. 

As to his residence in London, his earliest letters to me do not 
give it, his address being to the care of Mr. Moran of the American 
legation. Tn 1865 it was " 14 George's Terrace, Blue Anchor 
Road, Bermondsey." He removed to " 16 Linden Villas," in 
the same street, in April, 1870, on the 16th of which month he 
writes me : 

I have been in sad confusion for the last fortnight, moving, and have but 
just got settled in my new quarters, where I hope to remain permanently. 
I have fitted up my library to my own taste, and write this from it. If you 
ever come to see me, as I hope you may, I think you will say I am very 
cosy and comfortable. 

This house he made his home till his death twelve years later, 
though in December, 1878, the name of the street was changed to 

16 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

Southwark Park Road, Lis number being 124. On the 30th of that 
month he writes : 

I change ray address, happily, thanks to the authorities, without chang- 
ing' my residence, and the new name of my street is so distinctive that I 
am able to drop the " Linden Villas " and " Bermondsey " altogether, 
much to my own satisfaction, and greatly to the relief of my correspondents. 

The close of his life and his funeral rites are thus described by 
Dr. Marshall in his memoir : 

Incessant work, and the sedentary life which it enforced, naturally told 
on what was to all appearances a robust constitution, but till within a few 
weeks of his demise, the gout, from which he frequently suffered, was his 
only serious complaint. He spent a fortuight last Christmas, as he had 
been in the habit of doing: daring the most of his residence in England, at 
the house of his friend Mr. Cokayne, and seemed, though perhaps a little 
less active, much in his usual health and spirits.* In February he was at- 
tacked by his old enemv the gout, and though he did not rallv as soon as 
usual, nothing serious was anticipated till the end of April, when his medi- 
cal attendant, Mr. Cooper, suspected that he was suffering from disease of 
the nature of internal tumor. On the oth of May, Sir James Paget, and 
Dr. Moxon of Guys, examined him, and pronounced the case to be that of 
a cancerous tumor in the stomach of considerable size and long standing, 
but not of necessity immediately fatal. These, or some such words, were 
told him by Sir James, and since that time he seemed to lose all heart, and 
I believe never wrote a line more. He continued, however, to sit up in his 
library on an invalid couch, and though his voice became feeble, was able to 
converse with his friends till the 23d of May, when, though weak, he ap- 
peared much as usual ; but on that night came an attack of bronchitis, then 
an abscess in the throat, and though he appeared to recover from both of 
these, soon after midnight his strength gave way ; and on the 25th he grad- 
ually sank, and at 10, A.M. on the 26th, expired. 

On the last day of the month his funeral, which was of a private charac- 
ter, took place at Nunhead Cemetery ; a large number, however, of his 
poorer neighbors (among whom he had so long resided, and to whom he 
had ever been a liberal and most kind benefactor) were present. The 
American Embassy was represented by Mr. E. S. Nadal, one of the Secre- 
taries of Legation. The service was read by Dr. Bradley, Dean of West- 
minster, who thus, on behalf of himself and his Chapter, testified the respect 
due to one who had done so much towards illustrating the history of their 
glorious Abbey, f 

Nothing more remains to be told, unless it be to add that of the many 
good qualities exemplified in his life, his genial disposition was the most 
striking. Having acquired knowledge himself, by imparting it to others he 
made the best possible use of it, and thus derived the truest and noblest 
enjoyment from its possession. In this respect he has left behind him a 
bright example and taught a useful lesson. His too early death has caused 
a general and heartfelt feeling of sorrow amongst all whose good fortune it 
was to come in contact with him. We shall see his kindly face no more, 

• I am just startinj? for a friend's house in the country, where T always spend a fort- 
night at Christmas and New Year. (Col. Chester's Letter, Dec. 23, 1881.)— J- w. D. 

f A tablet to his memory will l>e placed in We&trninbter Abbey by the Dean and Chap- 
ter, if it is not already there. — j. w. d. 

1884.] Colonel Chester. 17 

no longer learn our work under his able guidance, and though we cannot 
wish to recall him from the reward of a life well spent and of work well 
done, our heart is still human, and 

" It mourns that dust should part." 

The life of Col. Chester adds another proof to the many with 
which literature abounds, that great things may be accomplished when 
the energies are concentrated on a single object and the powers of 
mind are equal to the undertaking. He had not the advantage of 
an early antiquarian training. Till he arrived in England in his 
thirty-eighth year, we do not learn that he had attempted anything 
in the line in which he afterwards distinguished himself.* The ca- 
pacity and taste for what was to become hereafter his life-work no 
doubt were in him, though undeveloped, and he soon placed himself 
in the front rank of antiquaries. When he died it is acknowledged 
that he had no superior as a genealogist nmong the English-speak- 
ing race ; and his reputation had been steadily increasing. He had 
gained the position which he had long labored for ; but he was not 
permitted to enjoy it many years. In the midst of his activity and 
usefulness his work was arrested, as his friend Dr. Marshall has told 
us. Another friend, Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D., F.S.A., the 
editor of Miscellanea Genealogica et Ileraldica and his co-worker 
in the Harleian Society, in a letter dated July 10, 1882, thus de- 
scribes his condition in the last days of his life : 

I saw poor Chester three days before he went to rest. He was quite 
prepared for the change, and seemed, and I fully believe was, at peace with 
all. He then told me that although he could not read his books, yet he 
liked to be carried into his study. He knew the position of every volume, 
and called them his " familiar faces," bringing, as he glanced from one to 
the other, to his recollection many happy hours spent in collecting the 
memoranda stored in each volume. 

Col. Chester's Manuscripts. 

Abstract of a List prepared by his Executor, George E. Cokayne, M.A., F.S.A. 

They may be divided into nine series, each series being quite separate and un- 
connected with the other, viz.: 

I. The splendid collection of Extracts from Parish Registers from nearly all the 
counties in England, consisting of 87 folio volumes, each containing about 400 
pages, closely written. Of these volumes 70 are full and are carefully indexed, 
the " index nominum " to each being a work of immense labor. The other 17 
are partially filled. 

* Mr. Hassam of this city has shown in an article which will appear in the April number 
of the Register, the disadvantages under which Col. Chester labored, and under which 
genealogists in London now labor, in comparison with the facilities afforded for genealogi- 
cal research in Boston. Dean Stinley and Col. Cluster were only able after years of soli- 
citation, to obtain free access to the wills of the last centurv for a work of national interest. 
In this city access to ail the probate records is given without fee to any person. In Lon- 
don the Literary Inquirer, even for the period tor which he has the use of the records, has 
not access to the tiles. Here records and files are equally at his service without charge. 

18 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

They contain the entries of all the families of note in the parishes thus dealt with, 
but were, it is believed, made with the special view of illustrating such families as 
emigrated to America. They are therefore particularly valuable to the American 
nation, and it was in America that Colonel Chester fully believed they would event- 
ually find their home. They are as follows, viz.: Beds I vol., Berks 1 vol., Backs 1 
voi., Cambridgeshire 1 vol., Cheshire 1 vol., Cornwall 1 vol., Derbyshire 2 vols., 
Devon 3 vols., Dorset 1 vol., Essex 3 vols., Gloucestershire 1 vol., Hants I vol., 
Herts 2 vols , Huntingdonshire I vol., Kent 2 vols., Lancashire 1 vol., Lincolnshire 
5 vols., Middlesex 4 vols., Middlesex Westminster 10 vols., Middlesex London 12 
vols., Middlesex Private Chapels 1 vol., Norfolk 2 vols., Northants 2 vols., North- 
umberland 1 vol., Notts 2 vols., Oxfordshire, 3 vols., Oxfordshire Oxford City 5 
vols., Shropshire I vol., Somerset 3 vols., Staffordshire 1 vol., Suffolk 1 vol., Sur- 
rey 4 vols., Sussex 2 vols., Warwickshire 1 vol., Wilts. 1 vol., Worcestershire 1 
vol., Yorkshire 2 vols. Total, 87 vols. 

II. A complete series of all the Matriculation's at the University of Oxford 
from the commencement in 1567 to 1869, beautifully written. Seven enormous folio 
volumes, viz. : Vol. 1. — A.D. 1567 to 1580; with Index. [Mem. The information 
given at this time was very scant.] Vols. 2 .to 4. — A.D. 1581 to 1714. Vols. 5 
to 7. — A.D. 1715 to 1869. The names arranged in strict alphabetical order. These 
entries (about 95,000 in number) show for the most part, not only the College, the 
age and birthplace of the person who matriculated, but also the name and descrip- 
tion of his father. 

HI. Complete list of Entrances at Gray's Inx. 1581 to 1781. arranged chrono- 
logically, showing in most instances the name and description of the father of the 
student. Barristers, 1657 to 1865, &q. One thick quarto volume, nicely written. 

IV. Marriage Licences. Five folio volumes, of about 400 pages each, nicely 
written and carefully indexed, from the following offices, viz : The Bishop of Lon- 
don's Office, 1521 to 1S28. Also the Dean and Chapter of Westminster's Office (all 
taken), 1559 to 1699. 3 vols. Faculty Office of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1543 to 
1569, 1 vol. Vicar-General's Office of the Archbishop of Canterbury, 1660 to 1679, 

1 vol. 

V. Abstract of Wills and Admons, 9 vols, (one only partially filled), one vol. 
of noble admons from C. P. O. In all 10 vols. Index to testators only. 

VI. Pedigrees, 2 vols, (one only partially filled), entitled " Chaos." Pedigrees, 

2 vols. Tone only partially filled), from. Candler's Suffolk Collection. Pedigrees, I 
vol. (only partially filled;, relating to Westminster Abbey. 

VII. Pedigrees and miscellaneous matters (unindexed), 9 vols, folio, of which 
eight are devoted to the following families, viz. : Adams, Chester, Hutchinson, 
Rogers, Taylor, Washington, Wentworth, Whitmore ; the others being miscel- 

VIII. Tabular Pedigrees, printed and MSS., arranged in boxes under the first 
letter of the principal degree. 

IX. Four enormous volumes, full of miscellaneous collections as to the family 
of Rogers. 


Works of Col. Chester. 

1. Greenwood Cemetery and other Poems. New York and Boston, 1843. 12 mo. 
pp. 132. 

2. A Preliminary Treatise on the Law of Repulsion as a Universal Law of Na- 
ture. Philadelphia, 1853. 8vo..pp. 64. 

3. Educational Laws of Virginia. . The Personal Narrative of Mrs. Margaret 
Douglass, a Southern Woman, who was imprisoned for one month in the Common 
Jail of Norfolk, under the Laws of Virginia, for the crime of teaching Free Colored 
Children to read. Boston and Cleveland, 1854. 12mo. pp. 65. 

4. John Rogers : the Compiler of the First Authorized English Bible; the Pio- 
neer of the English Reformation and its First Martyr. Embracing a Genealogical 
Account of his Family, biographical sketches of some of his Principal Descendants, 
his own Writings, etc. etc. London, 1861. 8vo. pp. xii.-f-452. 

5. Notes on the Ancestry of William Hutchinson and Anne Marbury. From Re- 
searches recently made in England. Boston. Sui. 4to. pp. 24. 

Reprint of an article in the Register for October, 1866. 

1884.] Colonel Chester. 19 

6. A Preliminary Investigation of the Alleged Ancestry of George "Washington, 
First President of the United States of America ; exposing a Serious Error in the 
Existing Pedigree. Boston. 1866. 8vo. pp. 23. 

This is a reprint from the Heraldic Journal for October, 1866, where it was 
printed from advance sheets of the London Herald and Genealogist for January, 
1867. It was also printed in the Register for January, 1867, and in pamphlet form 
in London. 8vo. pp. 15. 

7. A Genealogical Memoir of the Wentworth Family of England, from its Sax- 
on origin in theEleventh Century to the Emigration of one of its Representatives 
to New England about the year 1636. Boston, 1868. 8vo. pp. 20. 

This is a reprint, with pagination unchanged, of an article in the Register for 
April, 1868. 

8. An Official Inaccuracy respecting the Death and Burial of the Princess Mary, 
daughter of Kin* James I. Read at a meeting of the Historical Society of Great 
Britain, June 12, 1871. London, 1871. 8vo. pp. 8. 

Reprinted from the first volume of the Transactions of the Historical Society. 

9. The Marriage, Baptismal and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or 
Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster. London, 1876. (Editor.) Royal 8vo. pp. xiii.-f- 

This is the tenth volume of the Publications of the Harleian Society. 

10. The Reiester Booke of Saynte De'nis Backchurch parishe (City of London) 
for Maryages. Christenynges and Buryalles, Begynnynge in the Yeare of o r Lord 
God 1538. (Editor.) London, 1878. Royal 8vo pp. viii.-}-369. 

The third volume of the Register Section of the Publications of the Harleian 

11. Herbert Pelham ; his Ancestors and Descendants. Boston, 1879. 8vo. pp. 11. 
Reprinted from the Register for July, 1879. 

12. The Parish Registers of St. Mary Aldermary, London, containing the Mar- 
riages, Baptisms and Burials from 1558 to 1754. (Editor.) London, 1880. Royal 
8vo. pp. vi.-f-277. 

The fifth volume of the Register Section of the Publications of the Harleian 

13. The Parish Registers of St. Thomas the Apostle, London, containing Mar- 
riages, Baptisms and Burials from 1558 to 1754. (Editor.) London, 1881. Royal 
8vo. pp. vi. -4-190. 

The sixth volume of the Register Section of the Publications of the Harleian 

14. The Family of Dummer. Boston, 1881. 8vo. pp. 29. 
Reprinted from the Register for July and October, 1881. 

15. The Parish Registers of St. Michael, Cornhill. London, containing the Mar- 
riages, Baptisms and Burials from 1516 to 1754. (Editor in part.) London, 1882. 
Royal 8vo. pp. viii.-f-348. 

This is the seventh volume of the Register Section of the Publications of the Har- 
leian Society. Col. Chester died while the book wan in press, and his work was 
completed by other hands. A notice of Col. C. is prefixed to the volume. 

He also assisted Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D., F.S A., in editing the fifteenth 
volume of the Publications of the Harleian Society, viz. : 

The Visitation of London, Anno Domini 1633. 1634 and 1635. Made by S r Hen- 
ry S' George, K c , Richmond Herald, and Deputy Marshall to S r Richard S f George, 
K', Ciarencieux King of Armes. London, 1880. Royal 8vo. pp. vi.+434. 

Col. Chester x s Contributions to the Register. 

1. The Rogers Genealogy and the Candler Manuscript. January, 1863, vol. xvii. 
p. 43. 

•2. The Rogers Family. Wills of the Revs. Richard and John Rogers. October, 
1863, vol. xvii. p. 326. 

3. Genealogical Waifs. January, 1864, vol. xviii. p. 81 ; July, 1877, vol. xxxi. 
p. 323. 

4. The Hutchinson Family of England and New England, and its connection with 
the Marburys and Drydens. October, 1866, vol. xx. p. 355. See Works, No. 5. 

20 Colonel Chester. [Jan. 

5. Rev. John Wheelwright. October, 1867, vol. xxi. p. 363. 

6. Rev. John Wheelwright's Wife. January, 1863, vol. xxii. p. 83. 

7. A Genealogical Memoir of the "Wentworth Family of England, from its Saxon 
Origin in the Eleventh Century to the Emigration of one of its Representatives to 
New England about the Year 1636. April, 1868, vol. xxii. p. 120. See Works, 
No. 7. 

8. Genealogy of the Hutchinsons of Salem. July, 1868, vol. xxii. p. 236. 

9. Herbert Pelhaui and his Ancestors and Descendants. July, 1879, vol. xxxiii. 
pp. 285 and 355. See Works, No. 11 . 

10. Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. April, 1881, 
vol. xxxv. p. 200. 

11. The Family of Dummer. July and October, 1881, vol. xxxv. pp.254 and 
321. See Works, No. 14. 

Col. Chester's Contributions to other Periodicals. 

Transaction's of the Historical (now Roval Htstorical) Societv. — An Official 
Inaccuracy respecting the Death and Burial of the Princess Mary (1872, vol. i. p. 
344). See Works, No. 8. 

Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. — Some Particulars re- 
specting the Family of Major Andre (Marco, 137B, vol. xiv. p. 217). 

The Athesjsum, London. — Milton's Mjther (Nov. 17, 1868). 

The Academy, London. — Original Lists of Persons of Qaality, Emigrants, &c. 
(Oct. 24, 1874). This is a review of John Camden Hotton*s book. It was reprint- 
ed in the Boston Evening Transcript, Nov. 9, 1874. 

Hotton's Original Lists (Nov. 7, 1874). Another article on Hotton's book, re- 
printed in the Transcript, Nov. 20, 1874. 

The Life of Benedict Arnold (Jan. 31, 18S0). This is a review of Lsaac N. Ar- 
nold's memoir of Gen. Arnold. 

Notes and Queries, London. — Bridget Cromwell (Dec. 26, 1868). 
George Washington and Rev. Jonathan Boucher (Jan. 19, 1878). Besides nu- 
merous shorter articles in the various issues. 

Note. — 1 am aware that this is a very imperfect list. 

Memoirs and Biographical Sketches of Col. Chester. — 1. Memoir by John J. 
Latting in New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, October, 1882. Re- 
printed as a pamphlet, 8vo., New York, 1882, pp. 10. 2. Memoir by George W. 
Marshall, LL.D., F.6.A., in The Genealogist , October, 1882. 3. Memoir in The 
Biograph and Review, May, 1881. 4. Memoir in Colburn's New Monthly Magazine, 
June, 1881. (Note. This is the same as No. 3 with a single new paragraph insert- 
ed.) 5. Sketch by J. W. Dean in Duyckinck's " Cyclopaedia of American Litera- 
ture," ed. 186R, supplement, p. 88; ed. 1875, vol. ii. p 447. 6. Sketch in Parish 
Registers of St. Michael. See Works No. 14. 7. Obituary in the Boston Eve- 
ning Transcript, June 1, 1882. 8 Obituary in the London Athenaeum, June 3, 
1882. 9. Obituary in the London Academy, June 3, 1832. 10. Obituary in the 
Register, October, 1882. 

Letters used as Authorities, besides those cited. — From John J. Latting, New 
York, Dec. 1, 4, 22, 24, 26, 27, 29 and 30, I8S3 ; Rev. Albert T. Chester, of Buffa- 
lo, Nov. 19 and 28, Dec. 17 and 25, 1883; Dr. Benson J. Losing, of Dover Plains, 
Dec. 15, 1882, Jan. 8, Nov. 23, Dec. 22, 1883 ; Charles Hervey Townshend, New 
Haven, July 18, 1682 ; George E.Cokayne, M.A., F.S.A., of London, Norroy Kin^ 
of Arms, July i5, Aug. 1 and 24, 1882; F. Kinsman, Warren, Ohio, Dec. 5 and 
13, 1883; Thompson \Vestcott, Philadelphia, Dec. 10, 1883; William W. Harding, 
pablisher of the Inquirer, Philadelphia, to T. Westcotf, Dec. 3, 1883 ; B. Beedham, 
Oct. 29, 1883. 

I would return thanks to the gentlemen who have furnished me information 
used in this memoir, particularly to John J. Latting, Esq., Rev. Albert T. Cheater, 
D.D., and Benson J. Lossing, LL.D. 

1884.] Edward Winslow, 21 


Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 

BELKNAP and other historical writers have duly placed on record all 
the particular and noteworthy passages in the life of Edward Wins- 
low in New England, from the time of his arrival there in 1620 to his final 
return to England in 1646, where he acted as the efficient agent and com- 
missioner of the new colony. In London he was instrumental in founding, 
in 1648, the "Society for the Promoting and Propagating the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ in New England," under the presidency of Judge William 
Steele, and was one of the fourteen assistants or governing bodv of the as- 
sociation, which was chartered in 1649. He was one of the most active 
members of this body, and it would appear that he undertook, besides other 
work for it, the supervision of the business of collecting and investing the 
funds of the society. " The Earl of Warwick, May 30, 1648, commendiug 
to Lord Denbigh his favour (he himself being called to sea, by the Command 
of the Parliament), M r Winslow, agent for New England who 'hath some 
business with the Committee for ffouraigne plantac'ons that have long at- 
tended a dispatch. They doe all concerne severall societies of our owne 
countrymen there, who may justly challenge very much respect and one of 
them hath a more speciall relation to the advancement of religion amongst 
the native Indians.' " That the society was prosperous, and that its funds 
had been invested in a judicious manner, Edward Randolph bears ample 
testimony when he states in 1684 "that there was formerly belonging to 
this Company 800 or 1000£ per annum as I have been credibly informed." 

On November 22d, 1650, "humble proposals of several Barbadeans, 
who were dissatisfied with the rule of Francis, Lord Willoughby," were ad- 
dressed to the Protector. The address states that " it is desired that the 
Government may be established in the hands of Edward Winslow, a per- 
son of approved fidelity to this Commonwealth." 

September 30, 1651, ordered in Council that "One hundred Narratives 
of the battle of Worcester and acts for a day of thanksgiving to be de- 
livered to Edward Winslow that he may send them to New England." 

On the 25th January, 1654, he was appointed one of the commissioners 
" for compounding for advance of money and indemnity," and was also one 
of the commissioners for managing estates under sequestration, from 24 June 
to December 19th, 1654, " when he left that employment" by reason of 
his acceptance of a joint commission to proceed to the West Indies with 
Admiral William Penn aud General Robert Venables. Cromwell, who 
had often expressed a tender regard and concern for the welfare of the New 
England settlers, had been for some time considering of a plan whereby he 
might effectually mitigate their many trials and hardships by inducing a 
numerous body of them to emigrate to a more congenial climate and fertile 
soil. He had fixed his mind upon the Island of Hispaniola, of which St. 
Domingo was the capital. For the selection of this island for his design he 
had been mainly influenced by the representations of one Thomas Gage, 

• This article was written as an introduction to the Winslow letters published in the last 
number of the Reoistee, bat the manuscript reached us too late for insertion in that num- 
ber. — Editor. 


22 Edward Winslow. [Jan. 

who had, in 1648, addressed to the Protector a paper he called "Some 
briefe and true observations concerning the West Indies, &c." He was the 
son of John Gage of Hayling, Surrey, brother to Sir Henry Gage, gover- 
nor of Oxford, killed at Culham Bridge January 11, 1644. His parents 
were Catholics. He weut to Spain in 1612, where he joined the order of 
Dominicans. In 1625 he went to the Spanish Possessions in America and 
the West Indies, and returned to England after an absence of twenty-four 
years. He found his father dead and himself disinherited. He turned 
Protestant, joined the Parliamentarians, and was presented (Hasted says) 
to the living of Acrise Kent. He no doubt exchanged this for Deal, for 
here he buried both his wife Mary and daughter of the same name, the for- 
mer in 1652. He was also chaplain to Lord Fairfax. He wrote an ac- 
count of his wanderings in America: "The English-american his Travaile 
by sea and land, or a New Survey of y e West Indies, &c. &c." 

This design of the New Eugland emigration Cromwell opened to Cap- 
tain John Astwood, when he was over on a visit to England early in 1654. 
William Leete, writing to his friend Samuel Disbrowe in October, 1654, 
says, t; Captain Astwood writes that he had admittance to speak with his 
highnes, who Expressed his tender respect of New England and thought- 
ful nes which way to doe them good, but said with all, that the landes in Ire- 
land were disposed to y e souldyers and adventurers, & c , so that nothing 
there could be done, nor can the dutch be removed unlesse by composition, 
since the peace with holland (being prevented as by speciall providence to 
be done before) as in my last I touched upon. But Captain writes that my 
Lord asked him whether it would not be better that New England were 
removed to some place where they might have Cittyes ready builded and 
land ready tilTd and where stable Comodityes might be raised thair, either 
to remove the dutch or plant in delaware, the place he hinted it seemes was 
Hispaniola, but Cap' Astwood answered, at present he thought that they 
would rather chuse the nearer and probably more peaceable though the poorer 
than be removed farther with more hazard to loose peace and gain riches. 
The answer was true for the main so farre as it went, but we apprehend 
somewhat more should have beene addressed, as we have inserted in a let- 
ter from our Generall Court to y e Protector this year viz* That whatever 
we might upon selfe respect chuse, yet wee are free in adherence & com- 
plyance with his highnes and our godly native Cuntrymen to be removed 
to any place wither the lord our god call, where wee may but carry on 
Christs worke under our handes and provide necessary Comforts for us and 
ours. The Captain saith my Lord wished him to Consider further of the 
matter and come to him againe, when (I hope) he will bethink himselfe of 
an answer that may shut up no doore of Providence towards us without first 
acquainting us that so the positive answer may immediately proceed from 
ourselves ; ffor the present I perceive the Cuntry doe most desire to keep 
themselves in y e most apt, waiting posture which may suit any further dis- 
covery of gods minde and will concerning them whatsoever, or whereso- 
ever, onely attending the present duty of the day or yeare which frame 
cannot change but be somewhat detrimenting to settlement here, if so should 
prove to be our way after all, yet for my part, I thiuk if many had knockt 
in lesse stakes into rocky, sandy parts of this wildernes it might better have 
suited a wildernes state in its infancy especially."* 

• Extract from William Leet's letter in the MS. " Some additional Notes on the Leat or 
Leete Family," to appear in a future numl>er of the Reqibter. 

1884.] Edward Winslow. 23 

By the end of 1654 Cromwell had matured his plans and made every- 
thing ready for despatching an expedition to the West Indies, with a view 
to obtaining possession of St. Domingo, the capital of the Island of Hispan- 
iola, and making it ready for the reception of the proposed New England 
emigration. Edward Winslow and two other commissioners were appoint- 
ed by Cromwell to go out with the expedition having this object in view, 
whilst Captain Daniel Gookin was to be sent to New England to induce 
the New Englanders to emigrate. The salary of Winslow was fixed at 
£1000 per annum, " and his Highness to be requested to order 500£ to be 
advanced to him." Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables 
sailed from Portsmouth 27 December, 1654, for Hispaniola, with sealed 
orders as to their destination, to be opened at a prefixed time. They were 
to take St. Domingo, the capital of the Island. Rapin says, " Cromwell's 
instructions were so particular and circumstantial that they appeared to be 
drawn by men thoroughly acquainted with the country." Availing himself 
of Thomas Gage's accurate and extensive knowledge of the island, Crom- 
well appointed him chaplain to the expedition, and gave orders on the 19th 
December (1654), "to provide a frigate to convey M r Gage, minister of 
Deal, Kent, to Portsmouth." Edward Winslow, who was on most friendly 
terms with Secretary John Thurloe, wrote to him on the eve of his depar- 
ture from Portsmouth, and again on touching at Barbadoes, March 1 6th : 
" I told you, how easily that soare was cured between Venables and Penu 
whose demeanour mutually towards each other at sea was sweet and hope- 
full, but the last of these two gentlemen is too apt to be taken with such 
conceipts, but I trust all will be well ; onely I feare, that going hence with- 
out our stores some occasion will arise of disturbance between the land & 
sea forces. The Lord god prevent it, in much mercy. I onely speake my 
fears, but shall endeavour against it with all mv might." 

The expedition had 30 ships and 5000 land forces under Venables, which 
were if possible to be augmented at Barbadoes by the aid of the influential 
planters, particularly Colonel Lewis Morris. This Col. Morris afterwards 
joined the Quakers, and became an eminent and much esteemed member of 
that body. Penn arrived at Barbadoes 29th of January, 1654-5. On the 
16th of March Winslow wrote to Thurloe that "the reason wherefore Col. 
Lewis Morris will not goe with us, is, because he hath so lovely an estate 
which he fears may be seized for some other debts after he is gone. At first 
he told us, he hoped we would forgive him a small debt he owed the state 
in regard of former good services he had done them and losses sustained 
for them. To this we seemed willing, provided he went freely, knowing 
how necessary an instrument he might prove. This we found to be 26,900 
weight of sugar. Afterwards he told us in plaine terms, if we would give 
him an 100.000 weight of sugar, that so he might pay his debts and leave 
his estate cleare to his wife, then Lewis Morris would spend his blood for 
us. We told him it was beyond our Commission, and General Venables 
told him, if he should offer up his Commission he durst not accept it, be- 
cause it was sent by his highness, who expected so much service from him, 
besides what he demanded was as much as all the field officers of the army 
had, and it would make them thinke they were very much under-valued. 
After all this, he came to me and said, there was another way whereby we 
might enable him to goe with us and presst me to move it to General Ve- 
nables and the rest viz' — the people of this Island (Barbadoes) saith he, 
never look for pay for their quartering the soldiers. Now if we would be- 
stow that on him, it would serve his turue. This I told him I would move, 

24 Edward Winslow. [Jan. 

at his request, but was sure that the General and Commissioners more 
prized their honour than to do it. So this we rejected also, and the truth is, 
he confesseth he never was where we intend first to pitch and sett downe, 
so at last he told us, he would conceale his intention and march his men on 
board the ships, for which we gave him thankes,but all these things are pri- 
vate as yet, but the Commissioners of the prize office have Summoned him 
to pay in his debts to the State, or shew cause. The truth is he prizeth 
himself at so high a rate, as if the Expedition could not goe on without 
him, which made some of us in a loving way tell him, we should be glad of so 
Experienced an instrument as he was but withall let him knowe, our trust 
and relyance was not on him, but on God, and if the Lord would be pleased 
to use us as instruments in his right hand and owne us as such, which we 
hoped he would, we doubted not but we should be able to give a good ac- 
count of our proceedings ; and thus stands the case betwixt him and us." 

It is very apparent the three commissioners were much over worked. 
"Winslow writes that " Our want of more commissioners is very great." 
.... "I beseech you consider the place we intend by God's blessing to 
settle upon, the many townes built upon it, besides the many citties and 
each must be quitted and resettled by us and truly how to doe lesse than 
settle a minister in each I know not, only entreate my Lord to remember 
that the settlement of the protestant religion is one of the grounds he goeth 
upon." At Barbadoes the strength of the troops was increased from 5000 
to 9000, besides two troops of horse raised upon the island. Having thus 
refitted, they sailed, March 30th, for Hispaniola. Again following Rapin, 
"At the approach of the English fleet the Spaniards abandoned St. Domin- 
go. Venables, instead of lauding his troops, as per instructions, within a 
mile of the place, disembarked them ten leagues more westward. The 
inhabitants had thus time to put themselves in a posture of defence. The 
English, when they approached Domingo, were so fatigued by a long 
march, by the excessive heat, by hunger and thirst, they were easily re- 
pulsed." Thus baffled they again sailed and seized Jamaica on the 17th of 
May. Penn and Venables left some troops upon the island and returned 
to England. Ex-Secretary Edward Nicholas, writing to a correspondent 
from Cologne, Oct. 19-29, says, "The 2000 or 3000 troops left by Penn, 
came to the Barbadoes when Penn left Jamaica," and thinks none now re- 
main at the latter place."* 

Edward Winslow died in the passage between Hispaniola and Jamaica, 
and was buried at sea. William Dugdale (afterwards Sir William), writ- 
ing to John Langley at Trentham, October 9, 1655, says : " Winslow 
(a Committeeman of Haberdasher's Hall) died in the return from Hispani- 
ola. I hear he raved much of Haberdasher's Hall, in his sickness." .... 
"April 18 th 1G5G. Representation of Susanna, relict of Edward Winslow 
and Josiah his son and Executor, to the Lord Protector and Council. — Her 
husband was appointed on December 12 th 1654 one of the Commissioners 
in the Expedition with Gen 1 Venables to the West Indies with a salary of 
1000£ per annum, 500£ of which was advanced to him, but he died on his 
voyage 8 May, 1655, and left debts to upwards of 500£. Prays notwith- 
standing he died before the year expired, that the remaining 5()u£ may be 
paid to satisfy the creditors." Referred by Cromwell to Council. 

• Oklmixon states the " 3000 men left on the Island of Jamaica were afterwards rein- 
forced by Major Sedgwick with over a thousand men and a regiment under Col. Hum- 
phreys, 1000 men from Ireland under Col. Brayne, and followed by 1500 more under Col. 
Moor. Major Sedgwick died in the West Indies." 

1884.] Edward Winslow. 25 

"When the expedition sailed from Portsmouth, Admiral Blake had pro- 
ceeded to the Mediterranean to suppress some pirates there. Meanwhile 
.Capt._ Daniel Gookin had landed at Boston, New England, January 20, 
1654-5, on his mission. He visited the settled parts far and wide, freely dis- 
tributed his little printed fly-sheets, inviting emigration to Jamaica, but his 
project received but scant encouragement. He remained through 1655, 1656, 
and on June 20, 1657, wrote to Secretary Thurloe, asking to be recalled. Af- 
ter the English troops were beaten in Hispaniola, Thomas Gage collected 
them together and preached to them a sermon, taking as his text, Joshua, 
chapter 7, verse 7. He either died in Jamaica, or shortly after the return of 
the expedition to England, for on " July 18, 1656, Mary, widow of Tho- 
mas Gage, Chaplain, applied to the Navv Commissioners for his arrears of 

September 20, 1655, Council of State. "His Highness acquainting 
Council that Gen 1 Rob 1 Veuables attended at the door, he was called in. 
Order, to advise that he be committed to the Tower." Like order to ad- 
vise that General William Penn be committed to the Tower & approved 
by the Protector. 

Nicholas, writing October 2-12. says: "I do not doubt Cromwell would 
not proceed against Penn & Venables as he has done without the seeming 
concurrence of the Colonels of the armv & his Council. He has committed 
them & may try them for their lives to vindicate his wisdom, that it may 
not be thought he failed in laying that design, but they in Executing it. If 
_ Blake should, on Cromwell's rough usages of Penn & Venable, Consider 

before he puts himself in such a tyrant's power, it may much prejudice the 
arch villain" (Cromwell). And under date October 19-29, he writes: 
" Blake being in the Downs, is afraid to go ashore, lest he should have the 
same usage as Penn & Venables." October 30, 1655. Council. Order, 
on petition " of Rob' Venables and his acknowledgment and submission 
therein contained, to advise of his release from the Tower, & that he give 
up his Commission as General & his Command in Ireland. The warrant 
for his release to be acted on as soon as he delivers them to M r Jessop." 
Approved October 30. October 31st. " Order on a letter from Gen 1 Ve- 
nables taking notice that he had seen Councils vote of yesterday concern- 
ing his enlargement & is ready to deliver his Genl'* Commission & to give 
a resignation of his Irish Command, only he has not his Commission with 
him — that, on his delivery to Jessop of his Commis 11 as Gen 1 & a resigna- 
tion in writing of his comm d in Irel d , with a promise to deliver the comm 11 
when he can get it, the Warrant for his liberation be executed." 

Petition of William Penn to the Protector, October 25th. " Being hon- 
oured with the Command of the Fleet in the late American Exped tn I re- 
turned home without leave for which I have incurred y r displeasure & this 
is more displeasing to me than any worldly cross. My heart bears me wit- 
ness that my returu was not through refractoriness against superiors but for 
advancement of the service in {riving an acco' of what would not otherwise 
be represented. And was at first willing to part with all that was dear 
to me to help forward this Christian desigu. I would rather never have 
gone if I thought my return would have made it less hopeful. I beg re- 
lease from restraint, on acco* of my family & my increasing distemper. It 
is the infirmity of man to err, but the virtue of a prince to pardon error." 
October 2o. " Order in Council — on a petition of William Penn, prisoner 
in the Tower, in consideration of his acknowledgment of his fault and sub- 
mission therein, to advise a Warrant to the Lieutenant for his liberation, on 

26 Thacher's Record of Marriages at Milton. [Jan. 

his giving up to M r Jessop his Commission as a General of the fleet, and 
note by Jessop of his giving up the Commission, whereon the Warrant for 
his release was issued." 

Dugdale to Langley, October 9, 1655. " We talk high here of sending 
another Armada to conquer Hispaniola, notwithstanding this ill success. It 
seems our superiors are not pleased that so much of these matters should 
be communicated by the Press. I send you by the carrier, a journal of our 
late Exped^ to Hispaniola, which may not abide the light here." 



Communicated by Edward Doubleday Harris, Esq., of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

[Concluded from voL xxxvi. page 304.] 

Nov. 17, 1709. M r Thomas Spur of Dorchester was maried to m" 
Elizabeth Kinsley of Milton. 

Dec. 19, 1710. Simes Langley was maried to Elizabeth Long both of 

May 23, 1711. m r Samuel Bass of Boston was married to m n Ruth 
Hayden of Milton. 

June 12, 1711. Preserued Lion was maried Joanna Vose both Milton. 

June 21, 1711. Joseph Ganzy was maried to Elizabeth Badcock. 

Dec. 24, 1712. Timothy Crehore of Milton & Mary Triscol of Dor- 
chester were maried. 

Dec. 25, 1712. John Sawin of Sherborne was maried to Johanna Lyon 
of Milton. 

May 28, 1713. m r John Chickley was Maried to m™ Rebecca Miller 
of Milton. 

June 24, 1713. m r Jones was Maried to m" Elizabeth Rider. 

June 23, 1713. James Bagley was maried to Jane Pierce, y e One Brain- 
try the other viz: y e woman of Milton. 

July 3, 1713. John Death of Sherborn was maried to waitstill Vose of 

Nov. 12, 1713. m r Samuel French of Braintry, was maried to m™ Eliz- 
abeth Clap of Milton. 

May 6, 1714. Mathew Adgelton was maried to Ruth Newton both of 

May 6, 1714. John Dickerman was maried to Mary Tucker both of 

Feb. 10, 1713-4. Son Oxenbridge Thacher was maried to m™ Eliza- 
beth Lilly. 

May 20, 1714. Recompence Wads worth was Maried to Sarah Moore 
both of Milton. 

Jan. 12, 1714-5. BeDJamine Jewet of Ipswich & Reforme Triscot of 
Milton were married Each to other. 

July 14, 1715. George Badcock was marrid to Hannah Daniel, both of 

Nov. 18, 1715. Ezra Clap & Waitstill Tucker both of Milton were 
joyned together in a mariage Covenant y a Evening after y e Thanksgiuing 
w c was y e 17 day. 


1884.] Thacher s Record of Marriages at Milton. 27 

Feb. 8, 1715. Samuel Tapley of Dorchester was married to Hannah 
Triscot of Milton. 

June 1716. Thomas Blunt was married to Hannah Momantaog both 
of Milton. 

July 16, 1716. Sambo a negro servant of m r Brightman of Boston & Ha- 
gar my woman servant was maried. 

Aug st 16, 1716. m r Nehemiah Clap was married to m" Lidea Tucker 
both of Milton. 

Aug 8 ' 30, 1716. m r Stephen Tucker was married to m" Hannah Bel- 
cher both of Milton. 

Nov. 21, 1716. m r Manasseh Tucker Juni r was married to Hannah Shep- 
erd both of Milton. 

March 28, 1717. John Gulliver was maried to Lidea Gulliver both of 

Octo. 1, 1717. Georg Hunter was Maried to Betty Nateant, both[ of 

Jan. 15, 1717-8. Samuel Fuller of Deadbam was maried to Elizabeth 
Craine of Milton. 

February 6, 1717-8. Jason Williams of Charlstowne was maried to 
Mary Sheperd of Milton. 

March 24, 1718. m r William Mountgomery of Roussick was maried to 
Elizebeth Harsey of Milton. 

May 26, 1718. William Thomas was maried to Sarah Pocock both of 
Milton when published. 

June 4, 1718. M r Samuel Wadsworth was Maried to m n Ann Withing- 
ton, both of Milton. 

Aug 8t 6, 1718. Joseph Warrick & Haunah Blunt both of Milton (In- 
. dians) were maried by Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Nov. 20, 1718. John Spear of Brantry was Maried to Anne Peirce of 
Milton by Peter Thacher of Milton. 

Feb. 20, 1718-9. Joshua Mohu was Maried to Sarah Momuntaog both 


of Milton by Peter Thacher Past r . 

Octo. 22, 1719. m r Ephraim Tucker was Maried to m n Mary Sumner 
both of Milton by Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Feb. 4, 1719-20. m r Ebenezar Clap was Maried to m" Abigail Belcher 
both of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

March 24, 1720. m r John Marshall of Braintry was maried to m™ Eliz- 
abeth Gulliver of Milton p. P. Thacher Past 1 ". 

April 21, 1720. Thomas Heren of Deadham was maried to Sarah Tuck- 
er of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Milton, Nov. 14, 1720. Noah Daman of Dorchester was married to m n 
Sarah Dickerman of Milton p Peter Thacher Past r . 

July 20, 1721. John Pitcher was maried to m" Hannah Tucker both of 
Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor at Deacon Tuckers her father. 

Sep r 14, 1721. m r Robert Vose was married to m" Abigail Sumner 
both of Milton p me Peter Thacher Past r . 

Octo. 25, 1721. John Stimson & Mary Wadsworth (Deacon Ebenezar 
Wadsworth's Daughter) both of Miltou were maried By Peter Thacher 

Milton, Feb. 8. 1721-2. Nathaneel Vose & Rachel Bent both of Mil- 
ton were Maried By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Milton Feb. 23, 1721-2. Robert Lochridg was maried to Hanna Clark 
both of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

28 Thacher s Record of Marriages at Milton, [Jan. 

Milton, March 9, 1721-2. Moses Heiden was married to Jain Hunt 
both of Milton by rue Peter Thacher Past'. 

May 3, 1722. Robert Carter Cowel of Boston was maried to Jane 
Vose of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

May 10, 1722. Isaac Adams of Sherborn was maried to Martha Vose of 
Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

May 24, 1722. Robert Anderson was maried to Abigail Bagley both of 
Milton By Peter Thacher Past r . 

Aug" 14, 1722. John Kelton was maried to Sarah Badcock both of 
Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Sep r 27, 1722. Ebenezar Houghton of Milton was maried to Sarah 
Evans of Dorchester Bv Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 27, 1722. Benjamine Crane was maried to Abigail Houghton both 
of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

January 3, 1722-3. m r Stephen Winchester of Brockline & m" Hannah 
Gulliver of Milton were maried in Milton bv Peter Thacher Pastor. 

March 26, 1723. Andrew M cc Kee and Jerusha Vose both of Milton 
were maried By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

May 30, 1723. m r William Lackey of Boston was maried to m" Sarah 
Woodey of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

June 20, 1723. m r Benjamine Fenno & m" Abigail Wadsworth both of 
Milton were maried by Peter Thacher Pastor. 

July 5, 1723. m r Seth Gulliver & Thankfull Trot both of Milton were 
maried in Milton By me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Nov. 14, 1723. m r Joshua Havward of Braintree & m" Elizabeth Niles 
of Milton were maried in Milton By me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Nov. 2C), 1723. m r James Endicot of Dorchester & m" Hester Clap of 
Milton were maried in Milton By me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 26, 1723. m r George Sumner Juni r & m" Susanna Clap both of 
Milton were maried in Milton by Peter Thacher Past r . 

Feb. 13, 1723-4. Joseph Bent was maried to Martha Houghton both 
of Milton By me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Feb. 25, 1723-4. Benjamine Baxter was maried to Abigail Beal both 
of Braintry By P. T. 

April 9, 1724. Simon Blake & Hannah Badcock both of Milton were 
Maried in Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

April 30, 1724. Robert Swan of Dorchester & Mary Craine of Mil- 
ton were Maried in Miltou By me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

July 1, 1724. m r John Crehore of Milton & m" Mehitable Billings of 
Dorchester were maried in Milton by Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Octo. 26, 1724. Robert Miller of Volentowu & Jean Patesou of Milton 
were maried in Miltou By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

March 10, 1724-25. Cap 1 John Billing of Dorchester & m n Mary Vose 
of Milton were Maried in Milton Bv me P. Thacher Past 1 ". 

Miltou, March 10, 1724-5. m r Roger Sumner & m™ Sarah Badcock 
both o! Milton were Maried by me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

May 6, 1725. m r Moses Billings of Dorchester & m" Miriam Vose of 
Milton were maried by me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

May 26, 1725. m r Timothy Tolman of Dorchester & m" Elizabeth 
Wadsworth of Milton were maried by me P. T. 

June 10, 1725. m r John Davenport of Dorchester & m" Mary Bent of 
Milton were maried In Milton By me P. T. 

Sep r 16, 1725. m r David Vose & m n Mehetable Miller both of Milton 
were maried in Milton By me P. T. pastor. 

1884.] The Family of Gov. Theophilus Eaton. 29 

Dec. 1, 1725. m r David Copland of Bridgwater was maried to m™ 
Elizabeth Bent of Milton by me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 9, 1725. M r Samuel Kinsley was maried to m rs Mary Gulliver 
both of Milton by me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 30, 1725. m r Edward Adam Junior was maried to Deliverance 
Trot both of Milton bv me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Milton, March 31, 1726. m r Penuel Demiug of Pomfret was Maried to 
m re Ann Sumner of Milton By Me P. T. Pastor. 

Milton, July 15, 1726. m r Amos "Wadland of Boston was Maried to 
m" Jemima Fenno of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Nov. 24, 1726. m T JNathanael Stearns of Plainfeild was maried to m" 
Anna Blake of Milton by Peter T. Pastor. 

Dec. 8, 1726. m r Joseph Fenno of Dorchester was maried to m™ Sarah 
White of Milton By Me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 14, 1726. m r James Leonard of Taunton was maried to m" Lidea 
Gulliver of Milton By me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 15, 1726. M r John Fenno Juui r of Dorchester wa3 maried to m r * 
Hannah Billing of Milton Bv Me Peter Thacher Pastor. 

Dec. 15, 1726. m r James Meares of Roxbury was maried to m" Mehit- 
abel Danvenport by P. T. 

February 9, 1726-7. m r Joseph Hunt was Maried to m™ Esther Searle 
both of Milton bv P. T. 

Feb. 17, 1726-7. m r Eliashib Faxson of Braintry was Maried to m" 
Elizabeth Crane of Milton by P. T. Pastor. 

March 2, 1726-7. Thomas White was maried to Rachel Horton both 
Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

March 30, 1727. m r John Ireland of Charlestown was maried to m" 
Sarah Shepard of Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 

April 4, 1727. m r Justus Soper & m T * Susanna Sumner both] of Milton 
were maried at Milton By P. T. Pastor. 

Sep r 6, 1727. Henry Crane & Mellatiah Vose both of Milton were ma- 
ried In Milton By Peter Thacher Pastor. 



By Prof. Franklix B. Dexter, A.M., of Yale College, New Haven, Ct. 

N 1878 the late Col. Chester, in reply to some inquiries respect- 
ing the English origin of Governor Theophilus Eaton, of New 
Haven, wrote from London as follows : 

" I have paid no special attention to Governor Eaton's pedigree, 
i. e., I have not gone into it systematically ; but I am able to settle 
the question of his parentage, viz., that he was the son of the Rev. 
Richard Eaton. I have long had among my collections an abstract 
of his father's will, which is as follows : 

w * I, Richard Eaton, Clerk, &c. ; dated the 11th, sealed 12th July, 
1616. My two houses called Pow House and Poos House, in over 
Whettley, co. Chester, & a piece of land lately bought of John Eaton 

30 The Family of Gov, Theophilus Eaton. [Jan. 

of Sandy way, and all my other lands, I give to my wife Elizabeth for 
her life. Other premises in Over Wheatley to be sold and the pro- 
ceeds divided among my children, Elizabeth, Hannah, John, Samuel, 
Thomas, Frances, Nathaniel, & Jonathan, equally. To my son 
Theophilus said two houses after my wife's death, and I make him 
my executor, he to pay my said three daughters their portions at 

" The will was proved by Theophilus Eaton in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury, 14 January, 1616-17." 

The Richard Eaton referred to was probably son of an elder Rich- 
ard, who was Vicar of Great Budworth, Cheshire, in the latter part 
of the sixteenth century, and was there buried, January 7, 1600. — 
(Ormerod's Cheshire, iii. 444.) 

Richard, the son, was probably the one of that name who received 
the degree of B.A. at Lincoln College, Oxford, February 1, 1585— 
6, and that of B.D. July 5, 1599. He may have been a curate of 
the church at Stony Stratford, a parish lying partly in Oxfordshire 
but properly in Bucks, where Cotton Mather (Magnalia, ii. 26) 
says that Theophilus, who appears to have been his eldest child, was 
born about 1591. (Richard Eaton's name is not in the list of vic- 
ars of Stony Stratford. There are no parish records extant, and 
decipherable, earlier than 1613.) 

The records of Trinity Church, Coventry, Warwickshire (in which 
John Davenport was baptized, 1597), show that Richard Eaton was 
vicar from January 12, 1590[-1?], till May 8, 1604. They fur- 
ther give the dates of baptism of five of his (ten) children. Of these 
Rebecca, baptized March 16, 1594, was dead before her father's 
will; Elizabeth, baptized October 29, 1696, was living unmarried 
in 1616, and is not again heard of; Ann, baptized October 20, 
1698, is undoubtedly the child called by the equivalent name Hannah 
in the will, and probably the Ann, wife of Francis Higginson, who 
accompanied that godly minister to Salem in 1629, and after his 
early death removed to New Haven, where she died about the be- 
ginning of the year 1640. It is necessary, however, if we assume 
this identification, to conclude that she was a second wife, and not 
the mother of the Rev. John Higginson, whose birth was only a few 
days after the date of Richard Eaton's will. The fifth child of the 
Rev. Richard is John, baptized in Coventry, September 28, 1600, 
and not traced later than 1616. The sixth is Samuel, baptized Jan- 
uary 21, 1602, graduated B.A. at Magdalen College, Cambridge, 
in 1624, and subsequently a minister of the Church of England ; 
he came to New Haven with the first settlers, but returned in 1640, 
and served in the ministry in Duckenfield, Cheshire, until the ejec- 
tions caused by the Act of Uniformity in 1662. He died in the 
neighboring parish of Denton, Lancashire, January 9, 1664-5. 

The Rev. Richard Eaton terminated his ministry in Coventry, as 
has been said, in May, 1604, and on the third of August in the 

1884.] Records of Winchester, JV. H. 31 

same year was instituted vicar of Great Budforth, as successor to his 
father. This was a large, straggling parish, and one of the town- 
ships included in it was Over Whitley, where part of the property 
mentioned in his will was situated. He arrived at dignity in the 
church by his appointment, July 10, 1607, to the position of Pre- 
bendary of Lincoln Cathedral ; and he died within a few days after 
the date of his will. 

Of the younger children named in this will, Thomas and Jonathan 
are otherwise unknown. The daughter Frances is only heard of in 
a bequest in Gov. Eaton's will, forty years later, to " Mary Low, 
daughter to my sister Frances." Nathaniel, born about 1609, was 
educated under Dr. "William Ames at Franeker in the Netherlands, 
was initiated (says Winthrop) among the Jesuits, and came to New 
England with his two brothers. His career as the first head of 
Harvard College from 1637 to September, 1639, was not a credit 
to the name. Thence he went to Virginia, where he remained at 
least until 1645,* and on returning to England is said by Mather 
(Magnalia, iv. 127) to have become, after the Restoration, a parish 
minister in Bideford, Devon, and finally to have died a prisoner for 
debt in King's Bench prison. 

The will reveals the christian name of Gov. Eaton's mother, who 
emigrated with her sons, and died in New Haven in a good old age. 


Communicated by John L. Alexander, M.D., of Belmont, Mass. 
[Continued from vc I. xxxvii. page 399.] 

1800 Loved Haskins m. Abigail Putnam 
John Foster m. Sarah Pierce 
Ebenezer Copelaud m. Lucy Fassett 
Rufus Reed m. Keziah Ware 
Lemuel Taylor m. Katherine Thompson 

1801 Hubbard Lawrence m. Polly Goss 
Elisha Holman m. Phila Packard 
Silas Cutter m. Olive Ilolbrook 

Asa Alexander m. Abigail Alexander 
Porter Wood m. Hannah Rice 
Eliab Howard m. Dolly Stowell 
Ebenezer Hutchins m. Persis Hutchins 
Amos Willard m. Olive Pratt 
Phineas Field m. Hannah Taft 

1802 Abner Allen m. Anna Melvin 
Seth Hammond m. Nancy Bent 

• See Records of Massachusetts Bay, ed. Shurtleff, ii. 114; and MS. Archives in Secreta- 
ry of State's Office, BiMon, vol. 15 B, page 246. 

32 Records of Winchester, iV*. H> [Jan. 

John Taylor m. Christina Follett 
Josiah Taylor m. Philena Hammond 
Daniel Dod^e m. Esther Morse 
Jonas Hunt m. Polly Field 
Benjamin Whipple m. Parma Kingman 
John Eviden m. Molly Gale 
Ebenezer Jewell m. Susanna Erskine 
Francis Dickinson m. Sally Watkins 
Charles Mansfield m. Elizabeth Howard 

1803 John Bo<*le m. Abigail Bent 
Jonathan Hall m. Hannah Dodge 
Jeremiah Pratt m. Lucy Rixford 
Ciril Flint m. Sally Curtis 
Thomas Stone Curtis m. Via Wise 
Philip Howard m. Ruth Haskins 
Barzilla Hubbard m. Lavina Putnam 
Hosea King m. Sophia Hutchins 
Thomas Howard m. Deziah Combs 
William Twitchell m. Susanna Davis 
Samuel Lyman m. Sallv Smith 
Simeon Wheelock m. Molly Scott 

1804 Luther Morse m. Tarza Field 
Amos Bond m. Hannah Wood 
William Comstock m. Frinda Hawkins 
Azariah Wright m. Prudence Howard 
Daniel Holman m. Phebe Fuller 
Robert Flemmings m. Anna Bartlett 
Silas French m. Ruth Cook 

Joel Hutchins m. Sally Rice 
Alden Ripley m. Lucy Scott 
John Morse m. Mille French 

1805 Amasa Atwood m. Phebe Erskine 
Ebenezer Smith m. Lucinda Smith 
Silas Capron m. Sylvia Foster 
Abner Houghton m. Susanna Taylor 
John Sykes m. Triphena Kelley 
Lewis Vickery m. Betsey Bond 
Caleb Farnum m. Hannah Capron 
Erastus Wright m. Susannah Pratt 
William Rixford m. Betsey Willard 
Luther Alexander m. P^unice Ripley 
David Kellog m. Hannah Healy 
Amasa Woolley m. Molly Alexander 
Josiah Stebbins m. Susannah Miles 
Jonathan Bellows m. Betsey Field 
Daniel Stowel m. Lydia Field 
Abijah Bowen m. Anna Field 
Rufus Jewell m. Olive Pratt 

1806 Isaac King m. Rebeckah Verry 
Harry Smith m. Lois Ripley 
John Willis m. Eunice Dod^e 
Elijah Smith m. Damaris Follett 

-• V 

1884.] Records of Winchester, 2T. E. 33 

Daniel Verry m. Rebeckah Cleavland 
Thomas Gould m. Grata Gould 
John Capron m. Persis Hawkins 
Nathaniel Lawrence m. Sally Rixford 
• John Erskine m. Achsa Jewell 

Henry Foster m. Henrietta Cleavland 

Ebenezer Conant m. Dolly Thayer 

Solomon Alexander m. Thankful Alexander 

William Earl Smith m. Sally Flint • 

Samuel Bond m. Sally Randall 

Amos Fassett m. Phebe Page 

1807 Stephen Rice m. Olive Wood 
Asa Willis m. Lucinda Lawrence 
Luther Lawrence m. Sally Foster 
Jonathan Newell m. Cloe Willis 
John Bennett m. Susannah Wood 
George Ripley m. Phebe Chamberlain 
Gardner Flemmings m. Betsey Ward 
Elijah Dodge m. Lucinda Thayer 
William Young m. Sally Bancroft 
Alpheus Kingman m. Esther Thayer 
Dea. Nehemiah Hoit m. Martha Smith 

1808 Nehemiah Healy m. Mercy French 
Francis Burt m. Mrs. Eliza Wright 
Reuben Lee m. Sarah Green 
Lanson Fasset m. Hannah Tuttle 
Micah Bent m. Sarah Jennings 
Elihu Wright m. Eunice Holton 

Bancroft m. Sally Conant 

Bloget m. Catherine Newton 

Luther Rixford m. Sally Hawkins 
John Sykes m. Dolly Kellog 
Royal Cutter m. Mariah Field 
Elisha Hutchins m. Sally Smith 
Daniel Curtis m. Polly Hatch 
Silas Follett m. Hannah May 

1809 Joseph Marble m. Anna Smith 
Johu Fassett m. Susannah Dutton 

1810 John Follett m. Lydia Oldham 
Harry Adams m. Hannah Foster 
George Rider m. Mary Dunbrin 
Abel Scott m. Betsey Follett 
Tertius Lyman m. Hannah Foster 
John Howard m. Rhoda Plumley 
Elisha Lane m. Electa Scott 

1811 David Bliss m. Polly Whiting 
Edward Gustin m. Fanny Field 

1812 Calvin Bond m. Nancy Wood 
Anthony Combs m. Abagail Aldrich 
Josiah Prime m. Sophia Lawrence 
Elijah Alexander m. Mrs. Sally Holden Viol 

[To be continued.] 


34 • Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 


Communicated by the Rev. Georoe M. Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass. 
Continued from Vol. xxxvii. page 375. 

No. V. 

Capt. Thomas Wheeler and his Men. 

IN gathering from the pages of the Treasurer's Journal the names 
of soldiers who served at different dates and places during the 
war, under any one officer, and setting them in one list, it is difficult 
to preserve at the same time the proper sequence of events without 
repeating something of the same story, in relating the service of 
different companies. It is proposed in this article to write out a 
brief account of the services of Capt. Thomas Wheeler, of Concord, 
and the men who served under him durino; the war. 


A word concerning Capt. Wheeler may be in order here, espe- 
cially since I find that the published references to him with which I 
am acquainted are vague and conflicting. The genealogy of the 
Wheelers of Concord is a difficult problem, from the fact that as 
early as 1640-1 no less than seven heads of families of that name 
were in town, viz., George, Joseph and Obadiah among the first 
settlers. Ephraim, Thomas and Timothy settled in 1639, and a 
second Thomas who appears in 1640-1. All published accounts are 
defective and misleading, but the lomj and careful research of Mr. 
George Tolman, of Concord, has done much to clear up the mys- 
tery. By a diligent comparison of Mr. Tolman's papers, kindly 
loaned me, with all I am able to glean from other sources, I derive 
the following account. 

Thomas Wheeler, first mentioned, removed to Fairfield, Connec- 
ticut, in 1614 ; his son Thomas settled on the farm he left in Con- 
cord, and married a wife Sarah before 1649. Mr. Savage errone- 
ously identifies this latter with the Captain. But of Capt. Thomas, 
we know that he was the brother of Timothy, who mentions in his 
will, probated Sept. 7th, 1687, " Joseph, Ephraim and Deliverance 
my brother Thomas his sons." He married Ruth, daughter of Wil- 
liam Wood, and from the record of deaths in Concord we find some 
account of their children. Alice died March 17, 1641; Nathaniel 
died January 9, 1676-7 ; Thomas died Jan. 17, 1676-7 ; Ephraim 
February 9, 1689. Joseph and Deliverance, mentioned in Timo- 
thy's will, were probably the sole survivors of the parents. 72 "Capt. 
Thomas Wheeler, husband of Ruth, died Dec. 10, 1676." Ruth 
the widow administered upon his estate next year. Their son Jo- 

n It is possible that James Wheeler, who married Sarah Randall in 1682 and settled in 
Stow, was a son of Capt. Thomas and Ruth. 

s - 

V 697377 

1884.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 35 

seph, in 1677, administered upon the estates of his brothers Thomas 
and Nathaniel. The estate of Thomas consisted of ff a horse, pistols, 
cutlash and gun," and was prized at £6 12s. This was the Cap- 
tain's son who saved his father's life at the fio-ht near "Wickabaug 
Pond. The son Joseph married Mary Powers and settled in Stow, 
Mass. Deliverance married Mary Davis, and also settled in Stow. 
Capt. Thomas was admitted freeman in 1642, was sergeant of 
the foot company of Concord in 1662, was appointed, at its or- 
ganization in 1669, captain of the horse company, made up of 
troopers from several adjoining towns. He was in command of this 
company in July, 1675, when it was called into the service of which 
some account is to be given presently. Of this the main facts are 
gathered from the very interesting "narrative" 73 which he published 
in 1675, within a few months after the service was rendered. The 
title of this pamphlet has been transcribed by the kindness of A. C. 
Goodell, Jr., Esq., from a copy of the original edition belonging 
to the Essex Institute, which copy is bound up with the Rev. Peter 
Bulkeley's Sermon, and was perhaps published with it. It is ujs 
follows : t - * i, 

A True Narrative Of the Lord's Providences in various dispensations 
towards Captain Edward Hutchinson of Boston and my self and those that 
went with us into the Nipmuck Country, and also to Quabaug, alias Brook- 
field. TJie said Captain Hutchinson having a Commission from the Hon- 
oured Council of tit is Colony to Treat with several Sachems in those parts, 
in order to the publick peace and my self being also ordered by the said Coun- 
cil to accompany him with part of my Troop for Security from any danger 
that might be from the Indians : and to Assist him in the Transaction of 
matters committed to him. 

In may be in order here to recall the situation of affairs and some 
of the circumstances that led up to this expedition to Brookfield. 

73 Of this valuable publication contemporary historians availed themselves. Mr. Hub- 
bard evidently used it freely and followed it fully in his account. Major Gookin refers to 
and quotes from it in his " History of the Praying Indians." But Rev. Nathan Fiske, pastor 
of the Third Church in Brookfield, who preached a centennial historical sermon in 1775 
(which was published in 1776). seems not to have known of it, but follows Gov. Hutchin- 
son's history, who himself evidently had never seen it, at least does not notice it. And 
Rev. Joseph I. Foot delivered a Historical Discourse on Thanksgiving Day, November 7, 
• 1828 (published first in the same year), which discourse (fays the Editor of the enlarged 
edition of 1843) was compiled by the author " after much inquiry and laborious research," 
and yet Mr. Foot seems to have been entirely ignorant of the existence of the " narrative," 
and makes no mention of Capt Wheeler, leaving the natural inference that he could hardly 
have read either Hubbard's, Mather's or Gookin's History. The edition of 1843 contains 
*' Wheeler's narrative " in full; and by the Editor's statement and a letter from Lemuel 
Shattuck, of Concord, it seems that Mr. Foot became aware of the existence of the pamph- 
let but did not receive it from Mr. Shattuck, who possessed two copies, until July, 1829, 
some time after his discourse was published, and even then Mr. Shattuck appears not to 
have known that the N. H. Historical Society had publi-hed the " Narrative " in their 
Collections two years before, with valuable annotations. In the edition of 1843, however, 
the Editor plainly used the publication of the N. H. Society, word for word — title, intro- 
duction, notes and all, without addition or omission, though omitting to make acknowledg- 
ment of the same. On July 4th, 18f>0, in his oration at the Bi-Centennial Anniversary of 
the Settlement of Brookfield, Rev Lyman Whiting gives a complete and eloquent account 
of the fight and subsequent defence of the garrison by Wheeler's troopers. And later Mr. 
H. E. Waite has made valuable investigations (see Register, ante, vol. xxxv. p. 333), .and 
has kindly furnished assistance, advice aud material to the present writer. 

..../ \ 

36 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

The Nipmuck Indians had been for some time uneasy and threaten- 
ing. Twice during July Ephraim Curtis had been to treat with 
them, as has been previously noted. On the last occasion their 
eaehems had agreed to send their Sagamore to treat with the Ens- 
glish ; but failing to keep this promise, the Council thought it expe- 
dient to send a larger party, with more show of power, to compel 
them to some sort of a treaty. The Council, however, did not fully 
estimate the number or disposition of the Xipmucks, deluded in 
part by the fair promises of the Sachem David to the settlers at 
Brookfield, and partly relying upon the knowledge that Philip was 
securely shut up in the swamp at Pocasset, with Capt. Henchman's 
company warily guarding at Fort Leverett, and the Plymouth forces 
near at hand. Xews having come that Mattoonas (leader of the 
murderous assault upon Mention on July 14), with some of the 
Narragansets, had come among the Indians about Quabaog, the pre- 
parations of the Council were somewhat hastened, as will be seen 
by the following " minutes" (Mass. Arch., vol. b*7, p. 224 ) : 

"The Council met at y e time 26 July at Charles Towne & afterwards at 
Boston 1675." An Order past to send for Capt. Tho. Wheeler & 20 of his 
troop to be here at Boston w to y e Gou r & Council at 10 in y e morning." 

And the following commission to Capt. Edward Hutchinson 74 
(Mass. Arch., vol. 67, p. 228) : 

Boston 27. July 1675 
The Council beeing informed y t the narraganset indians are come downe 
with about one hundred Armed men into the Nipmuck country, Do order 
you Capt Edward Hutcheson, to take with you Capt Thomas vYheler & 
his party of horse with Ephraim Curtis for a guide & a sufficient 75 interpre- 
ter, & forthwith to repaire into those parts & ther Laubour to get a right 
understanding of the motions of 'he Narraganset indians & of y e indians of 
Nipmuck: and for that end to demand of the leaders of y e narraganset 
Indians an acc'ot of y e grouns of y er marching in y* country & require to 
understand the orders of their Sachems, And also to demand an Account of 
the Nipmuck Indians why they have not sent downe their Sagamore accord- 
ing to their promise unto o r messenger Ephraim Curtis, And further let 

y m know y* wee are informed that there are some among them y* have 
actually joyned with our enemies in the murder & spoyle made upon the 
English by Philip, And that Matoones & his Complices who. have Robed 
& Murdered our people about Mendon are now among y m And y* wee 
require them to deliver up to you or forthwith bring in to us those our en- 
emies, otherwise wee must Looke at them to bee no friends to us, but ayders 

74 Memoirs of the Hutchinson family are published in the Register, vol. i. p. 297, and 
xx. 3-55. Capt. Edward, the eldest son of William and Ann, came to this country from Eng- 
land with his uncle Edward Hutchinson, probably in September, 1633, a vear before hi3 
parents came. His family were much interested in the civilization of the Indians, and were 
widely known amongst them. Capt. Edward owned a lurjre farm in the Nipmuck country, 
and had employed several of the sachems in tilling it. He was popular with the Indians, 
experienced in militarv matters, trusted by the colony, and had several times been sent to 
treat with different tribes, and was but lately returned from the treaty with Narragansets, 
antes vol. xxxvii. p. 368. 

7 & In the original the words "Peter Ephraim of Natick for an" are written and then 
struck out, and the words " a sufficient " put in. 

1884.] Soldiers in King Philips War, 37 

and abettors \_sic~] and unto all these things you shall require y" expr'sse an- 
swer ; & as soon as you have dispatched the affayre, you are to returne home 
& give us an acct, so desiring the Lords pr r sence with you & in prosecution 
of this affayre if you should meet with any Indians that stand in opposition 
to you or declare y m selves to bee yo r enemies then you are ordered to in- 
gage with them if you see reson for it & endeav r to reduce y m by force of 

Such was the situation when, as we learn from Capt. Wheeler's 
narrative above mentioned, he, with about twenty of his troop, report- 
ed to the Council as commanded, and with Capt. Hutchinson marched 
on July 28th from Cambridge to Sudbury, and thence the next three 
days into the Nipmuck Country. They marched to within two miles of 
New Norwich, and finding all the Indians had fled from their towns, 
and meeting with but a few stragglers here and there, who fled from 
them, they marched back to Brookfield, arriving there Sunday, Au- 
gust 1st, and hearing of Indians in great force about ten miles away, 
they sent out four men to treat with them. One of these was Eph- 
raim Curtis (as I find by his testimony in the trial of the Wabaquas- 
sa Indian, Poquahow, for being engaged in the assault upon Capt. 
Hutchinson and the rest), two I think were Brookfield men, and 
the fourth was probably one of the Indian guides. They met the 
^ Indians about eight miles from Brookfield in a swamp, and after the 

young warriors had blustered and threatened a long time, their sa- 
chems agreed to meet Capt. Hutchinson and his party next day at 
8 o'clock at a plain three miles from Brookfield. Capt. Hutchin- 
son, accompanied by the troopers, scouts and three of the "chief 
men " of Brookfield went to the place appointed ; but no Indians 
appeared. Whereupon the officers suspected treachery, and were 
earnestly warned by the Indian guides not to go on ; but the Brook- 
field men were so confident of the good faith of the Nipmucks, and 
urged so hard, that at last they prevailed, and the party marched 
on. They supposed the Indians to be in a swamp several miles 
away, the approach to which was, at one point, narrow and difficult, 
. having an impassable swamp on one side and a steep rocky hill on 
the other. 76 Here with their usual skill the Indians had placed their 
ambuscade. The English were forced to ride alone: this narrow 
pass single file. The entire company was allowed to pass the first 
lines of the ambuscade, which then closed up to cut off a retreat ; and 
when the foremost of the troopers had ridden forward some sixty or 
seventy rods, the Indians, from their covert3 on either hand along 
the whole line, poured in upon them a sudden and terrible volley. 
Eight men were killed on the spot, viz. : Zechariah Phillips of Bos- 

76 The exact spot has not been fully identified, but a careful comparison of the best au- 
thorities seems to establish the place in the narrow defile above the head of Wickaboag 
Pond. Local tradition, reliably transmitted, still points out the graves of the fallen in 
the oJd cemetery at West Brookfield, on the south shore of that pond. A gentleman of 
critical judgment, who recently visited the spot, assures me that seven graves are yet plainly 
visible there. 


38 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

ton, Timothy Farlow of Billerica, Edward Coleburn of Chelmsford, 
Samuel Smedly of Concord, Shadrach Hapgood of Sudbury, and 
the three men of Brookfield, Sergeants John Ayres and William 
Pritchard, and Corporal Richard Coye ; and five were wounded, viz. : 
Capt. Hutchinson, Capt. Wheeler and his son Thomas, Corporal 
John French of Billerica, and John Waldo of Chelmsford. Five 
of their horses were killed and many more wounded. The troopers 
rallied and made a dash up the hill, but, scattered as they were, and 
encumbered by their horses, were unable to make a permanent 
stand. The Indians pressed upon them closely to surround them. 
Capt. Wheeler escaped the first fire and dashed part way up the hill, 
but finding some of his men had fallen in the pass, turned back to 
face the enemy alone, not calling upon his company to follow, which, 
he says, they would have done ; and then he was sorely wounded 
and his horse killed under him, so that he was near falling into the 
hands of the enemy pressing close upon him, when his son who, 
retreating with the rest of the company, had missed his father and 
turned back, now, though himself sorely wounded, dismounted 
and helped his father upon his own horse, and ran along beside 
him on foot until he found another horse whose rider had been 
killed, and thus closely pursued by the enemy they escaped to the 
rest of the company. In this brave rescue of his father, the son 
was again dangerously wounded in the left arm. In this juncture 
the remainder of the company were saved by the sagacity of the two 
Indian guides, 77 Sampson and Joseph Robin, who led them round 
by a way known to them, and thus avoided a second ambuscade 
which the enemy had laid for them on the direct road. The credit 
is not given them in Wheeler's narrative, but in a certificate given 
these Indians by him, and afterwards published by Major Gookin. 

After a difficult march often miles, the troopers rode into Brook- 
field, where they took possession of and hastily fortified one of the 
largest houses. The alarm spread through the town, and the inhab- 
itants immediately left their own houses and fled to the house held 
by the troopers, in their fear bringing very little with them, either 
of food or clothing. Capt. Wheeler, finding himself, by reason of 
his wound, unable to conduct the defence of the garrison, appointed 
to that ofnee Simon Davis, of Concord, James Richardson and John 
Fieke, of Chelmsford. Within two hours after they returned to 
the town, the Captains sent out Ephraim Curtis, and Henry Young 
of Concord, to carry news of the disaster to the Council at Boston, 
but in this time the Indians had crept warily about the town, and 
were found by the messengers pillaging the outlying houses. Find- 

77 Sons of old Robin Petuhanit, a faithful " Christian " Indian. Notwithstanding this 
service they were afterwards so unjustly used by the English that they were driven to join 
Philip's rllies, and Sampson was killed by some scouts of the English near Wachuset, 
while Joseph was captured and sold into slavery in the West Indies. See " Gookin's His- 
tory of the Praying Indians.*' 

* Said to have been the inn kept by John Ayres, killed as above noted. 

1884.] Soldiers hi King Philip's War. 39 

ing the way encompassed and the whole force of the enemy closing 
in upon them, the messengers returned to warn the garrison. 
Immediately the Indians came swarming upon them with fierce vol- 
leys and loud shoutings, " sending in their shots amongst us like hail 
through the walls." But one man, Henry Young above mentioned, was 
killed, and that in the evening while looking out from the garret win- 
dow, and a son of William Pritchard (slain at the fight in the morn- 
ing), who had ventured out of the garrison to fetch some things from 
his father's house still standing near by, was killed just as he was leav- 
ing the house to return, and his head was cut off and tossed about 
in view of the English, and then set upon a pole against the door of 
his father's house. All night they besieged the house fiercely, till 
about three o'clock in the morning August 3d, when thev collected 
hay and other combustibles, and attempted to set the house on fire 
at the corner. Under cover of their comrades' muskets, a party 
promptly rushed out in the face of the enemies' bullets, and put it 
out. Only two of these were wounded. At this time, at Capt. 
Wheeler's request, Ephraim Curtis made an attempt to get away 
through the lines to carry a message, but failed ; but near morning 
he tried again and succeeded by creeping a long distance on his 
hands and knees to elude the Indians, and after a day and night, 
fainting- with hunger and fatigue, reach Marlborough on August 
4th. But the news of the destruction of Brookfield had preceded 
him, carried by some people who were travelling towards Connecti- 
cut, and coming to Brookfield and seeing the burning houses and 
the killing of some cattle, turned back and spread the alarm at 
Marlborough, and a post was immediately sent after Major Willard 
who was to march that day from Lancaster to Groton. The messen- 
gers overtook him already upon the march, and upon receipt of the 
message he promptly marched his force of forty-six soldiers and five 
Indians under Capt. James Parker of Groton, towards Brookfield. 

In the mean time the Indians kept up their furious assault upon 
the garrison, trying by every art to fire the house through all the day 
and night, August 3d, which the English succeeded in preventing, 
without injury, except to one Thomas Wilson, who was wounded 
while venturing into the yard outside to draw water. On August 
4th, the enemy having received large reinforcements, proceeded to 
fortify the meeting-house near by, and also the barn belonging to the 
besieged house, to protect themselves from the watchful aim of the 
English muskets, and later they invented a machine-of-war, of a 
style unheard of before or since in warfare. It was a sort of trund- 
ling wheel-barrow fourteen rods long, a pole thrust through the 
heads of a barrel for a front wheel, and for a body long poles spliced 
together at the ends and laid upon short cross-poles, and truckle 
wheels placed under at intervals. They constructed two of these 
centipede-like carriages and loaded the fronts with quantities of 
combustibles, such as hay, flax and " candle wood." These were 

40 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

scarcely completed, however, when a heavy shower fell and wet 
down their combustibles, so that they would not readily burn, and 
in the mean time Major Willard and his force arrived, and so intent 
were the Indians about the machines, that his company, coming 
about an hour after dark, grained the vard of the garrisoned house 
before the enemy perceived them. There was a large body of In- 
dians posted about two miles away, on the road by which the Ma- 
jors company had come, and another party of over one hundred 
in a house nearer the garrison. The outpost had let the company 
pass unharmed, depending upon those nearer to strike the blow ; 
and these latter depending upon the others for an alarm, which either 
was not given or else, in the excitement of building the machines, 
they did not hear, both missed the opportunity of attack. As soon 
as they saw their mistake they attacked the Major's party with 
fury, but without much avail, and all were soon safely within the 
house. The Indians seeing their devices defeated and the garrison 
reinforced, set fire to the barn and meetinghouse, and in the early 
morning of August 5th withdrew. 

Such is Capt. Wheeler's account in brief of the famous fight near 
Wickaboag Pond, and the subsequent defence of Brookfield. And 
I have followed his account thus fully and at some length, because 
most of the published accounts that I have seen have either con- 
flicted with his or have been otherwise misleading. 

On August 7th fresh forces arrive<J from Boston, and all remained 
at the garrison till the 10th day, when Capts. Hutchinson and 
Wheeler, with all of their company that were able to travel, came 
away and arrived at Marlborough on August 14th. Capt. Hutch- 
inson died there of his wounds on the 19th, and was buried the next 
day. Capt. Wheeler and the remnants of his company remained 
there until the 21st, when they returned home to Concord. 

Of those who were engaged in this affair, the following received 
credit fur military service under Capt. Thomas Wheeler : 

Sept. 15, 1675 

George Farly. 


14 00 

Samson Robin. 




James Paddison. 


14 08 

Joseph Robin. 




John Bates. 


14 03 

Sept. 28 th 

Simon Howard. 


10 00 

Benjamin Graves. 




Samuel Smedly. 


14 00 

Simon Davis. 




Sidrach Ilopgood. 


10 00 

John Buttrick. 




November 30 th 

• Oct. 19 th 

John Waldoe. 


00 00 

George Howard. 




-John Fisk. 


14 09 

John Hartwell. 




Jan'y 25, 



John French, Corp 1 . 




James Richardson. 


02 00 

John Kittery (Kitteridg). 03 08 06 

Besides these credited above, there are several mentioned in the 
"Narrative" and elsewhere, who doubtless belonged to Captain 
Wheeler's troop — Zechariah Phillips, Timothy Far low and Edward 

1884.] Soldiers in King Philip's War* 41 

Coleburn, killed at the ambuscade, and Henry Young killed at the 
garrison. These, with young Thomas Wheeler, make up the num- 
ber to twenty-one, 79 besides the guides. Ephraim Curtis was credited 
as directly in the service of the Council, £2 for his service. It will be 
noticed that neither Capt. Wheeler nor his son receive credit in the 
treasurer's account, but it is seen by two items in the Court Records, 
first, October 13th, 1675, in answer to his petition setting forth his 
necessities, that he receives ten pounds, and again in October, 1676, 
for his own and his son's service, he is credited full wages for both 
from the time they left their own homes till they returned to them 
again, which was £28 in addition to the £10 granted him the year 
before, which, in the Treasurer's Ledger, is put under the head of 
* Contingencies," and is in part remuneration for his losses and recog- 
nition of his eminent services. The twenty-eight pounds must have 
included subsequent service. He remained at home for some time, 
and probably in that time wrote out his " Narrative." Together 
with others of his troop, he celebrated the 21st of October, 1675, 
as a day of thanksgiving for their safe return from Brookfield. 
Before February 29th, as is evident from the credits following, he had 
been out again in service. What or where that service was I have 
not been able to find from any published reference. 

There was, however, much quiet, though efficient, service per- 
formed in those times, that the chronicler passed over in giving ac- 
count of the more stirring events ; and such service is often only 
revealed by these dim old pages of Hull's Journal, or the brief busi- 
ness or official letters preserved in our precious Archives. Such 
data may be helpful here. And first, the similarity of the amounts 
of credit would indicate that nearly all in this list were on the same 
service, and it would follow that the service was rendered before 
February 29th, 1676. The reference to "Groton Garrison" in 
the credit of a part of the men, seems to point to Groton and the 
neighboring towns as the place of service. And again the letter to 
the Court from Groton, dated February 6th, 1675-6, and signed by 
James Parker, Thomas Wheeler and Henry Woodhouse (Woodis), 
respectfully suggests that the maintenance of a scout of "forty men, 
troopers and dragoons," to scout between Groton, Lancaster and 
Marlboro', is unnecessary, the garrison at Lancaster being sufficient 
for such purpose. Moreover, that such method, considering the 
distance, renders the force unavailable in case of sudden surprise, 
and that such towns as Billerica and Chelmsford are weakened by 
the withdrawal of their troopers for this service, and that now in view 
of the sudden disappearance of the Weymesit Indians, the troopers 
from those towns "demand a release," &c. I find that many of 

" In Rev. John Russell's list of men killed in Hampshire County, I find the name of 
James Hovey, killed at Brookfield, August 2. There is no other authority for the state- 
ment. The name occurs after that of Capt. Hutchinson, and it may be that he, like Capt. 
H., died of injuries received at the fight or garrison. 


Soldiers in King Philip's War. 


those in the list were from Billerica and Chelmsford. The letter 
shows this scouting service to have been iroinor on, and I think it is 
safe to conclude that most of these thirty-seven men were engaged 
in it under Capt. Wheeler and Lieut. Woodhouse. 80 


dited u 


r Capt. Wheeler : 

Feb'y 29 th 1675-f. 


David Batchelor. 




Simon Davis (two credits] 




Simon Crosbe. 




' Nath. Hill. 




Daniel Maginnis. 




Jonathan Hill. 




John Kitteridg. 




Joseph Foster. 




James Pattison. 




John Waldo. 




Jonathan Hide. 




Francis Dudly. 




Samuel Davis. 





Samuel Fletcher Sen r . 




John Brown. 





Samuel Fletcher Jun r . 




Joseph Hayward. 




Eleazer Brown. 




John Hayward. 




Cyprian Stevens. 




Stephen Hosmer. 




Benjamin Graves. 




John Gould. 




John Bates. 




Phinias Sprague. 




Stephen Goble. 




Henry Green. 




March 24 th 

Joseph Winn. 




Simon Willard 




Sept. 23 d 


Thomas Tarball. 




Abraham Jaque. 




Joseph Blood. 




Joseph Fitch. 




June 24 th 1676 


Samuel Dunton. 




Henry Wood is, Lieut. 




Jonathan Prescott. 





ses Buckmau. 




Of the operations of the troops about Brookfield after the retreat 
of the Indians, some explanation will be given in the accounts of the 
various captains and their companies. In estimating the number 
of inhabitants who were in the house and took part in the defence, 
we may consider the following data. The whole troop, including 
Capt. Wheeler and son, numbered twenty-two ; Capt. Hutchinson, 
Ephraim Curtis and three Indians made it twenty-seven. At the 
fight five were killed and five wounded, one Iridian guide captured, 
Henry Young killed at the house, and Curtis sent to Marlborough, 
leaving fourteen, presumably, fit for duty. There were some six- 
teen families gathered in the house, including fifty women and child- 
ren. On August 3d Capt. Wheeler reports that only twenty-six, 
counting the men of the town and his soldiers, were capable of ser- 
vice. Hence we may infer that twelve of the inhabitants were ac- 
tively engaged in the defence. Recurring now to the list of peti- 
tioners of October, 1G73, published by Mr. Waite (Register, vol. 

80 Many will notice how rich this list is in its suggestion of honored names— Waldo, 
Fletcher, Dudley, Simon Willard (son of the Major), Crosby and Hosmer. the last seeming 
almost a benediction, as it recalls the late Dr. George VV. Hosmer. But among this goodly 
array comes also the wretched Stephen Goble (Gobeley), or " Gobble," as it was written 
later, who afterwards murdered the harmless Indian women at Watertown, and was exe- 
cuted in 1676 along with some murderous Indians. 

81 These were credited " under Capt Wheeler and at Groton Garrison." 

1884.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 43 

xxxv. 33G), and counting out Ayres, Pritchard and Coy killed 
and "Wilson wounded, we shall not be far out of the wav in con- 
eluding that the others were joined with the troopers in making up 
the twentv-six, allowing for some changes bv accessions to and re- 
movals from town between 1673 and '75. The reported numbers 
of four or five hundred Indians present, and eighty killed, will bear 
reduction by at legist one half, though the English carbines were 
bravely effective. 

The following fragment may be of interest here as showing the 
presence of the celebrated pirate here just after the assault was over. 
It is taken from the Mass. Archives, vol. QS, p. 7. 

Boston, October y e 13, 1675. 
To the honored Governer & Councell of the Massathusets Colony in New 

These are to signyfie that Cornell ius 83 [sj'c] Consort the Dutch- 
man was uppon the Contryes Servis Att quabauge and by the Councle of 
"Warre there was sent out Capt. of the for lorne And Afterward marched 
to Grotton & Chemsfort According to my best Advice continud in the 
Countryes Servis six weekes Cornellius being Reddy to depart the Country 
& myself being here att boston the Major Willard being Absent I granted 
this ticket. Thomas Wheller, Capt. 

Brookfiexd after the Attack. 

Capt. Wheeler relates that soon after his own return from Brook- 
field, " the inhabitants of the town also, men, women, and children, 
removed safely with what they had left, to several places, either 
where they had lived before their planting or settling down there, or 
where they had relations to receive and entertain them," and " the 
Honored Major Willard stayed several weeks after our coming 
away." 83 

The town was doubtless wholly vacated before the middle of Oc- 

82 This was the famous Cornelius Anderson, see ante, vol. xxxvii. p. 172, note. In the 
great trial of the pirates he was constantly referred to as Cornelius Consort, i. e. Consort of 
Capt. Roderigo, the chief of the pirates. ' The name Consort thus became his familiar cog- 
nomen among the people and soldiers with whom he was very popular. Mr. Drake evi- 
dently based his decision on the above paper, not having observed the " trial " documents. 
I cannot tell on what occasion he led the i'orlorne, but it was after Capt. Mosely came, Aug. 
11th or 12th, and before the 15th when he left. The Council of War was held after Capt. 
Wheeler had gone, but now, Oct. 13th, being in Boston, Major Willard absent at Groton, 
Mosely at Hatfield, Lathrop and Beers botb slain, it devolved upon him to M grant the 

s 3 A small garrison was undoubtedly maintained at the fortified house some time after 
the withdrawal of the inhabitants, probably up to the 12th of October, and it is likely that 
widow Susannah Ayres remained during that time, as is indicated by her petition and ac- 
count presented the Court in October, 1677, which charges supplies to soldiers under Eph- 
raim Curtis, Major Willard and Capt. Poole; but some time before November 16th the place 
was vacant, for the Council on that date instructs Capt. Appleton in his march homeward 
from Connecticut River, if he comes by way of Quabaog, to drive down some of the cattle 
and swine which they have heard have gathered about the houae, as a relief to the "poore 
people that are concerned therein." There is much material preserved in the Mass. Ar- 
chives bearing upon this point of the withdrawal of the garrison from Brookfield, in numer- 
ous letters and orders of the Council to various officers, all giving evidence of the com- 
plete desertion of the town about Oct. 12th. See especially correspondence witii Capt. 
Appleton and Lieut. John Ruddock, &c. 

44 Soldiers in King Philijfs War. [Jan. 

tober, and remained so, except for the frequent passage of the troops 
to and from the west, up to the last of February following. On the 
21st of that month the Council ordered "Carpenters' tooles for six 
men, nayles of all sorts with hooks and hinges for doors and locks 
and of such sort as the chief carpenter shall appoint, to build a 
quarter at Quabaog," and on the 25th the committee was ordered 
to procure either John Brewer of Sudbury, or John Coolidge of Wa- 
tertown to go up with the army and build a house or houses for 
lodging and shelter of provisions, &c. A small garrison was estab- 
lished there under Serg't William Ingraham, who writes the Coun- 
cil on March 21st for relief, " men few and discouraged, need am- 
munition," <&c. In answer the Council sent up Capt. Nathaniel 
Graves of Charlestown with men and horses laden with supplies, as 
will be seen by the following order from Mass. Archives, vol. 68, 
p. 173: 

Att A Council held at Boston, 22. March 1675-6 

It is ordered that Capt. Nathaniel Graves of Charlestown shall be the 
Comander of the Garrison at Brookfield & all Inferiour officers and Sould- 
jers are requested to be obedjent to him : 

As the said Capt. Graves is ordered to take ye Comand of twenty troopers 
and thirty horses & fiveteen men besides w th the Carriage horses to be Load- 
en w th provision & Ammunition to be conveyed to the Garrison at Brook- 
field and after the Carriages are Lodged there he then send backe the 
Troopers & Carriage horses, dismissing them to theire several homes, And 
that W m Ingram now Comander of the Garrison at Brookfield is dismissed 
after Capt Graves comes there who is to returne with the Troopers & Car- 
riages. It is further ordered that Major Savage order ten Souldiers more 
to strengthen the Garrison at Brookfield as soon as he Can Conveniently. 
And the said Capt Graves is ordered with all Convenient dispatch to march 
up to Brookfield w th the sayd Carriages : dated in Boston as Above. 

pr EDW d Rawson, Secret'y. 

"Warrants issued forth to the Constables. 

To Charlestowne for Carriage To Roxbury, Car. hor. 4 and 2 men 

horses, 4 and 2 men 

besides a horse for Capt Graves. 30 15 

" Cambridge, Car. hor. 4 and 2men To Capt. Prentice for 7 Troopers. 

" Watertown, " ** 6 " 3 " To the Constable of Marlborough 
" Sudbury, " " 6 " 3 " for 6 Troopers. 

" Wooburne, 4< " 6 " 3 " To Capt. Davis for 6 Troopers. 

The following letter is of interest both for the matter in hand and 
to show that garrison life in idleness is much the same in every age. 
From Mass. Archives, vol. 68, p. 237 : 

Honoured Governer & 

Sir we are all In Indifferent helth we dayly are goeing forth but 
cannot see any Indians : our provissions dus spend apace And if you Intend 
to Continue y* place we must have more prouissions y l wee have may Last 


Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



about 8 or 10 days: for my owne partt I Can be Content w 01 Less y n 
many of y r men heare : I have eatten but Littell of your provissions : I ex- 
pect A release by y* next y* Cum up : for I am not fit for y" Employ being 
out of my way & know there are many men more fit than I for y* Busines 
I do not Apprehend any danger to Ly heare for I Beleave the Indians will 
nott Cum to our Garreson all my feare is of our men y* go Abroad & are 
not so Carefull as they shud be we have had no damage yet y* makes us 
Secure if you doe Continue y e men heare they will wantt showes & Shunts 
And Linin drawers and Tobacco & A glace to Keap watch w^ all our 
discontent Arises from y* now afore it was want of meate now we have 
enough heare are many would not care if they did stay there time out. they 
ow there masters hete is noething to doe but up to play And down to 
sleepe if y e Country Can Afoard to maynteyn them so : I am Content 
rather to bare my partt of y e Charge then to play heare where I Can do 
no good w ht showes and other things we had was sent to hadly & I have 
a Resayte for them from y e Commissarys w ch I hoap w 11 discharge mee.w ch 
is all y* offers att present from 

Sir, your Seruant In what I am abell & understand. 
28 th Aparell 1676 Nathaniel Graves. 

On May 5th Serg't Ephraim Savage was chosen to go up to re- 
lieve Capt. Graves with new supplies, and to send home those that 
were sick or greatly needed at home, and to take command of the 
garrison, thirty of the men at least to remain. Serg't Savage was 
excused from the service on account of sickness, and Thomas Walk- 
er, :f the, brickmaker," was chosen in his stead. It would seem, 
however, that his health improved, for he went with a lieutenant's 
commission and wages, and the credit below shows him to have 
served, and not Walker. Of the subsequent history of the garrison 
there is no definite account, but frequent references to it as a base 
of supplies, &c, show it to have been maintained for some time. 

The following names are credited with military service at the 
garrison : 

At Brookfield. 

Ezekiel Levitt. 01 04 00 

01 00 00 John Norton. 01 09 00 

05 01 00 John Mansell. 01 18 00 

June 24, 1676. 
John Ravmau. 

James Kelling. 

July 24, 
Joseph Hide. 
Isaac Perkins. 
Nicholas Rawlins. 
George Norton. 
Benjamin Dunnage. 
John Artsell. 
Thomas Scott. 
Thomas Cooper. 
Thomas Philips. 
Joseph Garfell. 
Benjamin Pickerin. 


At Quabauge 


01 00 06 
01 01 04 
00 07 00 

00 06 04 

01 08 03 
01 08 00 
01 04 00 
05 00 00 
05 03 06 
00 17 00 
04 10 00 

(Brookfield). . 

Charles Duckworth. 
John Cromwell. 
John Norton. 
William Bodkin. 
John Jeffery. 
Joseph Swady. 
Ebenezer Engellsbee. 
Henry Pellington. 
John Alfjar. 
Thomas Stacie. 
Sylvester Haies. 
John Simple. 

03 15 00 

03 15 03 
01 12 06 

04 12 06 
04 19 04 
04 12 06 

04 12 06 

05 07 00 

03 02 06 
01 12 0& 

04 10 0O 
03 02 0$ 

46 Longmeadow Families. [Jan, 

John Glide. 05 08 00 Au<mst 24 th 1676 

Benjamin Bucknall. 04 15 00 J hn Cromwell. 02 09 06 

Ephraim Savage, Lt. 04 07 09 Charles Duckworth. 02 09 06 

Christopher Cole. 03 02 06 Edward Blancher. 05 10 00 

Charles Blmco. 03 13 00 David Crouch. 02 06 02 

John Mansell. 01 10 00 D avid j ones . 7 06 06 

Nathaniel Partndg. 05 08 00 PhiHp Sa ndy. 05 08 00 

John Sargent. 03 02 06 Thomas Phillips. 00 18 00 

John Cutler. 05 09 08 

There is no reliable evidence that the town of Brookfield was re- 
settled before 1686 or 7. Many families were there before 1693, 
and a garrison house had been built, when, on July 27th of that 
year, a band of twenty-six Canada Indians attacked the town and 
killed and captured several of its inhabitants. 


Communicated by Willard S. Allen, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xxxvii. page 361.] 

4th Generation. Colouel John Pyncheon, of Springfield, son of Col. 
John and Margaret Pyncheon, was married Feb. 18, 1702, to Bashua Tay- 
lor, daughter of the Rev. Mr. Taylor, of Westfield. She was born Jan. 
11, 16S3. Their children were — Elizabeth, born Dec. 27, 1702, died Sept. 
26, 1776. William, born Nov. 11, 1703, died Jan. 11, 1783. John, born 
Feb. 8, 1705, died April 6, 1754. Joseph, born Feb. 8, 1705, died in 
Boston. Mary, born Oct. 10, 1706. Bathshua, born Jan. 1, 1708, died 
Jan. 5, 1760. A son, born June 19, 1710, and died within an hour. Bath- 
shua the daughter died June 20, 1710, age 27. Col. John Pvncheon the 
father was married again Nov. 3, 1711, to Phebe Sexton, of Enfield ; she 

was born Jan. 7, 1686. Their children — Martha, born , died Dec. 

8,1712. Edward, born April 6, 1713, died Nov. 3, 1777. Nathaniel, born 
March 3, 1715, died Oct. 10, 1722. George, born April 20, 1717, died 
June 26, 1797. Charles, born Jan. 31, 1719, died Aug. 19, 1783. Mar- 
garet, born , died Oct. 27, 1722. Elizabeth was married Feb. 6, 

1721. to Benjamin Colton, son of Isaac and Mary Colton. Mary was mar- 
ried Aug. 12, 1726, to Joseph Dwight, who was known by the title of Brig- 
adier Dwight. Bashua was married, Feb. 18, 1730, to Robert Harris. 
Phebe, the second wife of this Col. John Pyncheon, died Oct. 17, 1722. 
He died July 12, 17-12, age 68. This Col. John Pyncheon was two years 
in Harvard College. His grandfather took him away and procured for him 
the Clerk's office at Springfield, and he was chosen County Register. He 
lived some years with his grandfather, who was the first justice of the court. 

4th Generation. Colonel William Pyncheon, of Springfield, son of Col. 
John and Margaret Pyncheon, served an apprenticeship with a brazier in 
Boston. At twenty-one years of age he came to Springfield. He was a 
justice of the court, May 15, 1721. He was married to Catharine Brewer, 
daughter of the Rev. Daniel Brewer and Catharine his wife. Their child- 
ren — Sarah, born Aug. 17, 1721, died Aug. 4, 1755. William, born Dec. 

1884.] Longmeadow Faniilies. 47 

12, 1723. Margaret, born Nov. 24, 1727, died April, 1772. Daniel John, 
born Oct. 7, 1733, died April 22, 1754. Joseph, born Oct. 30, 1737. Sa- 
rah was married to Col. Josiah Dwight, of Springfield, and had no children. 
"William was educated at Harvard College, graduated 1743. He settled at 
Salem in the practice of law, and died in that town. Margaret was mar- 
ried Jan. 1, 1750,' to Major Elijah Williams, of Deerfield. Daniel J. died 
a student in New Haven College, April 22, 1754. Joseph was educated 
at New Haven College, graduated 1757. He was married to Sarah Rug- 
gles, daughter of Rev. Mr. Ruggles, of Gilford, and settled in that town. 
Col. William Pyncheon the father died Jan. 1, 1741. Catherine his wid- 
ow died April 10, 1747. 

\_Page 186.] 5th Generation. William Pyncheon, Esq., of Springfield, 
son of Col. John and Bathshua Pyncheon, was married Dec. 14, 1738, to 
Sarah Bliss, daughter of Lieut. Pelatiah and Elizabeth Bliss. Their child- 
rem — William, born Nov. 21, 1739, died March 24, 1808. John, born Sept. 
20, 1742. Sarah, born Oct. 5, 1751, died July 25, 1826. The family of 
William, see page 187. Sarah was married Dec. 5, 1780, to David White. 
William Pyncheon the father died Jan. 11, 1783. Sarah his widow died 
Feb. 21, 1796. 

5th Generation. The Hon. Joseph Pyncheon, son of Col. John and 
Bathshua Pyncheon, was educated at Harvard College, graduated 1726, 
preached at times, and studied and practised physic. Settled first at Long- 
meadow, and was married. Oct. 13, 1748, to Mrs. Mary Cheney, widow of the 
Rev. Mr. Cheney, of Brookfield, and daughter of the Rev. John Colton, of 
Newton. Their children — Mary, born . Rebecca, born . Mar- 
tha, born . Margaret, born . Joseph Pyncheon the father, soon 

after his marriage, removed to Boston. 

5th Generation. Edward Pyncheon, Esq., of Springfield, son of Colonel 
John Pyncheon and Phebe his wife, was for many years county treasurer 
and register. He was married Dec. 15, 1763, to Mrs. Rebecca Bliss, wid- 
ow of Capt. Luke Bliss. Her maiden name was Stoughton. They died 
without issue. He died Nov. 3, 1777, leaving his estate to his kindred. 
She died Nov. 5, 1810. She was born March, 1721. 

5th Generation. Capt. George Pyncheon, of Springfield, son of Col. 
John and Phebe Pyncheon, was married, Dec. 21, 1738, to Hannah Bart- 
let. Their children found on record — George, born April 27, 1739. Lov- 
ice, born August 9, 1740. Nathaniel, born Jan. 1, 1743. Walter, born 
Sept. 5, 1744. Peter, born Aug. 30, 1746. Margaret, born March 19, 
1747. Hannah the mother died Aug. 10, 1751. Capt. George Pyncheon 
was married again to Abigail Pease, daughter of Ebenezer aud Midwell 
Pease, of Enfield. Their children — Peter, born March 6 [P<ige 187], 
]756. Henry, born Feb. 24, 1758. Heury, born Dec. 31, 1759. Abi- 
gail, born Jan. 1, 1762. Peter, born Dec. 22, 1763. Capt. George Pyn- 
cheon the father died June 26, 1797. Abigail the mother died Sept. 9, 
1810. Abigail the daughter was married June 19, 1780, to Jeremiah 
Piatt, of New Haven, Conn. 

5th Generation. Colonel Charles Pyncheon, of Springfield, commonly 
in his day known by the title of Doctor Pyncheon, being an approved phy- 
sician, was son of Col. John and Phebe Pyncheon, and was married July 
30, 1749. to Anne Dwight, daughter of Henry Dwight, of Hatfield. Their 
children — Mary, born Feb. 1, 1753, died Oct. 23, 1802. Anna, born Dec. 
1, 1754, died Dec. 26, 1797. Mary was married May 9, 1782, to the Hon. 
Samuel Lyman, who died June 6, 1802. Anna was married, May, 1786, 

48 Longmeadow Families. [Jan. 

to Colonel Joseph Williams, and died without issue. Col. Charles Pyn- 
cheon the father died August 19, 1783. Anna the mother died Dec. 22, 

6th Generation. Major William Pyncheon, of Springfield, son of Wil- 
liam and Sarah Pyncheon, was married- Nov. 13, 1766, to Lucy Harris, 
daughter of Lieut. Robert Harris and Bathshua his wife. Their children 
— Erastus, born Oct. 19, 1767. Stephen, born Jan. 31, 1769. Loice, 
born Oct. 6, 1770, died June 8, 1781. Bathshua, born July 27, 1772. 
Edward, born Nov. 14, 1774, died March 17, 1830. William, born Dec. 
11, 1776. Joseph, born Aug. 23, 1779. Loice, born Jan. 1, 1782, died 
Jan. 3, 1782. Major William Pyncheon the father died March 24, 1808. 
Bathshua the daughter was married, May, 1799, to the Rev. Ebenezer 
Gay, of Suffield. 

\_Page 183.] 5th Generation. John Pyncheon, of Springfield, son of 
William and Sarah Pyncheon, was married, Dec. 8, 1768, to Lucy Horton, 
daughter of Capt. John Horton and Mary his wife, of Springfield. Their 
children — John, born Nov. 12, 1769. Lucy, born March 1, 1771. Lucy, 
Dec. 16, 1772. Daniel, born March 3, 1775. Daniel, born Feb. 12, 1781. 
[ Vacant to page 190.] 

John Rumrill, of Enfield, son of Simon and Sarah Rumrill, was mar- 
ried, Feb. 14, 1728, to Abigail Chandler, daughter of Henry and Lydia 
Chandler, of Enfield. Their children — John, born Aug. 16. 1728, died 
Jan. 19, 1809. Abigail, born March 1, 1730, died Feb. 1787. Martha, 
born Oct. 14, 1731. Nehemiah, born Sept. 5, 1733, died Jan. 14, 1805. 
Sarah, born June 6, 1735, died Dec. 11, 1805. Lydia, born Feb. 18, 1737. 
Mehitable, born April 6, 1739, died Nov. 11, 1809. Hannah, born March 
19, 1741, died 1809. Simeon and Henry, born July 3, 1743. Ebenezer, 
born July 16, 1745, died Dec. 17, 1801. John Rumrill the father died 
Nov. 28, 1770, age 66. Abigail his widow died Jan 21, 1772. 

John Rumrill, of Enfield, son of John and Abigail Rumrill above, was 
married Nov. 18, 1762, to Sarah Bliss, daughter of Ebenezer and Sarah 
Bliss, of Longmeadow. Their children — John, born April 27, 1763, 
drowned Oct. 11, 1789. Sarah, born Sept. 5, 1764. Elijah, born June 
14, 1766. Silence, born Feb. 3, 1768. Amasa, born March 14, 1770. 
Abigail, born March 22, 1772. Catherine, born March 17, 1774. Mar- 
tha, born June 14, 1777, died June 10, 1809. Asahel, born August 20, 
1781. John Rumrill the father died Jan. 19, 1809. 

Nehemiah Rumrill, of Longmeadow, son of John and Abigail Rumrill 
above, was married March 9, 1758, to Alice Parsons, daughter of Nathan- 
iel and Alice Parsons, of Enfield. Their children — Penelope, born Aug. 
2, 1758, died Aug. 20, 1758. Penelope, born Aug. 13, 1759. Alice, born 
Nov. 27, 1761. Asa, born May 8, 1764. Susanna, born Nov. 28, 1766, 
died July 28, 1767. Levi, born June 29, 1768. Susannah, born Jan. 14, 
1771, died Feb. 27, 1786. Alexander, born Aug. 18, 1773. Lucy, born 
Feb. 13, 1776. Ruth, born Dec. 21, 1778. Margaret, born April 11, 
1781. Alice Rumrill the mother died Nov. 18, 1804. Nehemiah Rum- 
rill the father died Jan. 14, 1805. 

[Page 191.] Ebenezer Rumrill, of Longmeadow, son of John and 
Abigail Rumrill, was married Dec. 1. 1767, to Eleanor Cooley, daughter of 
Josiah and Experience Coolev. Their children — Simeon, born March 14, 
1768. Elam, born Nov. 8, 1770. Eleanor, born July 6, 1772. Ebene- 
zer, born Sept. 11, 1774, died April 1, 1775. Ebenezer, born Dec. 7, 1775, 
died Sept. 12, 1777. Ebenezer, born Sept. 19, 1777, died Nov. 8, 1777. 

1884.] Longmeadow Families. 49 

Eleanor the mother died Oct. 21, 1777. Ebenezer Rumrill the father was 
married again, Sept. 3, 1780, to Mary Bliss, widow of Asahel Bliss and 
daughter of Stephen and Mary Chandler. Their children — Triphene, born 
Sept. 24, 1784. Betsey, born Nov. 15, 1787. Ebenezer Rumrill the fa- 
ther died Dec. 17, 1801. Mary his widow died Aug. 17, 1810. 

Levi Rumrill, of Longmeadow, son of Nehemiah and Alice Rumrill, 
was married April 12, 1792, to Elizabeth Bliss, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Sarah Bliss. Their children — Lorin, born May 29, 1793. Asa, born Feb. 
22, 1795. Betsey, born Jan. 16, 1797. Chauncy, born Nov. 27, 1798. 
\ Miranda, born July 2, 1801. Sophia, born June 13, 1803. Elizabeth the 

mother died April 22, 1816. [ Vacant to page 193.] 

Emery Russell, of Longmeadow, son of William and Sarah Russell, of 
Somers, was born March 19, 1750, and was married to Eleanor Smith, of 
Ashford. Their children — Emery, born April 6, 1784. Eleanor, born 
i Feb. 2, 1786. Emery, born March 15, 1789. Emery Russell the father 

died Sept. 14, 1807. Eleanor the daughter was married, Oct. 27, 1803, to 
Jehiel Spencer, of Somers, son of Jonathan Spencer. 

Joseph Scott, of Longmeadow, son of Moses and Mary Scott, of Row- 
ley, state of Massachusetts, was born March 7, 1768, and was married, Dec. 
16, 1798, to Eunice Merrit, daughter of Thomas and Zilpha Men-it, of 
Brooklyn, state of Connecticut. Their children — Joseph, born April 30, 
1801. George, born Nov. 4, 1802, died April 12, 1827. Harriet and 
Family, born April 11, 1805. William, born April 26, 1807. Mary, born 
June 27, 1809. Moses, born May 30, 1812. The five first of the above 
children were born in Brooklyn, Connecticut. Eunice, born April 26, 1818. 

\_Page 194.] Robert Silcock, of Longmeadow. He came from the city 
of Worcester, in England, as a soldier in the British service in the Revo- 
lutionary war. Being a weaver, he followed that occupation, and was mar- 
ried May 1, 1781, to Sarah Stebbins, daughter of Jonathan and Abigail 
Stebbins. She died March 19, 1825, age 71. Their children — John, born 
Feb. 15, 1782. Sarah, born Nov. 19, 1783, died Sept. 4, 1819, age 36. 
Mary, born July 10, 1785, died Oct. 20, 1840, married Seth Taylor. Wil- 
liam Collin, born Feb. 16, 1787. Nancv, born June 30, 1789. Clarissa, 
bom Feb. 1, 1792. Robert, born Feb. 2, 1794, died Feb. 24, 1818. Phe- 
be, born Nov. 28, 1795, died Nov. 4, 1819. Lyman, bom Feb. 21, 1798. 
Robert Silcock the father died March 21, 1806, age 49, born May, 1757. 
Clarissa married Ethan Taylor. Mary the daughter was married Sept. 21, 
1806, to Seth Taylor. Nancy married . 

[Page 195.] Israel Spencer, of Longmeadow, son of Jonathan Spen- 
cer, of Somers, was married Jan. 19, 1775, to Ruth Wright, daughter of 
Samuel Wright, of Somers. He died Jan. 22, 1825, age 77. Their child- 
ren — Ruth and Jerusha, born Aug. 5, 1779. Jerusha died Oct. 2, 1834, 
age 55. Ruth the daughter was married Feb. 26, 1796, to Micah King. 
Jerusha was married Jan. 8, 1802, tc Henry Ellis, who died Nov. 3, 1810. 
See page 128. [Page 196.] 

[To be continued.] 

What we are working for. — Let it not be thought that we are working for ourselves 
alone, nor for those only who are now living; but let us remember that thousands yet un- 
born will bless the pious hands that rescued from oblivion or destruction our precious 
records. Nor is it to New England only that we devote our labor and our efforts. The star 
of empire has risen in the western sky, and its trail of light streams across the continent, 
touching the rock of Plymouth upon the Atlantic coast.— Hon. William Whiting, LL.D. 

vol. xxxyiiL 5* 


The Bonython Family of Maine* 



By Dr. Charles £. Banks, Passed Assistant Surgeon U. S. Marine-Hospital Service. 



The Bonython Flagox.t 

Bonython Arms. 

[Argent, a chevron between 
three fleurs de lis sable.] 

The name of Bonython* is one 
of the most ancient and aristo- 
cratic in the county of Cornwall, 
England. Its antiquity is shown 
in the records which tell us that 
they were possessed of the Bony- 
thon Manor continuously from 
the 14th century to the begin- 
ning of the 18th century, and the social position of the family is 
certified by their intermarriage with the leading families of Corn- 
wall for four centuries. 

One Simon de Boniton in the middle of the 13th century was 
despatched to Ireland as a royal messenger (Pipe, 38 Hen. III., 
Rot. I. dors), and in 1397 another Simon Bonython, with his son 
Gawin, had license for an Oratory within the city of Exeter. [Bp. 
Stufferd Reg. folio 12.] 

• The pronunciation of this name is to be made by accenting the second syllable and 
rhyming it with " python " — Bo-ny'-thon. It means a furzy abode. 

f A number of years a<?o, at the death of a lady who resided near St. An^tell. there was 
discovered among her effects a curious old jug of stoneware which had been preserved in 
her family as a precious heir-loom. A label attached to the flagon contained the following 
inscription: " Date of this jug 1593. It was used at the coronation banquet of James I. 
and VI. of Scotland by one of the Bonython family who officiated at the banquet." The 
lady's property came into the market, passed into other hands and became the object of a 
long and interesting search instituted by the present owner about 1879, which readers of 
the London " Notes and Queries " may remember to have noticed. Success rewarded his 
efforts, and now it is attain in the possession of a member of the historic family, Mr. John 
Langdon Bonython of Adelaide, South Australia, who has kindly loaned the above engrav- 
ing of his ancestral flagon and the family arms to illustrate this article. It is by his aid and 
at his suggestion, that the writer has prepared this genealogy, and students of our early colo- 
nial history will be glad to learn that one of the Bonythons still lives, although at the an- 
tipodes, who has a sympathetic interest in helping us to know more of our ancestors. It 
will be remembered that the poet Whitticr uses John Bonython as a character in " Mogg 
Megone," and Mr. J. L. Bonython has an autograph letter from the poet, acknowledging 
the error of his verse. The poet Longfellow is also connected with the Bonythons by de- 
scent, and thus two of our great literary lights lend an this family name. 

1884.] The Bonython Family of Maine. 51 

The Bonythons of Bonython were seated in the Lizard district of 
Cornwallin the parish of Cury,* a bleak wild track on the serpen- 
tine formation, and notwithstanding their remote situation they be- 
came conspicuous figures in the political agitations of that period 
which culminated in the stormy days of the Stuart dynasty. Seve- 
ral branches issued from the parent stock, the most opulent of which, 
through a fortunate marriage, became possessed of Carelew, in My- 
lor, and is desisjnatad as the Bonvthons of Carelew to distinguish 
them from the elder house which held the ancient manor. f We 
shall not have occasion to follow out this junior line, as the Maine 
family were descended from the elder branch, and it will only be 
necessary to state that in 1749 the Carelew estate passed out of the 
iamily by sale, as in 1702 the Bonython manor had been alienated 
by the elder branch. 

Bonython manor is a plain substantial building with a granite 
front, facing the sea, which it overlooks at a distance of about two 
miles bv the vallevs of Poliew and Gunwalloe. The view from the 
front of the house is a most extensive one, unusually so, as most of 
the ancient Cornish houses are built quite on the side of the hill or 
in the valley. On the lower part of the estate, in a small planta- 
tion, is a group of magnificent rocks, the grandeur of which strikes 
v the beholder at the first glance. One of these — the topmost — is 

named the Fire or Bonfire Rock, and is probably a relic of the Dru- 
idic religion. [Western Antiquary (Supplement), pt. iv. 204.] 



1. Ralph 1 Bonython, of Bonython, Cornwall, paid a subsidy in the 

parish of Cury, 15 Henry VIII. He married twice, probably, (1) 
Elizabeth Downe, and (2) Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Eliz- 
abeth Erissey [Inq. Post. Mort. (James Erissey), 35 Hen. VIII. 
62; comp. Coles Esch. Harl. Mss., No. 757, p. 3$~], and had issue : 

^ 2. i. Richard, son and heir. 

ii. Edmond, had issue two daughters : 1. Katharine, 3 who m. Thomas Godol- 

phin ; and 2. Margaret. 3 
iii. John, d. a. p. 

2. Richard 2 Bonython (Ralph 1 ), also paid subsidy as above at the 
same time, but died the next year (1535), as his wife Jane, daughter 
and heir of John Durant of Pensinans, Cornwall, was a widow 16 
Henry VIII., at Bodmin, where she was taxed. He had issue : 

3. i. John, son and heir. 

ii. James, paid subsidy in Mullion, 1 Elizabeth [Lay. Subsidy, 87-218] ; m. 
Margerie, daughter of John Melhuise, of Truro, Merther, by whom 
he had : I. John,* of St. Columb Major, who m. Margerie, daughter 
of John Kerne, alias Tresilian ; 2. Robert*; 3. Nicholas* a burgess, 
who m. Anne, daughter of Hugh Monday of Tregony ; 4. Thomas* 

* Subsidies had been paid on the manor since 15 Hen. VIII. 

t " Carelew hath (after the Cornish manner) well-nigh metamorphosed the name of 
Master Bonithon, his owner, unto his own." [Carew, Survey of Cornwall (1602), p. 365.] 
Another branch of the family was seated at Tresadem in St. Columb Major. [Lake, Pa- 
rochial Hist, of Cornwall, i. 234.] 


52 The Bonython Family of Maine, [Jan. 

a goldsmith of Cheapside, London, who m. Alice, daughter of Humph- 
rey Purforoy of Leicestershire. 

iii. Janet, m. Tregolles. 

iv. Christian, m. Nicholas Davy. 

v. Bersaba, m. John Davy. 

vi. Elizabeth, m. (1) William Condon ; (2) Peter Cooke. 

vii. Isabelle, m. James Pawley. 

viii. Charity. 

3. John 3 Bonython {Richard, 2 Ralph 1 ), paid a subsidy in the parish of 

Curry, 1559 ; he married Eleanor, daughter and co-heir of Job 
Myllaytou of Pengerswick Castle, St. Breock, Kirrier ; Governor 
of St. Michael's Mount. [Lake, Parochial History of Cornwall, i. 
134, 137.] The Myllaytons became possessed of Pengerswick Cas- 
tle, temp. Henry VIII,, and Job Myllayton was made governor of 
St. Michaels in 1547 in place of Humphrey Arundell of Helland, 
who was executed for treason. Issue : 

4. i. Reskymer, son and heir. 

5. ii. Richard, the emigrant to Maine, 
iii. Edmond. 

iv. William. 

v. John, Captain of Pendennis Castle. 

vi. Elizabeth, m. Henry Pomeroy, Mayor of Tregony, 15 April, 1600. 

vii. Anne, m. Walter Roscarrock, 15 Oct. 1606. 

4. Resktmer 4 Bonython (John? Richard, 2 Ralph 1 ), was High Sheriff 

of Cornwall, 17 James I. [Tonkin, History of Cornwall, I. 287], and 
died 6 April, 1G27 [Inq. Post Mort. 17 Chas. I. (pt. i.) No. 73] ; 
married Loveday, daughter of William Kendall of Lostwithiel 
[Carew, Survey of Cornwall (1602), p. 109], by whom he had 
issue : 

6. i. Thomas, b. 1594, son and heir. 

6. Thomas 5 Bonython (Reshymer? John? Richard? Ralph 1 ), " was a 

captain in the Low Countries and much consumed his patrimony." 
[Tonkin Mss.] He married Francisca, daughter of Erasmus Wal- 
ler, Esq., of London* [Visitations of Cornwall, 1530, 1575, 1620, 
ed. Vivian], by whom he had issue: 

7. i. John, b. 1618, son and heir. 

7. John 6 Bonython ( Thomas? Reshjmer? John? Richard? Ralph}), 

married Anne, daughter of Hugh Trevanion of Trelegan, by whom 
he had issue : 

8. i. Charles, son and heir. 

8. Charles 7 Bonython (John? Thomas? Reshjmer? John? Richard? 

Ralph 1 ), Steward of the Court of Westminster, 1683 ; represented 
the city of Westminster in Parliament, 1685; Sergeant-at-Law at 
Gray's Inn, 1692. [Wynne, Sergeant-at-Law, p. 90.] He sold 
the manor of Bonython in 1702 to Humphrey Carpenter, and three 
years later. 30 April, 1705, " in a fit of madness, shot himself in 
his own house in London. "f By wife Mary Livesay of Livesay, 
Lincolnshire, he had issue : 

• According to Tonkin [Hist, of Cornwall], i. 287, he married Frances, daughter of Sir 
John Parker of London, but it may have been a second marriage. 

f May 1, 1705. "Yesterday Mr. Sargeant Bonython, steward of Westminster Court, 
shot himself through the body with a pistoll." [Luttrell.] 

'■ . 

1884.] The Bonython Family of Maine, 53 

i. Richard, eldest son and heir ; " an ingenious gentleman," says Tonkin, 

" but being tainted likewise with his father's distemper, set fire 

to his chamber in Lincoln's Inn, burnt all his papers, bonds, &c, and 
then stabbed himself with his sword, but not effectually ; he then 
threw himself out of the window and died on the spot." [History of 
Cornwall, i. 287; Comp. Luttrell, Brief Relation, i. 215, and v. 

ii. John, the second son, King's College, Cambridge, B.A. 1717 ; M.A. 
1721. While an undergraduate he wrote a Latin poem which was 
published in 1714 by some Cambridge students. He became an emi- 
nent physician in Bristol. He is mentioned in the will of his cousin 
Jane (Bonython) Kempe of Carclew, 1749. [Records Consistory 
Court, Exeter.] 

iii. [Daughter], m. Thomas Pearce of Helston. 

5. Richard* Bonython {John, 3 Richard? Ralph 1 ), was baptized at St. 
Columb Major, 3 April, 1580, the second son of John 3 Bonython 
of Bonython. It is possible that he is the Richard Bonython who 
was Comptroller of the Stannaries of Cornwall and Devonshire, 
1603 and 1604, and keeper of the Gaol at Lostwithiel in 1603 
[Calender of State Papers, Domestic]. He came to Saco in 1631, 
bringing with him, as a copartner of Thomas Lewis, a patent, dated 
12 February, 1629-30, for a large tract of land four miles by eight 
upon the East side of the Saco River, of which livery of seizen was 
given 28 June, 1631, following. His associate had "already been 
at the charge to transport himself and others to take a view of New 
England for the bettering his experience in the advancing a planta- 
tion," as is recited in the grant. I suppose that his emigration to 
this almost unknown land may be explained by recalling that he 
was not in the line of succession to the family seat and honors, his 
brother Reskymar having in 1620 a son and grandson to inherit the 
property. I judge also that he had been a soldier in some of the 
French wars, perhaps serving with Sir Ferdinando Gorges, from 
whom he imbibed some of the enthusiasm of " that grave knight " 
respecting the New England. This seems to be confirmed by his 
universal title of " Captain Bonython," as well as by a letter from 
Richard Vines to John Wiuthrop, 25 January, 1640, in which he 
says : "It seems the governor [Dudley] makes a question that Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges was not in the Ffrench wars in his tyme. Capt. 
Bonython intreats me to write a word or two thereof,"* and then 
he proceeds to detail the facts as stated by him. This martial ca- 
reer secured to him an authoritative position among the early set- 
tlers, and he was undoubtedly a local magistrate under the " combi- 
nation " government of Richard Vines, before the arrival in 1635 of 
Deputy Governor William Gorges. When this new executive offi- 
cer arrived, he organized his first court 25 March, 1635-6, at the 
house of Captain Richard Bonython, who was then appointed one 
of the Provincial Commissioners, and in 1640, under the first char- 
ter, he was appointed one of the Councillors to Deputy Governor 
Thomas Gorges. We have no means of estimating his character 
except through negative testimony, and it is a legitimate inference 
that he must have been a man of ability and honor to have retained 
the respect and confidence of his fellow citizens for so many years. 
The court records are free from any charges impugning his moral, 

• 4 Mass. Hist. Coll. vii. Winthrop Papers. 

54 The Bonython Family of Maine. [Jan. 

social or political character, and to this is added the positive evi- 
dence that as a judge he spared not his own son from the utmost 
rigors of the law. One scrap of exemporaneous history affords us 
a sidelight into his character. Rev. Thomas Jenner, the Puritan 
minister at Saco [1640-6 J, writing to Governor Winthrop, says: 
M M r Vines & the captaine [Richard Bonython] both haue timely 
expressed themselves to be utterly against church-way, saying their 
patent doth prohibit the same." Parson Jenner's t; church-way " 
did not suit loyal Captain Richard or Deputy Governor Vines, for 
the latter says : " I like Mr. Jenner his life and conversacion and 
also his preaching, if he would lett the Church of England alone ; 
that doth much trouble me to hear our mother church questioned 
for her impurity vpou every occasion.''* Richard Bonython served 
as Councillor through 1645, and died about 1650. [Folsom, Saco 
and Biddeford, 113.] By wife, whose name I judge to be Lucretia, 
he had issue : 

9. i. John, son and heir. 

ii. , m. Richard Foxwell. 

iii. , m. Richard Cummings. 

9. John* Bonython (Richard* John, 3 Richard, 2 Ralph 1 ), born certainly 
before 1620, was the opposite of his father, for he lived a life of 
debauchery and outlawry during twenty years of his existence. The 
first court held at his father's house in 1636, brings him to view as 
the father of an illegitimate child, and his excesses developed to such 
a degree in 1645, that " threatening to kill and slay any person that 
should lay hands on him," the court, at which his father again sat, 
adjudged him " outlawed and incapable of any of his Majesty's laws, 
and proclaimed] him a Rebell." [York Court Records.] After 
Massachusetts assumed control of the government of Maine in 1652, 
he refused to submit to her government, and so far carried his guer- 
ilia warfare that the General Court proclaimed him an outlaw and 
offered a price upon his head to the person who would bring him to 
Boston alive or dead. This seemed to have the desired effect, and 
submitting to their authority in 1658, he behaved himself for a few 
years until the Restoration, when the Gorges party once more came 
to the front in Maine. Then he uuloosed his bonds again, and de- 
fied his late political masters in an insulting letter to the Massachu- 
setts magistrates. In 1668 the tables were again turned, and 
although Bonython remained recalcitrant, he found, after three more 
years of ineffectual opposition, that submission was the wisest 
course, and he wrote the magistrates a letter asking them to pardon 
his past offences, alleging that he " was blinded by a letter from 
Mr. Gorge." [Mass. Arch, xlviii. 103.] His offences were not 
always of a political nature, for he quarrelled with his brother in 
law, Richard Foxwell, in 1654, and tore down his house, for which 
he had to pay roundly when the court reviewed the case. In 1640 
he was sued for libel by Rev. Richard Gibson (who had married 
Mary Lewis, the daughter of his father's partner), in that he had 
called him " a base priest, a base knave and a base fellow," besides 
slandering his wife.j The court gave the plaintiff a verdict of 

• 4 Mass. Hist. Coll. vii. Winthrop Papers. 

t He was probably the instigator of the charges against Gibson's wife, recounted in the 
letter to Winthrop, 14 Jan. 1678-9, and we may suppose that jealousy was the cause of the 
trouble. [5 Mass. Hist. Coll. i. 267.] 



1884.] The Bony thon Family of Maine, 55 

£6. 6. 8. and costs 12s. 6d. This is a record unusually crowded 
with the events of a disreputable career, and it is not at all certain 
that the story is complete.* We are relieved, however, to learn that 
in 1666 he had so far obtained the confidence of his towns people 
as to be placed on a trial jury, but that is the extent of his public 
services, as far as can be learned.f At the outbreak of the Indian 
hostilities in Maine, 1675, his house was burned about September 
of that year, and with his family he fled to Marblehead for safety. 
There, 17 February, 1676, "in his last sickness," he made his will, 
from which we learn the names of his wife and children [ante, xxxiv. 
99]. This date may be taken as the time of his decease; but 
though dead, his fame will not only live in Whittier's " Mogg Me- 
gone," but in an epitaph still preserved, which sums up his life in 
expressive rhyme : 

" Here lies Bonython the Sagamore of Saco 
He lived a rogue and died a knave and went to Hobbowocko."J 

Folsom says " He was buried at his own request near the river 
on the line separating one division of his estate from that of [James] 
Gibbins. A man who lives near the spot informs us that having 
had frequent occasion to pass it when a boy, .... he was often told 
that the 'governor of Saco' lay buried there." [History Saco and 
Biddeford, |1 1 6. J § His estate was not administered until 1732, 
when the property was found to consist of 5000 acres of land valued 
at 18 shillings per acre, which was divided among his heirs. 

By wife Agnes he had issue : 

i. John', " the eldest sonne," b. 1654; selectman, 1685; removed to New- 
castle, N. H., 1689, where he was living in 1694. He had children : 1. 
Richard, 1 of Newcastle, a cordwainer, who was living there in 1713, but 
died before 1732 ; 2. Patience, 1 m. John Collins. She was the only 
heir of John Bonython, Jr., living in 1732, to take part in the division 
of the estate. 

ii. Elinor, m. Church well. This daughter inherited her father's moral 
proclivities. She was examined, 20 Sept. 1667, on a charge of bas- 
tardy, and being convicted was punished in the usual way by standing 
in a white sheet in public meeting, but her father paid the alternate of 
£5 fine. 

iii. Gavrioan.|| In 1672, this son had a suit at law against George Norton 
in the New Hampshire courts. [Mass. Arch, xxxix. 413.] 

iv. Thomas, '" who then lay sick " at the date of his father's " last sick- 
ness. " Presented to the court in 1669 with his brother John " for liv- 
ing in a disorderly family in the house of their father, a contemner of 
this (Massachusetts) authority." [Folsom, 144.] 

v. Winnifred, m. [Robert] Nicholy. 


In 1683, as if to atone for bis past misdeeds and secure the good will of the people, he 
gave the town twenty acres of upland for the mini-tcr. [Folsom, 116.] 

f In 166o the townsmen elected him constable, hut he refused the honor and was fined 4s. 
for not taking the oath of office. [Folsom, 115.] 

X Hobbowocko is the devil of the Indians, according to Jocelyn, who says : " They ac- 
knowledge a God whom they call Squantan, but Abbowocko, or Chepie, many times 

smites them with incurable diseases, scares them with his apparitions and panic terrors, by 
reason whereof they live in consternation worshipping the Devil for fear." 

§ It is presumptuous to offer corrections to Folsom's accurate work, but I suggest that 
the tradition of the burial place of the " governor of Saco " refers to Captain Richard, his 
father, who was in fact a magistrate of the place. John may have been buried near his 

U This name, like Reskymer, is a Cornish surname, and possibly gives clue to the maid- 
en name of John's wife or mother. The Gavrigan family lived in St. Columb Major, where 
Capt. Richard Bonython was baptized. 

56 Ten Generations in New England. [Jan. 

This closes the record of a family of gentle blood who came to 
the Province of Maine to aid in the perpetuation of the feudal seig- 
nories of Old England. With this aristocratic scion of Bonython 
Manor were associated the almost royal Champernowne, owning 
kinship to the Plantagenets and Courtenays of England and the 
Montgomerys of France ; the gentle Joscelyn of the knightly house 
of Kent; the noble Cammock, related to the powerful Earl of War- 
wick, and Godfrey, who bore the arms of the renowned Godfrey of 
Buillon the chivalrous Kinsr of Jerusalem. All these men were 
the associates of Richard Bonython, but no one to-day bears the 
name of Bonython, Champernowne, Joscelyn, Cammock or God- 
frey in the state which they helped to found. The fate of the Bony- 
thon family in America bears a striking resemblance to the tragic 
end of the elder line in England, for the line of Richard the emi- 
grant tapers off miserably in the profligate "Sagamore of Saco," 
for we hear nothing of his son's descendants. In the female line, 
however, through the Cummings match, the families of Bragdon, 
Banks, Longfellow and others, deduce their pedigree, while from 
the Foxwell marriage several other Maine families can be traced, 
including Thornton and Libby. 

Note. — I am indebted to the Western Antiquary, Supplement, Part IV., March, 
1882, for the facts connected with the English portion of the family. This was fur- 
nished to me by Mr. John Langdon Bonython of Adelaide, South Australia, who 
had collected most of the material for that magazine. 


By Henbt E. Waite, Esq., of West Newton, Mass. 

THE result of an attempt to discover all the New England an- 
cestors of a family of the present generation, is shown upon 
the accompanying folded sheet, which is submitted for additions and 

The arrangement is as follows, to wit : Each column represents 
a different generation : 

The dash ( — ) indicates that no more can be found in New Eng- 
land : 

The dots ( . . ) reserve a space for those not yet discovered : 

The asterisk (*) distinguishes names and dates not established as 

One name is found in the eleventh generation, viz. : Hugh Las- 
kin, of Salem, father of Editha, wife of Henry Herrick. Each 
name is an index to material in hand relating to the family and gen- 
eration of which it is a part. 

Several of the lines of ancestry can readily be extended in Old 
England, where some were of gentle rank and ancient estate. 

J. II: 







-BROUGHTON. | Old England* 

) Old Englcuid* 



— IjUCivAAiM. 




_ J 


( harlcstoum, 








Old Ens'-'-'" 1 * 




c - 




b. 1608.' ' 






b. 1653. b. 1641, 





— ~ ~) Old England* 

"} Old England* 

Cmctnt, Uxlngtan. 



Salt*. Nr.cinry. BraoijUIJ. 

Ciarlttirnm, Ituighain. Providence. 

Umrhilavm. Itingham. Afarih/eld. 

Weymittth. Stiluntc. 


ReitHty. Weeditact. !■■ ■' 

Rttvlry, Middltknn 
Ilea../,,,/. Ml/-: 

ti/Vpi./W.-i. l!-i,(.-r;.-: 


Utlisn. Wolcriown. 

Sciluole. Manifield. 



Cambridge. DHxIury. tfrtu landau. 


Raxlur/. Cretan, CI. 

Morse. Joseph. 

Piekce. John. 

Shattuck. — 






Sils. 1:1:1.1. 

— Bf.sjamin. -p John 

j- Eliiabctli. 

•j- Jonathan. _ H 

7- Abigail, J 

■- '6J3.* it. 1683. 


T- ANNA m. , 71f . JOHN WAITE. 
WtlttrlJwt, LtxhgKa, 

b.J7«. b.1708. 


7-3°™- TJ° IIS - 

7- Mary. >" 

^- Nathaniel. — Joanna. 

7- Sarah. J 

7- Augustine* -r- Edward, 
7- Hannah.* 

7- Mu7.« 



-p Deborah. 

Broai/btJ, Sudbury, 

NICHOLSON BROUGHTON fii. , M9 . sarah.-t-Jojei 

Afarbfebead, Alartteht ' 

I). 1714. b. 1730 


— JOHN. 






— EltabUh. 

^ r 

-p Esllicr. 

T*~ J 

-p McliilnUc. 

JM r " 


j-Sotatf yNtopliorj. — Mercy. 
7- riulinnx' ^ 

J """ 

- I-'li.-iilitlll. 
r Joshua. 


7- Roger, 
j- Mary. 


Alarllelnad Atartlrlitad, 

lOllNSON. Iiiiin. 

Ha ac — Nathakiel.— S 

1* Kluabcih. y 
Uwrtnec.— Marie. ^ 

Man'. ~ 

— -7- Thomas. "P 5 " 

Samuel -,- Sarah. _ J 

John. ^John. 
Mob* -j- Sarah. 

— KJiiafacdL y 


Starr. Comfort. 

Brewster. William. 

Kicliard. -j- John. 
-\.Um.\i' -j- Bridge!. 
FiWu. 7- John. 

.'■.'.iil,.irii.;l.__ \.,t!, 1 in, I 
loan. T 

1: : - ; . T ,:^ 

John.* _- Thomas. 

William. T-Miiiy. 
Maty. T 

- -^-AnUiony. 

Simon* Christian. 

fun. y- Mary- 

j™„, ; ,n, ^Hannah 

lama. -^-Jamcs. 
Margery. ^ 

T „., 
J" - 

J 8 '""™' 

J '■ 


-p Ellrabcth. 

JJ ' ^J 

-p Elistbclti. 




T """"' " 
T """'""■ ' 


ft.W.c. / 

in. 18= 



Afart/tfoad, ,!/,„,/,( ' 

V Mary. -p Wiltian 

T N: "" :micL 



Deborah. -,- W 








-r- John. 
^ Sarah, 
-p IlicUaid 

^ Hannah. 



^- Otcn. 
~T Daniel. 

-[- Daniel. 




U T" 


T J 







x :: 

^ Sarah. 

i : 

V. Abigail. 

— NORMAN. "*. Mtrblfhtad. Sahm. 

AtarHtktad. DtrthuU 

— Joseph. 

V. Mary. 

V. Mchiiabl 


v. Ellmbclli 

v Dorothy. 

T Z 

~^ Ocanorl 

T; MicllAcl. 

-^ Daniel. 

-^ Mark. 

T - 

-^- Richard. 
-T;. HerTr, * 

t; ;; 
~C ;; 

-^- LCdmu'nd. 


v Elir-iljcitL 

t: ~ 

-5- David.- 

T Z 
~Z Z 


v Abigail, 
__ Richard. 
~ Sarah. 

— Thomas. 
v Ann. 

— Fnmcii. 
^ Mary. 

v Agnes. 

_- KichanL 
v Ediih. 


. — Willi* 
^ Sarah. 
^ liltolnlr 








Atarilthtad. Chatlaltvm, 







■ .1 OVliB. "> 

A/ortUAtajL Salm. 


S*/ t m. 


SittM. Sneo, All. 



1, Uacok 

u. Rkmi. 

SlT.Ni 1 11. 

s.,1,,;. Camtridrt, Dtdka 


Lynn. Cambridge. 




Lynn, Reading. 



M.trblthtad. Ciarliiliawi. 









Afarbltkead. I)tui/m. 

M„rH.-/!e,,J. //..,/,",. 

Murikkead. Sail*, 

llioniat llioni.i 
iltolKlh. — 


...... y. 

-r- William. 


Jonnh, llll.ti 


Thomas. LvM>f- 




.l/j. bU'itad. Lynn. 


Mart It head, BaltM. 


Marblthtad. WMir llaris'. 

iVnubury. Giarltl/w. 

Oaver. Neirbary. 

Marllehead. Bistrlf. Si/em. 


Saltm. Mpncaih. 

S,l,n.,U. HawflM. Duihw 



Utatrh. Sale'" 

Mat Jen, CharlalBfeii. 
MMrn. CtiarUltmon. 

1 ■kartell'**, 

Each gaiictniloi 

Each name is a 

10 material in 

1884.] Ten Generations in New England. 57 

The source of information relied upon in this work has been 
a personal examination of the public records of towns, counties and 
colonies. The uncertainty of correspondence and printed histories 
is illustrated in the following instances, viz. : 

I. In reply to a communication with the usual fee enclosed, a 
town clerk kindly sent a list of the name asked for, but not the par- 
ticular family wanted. After a tedious personal examination of the 
records of surrounding towns and of the county, without success, a 
venture into the original town to verify the clerk's list revealed the 
missing family upon a page of the records which he had overlooked. 

II. According to tradition, Patience Sprague — who married 
William Jenks, of Rhode Island, and had a son Jonathan Jenks — 
was supposed to have been a daughter of the first Jonathan Sprague, 
but in the printed history of the family by Hosea Sprague, it is 
stated that Jonathan Sprague, born at Hingham in 1648, removed 
to Rhode Island, and left no posterity. This is repeated in Soule's 
memorial of the family, and even Judge Mitchell, in his history 
of Bridgewater, says he died at Hingham and left no posterity, 
while Savage's Dictionarv adds a wife Elizabeth and the birth 
of a daughter of the same name, July 21, 1670 — perhaps quoting 
from the Register, iii. 269, a correct transcript of the records of 
Weymouth, Mass. It appears from original sources of information, 
that there were three Jonathan Spragues in Rhode Island at the 
same time ; the eldest, born at Hingham in 1648, married Mehitable 
Holbrook, and removed to Rhode Island soon after 1675, where he 
was a Deputy from Providence to the General Assembly from 1695 
to 1714, and had children — Patience, Jonathan, Joanna, Persis and 
William — and died in 1741, aged 93 years, leaving numerous 

In Morse's history of Sherborn and Holliston, and in his Descend- 
ants of Ancient Puritans, he states that "Samuel Holbrook, Senior, of 
Weymouth, appears by his will of 1696, reported in Mitchell's his- 
tory of Bridgewater, to have left au estate to his children, Mehita- 
ble, wife of Jonathan Sprague," and others. This is quoted by 
Savage, who adds : "1 doubt if any more obscure family report can 
be discerned." A careful reading of Mitchell's Bridgewater — a vol- 
ume without an index — fails to discover any will reported there. 

In Deane's history of Scituate, however, is found an abstract of 
the will referred to, but an examination of the probate records of 
Plymouth County shows the maker of the will and father of the 
children to have been William, and not Samuel Holbrook. 

Samuel Holbrook, Senior, of Weymouth, was son of William, and 
his will, dated 1718 and proved 1719, names children correspond- 
ing with the registry of their births and marriages upon the records 
of Weymouth and Scituate. The confusing arrangement of his child- 
ren with those of his father by ''Morse" and "Vinton," and the 
acceptance of their " obscure report " by f Savage," seems to have 
originated with the error by * Deane " of a single word. 



Early Papers at Portsmouth, JV. H. 



[Copied from originals in possession of North Parish, Portsmouth, by Fkaxk. W. Hack.- 

ett, of Portsmouth.] 


Richard Martyn's Account with the Town of Portsmouth. 

1669 The Tows of Portsmo. 

To 10 bush corn to Guner Onion 

To pd Juo Brewster 

To pd Guner Onion 

To 1 bu^h corn to ditto 

To pd linger Knight 

To 3 lb great navies schoolhouse 

To 3 lb ditto to dicto 

To 1 lb duble tenns 

To 2 lb great navies 

To pd .lames Leach for work on ye 

To 2 pr stocking Guner Onyon 
To 3j cotton ditto 
To 16 dayes work James Leach on ye 

To 2 lb great nayles ditto 
To 1 lb nayles ditto 
To pd Edw Clarke for work on ditto 
To 2 qrs beefe to Onyon 
To pd Jno Sherbourn tor worke on 

To pd Emlin Purington for making 

clothes for Knight 

To pd Wm Richards & Rogr Call for 

work on schoolhouse 
To pd mr 1 1 unkings on ditto 
To 1 bush corn goodrn Onyon 
To more pd Edw: clarke for worke on 

schoolhouse 1 06 03 

To 2 qts rum at raising the schoolhouse 02 0t* 
To mine own charge ditto OS 00 

May 26 To money to mr Stileman 

1671 about ye town Bounds 05 00 

1672: 73 
To my charge at Boston Deputy 
To nayles about ye beisvheele 
To A belrope 

To my going to gen'll court 
To nayles to schoolhouse to Jno 

To pd mr Phillips to hanging ye bell 

& wheele 
To 48 lb porke to Joan Clemenee 
To pd preston for ringing ye bell 
To pd mr moodey in part of my rate 73 
To coats for ye meeting house 
To pd folinaby & Jno Deuet for work 

on ditto 

Carried over the ballance 








10 00 00 













00 07 06 

00 03 












14 GO 








03 00 




3 05 


18 00 

10 06 

26 07 01 

06 00 





29 03 10 


00 00 

1 09 

07 01 

10 00 

06 00 


10 00 


12 00 


10 00 


10 00 

10 06 

04 02 


10 04 


14 1 

1069 per Contra 

By my own rate 69 

By ledbrook's rate 

By mr Hunking's rate 

By Wm. Coleman's rate 

By Wm Cotton's rate 

By 8am Haines rate 

By Ja: Leach his rate 

By Rich: Sampsons rate 

By mr Cuming rate 

By Jno Denet x Jno Tomson 

By Jo Atkinson 

By Bernard Squire 

By Jno Jackson 

By Ladwick nowler 

By Edw: meleher's rate in the 

By Roger Calls rate in 70 

By Edw: Chirks rate 

By mr Waliis rate 




£ 8. 
02 00 

00 07 

01 00 00 
00 05 00 

00 14 00 

01 02 06 
00 OS Oi 

00 0.5 00 

01 05 00 
00 05 00 
00 C2 00 
00 02 06 
00 12 00 
00 05 CO 

yeare 70 00 06 00 

00 05 00 

01 00 00 

02 00 00 

12 02 06 

1670 By mr fnetchers rate 

By Ladwick ffovrlers rate 

By Wm Richards rate 

By Sam: Hayns for himself & his man 

By Jno Huntings rate 

By Rich Samsons rate 

By mine owne rate 

By Tho: Brackets rate 

By Robt. Ellets rate 

By mr Tho: Harvies rate 

By Jo: Halls rate 

By Abiell Lambe rate 

By Jno Partridge 

By 1 bush corn of Jo: Hall 

By James Leach his rate 

By Wm Hearls rate 

By Jno Cutt Senr of Portm 

By 1H lb pysessarry 

By Jno Keni-tone for 2 rates 

By Just: Richard 

By Jno Banlield 2 rate3 

By Rich: Samson's rate 

By mine own rate 72 

1672: 73 
By son Cutts rate 
By 2 M boards Phillip Lews 
By mine owne rate 73 
By son Cutts rate 73 
By Edward Mechers rate 72 
By ditto 73 
By Ledbrooks rate 

10 00 
12 00 
12 06 
2 05 00 
2 00 00 
07 00 
2 00 00 
10 0O 
12 06 
02 00 
10 00 
04 00 
15 0J 





06 00 
00 00 
06 09 
15 00 
07 00 

31 02 01 
2 10 00 

10 00 
10 00 
10 00 

05 00 

06 00 
15 00 
06 00 

44 14 01 

1 16 3 




Early Papers at Portsmouth^ JV. H. 


1674 Portsmo Dr. 

To ballance on ye other side 

To >£ lb bread to surveyors 

To nayles & line for ye meetinghouse 

To A shroud for Tho Williams 

To money to ye glazier 

To pd Wm Lucome per ordr 

To nayles to 

To 1529 foots board ditto 

To k lb nayles ditto 

To serving an attachmt upon Purmet 

To entering an aceom ditto y money 

To Rich. Weber to making Lucomes 

To my going to Gen'll Court 
To Ja: Brown for glass for ye school 

house money 
Pd Alex Denet for stock3 



£ 8. 


1 16 



00 00 


00 05 


3 05 




3 01 





4 00 



15 15 9 


To pd Oba: Mors for A lock for ye 
stocks money 02 

To one pe square timber for ye meet- 
ing house 

To I pd ditto to ditto 

To 2 M shingle nayles school house 

To pd Rob't Burnain for meeting house 

To Wm Richards in bread & rum at 
fetching ditto 

To A psent mt County Court in money 

To pd John Denet for worke on ye 
meeting house 

To pd flbllinsbie on schooles 

To pd Alex: Denet for worke on ye 

meeting house 


"o 15 





18 19 6 

Of this accot I have expended in money 
fourty nine shill 

4 16 
3 8 

£ 1 8 
ffebr2oth: 1676-7 

Errours excepted. 

Richard Martyn 

Mr Martines Accompt to 76-7 

By Caleb Stephins rate 

By Jno Bowmans rate p Oba: Morss 

By mine own rate 

By Antho: EUins rate 

By Josiah Chirks rate 

By Jno Denets rate p S Keaies 

By Wm Hearls rate ditto 

By Obadi: Mors his rate ditto 

By Geo: Lavers rate ditto 

By Son Cutts rate ditto 

By Edw. Melchers rate 74 

By Jno. Brackets rate 74 

By Deacon Haynes &. his son Sams 

rate 74 
By Tho. Wacoms rate 74 
By Matthias Haines rate 74 
By Phillip Severets race 74 
By Benj Stars rate 74 
By Ledbrooks rate 73 p Obad 
By Rich. Webers rate 74 
By Isaac Phillips rate 74 
By Jno Kelleys rate 74 
By Leonard Weeks rate 74 
By Jno Kenistous rate 73 p Oba: Mors 
By Sjmon Eares rate 74 


£ s. d. 
10 00 

15 00 

1 03 00 
07 00 
03 00 
04 06 
05 00 


09 09 
05 06 
03 06 
03 06 

17 06 

04 06 

03 06 




Morss 06 00 
00 CO 
03 06 
02 06 

04 06 

1 06 00 
02 06 

By Dan: Duggin & Jas Joans p Sam 

By mr Tho: his rate 74 
By James Johnsons rate by Purmet 
By Goodman Becks rate by ditto 
By Goodman lloskins by ditto 
By Jno. Lewes by ditto 
By mr Bar-hams rate 74 S Keaies 
By Jno Bowmans rate 74 
By mr Hen: Sherbourn rate 74 
By Jno Partridge his rate 76 
By Alex: Dennets rate 76 
By .Ino Denets rate 76 
By Sam: ffernalds rate 76 
By Wm Waker & Thos (iubtavles 74 
By Jno Bowmans rate 70 mi' Tucker 
By Jno Kenistons rate 76 

To ballance this accot this day 

9 05 06 

07 00 









03 05 










6 10 





14 03 

4 16 


18 19 6 


Letter of Committee of Town of Portsmouth to Capt. Elias 


Capt* Elias Stileman Portsmouth y e 28 May 1 67G. 

S r yours p m r Moodey came safe to our hand and in order to your 
desire y e Inhabitants convened this morning and agitated that Concerne, 
ye result of which is thus, by reason of sodaine a mo — upon so great Con- 
cerne requiring present xVnswer that ye main is left unresolved untell fur- 
ther Consideration what was done you have underneath. The vote of y e 
Towne as followeth That the Inhabitants have consented & are willing to 
Joyne with ye rest of this Jurisdiction to bare their equal proportion of ye 
charge of this present warr with y e Indians provided it Infringe not upon 

husett Jurisdiction. 
say y c Lord direct you in all that may tend to 
John Cutt Phi Lewis 

Tho Daniell Jo: IIarvie 

W m Vaughan John pickerin 

Nath Ffryer Nathan ell drake 

agreed upon at our first Articling w tu s a m 
"Wee have not farther to 
our welfare 

60 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 


By Henry F. "Waters, A.B., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from vol. xxxvii. page 3SS.] 

"William: Qfjicke, citizen and grocer of London, 26 October, 1614, 
proved 21 January, 1614. He mentions daughter Apphia, wife Elizabeth, 
daughter Elizabeth, daughter Debora, brother Nicholas Quieke and h'13 
children, the rest of brothers' and sisters' children, kinswoman Mary Mar- 
shall the younger, brother-in-law Thomas Hodges, merchant taylor, &e. 

" I give and bequeath to and amongest my three daughters aforesaid, all 
my pte of all such landes, tenements and hereditaments as shall from time 
to time be recovered, planted and inhabited' eyther in Virginia or in the 
somer Uandes heretofore called the Berinoodas togither w th all such mynes 
and mineralls of gold, silver and other mettalls or treasure, perles, precious 
stones or any kinde of wares and merchandices, comodities or profitts what- 
soever which shalbe obtayned or gotten in or by the said voyages and plan- 
tations accordinge to the adventure and portion of money that I have em- 
ployed to that use." Rudd, 1. 

[John Smith, in his " Generall Historie." Ed. 1626, page 126, gives the name of 
William Quieke in the List of the Adventurers for Virginia. — R. A. Brock, of 
Richmond, Va.] 

Thomas Golledge, his will in form of a letter written from Charde in 
Somerset, 10 May, 1645, and addressed to his wife Mrs. Mary Golledge at 
Chichester; proved by Mary Colledge, 1 June, 1648. 

" My Deere Wyffe I am now goinge in the service of my Lord and 
Master Jesus Christ. I knowe not liowe hee will dispose of my fraile lyfe 
in breife I shall desire thow wilt take all fitt opportunity yf the Lord soe 
dispose to leave thee w th out an husband as to transport my sweetepoore in- 
nocent children into New England or some such place voyd of Trouble be- 
cause the Lord ys ready to shoote his fiery darts of wrath against this sin- 
full land and yo u w th out an husband and they w th owt a ffather may suffer 
the black darknesse of Egiptiau Popery or Athisme pray sell what of mine 
is to bee sould for though I cannot w^owt helpe of a lawyer make a fformall 
will yet my desire in breife ys that thow bee my sole executor & have full 
power." Essex, 98. 

S.malehope Btgg, of Cranbrooke in the County of Kent, clothier, 3 
May, 1638, proved 3 October, 1638, by John Bigg. Brother John Bigg, 
of Maidstone, to be executor. To the poor of Cranbrooke ten pounds. 
To my Aunt Mary Bridger of West Peckham and her two sons, Robert 
and Thomas Betts ; to my kinswomen, the wife of William Hunt of Brench- 
ley, Anne Bottinge of Brenchley, widow, and the wife of John Saxby of 
Leeds ; to Judith, wife of Thomas Tadnall,late of Dover; to Godfrey Mar- 
tin of Old Romney and his sisters ; to the children of Robert Pell of New 
Romney, jurat, deceased. 

To my kinsfolk Thomas Bate, of Lydd, James Bate, Clement Bate, the 
wife of "William Batchelor, John Compton, Edward White and Martha his 
wife, all which are now resident in New England, twenty shillings each. I 
give ten pounds to be distributed to them or to others in New England by 

1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 61 

my mother and my brother John Stow. To Peter Master of CranbiDok 
who married my sister. To my mother Rachell Bigg one hundred pounds. 
Lauds &c. at Rye in County Sussex to my wife Elliu. To my sisters Pa- 
tience Foster and Elizabeth Stow in New England. To Hopestill Foster, 
son of my sister three hundred pounds. To Thomas and John Stow, sons 
of my sister Stow two hundred pounds each. To Elizabeth Stow and the 
other three children (under age) of my said sister Stow. Lands in Ilors- 
monden to my brother John Bigg. Lands at Wittersham, Lidd and Cran- 
brook to Samuel Bigg, my brother's son, at the age of twenty-three years. 
My friends John Xowell of Rye, gentleman, James Holden and Thomas 
Bigg the elder, of Cranbrook, clothiers, to be overseers. To my cousin 
Hunt's children and John Saxbey's children; to the two sons of mv Aunt 
Betts ; to my cousin Bottenn's children ; to my cousin Pell's children, viz., 
Joan Pell, Elizabeth Pell, Richard Pell and Thomas Bay tope's wife. 

After a hearing of the case between John Bi^sr, brother and executor of 
the one part, and Hellen alias Ellen Bigg (the relict), Patience Biir<>- alias 
Foster, wife of Richard Foster, and Elizabeth Bigg alias Stow, wife of 
Richard (sic) Stow, testator's sisters, of the other part, sentence was pro- 
nounced to confirm the Avill 4 April. 1639 (the widow having previously 
died, as shown by date of probate of her own will which follows). 

Consistory Court, Canterbury, Vol. 51, Leaf 115. 

Ellen Bigge, of Cranbrooke, widow of Smalehope Bigge, of Cran- 
brook, clothier, 2-1 November, proved 12 February, 1638. To be buried 
in Cranbrooke Cemetery, near my husband. To Samuel Bigge, son of my 
brother John Bigge, of Maidstone. Lands and tenements at Rye in the 
County of Sussex to my only sister Mary, wife of Edward Benbrigg. jurat, 
of Rye, for her life, remainder to her son John Benbridge ; to Anne Ben- 
bridge, alias Burrish, and Elizabeth and Mary Benbrig, daughters of my 
aforesaid sister Mary. To John Benbriffij, clerk, Thomas Benbrkrnr and 
Samuel Benbrijjg, sons of mv deceased sister Elizabeth; also her daughters 
Anne Benbrigge, alias Puttland, and Elizabeth Beubriirg (the last named 
under age). Mv said sister Mary Benbrigg and her son John Benbrigg to 
be executors. To Peter Master, sen. of my brother Peter Master, of Cran- 
brooke; to my sister-in-law Katherine Master. To William Dallett (son 
of my dee'd sister Bridgett) and his son (under age). To William Ed- 
wards, son of my sister Mercy. To Thomas Pilcher, Elizabeth Pilcher 
alias Beinson, Judith Pilcher alias Purges, and Anne Pilcher, son and 
daughters of my uncle John Pilcher of Rye, deceased. To Mary, wife of 
Robert Cushman and their son Thomas (under age). James Holden of 
Cranbrooke, clothier, and my brother-in-law Peter Master of Cranbrooke, 
mercer, to be overseers. 

Archdeaconry, Canterbury, Vol. 70, Leaf 482. 

John Bigg, of Maidstone in the County of Kent, 17 August, 1G40, 
proved 7 February, 1G42. Crane, 11. 

As a copy of this will has already been printed in the Register (vol. 
xxix. p. 25 G), the above reference only is given. H. f. w. 

[See will of Christopher Gibson, Suffolk Probate Records, vi. 64. He and Hope- 
still Foster, Jr., married sisters, daughters of James Bate. 

For the foregoing abstracts of the wills of Smalehope Bigg and his widow, Mrs. 
Ellen Bigge, the readers of the .Register are indebted to the kindness of Joseph 
Eedes, Ksq., who has, moreover, given me numerous clews and references to other 
vol. xxx VIII. 6* 



62 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

American names, to be followed up hereafter. Indeed all my fellow workers here 
are constantly exhibiting proof of that good will and kindly fellowship which my 
experience, in America as well as England, has shown me to be characteristic of 
the brotherhood of antiquaries. Henry F. "Waters. 

By an instrument dated Sept. 10, 1653, recorded with Suffolk Deeds, lib. i. Ibl. 
318, Hopestill Foster of the one part and Thomas, Nathaniel and Samuel Stowe of 
the other part, all of New England, for the purpose of ending the " many & vn- 
comfortable differences " which have arisen concerning the wills of their deceased 
uncles Mr. Smallhope Bigg and Mr. John Bigg both of the Count}" of Kent in old 
England, and which " haue occasioned much trouble each to other p'tie & likewise 
vncomfortable suits att Lawe," agree that each party shall " enioy what they now 
enioy namely Hopestill fibster or his assignes the one half of all those lands In 
Crambrooke Withersham & Lidd w ch m r Smallhop [ ] Bigg gaue vnto Samuell Biirg 
his Brothers Sonne & Thomas Stowe and his sonne John as heires to John Stowe his 
Uncle deceased And Nathanicll & Samuell Stowe the other half of the said laud 
and likewise quietly & peacably to enioy the lands of m r John Bigg of 60 11 a yeare or 
thereabout w ch hee deuided as by his will is exp r sed [Into Hopstil 1 fibster 15 h a yeare, 
John Stowe 15 u a year, Thomas Nathaniel! & Samuell y K remainder." — John T. 


Smallhope Big!?, in his will, mentions sisters Patience Foster and Elizabeth Stow, 
They were the wives of Hopestill Foster of Dorchester (see Dorchester Antiq. Soci- 
ety's Hist. Dorch., p. 118) and John Stow of Roxbury (see the Apostle Eliot's Ch. 
Records. Register, xxxv. 244). Of the kinsmen whom he names, Edward White, 
Dorchester, Mass., had married in 1616, at St. Dunstan's Church, Cranbrook, Kent, 
Martha King, according to a pamphlet printed in 1863, entitled, In Memoriam 
Lieut. W. Greenough White; John Compton was probably the person of the name 
who settled at Roxbury (Reg. xxxv. 244), and William Batchelor may have been 
the Charlestown settler who had wives Jane and Rachel ( Wy man's Charlestown, 
i. 42.) Clement Bate settled at Hingham (Barry's Hanover, p. 245) and James 
Bate at Dorchester (Hist. Dorch. p. 106) . For the parentage of the latter, see Reg- 
ister, xxxi. 142. 

John Bigg in his will (Reg. xxix. 259), mentions as persons " that went from 
Cranbrook," "Edward Whitt [White], John Compton, John Moore, Thomas 
Brigden and Goodman Bcale." — Editor.] 

Thomas Bell, senior, of London, merchant, 29 January, 1671, proved 
3 May, 1672, by Susanna Bell, his relict and sole executrix. 

I give unto Mr. John Elliott, minister of the church and people of God 
at Roxbury in New England and Captaine Isaac Johnson, whom I take to 
be an officer or overseer of and in the said church, and to one such other 
like godly person now bearing office in the said church and their successors, 
the minister and other two such Head Officers of the church at Roxbury, 
as the whole church there, from time to time, shall best approve of succes- 
sively, from time to time forever, all those my messuages or tenements, 
lands and hereditaments, with their and every of their appurtenances, seit- 
uate, lying and being at Roxbury in New England aforesaid, in the part3 
beyond the seas — To Have and To Hold to the said Minister and Officers of 
the said church of Roxbury for the time being and their successors, from 
time to time forever, — In Trust only notwithstanding to and for the main- 
tenance of a Scoole-master and free schoole for the teaching and instruc- 
tion of Poore mens children at Roxbury aforesaid forever, And to and for 
no other use, intent or purpose whatsoever. 

"Whereas my son Thomas Bell did pay unto me the sum of three hun- 
dred pounds which he received in marriage with his wife, I therefore give, 
&c, over and besides two hundred pounds formerly given him, the sum of 
twelve hundred pounds within twelve months after my decease. If he be 
dead then to his wife Jane the sum of five hundred pounds. To grand 
child Clement Bell three hundred pounds at the age of one and twenty. To 
grand child Thomas Bell three hundred and fifty pounds ; to grand child 

1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 63 

Simon Bell one hundred and fifty pounds at one and twenty. "Whereas I 
gave in marriage with my daughter Susan to John Wall deceased the 
sum of three hundred pounds and afterwards the sum of four hundred 
pounds to M r John Bell her now husband, I do give to M r John Bell and 
to said Susan his wife the sum of eighty pounds between them. To grand 
child John Wall the sum of one hundred and twenty pounds at the age of 
one and twenty. To Simon Baxter, my son-in-law, and Sarah his wife 
eighty pounds, and for Edward and Simon their sons, and to Sarah and 
Susan Baxter, my grand children, one hundred pounds apiece at age of one 
and twenty or on day of marriage, &c. To my daughter Mary Turpin, 
wife of John Turpin ; to Edward Bell, son of my brother Edward, at age 
of twenty one years ; to Elizabeth and Sarah Bell, at age of twenty one ; 

to Susanna , late wife of Edward Bell, and to her two children which 

she had by the said Edward ; to the poor of the parish of Allhallows Bar- 
king, London, where I now dwell, &c. 

I do hereby give and bequeath unto Thomas Makins, my sister's son, in 
Kew England, the sum of twenty pounds and to the other child of my said 
sister, whose name I remember not, twenty pounds. And to all the child- 
ren of my sister Christian, on her body begotten, who married one Chap- 
pell* or Chapman, I give and bequeath twenty pounds apiece, &c. To my 
cousin Ann Bugg, widow, an annuity of three pounds for life. To cousin 
Thomas Wildboare (my cousin Sarah's son) ten pounds at age of twenty 
one, and to Susan, her daughter, ten pounds. To said cousin Sarah Wild- 
boare the sum of twenty pouuds, and her husband to have no power over it. 
A legacy to M r Isaac Daffron. The sum of one hundred pounds to be dis- 
tributed among poor necessitous men late ministers of the Gospel, of which 
number I will that that M r Knoles and M r John Colling, both late of New 
England be accounted. Legacies to the said M* Knoles and M r Samuel 
Knolls his son, M r John Colling and one M r Ball. To my cousin M r John 
Bayley of little Warmfield, in co. Suffolk and his wife and daughter Mar- 
tha and his other four children ; to my cousin William Whood and his wife; 
to my uncle's daughter of S* Edmundsbury whose husband's name is John 
Cason ; to Mary Bell, daughter of brother Bell. Houses in Grace church 
St., London, to wife Susan for life, then to son Thomas. I omit to give 
anything to his daughter. Eure, 56. 

[Thomas Bell of Roxbury and his wife " had letters of Dismission granted & sent 
to England an° 1054 7 mo ," according to the Apostle Eliot's records (Reg. xxxv. 
245). Thomas Meakins and his wife Catherine were admitted to the church in 
Boston, Feb. 2, 1633-4. His son Thomas settled in Braintree, and thence removed 
to Roxbury and Hadley (Savage). " M r Knoles and M r John Colling," mentioned 
as " ministers of the Gospel," were the Rev. Hanserd Knollys and the Rev. John 
Collins. Knollys preached at Dover, N. 11., awhile, and returned in 1641 to Eng- 
land, lie died in London, September 19, 1691, aged 93. See his Life and Times, 
London, 16<J2, and articles by A. II. Quint, D.D., in the Congregational Quarterly, 
xiii. 38-53 ; and by J. N. Brown, D.D., in Sprague's Annals of the American Pul- 
pit, vi. 1-7. A society in England for publishing Baptist historical works was 
named for him. The Rev. John Collins, graduated II. C. 1649, returned to Eng- 
land, was chaplain to Gen. Monk, and afterwards pastor of an Independent Church 
in London, where he died, Dec. 3, 1687. (See Sibley's Harvard Graduates, i. 186- 
91.) He was a son of Edward Collins, of Cambridge, N. E., who with sons Dan.iel, 
John and Samuel and daughter Sible, are mentioned in 1639, in the will of his bro- 
ther Daniel Collins, of London. (Emmerton and Waters's Gleanings, p. 20.) Mr. 
Waters sends us, as confirmatory of his queries four years ago, in Emmerton 
and Waters's Gleanings, p. 21, about the Collins family, the two following short 
pedigrees : 

* Perhaps William Chappell of New London. (See Savage's Gen. Diet. i. 353.)— H. F. W. 

64 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

Sara 1 Bsdle of Wolverston, Suff.— Abigail, dau. of .... Collins in com. Essex. 

John. Samuel. . Nathan'1. Dorothy. Abigail. 

Have we not here, Mr. "Waters adds, Abigail widow of Samuel Bedie, wife of 
William Thompson, sister of Daniel Collins, Dorothy daughter of above and first 
wife of John Bowles, and Abigail her sister wife of Michael Powell ? 

John Colly ns of London, Salter=Abigail, dau. of Thos. Rose of Exmouth, co. 

| Devon, 3d wife. 


Daniel Collyns of London, merch'. 1633, s. p.=Sibil, dau. of Thos. Francklyn of 

London, goldsmith. 

— Editor.] 

Nathaniel Eeles, of Harpenden in the County of Hartford, 28 
March, 1G78, with codicil of 9 April, 1678, proved 12 February, 1678. 
To wife Sarah one third of household goods an( l tne lease of Denhames 
house and land, and the money made of her lands at Boringdon, now in 
the hands of M r Combes of Hemsted, for her natural life, and my watch 
and largest English bible in folio, with annotations thereon, in two volumes, 
and Deodate's Annotations, and all the books I have of M r Carill upon Job, 
&c. Certain property to three daughters at clay of marriage or age of 
twenty four years. To son Nathaniel ten pounds and my sealing ring, he 
having formerly received his portion, for which I have a writing under 
his hand. To son John ten pounds, he having received his portion and 
part formerly, the said ten pounds to be paid to him within one year after 
my decease, or be then or as soon as may well be after sent over to him 
into Virginia, if he be then living ; and if he die before the time limited 
for the payment thereof to him, I give the said ten pounds unto my son 
Nathaniel. To son Isaac my lease of Denhames, with the rents and pro- 
fits thereof, after the decease of my wife, and all my books, he to pay ten 
pounds unto my son Daniel within one year after the decease of my wife. 
To sons Jacob, Joseph and Jeremiah, to each one hundred and fifty pounds 
for to educate, maintain, and put them forth to callings and for the setting 
them up in their trades after they shall have served up their apprenticeships 
or times with them to whom my wife shall put them ; and the like sum of 
one hundred and fifty pounds to son Daniel for the same ends and purposes. 

The portions to my four sons last named shall be paid unto them at their 
ages of twenty four years or when they shall have served out their appren- 
ticeships and need the same to set up with, at the discretion of my wife. To 
daughter Sarah two hundred pounds ; to daughters Rebecca and Mary one 
hundred and fifty pounds each ; and to every of my sons and daughters I 
give a practice of Piety (a book so called) and 3VI* Alley his Treatise of . 
Conversion and M r Baxter his call to the unconverted, and a new bible to 
such as need the same. To my very loving brother M r William Eeles and 
my dear and loving sister M rs Foster, both which I appoint to be overseers 
of this my will, I give twenty pounds to each of them and desire them, by 
all the love they ever bare to me, to give my destitute and afflicted wife the 
best assistance, counsel and advice they cau in all cases, from time to time, 
as need shall require. To loving sisters M™ Eeles and M" Pearse, to each 
of them ten pounds, to buy them rings. My dear and loving wife Sarah to 
be sole executrix. The one hundred pouuds in M r Coonibe's hand is of 
right my wife's during her life. 

The \vituesses to the will were William Eele, John Eeles, Will: Eeles 


1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 65 

jun r and Jos: Marlow. All but the first named were witnesses to the 
codicil. King, 16. 

[In Calamy and Palmer's Nonconformist's Memorial (1802), Vol. II., page 306, 
under the head of Harden, in Hertfordshire, we learn that Mr. Nathaniel Eeles (of 
Emmanuel College, Cambridge) was born at Aldenham in that county, of good pa- 
rentage. Having prosecuted his studies till he was senior bachelor and then stu- 
died two years at Utrecht, he was ordained a Presbyter, returned to England and 
preached at Caddington in Bedfordshire. In 1643 he was called by the people of 
Harding to be their preacher. There he continued till the year 1661, when he was 
ejected. He preached in private in sundry places till 1672, when he took out a li- 
cense for his own house at Harding, where he preached, gratis, to all who would 
come. He died 18 December, 1678, aged 61, leaving, we are told, a wife and ten 
children.— H. F. W. 

I do not know of any present representative of the name Eeles in Virginia. I find 
that Samuel Eale and John Stith received a grant of 500 acres in Charles City Co., 
Va. in 1652. Va. Land Registry, Book 5, p. 268.— R. A. B.j 

Marmaduke Goode*, of Ufton, in Berkshire, clerk, 5 September, 1678, 
proved 20 February, 1G78, by Samuel and Mary Goode, executors. To 
brother Samuel Goode all that messuage or tenement, with the appurte- 
nances, lying in Sulhamsteed Abbots and South Bannister which I hold by 
lease from Francis Perkins Esquire, to said Samuel to enjoy the same dur- 
ing his natural life : and, after his death, I cnve the said messuage &c. to 
my niece Mary Goode, the daughter of my brother John Goode, to enjoy 
for the remaining term of the said lease. To my brother John Goode, citi- 
zen of London, & to Susanna his now wife all my house, tenement, lands and 
hereditaments &c. ill Sylchester in the County of Southhampton, which I 
purchased of John Carter of Sylchester, and after their decease, to my neph- 
ew Marmaduke Goode, son of the said John Goode, he to pay to his sisters, 
Elizabeth, Susanna and Anne, forty pounds apiece within twelve months 
after he shall be possessed of the said lands and premisses at Silchester. 
To my brother William Goode my messuages or tenements, &c. called or 
known by the name of the Heath lands or heath grounds, situated, lying & 
being in the several parishes of Ufton and Sulhamsteed, in the county of 
Berks, and which I lately purchased of Richard Wilder of Theale in the 
parish of Tylehurst, in the said County of Berks, innholder, during his 
natural life and afterwards to my nephew Robert Goode, son of the said 
William Goode and his heirs forever, he to pay to his two sisters, Elianor 
and Mary, forty pounds within twelve months, &c. To my sister Mary 
Haines and her two maiden daughters fifty pounds apiece within one year 
after my decease ; to my brother John Goode in Virginia ten pounds with- 
in twelve months after my decease, according to the appointment of my 
brother John Goode, citizen of London ; to my brother Thomas Goode, in 
Ireland, ten pounds (in the same way) ; to my sister Ann Wickens of Up- 
ton ten pounds ; to my servant Alice Payee ten pounds ; to my servant 
Hugh Larkum five pounds. All the rest of the property to brother Sam- 
uel Goode and niece Mary Goode, daughter of my brother John Goode, 
who are appointed joint executors. 

The witnesses were Samuel Brightwell and Robert King. 

King, 17. 

[By family tradition John Goode came to Virginia from Whitby, England, about 
1660, with his wife, and purchased the plantation of one Cough (situated on the 
south side of James River, about four miles from the city of Manchester) which he 
named " Whitby." His descendants have intermarried with many prominent fam- 
ilies of Virginia, including the Harrisons, Blands, Turpins, Gordons, Scotts, Cookes 

66 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

and others. Col. Thomas F. Goode and Hon. John Goode of Virginia, and Prof. 
G. Brown Goode of the Smithsonian Institution, are descendants of John Goode. 
" Whitby " is now the property of A. D. Williams, Esq., Richmond, Virginia. — 
R. A. B.] 

Mary Hoskins, of Richmond in the County of Surrey, widow, 30 July, 
1678, proved 28 February, 1678. To my dear mother Anne Githins, wid- 
ow, all my plate and linen and diamond locket and five hundred pounds 
within three months after my decease. To M" Mariana Carleton, the wife 
of Matthew Carleton, gentleman, my best diamond ring and twenty pounds. 
Ten pounds apiece to be paid to the three children of my late deceased bro- 
ther John Githins in Meriland, Philip, John and Mary Githins. To Mary 
Evererd, daughter of Robert Evererd of Godstone, five pounds and five 
pounds to Richard Nye, whom I placed with M r Taw. Twenty pounds to 
be laid out in placing two boys to trades, whereof one to be of Oxted and 
the other of Godstone. All my houses in the Maze in Southwark, held of 
S* Thomas Hospital and all other personal estate, &c. to my loving brother 
William Githins, Gentleman, whom I appoint executor. 

The witnesses were Thomas Jenner, Richard Smith (by mark), Wine- 
frut King of Petersham and Jeoft'rey Glyd. King, 19. 

The pedigree of the Hoskins Family of Oxted is given in various MSS. 
in the British Museum. The marriage of any Hoskins with the testatrix 
named above has not been found. 

[The name Everard has had most prominent representatives in Maryland, Virginia 
and North Carolina, and is a favored Christian name in the distinguished Meade 
family of Virginia. — R. A. B.] 

Axxe Jones, of S* Clement Danes in the County of Middlesex, wid- 
ow r 20 February, 1676, proved 6 February, 1678. To Bridget Waite, 
wife of William Waite (certain household effects) and the lease of my 
house wherein I now dwell, she paying the rent, &c. All the rest to my 
son Thomas Dauiell who is in Virginia, beyond the seas. And I do hereby 
make my said son Thomas Daniell full and sole executor, and my friends 
Charles Stepkin Esq. and M r Richard Southey overseers, they to keep the 
estate in trust for my said son Thomas Daniell. In case he die before he 
comes from beyond the seas, then I bequeath to Edward Jones and Patience 
Jones, son & daughter of John Jones, of the parish of S* ClemeDt Danes, 
taylor, five pounds apiece; and all the rest of my estate to Mark Work- 
man and Elizabeth Workman, sou and daughter of Mark Workman, late 
of the parish of S l Mary Magdalen, old Fish Street London, deceased, 

The witnesses were Richard Southey, Jun r . John Searle and Ro: Stone. 

King, 19. 

[I find of record in the Virginia Land Registry, Book No. 8, p. 428, a grant of 130 
acres in the Counties of Isle of Wight and " Nanzimond," Va., to Owen Daniell, 
in 1695.— R. A. B.J 

Robert Lucas, of Hitch in, in the County of Hertford, in his will of 13 
January, 1678, proved II February, 1678, speaks of land purchased of 
William Papworth of New England, lying close to land which was here- 
tofore that of the testator's father, Simon Lucas, deceased, and lands here- 
tofore the lands of William Willis. King, 21. 

[ Query. Where did William Papworth reside ? — Ed.] 



18 84. "I Genealogical Gleanings in England, 67 

Anthony Roby, of the Province of Carolina, 6 December, 1686, proved 
11 July, 1688. To mother Early Roby, in England, all my estate in Caro- 
lina or elsewhere ; if she be dead then to her next heirs then living. My 
friend Andrew Percivall Esquire, of the said Province, to be sole executor. 

The witnesses were David Harty, James Wyatt and John Shelton. 

Exton, 99. 

John Reed, mariner, 4 April, 1688, proved 6 July, 1688. I bequeath 
all my concerns aboard the ship Richard, of London, John Reade Master, 
riding at anchor in the York River, to mv loving wife Mary Reade of Bris- 
tol. I desire my loving friend Capt. Trim, commander of the ship Judy, 
riding at anchor in York River, to take accompt. 

The witnesses were Benjamin Eyre, George Lodge and Charles Perkes. 

Exton, 99. 

[John Read was granted 145 acres in Gloucester Co., March 18, 1652. Va. Land 
Registry Office, Book 5, p. 230. There are grants within a short period thereaf- 
ter to Alexander Argubell and James Read or Reade. 

The Eyres have been continuously seated in Northampton Co., Va., from the 17th 
century. They early intermarried with the Severns, Southeys and Lyttletons, and 
these latter names are now favored Christian names in the family. — R. A. B.] 

Henry Woodiiouse, of the parish of Linhaven, of lower Norfolk in 
Virginia, 29 January, 1686, owned to be his will 31 January, 1686-7, and 
proved 24 July, 1688. To eldest son Henry Woodhouse my plantation 
where I live (containing five hundred acres, and described) ; to second son, 
Horatio, property called Moyes land (adjoiuing the above) ; to son John 
(other real estate) ; to son Henry two negroes Roger and Sarah ; to daugh- 
ters Elizabeth and Lucy, daughter Mary, wife of William More, and 
daughter Sarah, wife of Cason More. Exton, 102. 

[I find the following grants of land to the name Woodhouse, of record in the Va. 
Land Registry Office : Thomas Woodhouse, 200 acres in James City Co., March 24, 
1644, Book No. 2, p. 1 ; Henry Woodhouse, 200 acres in Lynhaven parish, Lower 
Norfolk Co., April 5, 1649, p. 167 ; the same, 275 acres in same, May 11, 1652, Bk. 
No. 3, p. 254 ; the same, 749 acres in the saine, April 3, 1670, Book No. 6, p. 357 ; 
Hamond Woodhouse, 340 acres in Charles City Co., April 20, 1669, Book No. 6, 
p. 216.— R. A. B.] 

Michael Griggs, of County Lancaster, Colony of Virginia, gentle- 
man, 17 April, 1CS7, proved 10 September, 1688. To my father-in-law 
Robert Schofield: To wife Anne Gri<*£s the residue. The witnesses were 
William Lee, Richard Farrington and William Carter. 

The above will was proved at London "juramento Anna? Bray, als 
Griggs (modo uxoris Richardi Bray) relicta3 dicti defuncti et executricis," &c. 

Exton, 117. 

[William Lee was doubtless the son of Col. Richard Lee, the founder of the dis- 
tinguished family of the name in Virginia. 

The name Bray is of early seating in Virginia. John Bray received a grant of 
200 acres in " Worrot-quinack " Co., June 4, 1636. Va. Land Records, Book No. 
1, p. 362. His descendants intermarried with the Harrison and other prominent 
families. The Brays intermarried early also with the Plonier, Plommer, Plum- 
mer or Plumer family. — R. A. B.] 

John Curtis, of Boston, Co. Middlesex, New England, mariner, be- 
longing to Majesty's ship the English Tyger, appoints Robert Chipchace 
in County Middlesex, Old England, his attorney and sole executor, 31 Jan- 
uary, 1689-00, in presence of Thos. Coall and Tho* Browne. Proved 3 
December, 1690, by Robert Chipchace. Dyke, 200. 

68 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Elizabeth Bretland, late the wife of William Bretland, deceased, 
Barbados, 6 October, 1687. Legacies to daughters Elizabeth Taylor and 
Millecent Acklam ; to grandson Peter Jones ; to grandsons John and Jacob 
Legay. I give and bequeath to my brother Adam Coulson's children, of 
Reading near Boston, in New England, the sum of one hundred pounds, 
to be equally divided among them or the survivor of them. 

Cousin Edward Muuday and M r John Mortimer of London, merchants, 
to be executors of the will. 

Item I give unto my brother Adam Coulson's children, of Reading, near 
Boston, in New England, one negro woman, by name Sarah, being my own 
proper purchase, or to the survivor of them, to be sent to them the first 
opportunity after my decease. I leave, according to the desire of my dear 
husband, Mr. Edward Munday, to my three daughters, Elizabeth, Mille- 
cent and Mary, thirty five pounds of silver, at twelve ounces to the pound. 

Friends, Capt. Elisha Mellowes and Mr. John Hooker, to be executors 
for that portion of the estate in the Barbados. 

The witnesses made deposition as to this will 3 April, 16S9. It was en- 
tered and recorded in the Secretary's Office, 17 February, 16S9. Proved 
in London 5 December, 1600. Dyke, 199. 

[Adam Colson, of Reading, Mass., married Sept. 8, 1668, Mary, daughter of Jo- 
siah Dustin. He was schoolmaster there from L679 to 1631. He died March 1, 
1687. See Eaton's Reading, p. 58, and Savage. — Ed.] 

Robert Hathorne, the elder, of the parish of Bray in the county of 
Berks, yeoman, 15 February, 1639, proved 16 February, 1691. He left 
all his estate to his son Robert Hathorne, the younger, of the parish of 
Bray in the county of Berks. Fane, 49. 

[The testator of the above will was doubtless a brother of Major William Hath- 
orne of Salem, Massachusetts, ancestor of the distinguished writer Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne. (See Emmerton & Waters's Gleanings from English Records.) — II. F. W .] 

Edward Gadsbt, of Stepney, in the county of Middlesex, mariner, 
bound out to sea " with M r Penn to Virginy " in the Charity of London, 
appointed John Duffield, citizen and barber-surgeon of London, his attorney, 
&c. 30 January, 1692, proved 23 April, 1696. He wished all his estate 
to be given to his brother Samuel Gadsby, of Woodborough, in the Coun- 
ty of Nottingham, basket-maker. Bond, 47. 

Daniel .Johnson, of Lynn in New England, trumpeter, 22 June, 1695, 
appointed Patrick Hayes of Bermondsey in the County of Surrey, vict- 
ualler, to receive and collect his bounty or prizemoney, pursuant to their 
Majesties' Gracious Declaration of 23 May, 1689, and all such money, &c. 
as should be due to him for service in any of their Majesties' ships, frigates 
or vessels or auy merchant ships, &c. He gave and bequeathed all unto 
his beloved children (without naming them) equally to be divided among 
them. Proved 6 April, 1696. Bond, 51. 

[There was a Daniel Johnson at Lynn, Mass., who married March 2, 1674. Mar- 
tha Parker, and had Abigail, born April 21, 1675, Stephen and Nathaniel, twins, 
born Feb. 11, 1678, Sarah, born July 5, 1680, Elizabeth, born March 7, 1682, and 
Simon, born Jan. 25, 1684 (Savage). — Ed.] 

John Rolfe, of James City in Virginia, Esquire, 10 March, 1621, 
proved 21 May, 1630, by William Pyers. Father-in-law Lieut. William 



1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 69 

Pyers, gentleman, to have charge of the two small children of very tender 
age. A par-cell of laud in the country of Toppahaunah between the two 
creeks over against James Citv in the continent or country of Virginia to 
son Thomas Rolfe & his heirs; failing issue, to my daughter Elizabeth; next 
to mv right heirs. Land near Mulberry Island, Virginia, to Jane mv wife 
during her natural life, then to daughter Elizabeth. To my servant Robert 
Davies twenty pounds. 

The witnesses were Temperance Yeardley, Richard Buck, John Cart- 
wright, Robert Davys and John Milwarde. Scroope, 49. 

[It would appear that John Rolfe was three times married, his first wife bear- 
ing bim in 1609 one male child, which died on the Island of Bermuda. His second 
wife was Pocahontas, and his third Jane Pyers, or Poyers, of the text, the mother 
of the daughter Elizabeth. The son Thomas appears to have married in England, 
having issue Anthony, whose daughter Hannah married Sir Thomas Leigh of co. 
. Kent, the descendants of that name and of the additional highly respectable names of 

^ Bennet and Spencer being now quite numerous. Died prior to 8 Nov. 1632. See 

Richmond Standard, Jan. 21, 1882. 

The witness Richard P>uck (sometimes rendered Bucke) was doubtless the minis- 
ter of the name at Jamestown, who died sometime prior to 1624, leaving a widow, 
and children — Mara, Gershom, Benoni and Peleg. — R. A. B.] 

Sir George Yardlet, 12 October, 1G27, proved 14 February, 1623. 
To wife Temperance all and every part and parcell of all such household 
stuff, plate, linen, woollen or any other goods, moveable or immoveable, 
of what nature or quality soever, as to me are belonging, and which now 
at the time of the date hereof are being and remaining within this house in 
^ James City wherein I now dwell. Item, as touching and concerning all 

the rest of my whole estate consisting of goods, debts, servants, ** negars," 
cattle, or any other thing or things, commodities or profits whatsover to 
me belonging or appertaining either here in this country of Virginia, in 
England or elsewhere, together with my plantation of one thousand acres 
of land at Stanly in Warwicke River, my will and desire is that the same be 
all and every part and parcell thereof sold to the best advantage for tobac- 
co and the same to be transported as soon as may be, either this year or the 
next, as my said wife shall find occasion, into England, and there to be 
sold or turned into money, Sec. Sec. The money resulting from this (with 
sundry additions) to be divided into three parts, of which one part to go to 
said wife, one part to eldest son Argoll Yeardley, and the other part to 
son Francis & to Elizabeth Yeardley equally. 

The witnesses were Abraham Peirsey, Susanna Hall and William Ciay- 
borne, Scr. 

A codicil, dated 20 Oct. 1627, was witnessed by the same scrivener. 

Ridley, 9. 

Commission to administer on the estate of Sir George Yeardley, late in 
Virginia, deceased, was issued 14 March, 1627-8, to his brother Ralph 
Yeardley during the absence of the widow, relict, Temperance Yeardley, in 
the parts beyond the seas, &c. Adinon Act Book for 1628. 

[From the Calendar of State Papers, Colonial Series (London, I860), we learn 
that Governor Francis West and the Council of Virginia certified to the Privy Coun- 
cil, 20 December, 1627, the death of Governor Sir George Yeardley and the election 
of Captain Francis West to succeed him in the government. In July, 1620, Ed- 
mund Rossingham sent in a petition to the Privy Council stating that he was agent 
to his uncle Sir George Yeardley, late Governor of Virginia, who dying before any 
satisfaction was made to the petitioner for bping a chief means of raising his estate 
to the value of six thousand pounds, Ralph Yeardley, the brother, took adminititra- 






70 Genealogical Gleanings in England* [Jan. 

tion of the same. He prayed for relief and that his wrongs might he examined into. 
This was referred, July H, 1629, to Sir Dudley Diggs, Sir Maurice Abbott, Tho- 
mas Gibbs and Samuel Wrote, late commissioners fur that plantation, to examine 
into the true state of the case. Annexed is the report of Gibbs and \V r rote, made '25 
Sept. 1629, describing in detail the petitioner's employments from 1613, and award- 
ing three hundred and sixty pounds as due to him in equity ; also an answer by Ralph 
Yeardley, administrator, &c., to Roesingham's petition. In January or February, 
1630, Rossingham sent in another petition praying for a final determination. In it 
he styles Ralph Yeardley an apothecary of London. On the nineteenth of February 
the Privy Council ordered Ralph Yeardley to pay two hundred pounds to the peti- 
tioner out of his brother's estate, twelve hundred pounds having already come into 
the administrator's hand. 

Captain Yeardley was chosen Governor of Virginia in 1618, in place of Lord De 
la VVarr, who is said to have died in Canada, and he departed immediately thither 
with two ships and about three hundred men and boys. On the twenty-eighth of 
November Chamberlain writes that Captain Yeardley, " a mean fellow," goes Gov- 
ernor to Virginia, two or three ships being ready. To grace him the more the King 
knighted him this week at Newmarket, '* which hath set him up so high, that he 
flaunts it up and down the streets in extraordinary bravery, with fourteen or fifteen 
fair liveries after him." He arrived in Virginia in April. 1619, and is said to have 
brought the colony from a very low state to an extremely flourishing condition. He 
"was governor again 1626-27. — H. F. \V\ 

Colonel Argoll Yeardley married Sarah, daughter of John Custis, of Northamp- 
ton Co., Va., a native of Rotterdam and the founder of the socially distinguished 
family of the name in Virginia. 

"Colonel" Francis Yeardley (died August, 1657) married Sarah the widow of 
Adam Thorowguod and of John Gooking, the latter being her first husband. 

The name Yeardley, or properly Yardly, is still represented in the United States, 
but I know of none of the name in Virginia. 

One Abraham Piersey, or Percy, was treasurer of the colony of Virginia in 1619. 
He may have been the father of the first witness. The other witness was doubtless 
Col. V\ illiam Clay borne, or Claiborne, as it is now rendered, the son of " the rebel " 
of the same name, who had the command of a fort in New Kent county in 1676 
(Major Lyddal serving with him), and who distinguished himself in the Indian 
wars of Bacon's Rebellion. There was of record in King William Countv, Va., a 
certificate of his valorous service, signed by Gov. William Berkeley and attested 
by Nathaniel Bacon (senior, of the Council) and Philip Ludwill. — R. A. B.] 

Edward Cole, of East Bergholt, in the county of Suffolk, clothier, 18 
August, 1649, proved the last of May, 1652. To wife Abigail; to young- 
est sou Peter Cole ; to my two daughters Sarah and Mary Cole ; to the 
children of my son Edward Cole; to my grandchildren in New England 
twenty pounds. 

The witnesses were John Layman and Richard Royse. 

Bowyer, 103. 

Robert Feveryeare, the elder, of Kelshall in the county of Suffolk, 
yeoman, 2-i June, 1656, proved 5 September, 1656. To wife Elizabeth. 
Frances Brothers of Kelshall owes me on bond. To Edmund Feverveare, 
my brother, the sum of forty shillings within six months after my decease. To 
William Feveryeare, my brother, three pounds. To Margaret Feveryeare, 
my sister, forty shillings within six months, &c. To Margery, my sister, 
wife of Robert Goodwin, forty shillings within twelve months, &c. ; also 
eight pounds within twelve months, &c. To Anne, my sister, wife of John 
Miles, five pounds within six months, &c. To Richard Eade, mine uncle, 
twenty shillings ; to Mary Minstrell, my former servant, twenty shillings - 
within six months, &c. To Robert Goodwin, the elder, my new suit of 
apparel. To Henry Minstrel, the elder, a legacy. Brother William and 
wife Elizabeth to be executors and residuary legatees. Berkeley, 333. 

1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 71 

Clement Chaplin, of Thelford, in the county of Norfolk, Clerk, 16 Au- 
gust, 1656, proved "23 September, 1656, by Sarah Chaplin his relict and 
sole executrix. To wife, Sarah, all my houses and lands in Hartford and 
"VVeathersfield in New England, to her and her heirs forever. Loving bro- 
ther Thomas Chaplin of Bury S l Edmunds in old England, and my kins- 
man Mr. William Clarke, of Rocksbury in New England to be supervi- 
sors. "Witnessed by Elizabeth Guruham (her mark) and John Spincke. 

Berkeley, 332. 

[The testator of the above will, son of William Chaplin " of Seraer " (see the Can- 
dler MS. No. 6071 of Harleian Collection, British Museum) , we are told was a chand- 
ler in Bury, went over into New England, and was one of the elders in the congre- 
gation whereof Mr. Hooker was minister. His wife Sarah was one of five daugh- 
ters and co-heiresses of Hinds, a goldsmith in Bury. Her sister Elizabeth was 

wife of Thomas Chaplin (mentioned above), linen draper in Bury, alderman and jus- 
tice of the peace for the County of Suffolk, her sister Margaret Hinds was married to 
George Groome of Rattlesden, Justice of the Peace, Abigail Hinds was married to 
Richard Scott of Braintree (who married secondly Alice Snelling), and Anne Hinds 

was married to Alliston. Mr. Chaplin had, besides the brother Thomas whom 

he names, a brother William of Blockeshall, who had issue, a brother Richard, of 
Semer (sine prole), a brother Edmund of Seiner, who had many children, and a bro- 
ther Capt Robert Chaplin of Bury, who had issue. A sister Martha is said to have 
been married to Robert Parker of Wollpit, who went into New England, another 

sister, whose name is not given, was wife of Barret of Stratford, and mother 

of a Thomas Barret, and a third sister (also unnamed) was married to Smith 

of Semer. Alderman Thomas Chaplin had a daughter Anne who was married to 
Jasper Shepheard, an alderman of Bury, and a daughter Abigail married to Robert 
Whiting of in Norfolk.— II. F. W.] 

John Smith, citizen and merchant tailor of London, by reason of age 
weak in body, 17 December, 1655, proved 20 October, 1656, by Sarah 
Whiting, daughter and executrix. To wife the sum of five pounds in 
money, as a token and remembrance of my love, and I will and appoint 
that it shall & may be lawful for her to dwell and abide in my dining-room 
and wainscot chamber belonging to my dwelling house in the old Bailey, 
Loudon, by the space of three months next after my decease ; and I con- 
firm the indenture bearing date 30 August. 1654, between me and Thomas 
Fitz Williams, of the one part, and my said wife, known by the name of 
Sarah Neale, and Vincent Limborowe, of the other part, &c. ccc. To the 
children of my loving daughter, Sarah Whiting, ten pounds apiece towards 
putting them out to be Apprentices, &c, and also forty pounds apiece to 
the sons at twenty four years of age and to the daughters at twenty one. 

Likewise I give to the children of my cousin William Smith, in Xew 
England, and Mary, his now or late wife, the sum of three pounds apiece, 
to be paid to them, the said children, at the ages as above is limited to my 
grandchildren, &c. &c. 

Legacies to brother Thomas Smith and to the daughter of James Smith, 
son of brother Thomas. To grandchild John Whiting, son of daughter Sa- 
rah Whiting, the half part of certain lands, tenements, &c. in Hogsden, 
alias Hoxden, in the County of Middlesex, and to the male and female 
issue of the said John ; failing such issue, then to grandchild Nathaniel 
Whiting, &c. &c. ; with remainder to grandchildren Robert and Stephen 
Whitiug; then to Samuel Whiting, another son of my said daughter, &c. 
The other moiety to grandchild Nathaniel Whiting ; then to John ; then 
to Robert and Joseph ; then to Stephen Whitiug. Legacy to son-in-law 
Timothy AVhiting. Berkeley, 337. 

[There was a Nathaniel Whiting in Dedham who had sons John, Samuel and Tim- 
othy.-H. F. W.l 


72 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Josias Firmin, the elder, of Nayland, Co. Suffolk, tanner, 27 August, 
1638, proved the last of November, 1638. To the poor of Nayland. To 
wife Anne, houses and lands in Nayland and also in Stoke next Nayland 
(called Noke meadow in Stoke), then to Gyles Firmin my youngest son 
and his heirs, but if he die before he arrives at twenty four years of age, 
then to the rest of my children. Lauds in Stoke called Edmondes Field, 
after death of wife, to eldest sou Josias Firmin and his son Josias, my 
grand child. To John Firmin, my son, ten pounds within one year after 
my decease. To my daughter Mary, now wife of Robert Smith, forty five 
pounds. To daughter Martha Firmin one hundred pounds at age of twen- 
ty one. To daughter Sara Firmin tenement. &c. at Foxyearth, co. Essex, 
which I purchased of one Thomas Partridge, &c., to said Sara at age of 
twenty years. To grand child, John Firmin. son of Josias Firmin. Sons 
Josias and Gyles and my three daughters. Executors to be wife Anne and 
son in law Robert Smith of Nayland, mercer. Lee, 146. 

[See abstracts of wills and extracts from parish registers relating to.4he name of 
Firmin in Emmerton and Waters's Gleanings, pp. 34-9. — Ed.] 

Jose Glover, of Loudon, being by the providence of God forthwith to 
embark myself for some parts beyond the seas, 16 May, 1638, proved 22 
December, 1638, by Richard Daveys, one of the executors, power being 
reserved for John Harris, another executor. To my dear and loving wife 
all my estate, &c. both in New England and old England for life, she to 
maintain and liberally educate all my children. After her decease the 
property to go to two eldest sons. Roger and John, equally. To my three 
daughters, Elizabeth, Sara and Priscilla, four hundred pouads apiece (then 
follows a reference to a decree and order of the court of chancery), my 
three daughters to release to Edmond Davyes Esq. and Thomas Younge, 
merchant of London, at day of marriage or arrival at full age, all their in- 
terests, &c. in tenements, &c. in Dorenth* and Stone in co. Kent, &c. To 
my ancient, faithful servant John Stidman fifty pounds. To all my bro- 
thers & sisters that shall be living (except my sister Collins) five pounds. 
To friend M r Joseph Da vies and his wife five pounds apiece. The execu- 
tors to be John Harris, mv loving uncle, warden of the Colletre of Win- 
Chester, and Richard Davies, my ancient loving friend. The witnesses were 
E. Davies, Joseph Davyes, Thomas Yonge, Samuel Davyes & John 
Davyes. Lee, 176. 

[See the article by J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D., on the christian name of Mr. 
Glover, in the Register, xxx. 26-8. His will, from a copy preserved on the Middle- 
sex Court Files, is printed in full in the Register, xxiii. 136-7. — Ed.1 

Sir Rob t Carr, of Ithall, co. Northumberland, knight. All estate in 
America, &c. to eldest son William Carr, the other estate in England be- 
ing formerly settled. To James Deane, my now servant and his heirs, for 
and in consideration of his service, a plantation within any of the six islands 
granted unto me, except in Carr's Island. This having been read to him, 
29 May, 1667, he did declare, &c. Proved 16 July, 1667, when commis- 
sion was issued to William Carr, natural son and lawful heir and principal 
legatee named in the will of Sir Rob 1 Carr, knight, lately of Carr's Island, 
in New England, in the parts beyond the seas. Carr, 90. 

[See notice of Sir Robert Carr, with remarks on his will, in the Register, xxiv. 
187.— Ed.] 

• Darent. 

1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 73 

Nowell Hilton of Charlestown, co. Middlesex in New England, mar- 
iner, appoints his trusty and loving kinsman Nathaniel Cutler, of the pa- 
rish of Stepney in co. Middlesex, sawyer, his attorney, &c. The amount 
due for my service done or to be done on board of any of his Ma nes ships, 
vessels or frigates. &c. Signed 6 October, 1687, in presence of Mary Story 
(her mark), Cuthbert Stoy (sic) and Samuel Sapp, at the two Anchors and 
three Stars on Wapping Wall. 17 September 1689 emanavit comissio 
Nath 11 Cutler, &e. Ent, 123. 

[Newell Hilton, the testator, was born in Charlestown, May 4, 1663. He was a 
son of William Hilton of Charlestown by his second wife Mehitable. a daughter of 
Increase Nowell. After the death of his father his mother married (2) 29: 8th, 
1684, Deacon John Cutler. Timothy Cutler, a son of Deacon John Cutler, mar- 
ried, Dec. 22, 1673, Elizabeth Hilton, a sister of the testator. See the articles en- 
titled " Some of the Descendants of William Hilton," Register, xxxi. 179. See 
also Wyman's Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, 255, 257, 504, 710. This 
will was printed in full in the Register, xsxii. 50. — John T. Hassam.] 

Nathaniel Warde, of Old Winsor, co. Berks, Doctor in Divinity, 3 
December, nineteenth of K. Charles, proved 11 February, 1667. He men- 
tions wife Susanna and marriage contract, a bond of one thousand pounds 
unto M r Thomas Hanchett and M r Solomon Smith, in trust for said wife. 
Son Nathaniel to be executor. The witnesses were Robert Aldridire, Eliz- 


abeth Reynolds and (the mark of) Edward Stokes. Heiie, 2Q. 

Notes on Abstracts previously printed. 

Joseph Holland. Will Dec. 25, 1658. [Reg. xxxvii. 377.] 

f We have received the following note from Prof. Arthur L. Perry, LL.D., of 
Williams College : 

If Mr. Waters's abstract of the will of Joseph Holland of London, citizen and 
clothworker, discredits one conjecture of Dr. Bond in his history of Watertown, it 
strikingly confirms another conjecture of that author in the same volume. A John 
Perry died in Water to wp in 1674, aged 61. Another John Perry of Watertown 
married Sarah Clary, of Cambridge, Dec. 1667. Bond says the first John was 
" probably father'' of the second John. Joseph Holland's will makes that ijuess 
a certainty. He leaves bequests " to scn-in-law John Perry and johanna his wife, 
my daughter, and their suns John Perry and Josias Perry and daughter Elizabeth 
Perry.*" In another clause : " To my said daughter Johanna certain nee;lle work 
wrought by my first wife, her mother." In another clause he leaves twenty pounds 
in go )ds " to my son Nathaniel Holland of Water/on in New England.'''' The first 
John Perry was therefore brother-in-law of Nathaniel Holland, and the second his 
nephew. The Perrys came to Watertown eight years ( 1666) after this will was 
drawn (1658). They were clothworkers, i. e. weavers and tailors, like the Hollands 
in London. The London names, John and Johanna and Josish and Joseph, were 
kept up constantly among the Perrys in Watertown and after their removal to Wor- 
cester in 1751, and some of them are wot even yet disused as christian names in the 
family. It is a matter of record in the family Bibles that the two Perrys came to 
Watertown from London. Inferentially, therefore, but certainly, they were among 
the heirs mentioned in Joseph Holland's will. 

That will was drawn before the great fire of London in 1666. The mother of 
Mrs. John Perry the elder was already buried in St. Sepulchre Church in 1658 ; and 
the good Joseph Holland, citizen and clothworker, directed that his own body should 
be buried M on the south side of the christening pew " of that parish church. 

A grandson of the second John Perry, Nathan, became deacon of the old South 
Church in Worcester in 1783, and continued in that office till his death in 1806 ; 
his son Moses succeeded in the office immediately, and continued in it till his death 
in 1842 ; and his son Samuel succeeded his father and sustained the office thirty-five 
years longer, making ninety-four years of continuous service in one family. 

Artucr L. Perry, 
Seventh generation from first John.] 


74 The Dole Family. [Jan. 


I find a grant of land on record in the Virginia Land Registry Office, of 189 
acres, to Edward Besse, on the south side of Chickahouiiny River, April 7, 1651, 
Book No. 2, p. 331. The names Arnott, Gouge, Booth, Perry and Travers appear 
in the early annals of Virginia. Francis Willis, the ancestor of the worthy Vir- 
ginia family of that name, married, about the middle of the 17th century, Ann 
Rich. — R. A. Brock, of Richmond, Va.] 

Sir Robert Peake, Knt. [Reg. xxxvii. 379.] 

[In the Virginia Land Registry Office the following grants are recorded : George 
Lyddal, " Gentleman," 1750 acres in York County, Nov. 25, 1651; "Captain" 
George Lyddal, 2390 acres in New Kent County (funned from York County in 1651) 
Jan. 20, 1657. Book No. 4, p. 214. The name Lyddall is a favored Christian 
name in a number of Virginian families, notably in the Bowles and Bacon. I find 
on record in Henrico County court, in June, 1754, the will of Langston Bacon. 
Wife Sarah is named, and also as Executors, Nathaniel Bacon, Lyddal Bacon and 
John Williamson. John Lyddall Bacon, Esq. is at this date President of the State 
Bank of Richmond. — R. A. Brock, of Richmond, Va.] 


By the Rev. George T. Dole, of Reading, Mass. 

THERE seems to be good evidence that Dole, as a family name, 
is of French origin, introduced, like many others, into Eng- 
land by the Norman conquest. It is supposed to have been derived 
from the ancient city of Dole ; and it is found early written, in some 
instances, with the particle de before it. Afterward, when surnames 
came into general use, that prefix was dropped ; and fur the last 
five centuries, as the name is found here and there in English reo 
ords, it has, with a few temporary exceptions, its simple form and 
orthography, D-O-L-E, as now. 

1. Richard 1 Dole, the first American ancestor of all Doles of New Eng- 
- land origin, and it is believed of most who bear the name in America, 
was baptized in Ringworthy,* near Bristol, England, December 31, 
1622, O. S. Ringworthy had been the residence of his grandfather 
Richard, and his father William inherited the homestead there. Af- 
terward William, then living in Thornbnrv. indented voting Richard 
to "John Lowle, glover, of Bristol." When the brothers John and 
Richard Lowle and their father Percival.the ancestor of the present 
eminent family of Lowells, come to this country in lG^JO, they 
brought Richard Dole with them. The Lowle familv settled in New- 
bury, Mass., and Richard Dole continued as clerk in their employ for a 
time. But he entered early, and with great activity and enterprise, 
upon business for himself. He long held a prominent place as mer- 
chant in Newbury, and also became an extensive landholder, and 

* Now Rangeworthy. This parish is in Gloucestershire, about ten miles north of Bristol. 
The Rev. Mr. Dole, the author of this article, informs us that he gives the name Ringworthy 
on the authority of the late H. G. Somerby, Esq., to whom he is indebted for the record of 
Richard Dole's" baptism, his father's marriage, &c. Mr. Somerby found the name of the 
parish so spelled in the official records, both of the Bishop's Court and those of the Regis- 
try of Wills for Gloucestershire.— Editok. • 

1884.] The Bole Family. 75 

left at his decease an estate of £1840 — a large property for those 
times. He built, and made his home through life, on the north bank 
of the river Parker, just below where " Oldtown bridge " is now 
located. He was a man of marked ability and upright character, 
influential and respected as a citizen and a christian. 

Richard Dole came to Newbury, Mass., in 1639 ; married first, 
Hannah Rolfe, of Newbury, who died 16 Nov. 1678; married sec- 
ond, Hannah, widow of Capt. Samuel Brocklebank, of Rowley ; 
married third, Patience Walker, of Haverhill. The date of his 
death is not ascertained. Inventory of his estate was taken 26 
July, 1705, and will approved 30 July. So it is probable he died 
in his 83d year. He had children : 

2. i. John, b. 10 Aug. 1648. 

3. ii. Richard, b. 6 Sept. 1650. 

iii. Anna, b. 26 March, 1633 ; d. 6 July, 1653. 

iv. Benjamin, b. 14 June, 1654 ; believed to have d. young. 

v. Joseph, b. 5 Aug. 1657. Said to have been captain of one of his father's 
ships. There is evidence that he lived to be more than thirty years of 
age, but no record of his death or marriage. Yet there is some reason 
to think he may have been the father of a John, who subsequently ap- 
pears on the town records, but whose parentage is uncertain. 

4. vi. William, b. 11 April, 1660. 

5. vii. Henry, b. 9 March, 1663. 

viii. Hannah, b. 23 Oct. 1665 ; m. John Moody, 18 May, 1692. 
ix. Apphia, b. 7 Dec. 1668; m. Peter Coffin. 

6. x. Abner, b. 8 March, 1672. 

2. John 2 Dole {Richard 1 ), born 10 August, 1648. Was a physician. 

Settled in that part of Newbury which afterward became the busi- 
ness centre of Newburyport. He married Mary, daughter of Capt. 
William Gerrish, 23 October, 1676. The date of his death is un- 
known. Administration upon his estate was granted 3 October, 
1699. His children were : 

i. Hannah, b. 16 Aug. 1677; m. Jonadab Waite. 

7. ii. Benjamin, b. 16 Nov. 1679. 

iii. Mary, b. 14 Nov. 1681 ; believed to have d. young. 
iv. Sarah, b. 11 Dec. 1683 ; m. Joseph Macres. 

8. v. John, b. 16 Feb. 1686. 

vi. Moses, b. 24 Dec. 1688; d. unm. 22 Sept. 1708. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. 16 Aug. 1692 ; m. John Brown, Jr., 20 Jan. 1713. 

viii. Judith. 

3. Richard* Dole (Richard 1 ), born 6 Sept. 1650; lived near his fa- 

ther ; married Sarah, daughter of Capt. Stephen Greenleaf. She 
died Sept. 1718. He died 1 August, 1723. Monumental stones 
mark their graves in the oldest burying place in Newbury. They 

Richard, b. 28 April, 1678. 

Elizabeth, b. 1679 ; m. Joshua Plumer, 1699. 

Sarah, b. 14 Feb. 1681 ; m. William Johnson, of Woburn, 1 Jan. 1708. 

Shed. 14 Oct. 1710. 
Hannah, b. 5 Dec. 1682 ; m. Edmund Goodrich, 16 Nov. 1702. 
John, b. 2 Feb. 1685. 
Stephen, b. 2 Dec. 1686; d. an infant. 
Stephen, b. 1687. 
Joseph, b. 5 Dec. 1689. 
Mary, b. 1 July, 1694 ; m. John Gerrish, 1723. 




• • • 























76 The Dole Family. [Jan. 

4. William 2 Dole {Richard}), bora 11 April, 1660; lived near his fa- 
ther ; married Mary Brocklebank, daughter of his father's second 
wife, 13 October, 1684 ; d. 29 Jan. 1718. They bad : 

William, b. 1684. 

Hannah, b. 1685 ; m. Kelley. 

Mary, b. 1 Feb. 1688; in. Joshua Boynton, 30 April, 1708. 

Richard, b. 1 Dec. 1689. 

Jane, b. 23 Jan. 1692 ; m. Joseph Noyes, 17 Aug. 1711. 

Patience, b. 8 April, 1694; m. John Hale, 25 July, 1716 (see Reg. xxxi. 

95). Rev. Ephraim Pea body was one of her descendants. 
Apphia, b. 13 May, 1696 ; d. unto. 1754. 
Benjamin, b. 2 July, 1702. 

5. Henry 2 Dole {Richard 1 ), born 9 March, 1663. He married Sarah 

Brocklebank, like his brother William's wife, a daughter of his fa- 
ther's second wife. He died at the early age of twenty-six and a 
half years, 13 Sept. 1690. His widow married Hon. Nathaniel 
Coffin. Henry's children were : 

i. Apphiah, b. 28 Feb. 1688 ; d. 9 Oct. 1694. 

ii. Sarah, b. 12 Feb. 1690 ; m. Tristram Little, 30 Oct. 1707. 

6. Abner 2 Dole [Richard, 1st), born 8 March, 1672; married first, 

Mary Jewett, 1 Nov. 1694. She died 25 Nov. 1695. He married 
second, Sarah Belsher, of Boston, 5 Jan. 1699. She died 21 July, 
1730. The date of his death is not ascertained, but his will was 
proved 12 Jan. 1740. He had: 

17. i. Henry, b. 23 Oct. 1695. 

18. ii. Nathaniel, b. 29 March, 1701. 

iii. Sarah, b. 14 Jan. 1703; m. Jonathan Woodman. 

19. iv. Abner, b. 11 May, 1706. 

7. Benjamin 3 Dole (John, 2 Richard 1 ), born 16 Nov. 1679; like his 

father, a physician ; settled in Hampton, N. H. ; married Frances, 
daughter of Capt. Samuel Sherburne, 11 Dec. 1700 ; died 8 May, 
1707. Coffin (Hist, of Newbury) mistakes this man for Benjamin 
son of the first Richard, and has dated his birth accordingly. But 
he died, as appears on his tombstone, at the early age of 27. 

-f-* i- Jonathan, b. 14 April, 1703. 

ii. Mary, m. Rev. John Tuck, of the Isles of Shoals. See Register, x. 197. 
They were ancestors of the late Samuel G. Drake, A.M., for nearly 
ten years editor of this periodical. See Reg. xvii. 199. 
iii. Love, b. 1706; d. 1711. 

8. John 3 Dole [John, 2 Richard*), born 16 Feb. 1686; settled in Salis- 

bury ; m. Hannah Todd; died 18 August, 1720. 

-|- i. John, b. 1710. 

ii. Benjamin, b. 29 Dec. 1712 ; d. 13 April, 1720. 

iii. Moses, d. an infant. 

-f iv. Moses, b. 12 March, 1714. 

v. Mary, b. 13 Oct. 1717 ; d. 1720. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. 20 Feb. 1719 ; m. Henry Dole, son of Abner ; d. 11 June, 

9. Richard 3 Dole {Richard 2 Richard 1 ), born 28 April, 1678 ; mar- 

ried first, Sarah Illsley, 3 April, 1706. She died 26 Feb. 1708; 

• This mark, the sign of addition, indicates that the compiler has a record of the families • 
of the individuals to whose names it is prefixed. 


The Dole Family. 










married second, Elizabeth Stickney, 4 Aug. 1709. Their home was 
in Rowley after about 1715. He had: 

Enoch, b. 20 Jan. 1708. 

Edmund, b. 12 Nov. 1710. 

Moses, b. 15 Jan. 1714. 

SAR.\n, b. 29 Sept. 1716 ; m. Jethro Pearson, of Exeter, N. H., 7 June, 

Stephen, b. 2 Feb. 1719. 
Amos, b. 28 July, 1725 ; probably d. young. 

10. John 8 Dole {Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), born 2 Feb. 1685 ; married Esther 
Burpe, of Rowley, 24 June, 1717. He lived and died near the 
old home in Newbury. He had : 

l. Thomas, b. 16 Dec. 1718. 

Sarah, b. 23 March. 1722 ; m. Daniel Perkins, of Boxford, 27 Nov. 1740. 

Juhn, b. 28 Oct. 1724. 

Jeremiah, b. 22 Sept. 1727 ; d. Oct. 1727. 

Judith, b. 4 April, 1729 ; d. unm. 

Nathan, b. 12 May, 1733. 














11. Stephen 3 Dole {Richard, 2 Richard 1 ), born 1687; married Susanna 

Noyes, 29 Nov. 1706. She died 6 April, 1754. They lived and 
died in Newbury. He died 28 Jan. 1742. They had : 

i. Elizabeth, b. 30 May, 1718. 
Stephen, b. 28 Aug. 1720. 
Richard, b. 4 Feb. 1722. 

Sar\h, b. 18 Feb. 1726 ; m. Enoch Piumer, 9 Oct. 1759. 
Parker, b. 14 March, 1735 ; d. 25 Sept. 1758. 
Anna, b. 1741; d. 1745. 
Elizabeth, b. 12 Dec. 1746 ; m. D. Bailey. 

12. Joseph 3 Dole {Richard, 3 Richard 1 ), born 5 Dec. 1689 ; married 

Lydia Noyes, 1 Feb. 1717. It is believed that he had no son who 
lived to adult years. He lived and died at " Oldtown." The date 
of his death not ascertained. His will was proved October, 1757, 
He had : 

. Hannah, b. 2 Nov. 1717 ; d. unm. 1788. 

i. Joseph, b. 4 Jan. 1719. 

ii. Molly, b. 18 June, 1722 ; d. 5 Aug. 1723. 

v. Mary, b. 5 Dec. 1721 ; m. William Woodbridge. 

v. Lydia, b. 16 Aug. 1729; d. unin. 

vi. Joseph, b. 12 Oct. 1732. 

13. William 3 Dole ( William, 2 Richard 1 ), born 1684; married Rebekah 

Pearson, of Rowley, 8 Jan. 1714 ; lived at Oldtown. He died 8 
Aug. 1752. They had: 

i. Anna, b. 1 Feb. 1715 ; m. Moses Coffin, of Epping, N. H., 30 Sept. 1732 ; 
d. 1810. 
■4- ij : Daniel, b. 28 Sept. 1716. 

iii. David, b. 25 Aug. ; probably never married. Lost at sea. 
+ iv. William, b. 19 Sept. 1720. 

v. Jodn, b. 14 Aug. 1722 ; d. an infant. 
vi. John, b. 27 Nov. 1724; d. 14 June, 1729. 
-f- vii. Jonathan, b. 23 March. 1727. 

viii. Rebekah, b. 30 Aug. 1729 ; d. unm. 

ix. Mary, b. 13 Sept. 1731 ; in. Samuel Piumer, 8 April, 1755, and became 
the mother of Gov. William Piumer of New Hampshire. See Keo. 
xxv. 2. 
x. Eunice, b. 18 June, 1733. 

78 The Dole Family. [Jan. 

14. Richard 3 Dole {William,' 1 Richard*), born 1 Dec. 1689; married 

Sarah Emery, 21 May, 1719 ; died 10 March, 1778. They had: 

i. Sarah, b. 12 March, 17-20 ; m. James Knight, 22 May, 1740. 

ii. Richard, b. 1 March, 1721 ; d. an infant. 

Ui. Richard, b. 23 April, 1722 ; d. an infant. 

iv. Abigail, b. 14 April, 1727 ; m. John Plumer, 4 April, 1751 ; d. 24 May, 

v. Anne, b. 26 Nov. 1729 ; m. William Illsley, 24 Nov. 1747. 
vi. Eliphalet, b. 19 Feb. 1732; d. young. 
vii. A son, b. 27 March, 1735; d. young. 

viii. Ruth, b. 30 Nov. 1738 ; m. Thomas Plumer ; d. 24 Aug. 1805. 
-f- ix. Stephen, b. 7 July, 1741. 

15. Samuel 3 Dole {William, 2 Richard 1 ), born 1 June, 1699; married 

Elizabeth Knight, 30 Oct. 1720. Moved to West Newbury 1730, 
and built on " Crane-neck Hill." Died 15 Dec. 1776. They had: 

i. Elizabeth, b. 31 July. 1722 ; m. Henry, eon of Abner Dole. 
-f- ii. Samuel, b. March, 1724. 

iii. Moses, b. 4 Feb. 1726 ; d. 14 Nov. 1736. 

iv. Mary, b. 14 Sept. 1727. 

v. Apphia, b. 25 Jan. 1730 ; m. Josiah Bartlet ; d. 22 Nov. 1765. 

vi. Oliver, b. 13 Aug. 1732 ; d. 5 Feb. 1737. 
-f- vii. Richard, b. 3 Feb. 1736. 

viii. Sarah, b. 7 Jan. 1738 ; m. Joshua Moody, 4 May, 1758. 

ix. Eunice, b. 30 May, 1741 ; m. Nicholas Lunt, 26 Jan. 1768 ; d. March, 

x. Hannah, b. 11 Dec. 1744 ; m. . 

16. Benjamin 3 Dole {William,' 1 Richard 1 ), born 2 July, 1702; supposed 

to have married Sarah Clark, 6 Nov. 1731. Settled at " Crane 
Neck," W. Newbury ; died 4 Jan. 1776. He had seventeen child- 
dren, but one of whom ever married : 

i. Amos, b. 30 Jan. 1733 ; d. 23 March, 1816. 

ii. Sarah, b. 16 June, 1734; d. 28 Sept. 1736. 

iii. Patience, born 8 Sept. 1736; d. 12 June, 1782. 

iv. Oliver, b. Oct. 1738 ; d. 24 Sep*. 1770. 

v. Micah, b. 20 Feb. 1740 ; d. Dec. 1747. 

vi. Jane, b. 1 Aug. 1742; d. ? Feb. 1825. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. 2 March, 1744 ; married Joseph Wadleigh. 

viii. Susannah, b. 6 March, 1746 : d. 26 Nov. 1804. 

ix. Judith, b. 2 Sept. 1747 ; d. 17 Aug. 1837. 

x. , d. an infant. 

xi. Moses, b. 13 April, 1750; d. 18 Feb. 1816. 
) xii. Eunice, b. 17 Oct. 1751 ; d. 17 Nov. 1796. 

xiii. , d. an infant. 

xiv. Sarah, b. 8 June, 1754 ; d. 29 June, 1754, aged 21 days. 
xv. David, b. 15 March, 1756; d. 15 Oct. 1839. 
xvi. Hannah, d. an infant. 
xvii. Samuel, d. an infant. 

17. Henry 8 Dole {Abner, 2 Richard 1 ), born 28 Oct. 1695 ; lived near his 

father in Oldtown ; married first, Mary Hale, 13 Nov. 1728 ; mar- 
ried second, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Dole, 4 Oct. 1742. Date 
of death not ascertained. His will was proved 1 Oct. 17GC. He 
had : 

i. Henry, b. 3 Nov. 1729 ; d. 13 Nov. 1736. 

ii. Samuel, b. 30 Aug. 1731 ; d. 31 Aug. 1736. 

iii. Jeremiah, b. 2 May, 1733 ; d. 7 Sept. 1736. 

iv. Mary, b. 5 Oct. 1737 ; m. Thomas Cross, 2 Dec. 1762. 

v. Sarah, b. 25 May, 1739 ; m. John Poor, 8 Nov. 1759 ; d. 17 Aug. 1319. 

+ vi. Moses, b. 23 Aug. 1740. 

1884.] New England Gleanings. 79 

vii. Ecn-ice, b. I Aug. 1743 ; m. John Thurston, 26 Jan. 1765 ; d. 1817. 
-f- viii. Hexry, b. 12 Sept. 1748. 

18. Nathaniel 3 Dole (Abner 2 Richard, 1st), born 29 March, 1701 ; 

married Elizabeth Noyes, 26 Nov. 1730. Settled in Salisbury and 
died there 12 August, 1790. He had : 

Nathaniel, b. 3 Nov. 1731 ; d. 24 Aug. 1736. 

Belsher, b. 25 Feb. 1733 : d. 23 Sept. 1736. 

Elizabeth, b. 5 Nov. 1734 ; d. 28 Sept. 1736. 

Cutting, b. 30 March, 1736. 

Sarah, b. 25 Dec. 1737 ; d. 15 Dec. 1765. 

Nathaniel, b. 20 May, 1739. 

Belsher, b. 23 Jan. 1741. 

Jacob, b. 29 Oct. 1742. 

Jane, b. 6 Aug. 1744 ; m. Samuel Moody ; d. 31 Aug. 1798. 

Samuel, b. 6 May, 1746 ; d. 19 Oct. 1748. 

David, b. 10 Dec. 1747 ; d. 7 Nov. 1748. 

Isaiah, b. 4 Oct. 1748. 

19. Abner 3 Dole (Abner, 2 Richard 1 ), born 11 May, 1706 ; married Mary 

Kent, 3 Sept. 1730. Date of death unknown ; was living in 1769. 

i. Sarah, b. 27 April, 1731 ; m. Joseph Warner, 8 Aug. 1749. 
ii. Abner, b. 5 Sept. 1732 ; d. probably unm. 1757. 
ill. Mary, b. 7 July, 1735. 
+ iv. Joseph, b. 16 Jan. 1740. 

v. Elizabeth, b. 28 Oct. 1743 ; probably m. Abner Greenleaf, 12 Jan. 


















Note. — The compiler of this record, which for brevity's sake is little more than a list of 
names, is a native of Newbury, and began more than forty years ago to note down items 
in the family pedigree. Since that he has pursued the subject as opportunity has offered. 
He has searched the records of Newbury and adjacent towns; has corresponded exten- 
sively with Doles in various parts of the country, and has been able, in almost all cases, to 
trace their lineage from our common ancestor Richard. He has collected materials for a 
tolerably full genealogy of the various branches of the family down to a recent period. If 
sufficient interest is felt among them to give needed encouragement, he would be glad, 
should his life be spared, to put it into a form in which all interested in the subject may 
possess it. 


UNDER this head we shall puhlish such items as are furnished 
us containing references to the English residences of the settlers 
New England. 


Middlesex County Deeds, I. 87. — Susan Blackiston, of New Castle upon 
Tine, widow, August 27, 1653, constitutes Joanna Scill of New England, 
widow, her attorney to recover from : — 

Anne Errington, widow, debt, 1637. 

Andrew Stevenson, cobbler, debt, 1637. 

John Trumble, cooper, debt, 1637. 

Thomas Chesholme, taylor, debt, 1635. 

All late of New Castle upon Tine, and now of New England. 

80 New England Gleanings, [Jan. 

lb. I. 143. — "William Cutter, of New Castle upon Tine, his attorneys and 
well beloved friends Edward Goffe, Mr. Elijah Corlett and Thomas Sweet- 
man of Cambridge, and Robert Hale of Charlestown in N. E. January 12, 

lb. I. 123.— Samuel "Ward, of Hull, N. E., March 26, 1655, makes drafts 
on Wapping and Algate. 

lb. II. 32. — Anne Palsgrave, of Stepney, co. Middlesex, England, widow 
of Richard Palsgrave, late of Charlestown, N. E., physician, March 17, 
1656, revokes power formerly given John Abbott of Roxbury, Thomas 
Cooper of Seaconk and William Dade of Charlestown, and makes her at- 
torneys John Pierce, mariner of Wapping, co. Middlesex, and Edmund 
Haylet of Stepney. 

lb. III. 77. — The executors of William Tanner, late of Co^o-eshall Mac- 
na, co. Essex, Eng., make John Phimbe of Hartford, 2s. E., son of George 
of Inworth, co. Essex, Eng., his attorney to collect debts of Thomas Sweet- 
man, merchant of Cambridge, N. E., and others, 1661. 

lb. IX. 165, and X. 576. — Daniel Bacon, of Cambridge, and his wife 
Mary, daughter of Thomas Read of Colchester, co. Essex, old England,*, 
deceased, 1678. 

lb. XV. 167.— Thomas Whinyard of y e Parrish of Alhallows the Wall, 
London, coachman, and Anna Wynyard alias Gould, his wife and sister 
of Thomas Gould late of y e Parrish of St. Mary Ase, London, and of her 
Majesty's ship Eagle, mariner dee'd, constitute our loveing cousen James 
Gooding of Norton Island near Boston in N. E., our attorney, to collect 
rents, &c. in Charlestown late in possession of their unckle John Gould, 
Sept. 7, 1708. 

Middlesex County Court Records, IV. §§. — Nathaniel Harwood [Con- 
cord] assignee and attorney of his brother John Harwood of London the 
elder, June 19, 1683, sues Samuel Nowell Esq. who m. Mary, widow of 
Mr. Hezekiah Usher, for legacy of 50£. 

lb. I. 25. — Thomas Stow vs. Ilopestill Foster for rents due from est. of 
John Bi-is of Maidstone, co. Kent. 1652. 

Essex Count]j Court Files, IX. 45. — Daniel King of Becomfeld, co. 
Buckes, Eng. May 16, 1653, and bound for N. E., received 45£ 14s. 9d. 
from his cousin William Guy as an adventure. 

lb. IX. 46. — Daniel, son of Daniel King Senr of Lynn in 1658, had gose 
to Barbadoes. 

lb. XVII. 75. — Copy of draft by Michael Spencer, dated Boston, Jan'y 
19, 1648, upon his cousin Daniel Spencer, Grocer, "in Friday Streete in 
London," payable to Mr. Thomas Ruck, Haberdasher att the Seaven 
Starres on London bridge for 30£ part of legacy " given mee by my Un- 
ckle Richard Spencer." 

lb. XXII. 142. — Salem, April 2, 1674. Inquest on Michacll partridge 
of Solcum In Devonsheire and Thomas Hoop r : of Seaton In s'd sheire 
drowned ; debts at Marblehead. 

lb. XL VI. 100. — Thomas Starr, about 19, saw Francis Chappell, a 
youth, in Tiumouth, Devonshire, in February, lOSu-Q. 

1884.] New England Gleanings. 81 

Beverly Town Records. — "William Hooper, son of Julian Hooper of Co- 
ker in Old England was drowned at sea Nov. 8, 1679, aged 30. 

Essex County Court Files, XXXIX. 136. — Thomas Alley servant to 
Daniel Chamberlin of the Island of Jersey, apprenticed to John Pedrick 
of Marblehead, on the neck side, May 3, 1675. 

Essex County Court Files, XXXVII. 149. — From declaration of Job 
Tookie to the Court at Salem, June 27, 1682, having been imprisoned by 
Doctor Richard Knott, an Englishman of Marblehead, for refusing to ship 
on a fishing voyage as agreed, to recompense Dr. Knott for assuming a 
debt to Mr. Wentworth of Piscataqua — w * Master Knott in a rage saying 
that he had better att home to wipe his shoes than ever my father was, &c. 
is no small grief to me, .... My great grandfather was a Doctor of Di- 
vinitye in London in Queen Elizabeth's Tyme & Deceased there : my 
V Grandfather was Minister of St. Ives well known by y e honoured Govern 1, 

Broadstreet as his honour told me himself and likewise by Major Pendleton 
of Winter Harbor now Deceased ; mv father and M r Wiliam Bridge 
Preached twelve veares together in v e New Church of Great varmouth. I 
beinsr his eldest son he did intend I should have been a miuister and in mv 
Thirteenth year of age Sent me to Emanuell Colledge in Cambridge. I 
had been there but a fortnight before my father sent for me home and asked 
me if I was willing to goo to London to be an apprentice. I went and was 
bound to a Whole Sale Grocer in Cheapside, but not much above a year 
the chiefest part of the Citty was burnt and my father consenting to my 
going to sea I was bound for three years to Capt Sam 11 Scarlett of Boston 
which time I served," &c. &c. 

[The Rev. Job Tookie, of Yarmouth, England, father of the deponent, was ejected 
under the Bartholomew act. There is a loni* account of him in Palmer's Noncon- 
formists' Memorial (ed. 1777), vol. ii. pp. 209-12. He was born at St. Ives, Dec. 
11, 1616, and died in London, Nov. 20, 1670, aged 54. He was the son of Job 
Tookie, minister of St. Ives in Huntingdonshire. There had been ministers in the 
family for several generations. — Editor.] 

lb. I. 94. — John Wyatt of Ipswich 15 — 10 — 1647, grandfather of the 
children of Luke Heard Senior of Ipswich dec'd, and wife Sarah. A por- 
tion of land at Assington in Suffolk, Old England, to be the right of said 
~ Sarah after her mother's decease, if not entailed. 

Com. by Henry E. Waite, Esq., of West Newton, Mass. 


York County Registry, II. 108. — Joseph Couch, son of W m Couch in the 
County of Cornwall, sells land (at Kittery) to John Bray, late of Plymouth 
County of Devon, shipwright, 1G68. 

The daughter Margery of the above John Bray m. the first William 

Com. by William M. Sargent, Esq., of Portland, Me. 

Portrait of Brig. Gen. James Reed. — A portrait of this patriot of the war of 
the Revolution whs presented to the state of New Hampshire in August last. It 
was painted by Miss Anna De Witt Reed, daughter of the late Rev. iS^lvanus Reed, 
of New York city, who was a great-great-grandson of Gen. Reed. It is presented 
by Mrs. Caroline G. Reed, widow of the Rev. Mr. Reed. It was copied from a 
miniature in enamel in possession of the family, taken prior to the year 1780. 

vol. xxivnr. 8 

82 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 



Bellingham. — In looking over an interesting manuscript sheet pedigree of the 
Curwens of Workington and allied families, compiled by the late Mr. George Han- 
eon of Maryland, for his kk History of Kent County," I noticed some descents of 
** Bellingham of Levins," and it occurred to me that the Richard and William Bel- 
lingham, who came to Massachusetts in 1634, may have been of this family. Can 
any one tell me if these emigrants came from the north or west of England. Sav- 
age does not say. 

A George Curwin or Curwen, from " Workington," came to Boston in 1628. 
His name does not appear on the pedigree of this branch, and I am not able to place 
him. Cara J. Hubbard. 

Navy Yard, Portsmouth , N. H. 

Gleanings from the British Museum. 

1. Parish Register of Somer by, in the County of Leicester, England. Brit. Mus. 
Additional MSS. 24, 802. " Purchased of 0. Devon, Esq. April, 1862." This is a 
Jong, narrow book of a few leaves of vellum, not more than five, with entries from 
1601 to 1715 — some of them barely legible. It is imperfect. There are few entries 
under the first date, the most perhaps of the years 1633 and following a number of 
years. After 1700 the entries are more full. The most frequent names are Smith, 
Green, Knnpp. Some of those which occasionally occur are Eyglesfield, Trigg, 
Baxter, Barton (a St. John Barton). Byllington, Sharp and Roberts. I notice sev- 
eral entries in the name of Beeby, after 1700, bearing the christian names of Lydia, 
Francis, John and Robert. 

2. John Adams. Additional MSS. 24.329, contains an interesting letter of John 
Adams of three quarto pages, dated " Quincy, near Boston, May 12, 1793," to 
" John Stockdale, Esq., Piccadilly, London," a reply to his of " 16 March." 
From a manuscript note on the back it appears to have been bought at " R. Cole's 
sale 29 July 1861 Lot 9." This letter refers to the publication of some of Ad- 
ams's writings. He says he did not write kt Publicola, or any part of it." It is 
not written in a very amiable mood. 

Another denial of the authorship of the above is to be found in Randolph's Life 
of Jefferson, where a letter is quoted of an earlier date than the foregoing. 

Camden, N. J. William John Potts. 

Thomas Purchase, an Early Centenarian (Essex Co. Court Files, xsviii. 147). — 
14 An Invetory [sic] of the Estate of M* Thomas Purshas Senior deseased in Linn in 
may ist i678 = : Aged lOi years =" presented by wife Elizabeth. h. e. w. 

Larrabee (ante, vol. xix. p. 128). — I can add one complete family to the Larra- 
bees in the Register for April, 1867, which seems so far to have been overlooked. 

March 6, 1732-3. Isaac Larrabee, now of Lynn, but formerly of North Yarmouth, 
recites that his father Stephen Larrabee was by a deed from the Indians an owner 
of a lot of land in said North Yarmouth before Governor Danforth and others were 
regularly settling the town ; that at a meeting at that time of the Committee and 
Proprietors it was agreed that the heirs of said Stephen Larrabee should quit and re- 
sign all their right and claim to said tract on condition that each of the children, 
viz. : Stephen, William, John, Thoinas, Samuel, Isaac, Benjam/m, Ephraim and Jean 
Ashfield should have a 10 acre lot laid out and granted them with a full share in 
the common and undivided lands — " but so it happened that John went to See and \ 
dyed abrode and Ephraim was killed by the Indians at North Yarmouth and there 
was no lot laid out either for John or Ephraim. Wherefore your Petitioner prays 
that said lots may be laid out to the heirs of said John and Ephraim Larrabee." 

Portland, Me. William M. Sargent. 



1884.] Notes and Queries. 83 

The Nicholas Gilman House at Exeter, N. H.— John T. Perry, Esq., one of the 
editors and proprietors of the Cincinnati Gazette, retired last year from that paper, 
and has removed to Exeter, N. II., where he has bought and now occupies the 
house occupied by his great-grandfather, Nicholas Gilman, from about 1752 to his 
death in 1783. Mr. Gilman was Treasurer of New Hampshire and chairman of the 
Committee of Safety. Much of the headwork of the Revolution was transacted in 
the little office in one corner of the building. . After his death the inansioa was oc- 
cupied for many years by his eldest son, Gov. John Taylor Gilman. The place has 
been recently thoroughly repaired, and is one of the most interesting of the few re- 
maining colonial ''seats,'' for such it is called in the Exeter map of 1802. The 
central part is built of brick, with walls about two feet thick. They have been cov- 
ered with wood to conform to the wings put on, probably by Mr. Nicholas Gil- 
man. There is some obscurity about the history of the older part of the house, 
but if the description in " The Homes of the Gilmans," published in the Granite 
Monthly for October, 1882, can be trusted, it was probably built by Nathaniel Ladd 
the younger, born 1679. 


White. — Daniel White, of Cambridge 1696, and Lexington 1731, had wife Mary, 
and secondly, a wife Hannah. Who was his father, and what the wives' names ? 
Rochdale, Mass. T. \V . Nickerson. 

Robinson. — Is it possible to find from what county in England Thomas Robinson, 
who settled in Hartford in 1640, came ? Maria M. Whitney". 

Moseley Homestead, Westjield, Mass. 

Spriggs, Spracg. — T am desirous of obtaining genealogical information relating to 
Elizabeth Spriggs, who married John Carter, Ei?q., July 3, 1733, in the Swedish 
Church, Philadelphia. The first of the family w came from London and was named 

a John Spragg. Mrs. R. B. Allen. 

I 53 O j ford St., Cambridge, Mass. 

Wise. — Can any of the readers of the Register inform me who the wife of Rev. 
Jeremiah Wise was? She was buried at South Berwick, Me., Nov. 12, 1742. (Reg. 
of Jan. 1856, p. 58.) Winfield S. Jameson. 

Port Gamble, Washington Ter. 

Cowley - . — Are there any descendants on this side of the Atlantic of Walter Cow- 
ley or Cooley, who was the Solicitor General of Ireland in 1559, and who emigrated 
with his brother Richard to Ireland in the reign of Henry VIII. from Rutlandshire 
in England? The name was originally Cooley, and of one branch of the family the 
Duke of Wellington and others of the Wellesly family were members. Bein<r a 
descendant of the " Cowleys " through my grandmother, I should be pleased to have 
correspondence with any connections of the Irish branch of that family. 

Portland, Me. John T. Hull. 

Weeks — Weekes.— Information is desired in regard to the following persons and 
their descendants : 

William, born 1654 ; George, born 1664 ; Joseph, Jr., born 1670 (wife Deliver- 
ance) : Samuel, born 1680 (wife Elizabeth): Arumiel, b;>rn 1683 (wife Deborah) 
at Brookfield 1737-6:^; William, born 1690 (wife Sarah); Ebenezer, born 1609; 
Lemuel, born 1733 (wife Elizabeth); of Dorchester and Boston. William, born 
1655 (wife Joan) , of DorchcsUr, Worcester and Northfield. Elijah, born 1710 (at 
Rye, N. Y., 1717) ; Samuel, horn 1720 ; Moses, born 1770; of Marlborough. Tho- 
mas (had son Nathan, born 1761), oi Ware. Ebenezer, Joel, Nathan, Eli, Isaac, 
Daniel, born 1772-92, sons of Holland and Mary, of Belchertown. Reuben, born 
1776 (wife Anna), of Harwich Barber (Geneeee Co., N. Y., 1812-17), William, 
Ebenezer, born 1768-80. sons of Hezckiah, of Norwich — all born in Massachusetts. 

Also any evidence showing whether William, admitted an inhabitant of Fal- 

84 2Fotes and Queries, [Jan. 

mouth, Maine, 17*27, was or was not the same with William (above), born Boston, 
1689-90, who married, 1721. Sarah Tukekee, of Dorchester. Address 

Grovestend, Essex Co., N. J. Robert D. Weeks. 

Ames. — Abel Ames, born May 3, 1770 (supposed in Groton, Mass.), removed 
from Groton, N. II., to Lake (then Geauga) County, Ohio, in 1816. He married, 
in 1793, Polly Boynton, and in 1801 Hannah Fowler. Where was he born, and 
who were his ancestors? R. H. Mitchell. 

Nevada, Iowa. 

Hatward. — Who was the wife of Thomas Hay ward, the settler from England to 
Duxbury before 1638? and who was Elizabeth, the wife of Nathaniel Rayward, 
grandson of Thomas? R. H. Mitchell. 

Nevada, Iowa. 

Mitchell. -r-The old Book of Records of Chatham says " James Mitchell y e son of 
William & Sarah Mitchell was born Nov. y e 4 th 1718." 

Tabitha, daughter of the same, was born July 19, 1720 ; Mary, daughter of same, 
born May, 1722 ; William, the son of William and Sarah, born June 31, 1725. 

Who can tell anything of this family? R. H. Mitchell. 

Nevada, Iowa. 

Rev. Peter Bulkeley's Letters. — In the excellent " History of the Town of Con- 
cord," by the late Lemuel Sliattuck, reference is made to the various letters of 
Peter Bulkeley, one of the founders of Concord, as well as its earliest minister. 
These letters are the following, taking them in the order in which they come in Mr. 
Shattuck's book: 1. (p. 150), "a long letter, ... written by Mr. Bulkeley before 
his ordination, to the Rev. Mr. Cotton of Boston." and the date of which would 
therefore be previous to April 6, 1637. 2. (pp. 154. 5) Feb. 12, 1039, to Mr. Shep- 
ard, of Cambridge. 3. (same pp.) December 17, 1610, to John Cotton. 4. (p. 155) 
Sept. 26, 1642, to the same. These documents are not in the possession of Mr. 
Shattuck's family, and 1 shall be pleased to learn where they are preserved. Re- 
plies may be addressed to the care of Mr. Dean, 18 Somerset Street, Boston. 

B. Beedham. 

Moor. — I wish to learn of a man named Moor, who was in business on Long 
Wharf about the time of the Revolution. I do not know his christian name. His 
wife's name was Hannah. She died in B jston in 1803. One of his sons was au 
officer in the 3d Mass. Artillery during the Revolution. 

Boston, Mass. * William F. Jones. 

Sherwood — Bradford. — I have received several inquiries about a daughter or 
granddaughter of Gov. William Bradford, who married a Sherwood. Can any 
one tell me her name, or anything about where her descendants settled, or whose 
daughter she was ? Her name, and husbaud's name alone, will be valuable to me. 

P. O. Box 55, Newark, N. J. W. L. Sherwood. 

Allen Queries. — 1. What was the maiden name of Zipporah, wife of Ephraim 
Allen? She died Dec. 28, 1769, at Attieboro', aged 80 years. Where was her 
birth-place ? 

2. Of what place was Mary Torrey, who married Benjamin Allen, of Berkley, 
and who died in Attieboro', May 3, 1778, aged 53 years? Was she of Weymouth ? 
His second wife was Catharine ? Where born ? 

Taunton, Mass. Please address Rev. E. W. Allen. 

Wright and Stebbins. — Wanted, the parentage of Henry Wright, who married 
Elizabeth Stebbins about 1755. Their first child was born in December, 1756, and 
the father, 11. \V\, died in Wilbraham, Oct. 30, 1818, aged 89. Was he the II. 
W. born in Springfield, Aug. 7, 1729, son of Henry and Elizabeth? 

Wanted, also, the parentage of the above Elizabeth Stebbins. She died April 17, 
1776, in her 39th year, as the Wilbraham records say. Alfred C. Chapin. 

115 Broadway, New York City. 





1884.] Notes and Queries. 85 

Austin. — Robert 1 Austin, of King's Town, R. I., died before 1687. Who was 
his wife? What were his children's names? 

Jeremiah 2 Austin, Kind's Town, Exeter, R. I., was born between 1660 and 1670. 

and married, 1090 to 1695, Elizabeth . Who were the parents of Elizabeth? 

What were the names of Jeremiah's children? 

Robert 3 Austin, King's Town, Westerly, Charlestown ; born 1690 to 1695, and 
died 1752 at Charlestown, R. I. Who were the parents of his wife Hannah ? What 
were the names of his children ? J. 0. Austin. 

P. O. Box 31, Providence, R. 1. 

Potter. — Dorothy Potter, widow, born 1617, married about 1647 John Albro, of 
Portsmouth, R. L. for her second husband. She had only one child by her first, 
husband (viz. Nathaniel Potter). Who were her parents, and what was the christ- 
ian name of her first husband? J. O. Austin. 

Providence, R. 1. 

Sears. — " Richard Sears, of Hingham, co. Suffolk, province Mass." purchased 
V land at Lyme, Conn., in 1719. Silas Sears bought land there in 1727, and James 

Sears in 1728. Neither of these names appears in Hingham town records. Any 
information respecting them, their parents, &c, will oblige S. P. May. 

Newton, Mass. 



Early Records of Casco or Falmouth, Me. (ante, xxxvii. 306). — I have noticed 
by your Register that Mr. Mayberry and others are trying to discover what became 
of the earlier Falmouth records. I presume this will settle it for them : 

1722. The Proprietors of North Yarmouth in a petition — request that a copy may 
be made of their records (then in Charlestown), but the original kept in Boston 
*' that so the ancient Records of the said Town may be kept safe & secured from 
the danger of falling into the hands of the Indians & other casualties that may hap- 
pen, which was the unhappy case of Falmouth in Casco Bay whose Records were 
lost, the loss of which has run them into great confusion & has almost proved their 
utter ruin & destruction." William M. Sargent. 

Portland, Me. 

Longmeadow Families. — In examining the list of " Longmeadow Families," 
given in the Register, xxxii. p. 402, I can add a couple of items. My father mar- 
ried the Flavia Burt there spoken of, who died in 1819, and 1 have met the Mrs. 
Burn ham who was Miss Emelia Burt, after her marriage to Mr. T. K. Brace. 

You can therefore add, if you see fit, to that family list — 

Flavia Burt was married to Charles S. Pbel;s, of Warehouse Point, Conn., in 
the spring of 18 It-*. 

Mrs. Euielia Burnham was afterwards married to Thomas K. Brace, of Hartford, 

My mother was Charles S. Phelps's second wife. C. E. Phelps. 

Wadsworth (ante, xxxvii. 403). — Our correspondent X. is informed that the 
entries in the Cowles bible about this family are printed in the Wadsworth book, 
page 129. 

Historical Intelligence. 

The Letters and Times of the Tylers, Father and Son. — Lyon Gardiner Tyler, 
Esq., of Richmond, Va., has ready for publication a work with the above title. Ik 
•will contain memoirs of Gov. John Tyler of Virginia, and his son the Hon. John 
Tyler, tenth President of the United States. Numerous letters and documents will 
bo introduced, including the address of Ex-President Tyler, May 13, 1857, at the 
quarter millenary celebration of the English settlement at Jamestown. The talented 
author is the youngest son of President Tyler, and has had decided success in obtain- 
ing original matter to illustrate the lives of his father and grandfather. Free access 
has been granted him to the papers of Daniel Webster, Caleb Cubbing and Abel P. 

86 Notes and Queries. • [Jan. 

Upshur, and he has conferred with Messrs. Bancroft and Curtis in preparing this 
work, which will be a valuable and interesting contribution to our historical and 
biographical literature. It will make two volumes of abjut 500 pages each, and 
will be furnished to subscribers at $3 a volume. It will be illustrated by three por- 
traits on steel, one of Gov. Tyler and two of President Tyler. 

The Dartmouth. — This college paper, of which Mr. Fletcher Ladd is the manag- 
ing editor, is published bi-weekly at Hanover, N. H. Each number contains 28 
pages, and the price is two dollars a year. The present volume is much im- 
proved in several respects, and the alumni of Dartmouth College are particularly 
appealed to for support. Special prominence is given to the ki Memorada Alumno- 
rum " department, which has much biographical interest and value. 

Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating to 
any of these towns are advised to send them at once to the person engaged in writ- 
ing the history of that town. 

Weare, N. H. — A history of this town is in preparation under the charge of a 
committee of twenty-six persons who were appointed two years ago. The general 
committee assigned to twelve persons certain topics to write upon for the proposed 
work. A historian will soon be chosen to write the history of the town, making 
such changes and additions to the chapters prepared by the committee as he may 
deem necessary. The town has already appropriated five hundred dollars towards 
defraying the expenses. It is expected that the book will be completed and pub- 
lished in the course of two years. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially ser- 
vice under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with places and dates of birth, marriages 
residence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 

Ballou. By the Rev. Adin Ballou, of Hopedale, Mass. — The genealogy of this 
family for some years has been in process of collection by Ira B. Peck, who has 
now relinquished, by reason of acre, the undertaking to Ariel Ballou, M.D.,and Hon. 
Latimer \V. Ballou, of Woonsoeket, R. I., and who in turn have engaged the Rev. 
Adin Ballou, the historian of the town of Milford, to complete the labors of com- 
pilation. Rev. Adin Ballou, the editor, would therefore solicit information from 
genealogists and local historians throwing light upon this family. All data, births, 
marriages and deaths ; service for public good in civil, educational, military or in- 
dustrial life, and in fact all data which reveal the life, labors and character of the 
scattered family, will be most cheerfully welcomed. The mother of our lamented 
President Garfield was a member of this family. 

Codman. By O^den Codman, Jr., of Boston. — Any information in regard to the 
Codman family will be gratefully received. Address Mr. Codman at IS Somerset 

Dodge. By Robert Dodge, 12 Wall Street, New York City. — This work is com- 
pleted and ready to be printed when an adequate subscription is secured. It will 
make a handsome 12mo- of about 300 pages, and the price will be $3. It will be 
sold only to subscribers. It will be entitled " Tristram Dodge and his Descendants 
in America ; with Historical and Descriptive Accounts of Block Island and Cow 
Neck, L. I., their original settlements." 

Goodhue. — By the Rev. J. E. Goodhue, of Cuba, N. Y. 

Goodrich. — »• The Goodrich Family Memorial,' 1 Part II., by Edwin Hubbard, of 
Chicago, III., is in press, and advance sheets of 91 pages are before us. It is to 
contain the American history and four generations of the descendants of William 
Goodrich, an early settler of Wethersfield, Ct. The work is to be illustrated, and 
is well done. 

Lamb. By Frank B. Lamb, Bainbridge, N. Y. — This book will be devoted to 
the descendants of Thomas Lamb of Roxbury, 1030. The author solicits aid from 
all members of the family. 

" ' 


1884.]- Societies and their Proceedings, 87 

Philbrick. By the Rev. Jacob Chapman, of Exeter, N. II. — The book will be de- 
voted to the descendants of Thomas Philbrick, who in 1630 was of Watertown, 
Mass., and afterwards of North Hampton, N. H., where he died. The author will 
be thankful to auy who will furnish materials to aid him. 

Powers. — Edwin Hubbard, of Chicago, 111., is carrying through the press a gen- 
ealogy of this family, principally compiled from the collections of Amos H. Powers, 
of Chicago, and the late Herman Powers, of Massachusetts. Advance sheets of 82 
pages, now before us, show that it will be a valuable book. 

Ranlett, Randlet and Rundlett. By Seth A, Ranlett, Boston, Mass. — More than 
500 names and a nearly complete record of several branches of this family have been 
collected. Circulars furnished and correspondence solicited by Seth A. Ranlett, 
Boston, Mass. 

Treat. — A genealogy of the descendants of Rev. Samuel Treat of Eastham, son 
of Gov. Robert Treat of Connecticut, is in course of preparation. All who are 
able to furnish information are requested to correspond with J. II . Treat, Law- 
rence, Mass., or E. P. Treat, Frankfort, Me. 

Weeks. By Robert D. Weeks, Gravestend, New Jersey.— Mr. Weeks is collect- 
ing materials for a genealogical history of the descendants of George Weekes, or 
Weeks, who settled in Dorchester, Mass., in 1G35. Encouraging progress has been 
made. Correspondence is solicited. 

Weeks. By the Rev. Jacob Chapman, of Exeter, N. II. — This work is devoted to 
the descendants of Leonard Weeks of Portsmouth, N. H., 1656. Records and 
other materials thankfully received. 


New-Exgland Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Wednesday, March 7, I8S3. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon 
at 3 o'clock, at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, the president, the Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., in the chair. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, AM., the corresponding secretary, announced and 
exhibited some of the principal donations received during the past month. 

Resolutions on the death of William Duane, honorary vice-president for Penn- 
sylvania, prepared by George H. Allan, of the committee appointed in January, 
were read and adopted. 

Rev. Charles C. Beaman, of Boston, read a historical paper on " Windsor, Ver- 
mont." Remarks followed from several members, and thanks were voted to him. 

John Ward Dean. A.M., the librarian, reported as donations in February, 38 vol- 
umes and 97 pamphlets. 

Rev. Mr. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accepting the mem- 
bership to which they had been elected, from His Honor Albert Palmer, mayor of 
Boston; George C. Shattuck, M.D., and Robert K. Darrah, of Boston; Samuel B. 
Rindge, of Cambridge; Oakes A. Ames, of North Easton ; Col. John 31. Fes^en- 
den, of Princeton, N. J. ; Hon. Francis II. Dewey, of Worcester, and J. P. Bishop, 
of Taunton. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., the historiographer, reported memorial sketches 
of five deceased members, viz. : Hon. Marshall Jewell of Hartford, Ct., Col. John 
M. Fessenden of Princeton, N. J., Eliab Kingman of Washington, D. C, Hon. 
Samuel L. Crocker of Taunton, and Hon. Paul A. Chadbourne of Amherst. 

April 4. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the 

The corresponding secretary announced important donations. 

Hon. Nathaniel F. Satford, chairman of the committee appointed in March, re- 
ported resolutions on the death of the Rev. Dr. Paul A. Chadbourne, which, after 
remarks from members, were adopted. 

Rev. Andrew P. Peahody, D.D., LL.D., of Cambridge, read a very interesting 
paper on "The Italian People, '\ founded on observations during visits the last 
year and sixteen years previous. Remarks were made by several members and 
thanks were voted. 

88 Societies and their Proceedings, ■ [Jan. 

The librarian reported 58 volumes and 576 pamphlets as donations. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting membership from Joseph 
Foster of London and George William Curtis of New Brighton, N. Y., as corres- 
ponding, and Rev. William C. AYinslow, Boston ; Camillus G. Kidder, Orange, 
N.J.; Jeffrey R. Brackett, Qnincy ; Kev. William L. Chaffin, Easton ; and Still- 
man B. Pratt, Marlborough, as resident members. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of three deceased members, viz. : 
Nathaniel Thayer, of Boston, a benefactor; Major George Daniels, of Milford, 
N. H. ; and Hon. William Greene, of Warwick, K. I. 

May 2. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder in the chair. 

Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, chairman of the committee on the death of Hugh Mont- 
gomery, reported resolutions, which, after remarks by members, were adopted. 

The corresponding secretary announced important donations. 

William W. Wheildon addressed the society on the historical inaccuracy of the de- 
signs accepted for the statue of Paul Revere about to be erected in this city. The 
president stated that the board of directors had, at Mr. Wheildon's suggestion, 
ordered their secretary to remonstrate with the committee in charge of the statue. 

Rev. William C. Winslow read a paper entitled, '* What Egypt says of Israel ■ S 

and the Exodus." Remarks followed by several members, and thanks were voted 
for the paper. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters of acceptance from Waldo Ilig^in- 
8on of Boston, Hon. Horace Davis of San Francisco, Charles F. Conant of Cam- 
bridge, Edward Stearns of Lincoln, and Samuel P. May of Newton, as resident, and 
Rev. Charles Hawley, D.D., of Auburn, N. Y., Silas Bent of St. Louis, Mo., and 
Charles C. Jones, LL.D., of Augusta, Ga., as corresponding members. 

The librarian reported 454 volumes and 937 pamphlets as donations. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of three deceased members, viz. : 
Peter Cooper and Holmes Ammidown of New York, and Hugh Montgomery of 

June 6. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, the president in the chair. 

The president announced the deaths of the Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., LL.D., 
vice-president for Maine, and tiie Hon. G. Washington Warren ; and appointed 
committees to prepare resolutions. 

The corresponding secretary announced important donations. \ 

Rev. William Barrows, D.D., of Reading, read a paper on '' Webster in the Ash- 
burton Treaty and the Oregon Question.'' Remarks followed from members, and 
thanks were voted to Dr. Barrows. 

Rev. Increase N. Tar box, D.D., and the Hon, James W. Austin, chairmen of 
committees appointed for the purpose, reported resolutions on the deaths of Hon. 
Marshall Jewell, vice-president for Connecticut, and Hon. G. Washington War- 
ren, which were unanimously adopted. 

Rev. Dr. Tarbox, to whom the matter had been committed, reported resolutions 
approving the plan now before Congress, and brought to the Society's attention by " 

Dr. Franklin B. Hough, of Lowville, N. Y. ; of preparing and printing a centen- 
nial record of the Government of the United States under the direction of the na- 
tional Congress, which resolutions were adopted. 

The librarian reported as donations in May, 97 volumes and 484 pamphlets. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of eight deceased members, viz. : 
Hon. John D. Baldwin of Worcester, David P. Holton, M.D., of New York, Rev. 
Charles C. Beaman of Boston, Horatio N. Perkins of Melrose. Hon. Ginery Twich- 
ell of Brookline, Horatio S. Noyes of Newton, George Craft of Brookline, and John 
G. Tappan of Boston. 

RnoDE Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Oct. 3, 1883. — A quarterly meeting was held in the Socie- 
ty's Cabinet, Waterman Street, the president, William Gainmell, LL.D., in the 

The president, as chairman of the committee to whom the letter of Franklin B. 
Hough, M.D., LL.D., on the subject was referred, reported a resolution approving 
of the passage of the bill introduced in Congress in March last, providing for the 
printing of a centennial history of the Government of the United States, which 
resolution was adopted. 


1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 89 

Dr. Parsons read a letter of Roger Williams, which has never before been pub- 

A large number of donations was announced. 

Wednesday, Nov. 7. — A stated meeting was held, President Gammell in the chair. 

Maj. Asa Bird Gardiner, LL.D., of New York, Judge Advocate of the United 
States Army, read a paper on " The Society of the Cincinnati in France under Louis 
XVI." Remarks from members followed and thanks were voted. 

Tuesday, Nov. 27. — A stated meeting was held this evening. 
William B. Weeden read a paper on 4i Indian Money in English Civilization." 
After remarks by members, thanks were voted. 

Chicago Historical Society. 

Chicago, 111., Oct. 16, 18b3. — A quarterly meeting was held, President Arnold 
in the chair. 

The librarian reported the accession, since the meeting in September, of 160 
bound books, 262 pamphlets and unbound volumes, 99 maps, 5 flags and a large 
quantity of old newspapers. 

Hon. E. B. Washburne, in behalf of Hon. Ninian W. Edwards, of Springfield, 
111., presented a large and valuable lot of letters and other manuscripts (seven 
volume?) that belonged to his father, Gov. Ninian Edwards. 

Mr. Washburne also presented the society in behalf of Edward and Mary Coles, 
of Philadelphia, a nicely painted portrait of their father, Edward Coles, the second 
governor of Illinois. 

\V. F. Poole, LL.D., was then introduced, and read a paper on " The Ordinance 
of 1787 and Mr. Bancroft." After wtrich the society adjourned. 

Virginia Historical Society. 
Richmond, Saturday, Sept. 16, 1883.— A meeting of the Executive Committee 
was held yesterday in the Society's Rooms in the Westmoreland Club House, 
William Wirt Henry, vice-president, in the chair. 
Q A large number of letters were read from scholars and other eminent men, in 

America and England, commending the historical value and excellent typography 
of the recent publications of the society, and expressing warm appreciation of the 
generosity of Mr. Corcoran. A letter from the Hon. Charles C. Jones, Jr., of Au- 
gusta, was also read, stating that his History of Georgia, a critical and compre- 
hensive work in two volumes of more than 500 pages each, was in press. 


Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Three volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
close of the year 1850. A fourth volume is in press. 

Hon. Ginery TwicriEi.L, a life memher, constituted June 25, 1863, was born Au- 
gust 26, 1811. at Athol, Mass., and died at his residence in Brookline, Mass., July 
23, 1683, aged 72 years, 10 months and 27 days. 

The American founder of the Tvvichell family seems to have been Joseph, of Dor- 

90 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Chester, 1633. The name as given by Savage is variously spelled Twitchell, Twich- 
ell, and Twithwell. The name is now more commonly spelled as above. Twich- 
ell. His father was Francis Twitchell, of Athoi, and his mother was Sally Fish, of 
Athol. lie was the second of nine children. 

Mr. Twichell's career has been such as could hardly be possible, certainly not 
probable, under any other than the free institutions of this country. Born of a 
plain but vigorous stock, breathing in his boyhood and youth the air of the rough 
hill country of northern Massachusetts, enjoying the privileges of that common 
school education to which every New England boy and girl is entitled, he rose from 
humble employments through the rank of stage driver to become a large stage pro- 
prietor, owning and managing various lines reaching from Massachusetts into New 
Hampshire and Vermont. His experiences and successes as an express rider are also 
will remembered. 

When the railroad ajje had been fairly inaugurated, he left the kingdom of 
horses, in which he had ruled and reigned, and turned to the iron track and iron 
horse. From assistant superintendent he became superintendent and then president 
of the Boston and Worcester Railroad, already when he took it, one of the import- 
ant roads in the country ; but it was immensely enlarged and improved during the 
period of his connection with it, partly by the rapid growth of the country and part- 
ly by his wise and efficient management. During this period the Boston and Wor- 
cester and Western roads were united, making the Boston and Albany Road. His 
{jresidency ended when the two roads were united. His connection with the road 
asted, in its various forms of service, for about twenty-nine years, and was char- 
acterized, so far as he was concerned, by magnanimity, — a large and generous con- 
ception of the true interests of the road in its relations to its patrons. There was 
nothing of the mean and narrow in his composition. 

In 1666 he was chosen Member of the fortieth Congress by the third district of 
Massachusetts, and was reelected to the forty-first and forty-second, lie was not a 
talking, but a wise, working, thoroughly useful and practical member. 

Mr. Twichell was first married to MissTheolathia R. Rugbies, daughter of Captain 
Creighton R. Ruggles, of Barre, Mass. She was born April 26, 18*20. There were 
six children from this marriage, all of whom, with the mother, are dead. 

He was married a second time to Miss Burt, sister of the late post-master Burt, 
of Boston. The second wife with a daughter survive. 


Hon. John Dennison Baldwin, of Worcester, Mass.. a resident member, chosen 
April 22, 186S, was born at North Stonin<;ton. Conn., Sept. 28, 1809, and died at 
Worcester, July 8, 1883. aged 73 years, 9 months and 10 days. 

His father was Daniel 6 Baldwin, born in North Stonington, Conn., and his mother 
was Hannah Stanton, born in Groton, Conn., March 11, 1786. 

From Mr. Baldwin's own account of hi; American ancestry, on his father's side, 
we take the following items. 

Sylvester 1 Baldwin was one of the company that left England and began the set- 
tlement of New Haven, Conn., in the year 1638, but died on the passage over. He 
left two sons, Richard and John. 

John 2 Baldwin, by his second wife, had six children — four daughters and two 
sons, Sylvester and Theophilus. He removed from New Haven to North Stoning- 
ton, and there the family resided for some generations. 

Theophilus 3 Baldwin married Priscilla Mason, a granddaughter of the famous 
Capt John Mason, of Windsor, Conn., of Pequot memory, and had one daughter 
and three sons — John, Theophilus and Sylvester. 

John 4 Baldwin married Eunice Spalding, of Plainfield, Conn., and had several 
daughters and two sons, John and Ziba. 

John 5 Baldwin, son of last named, married Sarah Dennison, whose fourth son 
was named Daniel. Daniel 6 Baldwin, the father of the subject of this sketch, mar- 
ried Hannah Stanton, April 21, 1808. 

The name Baldwin, like the name Huntington, belongs specially to Connecticut. 
Harvard College, nearly two hundred and fifty years old, shows on its triennial cat- 
alogue only fourteen persons of the name Baldwin, and only eight of those are regu- 
lar graduates from the college ; while the Yale triennial, starting with its list sixty 
years later, presents between sixty and seventy students of this name, of whom fifty- 
five are regular graduates. 

Hon. John Dennison Baldwin, however, was not a graduate. He studied for the 
ministry in the Yale Theological Seminary, finishing his course in 1831. He re- 




1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 91 

ceived the honorary degree of A.M. from Yale College in 1839. He was ordained 
in West Woodstock, Conn., Sept. 3, 1834, where he preached till July 25, 1837. He 
was afterwards settled at North Bran ford. Conn., from Jan 17, 1838, to May, 1845, 
and at North Killingly (now East Putnam) from April 29, 1846, to Sept. 17, 1849. 
From 1649 to 1852 he was the editor of the Republican of Hartford. For some years 
after he was employed as editor or assistant editor in the Boston Commonwealth, the 
Telegraph, and Daily Advertiser. From 18B3 to 1809 he was a member of the 
House of Representatives at Washington. During the later years of his life he has 
resided at Worcester, Mass., and has been the editor of the Worcester Spy. 

Mr. Baldwin was united in marriage, April 3, 1832, with Miss Leimra Hatha- 
way, daughter of JEbenezer Hathaway, of Dighton. From this marriage there were 
two sons — John Stanton, born Jan. 6, 1834, and Charles Clinton, born May 4, 1835. 
They are both married, with families, or children, and are living in Worcester. 

He has, besides his editorial work, been a large writer of articles for magazines 
and quarterlies. He published in early life a book of poems, entitled " Raymond 
Hill and Other Poems," and in his later life he was the author of the work enti- 
tled, "Prehistoric Nations of Ancient America." He has also interested himself 
greatly in genealogical studies and researches. 

George Craft, a life member, chosen March 2, 1869, was born in Brookline, 
Mass , May 28, 1812, and died in the same place, July 21, 1883, aged 71 years, 1 
month and 23 days. 

His father was Caleb Craft, born in Brookline, Dec. 10, 1783, and who died there 
July 11, 1860. 

His mother was Sarah Richardson, of Needham, Mass., born April 25, 1783, and 
who died in Brookline, Nov. 27, 1861. 

His grandfather was Caleb Craft, born in Roxbury, Mass., August 21, 1741, and 
who died in Brookline, Jan. 8, 1826, aged 84. 

His grandmother was Eleanor White, daughter of Benjamin White, and was born 
in Brookline, Oct. 26, 1745. 

His great-grandfather was Dea. Ehenezer Craft, who was born in Roxbury, Mass., 
May 22, 1705, and who died there in 1791 at the age of 86. 

His great-grandmother was Susan White, daughter of Samuel White, of Brook- 
line, Mass She died Sept. 4, 1752, at the age of 39. 

His great-great-grandfather was Ehenezer Craft, whose wife's name was Eliza- 
beth. They were married Nov. 14, 1700. 

Mr. Craft 's earliest American ancestor must probably have been Griffin Craft, 
who appeared in Roxbury in 1630, and was made freeman in 1631. He seems to 
have been the only founder on these shores of the families bearing this name, which 
was early written also as Crafts and Croft. It is supposed that Griffin Craft came 
over in Gov. "Winthrop's fleet, reaching these shores in the early summer of 1630. 

Mr. Craft had such early education as the old New England school could give. 
He lived on the spot where he was born, and cultivated the lands belonging to his 
ancestors. He took great delight in the culture of flowers and trees, and this has 
been his business for many years. In the mean time he has interested himself in 
his leisure hours in studying and arranging the genealogy of his family, and though 
he has never completed the work and made it ready for publication, his collections 
have been 6uch as to aid greatly in that direction. 

He leaves behind a good record. All his business transactions have been marked 
by honesty and uprightness, ile was never married, but has lived all his life on 
the old homestead, in that part of Brookline bordering closely on West Roxbury, in 
company with his sisters. 

Hon. Charles Bingley Hall, a life member, admitted May 7, 1860, was born in 
the town of Orfbrd, N. H., June 28, LH15, and died in Chester Square, Boston, 
May 8, 1883, aged 67 years, 10 months and 10 days. 

His father was Richard Hall, of Orford, N. H., a farmer. 

His grandfather was John Hall, who came from Pelham, N. H., to Orford. 

His great-grandfather lived to great age, and died in Francestown, N. H. 

The early life of the subject of this sketch was passed in his native town of Or- 
ford. He received during his youth such education as could be obtained in the 
schools of. his own town and county. In 1834, when at the age of 19, he went to 
Haverhill, Mass., as a clerk in a store, where he remained four years. In ls33 he 
went into business by himself for the sale of West India goods. In 1841 he was 


92 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

appointed post-master of Haverhill, which office he retained eight years. In 1849 
he was chosen democratic representative to the legislature. In 1850 Gov. Briggs 
appointed him Trial Justice in Essex. In the same year he was made a director in 
the Merrimac Bank, Haverhill, and in the Haverhill Savings Bank. In 1851 he was 
made Treasurer and Receiver General of the commonwealth. In the same year he 
was made Commissioner to administer oaths and affirmations to persons appointed 
to office. In 1853 he was one of the Commissioners to divide the public lands in 
Maine. In the same year he was chosen a member of the State Convention to 
amend the constitution. In 1853 also the Charter of the National Bank of Boston 
was procured, and he was chosen cashier of the same. The capital was $750,000. 
This office in the bank occasioned his removal in 1854 from Haverhill to Boston. In 
1878 he became director and president of this same bank, in which offices he con- 
tinued till his death. 

In the year 1842. while residing in Haverhill, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Elizabeth VV. Dow, daughter of Mr. John Dow, of Haverhill. There was one 
daughter from this marriage, Ada Elizabeth, who was married, and who died last 

Mr. Hall was a mason of high order, having received the thirty-three degrees of 
the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite of Free Masonry. He was also a member of the 
Supreme Council of Grand Inspectors General of the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction 
of the United States of America. 

Hon. Moses Thompson YVillard, a life member, admitted March 16, 1863, was 
born at Bow, N. II., June 21. 1806, and died at Concord, N. H., May 30, 1883, 
aged 76 3 T ears, 11 months and 9 days. 

His father was Moses F. Willard, and his mother was Mehitable Robertson. 

He attended the common schools of his native town in his childhood, and after- 
wards received a good academical training at Pembroke Academy. He went from 
this school to the Medical Department of Dartmouth College, and was graduated 
in 1835, in a class ol twenty-nine. He chose the profession of a dentist, and took 
up his residence in Concord soon after his graduation. 

Dr. Willard was first married to Miss Mary B. Morgan, of Pembroke, with whom 
he lived many years. After her death he was united in marriage with Miss Zelda 
Morgan, of Pembroke. She also died before him, some two years ago. He had no 

Dr. \V r illard was mayor of Concord in 1859-60, and was post-master for several 
years. The Concord Daily Monitor of May 30, 1883, says of him : " He was one 
of the Old Guard of Freesoilers, an ardent supporter of John P. Hale, and when the 
Republican party came into existence he became one of its earliest and most stead- 
fast supporters, never losing faith in its principles. He was also a devoted friend of 
temperance, and for many years was connected with the Sons of Temperance organ- 
ization, filling its principal chairs. He was long identified with the educational 
interests of the city, and always felt a deep interest in public education, and what- 
ever would tend to elevate and improve people. In brief, he was a public spirited 
citizen, liberal in the way of his means, broad and charitable in his views, a kind 
Deighbor, and an honest man, who had the courage of his convictions." 

A well known citizen of Concord, in a private letter, writes thus of him : " I have 
ever considered the Doctor an honest man. I don't know that he ever did a dishon- 
est act. He was a conscientiously good dentist, and years ago, when good dentists 
in the country were lew. Concord had in him one of first class ability. He was 
honest in his calling, and despised all shams, even when covered up." 

He was also a man possessing a forcible and effective humor, which came into 
ready play on occasions, and his sayings in this line are remembered and repeated 
among the people of Concord. 

John Galltson 7 Tappan, Esq., a resident member and benefactor, chosen January 
26, 1871, was born in Bostun, Mass.* Feb. 5, 1808, and died in Brookline, Mass., 
Aug. 29, 1883. 

His father was the Hon. John 6 Tappan, of Boston, who was born in Northamp- 
ton, Mass., July 26, 1781. 

His mother was Sarah Salisbury, daughter of Samuel Salisbury and granddaugh- 
ter of Nicholas Salisbury, both of Boston. 

His earliest American ancestor on the paternal side, was Abraham 1 Toppan, 
who came from Cambridge, England, with his wife and two children, in the year 

1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 93 

1637, and settled in Newbury, where he was made freeman, October 10, that same 

A son of Abraham was Peter 2 Toppan, of Salisbury, who was born in England in 

A son of Peter was Samuel 3 Toppan, of Newbury, who was born June 5, 1670. 

A son of Samuel was Benjamin 4 Tappan, minister at Manchester, Mass., who was 
born at Newbury, Mass., February 28, 1720. He was graduated at Harvard Col- 
lege in 1742, and died in Manchester, May 6, 1760. About this time the name 
seems to have been changed, in its American use. from Toppan to Tappan. 

A son of Rev. Benjamin was Benjamin 5 Tappan, of Northampton, Mass., who 
was born in Manchester, Mass., Oct. 21, 1747, and died at Northampton, Jan. 29, 

A son of Benjamin was John 6 Tappan, of Boston, already mentioned. He (John 
Tappan) was one of eleven children, among whom were Hon. Benjamin Tappan, of 
Ohio, U. S. Senator and Judge, Arthur Tappan, of New York, first president of the 
American Anti-Slavery Society, and Lewis Tappan, of New York. 

The subject of our sketch, in his early life, attended the public schools of Boston, 
and afterwards was fitted for college at Phillips Academy, Andover. He entered 
Harvard College, where he remained only one year, and then gave himself vigor- 
ously to a mercantile life. He was for many years president of the Boston Belting 

He was united in marriage, May 8. 1839, with Miss Eliza Lawrence Trask, daugh- 
ter of Israel Trask, of Springfield, Mass. From this marriage there were six child- 
ren, four sons and two daughters. 

For the last few years of his life Mr. Tappan has lived in Brookline, Mass. Be- 
fore his removal thither his home was in Ashburton Place, Boston. 

Eliab Kingman, Esq., a corresponding member, chosen Dec. 12, 1861, was born 
in Warren, R. I., May 24, 1797, and died in Washington, D. 0., Feb. 1, 1S83. 

He was graduated in Brown University in the class of 1816, at the age of 19, hav- 
ing among his classmates such men as Benjamin Bosworth Smith, Bishop of Ken- 
tucky, and Solomon Peck. D.D., professor of Hebrew and Latin in Amherst Col- 
lege. Though born in Warren, R. I., the ancestral home of his family for several 
generations was Bridgewater, Mass. Henry Kingman, of Weymouth, was his 
first American ancestor, who was here in the very early years of the settlements in 
the Massachusetts Bay. Soon after graduation he was invited south as private tutor 
in the family of the father of Gov. Henry S. Foote, of Virginia. By this honorable as- 
sociation he was led into connection with other distinguished families of Virginia, 
and thus enjoyed rare opportunities for culture. In 1824 he went to Washington. 
He was then twenty-seven years of age, and entered at that time upon the career of 
journalism which became his life-work. At that period the profession of journal- 
ism was far less distinct and marked than at present. Mr. Kingman became one of 
the most distinguished men of his time in that department. 

He came to Boston in 1830 and purchased the New England Palladium, but not 
succeeding with it as well as he hoped, he sold it out alter a time to the Colum- 
bian Centiuel and returned to Washington. In 1841 he purchased on 14th Street a 
hmse, with quite a tract of land, where he lived through all his remaining years. 
This purchase proved a very valuable one, as he was able to sell building lots from 
it at a greatly advanced price. 

In 1835 he was united in marriage to Miss Cordelia Ball Ewell, eldest daughter of 
Dr. James Ball Ewell. She died in 1876, and in the same year Mr. Kingman met 
with an accident which seriously lamed him. 

Hon. Roger Averill, of Danbury, Conn., a life member, admitted November 20, 
1869, was born in the town of Salisbury, Litchfield County, Conn., Aug. 14, 1810, 
and died in Danbury, Dec. 9, 1883, aged 73 years, 3 mo3. and 25 ds. 

Mis father was Nathaniel Perry Averill, born in Washington, Conn., July 25, 
1770. His mother was Mary Whittlesey, born in Washington, Conn., June 13, 

His remoter ancestors, on his father's side, were — Samuel Averill, 2nd; Samuel 
Averill, born 1715 ; Isaac Averill, born about 1685. 

The boy Roger, after being educated in the common schools, and being fitted for 
college, entered Union in lb28 at the age of eighteen, and was graduated in due 
course in 1832. He then studied law in the office of the Hon. Samuel Church, 

94 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Chief Justice of Connecticut, and was admitted to the bar in 1835. He made his 
home in his native town until 1849, holding the offices of justice of the peace, town 
clerk and town treasurer. He then removed to the town of Danbury, Conn., which 
has since been his home. 

He represented both his native town and his adopted town in the General Assem- 
bly of Connecticut. He was for three years Judge of Probate in the Danbury Pro- 
bate District. 

In 1862 he was elected Lieutenant Governor of the state, and was reelected to 
the same office for the three 3 r ears following. 

The Boston Journal, in ins issue of Dec. 11, 1883, says of him : " In 1862 he was 
elected Lieutenant Governor on the Republican ticket, and most ably assisted Gov. 
Buckingham during the early part of the late war. He was reelected to the same 
position and served to 1866. He held the position of Trustee of the State Normal 
School far twelve years, and was also a member of the State Board of Education 
for three years, besides holding many other offices of trust. Mr. Averill leaves a 
widow and four children."' 

Mr. Averill was united in marriage, Oct. 16, 1844, with Miss Maria D. White, of 
Danbury. By this marriage there were four children — Arthur H., John C, Ma- 
ria W., Harriet E., all of whom are now living. His wife died Feb. 13, 1860, and 
he was married again, Sept. 18, 1861, to Mary A. Perry. His second wife survives 

Capt. Samuel Richardson Knox, U.S.N. , a resident member, admitted Nov. 9, 
1874, was born in Charlestown, Mass., Aug. 28, 1811, and died at Everett, Mass., 
Nov. 20, 1883, aged 72 years, 2 mos. and 22 days. 

His father was Robert Knox, born in Boston, Mass., Nov. 4, 1770. 

His mother was Ann Richardson, born in Boston, Nov. I, 1770. 

His earliest American ancestor was Adam Knox, who was born in the north of 
Ireland in the year 1719. He with two brothers came to this country in 1737. He 
settled in Boston, and his brothers went elsewhere, one of them to Connecticut. 
Adam Knox was married in June, 1741, to Martha King, daughter of Henry and 
Martha King. 

One of the children of this marriage was Thomas Knox, born April 18. 1742. He 
married Feb. 1, 1770, Elizabeth, daughter of Dea. Samuel Barrett. The eldest 
child of this marriage was Robert, mentioned above. 

He was educated at the common and private schools of Boston, and in 1828 enter- 
ed the naval service, being appointed thereto by Hon. Samuel L. Southard, under 
the presidency of John Quincy Adams, lie served at first on board the U. S. Frig- 
ate Constitution. From November, 1823, he served in different ships until 1833 on 
the Pacific Station. In the autumn of 1833 he sailed in the ship Europa for the 
Northwest coast, and returned in 1836. In 1838 he joined the U. S. Exploring Ex- 
pedition, and returned home in 1842. In 1843 went in the ship Plymouth to the 
Mediterranean, returning in 1845. During the Mexican war he was stationed in 
the vicinity of Vera Cruz. In 1849 he went to the Pacific in command of trie U. S, 
Steamer Massachusetts, and was employed in making a naval and military survey 
of the coasts of California and Oregon. He returned in 1845, but on the breaking 
out of the war of the Rebellion he served on the coasts of Florida and Texas, and 
also in the recruiting service. 

Capt. Knox was not married. 

William Leyerett Dickinson, A.M., a corresponding member, admitted Jan. 
15, 1848, was born at Windsor, Vt., Jan. 9, 1819, and died in Jersey City, N. J., 
Nov. 3, 1883. 

His father was Cotton Gaylord Dickinson, who was born in Northampton, Mass., 
July 11, 1786. His mother was Lucy Stone, born in Windsor, Vt., Jan. 9, 1794. 

After finishing his early education and his preparation for college, he was entered 
at the University of Vermont, and was graduated there at the early age of nineteen 
in 1838. He very soon entered upon his work as a teacher in Jersey City, begin- 
ning first as a private tutor, then as the principal of a private school, then as the 
head of one of the public schools. In the year 1870 he was chosen superintendent 
of the public schools, which office he continued to hold till near the time of his 
death. This office, for some part of the time, seems to have included within its com- 
pass the schools of the county as well as the city. A man acting for so long a peri-- 
od of time in one locality, with a constantly ascending scale of responsibility, gives 

1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 95 

abundant evidence that he is possessed of most reliable qualities of mind and 

He was united in marriage, Aug. 23, 1843, with Miss Celia.Goss, who was born 
in Winchester, N. H. Her father was Phillips Goss, who was born in Winchester, 
N. H., 1791, and her mother was Diantha Pierce, born July 24, 1797. 

From this marriage there are two children now living, viz.: William Henry, 
boru January 20, 1850, and Gordon Kimball, born Dec 14, 1855. His wife survives. 

Williams Latham, Esq., a life member, admitted March 7, 1805, was born in East 
Bridgewater, Mass., Nov. 4, 1803, and died in Bridgewater, Nov. 6, 1883, aged 80 
years and 2 days. 

His father was Galen Latham, who was born in 1775, and his mother was Susan- 
na Keith, daughter of Eieazar Keith. They were married in 1802. 

His earliest American ancestor on his lather's side was William 1 Latham, who was 
in Plymouth in 1023. In 1637 he lived in Duxbury. In 1639 he sold his homeand^ 
land to Rev. Ralph Partridge and removed to Marshfield. 

A son of William was Robert, 2 who held the office of constable in Marshfield in 
1643. He married in 1649 Susanna Winslow, daughter of John and niece ot Gov. 
Edward Wmslow. The mother of Susanna Winslow was Mary Chilton, who was the 
first woman, according to tradition, who came ashore from the Mayflower. For 
this reason a son of Robert was Chilton Latham. 

This Chilton 3 Latham married in 1699 Susanna, daughter of John Kingman, and 
had a large family. 

A son of Chilton was Charles 4 Latham, who married Susanna, daughter of Na- 
thaniel Woodward. 

A son of Charles was Woodward 5 Latham, who married, in 1763, Rebecca Dean. 

This Woodward was the father of Galen, 6 already named, and Galen was the 
father of Williams 7 Latham, the subject of this sketch. 

He was graduated at Brown University in the class of 1827, having among his 
classmates Gov. John H. Clifford, John Pratt, president of Denison University, and 
Elam Smalley, D.D. 

He settled in Bridgewater, where he opened a law office and practised law for 
more than forty years. 

The Boston Evening Journal of Nov. 7 has the following just and discriminating 
paragraph upon Mr. Latham's public services : 

" His public spirit was early manifested in a desire to adorn and beautify his town 
with shade trees, and many hundreds of these monuments to his memory are the 
pride of Bridgewater and his native town. He was for many years active in the 
interest of the Plymouth County Agricultural Society, and as a Trustee and Trea- 
surer and Secretary his services have been frequently acknowledged in its reports. 
He was one of the pioneers in the society's interest, and was foremost in securing 
and beautifying the ample grounds and hall. He was often called to places of im- 
portant trust, ever discharging his duties with signal ability and faithfulness. One 
of his numerous public benefactions was a preparation of a record of the ancient 
burial grounds of Bridgewater and yicinity, which he had printed in a handsome 
volume. He was many years a member of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
and also of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. His familiarity with 
ancient records rendered him high authority upon the early history of New Eng- 
land, and his home was a museum of interesting and valuable material that would 
enrich the archives of a historical society. His love of music identified him with 
musical circles, and his collection of church music embraced nearly all the ancient 
and modern publications of note. He was a member of the Stoughton Musical So- 
ciety, and was a frequent attendant upon its meetings. He was one of the active 
members of the First Congregational Society, and was liberal in contributions to its 
support. His broad catholic spirit was in sympathy with all true Christian denom- 
inations, and he often remarked that he would rejoice to see one church that would 
embrace all sincere believers of the Christian religion." 

Mr. Latham was married June 29, 1843, to Miss Lydia Thomas Alger, of West 
Bridgewater. She was born Sept. 15, 1818. She was the daughter of Abiezer and 
Anne (Cushing) Alger. His wife survives. There were no children. He left a 
bequest of one thousand dollars to this society, besides legacies to other institutions. 

Hon. George Washington Warren, a resident member, admitted Oct. 6. 1870, 
was born in Charlestown, Mass., Oct. 1, 1813, and died in Boston, May 13, 1883. 

96 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

His father was Isaac 6 Warren, of Charlestown, born in "Weston, Mass., July 30, 
1758, and his mother was Abigail Fiske, born in Weston, Mass., April 4, 1769. 

His earliest American ancestor was John' Warren, who came to these shores in 
1630, aged 45, and died Dec. 13, 1667. 

Daniel 2 Warren, third child of the above, was born in England in 1628, and took 
the freeman's oath in New England in 1652. 

John 3 Warren, seventh child of Daniel, was born in March, 1665, and died July 
11, 1703. 

John 4 Warren, son of the last named, was born March 15, 1634, and died in 1745. 

Elisha, 5 seventh child of John, was born April 9, 1716, and died Sept. 18, 1795. 

Isaac 6 Warren, seventh child of Elisha, was born (as above) July 30, 1758. 

The subject of this notice was therefore of the seventh generation from the Amer- 
ican founder. 

On his mother's side he was also of the seventh generation from Nathan 1 Fiske, of 
Waltham, through Nathan, 2 Nathan, 3 Nathan, 4 Jonathan 5 and Abigail. 6 

Mr. Warren was graduated at Harvard College in 1830, at the early age of sev- 
enteen, having among his classmates the Hon. Elisha R. Potter, of Rhode Island, 
and Hon. Charles Sumner. 

In 1835 he was united in marriage with Miss Lucy Rogers Newell, of Stow, 
Mass., daughter of Jonathan Newell, M.D., and Eunice Bigelow, daughter of Al- 
pheus Bigelow, of Weston. From this marriage there was one son, Lucius Henry 
Warren, born Oct. 6, 183S, who was graduated from Princeton College, N. J., in 
1860, and from the Harvard Law School in 1862. In both institutions his name 
stands upon the roll of honor for military services rendered during the War of the 
Rebellion. He lives in Philadelphia. 

Judge Warren's first wife died Sept. 4, 1810, and he married the second time 
Georgiana Thompson, daughter of Joseph and Susan (Pratt) Thompson, of Charles- 
town. By this marriage there were five children, two sons and three daughters, of 
whom two sons and a daughter, now married, with the mother, survive. 

In 1838 Judge Warren was chosen to represent the town of Charlestown in the 
State Legislature. In 1853 and 1854 he was State Senator from Middlesex County. 
From 1847-50, inclusive, he was mayor of Charlestown, these being the first four 
years O of Charlestown under a city charter. From 1847 to 1875 he was president 
of the Bunker Hill Monument Association, and from 1837 to 1847 he was secre- 
tary of the same. He is the author of the large and valuable volume giving the 
History of this Association. From 1861 to the present time, he has been Judge of 
the Municipal Court for the Charlestown District. 

Otis Drury, a resident member, admitted Feb. 9, 1874, was born in New Salem, 
Mass., Nov. 26, 1804, and died at West Bridgewater, Mass., Oct. 2, 1883, aged 78 
years, 10 months and 6 days. 

Though born in New Salem his family removed to Natick, Mass., the year of his 
birth, and there he remained till he came to Boston in 1826, where the larger part 
of his life has been passed. 

His father was Abel Drury. who was born in Framingham, Mass., in 1774, and 
as above stated fixed his residence in Natick in 1804, where he died Aug. 31, 1832. 

His mother was Nabby Broad, who was born in Natick, Mass., Feb. 14, 1784, and 
lived in that town many years after the death of her husband, dying at a very ad- 
vanced age. 

Mr. Drury's education was obtained in the common schools of Natick and at 
Leicester Academy. 

He was united in marriage, Oct. 6, 1836, with Miss Julia Ann Alger, daughter 
of Mr. Abiezer Alger, of West Bridgewater. From this marriage there were no 

Mr. Drury first appears on the Boston Directory in 1830, in the firm of Drury & 
Macomber, 95 Commercial Street, for the sale of West India goods. In 1844 he waa 
alone in business at No. 7 Commercial Wharf as a commission merchant. In 1854, 
in the same business, his office was at 99 State Street. In 1864 his place of busi- 
ness was at Gray's "Wharf, and afterwards at the R. R. Exchange. For some years 
he has had an office at 75 State Street, and has been employed in the care of the 
Alger estate belonging to bis wife's kindred. He gave up this office at the begin- 
ning of the present year. 

Through the years of his business life he has been known as a man faithful, just 
and upright in all his relations. Though he met with reverses in the earlier years 
of his active life, yet, by patient industry and wise economy, he retrieved bis for- 

1834.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 97 

tunes, and is believed to have died possessed of a handsome property. He has held 
no public offices. 

Hid earliest American ancestor was Hugh 1 Drury, who came from Sudbury. Eng- 
land about 1610, and settled in Bjston. The line from him runs as follows : John, 2 
Thomas 3 Caleb, 4 Caleb,* Caleb, 6 Abel, 7 Otis.* 

Mr. Drury's widow survives him. 

Hon. Napoleon Bonaparte Mottntfort, a corresponding member, admitted Jan. 
10, 1663, was born in Boston, Mass., Dec. 19, 1800, and died in New York city, 
Nov. 22, 1S83, aged 82 years, 11 mos. and 3 days. 

His father was Joseph 4 Mountfort, born in Boston, Feb. 5, 1750. 

His mother was Sarah Gyles, daughter of John Gyles, of Boston, born Dec. 7, 

His first American ancestor was Edmund 1 Mountfort, who came from London to 
this country in 1656, and in 1663 was united in marriage with Elizabeth Farnham, 
daughter of Deacon John Farnham. He died Aug. 14, 1690. 

A son of Edmund was John 2 Mountfort, who was born in Boston, Feb. 8, 1670, 
and was married Jan. 19, 1693. to Mary Cock, granddaughter of Nicholas Upsall. 

A son of John was Joseph 3 Mountfort, born April 12, 1713, who was married in 
1736 to Rhoda J. Lambert. 

A son of Joseph was Joseph 4 Mountfort, above mentioned. 

As a boy the subject of this sketch was educated at the Eliot School in Bennett 
Street, where for his superior scholarship he received two Franklin medals. From 
fourteen to sixteen he was assistant teacher in the same School without pay, and 
afterwards spent a year in the Salem Street Academy, where he was one of the fore- 
most scholars. 

After his school days were ended he was educated as a merchant in the store of 
Horace Draper, but circumstances occurred to change his plan of life, and he went 
to New York and entered as a law student the office of lion. Willis Hall, then At- 
torney General of the state. In one year he had so far perfected himself in legal 
studies that he was permitted to practise in the highest courts. 

He was united in marriage, Jan. 2, 1S25, with Miss Mary Trull, eldest daughter 
of Ezra Trull, of Boston. She died in New York in October. 1858, and was buried 
in the Granary cemetery, Boston. By this marriage there was a large family of 
children, of whom all but two are dead. These are William H. Mountfort, of the 
firm of Frazer, Lee & Co. of New York, and Joseph Mountfort, a merchant in Den- 
ver, Col. 

He held many offices in the city and state of New York. He was for some years 
Judge of the Police Court. For a long course of years he had a large and controll- 
ing influence in the affairs of the city of New York, which influence he used for or- 
der and good government, and not like some who have followed him, for private 
plunder and gain— a man, taken all in all, of a very strong and unique character, 
as also an able and successful lawyer. 

While living in New York he was one of the chief founders of the Calvary and 
St. Barnabas Episcopal Churches. 

He was prominent in the Order of Odd Fellows, being chosen August 4, 1852, 
Grand Patriarch for the State of New York. 

He had also a high place in the Order of Free Masons. 

Dr. George W. Bagby, a corresponding member, admitted July 19, 1860, was 
born at North View, Buckingham Co., Va., August 13, 1828, and died at Richmond, 
Va., Nov. 29, 1883, aged 55 years, 3 mos. and 16 days. 

His father was George Bagby, for many years a merchant of Lynchburg, Va.,. 
ft and his mother was Virginia Young Evans, daughter of William Evans. She was 

born in Pennsylvania, but moved with her family to Virginia in early life. 

He was fitted for college at Edge Hill School. Princeton, N. J., and entered Dela- 
ware College, Newark, "Del., in 1843, at the early age of fifteen. After spending 
two years at the college, he left to enter the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania, where he received the degree of M.D. 

He gave but little time, however, to th<; practice of medicine, but followed in his 
early manhood the strong bent of his mind, which led him into the walks of general 
literature, as also to journalism, lie became in 1853, when twenty-five years of 
age, the editor of the Lynchburg Daily Express. In 1860 he was made editor of the 



98 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

Southern Literary Messenger. He was for several years the Washington corres- 
pondent of the .New Orleans Crescent, the Charleston Mercury and the Richmond 
Dispatch. He has had connection, in one form or another, with various other south- 
ern papers and periodicals. He has been also a frequent contributor of very popu- 
lar articles to Harper's Magazine, LippincoW s Magazine, and other northern month- 
lies and periodicals. 

But he was perhaps still more widely known as a public lecturer. In this de- 
partment few men have achieved a more marked success. In his lectures he could 
be grave or sportive. Some of his humorous lectures by which he is well known, 
bear such titles as these — " Bacon and Greens, or The Native Virginian," 4i An 
Apology for Fools," " Humor and Nonsense," "The Virginia Negro, Past and 
Present." Other lectures and printed volumes, also, he gave to the public. In 
short, few men in the country have plied a more busy pen than his, and his repu- 
tation was of the best as a generous fine-hearted gentleman. 

In 1858-9, he was secretary and librarian of the Virginia Historical Society. 
From 1870, on for several years, he was assistant secretary of the Commonwealth. 

He was united in marriage, Feb. 16, 1863, with Miss Luey Parke Chamberlayne, 
daughter of Dr. Lewis W. Chain berlayne. of Richmond, Va. She is sister of the 
late John Hampden Chamberlayne. 

This marriage proved an exceedingly happy and helpful one. In all his activi- 
ties he could turn to his home for healthful sympathy and companionship. From 
this marriage there were ten children, of whom eight, four sons and four daughters, 
with the wile, survive. 

Francis Josiah Humpiiket, A.M., a life member, admitted June 20, 1863, was 
born in Boston, Mass., May 17, 1812, and died in Boston, August 9, 1883, aged 71 
years, 2 mos. and 22 days. 

His father was Benjamin Humohrey, who was born in Weymouth, Mass., Feb. 

18, 1781, and died in Boston, Jan. 28, 1857. 

His mother was Orens Turner, who was born in Scituate, Mass., August 28, 1786. 
She was the daughter of William and Eunice (Clapp) Turner. Her father was 
born in Scituate, Jan. 16, 1747, was a graduate of Harvard College in the class of 
1767, and became an officer in the army of the Revolution. 

The subject of this sketch was graduated at Harvard College in 1832, in a class of 
71 ; received the degree of LL.B. in 1836, that of A.M. in 1851. 

Favored with a sufficient fortune, he has lived a life of benevolent leisure. 

Mr. Humphrey was united in marriage, May 24, 1852. in Boston, with Miss Su- 
san R. D. Charter, daughter of Daniel Charter. She was born in Marlboro', Vt., 
about 1823, and died at Harrison Square in 1875. There were no children from 
this marriage. 

The earliest American ancestor of Mr. Humphrey was Jonas 1 Humphrey of Dor- 
chester, 1630, who came from Wendover, co. of Bucks, England. He died March 

19, 1662. 

A son of his was Jonas 2 Humphrey, of Weymouth, who was born in England in 
1600, and died Feb. 11, 1678. 

James 3 Humphrey, of Weymouth, was a son of the foregoing, who was born Sep- 
tember 16, 1665, and died August 17, 1718. 

A son of James was James* Humphrey, of Weymouth, who was born June 22, 
1711, and died May 2, 1798. 

Josiah 5 Humphrey, of Weymouth, was a son of the last-named James. He was 
born in 1748 and died in 1834. He had two wives, Mary, daughter of Benjamin 
Bicknell, and Mary Kingman. 

A son of Josiah was Benjamin 6 Humphrey, of Boston, already named, who was 
father of Francis Josiah, 7 the subject of this sketch. 

For the above ancestral details we are indebted to George Lamb, Esq. 

Edward Winslow, Esq., of Newton, Mass., a resident member, admitted May 15, 
1878, was born in Boston, Nov. 7, 1803, and died at Newton Centre, May 26, 1883, 
aged 79 years, 8 mos. and 19 days. 

His lather was Isaac Winslow, of Boston, who was born in Boston, February 2, 
1774. His mother was Margaret Blanchard, born in Boston, April 25, 1777. 

His first American ancestor was John 1 Winslow, brother of Governor Edward 
Winslow of Plymouth, who came over in the ship Fortune. A son of John waa 
Edward, 2 whose two wives were Sarah Hilton and Jane Hutchinson. Edward, 3 a 


* 1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 99 

son of the last named, had three wives, Hannah Moody, Elizabeth Pemberton and a 
Mrs. Seaver. Joshua, 4 son of Edward and Hannah, married Elizabeth Savage. 
Isaac 5 YVinslow, sou of Joshua, had two wives, Elizabeth Sparhawk and Mary Da- 
vis. Isaac, 6 son of the last-named Isaac and Mary Davis, was the father of the 
subject of this sketch, who was therefore of the seventh American generation. 

Mr. Winsiow's early education was obtained chiefly in the Boston public schools, 
ending with the Latin School. He had also separate and special instruction in 
bookkeeping and in French. 

He began his business life as cashier in a manufacturing establishment, and not 
long after went as a clerk into the house of Isaac Winslow & Co. (Martin Brim- 
mer, afterwards mayor of the city, being the partner). He afterwards went into 
business for himself in partnership with Mr. Ward, son of Judge Artemas Ward. 

He was united in marriage, Sept. 25, 1817, with Miss Elizabeth Sparhawk, ouly 
daughter of Hon. Samuel Sparhawk, of Concord, N. H., for many years State Sec- 
retary in New Hampshire. From this marriage there were no children. 

Mr. Winslow was honorably connected by his birth and by his marriage. Among 
bis own ancestral kindred was Copley the painter, father of Lord Lynd hurst. 
Among his wife's kindred were Sir William Pepperell and family. 

Mr. W r inslow was to some extent a writer, and wrote especially for the papers 
about the time of the formation of the Republican party, being associated with 
Henry Wilson, Charles Francis Adams and Charles Sumner, in furthering the aims 
of that party. 

In the latter years of his life he was general agent of the Industrial Aid Society, 
having his offiee at the Charity Building, Chardoa Street, Boston. 

Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., was made a resident member of the society, De- 
cember 8, 1864, and in January, 1865, was chosen vice-president for the state of 
Maine. He was born in Livermore, Oxford County, Me., June 6, 1813, and died in 
Philadelphia, May 12. 1883. 

His father was Israel Washburn, of Rnynham, Mass.. who in his later years lived 
in Maine. He was born in Raynham in November, 1784, and was for four years a 
member of the Massachusetts legislature. 

His mother was Martha Benjamin, daughter of Lieut. Samuel Benjamin, an ad- 
jutant in the war of the Revolution. She was born in Livermore, Me., October, 
1792, and died there in I860. 

The family springing from this married pair has proved a truly remarkable one. 
There were in all eleven children, among whom were Hon. Israel Washburn, mem- 
ber of congress and governor of Maine ; Hon. C. C. Washburn, member of congress, 
governor of Wisconsin, brigadier general and major general in the war of the re- 
)ellion; Hon. E. B. Washburn, member of congress, governor of Illinois, secretary 
of state at Washington, and minister to France; and Hon. W. D. Washburn, sur- 
veyor-general and member of congress from Minnesota. These four brothers, when 
their congressional records are added together, have probably occupied seats in the 
national House of Representatives for a longer term of years than can be shown by 
the members of" any other family of brothers in the land. If we have made the count 
correctly, their united services in this respect cover a period of forty years. 

Israel, Jr., the subject of this sketch, was educated as a boy in the common schools 
of Maine, but at the age of fourteen was placed under private instruction, where he 
remained for four years. He then studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1834 
at the age of twenty-one. He practised law in Orono, Me. He was a member of 
the Maine legislature in 1650, and the next year was chosen member of congress 
from the Bangor district. He served in congress continuously from 1851 to I860. 
In I860 he was chosen governor of Maine, and resigned his seat in congress to take 
this office. He was one of the distinguished "war governors." In 1863 he was 
appointed by President Lincoln Collector of the port at Portland, which office he 
held till 18i/. He was a popular lecturer on literary subjects, and was a promi- 
nent and active member of the Maine Historical Society, lie sustained many im- 
portant relations to local institutions in Portland as well as to more distant organi- 
zations. / 

He left his home in Portland quite recently and went to Philadelphia for medical 
treatment, where he died unexpectedly. His wife was with him during his last 

Mr. Washburn was a prominent member of the Universalist denomination, and 
was president of the Board of Trustees of Tufts College. 


100 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

David Parsons Holton, M.D., a life member, admitted June 4, 1868, was born 
in Westminster, Vt., June 13, 1812, and died in New York city, June 8, 1883, aged 
71 years, 11 mos. and 20 days. 

His father was Joel 6 Holton, born in Westminster, Vt., Oct. 5, 1769, whose wife 
was Phebe Parsons. 

His earliest American ancestor was William 1 Holton, who came to New England 
in the year 1634, in the ship Francis, and settled in Northampton, Mass. He died 
in Northampton, Aug. 12, 1691. A son of the foregoing was John 2 Holton, who 
married a woman whose christian name was Abigail, and died April 14, 1712. 
William 3 Holton, of the next generation, married Abigail Edwards, and died Nov. 
13, 1757. A son of William was John, 4 who was born Oct. 24 r 1707, and died Oct. 
25, 1793. His wife's name was Mehitable Alexander. Joel 5 Holton was a son of 
the last-named John, and was born at Northtieid, Mass., July 10, 173S. His wife 
was Bethiah Farwell. A second Joel 6 was born at Westminster, Vt., Oct. 5, 1769, 
and as already stated was the father of David Parsons Holton. 

The subject of this sketch was therefore of the seventh generation from William 
of Northampton, the American founder. 

After a good education in his childhood and youth, he passed two years, 1835 and 
'36, in the University of the City of New York, but did not remain to finish his 
course and graduate. The institution, some years later, bestowed upon him the 
honorary degree of A.M. 

After leaving college he studied in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New 
York, and was graduated there in 1839. 

In the year of his graduation he was united in marriage, May 12, 1839, to Miss 
Frances K. Forward, daughter of Mr. Pliny Forward, of Southwick, Mass. She 
was born in that town, May 5, 1815, and survives her husband. There were three 
children from this marriage, all of whom are dead. 

After marriage he practised as a physician in the city of New York until 1843. 
Then he removed to Westporc, N. Y., where he followed his profession till 1847. 
He then visited Europe for the purpose of studying physiology, which he did for 
four years in the universities of Paris and Berlin. 

After the death of his own children he labored in D3half of orphan children ; and 
especially after the breaking out of the war of the rebellion, these labors were car- 
ried on in connection with tue Institute of Reward for orphans of patriots, in which 
benevolent work he was greatly assisted by his wife. 

He has been a genealogical and antiquarian student, and has published books 
of genealogy on the Winsiow and Farwell families. 

A memorial sketch by Henry R. Stiles, M.D., is printed in New York Genea- 
logical and Biographical Record for October, 1883. 

Rev. Charles Coteswortfi Beaman, of Boston, a resident member, admitted Nov. 
9, 1875, was born in High Street, Boston, Aug. 12, 1799; died in Boston, July 4, 
1883, aged 83 years, 10 mos. and 22 days. 

His father was Ephraim Beaman, born in Lancaster, Mass., Nov. 17, 1770, and 
his mother was Rebecca Greenleaf, born in Haverhill, Mass., March 28, 1778. His 
grandfather was Joseph Beaman, born in Lancaster in 1733. His earliest Ameri- 
can ancestor on hie father's side was Gamaliel Beaman, who came to Dorchester, 
New England, in 1635, a lad of twelve years old, and after his marriage in Dor- 
chester removed to Lancaster, Mass. His earliest American ancestor on his moth- 
er's side was Edmund Greenleaf, who was born at Brixham, Devonshire, Eng. He 
married Sarah Dole, and had several children born in England, when he removed 
with his family to New England, settling first in Newbury, Mass., and afterward 
made his home in B>ston, where he died in 1671. 

His early education was in Boston in the Public School on School Street, the build- 
ing standing on the ground now occupied by the City Hall. Afterwards, at the age 
of thirteen, he was placed in a private school kept by Mr. Lawson Lyon on Federal 
Street, where he remained four years. Being then seventeen years of age, and look- 
ing forward to a life of business, he was placed in the store of Blake & McLellan on 
Long Wharf. He afterwards served as clerk in other stores until 1829, when he 
went into the auction and commission business for himself, in the Faneuil Hall 

In 1834 he gave up business to prepare himself for the ministry. He took a three 
years course at Andover Theological Seminary, graduating in 1837. He was or- 
dained at Houlton, Me., June 20, 1839, and served as Congregational minister in 

1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 101 

Houlton, Me., North Falmouth, Mass., Edsrartown Mass., Wellfleet, Mass., South- 
borough, Mass., North Scituate, R. I., Howard St. Church, Salem, Mass., and 
Westlord, Ct. This brings us to the year 1874, since which time he has resided in 
Cambridge and Boston without charge. 

He was united in marriage, July 10, 1839, with Miss Mary Ann Stacy, daughter 
of Nymphas Stacy, of Wiscasset, Me. From this marriage there were four sons, 
all living. His sons Charles C. and William S. are lawyers in New York city, and 
his sons George H. and Nathaniel P. are associated in business in the city of Boston. 
His wife died in Cambridge, Feb. 22, 1875. 

Mr. Beaman was a gentleman of fine personal appearance and exceedingly plea- 
sant address. His voice and manner were especially attractive. He read before the 
society, a few years since, a paper giving his recollections of life in Boston in the 
early years of the present century, when the choice residences of the town were 
largely in the region of the present Pearl, Federal, Congress and High Streets. He 
was about eighty years of age at the time of the reading, but his minute and grace- 
ful narrative was listened to with much pleasure. 

He has been during his long life a frequent contributor of articles, in prose and 
/ verse, to different periodicals. Among them was a series of historical sketches of 

Scituate and Foster, towns in Rhode Island, which were published in the Providence 

His son Charles C., of New York, married the daughter of Secretary Evarts, and 
was the private secretary of Hon. Charles Sumner. 

Bexjayin Osgood Peirce, A.B., of Beverly, Mass., a resident member, admitted 
Sept. 26, 1877, was born in Beverly, Mass., Sept. 26, 1812, and died in tame town, 
Nov. 12, 1883, aged 71 years, I month and 16 days. 

His father was" Benjamin Peirce, born in Paxton, Mass., Sept. 2, 1776. His moth- 
er was Rebecca Orne, born in Wenhain, Mass., Oct. 12, 1775. 
^ His earliest American ancestor was John 1 Peirce, of Watertown, whose wife was 

Elizabeth. From him the line proceeds through Robert 2 Peirce, of Woburn, whoso 
wife was Mary Knight ; Benjamin J Peirce, of Charlestown, whose wife was Han- 
nah Bowers ; Jerahmeel 4 Peirce, of Charlestown, whose wife was Rebecca Hurd ; 
Benjamin 5 Peirce, of Snlein, whose wife was Alary Wait ; and Benjamin 6 Peirce 
and Rebecca Orne, already given. He was therefore of the seventh generation from 
the early New England days. 

Mr. Peirce \s early education was obtained in the public and private schools of 
Beverly and in t\te South Reading Academy, where he was prepared for college. He 
entered Watervilie College, Me. (now Colby University), and was graduated there 
in 1835. 

He was married, June 15, 1811, to Mehetable Osgood Seccomb, daughter of Eben- 
ezer and Mary (Marston) Seccomb, of Salem. His wife was born May 3, 1821. 
* From this marriage there were three children — Emily Rebecca Osgood Peirce, 
Mary Osgood Peirce, and Benjamin Osgood Peirce. 

Mr. Peirce has performed the duties of Professor of Mathematics and Natural 
Philosophy at New Hampton Institution, N. H. ; Principal of Madison Female 
Academy, Morgan Co., Georgia; Principal of Penfield Female Seminary, in Greeno 
Co., Georgia; and Professor of Chemistry and Natural Philosophy in Mercer Uni- 
versity, Georgia. In the first named institution he served from 1835 to 1837 ; in 
the second he was employed in 1838 and 1839. After spending some seven or eight 
years mure at the south, in 1847, on account of the ill health of his wile, he remov- 
ed to the north, and has lived at Beverly and at Cambridge. His son Benjamin 
Osgood Peirce is a graduate of Harvard College in the class of 1876. 

Dr. JosiAn Atiierton Stearns, a resident member, constituted June 17, 1858, 
was born in Bedford, Mass., Sept. I, 1812, and died in Boston Highlands, Sept. 8, 
1883, aged 71 years and seven days. He was baptized the Sabbath after his birth, 
and his first name was given him in memory of his grandfather, Rev. Josiah Stearns, 
of Epping, N. H. His second baptismal n.urie was in remembrance of his father's 
college classmate and chum, Hon. Charles Humphrey Atherton, of Amherst, N. H. 

His father was Rev. Samuel Stearns, born in Epping, N. H., April 8, 1770; 
graduated at Harvard College in 1791; settled in Bedford, Mass., April 27, 1796, 
and dying in Bedford, Dec. 26, 1834. 

Uis mother was Abigail French, eldest daughter of Rev. Jonathan French, of 




102 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. ]_Jan. 

Andover, Mass. She was bora in that town, May 29, 1776. By her marriage with 
the Rev. Mr. Stearns she became the mother of thirteen children, and lived many 
years after the death of her husband. Four of her sons were graduates of Harvard 
College, viz. : William Augustus, D.D., president of Amherst College ; Jonathan 
French, D.D., for many years pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Newark, 
N. J. ; Rev. Samuel II., who died in 1837, three years alter he was chosen pastor 
of the Old South Church, Boston ; and Eben Sperry, chancellor of some institution 
of learning in Tennessee. Besides these, the subject of this sketch received the hon- 
orary degree of A.M. from Harvard College in 1854. 

There have been not far from twenty-five graduates of Harvard College of the 
name Stearns, and these have been chiefly among the remoter kindred of this Bed- 
ford family. 

Mr. Stearns's earliest American ancestor was Isaac 1 Stearns, of Watertown, who 
came over in 1630 in the fleet of Gov. Winthrop. His son John 2 Stearns was one 
of the earliest settlers of the town of Billerica, and the first child born in the town 
was John 3 Stearns. A son of the last named was John, afterward known as Lieut. 
John 4 Stearns, of Billerica. A sun of this John was Josiah, 5 born in Billerica , Jan. 
20, 1732, who was graduated at Harvard. 1751, settled in Epping, N. II., March 
8, 1758, where he died, July 25, 1788. He was the father of Rev. Samuel, 6 of Bed- 
ford, and the grandfather of Josiah Atherton 7 Stearns, the subject of this sketch. 

John Rogers Kimball, Esq., of Lexington, Mass., a life member, constituted 
Dec. 10, 1853, was born in the town of Ipswich, Mass., Aug. 23, 1816, and died at 
Lexington, Mass., Sept. 17, 1883, aged 67 years and 24 days. 

His father was Rev. David Tenney Kimball, who was born in Bradford, Mass., 
Nov. 23, 17S2, was graduated at Harvard College in 1803 ; was ordained and set- 
tled over the First Congregational Church of Ipswich, Mass., Oct. 8, 1806, where 
he continued till his dtath7Feb. 3, I860. 

His mother was Dully Varnum Coburn, daughter of Capt. Peter and MrsEHza- 
beth (Puor) Coburn, of Dracut, Mass. They were married Oct. 20, 1807. From 
this marriage there were five sons and four daughters. 

Mr. Kimball was fitted for college by his father, but developing a taste for busi- 
ness he did not enter college, but was early placed in a store in Boston, and as years 
passed on was connected as partner with the house of Austin Sumner & Co., and 
Sumner, Brewer & Co., on Milk Street, and afterwards E.O. Tufts & Co., on Frank- 
lin Street. 

He was united in marriage, May 30, 1844, with Miss Lydia Ann Coburn, daugh- 
ter of Pascal P. and Lydia (Jones) Coburn, of Dracut, and after a few years resi- 
dence in Boston and Roxbury, fixed his home in Woburn, where he remained 
many years, taking an active part in the affairs of the town and of the Congrega- 
tional Church, of which he was deacon. He represented the town of Woburn in 
the legislature during the years of the war. 

He took a very active part, by the expenditure of both time and money, in found- 
ing the Hancock Congregational Church at Lexington, Mass., which was organized 
in 1868. He aided greatly in the erection of the church edifice, which was dedicat- 
ed entirely free from debt. 

His first wife dying Feb. 20, 1867, he was again united in marriage, in 1873, 
with Miss Eliza J. Davis, of Lexington, Mass., daughter of John and Mary (Phelps) 
Davis, and with her lived several years at the west, where his two sons have their 
home. His second wife died at Lexington, April 10, lb^3. Her father was born in 
Gloucester, Oct. 15, 1791, and died in Lexington in i860. Her mother was born at 
Gloucester, Oct. 1, 1795, and is still living at Lexington. 

Mr. Kimball's line of ancestry on the paternal side dates from Richard 1 Kimball, 
of Watertown, through Benjamin, 2 Jonathan, 3 Nathaniel, 4 Daniel, 5 David Tenney. 6 

Since 1880 his home has been at Lexington. In the preparation of this notice we 
have been aided by Rev. Edward G. Porter, of Lexington, and by Mr. Kimball's 
brother, Mr. Daniel Kimball, of Woburn. We cannot better close this brief paper 
than in the just and affectionate words of this brother. He says: "My brother 
was always ready with heart and voice and hand to aid every good and benevolent 
enterprise connected with the speed of the Redeemer's kingdom. Nor did he forget 
the poor and needy, the forlorn and forsaken, >ke wretched inebriate and his suffer- 
ing family. He was a dutiful child, a loving brother, a kind husband and father, 
a warm-hearted and earnest christian.'' 

1884.] Booh Notices, 103 


The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price ui each oook, with ttie amount to be added for postage when sent by 

Truro, Cape Cod; or Landmarks and Seamarks. By Shebnah Rich, Member of 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Seventy-seven Illustrations. 
Boston : D. Lothrop and Company, 32 Franklin Street. 8vo. pp. 5S0. With List 
of Subscribers and Index. Price $5. 

That portion of the old Plymouth Colony named by Capt. Bartholomew Gosnold 
Cape Cod, and which stretches its bent arm out before Massachusetts as if in de- 
fence of the state against all aggressors from across the ocean, has always been a 
locality of much interest, not only from its having been the first landing-place of 
the Pilgrims, but from its high, distinctive character, and its quaint, antique ap- 
pearance. It has perhaps preserved more of its ancient garb than any section of 
the state, although time and the ocean have wrought many changes in the configu- 
ration of its bays and harbors. 

There is an air of breezy saltiness about the cape that is invigorating ; and the 
author in this Truro history has succeeded in imparting something of this atmos- 
pherical flavor to his book. It is certainly original, vigorous, and at times eloquent 
in style. The usual incidents pertaining to town histories are described in a forci- 
ble manner. The third and fourth chapters tell, in a very interesting way. the oft- 
told story of the Pilgrim landing. The incidents of the great shipwreck of 1S41 
are also graphically described. But the book is not without grave defects. The 
author has a way of wandering from his subject, which distracts the attention of 
the reader from the main facts of the history. There are also needless repetitions, 
such as the extract from the records relating to the laying out of a highway through 
the lands at Tashmuit, given on pages 91-2, and again presented on page 98, the 
only difference being the date, which in the first instance is given iS June 15, 1703, " 
and in the second, " June 15, 1705." There are also inaccurate statements, such 
as on page 75—" ' Reliance,' Governor Hinckley's daughter, the wife of Nathaniel 
Stone, second minister of Boston " — whereas the second minister of Boston was the 
Kev. John Cotton. Wrong dates are given in numerous cases, which may be pos- 
sibly attributed to bad printing or proof-reading. We understand that the first edi- 
tion is nearly sold, and there will be a chance for a thorough revision before another 
edition is printed, which we hope will be soon The illustrations and general typo- 
graphical appearance of the work are excellent. 

by Oliver D. Slcbbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

An Historical Catalogue of the Old South Church (Third Church), Boston. Print- 
ed for Private Distribution. 18S3. 8vo. pp. 371. 

This book is divided into three parts. First we are given a list of the Pastors, 
Deacons, Members, and the members of the baptismal covenant. The second part 
consists of an alphabetical arrangement of the two last, whereby any person ever 
connected by membership with this church can be readily found, and the third part 
consists of biographies, with notes and index, from L669 to 1719. 

The volume is prepared for the use primarily of the members of this church at the 
present day, but so rich is it in local material that no antiquarian who loves Boston 
can be without it. 

This book 'is edited by Mr. Hamilton A. Hill and Dr. George F. Bigelow, the 
committee to whom the work was entrusted. The publication of Judge Sewall's Dia- 
ry added much that was needed to the understanding of every day life in ancient 
Boston during the colonial period ; and in the third part of this book the editor has 
been greatly assisted by his diary in bringing before us incidents relating to this 
church, for this was Sewall's church, and dearly he loved it and tenderly ho wrote 
of it. We see again, as we turn over the pages of this catalogue, the faces of the 
members of two centuries ago, the warriors of King Philip's time, not in battle ar- 
ray, but at their firesides, in the house^ef God, or keeping holy time. The spirit- 
ual life of the seventeenth century comes out vividly before us, and is exemplified in 

J . 

104 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

the lives and characters of the founders of the " Old South." Again the book is full 
of suggestions, a wide field for notes and queries. There are names in it that have 
a history, which the boon of its publication may exhume. Valuable as this 
book is for the new lines of thought it oilers, and the light it throws on families 
hitherto unknown, it is, we are glad to learn, but the harbinger of a more complete 
and amplified edition, for the editor, who has shown good judgment and great re- 
search in the preparation off this volume, desires not only to receive additional in- 
formation in regard to the seventeenth, but trusts to complete the biographical por- 
tion of the book down to the close of the eighteenth century. Certainly no braver 
men or more faithful followers of Christ lived than those who in the Revolution 
fought bravely and prayed fervently for the cause of their country, and many of the 
bravest and the best of them were the descendants of those worthy Old-South men 
who had been partakers of its communion, and who fought in the wars of the 

The book reflects credit upon the Old-South people of to-day, and we trust that 
all religious societies in New England who are historic and rich, will follow their 
example, and give their members and the world the benefit in^print of the musty 
records now lying useless in the closet of the Deacon. 

By Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Esq., of Canton, Mass. 

History of the Town of Amherst, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire With 

Genealogies of Amherst Families. By Daniel F. Secomb. Concord, N. H. : Print- 
ed by Evans, Sleeper and \V r oodbury. 1883. 8vo. pp. 978. Price $4. 

This volume is a valuable addition to our rapidly extending local-history litera- 
ture. It includes a map, which might have been enlarged to advantage, of the 
town, with its early and larger boundaries, fifteen portraits and ten other illustra- 
tions, including meeting-house, town-house and soldiers' monument. The index of 
names fills 42 pages, and is well made ; and the large clear type in which it is 
printed deserves mention. This remark applies indeed to the whole volume, as its 
open and fair pages are very pleasant, and the paper is heavy and good. We should 
question, indeed, whether these advantages were not secured at some sacrifice to the 
highest convenience and value of the book. It fills 978 pages, and it is too large. 
With margins a trifle narrower, and more compactness in the make-up of paragraphs, 
especially in the genealogies, a saving of 200 pages, or 230, might have been made, 
to the greater convenience of those who handle the book. 

Amherst, at first Souhegan East, was one of the Narragansett tovvnships, and 
the author gives a good resume of the early grants to the survivors of King Philip's 
war, the processes by which they were secured and improved, and the later growth 
and changes. The style is somewhat fragmentary, but the substantial and impor- 
tant facts are interwoven with considerable skill, and the care witn which the rec- 
ords are drawn upon is very satisfactory. 

The theory that town histories should omit genealogies and emit them to the 
family historians, has not been acted upon. One half of the volume is devoted to 
them. They are very full and carefully worked out, and the time and toil which 
they have cost the author can only be appreciated by those who have done such 
work. The number of different family names occurring is unusually large, and 
there is no such proportionate prominence of one name or of a few, as is found of 
the Sanborns in Sanbornton, or of the Crosbys, Danforths, Hills, Stearns and Whit- 
ings in Billerica. 

A word should be added in recognition and commendation of the filial spirit of 
one son of the town, Hon. Edward Spalding, of Nashua, who defrayed " theexpenses 
of the compilation and publication of the work." The volume will be a noble me- 
morial of his munificence, and he deserves the thanks of the town, of her children 
scattered abroad, and of all the increasing number who are interested in our local 
genealogical history. 

By the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, of Auburndalc, Mass. 

History of the Counties of Dauphin and Lebanon in the Commomvealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, Biographical and Genealogical. By William Henry - Egle, M.D., M.A., 
Author of " History of Pennsylvania.'' Philadelphia: Everts & Peck. 1883. 
Royal 8vo. pp. 010+360. 

Dr. Egle is one of the busy historical students and writers of the country. He 
has done much for the preserving and publishing of the history of Pennsylvania, 
and for all of which he should receive much credit from the citizens of the state. 

? 1884.] Booh Notices, 105 

This volume is largely his •work. Harrisburg is the chief city of Dauphin County, 
and Lebanon County adjoins it on the east. The first named county "was in the pur- 
chase of 1749, while the latter was purchased of the Proprietors of Pennsylvania in 
1735 and prior. The Germans early came into Lebanon County, and the Scotch- 
Irish into Dauphin County, even before substantial titles were held. The strifes 
between the various " original purchasers " of different nationalities and religions 
are understanding^ portrayed. These settlers, hardy in race and earnest in con- 
tending with the forests, developed a still stronger character, and made the people 
alive to their best interests in times of war and peace. 

Dr. Egle in this work also presents those characteristics of the Pennsylvania Ger- 
man speech, which has been maligned even by learned ones w T ho should have known 
\ more of it. The author throughout shows an independent tone in his words. Those 

of central Pennsylvania find in Dr. Egle a champion ol their history, and he makes 
statements, and sustains them by documents, which will make the Quaker cham- 
pion wary in coming times. The conduct of Pennsylvania towards Gen. Braddock 
is placed in a new light, and if censure is needed is placed where it has not been. 
The first American flag hoisted upon the citadel of Mexico was by the Cameron 
Guards. The abolishing of slavery in Pennsylvania is claimed by Dr. Egle to have 
had its origin not among the Quakers of Philadelphia, but to have been due to the 
Scotch Irish and German elements of the state. 

The parts played in the various wars of the country, from that of the Revolu- 
tion to the Civil, are graphically described, while official reports are largely used, 
that ail names of the veterans may be preserved to posterity. The editor forgets 
not the " Paxtang boys" nor the "Buck shot war." The business thritt of 
to-day receives generous attention. The book is fully illustrated by engrav- 
ings of men of more or less local celebrity, and of residences and places of business 
of public-spirited citizens. This volume is a large one. It contains a vast deal 
of information, and doubtless is more carefully edited than the general run of 
those of like character. 

By the Rev. Anson Titus, of Weymouth, Mass. 

Dorothea Scott, otherwise Gotherson and Hogben % of Eg er ton House, Kent, 1611- 
16S0. A New and Enlarged Edition. By G. D. Scull, Editor of the Evelyns in 
America. Printed for Private Circulation, by Parker & Co. Oxford, 1883. 8vo. 
pp. ix.-f-21G. Illustrated. 

The first edition of this work was noticed in the Register, vol. xxxvii. p. 225. 
It contained only 28 pages. This edition contains a great deal more than its title 
implies — 1. Sketch of Dorothea Scott; 2. Sketch of Daniel Gotherson, her first hus- 
band; 3. Of John Scott, a "Jeremy Diddler " of the time of Charles II.., who 
defrauded the others out of their estate ; 4. Of Thomas Scott, her father. It contains 
also four tabular pedigrees, tracing her ancestry to Charles Martel, ob. 741, and her 
descendants to the author, who has inscribed an affectionate sonnet to her memory. 

lie has also reprinted her " Call to Repentance, &c," from what is supposed to 
be an unique Copy in possession of the Society of Friends at Devonshire House, 
London, printed in 10G0 ; with copious extracts from a similar work written by her 
husband, published in the same year ; besides a treatise on Knighthood and kin- 
dred subjects, written by her father in 1628, and addressed to the Earl Marshall of 

The writings of thepe different persons mark the distinct characteristics of each. 
Her father, descended from the most distinguished aristocracy of the realm, 
looked with disgust upon the cheap knighthood "created by the Stuart kings, and 
the esquires, sons of hod-carriers or of pot-house politicians. His prose is as pointed 
and as terse as Peter Pindar's poetic allusions to the same kind of creations at a 
| later period. The pride of Scott's own birth, which furnishes many illustrations 

of the class which he thinks should be honored, is in striking contrast with the 
modesty of his daughter Dorothea, as shown in her Call to Repentance; still she 
has the fearlessness which comes as an inheritance of her blood. 

" England, England, art thou so wise The contrary a dirty puddle 

In thy own deceitful eyes ? . . . A sink, a splash, that doth bemuddle 

Why sure there is a christal stream, And sink thee down into the mire, 

A fountain pure, a river clean ; Which is thy place till thou choose higher. 

What hinders thee in it to go 

The cause is in thee yet I trow For shouldst thou stand still in this state 

And thou art in it still I know. Thy mischief would come on thy own pate." 

106 Book Notices. [Jan. 

It must be remembered that she wrote in the lascivious times of Charles II., and 
one of the non-conformist divines brought her name into his books for disobeying 
the bible in not allowing her male visitors to kiss her ; and the sly Sam. Pepys was 
brought into business relations with her. We know from his diary how much he 
liked to indulge in that kind of holiness. 

The husband of Dorothea was not a " level-headed man." Unfortunate in busi- 
ness ; deluded out of his wife's fortune by John Scott ; afterward an officer in Crom- 
well's army, and finally an eaves-dropper and tell-tale for the royalists, he was an 
unworthy husband of a most worthy woman. She settled upon Long Island, and 
was a highly respected teacher in the Society of Friends. She has many descend- 
ants in the United States. 

Mr. Scull's tastes and instincts are thoroughly historic. The different phases of 
life and thought which he has gathered in this book illustrate so well the crumbling 
of the aristocracy of the previous age, the vacillating course of the men of the time, 
and the development of purer religion by the shame at the vileness of the times felt 
by such women a? Dorothea (Scott) Gotherson, that this book should be published 
(instead of privately printed) , and placed in every public library in the United 

By John Coffin Jones Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

Groton during the Indian Wars. By Samuel A. Green, M.D. Groton, Mass. 
1883. 8vo. pp.214. Price $2.50. 

The towns are fortunate that have among their sons one so loyal and at the same 
time so able, to chronicle their history. In many respects this work of Dr. Green's 
is unique. It relates in a complete and clear manner the most important and in- 
teresting affairs of the town's annals, such matters as in the ordinary town histories 
are crowded into a few pages without authority or explanation. 

The author begins with the earliest settlement of the town, and gives a succinct 
account of the relations of the settlers to the Indians, thus leading up to " King 
Philip's war." Many original documents are here reproduced from the archives of 
the state and other records, both from public and private sources. Many are given 
complete, others in abstracts, but all showing the patience and fidelity of the writer 
in preserving the quaint phraseology and spelling of the original papers. 

The connection of events is kept up in the intervals of peace with the Indians, so 
that we do not lose sight of individuals, but are able to keep the relations of men 
and things along with the story, the growth in population and resources, better 
knowledge of Indian warfare and improved means of defence against them, the 
gradual outpushing energy of the new generations advancing the frontiers, the van- 
ishing of the Indians farther into the forests ; all these matters are kept along 
through the six Indian wars recurring at intervals from 1675 to 1763. Many valu- 
able lists of names, both of settlers and soldiers, are given, sources of authority 
carefully quoted, explanations briefly but clearly put. The zeal of the historian, 
the good judgment and pure style of the editor, the art of the printers, have com- 
bined to make this one of the most valuable, and at the same time most readable, of 
works on this subject of our Indian wars. A full index of names and subjects makes 
the volume easily available and helpful to students of history, and it becomes at 
once an important addition to the working library, a pleasing and instructive vol- 
ume in any library. 

By the Rev. G. M. Bodge, Dorchester, Mass. 

Recollections of a Naval Officer, 1841 — 1865. Bv Capt. William Harwar Parker, 
Author of " Elements of Seamanship," '* Harbor Routine and Evolutions," 
" Naval Tactics," ''Naval Light Artillery— Afbat and Ashore," " Remarks on 
the Navigation of the Coasts between San Francisco and Panama," " The Great- 
est Friend of Truth is Time : her Greatest Enemy is Prejudice." New York : 
Charles Scribner's Sons : 1883. pp.372. Price $1.50. 

The story of the seaman has a peculiar narrative. It is different from those in 
other walks of life. Their duties and dangers are such as others know not of. The 
title of this book tells its character. It is one of interest, and once begun is hard 
to lay down. We may not coincide with certain opinions dropped here and there, 
but the story of the navy in the war with Mexico, and as it was before the civil 
strife, is well told ; and the service of the author in the navy of the Confederacy, 
and his writing out of personal knowledge, throws light upon places of history, and 

f 1884.] Booh Notices. 107 

will aid doubtless to clarify our judgment of events wrought in the heat of civil 
war. Capt. Porter saw much of naval service between 1841 and 1865, and being 
one having authority upon naval subjects, this book, as have his others, will attract 
attention from students of military and naval science. 
By the Rev. Anson Titus, of Weymouth, Mass. 

Instruction Primaire en Languedoc, avant 1789. Toulouse : 1883. 12mo. pp. 27. 
College de Maguelonne. Par M. Saint-Charles. Toulouse: 1883. 8vo. pp.19. 

These two brochures are from the pen of M. Leon St. Charles, of Toulouse, 

The first is an interesting collection of facts upon the education of children in 
11 la lecture, l'ecriture, le calcul et la grammaire," in the south of France during 
the middle ages. It is of especial value to the student of pedagogy. 

The second is a brief history of a college which existed as a subordinate of the 
great University of Toulouse for five centuries, or from A.D. 1277 to 1767. It is a 
valuable paper on the history of such semi-monastic educational institutions. 
. M. Leon St. Charles, the author of these pamphlets, is a native of Toulouse, and 

a member, in the department ot letters, of the Academy of Science, Inscriptions and 
Belles Lettres, of that city; a society established in 1620, erected into a Royal 
Academy under Louis XIV. in 1746, suppressed by the events of 1793, and resusci- 
tated in 1807. It has a resident membership of forty, and a considerable number 
of correspondents in Fiance and abroad. It publishes " Memoires." 

M. St. Charles has distinguished himself by his researches in the Archives of the 
Civil Hospitals of Toulouse, the manuscripts of which, running back to the thir- 
teenth century, and written in Latin, Provengal and French, he has classified and 
inventoried with great pains and diligence. Besides this great labor, M. St. Charles 
has compiled much relating to the history of the streets of his native city, its public 
institutions, and, above all, its University and School of Medicine, which at one 
v^ time had high celebrity. *** 

Index to American Poetry and Plays in the Collection of C Fiske Harris. Provi- 
dence : Printed for Private Distribution. 1874. 18mo. pp. 171. 

Catalogue of American Poetry, comprising Duplicates from the Collection of the late 
C. Fiske Harris, of Providence, R. 1. For *ale by William T. Tibbitts, No. 64 
"Westminster Street, Providence. 1883. Sq. 16mo. pp. 83. 

The late Caleb Fiske Harris, A.M., of Providence, of whom a sketch is printed 
in the Register, xxxvi. 336, collected a rare and valuable library, described in Rog- 
ers's Private Libraries of Providence," pp. 179-202. At his death it is said to 
have numbered nearly ten thousand volumes. One of his specialties, and probably 
the principal one, was American Poetry, of which he had the largest collection ever 
made. In 1874 he had 4129 titles, which appear in the "Index " compiled and 
^ printed by him in that year. He continued collecting seven years longer, till Oct. 

2, 1881, when he and his wife met with a sad death by drowning on Moosehead 

We are glad to learn that, though other portions of his library have been scattered 
by auction, his library of American Poetry remains intact, having been purchased by 
the Hon. Henry B. Anthony, United States Senator from Rhode Island, who we think 
had previously a fine collection, 'i he duplicates are offered for sale by xMr. Tibbitts. 
We hope that Senator Anthony will take precautions to ensure that at his death the 
library will be kept together. 

A Brief Sketch of the Life of William Green, LL D., Jurist and Scholar, with 
some Personal Reminiscences of him. By Philip Slaughter, D.D., Historiog- 
rapher of the P. E. Church, Diocese of Virginia. Also a Historical Tract by 
Judge Green, and some Curious Letters upon the Origin of the Proverb " Vox 
Populi, Vox Dei." Richmond : 1883. 8vo. Cloth, price, $1.25. Address Rev. 
Philip Slaughter, D.D., Mitchell's Station, Va. 

The learned author of this graceful and touching tribute enjoys a wide popularity 
through his numerous graphic and delightful contributions to local, church and 
family history, as well as by his glowing eloquence as a pulpit orator. 

A relative and early associate, and through life an intimate friend of the distin- 
guished subject of the memorial, he has, as might have been justly expected, feli- 
citously acquitted himself of his loving office. Disclaiming " ambitious preten- 

108 Book Notices. [Jan. 

sions " as a biographer, he yet presents a comprehensive and well rounded view of 
the usefully occupied life of a remarkable man, who was one of the most learned 
jurists of this age certainly, and it has been asserted, of any " time or clime." 

Not only is the descent of William Green carefully traced from eminent English 
ancestors, and his mental traits and personal characteristics faithfully portrayed, 
but through the " confidence of private friendship " enjoyed by Dr. Slaughter with 
thedeceassd, " glimpses into the inner life •••• of this many-sided, complex and 
incongruous being " are given. 

Dr. Green was not only profound in the classics, and indeed " at home " in the 
wide realm of literature, but was intimately and curiously erudite in history, and 
singularly so in that of his native state. His memory was quite as prodigious as 
that of Magliabecchi the famous Florentine, and his conversation was a quaint out- 
pouring and marvellously curious mosaic of the whole arena of learning and 

A valuable example of his research and mode of expression is afforded in the 
11 Historical Tract " by him on " The Genesis of Certain Counties in Virginia from 
Cities or Towns of the same name." 

It will be found importantly suggestive. Notwithstanding the limited pages of 
Dr. Slaughter's " sketch," it yet contains attractive pabulum for the student, the 
moral philosopher and for the public. 

By R. A. Brock, Esq., of Richmond, Va. 

Ancient Egypt in the Light of Modern Discoveries. By Prof. H. S. Osborx, LL.D. 
Cincinnati, Ohio: Kobert Clarke & Co., Publishers. 1883. 12mo. pp. 232. Price 

The author says in his preface, " Our main object is to present the whole subject 
in its general historical unity, and in so popular and comprehensive a manner, that 
any reader may find an interest in the discoveries and the records of that wonderful 
Nation and Empire of Ancient Egypt," and he has carried out his plan in a most 
admifable manner, for every page is replete with valuable information. The third 
and fourth chapters treat of Egyptian chronology, and of the various theories 
and speculations employed in the hope of establishing a definite measurement of 
time from the first dynasty to the christian era. One scientist believes it to be 
5004 years, another only 2700 years, and there is much doubt as to the duration 
of dynasties, and whether they were all consecutive or some of them contemporan- 
eous. The fifth, tenth, eleventh and twelfth chapters are exceedingly interesting, 
the two former treating of events contemporaneous with Moses and the Exodus. 

The ancient Egyptians were, according to Prof. Osborn, a distinct race from the 
other Africans, and were the first of all nations " to cut history into stone or write 
it upon papyrus." 

A valuable map of Egypt is contained in the book, and gives a clear idea, of the 
location of the ancient monuments, and of ancient places bearing old or new names, 
these being distinguished by different type. It will be noticed that Egypt is prac- 
tically limited to the Valley of the Nile, a strip of territory 550 miles north and 
south, and only about 12 miles in width. 

In this small volume the hieroglyphics, religions, arts, monuments, history, and 
to some extent the habits and customs of that land, so prominent in the world's 
history from the dawn of civilization to the declining period of the Roman Empire, 
is portrayed in a pleasing style. 

by George K. Clarke, Esq., of Need ham. 

The Genealogist. Edited by George W. Marshall, LL.D., Fellow of the Society of 
Antiquaries. Vol. VII. London : George Bell and Sons, York Street, Covent 
Garden. 1883. 8vo. pp. vii.-f-3l2. Price, bound, 12s. ; in numbers, 10s. 

The Genealogist, published quarterly in London, closed its seventh volume with 
the October number, and the editorship of George W. Marshall, LL.D., its founder, 
then ceased. 

Dr. Marshall's principal wish has been to furnish reproductions of hitherto un- 
published material, and these he gives with a simplicity and accuracy equalling an 
original document ; he has no weakness for overloading with notes, and has always 
spoken freely against the style of those editors whose main ideas have been a second- 
hand compilation of already printed material, or who debased the profession of 
genealogist by catering to family vanity in publishing pedigrees of fabulous ances- 
try. The false pride of some New England families in attaching to fabulous ances- 
try has been exposed, and we already see a rising generation of genealogists here 

1883.] Booh Notices. 109 

who have been guided by Dr. Marshall to seek the truth in preference to the 


We regret that Dr. Marshall can no longer spare time for its editorial care. It 
is, however, well established, and will continue to obtain from its contributors most; 
valuable material, as in the past. In the last volume we noticed the names of an- 
cestors of American families in the Marriage Licenses at Worcester, and the repro- 
duction of Parish Registers, Visitations and Family Sketches, are constantly bring- 
in"- in material of use in this country, the search for which is thus obviated. 

The annual subscription price is ouly 10s. for 364 pages, of which 32 pages in 
each future number will be devoted to " A New Peerage,'* embracing the whole 
British Isles, and will be separately paged from the body of the magazine. It will 
contain also the extinct and dormant peerages. Such a work is much needed, as 
Burke's new edition (so called) has been revised to a most trifling extent, the very 
type of the old edition, errors included, having been left unmolested. (See p. 265, 
vol. vii. Genealogist.) 

By John CoJJin Jones Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

Magazine of American History. Illustrated. Edited by Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. New 
York : 30 Lafayette Place, January, 18S4. Sm. 4to. Published monthly in 
numbers of 88 pages each. Price $5 a year, or 50 cts. a number. 

The Magazine of American History has just closed its tenth volume and fifth year, 
and the initial number of the sixth volume is before us. It has ceased to be an 
experiment and become a necessity among the students of the history of early Amer- 
ican days. The magazine, since its commencement, has been ably edited, and each 
of its volumes bears testimony to care, research and painstaking. During the last 
year there has been a change in the editorship. The Rev. Dr. B. F. De Costa, for 
the past year or two and until the May number of 1663, was its chief editor, and 
since then the present editor, Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, has had charge of it. Each 
of the numbers has been full of papers upon subjects of national and local interest, 
and not these alone, but papers of import to historical students in other countries. 
None of the monthly parts are to be despised in Americana lore ; but we venture 
a mention of articles of large worth printed in it in 1863. " Where are the Re- 
mains of Christopher Columbus?" " The Founding of Georgia ;" " The Scotch- 
Irish in America;*' " The Baron de Castine " (though on page 371 Fort Royal it* 
mentioned as being in the present Portland, Maine. It should be Fort Loyal ; Fort 
Royal was in Acadia) ;" " Clayborne the Rebel." by J. Esten Cooke, the well known 
Virginia author ; " The Centennial of the Cincinnati ;" " The Last Cantonment 
of the Main Army of the Revolution." The editor, Mrs. Lamb, also contributes 
articles of high value — upon the " Wall Street in History," in which is much 
data concerning those times of great financial movements, and of the prominent 
actors in them. Attention during the year has been specially drawn to Washing- 
ton, Columbus, the early voyages to the American waters, and the Franklin Papers. 

The leading article in the number for January, ISS4, is on " The Van Rensselaer 
Mansion," by the editor, illustrated with a portrait of Gen. Stephen Rensselaer. 
There are other articles on " The Beginning of the New England Society of New 
York;" " The Poll Tax in Maryland ;" ** History of the Location of the National 
Capital ;" also a number of original documents, and a variety of Notes and Que- 
ries, reports of the proceedings of historical societies, and book notices. 

The magazine is well and finely illustrated, and with deserved maintenance will 
be a repository which no student can afford to overlook. 

By the Rev. Anson Titus, oj' Weymouth. 

The Registers of the Parish Church of Calverlei/ in the West Riding of the Coiinty of 
York, with a Description of /he Church and a Sketch of its History. By Samuel 
Margekisos. Vol. II. Bradford: G. F. Sewcll, Printer, Dailey Street. 1663. 
12wo. pp. \iii.-f-254. Priee 4s., including postage 4s. 4d. 

The first volume of this work containing the entries in the Registers of the Cal- 
verley church from 1574 to 1050. was published in 1660. It contained entries in- 
teresting to the Wales (Reg. xxxv. 72) and other New England families. 

The second volume, whose title we give above, continues the entries from 1050 to 
1G80. It contains a description of the church and a sketch of its history, an appen- 
dix of 37 pages of interesting matter and a full index of surnames. The readers of 
the Register will feel most interest in the •' Notes on the Ancestry of Longfellow," 
which fill 11 pages of the Appendix. We knew from the letter of Judge Suinuel 
VOL. XiXVlII. 11 


110 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Sewall, December 24. 1680, printed in the Register, xxlv. 123, that the father of 
William Longfellow, the emigrant ancestor of the poet Longfellow, was named Wil- 
liam, and that in 1680 he resided at Horsforth, Yorkshire, England. Mr. Margeri- 
son's researches make it probable that the emigrant was William, son of Wiliiaui 
Longfellow, baptiz3d at Guiseley. Oct. 20, 1650. and that he was the fifth in descent 
from Percival 1 Longfellow, of Bagley, Parish of Calverley, through Thomas,- Ed- 
ward 3 and William. 4 A tabular pedigree in the book gives the details of this 
descent, which though it is not pretended that it is proved, is extremely probable 
from the evidence in the case. .Mr. Margerison gives extracts from registers of 
parishes in the vicinity of Calverley, abstracts of wills and other genealogical mat- 
ter, relating to the name of Longfellow under its various spellings. Other entries 
of interest to American families will be found in this volume. 

The two volumes now published can be had of Mr. Margerison, the editor, Cal- 
verley, near Leeds, England, price 4 shillings a volume, to which 4 pence for post- 
age should be added. A third volume is in press which will contain the Registers 
of Calverley from 1631 to 1720. Price to subscribers, 3s.; to non-subscribers, 4s. 

A Book of New England Legend* and Folk Lore, in Prose and Poetry. By Samuel 
Adams Drake, author of " Nooks and Corners of the New England Coast," 
" Old Landmarks of Boston," etc. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1884. Sm. 4to. 
pp. xviii.-f-461. Price, Cloth, $3.50 ; Cloth gilt, $4. 

Mr. Drake has done a good service in gathering up the legends, romantic inci- 
dents and folk lore current among a people who have the reputation of being very 
matter of fact and prosaic, with little romance in their composition. Many of his 
readers will be surprised that he has been able to fill-so large a book. It was no 
easy task that he undertook and has accomplished, to gather the legends among us, 
and to separate the false from the true. 

" The recovery," he tells us in his preface, " of many legendary waifs that not 
only have a really important bearing upon the early history of our country, but that 
also shed much light upon trie spirit of its ancient laws and upon the domestic lives 
of its people, has seemed to me a laudable undertaking. This purpose has now 
taken form in this collection of New England legends. 

" As in a majority of instances these tales go far beyond the time when the inte- 
rior was settled, they naturally cluster about the seaboard; and it would scarcely 
be overstepping the limit separating exaggeration from truth to say that every league 
of the New England coast has its story or its legend." 

The incidents in this book extend from the settlement of the country to the pre- 
sent century, from William Blackstone and Anne Hutchinson to Moll Pitcher and 
Flood Ireson, and they are presented in the author's usual attractive style. 

The book is profusely illustrated by F. T. Merrill, the engraviugs being of a high 
order of merit. It is handsomely printed and bound. 

Outing and the Wheelman. Illustrated. Vol. III. No. 4. January, 1884. Boston, 
Mass. : The Wheelman Co., 175 Tremont Street. Royal 8vo. Published month- 
ly, 72 pages to a number. Price 6'2 a year, or 20 cts. a number. 

The Wheelman has before been noticed in these pages. It was commenced in this 
city, Oct. 1882, as "an illustrated magazine of Cycling Literature and News." 
Five months previous, in May, 1882, Outing was beguu at Albany, N. Y., as *' a 
magazine devoted to the literature of pleasure travel, outdoor sports and the general 
field of recreation." Both magazines were ably edited and obtained the approval 
of the public. The proprietors of the Wheelman having determined "to broaden 
its scope and cover the general field of recreation in its literary and art contribu- 
tion," purchased the subscription list of Outing, and now issue a consolidated mag- 
azine, the first number of which is before us. It contains accounts of travels, tales, 
poetry and other articles of particular interest to the class of readers for which it 
is intended. Its platform embraces 4i all recreations that tend to develop manliness 
and womanliness, and make people stronger, brighter, more vigorous, better and 
happier." Its literary character and its illustrations are deserving of praise. 

Vick^s Floral Guide. Rochester, N. Y., 1884. 8vo. pp. 134. Price 10 cents. 

The Floral Guide for this year is fully equal in every respect to its predecessors. 
There are three elegant colored plates of flowers and vegetables, and more than one 
thousand other illustrations. " It is handsome enough for the centre table or for a 
holiday present. 



Booh Notices. Ill 

The Papers and Biography of Lion Gardiner, 1509-1663. With an Appendix. 
Edited by Curtiss C. Gardlner. St. Louis : Printed for tbe Editor. 1S33. 
4to. pp. 106. Price $3. 

The name of Lion Gardiner is familiar to most historical students as that of one 
of the pioneers of New England and first proprietor of Girdiner's Island in Long 
I-land Sound, which island is chiefly noted for its having continued in one family 
since 1630, passing from father to son by entail male. The work of Capt. Gardi- 
ner is a valuable contribution to the general history of New England, as well as an 
interesting sketch of his worthy ancestor, containing in the second and third chap- 
ters reprints from the Massachusetts Historical Sjciety's Collections of a '" Rela- 
tion " by Gardiner himself of his experience in the Pequot wars, of his letters to 
John "Winthrop, Jr., governor of Connecticut, during the same period, and in the 
biographical chapter, and the Appendix, much additional matter relating to the 
same wars and to Gardiner's Island. 

Nothing is known of the ancestry of Lion Gardiner, although a record copied from 
an ancient Genevan bible gives quite a full account of his emigration from Hol- 
land, and of his wife's kindred there. 

He was a native of England and went to Holland as a lieutenant in an English 
regiment, England then being an ally of Holland, during the reign of Charles First. 

In 1635 Gardiner states that he was " au engineer and master of works of fortifi- 
cation in the legers of the Prince of Orange in the Low Countries," aud was in- 
duced b} r some eminent Puritans to go to New England, setting sail July 10, 1635. 
He went first to Boston to complete the fortifications on Fort Hill, and about the 
same time was sent to Salem to ascertain if it was an object to fortify that settle- 
ment, but reported that the people were in more danger of starvation than of any 
*• foreign potent enemy." He is spoken of by Winthrop as " an expert engineer." 

In March, 1636, he was sent to Connecticut to fortify certain places there, and 
was commander of the fort atSaybrooke, takingan active part in the struggles with 
the Indians. 

May 3, 1639, he purchased Gardiner's Island of the Indians, then called the Isle 
of Wight, and the next May he obtained a graut of the same from the Earl of Ster- 
ling, grantee of the King of England. 

The book contains a map showing the location of the island, a list of the proprie- 
tors, a brief genealogy of the author, and a chapter on the Gardiner Arms. 

Capt. Gardiner the editor ha>> presented his subject in an attractive form, and the 
work is printed and bound in the best manner. 

By George K. Clarke, Esq., Meedham, Mass. 

Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica. Edited by Joseph Jackson Howard, LL.D., 
F.S.A. New Series. Vol. IV r . No. 72. December, 1883. Hamilton, Adams 
& Co., Paternoster Row, London. 8vo. Published monthly, each number con- 
taining 16 pages. Price 6d. a number. 

The December number of this valuable periodical completes the Second or New 
Series. The work was commenced in July. 1866. as a quarterly magazine, and two 
volumes were issued in that form. In April, 1870. the New or Monthly Series was 
begun. Four volumes of this series have been published. They are filled with mat- 
ter interesting to the genealogist and antiquary. 

♦\ ith the January number a third series will be commenced. The number of 
pages will be increased, with an advertising sheet and a colored wrapper : and the 
price will be raised to 10s. 6d. per annum," Is. a number, post free. *' It has been 
arranged that a collection of Notes by the editor and the late Col. Chester, includ- 
ing an important series of Will Abstracts by Mr. Eedes, illustrating the Heraldic 
Visitation of London, 1633. will be printed in the Miscellanea. These Notes will 
be enriched with fac-simile wood-cuts of Arms, Seals and Autographs." 

The first series of this work is out of print; but the second series of four vol- 
umes can still be furnished by Mitchell & Hughes, 110 VV ardour Street, London, 
W . England. Price for the set £1 Us. 6d., and for a single volume £ I 5s. 

A Copy of the Old Epitaphs in the Burying Ground of Block Island, R. 1. By 
Edw. Doubleday Harris. Cambridge: Press of John Wilson and Son. 1683. 
12mo. pp. 66. Edition of 100 copies. 

This elegant book shows that Mr. Harris knows how to prepare and bring out a 
work of this kind. His taste and judgment are conspicuous in every part of the 

112 Book Notices. [Jan. 

Tolume. Not only do the inscriptions represent those on the stone, even to the con- 
nected letters, but the kind of stone used is given. There are brief genealogical 
notes which add to its value. The index is a good one. 

Genealogists have before been indebted to Mr. Harris and his lamented brother. 
the late William Thaddeus Harris, LL.B., for their care in preserving the inscrip- 
tions on the gravestones in the graveyards of Cambridge and Watertown, and we 
trust this is not the last contribution of the kind from him that we are to receive. 

The Musical Record. A Journal of Music, Art. Literature. Edited by Dexter 
Smith. Boston : Oliver Ditson & Co. November and December, 1833, and Jan- 
uary, 188-1. Published monthly, 32 pages royal 4to. each number. Price $1 a 
year or 10 cts. a number. 

The reputation which this periodical has attained as a musical and literary maga- 
zine is well maintained. .Mr. Smith shows his ability to make an interesting and 
valuable miscellany for the musical world. The Record contains essays on musical 
subjects, the experience of inutic teachers, discussion of musical topics, notes and 
queries on music, choice poetry, criticism, reviews and items of musical news, 
movements of artists, and other matters. We commend the work to our readers. 

Samuel Davis, of Oxford, Mass., and Joseph Davis, of Dudley, Mass., and their 
Descendants. North Andover, Mass. : George L. Davis, Compiler and Publisher. 
1884. Cloth. 8vo. pp.610. 

The Descendants of William and Elizabeth Tut tie. who came from Old to New Eng- 
land in 1635, and settled in New Haven in 1639, with numerous Biographical 
Notes and Sketches. By George Frederick Tuttle. Printed and Published by 
Tuttle & Company, Official State Printers, Rutland, Vt. 1883. Cloth. 8vo. pp. 

The halls of New England, Genealogicdl and Biographical. By Rev. David B. 
Hall, of Duanesburgh, N. Y. Albany: Printed for the Author by Joel Mun- 
sell's Sons, 82 State Street. 18S3. Cloth. 8vo. pp. x.-f-735-|-55. Price $5. 

Gencahgy of the Page Family in Virginia ; also a Condensed Account of the Nelson , 
Walker, Pendleton and Randolph Families. With References to other Distin- 
guished Families in Virginia. By One of the Family. New York : Jenkins & 
Thomas, Printers, 8 Spruce Street. 1883. Cloth. Royal 8vo. pp. 250. 

The History and Genealogy of the Prentice or Prentiss Family of New England, etc., 
from 1631 to 18S3. By C. J. P. Binney. Second Edition. Boston: Published 
by the Editor. 1683. Cloth. 8vo. pp. iv. -j-446. 

Records of William Spooner of Plymouth, Mass., and his Descendants. Vol. I. By 
Thomas Spooner. Cincinnati. 1883. 8vo. pp. 694. Price §5. 

Thwing : a Genealogical, Biographical and Historical Account of the Family. By 
Walter Eliot Thwing. Boston: David Clapp & Son, Printers. 1883. Cloth. 
8vo. pp. 214. 

The Genealogy and Biography of the Waldos of America from 1650 to 1883. Com- 
piled by Joseph D. Hall, Jr. Danieisonville, Conn. : Press of Scofieid & Hamil- 
ton. 1883. Cloth. Large 12mo. pp. 127-f-xviii. 

The Harris Family. Thomas Harris, of Ipswich, Mass., in 1636 ; and Some of his 
Descendants through Seven Generations to 1883. By William Samuel Harris. 
Printed for the Author by Barker & Bean, Nashua, N. H. 1883. Cloth. 8vo. 
pp. vi. -4-135. Sent post-paid for $2 a copy by the author, W. S. Harris, Wind- 
ham, N. H. 

The Humphreys Family in America. By Frederick: Humphreys, M.D., assisted by 
Otis M. Humphreys, M.D., Henry R., M.D.,and Mrs. Sarah M. Church- 
ill. New Y r ork : Humphreys Print. 1883. Paper. Royal 4to. pp. 114 (from 
p. 91 to 204). Price $2 for a single number, or §10 for the complete work. 

Josiah Hornblower and the First Steam Engine in America, with Some Notices of the 
Schuyler Copper Mines at Second River, N. J., and a Genealogy of the Hornblow- 
er Family. By William Nelson, recording Secretary of the New Jersey Histor- 
ical Society. Newark, N. J.: Daily Advertiser Printing House. 1883. Paper. 
8vo. pp. 80. Sold by E. W. Nash, 80 Nassau Street, New York. 

Pollock Genealogy . A Biographical Sketch of Oliver Pollock. Esq., of Carlisle, Penn- 
sylvania, United States Commercial Agent at New Orleans and Havana, 1776- 

1384.] Book Notices. 113 

ITS 4. With Genealogical Notes of his Descendants, And Genealogical Sketches 
of other Pollock Families settled in Pennsylvania. By the Rev. Horace Edwin 
Haydex, Ilarrisburg, Pa. : Lane S. Hart, Printer and Binder. 1883. Paper. 
8vo. pp. 59. Price SI 50. 

Gcncalor/ical and Historical Record of the Carpenter Family, icilh a Brief Genealo- 
gy of Some of the, Descendants of William Carpenter of Weymouth and Rthoboth, 
Mass.,, William Carpenter of Providence, R. 1., Sa/nuel Carpenter of Perm., and 
Ephraim, Timothy and Josias Carpenter of Long Island, including a Full, Com- 
pkte and Reliable History of the Carpenter Estate of England. By James Usher, 
y .Murray Street, New Turk City. 1883. Paper. 8vo. pp. 70. 

D^srendants of Thomas Deane of Massachusetts and New Hampshire. By John 
Ward Dean. Boston, Mass. : Privately Printed. 1663. Paper, pp. 12. 

Specimen of the Register Plan for Arranging Genealogies. 8vo. pp. 4. 

We continue our quarterly notices of genealogical works which have recently 

The Davis genealogy, whose title heads the list this quarter, is a work that we 
can confidently refer to as a model for such works. The Hon. George L. Davis, to 
whom we owe the work, has been several years in collecting the materials which he 
now presents to the public. In preparing his book for the press he has had the as- 
sistance of George P. Daniels, of Oxford, author of the valuable historical work, 
The Huguenots of the Nipmuck Country, who has much taste and skill in these 
matters. The book is very full and precise, not only as to the genealogy but the 
biography of the family. It is arranged on the Register Plan, with a few new fea- 
tures that adapt it better for a book. It is handsomely printed, with clear and dis- 
tinct type, and has a very good index. . 

The Puttie book seems to be a very full account of the various families of the 
name, and must have cost much labor. Besides the descendants of William Tuttle 
of New Haven, it has genealogical accounts, more or less full, of John Tuttle of 
Dover, N. H. ; Richard Tuttle of Boston ; John Tuttle of Ipswich, and Henry Tut- 
hill of Hin^ham, Mass., with genealogical notices of several allied families. It is 
illustrated with portraits and has two indexes. 

The Halls, to which the next book is devoted, are a numerous race. The author 
gives a li<*t of eighty-three early emigrants of the name, between few of whom, we 
think, has any connection been traced. The author has shown commendable perse- 
verance in collecting the memorials of the^^e scattered families. The volume is well 
printed and well indexed. Numerous portraits, many of them on steel, illustrate 
the work. 

The Page Family of Virginia gives the genealogy of that ancient family, which 
is traced to Col. John Page, of Williamsburg, Va., of whom an original portrait 
by Sir Peter Lily is preserved and has been engraved for this volume. Other por- 
traits and views also illustrate the work. Great research is shown in these pages, 
and much historical and biographical matter is preserved here. Besides the fami- 
lies whose names we have copied in the above title, there are references to those of 
Byrd, Carter, Cary, Duke, Gilman, Harrison, Rives, Thornton, Wellford and 

_ Mr. Binney, the author of the next volume, published his first edition of the Pren- 
tice Family in 1852. Since then he has collected much material for a new edition, 
and the late Mr. K. C. Prentice devoted his leisure for several years to the same 
work. His collections have been added to those of Mr. Binney, who has compiled 
from the united collection a very valuable and interesting work. It is well arrang- 
ed and well printed, and has good indexes. Numerous portraits and other illustra- 
tions embellish the book. 

Tbe first volume of the Spooner genealogy has been printed, and the advance 
sheets are before us. We notice it briefly in this number, but shall do so more 
fully in the next. The Hon. Mr. Spooner, of Glendale, Ohio, has spent many years 
and much money in gathering material for the genealogy of the Spooner family. 
In 1871 he published a preliminary outline volume. He now issues the first vol- 
time of the completed work, the result of nearly a quarter of a century of labor. 
The details are lull and precipe, as might he expected, and there is a full index in 
one alphabet. The book is handsomely printed. 

The Thwing Family, the subject of the next book, is not a very numerous one; 
but the author has succeeded in filling more than two hundred pages with interest- 


114 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

ing matter about it. An account of the Twenge family of England, of which this 
is supposed to be an offshoot, is prefixed. The immigrant ancestor of the Thwing 
family in this country was Benjamin Thwing, who came to New England m the 
Susan and Ellen in 1635, and settled in Boston. His descendants are fully carried 
out. A number of heliotypes, mostly portraits, illustrate the work. 

Mr. Hall, the author of the book about the Waldos, has had the use. in prepar- 
ing this volume, of the papers of the late Hon. I>oren P. Waldo of Hartford, Conn., 
Charles E. Waldo of Canon City, Colorado, and Mrs. S. G. Waters of East Ran- 
dolph, Vt., who have devoted more or less time to collecting facts about the family. 
Judge Waldo, of Hartford, had intended to prepare a work similar to this. Mr. 
Hall has preserved much valuable information concerning a distinguished family. 
The book has a good index, and is illustrated with portraits and other engravings. 

The Harris Family of Ipswich seems to be very fully traced in the next volume. 
Thomas Harris was one of the early settlers of that town. He afterwards removed 
to Rowley, but returned to Ipswich and died there in 1687. Over six hundred fam- 
ilies of his descendants are given in this volume. It is indexed and illustrated by 
heliotype portraits. 

The first part of the Humphreys genealogy was noticed in our number for July 
last. The part before us is devoted to the descendants cf Michael Humphreys, who 
settled in Wind.»or, Conn., as early as 1643. One of the most distinguished of these 
descendants was Gen. David Humphre}-s of revolutionary fame, of whom a portrait 
and good biography are given, illustrated by facsimiles of letters by Washington 
and himself. The work is very thoroughly compiled and handsomely printed. Fac- 
similes of several ancient documents are given. 

Mr. Nelson's memoir of Josiah Hornblower preserves some interesting facts in the 
history of our country. Mr. Hurnblower came from England to America in 1753, 
bringing with him the first steam-engine which was used in this country. The me- 
moir-details the incidents of his life, particularly in relation to this enirine and the 
Schuyler Copper Mines at Second River, N. J., where it was used. The name of 
Hornblower is intimately associated with the steam-engine in England, and Jona- 
than Hornblower, Jr., a nephew of Josiah, invented in 1776 a double-cylinder en- 
gine. Mr. Nelson calls him " one of the rarest inventors of England." In the 
appendix is an account of this engine and Mr. Hornblower's controversy with 
Messrs. Boulton and Watt. The genealogy appended seems to be fully traced. 
There is an index to the whole pamphlet. 

The Rev. Mr. Hayden, of Wilkes Barre, Pa., is a careful historical aad biographi- 
cal writer, and in the present work has given a very interesting account of Oliver 
Pollock, particularly of his services to his country at the time of the revolution. He 
has appended a genealogy of the Pollock family of Pennsylvania and notices of oth- 
ers of the name. 

The brief genealogies of the several American families of the name of Carpenter 
given on the title-page, are additions to our genealogical information. Appended 
is a report " To the Members of the Carpenter Fund Association," as whose agent 
Mr. Usher visited England. He gives the result of his investigations there. After 
stating the facts to the members, he adds: " It may now be definitely taken as a 
fixed fact that the so-called ' Carpenter Estate ' does not exist, except in the fiction 
of tradition and the hopes of the expectant recipients." 

The Deane genealogy is a reprint, from the Register for July, 1883, of the article 
on that family, with an appendix of two pages, giving the ancestry of several of the 
individuals named in the genealogy. This carries back the ancestry of persons now 
living, in various lines. 

The Specimen of the Register Plan is a reprint from the July Register of a por- 
tion of the last article, and with it the short article on that Plan, giving an expla- 
nation of it. It will be furnished gratis. 



I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Mary, Queen of Scots A Study. By "Anchor." New York: Charles H. Ludwig, 
Printer, 10 & 12 Eeade Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 144. 

h K 

1S84.] IZecent Publications. 115 

An Inquiry into the Career and Character of Mary Stuart, and a justification of Both- 
well. Bv J". Watts De Peyster, "Anchor." New York: Charles H. Ludwig, Printer, 
10 & 12 Reade Street. 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 260. 

The Life and Misfortunes and the Military Career of Brig. Gen. Sir John Johnson, Bart. 
By J. Watts de Peyster, " Anchor," Major General S. N. Y. New York : Charles H- Lud- 
wig, Printer, 10 & 12 Reade Street. 18S2. 8vo. pp. 163. 

Brinton's Library of Aboriginal American Literature. Number II. The Iroquois Book 
of Kites, edited bv Horatio Hale, M.A., author of the Ethnography and Philology of the 
U. S. Exploring Expedition, etc. D. G. Brinton : Philadelphia. 1S83. 8vo. pp. 222. 

Truro— Cape Cod, or Land Marks and Sea Marks. By Shebnah Rich. Bo:>ton: D- 
Lothrop and Company, Zl Franklin Street. 8vo. pp. 5S0. 

Public Document, 18SI, No. 15, Supplement. The Census of Massachusetts, 18S0. By 
Carroll D. Wright, Chief of the Mass. Bureau of Statistics of Labor, Supervisor of U. S. 
Census, etc. etc. Boston : Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers, 18 Post-Orlke 
Square. 1883. 8vo. pp. 698. 

His:orv of Steam Navigation. By Rear Admiral G. H. Preble, U.S.N. Philadelphia: 
L. R. Hamersley & Co. 18S2. 8vo. pp. 271. 

Metrical Effusions pertaining to College Scenes and Associations. Bv George Kent, a 
Dartmouth graduate of 1814. Washington, D. C. :" School of Music " Print. 1SS3. 8vo. 

pp. 40. 

A copv of the Old Epitaphs in the burying ground of Block Island, R. I. By Edward 
Donbleday Harris. Cambridge : 18S3. Press of Johu Wilson and Son. 8vo. pp. 66. 

Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science. Herbert B. Ad- 
ams, Editor IX.-X. Village Communities of Cape Anne and Salem. From the Histori- 
cal Collections of Essex Institute. By Herbert B.Adams, Ph.D. Baltimore: Published 
by the Johns Hopkins University. July and August, 1883. 8vo. pn. 81. 

XL The Genesis of a New England State (Connecticut). Read before the Historical 
and Political Science Association, April 13, 13S3, by Alexander Johnson, A.M. Baltimore: 
Published by the Johns Hopkins University. September, 1883. 8vo. pp. 29. 

British Views on American Trade and Manufactures during the Revolution. By Wil- 
liam John Potts. Extracted from the Pennsylvania Magazine of History aud^Biography, 
Vol. VII. No. 2. 1S33. Collins Printing House, 705 Jane Street. 

In Memoriam. Mary C. Bispharn; Francis J. Humphrey. The might of Faith. A Ser- 
mon preached in the Church at Harrison Square, Bo-ton, Ma-s., Sept. 2, lbS3, the fust 
Sunday of worship after the funerals of Mrs. Mary C Bispharn and Francis J. Humphrey. 
Bv the Pastor, C. D. Bradlee. Boston : Press of George E. Todd & Co. Harrison Square : 
1883. Svo. pp. 16. 

An Account of the White Kennett Library of the Society for the Propagation of the Gos- 
pel in Foreign Parts, bv Charles Deane. Cambridge: John Wilson and Son, University 
Press. 1S83. Svo. pp. 8. 

Address at the nineteenth session of the American Pcmological Society, held in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., Sept. 12, 13, 14, 1S33 By Marshall P. Wilder, president of the Society. Pub- 
lished by the Society. 1883. 8vo. pp. 25. 

The Classification, Training and Education of the Feeble-Minded. Imbecile and Idiotic, 
by Charles H. Stanley Davis, M.D. New York: E. Steiger & Co., 25 Park Place. 1833. 
8vo. pp. 46. 

The Trial and Execution for petit treason of Mark and Phillis, slaves of Capt. John Cod- 
man, who murdered their master at Charlestown, Mass., in 1755. for which the man was 
banged and gibbeted, and the woman was burned to death, including also some account of 
oth».r punishments by burning in Massachusetts. By Abncr Cheney Goodell, Jr. Cam- 
bridge: John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1883. Svo. pp. 39. 

Elementary German. An outline of the Grammar, with exercises, conversations and 
readings. B? Charles P. Otis, Ph.D. Second edition. With revisions and appendix. 
New York : Henry Holt and Company. 1883. 8vo. pp. 332. 

1783 — 18S3. The Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. An Historical Address de- 
livered on the occasion of the Centennial Celebration at Boston, Massachusetts, July 4, 
1SS3, by Samuel C. Cobb, president. [Seal.] Boston : Printed by order of the Society. 
1883. 8vo. pp. 50. 

An account of the Seals of the Judicial Courts of the Colony and Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, 1CS)-1780. Bv Abner Cheney Goodell, Jr. A paper read before the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, March 8, 1883. Boston: 1383. Svo. pp. 14. 

Documents relating to the Colonial Historv of the State of New Jersev, edited bv Wil- 
liam A. Whitehead. Vol. VII. Part of administration of Gov. Jonathan Belcher,' 1746- 
1751. Newark, N. J.: Daily Advertiser Printing Otrice. 1833. 8vo. 

Four drawings of the engagements at Lexington and Concord, April 19, 1775, reproduced 
from Doolittle's original copperplate engravings, with an explanatory text by Rev. Edward 
G. Porter. Boston : 1883. Quarto. 

116 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

Catalogue of ancient and modern editions of the Scriptures, with other sacred books and 
manuscripts from the Library of S. Brainard Pratt, Boston. 

Notes on the Rubrics of the Communion Office; illustrating the history of the rubrics 
of the various prayer books, &c. &c, together with a review of the decisions of the Privy 
Council, and observations on Modern Ritualism. By John Harvey Treat. With an intro- 
ductory letter by the Rev. Morgan Dix, S.T.D. With many illustrations. . . . New York : 
James Pott, publisher, 12 Astor Place. 1SS2. 8vo. pp. 278. 

In Memoriam. Lucinda Freeman Hoyt. Svo. pp. 6. 

Notes on the History of Witchcraft in Massachusetts, with Illustrative Documents. From 
the Proceedings at the annual meeting of the American Antiquarian Society, Oct. 21, 1SS2. 
Worcester, Mass.: Printed by Charles Hamilton. 1SS3. Svo. pp. 32. 

History of the Counties of Dauphin and Lebanon, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylva- 
nia. Biographical and Genealogical. By William Henry Egle, A.M., M.D. Philadel- 
phia : Everts and Peck. 18S3. Large 4to. pp. 360. 

II. Other Publications, 

Biennial Report of the Minnesota Historical Society, Saint Paul, to the Legislature of 
Minnesota, session of 1883. Minneapolis: Johnson, Smith & Harrison. 1883. Svo. pp.48. 

Records of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County of Worcester, 
Massachusetts, from 1731 to 1737- Edited by Franklin P. Rice. Worcester, Mass. : The 
Worcester Society of Antiquity. 1882. U. S. A. CVI. Svo. pp. 197. 

Sixteenth Annual Report of the Provost to the Trustees of the Peabody Institute of the 
City of Baltimore, June 1, 1883. Baltimore : Steam Press %>f Wm. K. Boyle & Son. 1883. 
8vo. pp. So. 

List of Palaeozoic Fossil Insects in the United States and Canada. A paper read before 
the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, April f>, 1SS3. By R. D. Lacoe. Wy- 
oming Historical and Geological Society, 1858. Publication No. 5. Wilkes Barre, Pa.: 
Printed for the Society. 1883. Svo. pp. 21. 

Fund Publication, No. 18. The Foundation of Maryland and the origin of the Act con- 
cerning Religion of April 21, 161-9. Prepared for and partly read before the Maryland His- 
torical Society. By Bradley T. Johnson, a member of the Society. Baltimore. 1883. 
8vo. pp.211. 

Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. Vols. XXII. , XXIII., XXIV., XXV., XXVI. 
and XXVII. Wa?hington: Published by the Smithsonian Institution. 1882,1883. Svo. 

What Science is saying about Ireland. By the. author of " The Irish Land Bill." Sec- 
ond edition, with con>iderable additions. Leug and Co., Kingston-upon-Hull. Sold in 
London by Hamilton, Adams & Co. 8vo. pp. 87. 

Yale College in 1883. Some statements respecting the late progress and present condi- 
tion of the various departments of the University, for the information of its graduates, 
friends and benefactors. By the executive committee of the Society of the Alumni, June, 
1883. Svo. pp. 159. 

Twentieth Annual and Second Decennial Catalogue of the English and Classical School, 
Providence, R. I. 1883. 18l>4. Providence, Rhode Island Printing Co., 62 Weybostet 
St. 1883. 8vo. pp. 71. 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Phillips Exeter Academy, 1783—1853. Boston : 
J. S. Cushing & Company. 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 199. 

Did General Meade desire to retreat at the Battle of Gettysburg ? By George Meade. 
Philadelphia: Porter and Coate.s. 1883. Svo. pp. 29. 

Les Canadiens Francais de Fall River, Mass. Notes Historiques, par II. A. Dubuque. 
Fall River: luiprimene du Journal, Le Castor, H. Boisseau, Edheur. 1883. Svo. pp. 22. 

The Twenty-fifth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Brooklyn Library. 
Presented March 29, 1883. Brooklyn, N. Y. Printed for the Library. 1883. "Svo. pp. 29. 

Report and Collections of the State Historical Societv of Wisconsin for the years 1880, 
1881 and 1882. Vol. IX. Madbon, Wis. : David Atwuod, State Printer. 1882. 8vo. pp. 

Manual for the use of the General Court, containing the rules of the two branches. By 
S. N. Gifford, Clerk of the Senate, and Edward A. McClaughlin, Clerk of the House. 
Boston : Wright & Potter Printing Company, State Printers, 18 Post-Office Square. 1883. 
12mo. pp. 445. 

James Osborne Safford, member of the Finance Committee of the Essex Institute from 
1874 to 1883. A sketch read at the annual meeting, May, 1883. By Robert S. Rantoul. 
From Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, vol. 20. 8vo. pp. 12. 

An Alphabetical List of the Names of all persons residing in Washington City and the 
District of Columbia, June 1, 1S80, aged 75 years or more. Copied from the U.S. Censu3 
Reports of 1880, compiled by J. M. Toner, M.D. Containing also a list of all the decedents 
in the District of 75 years and upward between June 1st, 18»0, and June 1st, 1882. Report- 
ed through the Health Office of the District of Columbia. Svo. pp. 20. 

1884.] Recent Publications, 117 

Manual of the First Orthodox Congregational Church, Franklin Street, Someryille, 
Mass., May, 18S3. Boston : Frank Wood, Printer, 352 Washington Street. 18S3. 8vo: 
Vr». 2G 

Memorial History of Bradford, Mass., by J. D. Kingshury, including addresses delivered 
at the two hundredth anniversary of the first church of Bradford, December 27, 1SS2. Ha- 
verhill, Ma-s. : C.C. Morse & Son, Book and Job Printers. 1883. 8vo. pp. 192. 

Archaeological Institute of America. Fourth Annual Report of the Executive Commit- 
tee, and Second Annual Report of the Committee on the American School of Classical 
Studies at Athens, 1882-83. Presented at the annual meeting of the Institute, Boston, 
May 19, 1883. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son, University Press. 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 56. 

Report of the Boston Young Men's Christian Union. Instituted 1851. Incorporated 
1S52. For the year ending April 11, 1S83. Boston, No. 18 Boylston Street. 

Catalogus Senatus Academici et eorum qui Munera et Ofheia Academica gesserunt. Qui- 
que aliquovis Gradu exornati fuerunt in Collegio Yalensi in Novo-Portu, in Renublica 
Connecticutensi. In Nova Portu : Tuttle et Morehouse et Taylor typographis. 1SS3. 8vo. 
pp. 1.56 -f- 73. 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Maine at its sixty-fourth Annual Communciation, held 
at Portland^Mav 1, 2 and 3, 1883. Vol. XI. Part II. Portland: Stephen Berry, Printer. 
18S3. 8vo. pp. 607. 

Annual Report of the Board of Managers of the N. Y. State Reformatory at Elmira, for 
the year ending September 30, 1832. Reformatory Press. 1883. 8vo. pp. 101. 

Proceedings of the Worcester Society of Antiquity for the year 1882. Worcester, Mass. 
Published by the Society. 18S3. U.S.A. CVII. "Svo. pp. 167. 

Eleventh Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Chicago Public Library, June, 
18S3. Chicago: Public Library Rooms, 40 Dearborn Street. 1883. pp. 40. 

Memorial of Zacharia'n Allen, 1795-1S82. By Amos Perry. Cambridge: John Wilson 
and Son, University Press. 1883. 8vo. pp. 108. 

Minutes and Reports of the General Conference of the Congregational Churches in Maine. 
Maine Missionary Society, seventy-sixth anniversary, held with the church in Farmington, 
June 19, 2>) and 21, 1»S3. Bangor: Press of Benjamin A. Burr. 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 219. 

Josiah Hornblower and the first steam engine in America/with some notices of the Schuy- 
ler Copper Mines at Second River, New Jersey, and a genealogy of the Hornblower family, 
by William Nelson, Recording Secretary of the New Jersey Historical Society. Read be- 
fore the Society at Newark, May 17, 1883. Newark, N.J. : Daily Advertiser Printing 
House. 1SS3. 'Svo. pp. 80. 

Catalogue of the Phaenogamous and Vascular Cryptogamous Plants of Worcester Coun- 
ty, Ma^s. By Joseph Jackson. Worcester, Mass. : Published by the Worcester Natural 
History Society, Worcester, Mass., U. S. A. 1883. Svo. pp. 48. 

Proceedings of the Long Island Historical Society at the twentieth annual meeting held 
May 15, 1SS3, with the report of the directors and a list of the members. Brooklyn, N. Y. : 
Printed for the Society. 1833. 8vo. pp. 46. 

United States Salary List and the Civil Service Law rules and regulations, with specimen 
examination questions in the custom house, post-office and classified departmental service, 
prep Ted under the direction of Henrv N. Copp, attorney and counsellor at law, Washing- 
ton, D. C. Henry N. Copp. 1883. "8vo. pp. 143. 

A Golden Anniversarv. The Transcript's Fiftieth Birthdav. A long look backward. 
[Seal of the Otfice.] Privately printed. 18S0. Sm. 4to. pp. 51. 

The Ninety-fifth Anniversary of the Settlement of Ohio at Marietta. Historical address 
by Hon. George B. Loring, and other addresses before the Washington County Pioneer 
Association, Marietta, Ohiu, April 7, 1833. Marietta: Printed for the Pioneer Association. 
1883. Register Print. 8vo. pp. 76. 

Stranger's Illustrated Guide to Boston and its Suburbs; with maps of Boston and the 
harbor, by James H. Stark. Also a full description of routes of the horse-car line-, Sec. 
&c. lioston. Mas.-. : Photo-Electrotype Co., publishers, No. 63 Oliver Street, near Frank- 
lin. 1S13. Svo. pp. 180. 

Credit: its Meaning and Moment. Bv Clark W. Bryan, editor and proprietor of The 
Paper World and Manufacturer and Industrial Gazette. New York: Bradstreet Press. 
1883. Sm.4to. pp. 36. 

Proceedings at the Reunion of the Alumni of Bridgton Academy, held at North Bridg- 
ton, Me., on July 12, 1832. Bridgton : Bridgton News Press. 1883. Svo. pp. 69. 

Proceedings of the Trustees of the Peabody Education Fund from their original organi- 
zation on the 8th of February, 1867. Printed by the order of the Trustees. Vol. I. Bos- 
ton : Press of John Wilson and Son. 1875. 8vo. pp. 442. 

Proceedings of the Trustees of the Peabodv Education Fund, 1874-1831. Printed by or- 
der of the Trustees. Vol.11. Boston : University Press, John Wilson & Son. 1881. 8vo. 
pp. 441. 

118 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

The two hundred and forty-fifth Annual Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery- 
Company, Massachusetts* 1SS2-1S83. Sermon by Rev. H. Bernard Carpenter. Boston: 
Alfred Mudge and Son, Printers, 34 School Street. 1S83. 8vo. pp. 87. 

Acts and Resolves passed by the General Court of Massachusetts in the year 1SS3. to- 
gether with the constitution, the messages of the Governor, &c. &c, published by the Sec- 
retary of the Commonwealth. Boston: Writrht and Potter Printing Co., State Printers, 
No. 18 Post-Ofnce Square. 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 830-}-. 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library. Autumn Number. 1S83. Vol. o, No. 7. Whole 
number, 66. 

Williams College. Addresses delivered at a Memorial Meeting made at Commencement, 
July 3, 1883, with an Address before the Society of Alumni in regard to the late Barclay 
Jermain, class of '7-4, who died July 7, 1SS2. Published by order of the Trustees. Wil- 
liamstown, Mass.: 1S83. 8vo. pp. 4o. 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Williams College for the year 18S3-84. Wil- 
liamstown, Mass. : Published by the College. 1883. 8vo. pp. 39. 

Proceedings at the celebration of the Ninetieth Anniversary of the founding of Law- 
rence Academv, Groton, Massachusetts, June 21, 1SS3. Groton : Published by order of the 
Trustees. 1883. 8vo. pp. 48. 

List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1S?3, giving the name of each pensioner, the 
cause for which pensioned, the post-office address, "the rate of pension per month, and the 
date of original allowance. V. volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1SS3. 

Transactions of the Moravian Historical Societv. Scries II. Part 6, for iSS3. Printed 
for the Society. Bethlehem, Pa. : Henry P. Clander. 18S3. 8vo. pp. 322. 

Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Societv. Vol. VII. Second Series. 1883. 
No. 4. 8vo. pp. 160-276. 

Worcester Countv Musical Association. Twentr-sixth Annual Festival in Mechanics 
Hall, Worcester, Mass., Sept. 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th, 1SS3. Carl Zerrahn, Conduc- 
tor. Worcester, Mass. : Published by the Association. 1S53. Svo. pp. 86. 

The Thursday Lecture. By Samuel E. Staples. Worcester: Press of Clark Jillson. 
1SS3. 8vo. pp. "7. 

The Fortifications of To-Day. Fire against models of Coast Batteries and Parados. 
Horizontal and curved fire in defence of coasts. Translated under the direction of the 
Board of Engineers for fortifications. Col. John Newton, Corps of Engineers, Brevet Ma- 
jor General, U.S.A., President of the Board. Washington: Government Printing Office. 
1883. Folio, pp. 29. 

Report and Collections of the Nova Scotia Historical .Society for the years 1882, 1SS3. Vol- 
ume III. Halifax : Printed at the Morning Herald Office. 1883. Svo. pp. 20S. 

History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the neighboring Counties of Penn- 
sylvania, by R. C. Smedlev, M.D. Illustrated. Lancaster, Pa. : Printed at the office of 
the Journal. 1883. 8vo. pp. 407. 

Report of the Superintendent of the U S. Coast and Geoditic Survey, showing the Pro- 
cress of the work during the fiscal year ending June, 1881. Washington : Government 
Printing Office. 1883. Folio. 

Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the Navy of the United States, 
including officers of the Marine Corps to August 1, 1SC3. Washington: Government 
Printing Office. 18S3. 8vo. pp. 76. 

Arehaeologia, or Miscellaneous Facts relating to Antiquity, published by the Society of 
Antiquaries of London. Volume XLVII. London: Printed by Nichols & Sons, 2o Par- 
liament Street. Sold at the Society's Apartments in Burlington House. MD.CCC.LXXXIIl. 
Quarto, pp. 241-521. 

The Modern Polytechnic School. Inaugural Address of President Charles O. Thomp- 
son, delivered at the opening of the Rose Polytechnic Institute, March 7, 1883. Published 
by order of the Board of Managers. Terre Haute, Ind. : C. W. Brown (Globe Office), 
Printer. 1883. Svo. pp. 27. 

City of Boston. Thirty-First Annual Report of the Trustees of the Public Library. 1883. 
Svo. pp. 76. 

Centennial Celebration of the Congregational Church, Wendell, Mass., Wednesday* De- 
cember 2, 1874. Address of welcome by Rev. L5. B. Cutler, pastor of the Church; Histor- 
ical Discourse, embracing reminiscences of the civil and ecclesiastical history of the town, 
by the Rev. W. H. Beaman, of Amherst; Poem, by Dr. V. W. Leach, of Amherst. Am- 
herst, Mass. : Henry M. McCloud, Book and Job Printer. 1875. Svo. pp. 42. 

Dynamo-Electric Machinery. A series of lectures by Silvanus P. Thompson, B.A., 
D.Sc, M.S.T.E.. Professor of Experimental Physics in University College, Bristol. Re- 
printed from the " Journal of the Society of Arts." With an introduction by Frank L. 
Pope, M.S.T.E. New York: D. Van Nostrand, Publisher, 23 Murray and 27 Warren St. 
1883. 18mo. pp. 218. 


Recent Publications. 



1842— 1SS2. Celebration of the Fortieth Anniversary of the organization of the Congre- 
gational Church of Wauwatpsa, Wis., March 1, 1S82. Milwaukee : Godfrey & Crandall, 
Printers and Publishers. 18S2. 8vo. pp. 61. 

Opinions, Decrees and Orders of the Court of Commissioners of Alabama Claims, to- 
gether with insurance tables, scrip valuations, etc. Compiled by J. F. Manning, counsel- 
lor of the Court. August 1, 1SS3. Boston : Smith & Porter, Printers. 1$S3. 8vo. pp. 46. 

Tin* Constitution, By-Laws and House Rules of the Union Club of Boston, with a List of 
the officers and members, July, 1SS3. 12mo. pp. 38. 

Reminiscences of the Rev. George Allen, of Worcester. With a biographical sketch and 
notes, by Franklin P. Rice. Worcester, Mass. : Putnam and Davis. 1SS3. Svo. pp. 127. 

Catalogue of the Numismatic Books in the library of the American Numismatic and Arch- 
aeological Society, with a subject index to the important articles in the American Journal of 
Numismatics and other periodicals to the end of 1882. New York, 25 University Building. 
ISS3. 8vo. pp. 31. 

North Kingston Tax Book. 18S3. Published by T. H. Holloway & Co., Wickford, R. I. 
8vo. pp. 5G. 

The Scmi-Centennial of Iowa. A record of the commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary 
of the settlement of Iowa, held at Burlington, June 1, 1S83. Burlington Hawkeye Book 
and Job Printing House. 1883. Svo. pp. 104. 


Ayer, Hon. Caleb R., of Cornish, Me., 
died at his residence in that place, Oc- 
tober 5, 1883, at the age of 70 years. 

He was a son of Capt. James Ayer, 
one of the best known citizens of New- 
field, whose father, Elirdia Ayer, was 
one of the original grantees and pio- 
neers of that town, then known as 
" Washington Plantation," and who 
came there from Saco while James was 
a mere lad. Mr. Ayer, Senior, was a 
man of great physical endurance, and 
did much in promoting the settlement 
and development of the town. As 
proof of his public spirit and interest 
in its welfare, it may be mentioned 
that he erected the first meeting-house 
and school-house for the use of the peo- 
ple of that place. Caleb It. Ayer grad- 
uated at Dartmouth Coll. in the class 
of 1831, having among his classmates 
Daniel Clark, formerly United States 
Senator and now U. S. District Judge 
of New Hampshire. Immediately 
after his graduation he pursued his 
legal studies in the office of his bro- 
ther-in-law, the late Justice Nathan 
Clifford, of the United States Su- 
preme Court, at that time a resident 
of Newfield and a leading practitioner 
at the bar of York County. Mr. Ayer 
was admitted to the bar in 1838, soon 
after which he entered into partner- 
ehin with Mr. Clifford, which contin- 
ued till the year 1811, when he re- 
moved to Cornish, where he continued 
to reside until his death. He was a 
member of the State Senate in the 
years 1847 and 1818— the latter of 

which he was president, and in 1856, 
during the administration of Governor 
Wells, was Secretary of State. In the 
years 18G8, 1869 and 1870, he was 
County Attorney of York County, and 
repeatedly held municipal offices in 
his town. The duties of all these 
positions of trust and honor he dis- 
charged with great ability. Mr. Ayer 
was possessed of fine presence, elo- 
quent voice, rare command of lan- 
guage, and for many years ranked as 
one of the ablest members of the York 
bar. lie was a man of great intellec- 
tual power, and when fully aroused, 
his arguments before a jury, and his 
speeches on the stump, were often of 
great power and eloquence. 

He leaves a wife and three children, 
one of the daughters being the wife of 
Dr. W. B. Swasey, of Cornish. 

By N. J. Heirkk, Esq. 

Barstow, George, died at San Francis- 
co, Cal., 9th September, 1883, aged 71. 
He was the author of" Barstow s His- 
tory of New Hampshire." He was a 
native of Haverhill, N. H., and grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College in 1835. 

Dodge, Gen. Augustus C, died at his 
residence in Burlington, Iowa, Nov. 
20, 1883, at the age of 71 years, 10 
mas. and 18 ds. 

He was a son of the late Hon. Hen- 
ry Dodge, Delegate in Congress and 
Governor of the territory of Wiscon- 
sin, and United States Senator from 
1818, the time of its admission into 





the union, to 1857 — both being mem- 
bers of tlie House and Senate during 
nearly their entire terms of service, 
which is the ouly case known in the 
history of the country of father and 
son serving in congress at the same 
time. The grandfather of Augustus 
U. Dodge was Israel Dodge, a native 
of Esses County, Massachusetts, who 
emigrated from Connecticut to St. 
Genevieve, Missouri, during the latter 
part of the last century. Gen. Dodge 
was one of the early settlers of Bur- 
lington. In 1838 he was appointed by 
President Van Buren Register of the 
Land Office at that place. In Decem- 
ber, 1840, at the early age of 28 years, 
he entered Congress as delegate from 
the territory of Iowa, serving as such 
until its admission into the union in 
1848, at which time he was chosen 
one of its first Senators, taking his 
seat December 26, 1848, and continu- 
ing in the senate until February 8, 
1855, when he resigned to accept the 
appointment of Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Spain, tendered him by Presi- 
dent Pierce, in 1864 he was a dele- 
gate to the National Democratic Con- 
vention at Chicago; in 1860 a dele- 
gate to the 4i National Union Conven- 
tion " at Philadelphia ; in 1868 he was 
a delegate to the National Democratic 
Convention in New York, and in 1874 
was mayor of the city of Burlington. 
Gen. Dodge has been for nearly half a 
century intimately connected with the 
national and political interests of Iowa. 
His influence, discreet counsel and 
broad statesmanship have done much 
in placing that commonwealth in the 
front rank of northwestern states. Of 
the highest personal character, and 
possessed oi fine social qualities, he 
was greatly endeared to all who were 
honored with his acquaintance. 
By N. J. Htrrick, Esq. 

Greelev, Mrs. Sarah Bridges, widow of 
Moses Greeley, Esq., died August 26, 
1883, aged 86 years. 2 months and 25 
days, She was a daughter of James 
and Mary (Montgomery) Bridges-, of 
Andover, Mass., and was born June 
1, 1797. She was the last of eight 
children of her parents, all of whom, 
except Hannah, who died in 1819, a. 
25 y. I m. 6 d., passed beyond their 
70th year, namely, Mrs. J. Abbott, of 
Andover, who died at the a^ r e of 73 
years, 2 mos. 3 ds. ; Colonel Moody 
^Bridges, of Andover, 73 years, 7 mos. 
12 ds. ; Mrs. S. Frye, of Onondaga, 
Mich., 71 years, 8 mos. 27 ds. ; Mrs. 
D. C. Brown, of Boston. "78 years, 9 
mos. 6 ds. ; Mrs. Samuel Herbert, of 

Concord, N. H., 84 years, 7 mos. 29 
ds. ; and Mrs. E. C. Preston, of Con- 
cord, N. H., 81 years, 10 mos. 3 ds. 

A. J. H. 

Hoyt, Mrs. Lucinda Freeman, died in 
Cincinnati, O., July 19, 18S3, in the 
90th year of her age. She was a 
daughter of Thomas and Rebecca 
(Swift) Freeman, of Barnard, Vc, 
where she was born, Dec. 23, 1793. 
Mrs. Hoyt was the wife of the Rev. 
Benjamin Ray Hoyt (born iu New 
Braintree, Mass., Jan. 6, 1789; died 
in Salem, N. H., Oct. 3, 1872), and 
the mother of eight children, of whom 
three survive. She was a woman of 
superior mental powers, and possessed 
many useful and endearing virtues. 
(See '" Memorial Sketch " of .Mrs. 
Hoyt; also Pair's History of Hard- 
wick, p. 3S0 (9) ; Hoyt Genealogy, 
pp. 201-2, and 205-6 ; Freeman Gen., 
p. 156.) 

Hoyt, Rev. William Harrison, died in 
the city of New York, Dec. 11, 18S3, 
aged nearly 71 years. He was born 
in Sandwich, N. H., Jan. 8, 1813; 
was Graduated at Dartmouth College 
in 1831, and married Ann Doming in 
1838. Mr. Hoyt was formerly an 
Episcopalian clergyman at St. Albans, 
Vt., but became a Roman Catholic, 
and for some years thereafter practised 
law. At the time of his death he was 
an assistant minister of St. Ann's (R. 
C.) church in New York. His parents 
were Hon. Daniel and Sally (Fianders) 
Hoit, of S. Albert G. Hoit, the cel- 
ebrated portrait painter, who died 
at Jamaica Plain, Mass., in Ib56, was 
a brother. (Hoyt Genealogy, pp. 64 
and 91.) 

Johnson, William Schuyler, the third 
6on of Ben and Louise M. Johnson, 
was born Sept. 21, 1859, and died at 
Washington, D. C, Oct. 6, 1883. He 
was an estimable young man of fine 
qualities, a member of the American 
Association for the Advancement of 
Science, and for several years private 
secretary to Prof. Alexander Graham 
Bell, but more recently engaged in 
business in Florida. He was the in- 
ventor of an Electric Signalling Device. 
He died of pyaemia, induced by an ab- 
scess from which he had been a sufferer 
for five months. Services were held 
on the 8th at his residence in Wash- 
ington, and his remains were taken to 
Owego, N.'Y., by his brother Charles 
S. Johnson, Esq.. of Washington, the 
only survivor of this family. 



Historical and 



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N° CL. 







35 Bedford Street. 



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APRIL, 1884. 


By the Rev. Anson Titus, of Weymouth, Mass. 

EDWIN HUBBELL CHAPIN was born in Union Village, Wash- 
ington County, New York, December 29, 1814, the son of 
Alpheus and Beulah (Hubbell) Chapin. He could trace his ancestry 
to the earlier days of the American colonies, through a line of worthy 
parentage ; and in one of those masterly lectures he pronounced be- 
fore so many audiences, in which he declares himself a " believer in 
ancestry and in the feeling it kindles," he expressed the tradition of his 
family that "a drop of the Black Douglas, the Scottish Knight, ran 
in his veins." Nobility of character and strength of lofty purpose 
were his, whether from Scottish veins, or the hardy blood of other 
., peoples. 

The paternal ancestry of Mr. Chapin reaches back eight genera- 
tions, to Samuel Chapin,* who was among the early settlers about 
Boston, and who in 1642 took upon himself the fortunes of a wilder- 
ness home in Springfield. His wife was Cicely. Mr. Savage, in 
his Genealogical Dictionary of New England Families, says he was 
" a deacon and man of distinction." In a brief diary of his son 
Japhet are these words : " My father was taken out of this trouble- 
some world thell day of November about eleven of the clock, 1675." 
The age of this paternal progenitor is not known, but it was above 
three score years. The eldest son of Samuel was Japhet, who mar- 
ried Aibilenah Cooley. Japhet resided in the north part of Spring- 
field, the present Chicopee. He was at the Indian fight at Turner's 
Falls, as will be seen from the following note supposed to be in his 
handwriting in an ancient account book : " I went out Volenteare 
against ingens the 17th of May 1676 and we ingaged batel the 19th 
of May in the morning before sunrise and made great Spoil upon the 
enemy and came off the same day with a loss of 37 men and the 

* For an account of the history of the Chapin Family, vide The Chapin Genealogy, 
containing a very larae proportion of the descendants of i)ea. Samuel Chapin, who settled 
in Springfield, Mass., in 1612. Collected and compiled by Orange Chapin, Northampton, 
1866. pp. 367. 



122 JRev. Edicin H. Chapin, [April, 

Captin Turner, and came home the 20th of May." He died in 1712 
at the age of 70 years. To Japhet was born, among others, a son 
Thomas Chapin, who married Sarah Wright. He died at the age 
of 85, and his wife Sarah 98 years. To Thomas was born, in 1G94, 
a Thomas Chapin, Jun., who married Jerusha Jones, of the town of 
Sunderland ; and residing in the vicinity of Chicopee until 1748, he 
removed to Belchertown, where he died at the age of 86, and his 
wife in 1773 aged 77 years. The oldest son of Thomas was Elijah, 
born in 1722, and who died in Windsor, Vermont, aged 87 years. 
To Elijah was born Perez, who graduated at Middlebury College, 
became a physician, and after practising for a time in Granby, Mass., 
removed to Benson, Vermont. He married Elizabeth Smith in 1776. 
Dr. Perez Chapin died in Benson in 1838, aged 86 years. Alpheus 
Chapin was their son, born Oct. 24, 1787. He was a man of fine 
abilities, and was a portrait artist of no mean reputation. Unlike 
the same profession to-day, he was obliged to go from place to place, 
especially to those towns where wealth and public spirit were found, 
to gain a livelihood and extend his reputation. Alpheus Chapin and 
Beulah Hubbell* were married, and to them was born December 29, 
1814, Edwin Hubbell Chapin, whose memoir this is. 

Thus it will be seen that long-lived and hardy was the race from 
which our subject sprang. He was the eighth generation from Samuel 
Chapin. We know not the age of Samuel, but of the six generations 
between them the average age was almost eighty-three years, while 
the wives of these forefathers also died advanced in life. 

The maternal ancestry of Mr. Chapin is likewise worthy and noble. 
His mother, Beulah Hubbell, was born in Bennington, Vermont, 
in 1785, the daughter of Elnathan and Isabella (Breckenridge) 
Hubbell. The line of her ancestry, back to Richard Hubbell, the 
early emigrant of the family, is as follows : Beulah, 5 Elnathan, 4 
Elnathan, 3 James, 2 Richard. 1 It was among the strong families of 
Connecticut, public-spirited, and earnest in military, civil and church 
affairs. James, of the second generation, lived to the age of 104 

The youthful days of Chapin were spent in various towns, where- 
ver his father could gain employment in his profession. He knew 
not the full worth of a homestead, but only of the boarding and 
tenement house. The thoughts which earlv came to him must have 
moulded his later life, and thus made him more tender and sympa- 
thetic towards those who felt the deep need of home and childhood 
reverence. The affection of parents was the stronghold in his char- 
acter. When about eleven Years old the wanderings of the family 
brought them to Boston. His school days had been few, and these 
only for a few weeks at a time. On coming to Boston, he soon be- 
came an errand boy to Aaron Dana, broker, No. 26 State Street. 

* Vide History of the Hnbbel! Familv, containing a Genealogical Record, by Walter 
Habbell, New York, 1881. pp. 463. 

1884.] JRev. Edwin H. Chapin. 123 

Few details remain of these years in Boston. His bright and im- 
aginative mind caught upon suggestions and visions which lifted the 
young errand boy above the round of duty, and often to a neighboring 
errand boy would he recite some extempore effusion which had for 
the moment possession of his soul. The youth was turned towards 
the drama and histrionic art. Rude indeed may have been the execu- 
tion of his endeavors ; but gathering a small company of like passion 
he easily played the leading part. In this company of amateurs with 
young Chapin were Charles H. Eaton and John P. Addams, come- 
dians, and E. L. Davenport, tragedian, whose brilliant delineations 
of the art made his fame world-wide. There was ever strength of 
friendship between Davenport and Chapin. Anxiety reigned in the 
hearts of the parents, and they, feeling the dangers which city life 
and excitement would have upon one of his temperament, arranged 
to have him fro to Bennington, Vermont, and attend the Academv 
at that place. "When his little trunk was finally packed for the 
journey, his mother took from it sundry well-worn plays and decla- 
mations he had concealed in it, and in their place she deposited a 
copy of the Bible as her parting gift. Pier cup of joy would have 
been full could she have foreseen how prophetic was this act of 
transfer ! " * 

Young Chapin's school days at Bennington were full of profit. 
The new life was overflowing with exhilaration. The fresh thoughts, 
the new associations, the broad aud beautiful landscapes, a teacher 
who saw into the depths of his great nature, and inviting oppor- 
tunities, conspired as one to lend aid to the unfolding of concealed 
powers. During the greater part of the six years he was in Ben- 
nington he lived with his uncle, Dea. Aaron Hubbell. It was while 
attending Academy that Mr. Chapin wrote the poem, which first ap- 
peared in the Southern Literary Magazine, entitled "The Burial at 
Sea," the first line of which ran, 

" Bury me not in the deep, deep sea," 

and has in all the years of its wanderings found a place in the leading 
periodicals of our language. 

From Bennington the young man went, in 1836, to Troy, N. Y., 
In the law office • of Huntington and Van Schoonhoven he read 
Blackstone for a short time, and afterwards studied in the office of 
Judge Pierson. But he was not content with legal phrase. There 
was not enough of the poetic in it to suit his temperament. He 
would rather declaim the choice paragraphs of world-famed orators, 
than apply himself to the fine points and technicalities of law. 
The autumn of 1836 gave him grand days. He entered the Presi- 
dential campaign in the support of Martin Van Buren. Of Chapin's 
speeches in this campaign his old school-mate, the Hon. Martin I. 

• Life of Edwin H. Chapin, D.D.^by Rev. Sumner Ellis, D.D., page 24. 

124 Rev. Edwin H. Gkapin. [April, 

Townsend, says: "They were as successful in their line as his 
sermons were afterwards. Everybody patted him on the back and 
praised him for them. They were rough and tumble, but perfectly 
charming." This campaign was a life to him. It was a prophecy 
of his great work for the world. But blindly did he grope. Little 
did he know his mission ; but He who rears men for special work 
and all the race for soine work was entanMinir his life with thoughts 
and circumstances to guide him into and to persuade him concerning 
the labors and service of the world's Master anion <? men. 

The excitement of a political campaign over, and only the ordinary 
routine of studious plodding once more resumed, he grew tired and 
his temperament failed to respond to the niceties of legal study. He 
loved the stir and the responsive enthusiasm of public address. But 
there was more than this. His soul was reaching out for that which 
he did not possess. A religious revival was in progress in Troy, and 
his heart turned to subjects of spiritual life and growth. Religious 
thoughts were received favorablv, but to him the dominant creeds 
and statements were hard to be reconciled. To the home of his 
parents he once more turned, and amidst the affections of loved 
ones his wearied heart began to feel refreshment. This home was 
now at Bridgewater, to the south of U tica, New York. His father 
plying his profession in Utica, the young man sought again a law 
office in which to pursue his studies. In a leisure hour he strolled 
to a book store, an attractive place to him, and there a kindly greet- 
ing and consent made him welcome. Connected with the store was 
a printing office. It was the publication office of the Gospel Ad- 
vocate and Magazine, the or^an of the Universalist denomination for 
New York State, and the books on sale were largely those which 
advocated the doctrines of this religious bodv. Here the student, 
with no money to purchase, found a place of pleasing resort. New 
thoughts and motives thrilled his soul. These books and publica- 
tions, with a broad and generous spirit, aroused his nature, and a 
new man was he. The genial friendship awakened, and the attractive- 
ness of an editorial room, were more seductive than the law office. 
On the first of July, 1837, his first article, an Independence Hymn, 
appeared in the columns of this paper. Soon he became established 
as an assistant editor, for his writings gained favor rapidly among 
the readers of his own and other papers. This labor gave him fresh 
joy. Until the following Spring did he remain in this position, de- 
veloping rare powers as a writer. In Utica also there was a debating 
society this same winter, and there he often gave utterance to his 
thoughts on various subjects, to the admiration and profit of all who 
listened. In the Spring of 1838, Rev. Aaron B. Grosh, the senior 
editor, announced the accession to the Universalist ministry of him 
who had been his assistant. He was ordained to the full work of the 
Christian ministry September 27, 1838, at Knoxville, Oneida Co., 
New York. 

1884.] JRev. Edwin H. Chapin. 125 

In two months from the time of his first sermon, he was a settled 
pastor in Richmond, Virginia. College advantages and special 
theological training he did not possess, but with a rare power of 
grasping truths from every side, and with a happy faculty of applying 
them to his hearers, he soon captivated the hearts of the Virginians. 
His reputation as an orator of sacred truth began at the outset of 
his ministry. During his pastorate of two and a half years in 
Richmond he prepared a course or two of lectures which became the 
foundation of as many volumes of his published works. 

In the autumn of 1839, Mr. Chapin came North to attend the 
Universalist General Convention in Portland, Maine. He arrived 
in Boston, September 13th, as the body of Rev. Thomas F. King 
was awaitins: burial in Charlestown. Great ^rief was over the citv. 
On the evening of this day a service was desired on the part of the 
people, and the visiting clergymen in attendance, who were, as was 
Mr. Chapin, on their way to the said Convention. Mr. Chapin was 
invited to preach, and consented. The preacher's words were of 
faith, and such was the pathetic and eloquent application to the 
pervading sadness, that to him did the people look for a future pastor. 
It was not, however, until more than a year after, that he consented 
to leave his Richmond charge. December 23d, 1840, he was in- 
stalled as pastor of the Universalist Church of Charlestown, and for 
five years did he go in and out before his people with words of sym- 
pathetic ministration and a life which fired other hearts to better 

It was in Charlestown that he said he lived his five most valuable 
years. His conquests and victories were many. The new avenues 
of research, the reforms of the time, his growing reputation upon the 
lecture platform, all called forth the nobler powers of his nature. 
During these plastic years, his labors and accomplishments, helpful 
as they were to others, yet exercised an abiding influence upon him- 
self. In Charlestown he met in social life two intimate friends, who 
were such to the last, Richard FrothinHiam and Thomas Starr Kinsr. 
Large hearted and noble were these three men, and upon each other 
they exercised a superior type of influence. This ministry in 
Charlestown was widely felt, and it was only with a cost of painful 
emotion that his relations were severed to accept a call as an associate 
with the venerable Hosea Ballou of Boston. 

Mr. Chapin was installed in Boston, January 26, 184G, the senior 
pastor, Hosea Ballou, delivering the sermon. Of this period of 
his life Rev. Sumner Ellis, D.D., his biographer, says : "His min- 
istry in Boston was brief, reaching through a period of only two 
years, and was not marked by any thing special in the way of de- 
velopment or incident. Coming from Richmond to Charlestown, he 
had made in the latter place the great advance steps of his life. 
Under the shadow of Bunker Hill he caught a new vision of Liberty, 
and amidst the temperance agitation of that time he gave his heart 
VOL. xxxviii. 12* 



126 Rev. Edwin H. Chap in. [April, 

to Total Abstinence, and put his hand to the pledge ; and for these 
great causes he became the eloquent advocate. Here also he had 
acquired a new and tenderer sentiment in his soul, a more pathetic 
tone to his voice, through the discipline of his first great sorrow, — an 
acquisition as permanent as his life ; and here his moods of enthu- 
siastic abstraction, in which his friends even failed to arrest his notice, 
became characteristic. And with these developments put forth, like 
buds burst into full bloom, he removed to Boston only to keep the 
even tenor of his way ; or if any change came to him, it was merely 
a change to greater activity and influence, through the demand im- 
posed by his growing fame." 

While he was pastor in Charlestown, two urgent invitations had 
been given him to settle in New York City, and after a two years 
pastorate in Boston, came a renewed call he was unable to resist. 
On the first Sunday of May, 1848, he entered upon his new pastoral 
engagement. The same day Rev. Alonzo A. Miner, his successor, 
began in Boston. Their lines truly were fallen in divinely marked 
places. The busy and stirring life of the metropolis was best suited 
to the gifted Chapin, and the long successful pastoral career of Dr. 
Miner, as the leading Universalist minister in Boston, shows clearly 
to all readers of the divine mind, how a gracious Providence raises 
up men for stations, and creates stations for men. From the first, 
the ministry of Mr. Chapin in New York was attractive and ever 
widening. His reputation as an orator of sacred themes took anew 
the wings of the wind. First one church edifice and then another 
his congregation outgrew. His reputation as a lecturer made visitors 
to the metropolis desire to hear him upon the Sabbath day. The 
consequence was, no visit was complete without listening to him of 
whom so much was said. His parish grew in numbers and in wealth, 
and finally, in 1866, was erected the substantial and beautiful edifice 
— the Church of the Divine Paternity — on the corner of Forty-fifth 
Street and 5th Avenue. A succession of successes characterized his 
labors. No words, statement or. statistics can estimate the worth, 
work and power of this mighty man in a leading pulpit of the leading 
city in the land. It were vain to attempt. On the 7th of May, 
1873, he was invited by his large and generous minded people to 
celebrate his twenty-fifth anniversary* as their pastor. It was an 
event to be remembered. The people, to whom he was a true and 
6teadfast friend, were present in large numbers. Addresses were 
made by various speakers of a congratulatory character, but the chief 
and central address was by Rev. Dr. James M. Pullman, who in apt, 
terse and eloquent words, presented Dr. Chapin, on behalf of his 
people, a sum of money, denominated "ten thousand" thanks. 

The pulpit of this Church of the Divine Paternity was ever firm. 
It was true to the nobler reforms of the day, and loyal in the darker 

• The Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the settlement of E. H. Chapin, D.D., Pastor of the 
Church of the Divine Paternity, New York, Wednesday, May 7, 1873. 8vo. pp. 67. 


1884.] Rev. Edwin IT. Chapin. 127 

times of the Nation's civil strife. No scandal ever breathed its poison 
against it. It has been a tower of strength amid men busy with the 
traffic of the world . 

The Rev. Dr. Thomas J. Sawyer, at a memorial service in 
Boston, said of Dr. Chapin: "He was one of nature's noble- 
men ; designed and fashioned to be a man of mark, with a large 
brain and a great heart. Physically, intellectually and morally, he 
was made for vast activity, endurance and most efficient service. 
Though dying at the age of sixty-six, he was fitted by nature to have 
lived much longer. No doubt he has accomplished by his intensity 
of thought and action, as much as many others with his endowments 
would have done in a life-time half as long again. But unfortunately 
for him, and for us, I think, he had no mercy on himself, and when 
in the hey-day of health and vigor he thought nothing impossible, no 
amount of labor too great. He was not merely a preacher. His 
was a divided throne between the pulpit and the platform. For 
many years he was active in temperance and other reforms, and his 
magnetic eloquence made him sought by all associations of the kind 
that desired the presence of a crowd and a stirring and persuasive 
appeal. For five and twenty years he was one of the most promi- 
nent of a long catalogue of lecturers whom every lyceum must hear. 
Now imagine a man who has to preach two sermons every Sunday, 
preach to an audience of from twelve to eighteen hundred people, 
and so preach as to maintain the reputation of the most eloquent 
V divine in the country ! " 

In 1850 he visited Europe, and attended the Peace Congress held 
in the Parliament House of Germany, and his address here electrified 
the assembly, and gave him a reputation at once among the orators 
of Europe. His work for the Odd-Fellows earned the gratitude of 
all bound by their mystic tie. The cause of Temperance found his 
words of no little help in upbuilding the sentiments of total abstinence. 
There was no mistaking where his large sympathies were. 

The services of Mr. Chapin were in constant demand before the 
Lyceums of the country. The first years of his ministry in Rich- 
t mond witnessed his advent as a lecturer, and from that time onward 

he was "the acknowledged prince of the lyceum platform." The 
following named lectures are those upon which his reputation was 
established : " Orders of Nobility " ; " Social Forces " ; " Modem 
Chivalry " ; " Building and Being " ; ■ The Old and the New " ; " The 
I Roll of Honor " ; " Man and His Work " ; " Woman and Her Work " ; 

" The People " ; « The Age of Iron " ; " Europe and America " ; 
" John Hampden, or the Progress of Popular Liberty " ; " Columbus," 
and "Franklin." At a time Mr. Chapin was asked what he lectured 
for, and he replied, " For f-a-m-e — fifty and my expenses." 
But this was in the early days of the Lyceum ; later his prices 
reached the highest figures paid for lectures. The most popular of 
these lectures were doubtless delivered upon three or four hundred 
different platforms. 

128 Rev. Edwin H. Chapin. [April, 

Although Dr. Chapin was connected with every charitable insti- 
tution identified with the Universalist Church, the Chapin Home 
for the Aged and Infirm was the most intimately connected with the 
dead clergyman's work and with the Church of the Divine Paternity. 
The fund with which the Home was established was raised for a 
memorial of Dr. Chapin by different members of his congregation. 
The Home was incorporated on the 1st of May, 18 69. The Board 
of Trustees was composed of ladies of Dr. Chapin's church. Xo 
candidate for admission to the Home is refused admission on account 
of creed or culor. Both sexes are admitted, but the applicants must 
not be less than sixty-five years old. The institution owns its build- 
ing on Sixty-sixth Street, near Lexington Avenue, which cost 
$83,000 to erect, and other property of income-bearing value. 

Dr. Chapin was a great lover of books. The choice things in old 
timed or recent literature were sure to be sought out by him. His 
library, after his decease, was sold, and its catalogue revealed a store- 
house of literary treasures. Rarely has the sale of a private library 
attracted more general attention. 

In addition to pulpit labors, pastoral obligations and the lecture 
platform, he was an author of works of more than ordinary value. 
These included several volumes of sermons, and works entitled : 
"Duties of Young Men," "Duties of Young Women," "Characters 
in the Gospel," 'Hours of Communion," "Crown of Thorns," "The 
Beatitudes," " Moral Aspects of City Life," " Humanity in the City," 
" True Manliness," '* A Token for the Sorrowing," " Discourses on 
the Book of Proverbs," ' r Discourses on the Lord's Prayer," " Extem- 
poraneous Discourses," "Lessons of Faith and Life," "Living 
Words," and "Providence and Life." These volumes have had ex- 
tensive sale, and the writer, though dead, through these is still 
speaking words of love, light and hope. 

In 1856 Harvard University conferred upon him the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity, and in 1878 Tufts College the degree of Doctor 
of Laws. 

Mr. Chapin, ever serious in his address, manner and life, yet was 
a man who loved wit, and himself was a wit of no mean repute. 
Henry Ward Beecher said " his wit flashed like the spokes of a wheel 
in the sun." From his biography we quote several witticisms. 
"In the midst of an out-door speech at College Hill, on an occasion, 
as the cars of the Lowell Railroad went thundering by only a few 
rods from him, and confused alike speaker and hearer, he instantly 
observed, "It is difficult to conduct a train of cars and a train of 
remarks at the same time. It is a train of circumstances unfavorable 
to a train of thought." 

Limping along the street by aid of a cane, and suffering a twinge 
at every step from a rheumatic foot, he was met by one w T ho sought 
to engage him in a religious conversation, and led off by asking him 
if Universalis^ did not believe that people got their punishment as 

1884.] Rev. Edwin II. Chapin. 129 

they went along. "Yes, that's my case exactly," said he, and hob- 
bled away, leaving the inquirer to ponder on the wisdom of the 

Sitting down one day on Rev. Dr. Emerson's stove-pipe hat, he 
instantly rose and passed the crumpled thing to its owner, saying, 
n You ought to thank me for that, for your hat was only silk, but 
now it is sat-in" 

The pulpit was Chapin's real throne ; thus truly says his biographer. 
E Great as were his lectures, and oratorical efforts upon the platform, 

yet in his pulpit before his own people, speaking upon the great 
themes of duty, life, immortality and destiny, his large nature and 
gifted powers surpassed. Rev. I. M. Atwood, D.D., of Canton 
Theological School, Canton, Xew York, says: "For while we do 
not claim the highest place among the great for Dr. Chapin, his fame 
makes it idle for any one to deny him an eminent place. He was 
not a great originator, like Augustine or the Elder Ballou ; nor a 
great scholar, like Origen or Cudworth ; nor a great thinker, like 
Jonathan Edwards or Horace Bushnell ; nor a great organizer, like 
Wesley ; nor a great agitator, like Theodore Parker. Dr. Chapin 
was a great preacher. He belongs to the same range .with Chry- 
sostom, Bourdaloue, Bossuet, Whitefield, Chalmers, Beecher — 
the great pulpit orators of the world. In some particulars it is 
probable every one of these surpassed him. It is not an extravagant 
supposition that in some particulars he was their superior." And in 
comparing him with the acknowledged masters of eloquence in our 
generation, he further says : n Certain it is that on every platform, 
after all the oratorical princes had competed for the crown and Chapin 
was summoned, there never was any dispute as to who was king. 
In uplifting, thrilling, overpowering, unreportable eloquence, he left 
all contemporaries far behind him." 

The health of Mr. Chapin was declining for some years, and it 
was becoming apparent that he was slowly failing under the burden 
of his labors and advancing disease. A generous people gave him 
opportunities of rest and travel in Europe, hoping to stay the 
, progress of his complaints. But the offers of friendship, change of 

air or skill of physician availed little, and after months of steady de- 
cline he died December 26, 1880. 

Mr. Chapin married in Utica, N. Y., October 15, 1838, Miss 
Hannah Newland, who only survived him seven months, dying July 
22, 1881. Three children, Frederick H. Chapin, Sidney H. Cha- 
pin, M.D., and Mrs. Marion G. Davison, and five grandchildren, are 
now living. 

The biography of Dr. Chapin was prepared in the autumn of 1882, 
by Rev. Sumner Ellis, D.D., of Chicago, and was noticed in the 
Register, Volume xxxvii. p. 420. It was published by the Univer- 
salist Publishing House, Boston, to which we are greatly indebted 

130 Rev. Edwin H. Chapin. [April, 


for the use of the excellent portrait of Dr. Chapin. This biography, 
in our notice of it, is characterized "as a model of its kind. It is a 
worthy tribute to the memory of him whose earnestness and eloquence 
went far to mould and fashion the thought and life of to-day." 

The last services and tributes over the remains of Dr. Chapin were 
simple, appropriate and touching. Evidences came from every side 
of the fraternal spirit cherished towards him by all, irrespective of 
creed or denomination. The secular press over the world, not limited 
to the English speaking nations, were hearty in according him a 
foremost place in the realm of oratory. His funeral took place 
December 30th, at the Church of the Divine Paternitv. The brief 
services at his residence were conducted by his friend Rev. C. H. Fay. 
The services at the church were in charge of Rev. James M. Pull- 
man, D.D., for many years closely associated with him as a neigh- 
boring pastor of the same denomination. The opening prayer was 
offered by Rev. Elmer Hewitt Capen, D.D., President of Tufts 
College, and remarks of a consolatory and eulogistic nature were 
made by the Revs. Robert Collyer, Henry AYard Beecher, Thomas 
Armitage, and Rev. Dr. Pullman, who also closed the service with 
prayer. The remains were then borne to their last resting place in 
Greenwood, the beautiful city of the dead. 

Memorial services were held in Boston, Charlestown, Cambridge- 
port, and other places, while there was scarcely a preacher in all the 
churches of New York and Boston who did not make allusion to the 
departure of this strong Christian orator. In Boston, a special ser- 
vice took place at the Columbus Avenue Universalist Church, Rev. 
Dr. A. A. Miner, pastor, which was very largely attended by old 
time parishioners and persons drawn by their love and admiration of 
the man, preacher and orator. The addresses upon this occasion 
were by Revs. Thomas J. Sawyer, S.T.D. ; Charles Follen Lee; 
his Excellency, John D. Long, Governor ; his Honor, Frederick O. 
Prince, Mayor of Boston, and the Rev. A. A. Miner, his successor 
as pastor of the Church. 

The press was generous in all its notices. The same columns 
usually filled with secular matters spoke praises for the dead orator 
and preacher. The Brooklyn Times said, ! 'His pure and classic 
eloquence and the solid erudition and logical clearness of mind 
placed him in the high rank among metropolitan preachers." The 
New York Tribune said, "His intellectual qualities were of a high 
order. His sermons were satisfying in substance as well as singularly 
fine in rhetoric. Probably no one ever heard him preach without 
carrying away in his memory some beautiful thought in a golden 
setting of words." The New York Times spoke thus: "As a 
preacher, Dr. Chapin was ripe, scholarly, eloquent. His sermons, 
while abounding in original thought, were polished to the last degree, 
and in language as in sentiment were models of elegant and perspio 


1884.] Genealogical Research in Boston and London, 131 

nous English." The Brooklyn Eagle voiced truthful words : " The 
American pulpit never possessed a sturdier brain, nor a more expan- 
sive catholic heart, than the brain and heart whose mortal record 
ended when Edwin H. Chapin died." 

This brief sketch gives but a glimpse of a most noble career, whose 
every power was consecrated to the enlarging of the kingdom of a 
Master to whose service his life was devoted. 



By John T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

ri^HIS paper was intended to serve as a note to the Memoir of 
JL Col. Joseph L. Chester, by John Ward Dean, A.M., in the 
Register for January, 1884, but for want of space it could not be 
printed in that number. 

'We have bere in Boston a record office which may well serve as a 
model of arrangement for other public offices. I mean the Registry of 
Probate for the County of Suffolk. Its contents, for the purpose of this 
description, may be considered as divided into four classes, the Index, the 
Docket, the Records and the Files. 

The Index contains the names of all persons whose wills have been pro- 
bated, or whose estates have been administered upon, using the word ad- 
ministration here in its broadest sense. This Index is not a mere " alpha- 
bet." It is admirably arranged according to Christian as well as surnames ; 
briefly sets forth the nature of the case (*. e. whether a testate or an intestate 
estate, guardianship, trust, etc.) ; gives the year in which the proceedings 
were begun ; and points- out the number under which the case is entered on 
the docket. Any name in it, from 1G36 down to the present year, 1881, 
can be found in an instant, as readily as in a city directory. 

Having thus, by means of the index, ascertained the docket number, we 
turn to the Docket. This is an entry book, or chronological arrangement 
of cases, 70594 in number, and gives us at a glance the titles of all the 
papers filed or recorded in each case ; the date of such filing ; and the vol- 
ume and page of the record books where such of the instruments as have 
been recorded in extenso may be found. 

The Records of the Court consist of 552 large folio volumes, having, 
some of them, more than 500 pages each. They contain, in the words of 
the statute (Pub. Stat. Ch. 156, §27), all "decrees and orders, all wills 
proved in the Court, with the probate thereof, all letters testamentary and 
of administration, all warrants, returns, reports, accounts, and bonds, and 
all other acts and proceedings required to be recorded by the rules of the 
court or by special orders of the judge." 

The Files include all the original papers, recorded or unrecorded, in each 

132 Genealogical Research in Boston and London. [April, 

case. Every paper is marked with the number of the case, and all the 
papers in each case are placed by themselves in a stout envelope, which has 
stamped upon it the number of the case, its date and the name of the party 
to whose estate it belongs. By this system it is possible to find in a mo- 
ment, not only the record of every will, but the will itself, and every paper, 
however unimportant, which has ever been filed in the Probate Office. 

It depends, of course, on the nature of a case how many papers are filed 
in it. In valuable and complicated estates, where large sums of money are 
involved, especially where the property is held for many years in trust, the 
number is naturally greater than in smaller and less important ones. It is 
not easy therefore to determine just how many documents the Probate 
Office contains, but there are probably not far from half a million. At the 
present rate of increase there will soon be a million of them. And yet any 
one of these million papers can be found in an instant, so admirable is the 
arrangement. The system is in fact much simpler than this description of 
it, and should be seen in its actual working to be understood and appreciated. 
The contrast between this office and the Principal Registry of Probate, 
London, is a painful one. There the files, or what is left of them, are in a 
state of indescribable chaos. Inventories from about 1480 to about 1720 
are all mixed up together, shovelled into boxes and stored in the cellars of 
Somerset House, in complete disorder and confusion. They cannot be con- 
sulted, and in their present condition are absolutely useless. No eye has 
for generations seen them. The index to the records, the Calendar as it 
is called, is of the most primitive description, and ought not to be tolerated 
in any public office. It is the antiquated and cumbersome " alphabet" 
which we have Ions ajro discarded here. 

I have myself had no little personal experience in England among the 
early records, and can bear witness to the disadvantages under which Col. 
Chester pursued his investigations — disadvantages which the searchers in 
our better arranged and well appointed public offices can hardly imagine. 
The wonder is that, under so many discouragements, he achieved the suc- 
cess that he did. Yet in England the prospect is steadily improving, and 
the outlook for the future is by no means disheartening. The preface to the 
Camden Society's publication entitled " Wills from Doctors' Commons," 
shows how the moderate advance made in rendering those records accessi- 
ble was attained. The bill introduced at the last session of Parliament for 
bringing all the parish registers in England up to London, and placing 
them in a central office, where they can be readily consulted, is evidence 
that public attention is being fixed upon the present unsatisfactory state of 
things. The article on " Local Public Records " in the Saturday Review 
for Feb. 10, 1883 (lv. 175), is another indication that the English antiqua- 
ries are in earnest in their efforts to break down the barriers which now so 
completely block the way of the historical investigator. 

The work of Col. Chester was essentially pioneer work. Those who are 
to follow him will have fields of research open to them and facilities afford- 
ed them which he never had. The wealth of historical and genealogical 
material lying buried in England is almost boundless, and he, with all his 
untiring energy, hardly succeeded in more than scratching the surface. 


1884.] President Wilder 's Address. 133 


Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New England Historic Genealogical 

Society, January 2, 1SS4. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Old Time hath moved his hand around the dial of another year, 
and we still live ! Many of our associates and friends have joined 
the countless throng, and passed on to enter on that life which has 
no end, but we still remain to carry on our noble work. This is 
the seventeenth time you have called me to this chair. Most grate- 
fully do I thank you for this expression of your appreciation of my 
services. I assure you again that I will bring to the discharge of 
its duties all the strength and ability that I may possess. 

Yes, we still live ! But during the past year we have been called 
on to deplore the loss of a large number of members by death ; so 
far as known, forty-one members have passed away — the largest 
number, with one exception, for the same period since the Society 
was formed. Several of them are entitled to special remembrance, 
but as the historiographer, the Rev. Dr. Tarbox, will report so fully 
on them, and as appropriate action has been taken by the Society, 
there is no further need of comment by me. 1 desire, however, to 
repeat the names of a few of those who have stood prominently 
before the public as interested in our work, or as benefactors in 
our land. 

The Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., Vice President of this 
Society, and Ex-Governor of Maine, one of a very remarkable 
family. Several of his brotherj have been distinguished in other 
States and in national affairs. The Hon. Marshall Jewell, Vice 
President of this Society, ex-Governor of Connecticut, ex-Post- 
master General of the United States, and Ambassador to Russia; 
from a distinguished family of Xew Hampshire, one of whose sons 
was our deceased member, Harvev Jewell. The Hon. Paul 
A. Chadbourne, D.D., LL.D., President of the Massachusetts 
Agricultural College, ex-President of Williams College and of the 
University of Minnesota ; a very remarkable man, distinguished for 
his enterprise, energy, learning and well balanced mind. The 
Hon. Peter Cooper, the world-wide renowned philanthropist, and 
founder of the Cooper Institute of New York. The Hon. George 
Washington Warren, ex-President of the Bunker Hill Monument 
Association. Nathaniel Thayer, Esq., a generous benefactor to 
this Society and many institutions of this State ; for his princely 
gift of a quarter of a million of dollars to Harvard University, he 
is conspicuous. The Hon. John Dennison Baldwin, a diligent 
6tudent of* history, who has written much on the antiquities of this 
vol. xxxvin. 13 

134 President Wilder *s Address. [April, 

country. Dr. George William Bagby, of Richmond, Va., a man of 
literary activity and successful life. Hugh Montgomery, Esq., of 
Boston, and Williams Latham, Esq., of Bridgewater, both members 
of the legal profession, the latter of whom has spent many years in 
gathering materials illustrating the history of his native town of 
Bridgewater, upon which subject he has long been an authority. 

The average age of life of our deceased members for the last year 
has been 71 years, 5 months and 29 days, being a longer term of life 
than that allotted by Scripture to mankind. This average seems to 
increase, thus giving us some hope that although our association is 
not a life insurance company, an interest with us in the objects of our 
Society may tend rather to lengthen than to shorten our time on earth. 

Thus year by year our members pass away. We shall soon fol- 
low. This is the lot of all sublunary things. Therefore, let us be 
consoled with the reflection that there is a higher life, to which we 
may aspire when our pilgrimage on earth is ended. 

As blossoms close with close of day, 
To ope again with morning ray. 
So we shall sleep like nature's flowers, 
To wake again with nobler powers. 
Shall wake ! Shall rise ! to sleep no more. 

So o'er life's sea we'll safely glide, 
With Christ as guardian and our guide. 
We'll spread our sails still more and more, 
Until we reach that blissful shore 
Where friends shall meet, to part no more. 

It gives me great pleasure to state, that the third volume of the 
series containing biographies of deceased members is completed, and 
ready for distribution. It contains memorial sketches of thirty- 
nine deceased members, making in the three volumes, sketches of 
one hundred and twenty-seven members, taken in the order of their 
decease. These memoirs have been prepared with great care by 
competent persons, among whom are found some of the most dis- 
tinguished writers of our day; and I here desire, in behalf of this 
Society, to present to the committee who have had charge of 
brinmn^ forth these volumes, our grateful acknowledgments for' the 
gratuitous and able service which they have rendered. 

The fourth volume is now in course of preparation ; and so from 
year to year the work will go on, to form a biographical dictionary 
of our members, to embalm the memory, not of a single class, 
but of all who have in any way been useful in promoting the 
interests of this Society, or the happiness of their fellow-men. 
It is a noble work, replete with historic and biographic lore, of 
constantly increasing value, and its examples cannot fail to inspire 
the heart of succeeding generations to imitate them. 

The reports of the various departments which are to be submitted 
to-day inspire us with renewed confidence in the usefulness and pros- 
perity of our association. We surely have cause for rejoicing in 

1884.] President Wilder s Address. 135 

what has already been accomplished. The constant increase of mem- 
bers, the large accessions to our library, and the receipts of money 
in aid of our fund, afford substantial evidence of the sympathy felt 
for its welfare. 

Our financial affairs, under the discreet supervision of our treasurer 
and finance committee, were never in abetter condition. The inter- 
ests and dividends on its securities have been promptly paid. Dur- 
ing the past year we have received $3000 from the legacy of Mrs. 
Russell, a legacy of $500 from Hugh Montgomery, and ere long 
we are to receive $1000 from the bequest of Williams Latham, of 
Brid^ewater, lately deceased. Other smaller amounts have been 
received for special purposes, and considerable sums have been pro- 
mised for the enlargement of our House. Xor should we forget 
the noble bequest of Joseph J. Cooke of five thousand dollars in 
books from his library. 

For all these manifestations of interest in our work we are most 
sincerely grateful, and we welcome them as harbingers of that day, 
not far distant, when the annual bequests and donations will be 
ample for the vigorous and perpetual prosecution of our work. 
But let our friends not wait ; let them give of their abundance 
while they live, and thus share with us in the harvest which they 
have sown. And we should not disguise the fact that we must 
have immediate funds for the enlargement of our House, the safety 
of our Library, and the convenience of our members and those 
students of history who are constantly visiting our rooms. 

For the last few years I have spoken to you of the growing neces- 
sity of enlarged accommodations for our library. With the return 
of almost every day we find this need more and more imperative. 
Indeed it must be supplied immediately, or the usefulness of the 
Society will in a measure be retarded. 

We must have money for the enlargement of our House, and 
some liberal amounts have been subscribed for this purpose. But I 
fondly anticipated that, ere this, some generous member of our large 
association would have volunteered to give us the necessary funds 
for this enlargement, the structure to be called by his name, and be 
a memorial to other generations of his interest in our work. This 
hope is not yet abandoned, but, should it not soon be realized, meas- 
ures must be taken to secure the money by solicitation of subscrip- 
tions from liberal gentlemen, of whom we have many. 

The library 6teadily increases. The addition to the number of 
books for its shelves this year is larger than usual ; but this has been 
chiefly by donations. xVdditional funds are wanted for buying books 
which are needed by our readers, but which cannot be obtained ex- 
cept by purchase. The library is also every year more and more 
consulted, not only by members, but by visitors from the West and 
South, and even from the Pacific coast. It now numbers nearly 
nineteen thousand volumes, and more than fifty thousand pamphlets. 

136 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

The bequest of the late Joseph J. Cooke, Esq., of Providence, which 
will be reported upon by the committee in charge of the matter, has 
added many books in American and English topography and history, 
which we would not have been likely to obtain otherwise, and which 
will be of great service to us. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register issued by 
the Society enters this month upon the thirty-eighth year of its ex- 
istence, and is by far the oldest historical periodical in the country. 

I would recommend to members of this Societv not onlv that tliev 

j j j 

subscribe themselves, but that they call the attention of their friends 
who feel an interest in preserving the early history of our country, 
to its merits. The late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., 
whose opinion in such matters carries great weight, uses this lan- 
guage : x There are no books in mv library that I would not sooner 
part with than my set of the Register." Two series of articles, com- 
menced in it the last year, are of particular value, namely, the com- 
munications of Mr. Waters, giving the results of his genealogical 
researches, and the articles by the Rev. George M. Bodge on the 
Soldiers of King Philip's War, a subject on which, hitherto, it has 
been difficult to obtain information. Let it not be forgotten, that 
by patronizing the Register, by paying the small sum of its yearly 
cost, you aid in making it possible to put into permanent form most 
valuable and important information relating to New England family 
and local history. 

At the annual meeting held three vears ago, I called your atten- 
tion to the first volume of Suffolk Deeds, which had then just been 
printed by order of the Board of Aldermen of the City of Boston 
acting as County Commissioners for the county of Suffolk. In re- 
sponse to another petition of the members of the Suffolk Bar, the 
Commissioners last year ordered the printing of the second volume 
of these records. The book is now ready for distribution, and is, 
like the first, a monument to the skill and patience of our fellow 
member Mr. William B. Trask, who transcribed the original for the 
printer and on whom the great labor of carrying the work through 
the press devolved. The excellent index by which its contents are 
made easily accessible to the reader was prepared by still another 
member, Mr. John T. Hassam. The value of these volumes to the 
antiquary and to the historical investigator, as well as to the con- 
veyancer, can hardly be exaggerated. 

But that which will render this past year memorable in the 
annals of this Society is the setting on foot of what may be justly 
called a most interesting historical mission. I refer to the thorough 
investigations now making in England by Mr. Henry F. Waters, 
under the auspices of this Society. It is a new departure in historical 
research, and deserves and should have the cordial support, not only 
of every member of the Society, but of all others who can appreciate 
the importance of the work. The success that has attended the efforts 


1884.] President Wilder s Address. 137 

of iSIr. Waters, ample evidence of which is afforded by his valuable 
contributions to the Register, cannot fail to open the eyes of 
people in this country to the possibilities that lie before us. The 
accumulation of historical and genealogical material in England is 
little dreamed of here, and the thorough system adopted by Mr. 
Waters, will enable him to bring to light what has escaped the 
notice of all previous investigators. The subscriptions so far made 
to the fund are large enough to ensure the beginning of this great 
work, but to carry it on properly more money is needed. I commend 
this most deserving project to the members of the Society. 

The department of local and family history in which our Society 
has been so deeply interested has become very rich in its acquisitions, 
and is so rapidly increasing as to demand special attention with 
better accommodations for those who may wish to consult our books. 

Everv monthlv meeting furnishes evidence of increased interest 
by donations of this class and other rare and valuable books. We 
give a most hearty welcome to these accessions, and are very grate- 
ful for them. 

Our library is a great depository for local and family history. 
This is its grand work, and we must provide not only for the present 
exigency, but for all other historical works which may be given us 
in the future. 

The increase in number and the improvement in character of our 
town and family histories is verv great. The interest in this line of 
research is rapidly increasing throughout our country, and affords 
us the most gratifying evidence that the seed sown by this Society 
has taken root and is producing bountiful harvests ; and in this de- 
partment of genealogical and local research we think we can see 
that there has been an influence reflected from these shores on the 
Old World. A late Scottish newspaper, the North British Mail, 
of Glasgow, refers to the development of local history in Great 
Britain : ' We have had frequent occasions of late to call atten- 
tion to the fact, both in Scotland and England, people are beginning 
to realize that national history is made up of local history, so that 
we are getting a rich harvest of town and family history which 
surprises its readers with the long push forward it gives them in 
understanding their country." The same paper remarks: "In the 
department of family history the Yankees excel us, especially in the 
external splendor with which many of their books are got up." 

Thirty years ago, the late American genealogist, Mr. Horatio G. 
Somerby, who had then been several years engaged in investigating 
in England the pedigrees of American families, informed a friend of 
mine that he found among the mercantile, and to a surprising ex- 
tent among the professional people whom he met, a great indifference 
in regard to their ancestry, except in cases where these persons hap- 
pened to belong to families whose pedigrees are recorded in the 
visitations and peerages. Now many such persons have their pedi- 
VOL. xxxviii. 13* 

138 President Wilder s Address. [April, 

grees collected and printed, though not with the thoroughness with 
which genealogies are compiled in this country. 

The past year, like some of its predecessors, has been remarkable 
for centennial celebrations of important events in the history of our 
nation, and the progress of science and civilization on this continent. 
Several of these have occurred in this city, and have assumed 
such importance, as to be worthy of mention in the records of 
this Society. As your representative I have attended several of 
them, among which may be named the celebration of Washington's 
Birthday by the Webster Historical Society in the Old South Church, 
with an oration by the Hon. George B. Loring, on which occasion I 
had the honor to preside; the Opening of the Foreign Exhibition, 
under the auspices of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Asso- 
ciation ; the American Exposition of our own products by the 
New Enirland Manufacturers and Mechanics Institute ; and the De- 
dication of the splendid temple of the Harvard Medical School, with 
an oration by Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

The Foreign Exhibition was inaugurated Sept. 3, 1883, in the 
presence of a large concourse of people, including distinguished repre- 
sentatives from our own and other countries. This was exclusively 
devoted to the arts and manufactures of foreign lands, and in com- 
memoration of the signing of the treaty of peace between Great 
Britain and the United States on that day a hundred years ago, — 
a day which closed the great drama of the American Revolution, and 
gave to the arts of peace a progressive and independent nation. 
In this Exhibition of products forty-nine Foreign States were repre- 

No celebration could have been more appropriate, bringing to- 
gether in this city, where the Revolution was commenced, the 
products of the arts and industries of other nations ; and, better 
than all this, representatives in person, to rejoice with us in the 
harvest we are reaping from the issues of that memorable day. And 
what added much to the dignity and interest of the occasion, was 
the presence of John Jay, Charles Francis Adams, Jr., Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth (Duane) Gillespie, lineal descendants of John Jay, John 
Adams, and Benjamin Franklin, who, on the part of our nation, 
affixed their seal and names to that memorable paper, that shall con- 
stitute one of the golden pages in the annals of human welfare. 

The American Exposition, not the least in importance, was 
an exhibition of American products by the New England 
Manufacturers and Mechanics Institute, which was opened on the 
5th of September. It was an imposing demonstration, attended 
with civic and military display, and dignitaries and delegates from 
various states of our union. This was devoted to the products 
of our soil, and devices of American ingenuity fabricated by 
American labor. This, with the Foreign Exhibition, held at 
the same time, afforded an opportunity of comparing the products 
of the old and new worlds not often presented. 


1884.] President Wilder 's Address. 139 

The celebrations, in addition to those before named, were those 
held on the opening of the Suspension Bridge between Brooklyn 
and New York ; the Completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad ; 
the Centennial anniversary at Newburgh, N. Y., of the Disband- 
ment of the American Army, Oct. 18, 1783; the Evacuation of 
New York by the British troops, Nov. 2Q, 1783, on which occasion 
a statue of Washington, on the steps of the sub-treasury building, 
was unveiled, on the spot, as President Arthur said, " where the 
first President of this Republic took the oath to preserve, protect 
and defend the constitution." 

One of the most notable of these occasions was the completion and 
opening of the immense Suspension Bridge, between the cities of New 
York and Brooklyn, on the 24th of May, thus welding together 
these two great communities more strongly than ever, with nerves of 
steel, cables of iron, and the golden links of intercourse, in a common 
welfare and destiny. Thus was welcomed, by the acclamations of 
hundreds of thousands, the largest bridge of the kind in the 
world, built on a rock, rearing its massive pillars heavenward, 
in monumental grandeur, and spanning high in air with triumphal 
arch the broad and watery abyss below, bidding defiance to storm 
and tide. 

Another great event of the past year was the driving of the golden 
spike that completed the Northern Pacific Railroad, on the 8th day 
of September, thus opening another great highway across our con- 
tinent, for Europe and Asia ; a conquest for new lines of commerce 
and industry, and for the development of the vast resources of the 
great Northwest of America. This is the longest trunk railroad 
owned by any single corporation in the world ; and though far to 
the North, it is expected to be comparatively free from the em- 
barrassments of snow, and the shortest route to the Pacific. My 
feeble pen fails to describe the possible and probable benefits which 
may arise in the future from these facilities of frequent intercourse 
with our own and other peoples of the world. In the words of ex- 
president Billings, "But never one, which had more work and faith 
behind ; never one, which had a greater future before it." 

The extent of the railroad business in our day is something startling. 
It is estimated that the gross annual receipts of all the railroads in 
the United States are nearly eight hundred millions of dollars, being 
on our present population an average of fourteen dollars for every 
man, woman and child ; that these roads are one hundred and 
twenty thousand miles long, a greater extent than all the railroads 
of Europe combined ; and that ere five years shall have elapsed, our 
mileage will be as great as that of all the rest of the world put 

The recent equalization of time throughout the United States, 
which went into operation on the 18th day of November, 1883, 
happily and quietly inaugurated, will not only be of great conven- 


140 President Wilder's Address, [April, 

ience to the travelling public, but eminently so to numerous other 
scientific and practical workers. 

The Railroad is the great developer and civilizer of the present 
age ; the most potent agency for the development and distribution 
of the industries of the world, and intercourse between mankind; 
the harbinger of peace and prosperity, merging, as it does, the wealth 
and capital of nations and individuals together, in a common interest 
for the welfare of all. Thus has our nation been blest, and to the 
railroad, more than any other material element, are we indebted for 
the ever increasing growth and development of the resources of 
our vast domain. 

These anniversaries and occasions are full of interest, not onlv for 
the practical good they produce in the concerns of every day life, 
but especially for their beneficent inliuence in promoting peaceful 
relations between our States and the nations of the earth. 

The most widely celebrated event of the year, has been the 
observance of the four hundredth anniversary of the birth of Martin 
Luther, on the 10th of November. No event, for many years, has 
been so generally observed throughout the Protestant world. 
Luther's career had a mighty influence on the condition of mankind ; 
it stimulated thought and gave freedom to the conscience. Luther 
was the great champion of the Reformation. His sympathies were 
with the people. He was fur the people. His steadfast faith, his 
indomitable will and dauntless courage, stirred the christian 
world to its very centre, and will continue to do so until all men 
shall become in the noblest sense "free indeed." It was Luther 
who ignited the spark of religious liberty, whose sacred flame is yet 
to illuminate the world. And what added a charm to his life, was 
his love of music and of the beautiful in nature : returning after 
the fatigues of the day to his garden, with his beloved Katrina and 
his children, he sat under the shade of the trees he had planted, and 
joined in songs of thankfulness to Him who made them all. 

The name of Luther will doubtless be revered by grateful millions 
while the earth shall bear a plant, the flower shed its fragrance on 
the air, Old Hundred ascend in praise to God, or song delight the 
human soul. 

I have often spoken to you of the extraordinary growth, resources 
and prosperity of our country, and I desire now to solicit your at- 
tention for a few moments while I speak of the reflex influences of 
the new world on the old. 

The Signing of the Compact on board of the Mayflower, although 
occasioned by circumstances which they could not control, was 
nevertheless the first formal statement in the little Pilgrim colony, 
of the principles of self-government, which were destined to grow 
and expand as years rolled on. In the colony of Massachusetts 
Bay, there was a similar progress and expansion. From a corpo- 
ration of limited powers, its colony grew into a free state with ab- 

1884.] President Wilder 's Address. 141 

solute personal rights both civil and religious. When the French 
Re volution broke out, it had before it in America examples of thir- 
teen states rising through the experience of a hundred and fifty 
years, into a strong, compacted and well settled republic. Our 
example could not be looked upon with indifference. Moreover, 
the French officers and soldiers who had served in this country 
imbibed here the spirit of liberty, and returned to their native land 
to be its apostles there. Had there been no republic in America, 
who would venture to assert that there would now be a republic in 
France, and republican tendencies throughout Europe? 

Lafayette carried in his patriot bosom the spirit of American 
liberty to his own countrymen, and ever since, till this day, they 
have been trying to follow in our track. Their excesses, distractions 
and failures, only show that the preliminary conditions of popular 
liberty, free institutions and education, which made our republic 
possible, were lacking in France. 

There are numerous tokens of the influence of our enterprise, ac- 
tivity, peculiar traits, habits and usages upon the Old World from the 
formation of our government, and whatever speculations in regard to 
its perpetuity may have been entertained, we must leave to be worked 
out in future years. It has passed through one of the greatest strains 
that any nation has ever known, and it still survives. 

Our civil war, its conduct, its close, its consequences, the 
peaceful dispersion of great armies to private life, the work of con- 
ciliation and reconstruction, the return of marvellous prosperity, the 
rapid payment of the national debt, and the surprising increase of 
population, these, all together, have challenged the respect and 
admiration of other nations. 

The opinion and attitude of our government on any subject of world- 
wide interest have a very decided influence upon the course and 
measures of other governments, in commerce, in councils, and in 
matters of war and peace. The United States of America must 
be taken into account in any great congress of the world. 

A striking recognition of the influences reflecting back from the 
New World to the Old, will appear by a reference to the dis- 
coveries, inventions and improvements of the present age, the ap- 
plication of electricity, anaesthetics, the Corliss, Harrison and 
Ericsson engines, Hoe's printing press, the agricultural machinery 
and the many other devices from the genius of our countrymen, 
which have come into general use in foreign lands, in the saving of 
labor, the relief of suffering, and the multiplication of the comforts, 
the elevation and happiness of the world. 

Every year brings more and more to view the marvellous 
results which have followed from the settlement of this country. 
We cannot say what would have been the progress of civil and 
religious freedom, the developments of science, or the progress 
of civilization and invention, had not those little bands of 

142 President Wilder *s Address. [April, 

Pilgrims and Puritans landed at Plvmouth and Salem. But we 
can say, that no event in modern political history has so greatly 
affected the governments of the world, or has had such a beneficent 
influence on the destinies of mankind. With the sailing of the 
Mayflower from Delft Haven in 1620, there arose a new star in the 
East which led the Pilgrim mariners to the Western world. No 
other star in the constellation of the heavens, if we except that which 
rested over Judea, has shone with such resplendent glory, as this 
our polar star of freedom ! the star that never sets ! 

Who shall say that but for the bold and manly spirit of Samuel 
Adams, James Otis, and Josiah Quincy, the example of Wash- 
ington, Franklin, and Lafayette, there would have been a Kossuth, 
Garabaldi, or Gambetta, proclaiming to the people of the Old World 
those heaven-born principles which have made our nation what it is ! 

Truly, our fathers planted and builded better than they knew. 
The infant child, rocked on the billows of the deep, has become 
the prime minister of the gospel of liberty, and now offers the keys 
of freedom to the nations of the earth. The tree of liberty which 
they planted has spread its branches from the Atlantic to the Pacific, 
and under its genial shadow fifty millions of happy freemen now 
rejoice in the blessings of peace, plenty and prosperity. This was an 
event which will be hallowed in the memory of the christian world, 
while a spark of freedom or good will to man shall have a place in 
the heart of mankind. 

We would not unduly exalt our nation or extol its virtues, but we 
would be grateful to the Giver of all good for the wonderful works 
which he hath wrought by her people. This is the Lord's work, and 
not our own, and it seemeth good in his sight. 

Look for instance at her institutions, her acquisitions, upon her 
discoveries in science, her inver tions in art, and the numerous bless- 
ings which have resulted from these emanations of the American 
brain, the lightning drawn from the clouds and made subservient to 
the will of man ; the mystic wire taught to speak all the languages of 
the earth ; the etherous anodyne, blotting from the memory all suffer- 
ing by the surgeon's knife, and the many ills that flesh is heir to ; the 
free school, that tree of knowledge in whose fruits are the seeds of 
equal rights, and which is yet to revolutionize the kingdoms of this 
earth ; the numerous inventions and improvements in agricultural 
machinery, without which the products of the earth could not be 
harvested ; the immense exports of our grains, cotton, and other 
products, with always a reserve in store to supply the deficiencies of 
the Old World. And were we to follow out this subject in detail, 
we should be astonished at the number of discoveries, inventions, 
and improvements which the Old World has received from the 
New ; the cotton gin, the platform balance, and the thousand other 
evidences of American genius, which are now in daily use ; and last, 
not least, the influence of Americau industries, and of our systems 

1884.] . President Wilder's Address. 143 

of education. Young men from India, China and Japan have taken 
up their abode on our soil, have enjoyed the privileges of our free 
institutions, and have returned to plant similar ones for their own 
people ; thus cultivating independent thought, and the sacred in- 
spiration which declares that all nations are made of one blood, all 
men born free and equal. 

This independence of thought in regard to civil and religious 
liberty is growing day by day in the minds of the people of the Old 

These are some of the reflex influences of our republic ; these 
are some of the beneficent achievements, the benevolent acts, which 
are casting their light far and wide, and on which other nations are 
looking with intense interest to see whether the republic is able to 
maintain its free institutions, under a government controlled by 
the people. 

Let us refer to the opinions of some of the most distinguished 
men of our age. 

When speaking of the greatness and influence of our country, with 
its aspirations, suggestions, and possibilities, Dean Stanley said : 
" It cannot be realized until touched by the actual sight of it. Then 
we feel that we are in the presence of one of those great creative 
epochs of nations, a vast and heaven-ward inspiring destiny." 

"What is America now !" said Canon Farrar of England. "A 
mighty civilization, destined, perhaps, to surpass our own, a land of 
illimitable hopes, a boundless continent ! If glorious has been our 
legacy to her, glorious too have been her gifts to us. She has given 
us a type at once of manhood, enthusiastic, practical, self-sacrificing, 
prudent and godly." 

The Kev. Dr. Parker, of London, when speaking of our country 
and its institutions and possibilities, says: " x\merica is more than 
a continent, it is a little world !" 

Matthew Arnold, who is at present in this country, when speaking 
of its influences under Puritan discipline, says: "It has become an 
incomparable and all-transforming remnant, and the common topic 
of admiration for the world." 

Mr. Gladstone says : f I am proud of America. America has a 
territory fitted to be the base of tiie largest continuous empire ever 
established by man." 

Lord Coleridge, when recently here, said : "I rejoice to see the 
independence and prosperity of your middle classes. It is not the 
immense size of your country that strikes me most. It is the big- 
ness of that sentiment which has given its best blood in vindication 
of human riirht." 

And Professor Seely, of the English Cambridge University, says : 
"The United States has solved the problem, how from a fringe of 
settlement on the Atlantic a whole continent as far as the Pacific may 
be peopled, and prosper under a united government. If the United 

144 President Wilder s Address, [April, 

States hold together for another half century, they will, at the end 
of that time, completely change the condition of such old states as 
France and Germany." 


Thus the horizon of freedom opens wider and wider, giving surer 
and surer promise of that glorious day, when the voice of peace and 
good will shall echo from mountain top to mountain top around the 

There may be seasons of political strife and misrule ; ambition 
and treachery may spread their wily nets. There may be mistakes 
in legislation, and lack of integrity in official positions, dissensions 
and outbreaks, times of doubt and despondency : but disunion will 
not an;ain rear its hydra head. The glories of our republic may be 
dimmed for a time on the page of history, but all these evils shall 
melt away like untimely frosts before the morning sun. The Amer- 
ican Union shall survive ! a glorious illustration of the capabilities 
of a people to govern themselves, owning no sovereignty but that 
of God ! 

Gentlemen, we now enter on the fortieth year of the existence 
of our Society. Did time permit, I would address you still further 
on the importance of our work, on what has already been accom- 
plished, and on the great field which it is to occupy in the future. 
Suffice it to say, that in the order of Providence it has become a 
leader in the work for which it was established. The spirit that 
animated the hearts of its founders has awakened an interest in 
local and family history never fully recognized, and our duty is to 
foster and perpetuate it. 

The study of family history, observes the Rev. Mr. Slafter, 
elevates and ennobles the nature of man, and lifts it up to a truer 
and nobler tvpe. So say we. 

To know nothing of our ancestrv or from whence we came, to 
have no reverence for the precious memories of the past or an in- 
terest in those who are to succeed us in the battle of life, is to ignore 
the elements and influences that have made us what we are, to re- 
pudiate the natural instincts and affections of the human heart, and 
to suppress the aspirations and hopes of a soul that is to course 
on though endless circles of eternity. And what more precious tes- 
timonial of your love of kindred and home can you leave, than that 
which provides for the transmission of the history of your ancestors, 
yourself and family, to future generations? And how consoling the 
thought, that when you shall have been gathered to your fathers, 
this history shall live through all coming time, as a precious inheri- 
tance to your descendants ! This is a trust that Providence has 
confided to your care ; and who so dead to sympathy and affection, 
to kindred and country, tiiat would not preserve the record of his 
ancestors, tlie place of his birth, the home of his childhood, and the 
sacred spot where repose the loved and lost ones of earth ! 
' These are the words which I spoke to you many years ago, and 

1884.] Memoir of Edmund Quincy. 145 

which I now repeat, that they may live in your memories and those 
which shall follow you when I shall have passed away. 

Great is the importance and influence of our work ; great the 
responsibility of our duty. On you, and those who are to succeed 
you, must rest its prosperity, usefulness and perpetuity. Cherish 
this Society affectionately, and support it generously. 

And now, in conclusion, let me express again my earnest prayer 
that our association may successfully fulfil its benevolent mission, 
treasuring up the history of the past, binding ancestry and posterity 
together to the latest generations, even until the histories of this 
world shall have blended with the histories of the future. 

Manfully, manfully, let us press on, 
Filling up time with duties "well done, 
Patiently, trustingly, without a fear, 
Joyfully, joyfully, while we stay here. 


By the late Eliza Susan Quincy, of Quincy, Mass. 

[In presenting to the readers of the Register the following ar- 
ticle, the last literary production of its author, we take occasion to 
transfer to our pages a just and touching tribute to her memory, 
written by her sister, Mrs. Waterston, of Boston, and printed by 
the family for distribution among friends : 

Eliza Susan Quincy, 
Daughter of the late President Quincy. 

The life of this lady covers a period of nearly eighty-six years. She was 
born on the 15th day of March, 1798, in the mansion of her grandmother, 
the widow of Josiah Quincy, Jr., of Revolutionary memory, which stood 
in Pearl Street, Boston, and she passed away on the evening of Jan. 17, 
1884, from the ancestral home of her family at Quincy, Massachusetts, in 
the room whence her great-grandfather, Josiah Quincy, departed on the 
3d of March, 1784, a century having spanned the period between the two 
events. In Boston and Quincy the interests of Miss Quincy's life centred, 
including the episode of seventeen years' residence at Cambridge, while her 
father was president of Harvard College. Such a life may appear monot- 
onous in the restless and changing currents of existence to-day, but Miss 
Quincy's experience was full and varied. Her intense interest in the histori- 
cal past of her native New England, and of the family of which she was 
a member, her wonderfully retentive memory, her thorough knowledge of 
facts and dates, her indomitable perseverance and self-renouncing devotion 
as the principal assistant of her father in all his work, literary and other- 
wise, made her career a marked one. During her father's long public life 
she was brought into contact with many remarkable people and had much 
experience of society, as society was then constituted. Miss Quincy never 


146 Memoir of Edmund Quincy, [April, 

came before the public as an authoress, but the large number of her private 
manuscripts, as well as various papers furnished to historical societies, might 
fill several volumes. In 1861 she edited the autobiography of her mother, 
Mrs. Eliza Susan (Morton) Quincy, which was printed for private circula- 
tion. Miss Quincy had also many correspondents at home and abroad, 
among whom were eminent literary and scientific persons, and her kind- 
ness and charity were yet more widely extended. A natural gift for draw- 
ing was early developed, and many proofs exist of her talent and tireless 
industry in that department of art. As the eldest child of her father's 
family she was the constant and trusted companion of her parents, and to 
the younger children a truly disinterested and affectionate sister. This ten- 
derness of her nature extended itself to the young people of two succeeding 
generations. With her departs out of daily life one long known and well 
loved. She retained her vigorous intellect and unfailing memorv to the 
last hour of her long life. That life in itself is a well-tilled volume, with- 
out one line we can wish to blot ; a fit record to be left on earth, and to 
" follow her up to joy and peace forever." 

The manuscript was accompanied by a letter dated December 29, 
1883. In less than three weeks, and before her article was in type, 
the author had passed from earth. — Editor.] 

Edmund Quincy, of Braintree, Mass. (1681 — 1738), was the 
fourth of his name in direct succession. His grandfather, an emi- 
grant from England, was born in 1602, the son of Edmund 
Quincy of Wigsthorp, a landholder in Northamptonshire in Eng- 
land, who married Ann Palmer in 1593, and gave to his eldest son 
Edmund an estate at Achurch, where he resided, and in 1623 mar- 
ried Judith Pares. Their daughter Judith was baptized at Achurch, 
September, 1626, and in 1627, according to the records of the 
church, a child was baptized elsewhere and not in the parish church. 
This singular entry proves that Edmund Quincy had become a 

In 1628 he came to Massachusetts. Here he formed a partner- 
ship with William Coddington, and they bought the planting ground 
of the Sachem of the Massachusetts Indians. This purchase is con- 
firmed by an Indian deed, yet extant,* by which Wampatuck, the 
son of "Chickatabot, sold, in 165o, lands in Braintree to Thomas 
Faxon and others, excepting Mr. Coddington's farm, Mr. Quincy's 
farm, and others, which lands were purchased by the said men of 
his predecessors, which the said Wampatuck does hereby confirm." 

Edmund Quincy went to England, and returned to Boston with his 
wife and two children, September 4, 1633, in the ship Griffin, which 
brought the Rev. John Cotton, Mr. Haynes, and many other men of 
good estate. His name and that of Judith his wife are inserted on 
the records of the First Church in Boston, November, 1633, Nos. 
79 and 80, and afterwards the names of six of his servants are, as 
such, inserted on the same records. 

* The deed now, in 1883, is in the possession of the town of Braintree. 

1884.] Memoir of Edmund Quincy. 147 

On the 14th of May, 1634, Edmund Quincy was elected one of 
the first representatives of the town of Boston in the General Court 
of the Province, and on the 10th of the ninth month, 1634, he was 
appointed first on a committee by the town of Boston, to assess a 
tax of 9s. 3d. to Mr. Blackstone "to purchase his rights to the 
peninsula of Shawmut." On the 14th of the tenth month, 1635, 
a committee was appointed to bound out farms at Mount Wollas- 
ton, then a part of Boston, to Mr* W. Coddington and Mr. 
Edmund Quincy. On the 14th of the first month, called March, 
1636, the committee report the bounds they have assigned to them. 

This grant at the Mt. Wollaston plantation comprehended several 
thousand acres, including the planting ground of Chickatabot, 
cleared of trees, and suitable to agriculture or pasturage, and also 
the peninsula now called Germantown, with a harbor adapted for 
ship-building, at the mouth of Weymouth River. 

They took possession of their lands and built their houses on the 
banks of a brook which falls into the bay north of Mt. Wollaston, 
then a part of Boston. 

The house erected by Edmund Quincy was of one story with a 
large attic, a plan frequently followed at that time. On the right of 
the entrance the door opens into a room twelve or thirteen feet 
square and seven feet high, with four windows and a fire-place in 
the corner. A carved cornice of wood round the ceiling proves that 
it was the residence of the owner. 

The rest of the house was divided into a number of apartments 
with flues leading to the chimney in the centre, beside which a stair- 
case ascended to the attic. It was situated on a large brook and 
near a pond of fresh water and a fine spring. It was protected on 
the east by Mt. Wollaston, and commanded an extensive view to- 
wards the west. The house is yet standing in good preservation in 

Mr. Coddin^ton's house was situated on elevated ground on the 
other side of the brook. The cellar was visible in 1880. 

The exact date of Edmund Quincy 's death in 1635, at the age of 
thirty-three years, or its cause, is not known. It must have been 
hard to depart at the threshold of a great enterprise, leaving a wid- 
ow and two children in the wilderness.* In 1636, the grant at Mt. 
Wollaston, then a part of Boston, for Braintree was not incorporated 
till 1640, was divided between Mr. Coddington and the heirs of 
Edmund Quincy. Mr. Coddington had the eastern portion of the 
grant and Mt. Wollaston. He became engaged in the Antinomian 
controversies of the day, and on his removal to Rhode Island in 
1638, he sold his Mt. Wollaston estate to Edward Tyng, and gave 
the rest of his lands to the town of Braintree. 

•The wild state of the country at this time Is evident from the fact that the graves in the 
ancient burial ground at Braintree are defended from the wolves by large stones , and in 
a diary of the period it is stated that the woods swarmed with bears. 

148 Memoir of Edmund Quincy. [April, 

The records of the town and First Church of Boston for a long 
time were the only sources of information relative to the emigra- 
tion of Edmund Quincy, but in 1832 a rough autograph draught of 
the letter here inserted, written on a half sheet of letter paper, which 
had been given by one of his family to the Rev. Mr. Burroughs, of 
New Hampshire, was then given by him to President J. Q. 
Adams, whom he accidentally met at an evening party. It is from 
Edmuud Quincy, grandson of the emigrant, to his relations in Eng- 
land : 

Braintree in New England 
To Mr. John Quincy. December 29 th , 1712. 

Loving Cousin 
and dear friends unknown. 

This comes per the Chester Man of "War, (Captain Thomas Mathews 
commander and Convoy to the Mast Ships) to bring you after a long in- 
terval of time, the freshest tidings from your relations in this country, who 
are to you, as you to us, personally unknown. About the year 1078 my 
father received his last letters from his uncle Thomas Quincy dated from 
Harrold in Bedfordshire — as also did my brother Daniel Quincy who was 
some time before in London and other places among his relations, and I 
suppose known to some of you. The sight of these letters with many oth- 
ers preceding have informed me of your and our family then living in or 
near your shire — and that my Grandfather had three brothers, to wit, Fran- 
cis, John and Thomas and three sisters. That in the year 1663 there was 
living only one brother Thomas, and the three sisters aforenamed, and after- 
wards in 1676 but two sisters were alive and the aforenamed brother Tho- 
mas, who also had one son namely John Quincy, and one cousin of the 
same name supposed to be son of Francis aforenamed, who was said to live 
at a place called Achurch in a house that was my Grandfathers. Moreover 
that John Quincy's children then lived at a place called Wigsthorpe and 
were seven or eisrht in number. 

This is a short account of what I know concerning your family in Old 
England, what I thought proper to my letter. I shall add as short a one 
concerning a branch of the same family in New England and it is as 

My Grandfather came over here in the year 1628, brought with him one 
son and one daughter. The son was my father, who bore his father's name, 
as I bear his. lie had by a first wife many children, sons and daughters, 
one of whom was Daniel before named, who is deceased leaving behind 
him a son and daughter. The son's name is John — a man grown and liv- 
mg in our town. The rest of the aforenamed children are all dead except 
one daughter named Ruth who lives near us. By a second wife my father's 
children were three — viz. two sons and a daughter. The daughter is liv- 
ing, one son died young, — the other is myself who am a married man, and 
live where my grandfather was first seated after his arrival in Boston, and 
where also my father lived and died, being about ten miles from Boston, 
the Metropolis of our country, and have at the writing hereof (thanks be 
to God) two sons and three daughters, all young, who with myself and the 
rest of our family living near us are in good health, and desire the accept- 
ance ot our love and service we hereby send you, wishing you with all our 
hearts the best and greatest peace and happiness in your remote country, — 
and at length eternal rest in a better. 

1884.] Memoir of Edmund Quincy, 149 

I design by this to get acquaintance with the family of my father, whose 
good and welfare I earnestly desire, wish for and long to hear of. If any 
of them be living and deem it worth their care to answer these lines and 
hear from us by this way, I shall accept the same and endeavor the best 
and most kind returns I can. Hoping in the mean time that this will come 
safe to hand and find you all in good health I take leave committing you to 
the protection of Almighty God, 

and am dear friends 

your affectionate Kinsman 

and humble servant, 

Edmund Quincy. 

P. S. I have sent two other letters, one to yourself and another to ano- 
ther supposed Cousin Thomas Quincy. They come in the convoy to the 
Mast Ships, Capt. Matthews commander, and are directed to be left at the 
Post Office, London, for conveyance. I shall be glad to hear from some of 
you by the first opportunity in the spring. Please to direct your letters to 
be left with John Campbell, post master in N. E. E. Q. 

Edmund Quincy, third of the name, born at Acliurch 1627, in- 
herited the western portion of the grant, which included the plant- 
ing ground of the Sachem and the peninsula of Germantown. In 
1649 he married Joanna Hoar, and resided in the house of his fa- 
ther, which remains in good preservation in 1883. It is interest- 
ins; to remember that the execution of Charles the first and the 
affairs of the conflicts of the Commonwealth, were heard as news 
and were talked over in this lonelv dwelling. His wife was sister 
of President Hoar of Harvard College and of Margaret, wife of 
Henry Flint. The children of Edmund and Joanna Quincy were, 
Daniel, born 1650, married Ann Shepard 1681 ; Mary, born 1652, 
married Ephraim Savage 1681 ; James, born 1651, married D. 
Hubbard; Elizabeth, born 1656, married Daniel Gookin; Ruth, 
married John Hunt ; and Experience, married W. Savil. 

He was an active man and became eminent in the military service 
of the colonies. He was the first major and lieut.-colonel in Brain- 
tree ; representative in 1670, '73, '75, '79. His wife died May 16, 
1680, aged 55 ; and in 1680 he sold Shed's Neck, now German- 
town, to his brother-in-law, John Hull, on condition that he paid 
each of his children a hundred pounds in 1680. He was married 
at Cambridge to Mrs. Elizabeth Gookin Eliot, daughter of Maj.- 
Gen. Daniel Gookin and widow of Rev. John Eliot, Jr., of Xonan- 
tum, the eldest son of the Rev. John Eliot, of Roxbury. He 
divided his estate into three farms, the home, middle and lower 
lurms, about 1681 ; built a farm-house on the lower farm and plant- 
ed an orchard, some of the trees of which still remain in 1883. In 
1685 he built a house of two stories nearer the brook, fronting to the 
east. In 1688 he was appointed one of the Committee of Safety 
which formed the provisional government of the colony until the 
arrival of the new charter from William and Mary. Edmund Quin- 
VOL. xxxviii. 14* 

150 Memoir of Edmund Quincy. [April, 

cy died January 8, 1698. At his funeral on the 12th of January, 
there were a troop of horse and three foot companies. His grave is 
marked by two granite stones, in which his name and arms, engraved 
on lead, were inserted. In 1775 the lead was taken and run into 
bullets to use against the British, and the monument would have 
remained unknown, but President John Adams remembered the in- 
scription, and in 1820 it was restored, engraved on a marble slab 
placed between the stones. 

In his will he bequeathed to the First Church in Braintree a silver 
cup on which the coat of arms he inherited are engraved. For a 
hundred years this coat of arms was considered a sufficient mark of 
ownership for the tomb and plate of the family. In 1883 this cup, 
with the date 1699 on its base, is in the possession of the First 
Church in Quincy, Mass. It is mentioned in Mr. Lunt's centen- 
nial discourse, September 29, 1839, in the list of a plate of the 
church, as the gift of an unknown donor. An inscription giving the 
name of Edmund Quincy as the donor was added in 1840. 

Edmund Quincy, son of the preceding, born in Braintree in 1681, 
entered Harvard College in 1695. A little manuscript book in his 
hand-writing gives a list of the books which he owned in his Sopho- 
more year — about one hundred in number, containing most of the 
Latin and some of the Greek classics, and of works on philosophy, 
logic and theology. The manuscript also contains college exercises, 
including: four Latin orations delivered at different times under the 
presidency of Increase Mather during his college course, and nu- 
merous notes of Latin disputation on philosophical questions. Jon- 
athan Belcher, Jeremiah Dummer, John Bulkley, Edmund Quincy, 
four of the class of 1699, were as distinguished characters as Xew 
England has produced.* 

It is not known where, after graduating, he pursued his studies and 
acquired the learning which fitted him to hold the important sta- 
tions conferred on him by the public. His mother died in 1700, 
and on leaving college he took possession of his father's house and 
estate, and in 1701 he married Dorothy Flint, daughter of Rev. 
Josiah Flint j- of Dorchester and Esther AVillet, daughter of Thomas 
Willet, the first mayor of Xew York. Their children were Ed- 
mund, born in 1703 ; Elizabeth, born in 1706 ; Dorothy, born in 
1708 ; Josiah, born in 1710.:f In 1705 he enlarged his father's house 
by the erection of two stories and an attic, and also two rooms ; made 
the walks and canal and planted trees which remain in good preser- 
vation in 1883. lie early received the confidence of the public, and 
he never frustrated the hopes of those who loved him. 

* Eliot's Biographical Dictionary. 

f Rev. Josiah Flint, son of Margaret Hoar and Henry Flint, born at Braintree 24 Au- 
gust, 1645; graduated at H. C. 1061 ; ordained at Dorchester 27 December, 1G71 ; died 16 
September, 1CS0, ascd 35. 

X Dorothy married Edward Jackson, of Boston ; Josiah married Hannah Sturgis, of 
Yarmouth, daughter of John Sturgis. 

1884.] Memoir of Edmund Quincy. 151 

In 1713 he was commissioned first colonel of the Suffolk regi- 
ment by Governor Dudley. In 1718 he was commissioned Judge 
of the Superior Court of Judicature by Governor Shute. He was 
re-commissioned by Governor Burnet December 16, 1728. And 
again by Governor Belcher June 21, 1733. He had an additional 
commission of the peace Quorum throughout the province. The fol- 
lowing letters were written to his daughter — the Dorothy Q. of Dr. 
Holmes's poem — while she was visiting at Springfield : 

Braintree, July 8 th , 1724. 
My Dear Daughter, 

This is to bring you the good news of my safe return home Commence- 
ment day in the evening, and finding your mother in good health. 

With this you will have from your sister Betsey the things you wrote 
for by me, and from your brother Edmund a small present. My Child 
you are peculiarly favored among your friends in these parts in having a 
good word spoken of you and good wishes made for you by everybody let 
this hint be improved only to quicken and encourage you in virtue and a 
good life. 

My love to all the family in which you are, with your Mother's and 
Grandmothers',* also, to them and you. 

I am your dear and loving father, 

E. Quincy. 

Haifa yard of muslin being too little for two head dresses, your sister 
has sent you one yard wanting half a quarter, which cost ten and sixpence 
— and the Thread (lace) cost fourteen shillings — so much I paid for and 
'tis the best thread and muslin of the price. 

Braintree, Aug. 18 th , 1724. 
My dear daughter. 

Last night I received your letters to me and vour brother and sister. 
They gave us no small pleasure in reading, — and you have got reputation 
with your Friends by having composed and penned them agreeably. Go 
on to think and speak and write so, and above all improve in the wisdom 
which is from above. I wrote you last week a few lines. I am glad to 
hear of any relief .... from lameness. 

As to the danger and to the fear of the Indians &c. I really apprehend 
none, and what you see or hear of watchings and warding* in the town need 
not teaze you at all, — but rather ease your mind and quiet your fears; for 
in such caution and care under God is your security and safety, the more 
and better established. In short according to what I know of the situation 
of your town — though a man may have been killed 20 miles off in the 
woods — this need not increase your fears, you being in the heart of a nu- 
merous people that live compact and near to other strong populous towns 
and in a watchful posture, as I said before you can't but be, humanly speak- 
ing, \ery safe, and so I would have you think yourself to be and put away 
your fears. Edmund Qcixcy. 

* Mrs. Esther Flynt, the widow of the Rev. Jo^iah Flynt of Dorchester, and daughter 
of Thomas Willet, Esq., of Rhode Island. She resided ia the family of Edmund Quincy 
till her death, A.D. 1737. 

I :■! 

152 Memoir of Edmund Quincy, [April, 

Braintree, Nov. 9 th , 1724. 
Dear Dorothy, 

'Tis now almost two months since I saw you or heard directly from 

Your sister Bettey will be married the 12 th day of this month (that is 
next Thursday night) if health permit. 

You may and ought to wish her joy and happiness in the new relation 
and condition she is entering into though you are at a great distance from 
her. We make no wedding for her but only a small entertainment on Fri- 
day for a few friends that may happen to be present. You'll hear the par- 
ticulars perhaps from your brother Edmund or Josiah after 'tis over. Your 
mother has sent you the Muslin Pattern, Thread and needles, a Knott and 
girdle the Gown and quilted coat are not sent at present your mother thinks 
you may do without the gown and if you can possibly tis best that you may 
not have too great a pack of things to briug back and besides we are apt 
to think tis best you should keep in and not expose yourself this winter 
(though you be better) lest you fall back again by catching cold. Before 
Spring you may write further if need be for a supply The silk for 
Mrs Hooker is also sent and the price is 1 . 3 . 10 being 7 s 4 d a yard 
you may acquaint her. 

Pray give my kind salutation to her and Mr Hooker with all the family 

and your mother also my regards to D r Porter and Mr Whitman if you 

see him and he inquires after me 

I am your loving father -r, ^ 

J ° Edmund Quincy. 

P. S. Since T wrote last night I received yours of Oct 8 th as also Ed- 
mund and Betty as to the things you speak of they shall be sent in due 
time they must be sent by water when a good opportunity presents when 
your quilt and gown must come also for such bulky things people on horse- 
back dout care to be troubled with. 

Dear Child Braintree May 6 th 1725 

your mother and I were not so willing to have you leave us though 
for your own good, but now are as desirous to see you here again were it 
for the best. Accept this expression as from the best of your earthly friends 
(your dear Parents) who think of you every day and hope to hear of you 
oftener than of late. 

The last of your letters I have yet received was dated March 6 th . 

I have wrote since then once or twice but know not whether they have 
come to your hand I expect a letter from you and Dr Porter every day. 

Your brother Edmund you have heard I suppose is married and I hope 
very happily and that we shall have joy and comfort in this doubled rela- 
tion to Mr Wendells family Brother Wendell and his wife from New 
York was at the wedding and have since been at our house a few days and 
are returning in a short time home by the way of Rhode Island as they 
came The new married couple are yet at their uncles house but are to live 
with brother Wendell and his wife and Miss Molly Iligginson is going 
from hence tomorrow to live with them and your mother will be destitute 
of a companion and assistant again but 1 hope will be provided for.* 

I am going on Monday next to Piscataqua to keep court at Ipswich and 
York to be absent about a fortnight. 

I am your loving father Edmund Quincy. 

• At this period excellent colored servants were employed in these families. 

1884.] Memoir of Edmund Quincy. 153 

At this period the chief communication from Boston was by water. 
Before a dam was built across the brook, boats at high tides could 
approach the house. It was unsafe to go as far inland as Milton 
Hill, for fear of the Indians, and the communication was across the 
Neponset by Penny Ferry at a point where the railroad now ter- 

Edmund Quincy appears to have been an active and influential 
member of the board of Overseers of Harvard University for twenty 
years, his name continually recurring on their records. The last 
time it occurs is on the 16th of June, 1737, when Mr. Holyoke was 
chosen president ; and the last Commencement Edmund Quincy at- 
tended was that of the same year, when his brother in law Tutor 
Flint officiated as president.* Mr. Quincy then returned to his 
house in Braintree, where he was received for the last time by his 
wife and her mother, Mrs. Esther Willet Flint, who died there 
under the care of her daughter in July, 1737. Mrs. Quincy sur- 
vived only a few weeks, dying after a short illness on the thirty- 
first of August, 1737. 

Edmund Quincy, on being asked at this time how soon he thought 
America would be dismembered from the mother country, replied 
that if the colony improved in the arts and sciences for half a cen- 
tury to come as it had for that time past, he made no doubt in that 
time it would be accomplished. The event confirms his observation.! 

In 1737 commissioners were sent by the colony of Massachu- 
setts Bay to Great Britain, to settle a controversy respecting the 
boundary line of Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Although 
the people of Massachusetts thought themselves secure of the cause, 
they deemed it prudent to send a special agent. The Qeneral As- 
sembly therefore united in electing Edmund Quincy, as a man of 
known integrity, and well acquainted with the affair in all its rela- 
tions, to represent their claims at the court of Great Britain. A 
sense of duty, which was the governing principle of his life, induced 
him to accept this important trust. An extract from the Journal of 
the House of Representatives, Province of Massachusetts Bay in 
N. E., October 25th, is here given : 

" The Honorable Edmund Quincy lately chosen one of the agents of this 
Province, and being notified thereof, came into the House and spake as 
follows : 

" Mr. Speaker : I have a grateful sense of the honor which his Excel- 
lency and this Court have done me, in appointing me one of the Agents at 
the Court of Great Britain. I am humbly sensible of my own insufficien- 
cy, and how unequal I am to the important trust hereby reposed in me. 
But having asked the best advice and deliberated (as the time would allow 
me) on the affair, and being satisfied of the clearness of my call, I dare not 

* Tntor Flint was accustomed to pass his vacations at his house, and two rooms were 
erected for his accommodation near the canal known by his name in 18»3. 
t From a letter from John Wendell, Portsmouth, N. H., Oct. 4, 1735. 


154 Memoir of Edmund Quincy. [April, 

refuse the same, and therefore in a humble dependence on the divine pre- 
sence and assistance, shall devote myself to the service of my country, and 
to the utmost of my power pursue and discharge the duty of my office.'* 

On the 20th of December following, Judge Quincy embarked with 
his son Josiah for England, " attended by Governor Belcher and other 
gentlemen below the Castle, where the cannon were discharged as 
he passed by."* He arrived in London in January, 1737-8, from 
which place he wrote these letters to his family : 

London, Jan. 18 th 1737 
Dear Son 

After being at sea 25 days we landed at Dover and from thence got 
safe here last night by the exceedingly great and remarkable goodness of 
Almighty God, who in mauy instances of our danger and distress on our 
voyage appeared graciously to overule the winds and seas which were 
boisterous though generally fair. 

I hope this will find you with my other dear children and grandchildren 
in good health both in Boston and Braintree and to each of whom give my 
best and most affectionate Parental love and regards. 

Josiah will give you the news of the Jerseys bein^ made a distinct gov- 
ernment and who is Governor and the success of Mr Daniel Russell and 
ladys appeal on the law of interest. 

We are at Mr Wilks at present where we were kindly invited last night 
and had the pleasure to sup with Mr Newman Mr Partridge and Mr Bel- 
cher, where were also Mr Byfield aud Jon a Bernard who was the first New 
Englander I met at ali^htinsr out of the sta^e coach a few doors distance 

O -00 

from Mr Wilks at the tavern. 

I am now ^oin^ to advise with Dr. Juxon and others about beinsr inocu- 


lated though there is scarce anyhody as they say have it in this city. I 
believe I shall think it my duty to come into it. 
To us let it be Christ to live and to die Gain 

I am Dear Edmund 

Your most loving father 

Edmund Quincy. 

The king is inconsolable tis said under the Surprising death of the late 
Queen,f at this juncture critical with respect to his family disorders. The 
Parliament who meet the 24 th inst will be opened by Commission, by reason 
of the deep mourning the King is still iu, which it is said exceeds that of 
Common Widowers. 

London Jan 28 th 1737:8 
My Dear daughter 

I received your letter of the 25 th of last month the 2G th inst. and how 
refreshing every line was to me at this distance from you you'll perceive 
best when this comes to hand which I am sure when you receive it will be 
very pleasant to so dutiful and affectionate a child from so loving and ten- 
der a Father. 

* Annals of the town of Dorchester, bv James Blake. 

f Caroline, wife to George II., died suddenly Nov. 20, 1737, aged 54. 

1884.] Memoir of Edmund Quincy. 155 

I have written on my arrival here and so has Josiah via. New York, but 
lest that should fail would again write this first opportunity of a direct Con- 
veyance to Boston to let you know we arrived safe at Dover 14 tQ day of 

January From Dover 16 th we went in coach toward London, where 

after a safe and pleasant journey we arrived in health Tuesday evening the 
19 th at Mr Wilks and were courteously received and lodged till the 27 th 
when we took lodgings with one Nicholas Lewis warden of St. Antoliue 
Parish, Cheapside in Queen St London, where our letters from New Eng- 
land are to be directed. 

This is a strange new world I'm got into and will appear more so when 

I can safely look about me I'm well assured 

Your most tender and affectionate father, 

Edmund Quinct. 

According to the design expressed in this letter, he was soon after 
inoculated. The hopes of his friends were of short duration, and 
the disease terminated fatallv on the morning of the 23d of Februa- 
ry, 1737—8. Viewing death with fortitude and resignation, he expir- 
ed while in prayer for his native country. Josiah Quincy sent to his 
brother Edmund the following account of their father's funeral : 

London, March 2, 1737 
Dear Brother, 

I wrote to you a few days since per Captain Morris, in which I gave 
you the melancholy news of our dear Father's death, an affliction almost 
insupportable to me ! but I find myself surrounded with a great many sin- 
cere good friends, especially in good Coz. Phillips's family where 1 now 
i* lodge, and by whom I am treated more like a brother than a stranger, 

which demands our most grateful acknowledgments. 

Our dear father's corpse, the evening after his death was removed from 
his lodgings in Q street (by order of Mr. Wilks) to Upholders hall, in 
Leadenhall street, from whence the next Sunday evening he was carried 
in a Hearse drawn by six horses to a burying place called Bunhill fields, 
where he was interred in a spot of ground helonging to mr Phillips's fami- 
ly: before the Hearse went 3 Mourning Coaches with the 6 supporters of 
the Pall, who were Mr. Bendien and Mr. Sanford, Mr. Yeamans and Mr. 
Newman, Mr. Burreau and Mr. Lyde. and was followed by 14 Mourning 
•* Coaches and 2 Chariots filled with Gent n that were invited to the funeral. 

Over his grave Mr Denham (a dissenting clergyman) made a speech proper 
to the occasion, a copy of which Mr. Newman has desired me to get, and 

if I can obtain it he will print it I again and again recommend you 

and yours (among whom I include my own under your care) to the bless- 
ing and protection of God 

Your most affec* & Lov g B r 

Josiah Quincy. 

The news of his death was received with the deepest affliction, 
not only by his own family and town, but by the whole province. 
He died in the service of his country, and was lamented by all 
ranks and orders of people as a great and irreparable loss to the 

156 Memoir of Edmund Quincy. [April, 

The General Court of Massachusetts, as a testimony of their love 
and gratitude, gave to his heirs a thousand acres of land in the 
town of Lenox, and caused a monument to be erected over his grave 
in Bunhill fields, London, with the following Latin inscription : 

Edmundi Quincy Armigeri, patria Nov-Angli Massachusettensis, viri 
pietate, prudeutia. et bonis literis, spectati hie depositor sunt reliquiae. 

Qui variis ab ineunte ajtate Muneribus in Re tam civili, quam militari a 
suis sibi commissis (his prcesertim Regi a Conciliis, Curiae Supreme Judica- 
tories Justiciarii, et Militum TribuniJ summa Facaltate, et spectata Fide 
Functus, Laudem merito adeptus est. 

Re Patriae suae publica postulante ad aulam Britannicam legatus est pro- 
fectus, ut Jura suorum et commoda procuraret. 

Variolis Arreptus, morte prematura obiit, et cum eo Emolumenta, qua? 
in ejus legatione, summa cum spe reposita erant, omnibus suis popularibus 
penitus desiderabilis, decessit, at nullis magis quam Patrio Senatui, qui in 
Amoris Testimonium et gratitudinis, ejus Tumulo hoc epitaphium inscribi 
curaverunt. Obiit Londoni, 28 Feb. 1737 set. 57.* 

As a judge he maintained an unblemished reputation for wisdom, 
virtue and probity ; diligent in attending his duty and supporting 
by his wise and grave deportment the dignity of that bench. His 
opinions were highly valued and approved by the court, and the 
greatest deference universally paid to him as a righteous judge for 
nineteen years. In the private relations of life his character was 
marked by every social virtue. In all his public employments he 
seemed to act upon principles of justice and honor, upon the truest 
and safest maxims. | 

Many of the descendants of Edmund Quincy were eminent in the 
public service. Several obtained the highest rank in the profession 
of law and medicine ; others were leaders in the conflict of the Rev- 
olution, and subsequently in the establishment of manufactures in 
Massachusetts and the foundation of the town of Lowell. Those 
whose names are most familiar to the public in 1883 are Oliver 
Wendell Holmes, and John Lowell the founder of the Lowell 

Note. — Smibert painted two portraits of Edmund Quincy in his official dress. The 
one inherited by President Quincy has been placed for safe keeping in the Art Mu- 
seum in Boston ; the other became the property of his daughter Dorothy, and was 
given by her son Jonathan Jackson, in 1810, to Edmund Quincy, the youngest eon 
of President Quincy. It was much injured by the British. 

* Here are deposited the remains of Edmund Quincy, Esq., native of the Massachusetts 
Bay, in New England, a man of distinguished piety, prudence and learning. Entrusted by 
his country with many important offices, he early merited praise, for discharging with the 
greatest ability and approved integrity various employments, both civil and military, par- 
ticularly as one of his Majesty's Council, a Justice of the Supreme Court and the Colonel of 
a Regiment. To secure the rights and privileges of his countrymen he embarked as their 
agent to the Court of Great Britain. Being seized with the small-pox he died a premature 
death, and with him the advantages expected from his agency with the greatest prospect 
of success. He departed the delight of his own people, but of none more than the Senate, 
who as a testimony of their love and gratitude have ordered this Epitaph to be inscribed 
on his monument. He died at London, Feb. 23, 1737, in the 57th year of his age- 

f Hancock's funeral sermon, Braintree, 1738. 

1884.] Longmeadoiv Families. 157 


Communicated by Willard S. Allex, A.M., of East Boston, Ma ss. 

[Continued from pa^e 49.] 

Stebbins Families in Springfield and Longmeadow. 

1st Generation. Rowland Stebbins. as far as known, is supposed to 
have been the ancestor of all of his name in New England. He came to 
Roxbury and from thence to Springfield. Probably he removed to North- 
ampton, as his death is recorded in that town. He died Dec. 14, 1071. 
By the records it appears that Lawrence Bliss came into possession of 
his home lot in Springfield. Thomas and John were his sons. Thomas 
settled in Springfield, and his and some of his descendants' families 
are hereafter entered, John Stebbins married and had children there* 
lie removed to Northampton and died March 7, 1G78. Elizabeth Stebbins, 
probable daughter of Rowland, was married March 2, 16-17, to John Clark. 
Sarah Stebbins, probably another daughter, was married to Thomas Mer- 
rick, Nov. 14, 1639. Sarah the wile of Rowland Stebbins died Oct. 4, 

2d Generation. Lieut Thomas Stebbins, of Springfield, son of Row- 
land Stebbins, was married Nov. 1645, to Hannah Wright. Their child- 
ren — Samuel, born Sept. 19, 164C, died July 13, 1708. Thomas, horn 
July 31, 1648, died Dec. 29, 1705. Joseph, born Oct. 24, 1652. died Oct. 
15, 1728. Sarah, born Aug. 18, 1654, died Nov. 6, 1721. Edward, born 
April 14, 165G, died Oct. 31, 1712. Benjamin, born April 11, 1658. 
Rowland, born Oct. 2, 1660, died Oct. 24, 1661. Hannah, born Oct. 1, 
1660. Hannah the mother died Oct. 16, 1660. Lieut. Thomas Stebbins. 
was married to Abigail Mun, Dec. 14, 1676, and died Sept. 5, 1683. The 
families of the sons, see hereafter. Sarah the daughter was married Jan.. 
2, 1672, to Samuel Bliss, of Longmeadow. 

3d Generation. Samuel Stebbins, of Longmeadow, son of Thomas and 
Hannah Stebbins above, was married July 22, 1679, to Joanna Lamb, 
daughter of John and Joanna Lamb. Their children — Thomas, born Dec. 
26, 1681, died Jan. 3, 1682. Samuel, born May lo, 1683, and died June 
17, 1767. Joanna the mother died Aucr. 8, 1683. Samuel Stebbins the 
father was married again Dec. 10,1635, to Abigail Brooks, daughter of 
William and Mary Brooks. Their children — John, born Feb. 13, 1686. 
Ebenezer, born Nov. 30, 1688. William, born July 27, 1693, died Oct. 
30, 1776. Abigail," born Nov. 30, 1695. Joanna, born March 4. 1697. 
Thomas, born Aug. 10, 1698. Benjamin, born Dec. 10, 1700. Mercy, 
born Jan. 19, 1705, died Aug. 4. 1780. The families of Samuel and Wil- 
nam, see page 198. John and Thomas settled in Brimfield. Samuel the 
father died July 13, 1708. Abigail the mother died March 13, 1754. She 
was born Jan. 25, 1666. Abigail the daughter was married Aug. 1, 1717, 
to John Hitchcock, son of John and Mary Hitchcock. Joanna was mar- 
ried May 31, 1720, to Mathew Noble, of Westfield. Mercy [Page 197] 
was married Dec. 22. 1726, to Lieut. John Colton, of Longmeadow. 

3rd Generation. Thomas Stebbins, of Springfield, sou of Lieut. Tho- 
mas and Hannah Stebbins, was married Dec. 21, 1672, to Abigail Mun. 
Their children — Thomas, born Jan. 28, 1673, died March 20, 1675. Abi- 




158 * Longmeadow Families. [April, 

gail. born May 27, 1675, died March 15, 1692. Hannah, born Dec. 29, 
1677, died Jan. 10, 1698. Hannah, born Dec. 22, 1680. Thomas, born 
Nov. 30, 16S2, died Sept. 9, 1634. Sarah, born April 17,1686. Mary, 
born Dec. 1, 1688. Abigail the mother died Feb. 6, 1692. Thomas the 
father died Dec. 7, 1695. 

3rd Generation. Joseph Stebbins, of Springfield, son of Lieut. Thomas 
and Hannah Stebbins, was married Nov. 27, 1673, to Sarah Dorchester, 
daughter of Anthony Dorchester. Their children — Joseph, born Oct. 7, 
1674, drowned Sept. 29, 1722. Benjamin, born Jan. 23, 1676. Thomas, 
born July 13, 1679, died June 29, 1713. John, born Sept. 22, 1681, died 
Nov. 11, 1636. Mehitable, born Nov. 27, 1683. married Jonathan Strong. 
Ebenezer, born June 8. 1686. Sarah, born June 8, 1688, married David 
Chapin. John, born Nov. 8, 1690. Hannah, born Nov. 9, 1692. Mar- 
tha, born June 28, 1697. Mehitable was married Nov. 21, 1705, to Jona- 
than Strong of Northampton. Sarah was married Nov. 21, 1705, to David 
Chapin, of Springfield. Joseph Stebbins the father died Oct. 15, 1728. 

3rd Generation, Edward Stebbins, of Springfield, son of Thomas and 
Hannah Stebbins, was married April, 1679, to Sarah Graves. Their child- 
dren — Sarah, born Feb. 20„ 1681. Thomas, born Oct. 1685, died Jan. 31, 
1636. Thomas, born March 7, 1687. Mary, born Sept. 11, 1689. John, 
born Jan. 10, 1692. Mary, born June 2, 1695. died April, 1693. Sarah 
the mother died June 12, 1700. Edward Stebbins was married again, Oct. 
18, 1701, to Mary Colton, widow of Isaac Colton, and he died Oct. 31, 
1712. She died at her son George Col ton's in Longmeadow, August 30, 
1743, age 91. Edward Stebbins, early in the spring of 1676, was taken 
by the Indians at Longmeadow while he was with Samuel Bliss, his bro- 
ther-in-law, and he was carried to the falls above Deerfield, and with a 
youth named Gilbert made his escape from the Indians and gave informa- 
tion' of their place of residence, whereupon the English went and destroyed 
three hundred or more of them. \_Puge 198.] 

3rd Generation. Benjamin Stebbins, of West Springfield, son of Lieut. 
Thomas and Hannah Stebbins, was married Oct. 9, 1682, to Abigail Den- 
ton. Their child Abigail, born Oct. 29, 1685. Abigail the mother died 
Aug. 24, 1689. Benjamin Stebbins was married May 8, 1701, to widow 
Martha Ball. Their children — Benjamin, born March 8, 1702. Francis, 
born Nov. 19, 1703. Martha, born Nov. 14, 1705. Miriam, born Oct. 8, 
1707. Mary, born June 25, 1713. Mercy, born July 24, 1715. 

4th Generation. Samuel Stebbins, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel and 
Joanna Stebbins, was married Jan. 30, 1707, to Hannah Hitchcock, daugh- 
ter of Luke Hitchcock, E<q.. and Sarah his wife. Their children — Samuel, 
born June 19, 1708, died Feb. 10, 1754. Jonathan, born Oct. 24, 1709, 
died July 11, 1788. Stephen, born Oct. 16, 1711, died Feb. 26, 1768. 
Hannah, born June 10, 1713. Aaron, born Feb. 20, 1715. died Mav 15, 
1808. Joanna, born Nov. 1, 1716, died Sept. 23, 1800. Moses, born Dec. 
4, 1718. Luke, born Jan. 28, 1722. Sarah, born Nov. 8, 1725, died Nov. 
25, 1725. Nehemiah, born April 14, 1727. Thankful, born March 4, 
1730, died Oct. 23, 1733. The families of the sous, see in pages 199, 200 
and 201. Hannah the daughter was married Jan. 13, 1736, to Moses Par- 
sons, of Enfield. Joanna was married Jan. 31, 1740, to James Firman, of 
Enfield. Hannah Stebbins the mother died May 24, 1756. Samuel Steb- 
bins the father was married again Jan. 3, 1758, to Sarah Alliu. She died 
Feb. 26, 1763, and he died June 17, 1767, and was buried at the time of 
raising the meeting-house. 

1884.] Longmeadow Families. 159 

4th Generation. Lieut. William Stebbins, of Longmeadow, son of Sam- 
uel and Abigail Stebbins, was married March 15, 171 G, to Mercy Knowl- 
ton, of Springfield. Their children as found on record were — Benjamin, 

died Dec. 4, 1718. Mercy, died June 11, 1720. William, born . died 

March 29, 1725. William, born April 22, 1726, died April 20, 1797. 
Ruth, born July 2G, 1728, died Aug. 16, 1728. Ezra, born Aug. 16, 1731, 
died Feb. 5, 1796. Zadock, born Nov. 10, 1732, died Nov. 10, 1732. Mercy, 
died Jan. 15, 1743. Mercy the mother died March 3, 1751. Lieut. Wil- 
liam Stebbins was married again in 1754 to the widow Thankful Pond, of 
Northford, a parish in the town of Bran ford. He died Oct. 30. 1776, 
and she returned to her children in Connecticut. The families of William 
and Ezra the sons see in pages 201 and 202. \Pcige 199.] 

5th Generation. Samuel Stebbins, of Wilbraham, sou of Samuel and 
Hannah Stebbins, was married March 22, 1734, to Marv Knowlton, of 
Springfield. Their children — Mary, born Aug. 23, 1735, died Aug. 27, 
1742. Seth, born January 8, 1739. died September 1, 1742. Thank- 
ful, born February 14, 1737. Noah, born October 13. 1741. Mary, 
born March 2~), 1744. Mercy, born Feb. 12, 1747. Mary the mother 
died Aug. 22, 1750, at Longmeadow. Samuel Stebbins the father was 
married again, Nov. 18, 1750, to the widow Sarah Jones, daughter of Dea- 
con James Wood, of Somers. Their children — Samuel, born Sept. 8, 1751. 
Seth, born July 17, 1753, died July 27, 1753. Samuel Stebbins the father 
died at Somers, Feb. 10, 1754. Thankful was married May 5, 1757, to 
Paul Langdon, of Wilbraham. Mary was married April 21, 1763, to Enos 
Stebbins, son of Jonathan Stebbins, of Longmeadow. They settled in 

5th Generation. Jonathan Stebbins, of Longmeadow, son of Samuel 
and Hannah Stebbins, was married Dec. 11, 1735, to Margaret Bliss, daugh- 
ter of Thomas and Sarah Bliss. Their children — Jonathan, born Sept. 

28, 1736, died Dec. 7, 1762. Bliss, born May 30, 1738. Enos. burn July 
26, 1740. Margaret, born Aug. 28, 1741, died Oct. 6, 1807. Eunice, 
born Nov. 25, 1742, died May 2, 1786. Ann. born Feb. 8, 1744, died April 
17,1787. Margaret the mother died June 16,1744. Jonathan Stebbins 
was married again, Oct. 18, 1745, to Sarah Mosley, of Westfield. She 
had one child stillborn, Nov. 14, 1746, and died Nov. 29, 1746. Jonathan 
Stebbins was married again. Nov. 5, 1747, to Abigail Hale, daughter of 
John and Thankful Hale, of West Springfield. She was born Jan. 18, 
1721. Their children— Abigail, born Oct. 29, 1748, died June 4, 1811. 
Medad, born Feb. 4, 1751, died Sept. 9, 1804. Sarah, born March 22, 
1752, died June 2, 1754. Sarah, born Sept. 16, 1754. Rhoda, born July 
15, 1756, died Oct. 9, 1756. Lewis, born Jan. 10, 1758, died Oct. 9. 1758. 
Rhoda, born July 16, 1759. Lewis, born March 22, 1761, died June 15, 
1778. The sons Enos and Medad had families. Margaret was married 
May 12, 1765, to Noah Stebbins. Eunice was married Nov. 27, 1766, to 
Enoch Burt. Ann was married Feb. 3, 1774, to Thomas Hale. Abigail 
was married Feb. 15, 1770, to Moses Bartlett, of Wilbraham. Sarah was 
married May 1, 1781, to Robert Silcock. Rhoda was married Oct. 6, 
1784, to John Robinson, of Granville. Jonathan died at New York on 
his return from Havanna, Dec. 7, 1762. Bliss received part of a college 
education, and died a common stroller. Jonathan Stebbins the father died 
July 11, 1788. Abigail the mother died May 1, 1812, age 91 years Jan. 

29, past. [Page 200.] . , 

[To be continued.] 

*v\ 'OC7- L-V 2Xfi ItrUf+u fft J n/rxM * Aaa Os. $AT*.r- 

I t r-l* . 

160 The Fa m ihj of Ba Id w in . [ April , 




By the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, D.CL , LL.D., of London, Eng. 

THE following "Report of Investigations concerning the Fami- 
ly of Baldwin, of Aston Clinton, co. Bucks," was sent to me 
by Col. Chester shortly before his death, and it was his desire that 
I should offer it to the Register for publication. It corrects many 
very inexcusable blunders in the pedigree given in M Notes on the 
Baldwin Family," for which Miss Bain bridge is responsible, which 
appeared in Register, xxvi. 295. Free use has been made of Col. 
Chester's report by Mr. C. C. Baldwin, of Cleveland, in his "Bald- 
win Genealogy," published about two years ago, but it has never 
been printed in a completed form. 

The very undeserved credit given to me in the preface to Mr. C. 
C. Baldwin's volume for these investigations concerning the early 
history of the family in England, should have been given to Col. 
Chester. G. W. Baldwin. 

Boston, Mass. 

That the name of Baldwin, in various orthographical forms, was preva- 
lent in the county of Buckingham, from a very early period, and especially 
in the neighborhood of Aylesbury, is evident from its appearance in an- 
cient records. The recurrence of it. however, is at such rare intervals, and 
under such circumstances, that it has been impossible to connect the vari- 
ous persons mentioned, or to establish the relationship of the earliest known 
Baldwins of Aston Clinton with those of other parts of the county. Al- 
though occasionally one of the namo elevated himself to a position suffi- 
ciently prominent to leave a trace of his existence in the public records, it 
may be safely assumed that the great majority of the race were of a social 
rank below that of the country genty. No better proof of this can be re- 
quired than the single fact that among all the Inquisitions post mortem, from 
their institution in the year 1340 down to the year 1600, there are but two 
which relate to the Baldwins of Bucks. One of these is that of Richard 
Baldwin, who died 21 Sept. 14< s o, leaving his brother John, then in his sev- 
enteenth year, his heir, lie held in socage of the king the manor of Otter- 
arsfee in Aylesbury, probably a manor so small that it was long since ab- 
sorbed by some larger one, as no further trace of it can be discovered. The 
other Inquisition is that of the well known Sir John Baldwin, Chief Jus- 
tice of the Common Pleas, who died 24 Oct. 154o, leaving no male issue 
surviving. He was unquestionably the most eminent Buckinghamshire 
Baldwin down to the end of the sixteenth century. 

The earliest Baldwin will preserved in the Prerogative Court of Canter- 
bury, in which court the great bulk of the wills of the whole country were 
proved, and whose records commence in 13s:}, is that of John Baldewyn, 
which was dated the 2d of June and proved the 21st of July, 1409, by his 
relict Edith. The will (which is short and in Latin) contains the usual 



1884.1 The Family of Baldwin. 161 

religious bequests of the period, and charges his estate with twenty marks 
per annum as an annuity for his widow, who of course also had his person- 
alty. He evidently died childless, as he bequeathed all his lands and ten- 
ements in the county of Bucks to his brother William. He was, therefore, 
evidently one of the Buckinghamshire Baldwins, but there is no trace of 
Ids ancestry obtainable, and nothing can be discovered of his brother Wil- 
liam. This John Baldwin was a member of Gray's Inn. and held the office 
of Common Serjeant of London, which office still exists. He was buried, 
as he directed, in the Church of the Grey Friars in London, whose site is 
now occupied by the well known Christ's Hospital, better known as the 
"Blue Coat School." (In the Messrs. Nichols's " Collectanea Topograph- 
ica et Genealogica," Vol. V. page 288, the date of his death, probably by 
an error in transcribing, is wrongly snven as 10 April, 1-4G9. It will be 
seen that his will was not made until the 2d of June in that year.) 

In the local Registry of the Archdeaconrv of Backs, the earliest Bald- 
win will is of the date of 1522. (There is, however, the record of probate 
of the will of a John Baldwin in 1483, but it does not give even his resi- 
dence, and unfortunately the will itself is not recorded.) Thomas Bawde- 
wyn, of the farm of Wendover. made his will on the 7th of May, 1522, 
and it was proved on the 15th of the same month by his relict Joane. He 
directed to be buried in the church yard. Fie left £6 to his son John, and 
£4 to his daughter Agnes, their mother to have the control of it till they 
were sixteen years old, but, in case she married again, then his father Ro- 
bert Bawdewyn, and her father John Gvn^er, were to receive it for his 
childrens' use. There is nothing else in the will. 

Let me state here that in pursuing my investigations I have taken full 
abstracts of every Baldwin will, and record of administration, existing in 
the two Registries named, beyond which it would be useless to sro, as the 
wills of Buckinghamshire people were proved in one of these courts. I 
have also examined every reference to the name at the Public Record 
Office, and obtained all there is to be had from the Patent Rolls, Fines, 
Subsidies, Inquisitions, Chancery Proceedings, &c. &c. I have also visited 
Aston Clinton, and obtained eve~y entry of the name of Baldwin from the 
Parish Registers. And, finally, I have exhausted my own extensive pri- 
vate genealogical collections, the accumulation of twenty years' incessant 
and laborious research. Of course, I have acquired a vast amount of ma- 
terial respecting the Baldwins generally that can be of no possible use in the 
present inquiry. I have carefully separated the chaff from the wheat, and 
the following pages will be exclusively confined to the descent of the Aston 
Clinton line. I have only to add that, as I shall give my authority for 
every statement made, the entire account may be unhesitatingly relied upon. 

I may as well say at once that the early portion of the pedigree, printed 
in the N. E. Hist, and Gf.x. Register, July, 1872, vol. xxvi. page 291, is 
entirely erroneous. My pedigree, as will be seen hereafter, will commence 
with two brothers, Richard and John Baldwin. Henry Baldwin of Dun- 
dridge, with his brother John and sister Lettice Foster, named in the pedi- 
gree in the Register, were children of this Richard, and not of Sylvester, 
son of John. Of the first two generations as given in the pedigree in the 
Register, I have only to say that I can find no record of a subsidy being 
paid by John Baldwin on the manor of Otterarsfee in 1542, and no deed of 
154G, or of any other date, by which he gave lands to his son Sylvester on 
his marriage with Sarah Gelly. If any such records ever existed, they do 
not exist now, at all events in the only places where they alone should be 




162 The Family of Baldwin, [April, 

found. The taxes on the manor of Dundridije were not paid in 1579 by 
Sylvester Baldwin and his son Henry, as this pedigree states, but by Henry 
and Richard Baldwin, most probably father and son, who, as will be pre- 
sently seen, had recently become the possessors of it. No Sylvester Bald- 
win died at Aston Clinton in 1503, but one was buried there in 1592, and 
will be found in his proper place in the ensuing narrative. Without at- 
tempting to account for these extraordinary errors — the more extraordina- 
ry because, as will be seen hereafter, they were entirely unnecessary — I 
leave the forthcoming facts to rectifv them. 

There is no apparent reason why the John Baldwin named in the Inqui- 
sition post mortem of Richard Baldwin in 1485 as his brother and heir, may 
not have been the father of Richard and John who commence the new ped- 
igree. The recurrence of the same christian names is suggestive, and, as 
this John was born in 14G9. he m:iv reasonably have been father of sons 
dying in 1553 and 15G5. It would, however, be unsafe to assume it mere- 
ly on the strength of the christian names, for those of Richard and John 
appear to have been common in every family of the name in Bucks, and I 
have not been able to lind any trace of this John after the date of the In- 
quisition. On the other hand, I do find in a Subsidy Roll of the reign of 
Kiiiir Henry VIII., but the date of which is unfortunately gone, a Robert 
Baldwin of Aston Clinton, assessed at £13, from £8 of which he was re- 
lieved on account of the marriage of his son. and also a Richard Baldwin 
of the same place, assessed at 40 shillings. If we could but be certain that 
these two assessments applied to father and son, I think we might be pret- 
ty safe in carrying our pedigree a generation farther back. But this Ro- 
bert Baldwin left no will, and I can discover nothing more of him. I pre- 
fer, therefore, to commence the new pedigree with the two brothers, Rich- 
ard and John, concerning whom the testimony is positive, leaving the pos- 
sible identification of their progenitors, as it must be left, to the chance of 
accident, perhaps by some lucky reference in the wills or other records of 
the families with which they intermarried. Richard was evidently the 
eldest of the two brothers, for which reason, and also because his line 
were the possessors of Dundridge for several generations, I shall at first 
pursue their history without interruption, and then return to the line of 
John. In each case I will distinguish the different generations by Roman 

I. Richard Baldwin, described as of " Donrigge," in the parish of 
Aston Clinton, co. Bucks, yeoman, made his will 1G Jan. G Edw. VI. 
[1552-3]. In the body of the will the name is indifferently spelt 
'"Bawldwyn" and " Baldwyn," but, as the record is a copy of the 
will, and has not his signature, it is impossible to say how he may 
have signed his name. The following is a complete abstract of the 
will, nothing being omitted, as in all cases, except the useless 
verbiage : 

To be buried in the church-yard of Aston Clinton — to Alis my 
daughter 20 marks when married — to Agnes my daughter £12 when 
19 and to Cicelly and Letise my daughters each £10. when 19 — to 
John my son my farm at Dongrove in the parish of Chesham, when 
23, but, if he die before that age, then the same to Henry my son 
— to Richard my son my tenth in Cholsbury and the lands belong- 
ing thereto, when 23 — to Eilyn my wife and Henry my son the rents 
of my said houses & lauds towards bringing up my children — to 


1884.] The Family of Baldwin. 163 

Heughe Baldwyn my brother's son, £6. 13 s 4 d — small bequests to 
godchildren, tenants & servants — to Henry my son 10 silver spoons 
and a maser — the residue of all personalty to Ellyn my wife & Hen- 
ry my son equally. & they to be my executors — overseers of my 
will, my brothers John Baldwyn & John Apuke. 

This will was proved in the Court of the Archdeaconry of Bucks, 
21 Feb. 1552-3, by the relict Ellen and the son Henry Baldwin, the 
executors named. 

The original will of the widow Ellen is amonir the records of the 
Court of the Archdeaconry of Bucks, but the probate act is miss- 
ing, so that it is impossible to determine exactly when it was proved, 
and thus obtain the approximate date of her death. The date is the 
24th of some month [the paper just here eaten or torn away] in the 
8th vear of Queen Elizabeth. The exact date mav therefore have 
been the 24th of November, 1565, or the 24th of any month there- 
after down to 24th October. 15GG. She signed her name " Elvn 
Baldwin," and described herself as of " Donrich," in the parish of 
Aston Clinton, co. Bucks, widow. The following is a full abstract 
of the will : 

To be buried in the church yard of Aston Clinton — to the poor 
there 12 d , & to the poor of Cholsbury 12 d — to each of my god- 
children 4 pence — to each of my childrens' children 4 pence — to each 
of mv daughters Cecilve and Lettys sundry linen, household stuff, 
&c. when married, they to be guided in their marriage by my cou- 
sin George Baldwin — to Richard and Sylvester, children of my son 
Henry Baldwin, each 12 pence — residue of personalty to my son 
John Baldwin, and he to be my executor — overseer, my son Henry 
V -ft may be well to say here that the Register of Marriages at As- 

ton Clinton begins 8 July, 1561, that of Baptisms 3 Dec. 1565, and 
that of Burials 12 Feb. 1560-1. Hence the burial of this Richard 
Baldwin is not in the Register, as a matter of course, but why that 
of his widow Ellen is missing, when she directed to be buried there, 
can only be conjectured. As she named her son John as her exec- 
utor, she may, after the date of her will, have gone to reside with 
him, and have been buried at Chesham. Who she was does not 
appear, unless she was sister of the John Apuke whom her husband 
named as his brother, i. e. brother in law. If so, her family name 
* is perhaps represented by the modern Pooke. 

As both Richard Baldwin and his wife Ellen described themselves 
as of Dundridge, it may be as well just here to explain the descent 
of that manor, or " reputed manor," as it is sometimes called. In 
the possession of the .Moutacutes from an early period, — as early as 
1320, — it descended to the celebrated Margaret, Countess of Salis- 
bury, who was beheaded in 1541, when, under her attainder, it fell 
to the Crown. Shortly after, King Henry VIIl. bestowed it upon 
Sir John Baldwin, the Chief Justice, who held it at his death, 24 
Oct. 1545, when, with his other estate, it passed to his heirs, who 
were, as stated in his Inquisition post, mortem, Thomas Packington, 
son and heir of his daughter Agnes, and John Rurlacv, son and heir 
of his daughter Petronilla. In the subsequent division of the 
estate Dundridge appears to have fallen into the sole possession of 
the Pakingtons, passing from Thomas Pakington, above mentioned, 



164 The Family of Baldwin. [April, 

to his son and heir John Pakingtou, who, on the 1st of March, 1577 
-8, according to Patent Roll, 20 Eliz., Part 5, alienated it, with 
other messuages, tenements, &c, in Aston Clinton, Chesham and 
Weudover, co. Bucks, to " Henry and Richard Baldwin," and it 
was they, of course, who paid the taxes upon it the following year, 
wrongly stated elsewhere to have been paid by " Sylvester Baldwin 
& his son Henry." 

It will be seen, therefore, that, although Richard Baldwin, in his 
will, in 1552-3, described himself as of Dundridge, he could only have 
been the tenant of the manor, as the ownership did not pass from 
the Pakinirtons until 1577-8. It seemed curious and susrsestive, 
that only seven or eight years after the death of Sir John Baldwin, 
another Baldwin should be found apparently in the possession of 
this manor, and the fact seemed to indicate some very near connec- 
tion ; but none can be discovered, while the discovery of the fact 
contained in the Patent Roll perfectly explains the apparent 

There may be a question whether the Henry and Richard Bald- 
win, to whom John Pakingtou so conveyed the manor, were the two 
brothers, or the father and son. If the former. Richard certainly at 
some subsequent date parted with his interest — of which, however, 
no record can be found — because it is perfectly certain that Dun- 
dridge continued in the line of Henry until the heir of his descend- 
ant in the sixth generation, a hundred and seventy years later, final- 
ly sold it to a stranger, as will appear hereafter. I think it more 
likely that the conveyance was made to Henry and his son Richard. 
This is, however, of little importance. 

We find, then, Richard Baldwin, with whom we commence our 
pedigree, a substantial yeoman of the first half of the sixteenth cen- 
tury, of sufficient means and importance to rent the manor and oc- 
cupy the manor-house, and also able to possess at least one other 
farm, and lease the tithes in another parish. His monev bequests 
to his children, when multiplied bv ten in order to obtain their rel- 
ative value, were by no means inconsiderable, and the bequest of 
ten silver spoons elevates him at once to a position superior to those 
by whom he was surrounded. If nothing is ever learned of his an- 
tecedents, he is an ancestor of whom his descendants need not be 

The children of Richard and Ellen Baldwin, as we have now 
learned from their wills, were as follows : 

1. Henry, of whom hereafter. 

2. John. At the date of his father's will, in 1552-3, he was not yet 23 years of 

a<$e, and at that age was to have the farm of DongKWe, in Chesham. 
He was named as his mother's executor in her will, dated in 1505 or 6, 
aud as the overseer of his brother Henry's will, dated 2 Jan. 159'J-ltiOO, 
but these are the only traces of him 1 have been able to find. He certain- 
ly left no will, unless he went into some other part of the country, and it 
was proved in some other diocese. 

3. Richard. I find nothing positive about him beyond the facts in his fa- 

ther's will, viz., that he was not 23 in 1552-3, and was to have the tithes 
and lands in Cholsbury. He may have been the Richard to whom, in con- 
junction with Henry, the manor of .Dundridge was conveyed by John Pak- 
ington in 1577-8. hut, as I have said before, L do riot think so. He is not 
named in any of the wills after that of his father. 1 find, however, the 
will of a Richard Baldwin, of Cholsbury, "weaver," dated 23 May, 
1630, which must not be overlooked. The following is a full abstract of it : 

1884.] The Family oj Baldwin. 165 

To Isabell my wife one third of my goods & chattels — to Nathaniel my 
son £10 — to Joseph my eon half an acre of land called Hunt's Wick, when 
21 — to my daughter Mary Pratt 6s. 8d. & to her daughter Mary 2 sheep, & 
her other 2 children each a sheep — to my daughter Hannah £13. 6. 8, & 
my 2 other daughters Christian & Sarah each £10., when' 21 or married — 
all residue to Timothy my eldest son, and he to be my executor. 

The son Timothy proved the will, in the Court of the Archdeaconry of 
Bucks, 16 May, 1633. 

Although this Richard evidently could not have been the one who had 
the Cholsbury lands in 1552-3, unless he had these children in his ex- 
treme old age, yet it seems not unlikely that he was his son, and, as I can 
find no traces of the three sons Timothy, Nathaniel and Joseph named in 
the will, after the probate in 1633, I think there can be little if any doubt 
that they were the three of those names who emigrated to New England, 
appearing at Milford in 1639. The Registers of Cholsbury begin in 1583, 
and perhaps might clear up this matter. 

4. Alice. She was living unmarried in 1552-3, but, as she was not named in 

her mother's will in 1565 or 6, she probably died and was buried at Aston 
Clinton, before 1560-1, the date when the registers? begin. 

5. Agnes, who was unmarried and not 19 at the date of her father's will. She 

was married at Aston Clinton, 18 Nov. 1565, to William Grange, but 
lived less than four months, and was buried there 10 March, 1566-7. He 
remarried, and was finally buried at Aston Clinton, 14 Nov. 15S2. In his 
nuncupative will, dated 26 Sept. 1582, he named his wife Isabell and his 
sons Henry and Thomas, and made Henry Baldwin, of Aston Clinton, his 
first wife's brother, his executor. 

6. Cicely. She was named as unmarried in her father's will in 1552-3, and in 

her mother's in 1565 or 6, but not in that of her brother Henry in 1599- 

7. Lettice. She was still unmarried in 1565-6, but is named in the will of her 

brother Henry, 1599-1600, as wife of (blank) Foster. In the will of her 
nephew Robert Baldwin, son of her brother Henry, dated 22 March, 1605 
-6, she is again mentioned, as living at Tring, co. Herts, after which I do 
not hear of her. 

"We now return to the eldest son of Richard and Ellen Baldwin, 
viz. : 

II. Henry Baldwix, who was his father's executor in 1552-3, and wlio, 
in 1577-8, became the first owner of Dundridge. His will, as 
" Henry Baldwin, of Dunridge, in the parish of Aston Clinton, co. 
Bucks, Yeoman," was dated on the 2d of January, 1599-1000. The 
following is a full abstract: 

To the poor of Aston Clinton 20 shillings, of Cholsbury 20 shil- 
lings, of Wendover 5 shillings, & of Great Missenden 3 shillings & 
4 pence — to Edmund Stonhill of St. Leonard's 2 shillings — to Tho- 
mas Gerye of St. Leonard's 12 pence — to widow Tomkins of St. 
Leonard's 2 shillings — to Thomas Chapman of St. Leonard's 12 
pence — to widow Pratt of St. Leonard's 12 pence — to my son John 
my 4 crofts in Wendover, called " Stybbings," & £10. — to Robert 
my son my messes, lands & tents, &c. in Flanden & Hempstead & 
elsewhere in co. Herts, also £10 — to Agnes my daughter £100. 
within 2 years after my death, or at her marriage — to James Bonas 
£40 — to Richard my son sundry furniture, household stuff, &c. 
(enumerated) after the death of Alice my wife — to Sylvester my 
sou £10. besides what he owes me, and to his sons John & Henry- 
each six shillings and cS pence — to Henry son of James Bonas G-8 
—to Bartholomew Graveuye a ewe & lamb — " to Robert Baldwin 
my late servant" 12 pence — to each godchild pence — to my sister 
Lettice Foster 20 shillings — to Thomas King of Swauborne 10 



166 The Family of Baldwin. [April, 

shillings — to Richard Salter my son in law 10 sheep — all residue to 
Alice my wife — my son Richard to he my executor, and my brotheL* 
John Baldwin and George Adams of Little Horwood, overseers. 

The will was proved at London, in the Prerogative Court of Can- 
terbury, 2 July, 1 602, by Richard Baldwin, son and executor. Hen- 
ry Baldwin was buried at Aston Clinton, 1 June, 1602. 

The original will of his widow Alice is on tile among the records 
of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Bucks, in which it was proved, 
and is dated 4 June, 1G22. She signed her name "Alice Bald- 
win," and is described as of Dunridge (&c), widow. The follow- 
ing is a full abstract : 

To be buried in the parish church of Aston Clinton, near my late 
husbaud Henry Baldwin — to my sons Richard, Sylvester, & John 
Baldwin, each £20. — to my daughter Mary Salter, £10., my best 
gold ring, best gown, &c. — to the children of my said son Sylves- 
ter Baldwin, viz. John, Henry, Sylvester, Richard, William, Alice, 
& Jane, each 40 shillings — to the children of my son John Baldwin, 
viz. Richard, John, Maty, Agnes, & Martha, each 40s — to the child- 
ren of my daughter Mary Salter, viz. Richard, Thomas, John, Da- 
vid, Susanna, Marv, & Sarah, each 40 shillings — to the children of 
my daughter Jane Bonus, viz. Henry, James, John, Christian, Faith, 
Mary, & Jane, each a sum varying from £4. to £10. — to Henry 
Stonehill my son in law, & his children Henry, Jane & Agnes, each 
40 shillings — to Anne, daughter of mv son Robert Baldwin, 40 
shillings — to my brother Thomas King 10 shillings & to his child- 
ren 20 shillings among them — -to William son of Thomas King 10 
shillings — to mv sister Marie Mountegue 10 shillings — all residue 
equally to my sons Richard, Sylv.ester, & John Baldwin & my 
daughter Mary Salter — (she mentions incidentally that she and her 
son Richard occupy the manor of Dunridge) — my said sons Richard 
& John to be my executors — overseers, my friends Richard Grippes, 
of St. Leonard's, Clerk, & Richard Salter, senior, of Hemel-IIernp- 
stead — if my s d sons Richard & John decline to act, then my s d son 
Sylvester & my son in law Richard Salter, to be executors. 

The will was proved 14 Dec. 1026, by the son Richard only. 
She was buried at Aston Clinton, 23 Nov. 1626. Her will is a 
model one, as she evidently named every living son and daughter 
and grandchild that she had. It is to he regretted that she was not 
more explicit about her own family, for it is impossihle to determine 
whether Thomas King and Mary Montagu were her own brother 
and sister, or only brother and sister in law. It should be noticed 
that, while the fir.>t Richard Baldwin, the tenant of Dundridge, and 
his wife Pollen, both directed to be buried in the chvtrch-yard, she 
directs to be buried in the church, where she says her husband was 
also buried, a significant distinction between the tenant of the manor 
and the lord of it. It should also be noticed that in describing her 
husband she called him plain " Henry Baldwin," without the affix 
of "Esquire" or ''Gentleman," which would certainly have been 
given him by any lawyer or scrivener of the period if it could have 
been properly applied. 

The children of Henry and Alice Baldwin, according to their 
wills, were as follows : 

]SS4.] The Family of Baldwin. 107 

1. Richard, who was named in his grandmother's will in 1565-6,was his fa- 
ther's executor in 1602, his brother Robert's in 1606, and his mother's 
in 1626. As his will was printed in extenso in the Hist, and Gen. Reg- 
ister for July, 1872, volume 26, pp. 295-7, I shall give only a brief, 
though full genealogical abstract of it here, for the purposes of this nar- 
rative. (There are a few errors, evidently in transcribing, in the copy in 
the Register, which I will here point out, in order that they may be cor- 
rected. On page 295, line 10 irom bottom, read " with the appurte- 
nances." On same page, line 8 from bottom, " xx 11 " should be " xx 3 ," 
i. e. 20 shillings instead of 20 pounds. On page 296, line 10 from bot- 
tom, read " vi 8 " instead of '* vi !i ." On same page, line 8 from bottom, 
for Annie, read Anne. On page 297, line 6 from top, instead of *' Chaffe " 
read " Chasse " (i. e. Chasi). On same page, line 31 from top, 
for " xx 6 " read " xxi." With these exceptions, the transcript in the 
Register is strictly accurate.) 

His will, as *' Richard Baldwin, of Dun-Dridge, in the Parishe of As- 
ton Clinton, in the Countie of Bucks, Yeo/nan>V is dated on the 18th 
February, 1632-3. The following is a full abstract of it : 

To Mr. Hall, now the minister of St. Leonard's, £5. — to Henry Bald- 
win, son of my brother Sylvester, and my next heir, a close called Brays 
Bush in Great Chesham & Wendover, paying to the poor of St. Leonards 
20 shillings yearly for 100 years ; also £20. on condition that he allows 
those men who have bought wood & timber of me, to cut down and carry 
the same away peaceably; also '" one coffer with evidences concerninge 
this mannor of Dundridge & also the evidences concerninge the Chappell 
lande *' ; also a malt mill, a Corslet & its furniture, the furniture for one 
horse for service of the musters, & the tables, frames, forms, cupboards, 
wainscot, benches & armor in the hall, & the best bedstead in the new 
chamber — to Christian my wife half my bedsteads not bequeathed, half my 
bed clothes & linen, half my pewter & bra^s. and the other moveable goods 
in the dwelling house to be divided equally between her & my executor ; 
also to my wife Christian 2 of my best beasts, 20 sheep, 3 hoggs, all my 
poultry, one quarter of wheat & one of mait, & all my wearing apparel, 
also £20. per annum for her life, and she to have sufficient house room & 
firewood — to my brother John Baldwin & his son John each £20, the rest 
of my money* in their hands to be paid to my executor — to my sister Mary 
Salter & her children John, David, Mary & Sarah Salter, each £10 — to 
the children of my sister Jane Uonus, viz, to Henry Bonus £20., James 
Bonus £10, Christian Bonus £30, Mary Bonus £100 & Jane Bonus £50, 
to the two latter in full payment of their grandmother's gifts & of their 
mother's goods — to Anne Bryant, daughter ol my brother Robert Bald- 
win, and to her son Richard Bryant, a freehold tenement &c. in Wendo- 
ver, also £48. 6. 8 — to Henry Stonhill, son of my sister Anne Stonhill, 
£30. when 21, & 20 acres of free land in Drayton Bcauchamp — to Anne 
Stonhill, daughter of my sister Anne Stonhill, £10. — to Richard Bald- 
win, son of my brother Sylvester Baldwin, £10 — to William Baldwin, 
son of my brother Sylvester. £10 — to Richard Baldwin, son of Silvester 
Baldwin of Aston Clinton, £10 — to each of my brothers & sisters children 
living at my death, 40 shillings — to Joane Chasse, my wife's sister, 40 
shillings — to William Darley a year's rent of the messuaire wherein he 
now dwelleth — to Joyce Bernard, widow 20 shillings — to Silvester Tom- 
kins, John Tompkins, & George Baldwin, all of St. Leonards, each 20s. 
— to Richard Gravener, widow Wilkins, widow Gourney, & Edward 
Springall, all of Buckland, each 20 shillings — to Richard Arnoli of Ches- 
hain, his sister Mary Garratt, Jonas Nuton of Cholsbury, widow Childe 
of Harridge, Robert Wilkins of Buckland, <fc Shcm Ginger of St. Leon- 
ard's, each 20 shillings — to the poor of Aston Clinton 20 shillings, of St. 
Leonard's 20 shillings, & of Cholsbury 20 shillings — to each servant in my 
service at my death 10 shillings— to widow Cocke of St. Leonard's 20 
shillings — residue of all my goods &c. to Sylvester Baldwin of Aston 
Clinton, son of my brother Sylvester Baldwin. & he to be my executor. 
(Witnesses, William Grange & Henri' Stonhill.) 

• This would indicate that John the younger was of full age in 1G32, the date of the will. 

168 The Family of Baldwin, [April, 

The will was proved in the Court of the Archdeaconry of Bucks, 29 
Nov. 1630, by Sylvester Baldwin, nephew of the testator, and the execu- 
tor named. 

The will abundantly attests the substantial condition of Richard Bald- 
win, and is an excellent specimen of such documents. The amounts of 
the legacies show him to have been possessed of considerable means, for 
those amounts must be multiplied by ten, and the bequests sufficiently 
indicate the character of the man. Alter handsomely remembering all 
his immediate relations, he did not forget his tenants, the poor widows 
and other poor in his neighborhood, and finally his servants. That he 
was the owner of Dundridge is amply proved by his bequeathing to his 
heir the fi coifer containing the evidences," i. e. his title-deeds. It was 
his father's before him, or jointly with him, and they purchased it from 
the Pakingtons, who had it from Sir John Baldwin, as we have seen. It 
is clear, therefore, that the statement in Lipseombe's History of Bucks, 
ii. 96, that it ever " belonged to Sylvester Baldwin," is an error. Lips- 
combe probably confounded Henry, son of Sylvester, with Sylvester 

Richard Baldwin died childless, and was buried at Aston Clinton, 14 
Oct. 1636. 

His widow made her will on the 16th of February, 1640-1, describing 
herself as Christian Baldwin, of Dundridge, &c, widow. The following 
is a full abstract : 

Aged and weak — to my kinsman John Grove, of Chesham Boys, & his 
father Nehemiah Grove, my kinsman, each 20s. — to Deborah \\ eston, of 
Chesham, widow, 2 pair of sheets — to my sister Joane Chace £10. — to my 
kinsman Richard Arnold, a silver beaker, the same to go to his son at his 
death — to Richard Neale who dwelt with my cousin I'arrett, 10 shillings 
— to my kinsman Abraham Parrett 10 shillings — residue of my goous 
&c. to my sister Joane Chace, her children John Grover, Mary Harris, 
Thomas Chace, & Benaiah Chace, my kinsman Richard Arnold, & my 
kinswoman Mary Parrett, equally — my kinsmen Richard Arnold & Tho- 
mas Chace to be joint executors, & William Grange overseer. 

The will was proved in the Archdeaconry Court of Bucks, 27 July, 
1641, but her burial is not in the A*ton Clinton register, and she was 
probabl}' buried with her own family, to which the will gives no clew, 
except that she had a sister Joane, evidently then a widow, but who had 
had two husbands, named Giover and Chase. She was married to Rich- 
ard Baldwin at Cholesbury in 1592, as Christian Towckfeild, i. e. Tuck- 

2. Sylvestkr Baldwin, of whom hereafter. 

3. John Baldwin, evidently from the wills third son of Henry and Alice Bald- 

win. His father left him in his will, in 1599-1600, 4 crofts, called 
" Stybbings," in Wenduver, and he and his children were remembered in 
the will of his mother in 1622. His brother Richard, in 1632-3, bequeath- 
ed him £20. (i. e. multiplied by ten, equivalent to a thousand dollars 
now), and he was living at the date of his son Richard's will in 1634. He 
left no will, but, on the 14th of October, 1637, his widow Hannah was 
granted Letters, from the Archdeaconry Court of Bucks, to administer 
his estate, when he was described as late of Chesham, co. Bucks. 
The Administration Bond was signed by her and by John Baldwin, of 
Chesham, Mercer. Ot the relicc Hannah 1 find no further trace. Their 
children, as enumerated in the will ol their grandmother Alice Baldwin, 
in 1022, were as follows : 
1. Richard, whose will, as Citizen and Girdler, of London, dated 9 June, 
was proved 23 July, 1634, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, by 
two London friends, Henry Shaw and Henry Poole. He appears to 
have been a young man, certainly unmarried, just commencing busi- 
ness with a partner named George Thwaites, and he gives the amount 
of las investment as £270, ot which he bequeathed £120 to his " dear 
father & mother," and £30 to his brother John Baldwin, also sums 
from £15 to JL25 to his three brothers-in-law, Thomas Dudsbury, Tho- 
mas Ward and Thomas Butcher. To his uncle Richard Baldwin he 
left a ring of the value of 20 shillings, and 40 shillings to the poor of 

1884.] The Family oj Baldwin. 169 

Chesham, where he says he was born. The rest of his bequests were 
to friends and servants in London. 

2. John Baldwin, named in the wills of his grandmother in 1622, his uncle 

Richard in 1632-3, and in his brother Richard's, as above. I see no good 
reason why he may not have been the emigrant afterwards known as 
John Baldwin of Norwich, about whose early history so little is known, 
and nothing certainly. The traditions that have come down about 
him are so vague as to be practically valueless. He would have been 
own cousin of Sylvester the emigrant, though doubtless much his ju- 
nior, as he was a younger son of a still younger son. That he must 
have been very young in 1622 is evident from the fact that his elder 
brother had only just completed his apprenticeship and engaged in 
business twelve years later. Other cousins, the Bryants and Stonehills, 
of the same generation, appear to have also gone to New England 
about the same time. It seems probable that he was the " John 
Baldwin, Mercer," who, with his mother, signed the bond when she 
administered to his father's estate in 1637. If so, he must have only 
just commenced business, and there is no reason why he may not have 
given this up and gone with his relations to New England. In favor 
of this theory is the strong fact that no further trace of him can be 
found at Chesham nor elsewhere in this country. If not married until 
1653, as is said, he would then still have been comparatively a young 
man, probably not far from thirty-five. Admitting that John of Nor- 
wich did not go to Guilford in 1630 a mere child — and on this point 
there is really no evidence whatever — there is no good reason why this 
John may not have been that emigrant, while in favor of it is his near 
relationship to the other emigrants of his name, and the fact of his dis- 
appearance here. It seems improbable that, if he had continued as a 
mercer at Chesham, he would not have married, had children baptized 
and buried, and have been buried there himself. But there is abso- 
lutely no trace of him after 1637. Of course this is not positive proof 
of his identity with John Baldwin of Norwich, but I present it as 
strongly suggestive. 

3. Mary. 5 All named in the will of their grandmother Alice in 1622. 

4. Agnes. > They evidently became, but in what order does not appear, 

5. Martha. ) the wives of Thomas Dudsbury, Thomas Ward, and Thomas 

Butcher, named by their brother Richard in his will as his brothers- 
4. Robert Baldwin, evidently from the wills fourth and youngest son of Hen- 
ry and Alice Baldwin, to whom were bequeathed lands, &c, in Hertford- 
shire. His will, as of Northchurch, Herts, yeoman, dated 22 Mch. 1605 
-6, was proved 1 April following, by his brother Richard Baldwin, whom 
he made his executor. He directed to be buried in the churchyard of 
Northchurch. He bequeathed 10 shillings to his aunt Lettice Foster, then 
of Tring, and named his brother Salter overseer of his will, which rela- 
tionships perfectly identify him. He also left small bequests to the poor 
of St. Leonard's and Cholsbury. The residue of his estate which ap- 
pears to have been small, he left equally to his wife Joane and his daugh- 
ter Anne. He evidently died very young, and this daughter Anne was 
his only child, and then an infant. She was living in 1632-3 as Anne 
Bryant, with a son Richard. 

5. Jane, evidently from the wills eldest daughter of Henry and Alice Bald- 

win. She was in 1599-1600 the wife of James Bonus, but both were dead 
at the date of her mother's will in 1622, leaving seven children, of whom 
I have found nothing later. 

6. Mary, evidently second daughter of Henry and Alice Baldwin. She was 

married at Aston Clinton, 30 Jan. 1598-9, to Richard Salter. Both were 
living in 1622, with seven children. She was still living in 1632-3, with 
four children, two sons, John and David, and two daughters, Mary and 
Sarah. After this date I have found nothing concerning them, unless it 
be that the son David was a David Salter, of Agmondesham, co. Bucks, 
tanner, whose nuncupative will, made 11 April, 1669, was proved 6 Octo- 
ber following, by his relict Sarah, sole legatee. 

7. Agnes, evidently third daughter and youngest child of Henry and Alice 

Baldwin. (In her brother Richard's will she is called Anne, but in her. 

170 Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants* [April, 

mother's, Agnes, and so in the parish register.) She was baptized at 
Aston Clinton in July (the day blank), 1579. She married Henry Stone- 
hill and was dead in 1622, her husband surviving her, and three children, 
Henry, Jane and Agnes. It was probably the son Henry who was in New 
England from 1639 to 1646, then returning to England. He would, as 
will be seen, have been of the same generation as Sylvester Baldwin the 
emigrant and John of Norwich, if the above suggestion prove correct. 

fTo be continued.] 



(Part Second.) 
By John T. Hassam, A.M., of Boston. 

THE article entitled f Ezekiel Cheever and Some of his Descend- 
ants," published by me in the Register for April, 1879 
(xxxiii. 164), contained a biographical notice of Ezekiel Cheever, 
the famous master of the Boston Latin School, who was born in 
London, January 25, 1614, and who died here in Boston, August 
21, 1708, with some account of his descendants in the line of his 
eldest son, the Rev. Samuel Cheever (Harvard Coll. 1659), the 
first settled minister of Marblehead. The purpose of the present 
paper is to give the results of some researches concerning others of 
his descendants, particularly in the line of his younger son, the Rev. 
Thomas Cheever (Harvard Coll. 1677), the first settled minister of 
Rumney Marsh. 

It has been compiled almost wholly from the public records. No 
regard has been paid to family traditions, which are generally so 
misleading and untrustworthv. In the few instances in which dates 

CD •/ 

of births, marriages and deaths are taken from private sources of 
information, the authority therefor is given, or else such dates are 
distinguished from the others by being enclosed in brackets. The 
reader has thus every facility afforded him for verifying the state- 
ments here made by reference to the documentary evidence on which 
they are based. It must be borne in mind, however, that Chelsea 
was not set off from Boston until 1739, and that prior to that date 
the births, deaths and marriages in that part of Boston are to be 
treated as Boston births, deaths and marriages, inasmuch as they 
appear on the Boston Records without any distinctive marks by 
which they may be known from the others. In the same way the 
births, marriages and deaths in what is now Saugus are credited to 
Lynn prior to 1815, when the present town of Saugus was incor- 

Mr. Henry F. Waters and Mr. Ira J. Patch, of Salem, have 
each collected, with a view to publication, a great deal of material 
concerning the Cheever family, particularly in the line of Peter 

1884.1 Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. 171 

Checver of Salem. Mr. Deloraine P. Corey, of Maiden, has also 
gathered, for a like purpose, much information, especially a3 to 
the descendants of the Rev. Thomas Cheever of Chelsea. I am 
indebted to these gentlemen and to Mr. Charles B. Whitman, of 
Huston, for valuable assistance in the preparation of the present 

The members of this branch of the Cheever family are themselves 
to blame if this list of the descendants of Ezekiel Cheever is not in 
some cases as complete as it could be made. Indifference, apathy, 
neglect to answer even the most pressing letters and circulars, is 
probably the experience of most compilers of genealogies, and must 
be borne with what philosophy one can command. But more than 
the usual amount of exasperating reticence and stolidity has been 
encountered in the course of these investigations. 

When our forefathers first set foot in this country, every one of 
them of course knew from what part of England he himself came. 
If he had taken pains to perpetuate evidence of the fact, by depo- 
sitions or by recitals in some document which could be preserved in 
the public records, or if the government here had early established 
some strict svstem of registering arrivals, a creat deal of trouble 
would have been spared us. As it was, the exact locality from 
which he came was known to his immediate family for perhaps a 
generation or two, then the tradition grew fainter and fainter until 
all knowledge of it was completely lost. 

What Old England is to us, New England is to the newer West. 
For the first century and a half after the settlement of this country 
our ancestors moved within necessarily narrow limits, and could not 
stray very far away from the home first established in the new land. 
But since the present century all this is changed. In this age of 
railways and steamboats a vast tide of emigration is pouring into 
the most distant states and territories of the West. There is hardly 
a New England family which is not represented there. For the first 
few years the outgoing members will keep up some sort of communi- 
cation with the rest of the family which remains at the old homestead. 
In the next generation they will be comparatively strangers to each 
other. Then all knowledge of the relationship will gradually fade 
from their minds, and the disruption will be complete. The gen- 
ealogist of the next century will have no enviable task before 
him. It will probably be impossible in the majority of cases to 
trace any connection between the different branches of families so 

This renders it all the more imperative upon us of this generation to 
put on record in the only imperishable form known to us, that is in 
print, all that can be ascertained in regard to our early families. We 
can establish relationships bv the testimonv of persons now living, 
which those who come after us will be unable to do. It is a duty 
we owe to posterity to smooth the pathway of the future investiga- 


172 Ezelciel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

tor and to remove from it the stumbling-blocks which will inevita- 
bly bring his labors to naught. 

These considerations have induced me to publish now in this 
paper what I have so far collected concerning this branch of the 
Cheever family, without waiting until I could afford the time, which 
might never come, to make the record still more complete in all its 
parts. It will be the means of preserving for all time information 
which has been gathered with great toil and labor, some of it from 
sources which will be inaccessible to the future genealogist. It will 
also, it is to be hoped, aid in bringing to light materials for a more 
extended genealogy of the Cheever family. 

Ezekiel 1 Cheever, the famous master of the Boston Latin 
School, born in London, January 25, 1G14 ; came to Boston in New 
England in 1637 ; removed, probably the next year, to New Haven ; 
went afterward to Ipswich, then to Charlestown, and finally, in 
1671, to Boston, where he died August 21, 1708. For a biograph- 
ical notice of him* and an account of some of his descendants, see 
the Register for April, 1879 (xxxiii. 164). 

His children by his first wife Mary, who died in New Haven, Jan. 
20, 1649, were: 

2. i. Samuel, b. in New Haven, Sept. 22, 1639 ; bapt. there 17: 9: 1639. For 

his descendants, see Reg. xxxiii. 193-202. 

ii. Mary, bapt. in New Haven, 29: 9: 1610 : m. (1) 22 Nov. 1671, Capt. Wil- 
liam Lewis, of Farmington. Ct., as his second wife. She m. (2) Tho- 
mas Bull, of Farmington, Jan. 3, 1692, and d. Jan. 10, 1728. 

Hi. Ezekiel, bapt. in New Haven, 12: 4: 1642; d. young. 

iv. Elizabeth, bapt. in New Haven, 6: 2: 1645 ; m. in Charlestown, Sept. 6, 
1666, Samuel Goldthwaite. 

v. Sarah, bapt. in New Haven, 21: 7: 1646. 

vi. Hannah, bapt. in New Haven, 25: 4: 1618. 

His children by his second wife, Ellen Lathrop, sister of Capt. 
Thomas Lathrop, of Beverly, whom he married Nov. 18, 1652, and 
who died in Boston, Sept. 10, 1706, were : 

vii. Abigail, b. Oct. 20, 1653 ; d. in Boston, Jan. 24, 1705, unmarried, aged 
52 years. 

3. viii. Ezekiel, b. July 1, 1655. 

ix. Nathaniel, b. in Ipswich, June 23, 1657 ; d. there July 12, 1657. 

4. x. Thomas, b. in Ipswich, Aug. 23, 1658. 

xi. William, b. in Charlestown, Jan. 23, bapt. Jan. 29, d. there Feb. 5, 

xii. Susanna, m. in Boston, June 5, 1693, Joseph Russell. 

3. Ezekiel 2 Cheever (Ezekiel 1 ), tailor; born Julyl, 1655; married in 
Salem, June 17, 1680, Abigail Lippingwell. * ~ f SP 
He was one of the signers of the petition! ^^TIXOL C/t &0$srl- 
of the Salem Troop for commissioned offi- 1592. 

cers in 1678, and was one of those who took the oath of fidelity in 
that year.J He took the oath of freeman, May 11, 1681.§ He was 
one of the original members of the church at Salem Village, "at the 

• Since that article was written, the Rev. Edward Everett Hale has contributed to the 
Proceedings of the Mass. Historical Society, for Nov., 1882 (xx. 22), extracts from Dr. 
William Bennett's copy of the Register of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, England. One 
of the entries in it is as follows : "1632-33, Jan. 12. Ezekiel Cheever. Sizar. Middlesex." 

f Register, x. 66. 

t Essex Court Files, xxx. 53. § Mass. Col. Records, v. 540. 


1884.1 Ezelciel Cheever and some of his Descendants, 173 

first Embodying, on y e . 19, Nov 1 ". 1689,"* and was soon subjected to 
its discipline. " Sab. 30 March 1690 Brother Cheevers who having 
in distress for a horse upon his wives approaching travell about five 
or six weeks past taken his neighbour Joseph Putmans horse out of 
his stable & without leave or asking of it, was called forth to give 
satisfaction to the offended Church, as also the last Sabbath he was 
called forth for the same purpose, but then he failed in giving sat- 
isfaction, by reason of his somewhat minsing in the latter part of his 
confession, which in the former he had more ingenuously acknow- 
ledged, but this day the Church received satisfaction as was testi- 

© J v 

fyed by tbeir holding up of their hands. And upon the whole a word 
of caution by the Pastor was dropt upon th offendour in particular, 
& upon us all in generall."t 

At the hearing which took place before the magistrates, March 1, 
1691-2, in Salem Village, in the cases of Sarah Good, Sarah Os- 
burn aud Tituba, the Indian woman, the first persons charged with 
the crime of witchcraft, he was deputed to take down in writing the 
examination of these unfortunate persons. $ This was the opening 
scene in the terrible tragedy of the Salem Witchcraft. A fac simile 
of his signature as it appears on a deposition§ in the case of " Goodie 
Cone" is given above. At the trial of Martha Corey he made the 
following deposition^ March 19, 1691-2: " M r Ezekiel Cheevers 
affirmd to y e jury of inquest: that he saw Martha wife to Giles Cory 
examined before y e majestrates at which time he observed that y e sd 
Cory some times did bite her lip ; and when she bit her lip mercy 
Lewis and Eliza th Hubbard and others of y e afflicted persons were 
bitten also when s'd Cory pinched her fingers together : then mercy 
lewise Elizabeth Hubbard and others were pinched ; and acording 
to y e motions of s'd martha Corves body ; so was y e afflicted per- 
sons ; afflicted; this he affirmed to be true acording to y e best of 
his observation Mr Edward Putnam affirmed y e same to y a jury of 
inquest that M r Cheevers doth M r Thomas Putnam affirmed y* 
same: all upon oaths all of them." 

He owned lands in Dracut, and was one of the Committee of the 
Proprietors to lay out undivided lands|j there. His name appears 
on the rate-list of Salem Village as late as 1731 .^T His will, dated 
Nov. 18, 1724, was probated Dec. 30, 1731. His children** were: 

i. Abigail, b. in Salem, 22: 1: 1679-80. 
ii. Ezekiel, bapt. 1st Church, Salem, July 31, 1681. 
iii. TnuiiAS, b. Salem, Feb. 28, 1683 ; d. Dec. 17, 1690. 
iv. Ezekiel, b. Salem, March 15, 1685-6; bapt. 1st Church, Salem, Sept. 3, 
1687 ; d. Feb. 15, 1689-90. 
5. v. Samuel, b. Salem, Feb. 9, 1639-90; bapt. Salem Village, April 13, 1690. 

• Registkr, xi. 131. 

t Register, xi. 131. 

t Essex Court Files, Witchcraft, i. 12; Upham's Salem Witchcraft, ii. 13-26; Hist. Coll. 
Essex Inst., ii. 74-6. 

I Essex Court Files, Witchcraft, i. 13. 

B Drake's Hist, of Middlesex Co. (Dracut, bv the Rev. Elias Nason), i. 408, 409, 410; 
Middlesex Deeds, L. 28, f. -500; L. 21, f. 178, 532; L. 24, f. 452. 

H Upham's Salem Witchcraft, i. 113. 

*• The dates of birth are from the Salem Records. The dates of baptism are from the 
Hist. Coll. Essex Inst. vii. 121, 126; xvi. 235-7, 239. The name of the mother of Kenja- 
min is erroneously written in the original record Ii. Cheever. The date of death of Tho- 
mas is from the Reg. xxxvi. 188. 


174 JZzelciel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

6. vi. Ebenezer, bapt. Salem Village, June 26, 1692. 

vii. Nathaniel, bapt. Salem Village, removed to Dracut ; yeoman. 

Administration on his estate vras granted to bis nephew Ezekiel Chee- 
Yer, of Dracut, husbandman, who gave bond July 11, 1763. 

viii. Ezekiel, m. in Marblehead, June 29, 1738, Hannah Phillips. He re- 
moved to Dracut and was a husbandman. Administration on his 
estate was granted to his brother Nathaniel, who filed his bond, Oct. 
27, 1739, the widow Hannah declining to administer. 

7. ix. Benjamin, bapt. Salem Village, July 6, 1701. 

4. Thomas 2 Cheever {Ezekiel 1 ), Rev., born in Ipswich August 23, 1658 ; 
graduated at Harvard College in 1677. He was admitted a mem- 
ber of the First Church,* Boston, 

July 1680, and took the oath of J> /? / 

freemanf Oct. 13,1680. He began f^ThfifW UflC&VOy' 
to preach at Maiden "14 day of 1708 

February 1679," and was ordained there July 27, 1 681, as colleague 
of the Rev. Michael Wigglesworth (Harv. Coll. 1651)4 

Edward Randolph, "the evil genius of New England," who ar- 
rived in Boston October 26, 1683, with the quo warranto "issued 
against the Charter and Government " of Massachusetts, in his _ . 

"Narrative of the Delivery of his Majesty's writ of quo warranto" 
presented to the Privy Council, and which was read to the Council 
March 11, 1684, says that " Seven or eight days before the Assembly 

broke up, a libellous paper was dispersed in Boston It was 

verily believed that one Cheevers, a young, hot-headed minister, 
was the author of that paper."§ 

Judge Sewall in his diary, under date of March 15, 1686, writes : 
" Mr. Wigglesworth here, speaks about a Council respecting Mr. 
Thomas Chiever,"|| and again March 28, 1686, " Letter read from 
Maldon directed to the three Churches in Boston, desiring Council 
respecting their Pastor Mr. Tho. Chiever, who is charg'd with scan- 
dalous immoralities, for which hath not given satisfaction. "IT Sewall 
was himself a member of the Council called to consider these charges, 
and he has left an account** of the trial which took place in Maiden, 
April 7, 1686. Ezekiel Cheever, schoolmaster, the father of the 
pastor, -" desired to be present, was admitted and bid wellcom, except 
when Council debated in private all alone." The Rev. Mr. Chee- 
ver denied the truth of the charges. The Council in their report 
complained that they had not seen " that humble penitential frame 
in him when before us, that would have become him." They ad- 
vised the church to suspend him from the exercise of his ministerial 
function for the space of six weeks, " and that in case he shall in 
the mean while manifest that Repentance which the Rule requires, 
they should confirm their Love to him, and (if possible) improve 
him again in the Lord's Work among them." When the report was 
read in public the following day by the moderator, the Rev. Increase 

• Transcript of the records of the First Church, Boston, in the library of the Mass. Hist. 

f Mass. Col. Records, v. 540. 

\ Memoir of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, author of the Day of Doom, hy John Ward 
•Dean, second ed., Albany, N. Y., Joel Munsell, 1871. See also Reg. xvii. 129. 

6 Palfrey's Hist, of New England, iii. 337, note. 

|| Sewall's Diary, i. 127. 
'% Sewall's Diary, i. 130. 

•• Sewall's Diary, ii. 21,* 22,* 23.* 

1884.] Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. 175 

Mather, " Mr. Chiever the Father, stood up and pathetically desir'd 
his son might speak, but Mr. Moderator and others judg'd it 
not convenient, he not having by what he said given the Council 
encouragement." The result was that the Council which adjourned 
to meet in Boston, where meetings were held May 20th and 27th, 
and June 10th, 1686, advised the Church to grant him a "loving 

He removed shortly after this to Rumney Marsh, f then a part of 
. Boston, but which was incorporated in 1739 as a distinct town under 

jP the name of Chelsea. The inhabitants of Rumney Marsh had suc- 

ceeded as early as 1701 in obtaining a vote$ of the town authoriz- 
ing the establishment of a school there, but nothing appears to have 
been done until the following vote§ was passed by the selectmen of 
Boston, January 24, 1709, " That in case M r Thomas Cheever do 
undertake and attend the keeping Such School at his House four 
dayes in a weeke weekly for y* space of one year ensueing, and ren- 
der an acco* vnto the Selectmen once every Quarter of the number 
of Children or Schollars belonging untoy* s d district, wh ch shall duly 
attend the S d School, he shall be allowed & paid out of the Town 
Treasury after the Rate of Twenty pounds p annum for his service." 
The Register for Jan., 1864 (xviii. 109), contains his " account of 
y e schollars attending y e School in Rumny-marish for reading, 
writing, and cyphering, in the last quarter: ending February: 8th 
1709-10:— 3 from Hog island; 2 of Jon°: Tuttle; 2 of Edw d Tut- 
tle: sen r ; 4 of Elisha Tuttle's; 4 of Hugh Floyd's; 2 of John 
Floyd's ; 2 of Chamberlane's ; 3 of Will: Hassey ; 1 of Abra: Has- 
sey ; 2 of Lewis's ; 1 of Cole's ; 3 of Marble ; 1 of Pratt ; 1 of 
Center's; 2 of Cheever>."|| 

On the formation of the church in Rumney Marsh, October 19, 
1715, he was ordainedH as its first minister. The Rev. Joseph 
Tuckerman, who was ordained in Chelsea, November 4, 1801, in a 
sermon** preached to commemorate the completion of twenty years of 
his pastorate, says : "Mr. Cheever had been minister of the church 
in Maiden ; but his records contain no reference to this fact; and 
whatever were the circumstances which occasioned his separation 
from that church, they do not appear to have come before the coun- 
cil which ordained him here. But one only remains among us who 
distinctly remembers him ; although two others who sat under his 
ministry are still living with us. I am told that he was much re- 
spected at home ; and his records bear ample testimony to the 

• Dean's Memoir of Wiirglesworth, p. 90. 

t Suffolk Deeds, L. 15, f. 2. 

1 Memorial Hist, of Boston (Rumney Marsh, etc., by the Hon. Mellen Chamberlain), ii. 

6 Boston Selectmen's Minutes, i. 177. 

| The Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, in the Memorial History of Boston (ii. 380), has given 
a fac-simile of another of these returns, the original of which is in his exceedingly valuable 
manuscript collection, for the two quarters ending Feb. 8, 1713-4. 

\ Judge Sewall was present at this ordination. See Diarv, iii. 63. 

•• This is the sermon referred to by the Hon. Mellen Chamberlain in his Studies in Chel- 
■ea History, published in the Chelsea Telegraph and Pioneer of Nov. 20, 1880, as not to be 
found in any of the libraries in or about Boston. The extracts here printed are made, with 
his permission, from the copy which he at last succeeded in obtaining. 

Boone, at his Shop in Cornhill, 1726.' 


176 Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

regard which was felt for him by neighbouring churches. There was 
at that time more of ostensible discipline in the church, than there is 
at this day ; and the minute detail which he has left of complaints 
and investigations, of publick censures, acknowledgments and par- 
dons, at once indicate the strong feeling which the church then had 
of its power and its duty, and shew that he was not behind those of 
his cotemporaries, who were most zealous for ministerial fidelity, 
in this department of the sacred office. But I know not that we 
have any reason to think, that this mode of exercising power con- 
tributed to the advancement of the true interest of the church. That 
it gave occasion for the indulgence of bad passions, is as certain, as 
that it availed in any instance to the correction of evil. It grew, 
however, out of the spirit of the time, and is now almost unknown 
in this section of our country." 

" In consequence of his age and infirmities, it was determined that 
the 7th of October, 17-47, should be observed as a day of fasting and 
prayer, for the purpose of imploring the direction of Almighty God 
in the choice of a minister as colleague with the Rev. Mr. Cheever. 
.... It does not appear that he preached after this time ; and he 
died in November, 1749, retaining the unabated affection of those to 
whom he had dispensed the word and ordinances of the gospel." 
" He lived." says Sibley,* ;; to be the oldest surviving graduate of 
the college; Samuel Andrew, of the Class of 1675, the next oldest 
before him, having died in 1738." 

He died in Chelsea, Nov. 27, or Dec. 27, according to the inscrip- 
tion on his gravestone, 1740. His will (No. 9441), dated Oct. 13, 
1748, was probated Jan. 23, 1749. 

He married (1) Sarah, daughter of James Bill, Sen'r, of Pullen 
Point. She died January 30, 1704-5 (g-s.). He married (2) in 
Boston, July 30, 1707, Elizabeth Warren. She died May 10, 1727, 
cet. 64. He married (3) (pub. August 31, 1727) Abigail Jaryis, 
who survived him, and who died a widow in Boston, June 20, 1753, 
set. 84. Her will (No. 10489), dated March 28, 1750, was probated 
June 29, 1753. His children, all by his first wife, were : 


Sarah, m. in Boston, Nov. 7, 1701, Thomas Kendall. 

Josuua, b. Boston, Jan. 6, 1687. 

Abigail, b. Boston, May 20, 1690. 

Abigail, b. Boston, March '20, 1690-1 ; m. in Boston, June 3, 1714, John 

Ezekiel, b. Boston, March 7, 1691-2. 
Nathan, b. Boston, March 16, 1694. 

5. Samuel 3 CheevePw (Ezekiel? Ezekiel 1 ), weaver, born in Salem, Feb. 
9, 1689-90. Administration on his estate was granted Jan. 14, 
1733, to his widow, Mary Cheever. Their children,! all born in 
Salem, were : 

i. Abigail, b. Oct. 3, 1715 ; bapt. in Salem Village, Oct. 9, 1715. 
ii. Samuel, b. April 30, 1719 ; bapt. in Salem Village, June 7, 1719. 
iii. Israel, b. June 18, 1721 ; bapt. in Salem Village, Oct. 15, 1721 ; m. in 
Salem, May 25, 1750, Ruth Perkins, of Topsfield. 

• Sibley's Harvard Graduates, ii. 503. 
f Eliot's Biographical Dictionary, p. 108, note. 

t The births arc from the Salem records, the baptisms from the Hist. Col. Essex Insti- 
tute, xvi. 310, 313,314,317. 












1884.] Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants, 177 

iv. Mary, b. April 30, 1725 ; bapt. in Salem Village, Aug. 22, 1725. 
t. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 28, 1728. 

6. Ebenezer 3 Cheever (Ezekiel? Ezekiel 1 ), cooper, baptized in Salem 

Village, June 26, 1692 ; married in Salem, June 11, 1718, Sarah 
White. In a deed dated May 3, 1749, recorded with Essex Deeds, 
Lib. 102, fol. 7, and a deed dated May 19, 1763, recorded with 
Middlesex Deeds, Lib. 60, fol. 568, he describes himself as of Leba- 
non in the County of Windham and Colony of Connecticut. His 
children* were : 

i. Amos, bapt. Salem Village, May 1, 1720. 

ii. Nathan, bapt. Salem Village, Jan. 6, 1722. 

iii. Sarah, bapt. Salem Village, June 13, 1725. 

iv. Ebenezer, bapt. Salem Village, Sept. 24, 1727. 

7. Benjamin 3 Cheever (Ezekiel? Ezekiel 1 ), weaver, baptized in Salem 

Village, July 6, 1701 ; married (1) in Salem, October 21, 1725, 
Mercy Wilkins ; married (2) in Salem, September 18, 17-40, Ra- 
chel Stacey. He removed to Souhegan West, incorporated in 1760, 
and called Amherst, New Hampshire. Both he and his son Benja- 
min Cheever, Jr., signed the petitionf for protection agaiust the In- 
dians in 1747. His children, all by his first wife, and all born in 
Salem, were : 

i. A daughter, b. Dec. 31, 1726 ; d. a week after. 

ii. Benjamin, b. March 20, 1727-8. 

iii. Ezekiel, b. Nov. 8, 1729; d. Feb. 4, following. 

iv. Mercy, b. May 3, 1731. 

y. John, b. May 23, 1738. 

8. Thomas 3 Cheever ( Thomas? Ezekiel 1 ), gentleman ; was of Rumney 

Marsh as late as 1702, and in that year removed to Lynn. He is 
styled in earlier deeds cordwainer, 

yeoman and tanner. With Eben- ^^/£ yn /? 

ezer Merriam he built in 1723 < r 7fe# f &&&&? 
the first mill on baugus Kiver, at J/*"'' ^ **^ 

Boston Street crossing.! The pri- 1743. 

vilege had been granted^ October 27, 1721, by the town of Lynn to 
Benjamin Potter, Jacob Newhall and William Curtis, who resigned 
their graut|| October 8, 1722. At the same meeting the privilege 
was granted to Thomas Cheever and Ebenezer Merriam. He was 
an enterprising man, and the Church, Town and County records 
give ample evidence of his ceaseless activity. He took the foremost 
part in the formation of the church in the third parish of Lynn, of 
which his son Edward was the first settled minister. This parish 
was incorporated as a distinct town in 1815 and named Saugus. He 
was one of the directors of the Manufactory Company^! in 1740. 

He died in Lynn, Nov. 8, 1753, and administration on his estate 
was granted Dec. 17, 1753, to his son Joshua Cheever. 

He married (1) in Boston, Feb. 11, 1701, Mary Bordman, daugh- 
ter of William Bordman ; (2) in Lynn, August 6, 1712, Mary Ba- 

• These baptisms are from the Hist. Col. Essex Institute, xvi. 313, 315, 316, 318. 
t Town Papers, New Hampshire, ix. 8, 9. 

I Newhall's Lewis's Hist, of Lynn, 320. 
} Town Records, 1706-1754, p. 132. 

II Town Records, 1706-1754, p. 153. 
H Suffolk Deeds, L. 60, f. 21. 













178 Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

ker, who died in Lynn, May 10, 1753. He married (3) October 
19, 1753, Mary [Emerson ?], who survived him. His son Abner, 
in his family Bible,* thus records some of these events: %i May y* 
10 th 1753 my mother Cheever Deperted this Life October y e 19 
on Friday my Father marred again, brgt his wife horn on fryday 
y e 26, he Brock his leag on monday y e 29, & thirsd Com Senet 
November y e 8 1753 he Deperted This Life." 

The children he had by his first wife, all born in Lynn, were : 

Mary, b. Nov. 3, 170Q. 
Thomas, b. Feb. 25, 1704-5. 
William, b. May 21 , 1708. 
Abner, b. Feb. 19, 1709-10. 

His children by his second wife, all born in Lynn, were : 

Ezekiel, b. March 25, 1714. 
Joshua, b. Oct. 4, 1715. 
Edward, b. May 2, 1717. 

17. viii. ABUAU,b. Dec. 11, 1718. 
ix. John, b. June 13, 1720. 

x. Mary, b. April 10, 1722 ; m. in Lynn, Dec. 24, 1739, Timothy Upham,f 
of Maiden. 

xi. Sarah, b. Feb. 14, 1723-4; m. (1) in Lynn, March 8, 1752, Capt. Wil- 
liam RobyJ ; m. (2) (pvb. May 23, 1757) Col. James Frye, of Andover. 

18. xii. Abner, b. Jan. 24, 1725-6. 

xiii. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 16, 1727; m. in Lynn, Sept. 18, 1761, Jacob Parker, 
of Maiden. 

9. Joshua 3 Cheever {Thomas, 2 Ezekiel 1 ), merchant, born in Boston, 
Jan. 6, 1687. He was one of the original members of the New 
North Church § in Boston, which was gathered Oct. 20, 1714, was 
chosen deacon Nov. 1, 1720, ruling elder July 11, 173G, ordained 
August 7, 1737. He was one of the selectmen of Boston. || 1730-2, 
one of the Prince subscribers*! in 173G, and in 1741 was commander 
of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company.** 

He married (1) in Boston, Nov. 2, 1708, Sarah Warren. She 
died in Boston, Jan. 26. 1723, set. 37 yrs. He married (2) in Boston, 
Nov. 5, 1724, Sarah Jenkins, widow of David Jenkins and daugh- 
ter of Robert Sears. 

• This Bible is now in the possession of Prof. David W. Cheever, M.D., of Boston, a 
great-grandson of Abner Cheever. Extracts from the family record it contains were pub- 
lished by William B. Trask, Esq., in the Register for January, 1S78 (xxxii. 90). The 
name of the third wife of Thomas 3 Cheever is not given, nor have 1, so far, been able to 
discover the record of this marriage. The Lynn records, however, under date of Septem- 
ber 30, 1753, record the intention of marriage of Mr. Thomas Cheever and Mrs. Mary Em- 
erson, of Reading, and a certificate was issued October 15, 17-53. This Thomas was in 
all probability Thomas 3 Cheever, but as his grandson Thomas 5 Cheever also had a wife 
Mary, whom he must have married about this time, I hesitate to state the fact positively 
and without reservation. There is great confu>ion attending the marriages of these various 
Thomas and Mary Checvers, and Mr. Savage (Gen. Diet. i. 372) has actually married the 
Rev. Thomas' Cheever to Mary Bordman, the wife of his son Thomas 3 Cheever. In thi3 
mistake he has been followed by subsequent writers, not however by the accurate and 
painstaking Sibley (Harvard Graduates, ii. 506), who has called attention to this error. 

t Register, i. 43; xii. 241; xxiii. 37. 

J The date of this marriage was March 8, 1752, according to the returns in the office of 
the Clerk of the Courts, Salem. According to the Church Records it was Jan. 3, 1752. 

§ The original records of the New North Church, as the society has become extinct, are 
deposited with the City Clerk. A tran-cript, made by the late Thomas 13. Wyrnan, Jr., 
has been placed by the Record Commissioners in the City Registrar's office. See also 
Snow's Hist. Boston, 212 ; Memorial Hist. Boston, ii. 220. 

|| Town Records, iii. 12, 17, 28. 

% Register, vi. 191; Memorial Hist. Boston, ii. 5C2. 

** Transcript of the records of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company deposited 
in the Boston Athenaeum. Sec also Memorial Hist. Boston, iii. 301. 

1884.] Ezekiel Cheever and some of Ms Desceyidmits. 179 

His will (No. 9898), dated Oct. 20, 1750, and a codicil dated 
June 25, 1751, were probated Dec. 18, 1751. His estate was ap- 
praised at £48972: 14: 9, old tenor, or £G529. 13. 9i L. money. 
Administration (No. 11069) on the estate of Sarah Cheever, his 
widow, was granted June 13, 1755, to her son David Jenkins of 
Boston, merchant. No issue. 

10. Ezekiel 3 Cheever ( Thomas* Ezekiel 1 ), Hon., born in Boston, March 
7, 1691-2 ; removed to Charlestown. He is styled mariner, captain 
and merchant in various documents. He was one of the selectmen* 
of Charlestown in 1732 and subsequent years, a representative! for 
several terms, beginning in 1736, and in 1743 was chosen one of 
His Majesty's Council.^ He was of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company§ in 1733, and one of the Prince subscribers|| in 
1736. Leave was granted him, August 2, 1736,^[ to build "a Tomb 
on the burial hill, near Cha : Chambers Esq re ." He was, with 
others of the Council, added to the committee of the General 
Court,** appointed in 1744, to provide transports for the expe- 
dition to Lonisburs, and as a member of the Council in 1757 
his signature appears affixed to the commissionft of Sir "William Pep- 
perrell as Lieutenant General. The Boston Chronicle. XX ili- 87, c. 1, 
contains the following notice of his death : "Boston Mar. 15, 1770, 
— Last week died at Charlestown, the Hon. Ezekiel Cheever, Esq., in 
the 78th year of his age ; formerly a Rep. in the General Court for 
that town, and many years a member of his Maj's Council for thi3 

He married (1) in Charlestown, September 29, 1715, Elizabeth 
Jenner.§§ She died in Charlestown, May 5, 1728. He married 
(2) in Charlestown, September 25, 1729, Elizabeth Gill, daughter 
of Michael Gill, and (3) in Charlestown, November 11, 1736, Sarah 

Administration on his estate, which was appraised at £1003: 18: 7^, 
was granted to his sou David, who gave bond, May 15, 1770. Hi3 
childrenli^f were : 

* Charlestown Archives, xxiii. 1-57 et seq. Memorial History of Boston (Charlestown by- 
Henry H. Edes), ii. 32-5. At a town meeting held in Charlestown, March 2, 1746-7 (xxiii. 
327), he was again chosen one of the selectmen, but declined. The town then " Voted the 
Hon ble . Ezekiel Cheever the thanks of the Town for his good Service in the Several offices 
he has Sustained in the Town lor many years." 

t Charlestown Archives, xxiii. 199 et seq. 

t Charlestown Archives, xxiii. 287. 

$ Transcript of the Records of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, deposited 
in the Boston Athenaeum. 

|| Register, vi. 191 ; Memorial Hist. Boston, ii. 562. 

^I Charlestown Archives, xxiii. 202. This torn!) has armorial bearings cut in stone, with 
this inscription : " Xo 57 Ezekiel Chef.ver E-q r His Tomb, 1744." The arms, however, 
are not the Cheever, but the Cheytor arms. Letter of J. C. J. Brown, Esq., Sept. 3, 1883; 
Heraldic Journal, i. 46, 72; Register, xviii. 268. 
. ** Mass. Gen. Ct. Rcc. xvii. (4) 662. 

ft Register, xxi. 208. 

Jt Reoister, xxiii. 209. See also the Essex Gazette for March 20, 1770. 

$$ Register, xix. 248. 

till [Sarah Mousall was daughter of Nicholas Lynde and widow of Jonathan Phillips and 
Thomas Mousall. Bv her lirst husband she was the mother of Sarah Phillips who mar- 
ried Ezekiel (19) Cheever. (D. P. Corey. Wyman's Gen. and Estates of Charlestown. )1 

^rtl The births are from the Charlestown records, the baptisms from the " Record Book of 
the First Church in Charlestown," as printed by James F. Hunnewell, Esq., in the Regis- 
ter, xxxi. 326, xxxii. 61, 63, 169, 173, 174. lu the record of baptism of Elizabeth, the 
mother's name is erroneously given as Abigail. 


180 Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

19. i. Ezekiel, bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown, May 15, 1720. 

20. ii. David, b. Charlestown, June 1, 1722; bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown, 
June 3, 1722. 

Elizabeth, b. Charlestown, Jan. 1, 1723-4; bapt. 1st Church, Charles- 
town, Jan. 5, 1723-4; m. in Charlestown, October 29, 1741, Samuel 

iv. Sarah, b. Charlestown, July 21, 1727 ; bapt. 1st Church, Charles- 
town, July 23, 1727 ; m. (1) in Charlestown, Nov. 30, 1749, Thomas 
Savage;* m. (2) (pub. in Boston. Sept. 26, 1765) William Taylor. 

V. Thomas, b. Charlestown, July 2, 1730; bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown, 
July 5, 1730 ; Ilarv. Coll. 1750. Captain of a company in the French 
and Indian War. (Muster Rolls, xcvi. 53, 63-6. Charlestown Archives, 
xxiii. 476.) 

vi. Relief, b. Charlestown, Aug. 30, 1731 ; bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown, 
Sept. 5, 1731. 

vii. Joshua, b. Charlestown, May 1738. 

11. Nathan 3 Cheever (Thomas* EzeJciel 1 ), gentleman, born in Boston, 

March 16, 1694. At a town meeting! held in Boston, March 15, 
1725, he was chosen constable for Kuinney Marsh. After the in- 
corporation of Chelsea he was one of its selectmen.! He was of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company§ in 1733. He 
married (1) (jnib. Nov. 8, 1721) Hannah Brooks.|| She died 
July 1, 1724 (g.s.). He married (2) in Boston, February 15, 1738, 
Anna Fuller, widow of Nathaniel Fuller and daughter of Samuel 
Burrill, of Lynn. She died November 10, 1740. He died Sep- 
tember 30, 1774 (g.s.). Buried " Oct r 2 1774 Lieut Nathan Chee- 
ver JE* 81 years."l[ His will (No. 15704), dated October 2, 1769, 
was probated October 21, 1774, and his estate was appraised at 
£840: 4: 6. He had one child by each of his wives : 

21. i. Nathan, b. in Boston (R. M.), Jan. 15, 1722 ; bapt. in Rumney Marsh, 

Jan. 20, 1722-3. 

22. ii. Joshua, b. in Chelsea, Oct. 10, 1740 ; bapt. in Chelsea, Oct. 12, 1740. 

12. Thomas 4 Cheever (Thomas, 3 Thomas, 2 Ezekiel 1 ), yeoman, born in 

Lynn, Feb. 25, 1704-5; married in Lynn, March 5, 1729-30, Eu- 
nice Ivory,** daughter of John Ivory. His will, dated February 13, 
1734-5, was probated April 7, 1735. Their children, both born in 
Lynn, were : 

i. Mart, b. May 4, 1732; m. in Lynn, Sept. 26, 1754, Aaron Boardman, 
and died a widow, Sept. 14, 1805 (g.s.). 

23. ii. Thomas, b. Feb. 20, 1733-4. 

13. "William 4 Cheever (Thomas, 3 Thomas, 1 EzeHeF), gentleman, born 

in Lynn, May 21, 1708; married (pub. in Lynn, Jan. 28, 1727-8) 
Sarah His will, dated May 13, 1748, was probated Sept. 19, 
1748. His children were : 

24. i. William, b. in Lynn, Dec. 22, 1728. 

25. ii. Ezekiel. 

• Register, i. 82. 

f Boston Town Records, ii. 450. 

t Chelsea Town Records, i. 2, et seq. 

§ Transcript of the Records of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Co., deposited in 
the Boston Athenaeum. 

H [Hannah Brooks, daughter of Ebenezer and Abigail (Boylston) Brooks of Medford, 
was born April 15, 1701. D. P. Corey.] 

II Chelsea Church Records. 

•* Eunice Cheever, probably widow of Thomas (12) Cheever, and John Boardman wer« 
married in Lynn, Jan. 8, 1740-1. 

ft [Sarah Waite, daughter of William and Abigail (Lynde) Waite of Maiden, was born 
JulyS, 1710. D. P. Corey.] 

1881.1 Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. 181 

iii. Sarah, m. in Lynn, Oct. 14, 1747, John Mansfield. 

it. Mary, m. in Lynn, Nov. 7, 1750, Elijah Newhall. 

14. Ezektel 4 Cheever {Tliomas? Thomas, 2 Ezehiel 1 ), schoolmaster, born 

in Lynn, March 25, 1714; graduated at Harvard College 173o ; 
married in Salisbury, Jan. 29, 1735— G, Rachel Greely. She died in 
Salisbury, Dec. 24, 1739. In a deed dated Dec. 31, 1754, recorded 
with Essex Deeds, L. 10G, f. 54, he styles himself of Morristown, 
County of Morris, New Jersey, gentleman. In a deed dated March 
24, 1778, recorded with Essex Deeds, L. 161, f. 81, John Beach of 
Morris Town, New Jersey, yeoman, attorney for the heirs of Eze- 
kiel Cheever, late of Morris Town, deceased, conveys to Abner Chee- 
ver, Jr.. of Lynn, certain estate set oft to Ann Cheever, widow of 
Deacon Abijah Cheever, of Lynn. Children,* born in Salisbury, 
were : 

i. Eleanor, b. Nov. 20, 1736 ; bapt. Dec. 5, 1730 : d. Dec. 26, 1736. 
ii. Mary, b. Jan. 13, 1737-8 ; bapt. Feb. 19, 1737; d. March 18, 1737-8. 
iii. Humphrey, b. June 3, 1739; bapt. June 10, 1739. 

15. Joshua 4 Cheever {Tlwmas? Thomas 2 Ezehiel 1 ), gentleman, born in 

Lynn, Oct. 4, 1715 ; married (1) in Lynn, Oct. 10, 1745, Hannah 
Perkins ; married (2) {pub. April 25, 1784) Rebecca Weston, of 
Reading. By decree of the Probate Court for the County of Mid- 
dlesex, April 3, 1788, her estate was settled on her brother Ebene- 
zer Weston, of Amherst, N. H. 

16. Edward 4 Cheever {Thomas? Thomas 2 Ezehiel 1 ), Rev., born in 

Lynn, May 2, 1717 ; graduated at Harvard College, 1737. He was 
admitted to full communion with the Third Church of Ipswich (now 
Hamilton), Dec. 25, 1737. 

At a meeting held March 27, 1738-9, the newlv formed society 
of the Third Parish of Lynn, now Saugus, secured his services as 
preacher until the following July, and he was chosen, July 3, 1739, 
as their first settled minister. lie remained here about eight years. 
He carelessly neglected to keep records during his ministry, and his 
successor, the Rev. Joseph Robv, who was ordained August 2, 
1750, complains that wishing to obtain an exact list of the commu- 
nicants on taking "y e charge of v e flock of Christ here," he was 
M unhappily disappointed, as his predecessor had left nothing relat- 
ing to v e matter in writing all that could be recovered was a copy 
of y e Church covenant & y e names of y e persons" who first joined. 

In deeds dated May 31, 1750, and June 1, 1750, recorded with 
Suffolk Deeds, L, 82, f. 228, and L. 103, f. 90, respectively, and in 
a deed dated May 15, 1750, recorded with Essex Deeds, L. 99, 
f. 110, he is styled of Wreutham, Clerk and Preacher of the 

He was installed in 1751 as minister of the Church in Eastham,t 
but "no records of the church are found which were kept by him" 
during his long ministry there of forty-three years. 

* The births and deaths arc from copies made by Samuel J. Brown, E-;q., Town Clerk 
of Salisbury. The baptisms are from the Hist. Coll. Essex Institute, xvi. 204, 205. In 
the original record of the death of Eleanor, the name ot the mother is incorrectly given as 
Eleanor instead of Rachel. 

t Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., 1st Scries, vlii. 185; Pratt's Hist, of Eastham, Weilfleet and Or- 
leans, 68. 





182 Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants, [April, 

He died in Eastham, August 16, 1794, and his will,* dated Sept. 
24, 1792, was probated Sept. 8, 1794. His estate was appraised at 
£226. 16. 4. 

He married (1) in Ipswich, Dec. 11, 1739, Martha Wigglesworth, 
of Ipswich, and (2) in Eastham, June 13, 1788, Dorcas Cook, who 
survived him. His childrenf were : 

i. Edward, b. d. before 1793, leaving a son Edward Maxin Cheever. 

ii. Martha, b. m. in Eastham, March 14, 1770, John Atwood. 

iii. Samuel, b. m. {pub. in Eastham, May 12, 1781) Thankful Ham- 

mond, of Rochester. Children — 1. Thankful, b. Eastham, April 10, 
1782 ; 2. Samuel, b. Eastham, Sept. 6, 1783 ; 3. Edward, b. 

17. Abijah 4 Cheever (Thomas, 3 Thomas* Ezekiel 1 ), tanner, born in 

Lynn, Dec. 11, 1718 ; married in Lynn, Nov. 22, 1759, Ann, wid- 
ow of Thomas Mansfield.! Administration on his estate, which was 
appraised at £1834: 3: 8, was granted Nov. 6, 1775, to his brother 
Joshua Cheever. 

18. Abner 4 Cheever (Thomas, 3 Thomas, 2 Ezekiel 1 ), Esq., born in Lynn, 

Jan. 24, 1725-6; married in Lynn, Nov. 8, 1752, Elizabeth New- 
hall ;§ died in Lynn, April m A ^)* 
22, 1796. His widow died M JUL* /> ^^TW \ 
[July 29, 1799]. His will, 
dated May 30, 1794, was 1775. 
probated Sept. 26, 1796. His estate was appraised at $8453.45. 
Their children, all born in Lynn, were : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 21, 1753. 

26. ii. Abner, b. March 16, 1755. 

iii. Sarah, b. Oct. 1, 1750 ; d. in Lynn, Nov. 18, 1774. 
iv. Joshua, b. June 10, 1758. 

27. v. Abijah, > . • f b. May 23, 1760. 

vi. Ann, 5 twms ' I b. May 23, 1760 ; d. in Saugus, Oct. 16, 1827. 
vii. Mehitabel, b. July 23, 1762 ; m. in Lynn, November 15, 1783, Thomas 

28. viii. Lot, b. Aug. 6, 1764. 

29. ix. Ezekiel, b. Dec. 24, 1766. 

19. Ezekiel 4 Cheever (Ezekiel, 3 Thomas, 2 Ezekiel 1 ), sugar baker, bap- 

tized iu Charlestown, May 15, 1720. He was one of the selectmen|j 
of Charlestown from 1752 to 1755, but afterward removed to Boston. 
He was among the Sons of Liberty^" who dined, August 14, 1769, 
at Liberty Tree, Dorchester. He took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of the inhabitants of Boston and the neighboring towns at 
the meeting** held in Faneuil Hall, adjourned to the Old South 
Church, Nov. 29 and 30, 1773, to oppose the landing of the tea, 
and was made captain of the watch set on the 30th to observe the 

• Certified copies of will and Probate proceedings made by Freeman H. Lothrop, Esq., 
Register of Probate. 

f These Eastham births, deaths and marriages are from copies made by Freeman 
Mayo, Esq., Town Clerk of Orleans. 

X The date of this marriage is Nov. 22, 1759, according to the Town Records, but the 
Church Records say Nov. 23, 1759. 

§ Nov. 9, 1752, according to the entry in the family bible before referred to. 

f| Charlestown Archives, xxiii. 3SC, 401, 413, 427. 

^1 Proceedings Mass. Hist. Society, 18G9-70. 

** Original minutes of these meetings, now in the possession of the Overseers of the Poor, 
published in the Proceedings of the Mass. Hist. Soc, 1S82-3, p. 10; Snow's Hist, of Bos- 
ton, &91, 293 ; Hist. Coll. Essex Institute, xii. 226. 

18#4.] Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. 183 

tea ships that night. He was appointed, August 17, 1775, Com- 
missary of Artillery* of the Revolutionary Army. 

• He married (1) in Charlestown, July 14, 1743, Sarah Phillips; 
married (2) in Boston, May 29, 1784, Sarah (Weaver) Gooch, 
widow of John Gooch.f The will (No. 20392) of Sarah Cheever, 
the widow of Ezekiel 4 Cheever, dated July 3, 1793, was probated 
Feb. 10, 1795. Her estate was appraised at £719: 16: 6, the real 
estate, consisting of house and land? at the corner of Winter and 
Newbury (now Washington) St., Boston, being appraised at £G00. 
His children, all born in Charlestown, were : 

* Proceedings Mass. Hist. Society, 1876-7, p. 141; Memorial Hist. Boston, iii. 101, 116; 
Frothingham's Siege of Boston, App. 408. 

f The intention of marriage of Ezekiel Cheever, Jr., and Elizabeth Hughes was published 
in Boston, Nov. 14, 1769. 

♦ In the Bjok of Possessions (SO) the possession of Robert Blott in Boston is thus de- 
tcribed: "One house & garden bounded w t! * the streete on the east & north: M r 
flint on the south : John Leverit on the west." In his will (No. 39"'), dated 27: 3 m °. 1662, 
probated Feb. 1, 166-5, he gives to Edward Ellis, his son in law, the husband of Sarah, a 
daughter of the testator, "my howse and the Lotte belonging theare Vnto; with all the 
appurtenances." In a codicil dated March 27, 1665, he declares that " wheras 1 have 
given my house & Ground unto my sonn Eliis, my meaning & will heerin i> only this that 
it is for the Good And Beniffit of my Daughter Sara & the children of ray sonn Ellis by 
her during their lives or the snrviver off them, but my meaning is not that it shall at all 
goe from him otherwise then for their beniffitt and therby of him in them." In the in- 
ventory of his estate, tiled Feb. 1, 1665, " y e dwellinge house & land adioyningc " were 
appraised at £100. 

By deed dated April 12, 1677, recorded with Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 10, fol. 73, Edward Ellis, 
cbirurgoon and Sarah his wife, convey to Isaac Walker, tailor, a portion of this estate front- 
ing on Blott's Lane. After the death of Ellis, Sarah Ellis his widow, Robert Ellis, barber 
chirurgeon, William Ruck, mariner, and Mary his wife, said Robert and Mary being the 
only children of said Edward and Sarah, convey in mortgage to John Poster, Esq by deed 
of mortgage dated June 17, 169-5, recorded Lib". 17, fol. 92, still another portion of their 
estate, the portion so mortgaged being bounded easterly 40 feet by " the street leading to- 
wards Roxburv " [Washington St.], and northerly 100ft. bv Blott's Lane [Winter St.]. 

Robert Ellis, in his will (No. 4312) dated Feb. 23, 1719, probated April 18, 1720, devises 
one third of his c>tate real and personal, to his wife Elizabeth during her life, to be disposed 
of at her death as she shall see fit, and the other two thirds to his six children, Edward, 
Thomas, Robert, Samuel, Sarah and Elizabeth. He makes his wife Elizabeth and his 
brother in law James Peinberton, executors of his will, giving them power to sell before 
any division of his estate is made, provided such division be no longer delayed than such 
time as his youngest child shall arrive at the age of 15 years. In his inventory, tiled July 
4, 1720, " 2 houses at the south end of the town & the Laud thereunto belonging fronting 
Newberry & Winter street," were appraised at £800. 

Elizabeth Ellis, widow, conveys to Elizabeth and Abigail Phillips, spinsters, bv deed of 
mortgage dated Oct. 15, 1720, recorded Lib. 3-5, fol. 28, these two houses and the land be- 
longing to them, to secure the payment of £300, the estate being described as 76f. on New- 
bury Street, 70f. in the rear and 220f. on Winter Street, and 22 if. on the south, Thomas 
BannNter being the abutter on the south and west. This mortgage was discharged on the 
margin of the record Oct. 12, 1722, by Abigail Phillips and by James Townsend who had 
married Elizabeth Phillips. In August of the latter year the widow again mortgaged this 
estate (L. 36, f. 127) to Abigail Phillips to secure the payment of £400. By reason of the 
non-payment of said principal sum and the interest thereon, the mortgagee, then the wife 
of John Er win, mariner, recovered judgment for possession of said estate at the Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas, and possession was delivered to said Ervvin, Dec. 23, 1727. The 
tenants at that time were John Durant, smith, Joseph Simpson, clogmaker, and Anne 
Stone, retailer. The smithy was at the corner of Newbury and Winter Streets, and the 
rent was £8 per annum. Erwin and wife, by deed dated June 15,1728, recorded L. 42, 
i. 179, conveyed the estate, which they describe as 210 f. deep, to Benjamin Peinberton. 

By letter of attorney, dated April 13, 1727 (Lib. 40, fol. 323), Edward Ellis and Thomas 
Ellis, surgeons, Thomas Kilby, merchant, and Sarah his wife, empower " Our honoured 
mother M" Elizabeth Ellis of Boston aforesd Widow and Shopkeeper," to sell and convey 
three fifth parts of the houses and lands on Newbury and Winter Streets, late the estate of 
their father Robert Ellis, surgeon, deceased, and "they ratify and confirm the mortgage 
made by her. In answer to her petition presented to the General Court, Jan. 24, 1727, she 
was authorized to make sale of the mortgaged premises. She then by deed, dated 
Apn 26, 172S (L. 42, f. 98), conveyed the estate, described as 240 f. deep, to" said Benjamin 
Peinberton. *' . 

Benjamin Pembcrton having thus acquired title to the Ellis estate, divided it into smaller 

184 Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

i. Ezekiel, b. April 29, 1744. 

ii. Jonathan, b. Aug. 13. 1745; d. in Charlestown, May 27, 1747. 

ill- Joshua, b. Oct. 20, 1747; d. in Charlestown, April 23. 1748. 

iv. Sarah, b. July 15, 1751 ; d. in Boston, April 21, 1822, unmarried, tes- 
tate. (Will No. 26676.) 

T. Ruzabeth, b. Dec. 2, 1752 : d. in Boston, Jan. 5. 1835. 

vi. Abigail, b. May 25, 1754 : d. in Boston, Feb. 22, 1836, unmarried, tes- 
tate. (Will No. 31142.) 

vii. Grace, b. Aug. 26, 1756 ; m. the Rev. Samuel Whitman.* 

viii. Jonathan, b. July 20, 1758. 

ix. Joshua, b. April 22, 1761. 

20. David 4 Ciieever {Ezekiel? Thomas,' 1 Ezehiel}), distiller, born in 
Charlestown, June 1. 1722. He was one of the selectmenf of 
Charlestown from 1761 to 1768, but after the burning of the town 
removed to Boston. At the meeting! of the people in the Old 
South Church in Boston, December 14, 1773, to take action concern- 
ing the tea, he was chosen moderator, but as he was not to be found, 
Samuel P. Savage was chosen in his stead. He was one of the 
committee appointed at the meeting to go with Mr. Rotch to the 
Collector to obtain a clearance for the tea ships. At a town meeting§ 
held in Charlestown, November 27, 1773, he was chosen one of the 
Committee of Correspondence. He was a delegate to the Provincial 
Congressjl in 1774: and 1775, and in 177G a Representative to the 

parcels, and by deed, dated June 13, 1728 (L. 42, f 193), conveyed to Edward Durant, 
blacksmith, that part of it measuring easterly on Newbury Street 20 feet, northerly on 
Winter Street 100 feet, westerly on an alley 20 feet, and southerly on the remaining part of 
said Pembcrton's land 103 feet. Darant then mortgaged for £1^0 (L. 43, f. 9J) the estate so 
conveyed to him, described as dwelling houses and land in the tenure of Mrs. Faith Waldo 
and Capt. Thomas Child, to John Dnpee and Stephen Boutincan, elders of the French 
Church. This mortgage was discharged April 3, 173 ), on the margin of the record by Ste- 
phen Boutincan, and Durant, stvling himself of Newton, gentleman, convevs by deed dated 
Ausust 16, L738 (L. 56, f. 242), to Samuel Brown of Worcester, tailor, the easterly half of 
his estate measuring 20 feet on Newbury Street and 50 feet on Winter Street, going so far 
"West as to take in half the well and pump. Brown, then of Leicester, in the County of 
Worcester, after mortgaging thi> estate (L. 57, f. 147) to Jonathan Brown and Joseph Pat- 
erson of Watertown, yeomen, by deed of mortgage discharged by them, Dec. 2G, 1739, on 
the margin of the record, conveyed it by deed dated Dee. 17, 1739 (L. 58, f. 179)) to Powers 
Mariott of Boston, barber. 

Powers Mariott, shopkeeper, in consideration of love and affection for Sarali Weaver of 
Boston, minor, and "Neice unto Katharine my Wife, and for her advancement in the 
World," conveys this estate by deed dated Dec. 15, 1752 (L. 81, f. 197), to John Spooner, 
merchant, in trust for said Sarah from and after the decease of said Katharine. 

The will (No. 20040) of Catherine Marriot of Boston, widow, was probated Nov. 13, 1792. 
Sarah Weaver, m. (I.) 1770, John Gooch, (II.) 1784, Ezekiel Cheever. After the death of 
her second husband she conveyed this c>tate by deed, recorded September 7, 1793 (L. 177, 
f. 48), to Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail Cheever, spinsters, her "daughters in law," to hold 
to them and the survivor of them after her decease. In her will (No. 2U39>), dated July 
3, 1793, probated February 10, 1795, she makes her three " daughters in law " her residuary 

Sarah and Abigail Cheever, spinsters, mortgage their two undivided third parts of this 
estate (L. ISO, f. 217), to Sarah Russetl of Boston, minor, daughter of Thomas Russell j de- 
ceased, under guardianship of William Scaver of Kingston This mortgage was discharg- 
ed April 14, IkO'J, on the margin of the record by William Seaver, guardian. 

Sarah, Elizabeth and Abigail Cheever, spinsters, then eonvev the estate by deed dated 
Jan. 1, 1803 (L. 204, fol. 41), for $3733£ to John Parker Whitwell, apothecary. 

* Ezekiel Cheever Whitman, a son of the Rev. Samuel and Grace (Cheever) Whitman, 
bom in Ashby, Sept. 17, 1783, had his name changed by act of the legislature, June 12, 
1828, to Ezekiel Cheever. See Reg., xxxiii. 183, note. 

t Charlestown Archives, xxiii. 564; xxiv. 12, 31, 51, 76, 100, 118, 137. 

t Proceedings Mass. Hist. Society, 1S82-3, p. 15. 

§ Charlestown Archives, xxiv. 250. 

|| Charlestown Archives, xxiv. 275, 287. Journals of the Provincial Congress 8, 78, 274, 
Frothingham's Siege of Boston, 55, 129. Proceedings Mass. Hist. Society, 1871-3, p. 2>9, 
note. " On the 9th of July [1775] the Congress ' resolved, that Deacon Cheever be a com- 
mittee to bring in a resolve, empowering the committee of supplies to furnish General 
Washington with such articles of household furniture as he had wrote to said committee 
for.' " 


1884.1 Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descetidants. 185 

General Court* at Watertown. He was nominated, f March 29, 
1776, one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas for the 
County of Middlesex. 

He married (1) in Charlestown, December 8, 1748, Elizabeth 
Foster ;t married ("2) in Salem, October 9, 1760, Elizabeth Gray.§ 
She died in Dorchester. Oct. 10,1811, aged 71. Her will (Nor- 
folk, No. 3485), dated July 16, 1811, approved by him of the same 
date, was presented for probate, but was disallowed, Dec. 3. 1811, 
she being a femme covert Administration on her estate, however, 
was granted Feb. 7, 1815, to Benjamin Leverett, of Boston, who 
represented that both, she and her husband were then deceased. 
His children (j were: 

i. Mary, bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown. Jan. 20, 1750-1. 

ii. MARr,bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown, Feb. 18, 1753; in. [Ephraim IlallJ. 

iii. David, bapt. 1st Church, Charlestown, Sept. 22, 1754. 

21. Nathan 4 Cheever (Nathan* Thomas, 2 Ezehiel 1 ), born in Boston, 

(R. M.), Jan. 15, 1722 ; baptized in Kumney Marsh, Jan. 20, 1722 
-'3 ; graduated at Harvard College in 1741. In 1743 he taught 
school in Manchester, Mass.lf He is styled blacksmith in some doc- 
uments. He married in Chelsea. March 4, 1744, Elizabeth Tuttle. 
Buried "Jan. 13, 1787 Nathan Cheever A.M. J£ l 64."** His wid- 
ow died in Chelsea, Feb. 15, 1814, aged 66 years. Their children 

i. Nathan, b. Chelsea, March 11, 1745. 

ii. Joseph, b. Chelsea, August 17, 1748; d. in Chelsea, June 22, 1752 

(June 22. 1751, g.s.). 
iii. Jacob, b. Chelsea, Nov. 27, 1750. 

30. iv. Joseph, b. Chelsea, Dec. 3, 1752. 

v. Thomas, b. Chelsea, April 17, 1754; d. in Maiden, Dec. 1813. 
vi. Betsey, b. Chelsea, Dec. 16, 1760. 

vii. Hannah, b. Chelsea, Dec. 16, 1763; m. [April 18, 1793] William Em- 
mons, of Maiden. 
viii. Samuel, b. killed by lightning; buried Aug. 5, 1799, JEt. 34. ff 

22. Joshua 4 Cheever (Xathan? Thomas? Ezehiel 1 ), gentleman, born in 

Chelsea, Oct. 10, 1740; married in Chelsea, May 8, 1765, Abigail 
Eustis,4t who died in Chelsea, Feb. 1809, aged 63 years. He 

died in Chelsea, Jan. 15, 1813. His will (No. 24104), dated June 
5, 1809, was probated Jan. 25, 1813. His estate was appraised at 
$5478.50. Their children were : 

31. i. Joshua, b. in Chelsea, March I. 1766 ; bapt. in Chelsea, March 2, 1766. 
ii. Anna, b. Chelsea, Aug. 24, 1768 ; bapt. in Chelsea, Aug. 28, 1768; m. 

(1) in Chelsea, Jan. 8, 1769, Thomas Pratt ; m. (2) Stowers. 

32. iii. William, b. Chelsea, Feb. 20, 1770 ; bapt. in Chelsea, Feb. 25, 1770. 
iv. Abigail, b. Chelsea, Oct. 18. 1771 ; bapt. in Chelsea, Nov. 27, 1771 ; 

ni. (I) in Chelsea, Sept. 13, 1796, Reuben Hatch; m. (2) William 

* Charlestown Archives, xxiv. 291. 
t Council Records, vii. 39. 

I Register, xxv. 69. 

$ Giles Memorial, p. 323. 

II The baptisms of these children are from the " Record Book of the First Church 
in Charlestown," as printed by James F Hunnewell, Esq. 

H Selectmen's First Account Book, Manchester. 
•• Chelsea Church Records, 
tt Chelsea Church Records. 
It Roister, xxxii. 207. 


186 Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

t. Sarah, b. Chelsea, Feb. 17, 1774 ; bapt. in Chelsea, Feb. 20, 1774 ; d. 
Nov. 20, 1786 (g.s.). 

vi. Polly, b. Chelsea, Feb. 4, 1776; bapt. in Chelsea, Feb. 11, 1776. 

yii. Elizabeth, b. Chelsea, Oct. 31, 1778; bapt. in Chelsea, Nov. 1, 1778; 
m. in Chelsea, Jan. 16, 1805, John Cook, of Cambridge. 

viii. Lois, b. Chelsea, Jane 11, 1781 ; bapt. in Chelsea, June 17, 1781 ; in. in 
Chelsea, Sept. 19, 1805, Josiah Mixer, of Cambridge. 

ix. Margaret, b. Chelsea, July 11 bapt. in Chelsea, July 13, 1783 ; 

m. in Chelsea, May 20, 1807, Abraham Grant, of Cambridge. 

x. Nathan, b. [Nov. 3 d , 17»5] ; bapt. in Chelsea, Nov. 6, 1785 ; ni. in Chel- 
sea, Nov. 3, 1814. Eleanor Platts. and d. in Chelsea, Sent. 5, 1837. 

xi. Sarah, b. [Dec. [ ] ] bapt. in Chelsea, Jan. 3, 1790; d. Dec. 27, 1790 
(g.s.) ; buried Jan. 10, 1790, aged 10 days. (Church Records.) 

23. Thomas 3 Cheever (Thomas, 4 Thomas? Tliomas? Ezekiel 1 ), cordwain- 

er, born in Lynn, Feb. 20, 1733-4 ; had a wife Mary who died in 
Lynn, Nov. 23, 1809. He died in Lynn, Jan. 28, 1823". Their child- 
ren, all born in Lynn, were : 

i. Hannah, b. March 26, 1756. 

ii. Mary, b. March 21. 1758. 

'33. iii. Thomas, b. March 17, 1760. 

iv. John, b. Feb. 25, 1763. 

24. William 5 Cheever (William* Thomas? Thomas? Ezehiel 1 ), cord- 

wainer, born in Lynn, Dec. 22. 1728; married in Lynn, June 21, 
1750, Mehitabel Newhall. A William Cheever, probably this Wil- 
liam, married in Lynn, Jan. 10, 17 63, the widow Anna Eaton. 
Children : 

i. Lois, b. in Lynn, Aug. 25, 1751. 

ii. William, b. in Lynn, May 17, 1753. 

iii. Israel. 

iv. Sarah. 

25. Ezekiel* Cheever (William,* Thomas? Tliomas? EzeldeV), cord- 

wainer, born married in Lynn, Nov. 28, 1759, Mary 

Giles. Their children, all born in Lynn, were : 

i. Mary, b. Sept. 1, 1760. 

ii. Sarah, b. Feb. 28, 1762. 

iii. Rebecca, b. Oct. 1, 1763. 

iv. Ebenezer Giles,* b. April 24, 1765. 

v. Lydia, b. June 1, 1767. 

* There was nn Ebenezcr G. Cheever, probably tin's Ebenezer, in Chesterfield, N. H., and 
Reading, Vt. He had a wife Hannah, and his children, according to copies of the Reading 
(Vt.) records, made by W. W. Keyes, Esq , the Town Clerk, were : 

i. Polly, b. in Chesterfield. N. H., Sept. 28, 1787. 

ii. Hannah, b. in Reading, Vt., Aug. 29, 1789. 

iii. Ebenezer, b. in " " May 11, 179J1. 

iv. Isaiah, b. in " " Aug. 5, 179 Q. ' 

v. Richard, b. in " " Aug. 13, 179-3. 

The Rev. Ebenezer Cheever, son of the above, born in Reading, Vt., May 11, 179f 17, 
graduated at Bowtfoin College in 1S17; was installed Dec. 8, 1S19, at Mt. Vernon, N. H., 
and afterward at Hoosick Falls, N. Y. His health failing, he abandoned preaching for a 
time and went to Troy, N. Y. He became soon after this a colleague of Dr. Blatchford at 
"Watcrford, N. Y., and was next settled at Stillwater, N. Y. In 1833 he was secretary of 
the Presbyterian Educational Society, and removed first to New York citv and then to 
Philadelphia. In 1831 he was called to the mini-try of the Second Presbyterian Church 
in Newark, New Jersey, where he remained twelve years. In 1846 he visited the West for 
the Educational Society. He was settled at Tecumseh and Ypsilanti, Michigan, and after 
this was minister of the Presbyterian Church in Patterson, N. J. In 1S62 failing health 
compelled him to relinquish active labor, and he went again to Michigan. He died in 
Ypsilanti, Mich., Dec. 31, 18G6. 

He married (I.), Julv 21, 1810, Fanny Eutterfield; (II.) Oct. 27, 1823, Mary Butterfield; 
(III.) Oct. 11, 1830, Abby M. Mitchell, of Saybrook, Conn. His children : 


1884.] Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. 187 

26. Abner 5 Cheever (Abner 4 Thomas, 3 TJiomas? EzeJdel 1 ), gentleman, 
born in Lynn, March 16, 1755 ; married in Lynn, Nov. 20, 1779, 
Mercy Newhall.* His will, dated July 26, 1831, was probated Jan. 
3, 1833. Children, all born in Lynn, were : 

i. Abijah, b. Aug. 2, 17S0. [Married Hannah Totruan, who d. April 6, 
1S26. He died Sept. 1859. Their children were Elizabeth Ann, 
George Nelson and Maria Louisa.] 

ii. Abner, b. Aug. 5, 1783 ; [d. at sea about 1S00]. 

iii. Henry, b. Sept. 4, 17S6 ; d. in Saugus, Oct. 25, 1846. 

iv. Sally, b. July J, 1789. 




viii. Abner [b. 1800; d. abt. 1824]. 

Sally, b. July 1, 1789. 

Emily, b. June 16, 1792; d. in Brattleboro', Vt., Sept. 6, 1855. 
Frederick, b. June 8. 1795 ; d. in Brattleboro', Vt., Sept. 22, 1ST; 
Belinda, b. June 15, 1793 ; m. Putnam Perley. 


27. Abijah 5 Cheever (Abner, 4 Thomas 3 TJwmas? Ezeliel 1 ), physician, 

born in Lynn, May 23, 1760; 

graduated at Harvard College 

in 1779 ; was a surgeon in the 

navy during the Revolutionary ""■ / / 

"War. lie afterward established 1783. 

himself in the practice of his profession in Boston, where he married 

(1), Julv 5, 1789, Elizabeth Scott, daughter of Daniel Scott, and 

married (2) Oct. 18, 1798, Sally Williams.f About the year 1810 

he removed from Boston to Saugus, where he died, April 21. 1843. 

Administration on his estate was granted May 16, 1843, to his son 

Charles Augustus Cheever. His children were : 

i. Margaret Elizabeth Scott, b. [March 11, 1792]; bapt. 1st Church in 
Boston, May 13. 1792; d. [Sept. 17, 1792]. 
34. ii. Cuarles Augustus, b. [Dec. 1, 1793]. 

iii. Elizabeth Scott, b. [July 5, 1795] ; d. in Saugus. Feb. 19. 1P73. 
iv. Horatio Herbert, b. [Jan. 1, 1800J ; bapt. 1st Church in Boston, Jan. 
5, 1800; d. [July 31, 1601]. 

28. Lot 5 Cheever (Abner * Thomas 3 Thomas? EzekieP), born in Lynn, 

August 6, 1764. 

29. EZEKIEL 5 CHEEVER (Abner 4 Thomas 3 Thomas? EzeHel 1 ), yeoman, 

born in Lynn, Dec. 24, 1766; married in Lynn, Dec. 29, 1794, 

i. Adeline Francis, b. in Mt. Vernon, N. IL, June 3, 1822; m. in Tccumsch, Mich., 

Oct. 22, 1846, Hon. B. L. Baxter. 
ii. Maw Emeline, b. in Hoosick, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1824; d. in Waterford, N. Y., Sept. 

28, 1828. 
iii. Harriet Newell, b. in Troy, N. Y., May 2, 1S2G ; m. in Newark, N. J., June 11, 

181-5, Edward G. Faitoute. 
iv. Abbv House, b. in Waterford, N. Y., April 22, 1828; d. there Oct. 25, 1828. 
v. Mary Emeline, b. in Waterford, N. Y., Dec. 14, 1829; d. there Dec. 16, 1829. 
vi. Henrv Martyn, b. in Stillwater, N. Y., June 20, 1832; in. in Ypsilanti, Mich., June 
20, 1854, Sara II. Buckbee. He is an old resident of Detroit, Mich., where he 
has practised law for more than thirty years. His daughter, Miry Buckbee 
Cheever, b. in Detroit, Mich., Sept. 4, 1856, m. there, Sept. 15, 1875, Edward 
Howard Dunning. 
"Vii. William Ebenezer, b. in New York citv, Dec. 10, 1833 ; m. in Ypsilanti, Mich., 
April 3, 1855, Mary Hewitt. His children are: I. Walter Hewitt Cheever, b. 
Ypsilanti, Mich., Jan. 16, 18-56. II. Marv Alice Cheever, b. Detroit, Mich., 
Feb. 23, 18-59. III. Frances Harriet Cheever, b. Ypsilanti, Mich., July 9, 1864. 
( Authority, Henrv Martyn Cheever, Esq., Detroit, Mich. See also Hist, of Bowdoin 
College, Boston, 1882.) 

• The Town and Church Records agree as to the date of this marriage. The family bible, 
before referred to, gives the date as Dec. 9, 1779. 
t Registku, xxxii. 35. 


188 - Ezelciel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

Rachel Brown * and died in Lynn, April 23, 1810. She died in 
Saugus, March 31, 1855. Her will, dated May 23, 1853, was pro- 
bated June 5, 1855. Their children were: 

i. Zelute Brown, b. in Lynn, Oct. 7, 1796 ; d. May 11, 1873 (g s.). 

ii. Rachel. 

iii. Mary, m. Joseph Alden. 

iv. A Lai ira, ra. in Boston. Jan. [ ], 1S36, Enoch Train. 

v. John, d. Oct. 29, 1349; had a wife Hannah, and a child Rachel E. 

Cheever, b. in Saugus about 1822, who m. there Dec. 31, 1846, George 

A. Thayer. 


30. Joseph 5 Che ever {Nathan* Nathan* Thomas, 2 Ezeldel 1 ), yeoman, 
born in Chelsea, Dec. 3, 1752; married in Boston, April 23, 1774, 
Sarah Low.f Pie was a lieutenaut in Spragne's company of Col. 
Samuel Gerrish's regiment? in the Revolutionary War, and was a 
revolutionary pensioner. He removed from Chelsea to Maiden. 
His descendant, Mr. Deloraine P. Corey, gives this account of 
him : "Joseph Cheever was born in Chelsea, December 1-4, 1752, 
according to the record in the family bible and his gravestone in 
Maiden. He married, April 23 (or 20, according to the bible), 
1774, Sarah Low, of Boston. She was born August 25, 1754, 
and died March 20, 1841, aged 87. He was present at the 
battle of Bunker Hill as a lieutenant in Capt. Samuel Sprague's 
company of Col. Gerrish's regiment, and is said to have commanded 
the company during the engagement, the captain having been wound- 
ed early in the battle. He continued in the service, in the same reg- 
iment, which was re-organized under Col. Loammi Baldwin, and 
although he received no higher commission than that of first lieu- 
tenant during the war, he commanded his company during the year 
177G, and was present at the battle of Trenton with forty-three 
men. He received his commission§ as captain from Gov. Hancock 
in 1793." 

Administration on the estate of Joseph Cheever, of Maiden, gen- 
tleman, was granted Feb. 15, 1831, to his son Jacob Cheever, of 
Maiden, cordwainer, Sarah, his widow, declining to administer. 
Their children, all born in Chelsea, were : 

i. Sarah, b. June 16, 1775; m. in Chelsea, Feb. 19, 1795, William Ol- 
iver, Jr., and d. in Maiden, [Oct. 13, 1605]. 

ii. Betsey, b. Nov. 20, 1770 ; d. in Chelsea, Sept. 12, 1791. 

iii. Nancy, b. Jan. 29, 1779; in. [May 31, 1798J Aaron VVaite :!| d. [Dec. 

iy. Sukey, b. May 29, 1781; m. [Sept. 7, 1797] Andrew Waite ; 11 d. in 
Charles town, Dec. 2, 1857. 

t. Hannah, b. Nov. 5, 17S2 ; m. [June 14, 1801] Thomas Waite \% d. 
[Nov. 22, 1858]. 

?i. Lccy, b. Nov. 30, 1781 ; m. [March 15, 1803] Samuel Shute, of Maiden : 
d. [Sept. 24, 1872]. 

• According to the Church Records the date of the marriage was Dec. 24, 1794. 

+ Sarah Lee in the Boston records of marriages, Sarah Love iu the intentions of mar- 
riage, Sarah Loe in the original return of tiie marriage. 

+ Coat Boll, Secretary's Office, Boston; Proceedings Mass. Hist. Soc, 1876-7, page 86 ; 
Frothingham's Siege of Boston, App. 402. 

$ This commission has been presented to the Trustees of the Public Library, Maiden. 
See Maiden City Press, Jan. o, 1884. 

|| Register, xxxii. 1'j5-6. 

% Register, xxvi. 102; xxxii. 19-5-6. 


1884.1 Ezelciel Cheevcr and some of his Descendants. 189 

vii. Polly, b. May 17, 1786; m. [Nov. 3, 1805] William Raymond, of 

Charlestown ; d. in Maiden [Aug. 11, 1853] . 
viii. Patty, b. June 1, 17S8 ; in. W illiarn Skinner, of Lynn ; d. in Lynn. 
ix. Harriet, b. Oct. 13, 1789; d. [June 6, 1808]. 
x. Joseph, b. Jan. 21, 1792 ; in. in Chelsea, Oct. 8, 1815, Phoebe Crowell ; 

d. in Bedford, Mass., Sept. 17, 1879. Left issue. 
xl. Jacob, b. Nov. 8, 1794 ; m. [Dec. 13, 1818] Lydia Swectser, of Saugus; 

d. in Maiden [Jan. 14, 1876]. Left issue. 

31. Joshua* Cheever (Joshua* Nathan? Thomas? Ezehiel 1 ), yeoman, 

born in Chelsea, March ], 1766; married in Boston, March 24, 1789, 
Elizabeth Huxford, and died in Chelsea, March 8, 1816. Admin- 
istration (No. 24S85) on his estate was granted, March 18, 1816, 
to his widow Elizabeth Cheever, who died in Boston, May 29, 
1827. Their children,* all born in Chelsea, were: 

35. i. JosnuA, b. March 31, 1790 ; bapt. May 2, 1790. 

36. ii. William, b. July 27, 1792 ; bapt. July 29, 1792. 

iii. Henry, b. Feb. 12, 1793; bapt. Feb. 15, 1795 ; master mariner ; lost at 
sea about 1836. 

37. iv. Reuben Hatch, b. May 23, 1797 ; bapt. May 28, 1797. 
33. v. Thomas Huxford, b. Aug. 7, 1799 ; bapt. Aug. 11, 1799. 

vi. Eliza, b. Aug. 3, 1802 ; bapt. Jan. 10, 1802 ; d. young, 
vii. Mary Melledge. b. Sept. 8, IS 10 ; bapt. Dec. 9, 1810; m. in Boston, 
May 9, 1633, Solomon B. Morse, Jr. 

32. William 5 Cheever (Joshua* Nathan? Thomas? Ezelciel 1 ), yeoman, 

born in Chelsea, Feb. 20, 1770; married in Brookline, Mass., Jan. 
25, 1801, Juliana Corey, of Brookline. He died in Chelsea, 
March 2, 1813, and administration (Xo. 24135) on his estate was 
granted, March 15, 1813, to Elijah Corey, of Brookline, yeoman. 
His widow died [July 15, 1852] in Washington, X. H. Their 
children, all born in Chelsea, were : 

i. [Sarah], b. d. in Chelsea, 1803, about 2 years old. 

ii. Sarah, b. d. in Brookline [May 21, 1818], aged 16 years. 

39. iii. Charles, b. [March, 1804]. 

iv. George, b. d. in Taunton, Nov. 29, 1868. 

v. Abigail Eustis, b. [Jan. [ ] 1810]. 

vi. William, b. m. (1) in Roxbury, Dec. 5, 1839, Caroline Par- 

ker Withington, of Roxbury, who d. in Concord, N. H., about 1858. 
Her will (Norfolk, No. 3483), dated July 22, 1857, was probated May 
1, 1858. They had one son William who died in infancy in West 
Roxbury. He m. (2) in Concord. N. II., August 1, 1S60, Lur:y Maria 
(Fay) Marsh, widow of Charles Marsh, and died in Pawlet, Vt., May 
8, 18G9. His will (Norfolk, 3199), dated July 25, 1863, was probated 
Sept. 29, 1869. His widow survived him. He left no issue. 

vii. Susan, b. d. in Brookline [Ju\y 25, 1835]. 

33. Thomas 6 Cheever (TJiomas? Thomas? Thomas? Thomas? Ezekiel 1 ), 

yeoman, born in Lynn, March 17, 1760; married (1) in Lynn, 
August 30, 1789, Anna Hudson; married (2) in Lynn, May 15, 
1797, Abigail Breed, and died in Lynn, April 19, 1825. Adminis- 
tration on his estate, which was appraised at SI 765 real, and SI 93.97 
personal property, was granted May 17, 1825, to his son Joseph 
Cheever, cordwainer. His children, all born in Lynn, were : 

i. John, b. Nov. 28, 1789. Had issue. 

ii. Anna, b. June 9, 1791 ; d. in Lynn, Sept. 2, 1834. 

iii. Joseph, b. March 6, 1793. Had issue. 

* The dates of birth are from a family record now in possession of Mr. Solomon B. Morse, 
of Boston. 


190 Ezelciel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

34. Charles Augustus 6 Cheever (Abijah? Abner? TJtomas? Thomas. 1 

Ezekiel 1 ), physician; born Dec. 1, 1793; graduated at Harvard 

College 1813; M.D. 1816; es- yp ^C^> S 

tablished himself in Portsmouth, fi£f(.(ld C^Y^^/^^a^l^C^y 

N. H., where he practised med- 1838> 

icine and surgery for more than 

thirty years. He died in Saugus, Sept. 22, 1852.* A copy of his 
will (No. 39590), which was dated August 17, 1852, probated at 
Portsmouth, Nov. 9, 1852, was filed in the Suffolk Registry of Pro- 
bate, March 19, 1855. 

He married (1) Ann Mary Haven, daughter of John and Nancy 
Woodward Haven, of Portsmouth. She died Julv 4, 1826. He 
married (2) October, 1830, Adeline Haven, sister of his first wife. 
She survived him aud died Dec. 16, 1872. His children were: 

40. i. John Haven, born in Portsmouth, April 25, 1824. 

ii. Charles Augustus, b. June 20, 1826 ; drowned Jane 9, 1838. 

41. iii. David Williams, b. in Portsmouth, Nov. 30, 1831. 
iv. Thomas Baxter, b. June 30. 1833 ; d. Aug. 27, 1833. 
v. Nathaniel Haven, b. July 30, 1835 ; d. Jan. 31, 1836. 
vi. Ann Mary Haven, b. July 26, 1837 ; d. Aug. 28, 1838. 

35. Joshua 6 Cheever (Joshua, 5 Joshua* Nathan? Thomas? EzekieP), 

lumber merchant, born in Chelsea, March 31, 1790 ; married (1) 
in Boston, July 24, 1814, Harriet Cutter. She died in Boston, Nov. 
7, 1835. He married (2) in Boston, Dec. 1, 1836, Elizabeth J. 
Waterman. She died in Boston, Dec. 28, 1837. He married (3) 
in Boston, Sept. 13, 1838, Rachel Pond.j He died in Boston, Feb. 
14, 1841, and administration (No. 32781) on his estate was granted, 
March 1, 1841, to his widow Rachel, who died in Cambridgeport, 
August 2, 1871. His children, % all by his first wife, and all born in 
Boston, were : 

42. i. Joshua, b. Feb. 19, 1815. 

ii. Harriet Cutter, b. Oct. 18, 1816 ; d. in Boston, July 19, 1834, aged 18 

iii. Caroline Elizabeth, b. Sept. 19, 1818; m. in Boston, July 8, 1841, 

Henry T. Butler ; lives in Oakland, Cal. 
iv. Emily Cutter, b. Aug. 1, 1800; d. in New Orleans [Sept. 20, 1854]. 
v. Almena Cutter, b. June 12, 1822 ; m. in San Francisco, Cal. [March 25, 

1861], George C. Potter, and d. in Washington, D. C. [Feb. 8, 1878]. 

43. vi. Ammi Cutter, b. Nov. 16, 1824. 

vii. Thomas Pratt, b. Dec. 18, 1826 ; d. in Boston, April 15, 1844, aged 17 

Tiii. Mary Harriet, b. Dec. I, 1828; m. in San Francisco, Cal. [Feb. 10, 

1857], Charles S. Potter. 

44. is. Ephraim Lombard, b. Sept. 5, 1831. 

36. William 6 Cheever (Joshua? Joshua? Nathan? Thomas? EzekieP), 

trader, born in Chelsea, July 27, 1792 ; married in Boston, July 
25, 1819, Charlotte Flagg, and died at sea, June 20, 1825, while on 
his return from the "West Indies. Administration (Xo. 276CG) on 
his estate was granted, July 18, 1825, to James Melledge, of 

* Register, vii. 373. 

t Pond Genealogy. Daniel Pond and his Descendants, by Edward Doubledav Harris. 
Boston, 1873, p. 59. 

X The dates of birth are all from a family Bible in possession of his grandson Ammi B. 
Cheever, of St. Louis. 




1884.1 Ezehiel Cheever and some of his Descendants. 191 

Boston, merchant. His widow died in Pepperell, Mass., May 8, 

1861. Their children were : 

i. Almira Lucy, b. in Philadelphia, July 27, 1822; lives in Clarendon 

Springs, Vt. 
ii. William Henry, b. in Weston, Mass., Oct. 20, 1824 ; lives in Troy, N.Y. 

37. Reuben Hatch 6 Cheever (Joshua, 5 Joshua,* Nathan* Thomas, 7 

Ezehiel 1 ), shoe dealer, born in Chelsea, May 23, 1797 ; married in 
Boston, Dec. 12, 1819, Abigail Turner, daughter of Otis Turner,* 
and died in Boston, June 22, 1828. She died a widow, in Boston, 
Dec. 28, 1877, aged 78 yrs. 8 mo. Their children were : 

i. Henry Otis, b. lost at sea, unmarried. 

45/ ii. Thomas Hatch, b. 

iii. Sarah Ann, b. in Boston [Oct. 13, 1325] ; m. in Boston, Oct. 95, 1854, 
Nathaniel E. Rogers, and d. in Roxbury, Feb. 4, 1865. 

38. Thomas Huxford 6 Cheever (Joshua, 5 Joshua* Nathan? Thomas* 

Ezehiel}), merchant's clerk, born in Chelsea, Aug. 7, 1799 ; m. iii 
Boston, Nov. 1, 1827, Mary Ann Phillips, and died in Boston, Nov. 
14, 1831. His widow married in Boston, Feb. 22, 1838, Gillain 
B. Wheeler, and died in Melrose, April 1, 1879. Child of Thomas 
H. and Mary Ann : 

i. Anna Maria, bapt. 12th Congregational Church in Boston, June 21, 1829, 
and d. in Boston, Oct. 10, 1832, aged 4 years. 

39. Charles 6 Cheever (William? Joshua* Nathan? Thomas? Ezehiel}) , 

master mariner, born in Chelsea [March, 1804]. On retiring from 
the sea he established himself in Liverpool, England, where he died 
Aug. 30, 1880. He married in England (1) Ann Cannell ; (2) 
Margaret Cannell, who was born in Peel, Isle of Man, September, 
1804. His children, one by each wife, both born in Liverpool, 
were : 

46. i. William Cannell, b. April 8, 1835. 

ii. Ann Julia, b. March 19, 1840 ; in. in Liverpool, June 17, 1863, Alfred 

40. Jonx Haven 7 Cheever ( Charles A.? Abijah? Aimer,* Thomas? Tho- 

mas? Ezehiel 1 ), merchant, born in Portsmouth, N. II., April 25, 
1824 ; married Ann Elizabeth Dow, daughter of John and Mary 
(Plumer) Dow, of Epping, N. II. He moved to Boston, and after- 
ward to New York. Their children are : 

i. Charles Augustus, b. in Boston, Sept. 4, 1852. 

ii. Elizabeth Scott, b. in Boston. Sept. 30, 1855. 

iii. John Dow, b. in New York, Nov. 27, 1859. 

iv. Gertrude, b. in New York, May 16, 1663. 

v. Henry Durant, !j. in New York, Jan. 8, 1869. . 

41. David Williams 7 Cheever ( Charles A.? Abijah? Abner? Tliomas? 

Thomas? Ezehiel 1 ), physician and surgeon, born in Portsmouth, 
N. H., Nov. 30, 1831 ; graduated at Harvard College 1852; M.D. 
1858. After eighteen months study in Europe and nearly four years 
in Boston at the Harvard Medical School, he began to practise in 
Boston in 1858. In I860 he was made Demonstrator of Anatomy 
in the Medical School of Harvard University; in 18G7, Assistant 
Professor of Anatomy ; in 1868, Adjunct Professor of Clinical Sur^e- 

• Turner Genealogy ; Descendants of Humphrey Turner, Boston, 1852, p. 45. 



192 Ezelciel Cheever and some of his Descendants. [April, 

ry ; in 1876, Professor of Clinical Surgery, and in 18S2, Professor 
of Surgery, succeeding to the chair held in succession by Dr. John 
Collins Warren, Dr. George Hayward and Dr. Henry J. Bigelow. 
From 1858 to 18G2 he contributed articles to the North American 
Review, Atlantic Monthly and Christian P>xamiuer. In I860 he 
received the Boylstbn Prize for an essay on the " Value of Statis- 
tics in Observing Disease." In 1864 he was appointed Surgeon of 
the Boston City Hospital. He has contributed numerous profes- 
sional articles to the Medical Journals. Iu 1868 he was editor of 
the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. He published in that 
year a monogram on " CEsophagotorny," 8vo. pp. 78. In 1870 he 
edited the '' First Medical and Surgical Report of the Boston City 
Hospital," 8vo. pp. 688; in 1877, a second Report, 8vo. pp. 316, 
and in 1882 a third Report, 8vo. pp. 390. 

He married, Oct. 9, 1860, Anna Caroline Nichols, daughter of 
Thaddeus and Sarah Chamberlain Nichols. His children* are: 

i. David, b. Aug. 29, 1661 ; d. Aug. 19, 1S64. 

ii. Alice, b. Aug. 5, 1802. 

iii. Helen, b. Nov. 12, 1865. 

iv. Mariun, b. March 1, 1867. 

v. Adeline, b. Jan. 16, 1874. 

vi. David, b. June 25, 1676. 

42. Joshua 7 OiEEyER (Joshua, 6 Joshua, 5 Joshua, 4 Nathan? Tliomas? 

Ezehiel 1 ), steamboat captain, born in Boston, Feb. 19, 1815 ; re- 
moved to St. Louis. He married iu Pauldingsville, Warren Co., 
Missouri, Dec. 3, 1844, Susan Ann Simpson. She died in St. 
Louis, June 5, 1873. He died in Oakland, Cal., August 10, 1876. 
Their children,! both born in St. Louis, were : 

i. Ammi Bedow, b. Dec. 12, 1845. 

ii. Harriet Lombard, b. bept. 22, 1851 ; m. in St. Louis, Sept. 16, 1872, 
Henry 1. D'Arcy. 

43. Ammi Cutter 7 Cheever (Joshua? Joshua? Joshua? Nathan? Tho- 

mas? Ezekid 1 ), tinsmith, born in Boston, Nov. 16, 1824; married 
(1) Maria Peoples Sanford, daughter of Joseph and Rachel Sanford. 
She died in Boston, Dec. 9, 1857. He removed not long after her 
death to St. Louis, Missouri, where he married (2) Mary Alexan- 
der, by whom he had one child that died young. His children^ by 
his first wife, were : 

i. Emily Otter, b. in Boston [April 4, 1847]; m. in Boston, June 30, 

1674, James W. P. Dyer. 
ii. Harriet Cctter, b. in Roibury [July 23, 1848] ; m. in New York, July, 

lb07. Anthony Bell, and J. in New York, Jan. 28, 1877. 
iii. Ammi Cltter, b. in Boston, May 4. 1851 ; m. in New York, Jan. 1874, 

Emma J. Morris, who was b. in London, Eug. He d. in Milford, Pa. y 

Oct. '28, 18d3. 
iv. Caroline Butler, b. in Boston, March 18, 1853. 

* The names and dates of birth of his children, and those of his brother John Haven 
Cheever, are talari from a tabular pedigree prepared for him by William B. Trask, Esq. 
A copy of it may be found in tlio Library of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
See Register, xxxii. 443. 

f Ammi B. Cheever of St. Louis is authority for the dates of these births, deaths and 

+ Mrs. Emily C. Dyer is the authority for information concerning this branch of the 
family. Her name was originally Emily C. Cheever. She assumed in childhood the name 
of Maria E. Cheever, but afterward resumed the use of her former name. 

1584.1 Genealogical Gleanings in England. 193 

t. Ephraim Lombard,* b. in Boston, Feb. 8, 1855 ; m. in New York, Feb. 
22, 1875, Abigail J. Hughes, who was b. in Bangor, N. Wales. Their 
children, both born in New York, are — 1. Ephraim San ford Peoples 
Cheever, b. Jan. 28, 1876, d. in New York, July 16, 1878; 2. Mary 
Emily Cheever, b. Dec. 25, 1877. 

41. Ephraim Lombard 7 Cheever (Joshua,* Joshua* Joshua* Nathan* 
Thomas, 2 Ezekiel 1 ), born in Boston, Sept. 5, 1831 ; removed to St. 
Louis, Missouri, where he married Ellen Ware. He was killed, 
Feb. 4, 1858, on the steamboat Col. Crossman, then commanded 
and in part owned by his brother Joshua Cheever, bound from New 
Orleans to St. Louis. She exploded her boiler when about one mile 
above New Madrid, and then took tire. Twenty lives were lost. 
He had two children who died in infancy. His widow afterward 
married W. P. Armstrong. 

45. Thomas Hatch 7 Cheever (Reuben H.? Joshua* Joshua* Nathan* 

Thomas," Ezckiel 1 ), merchant; born married in Providence,. 

R. I. [Nov. 13, 1849], Mary F. Daland, daughter of Tucker Da- 
land, of Salem, and died in Salem, Oct. 5, 1860. His will, dated 
Feb. 14, 1860, was probated Oct. 16, I860. His widow married'. 
in Salem, Oct. 20, 1870, James S. Putnam, who died in Salem,. 
Sept. 26, 1873. She died in Charleston, S. C, April 27, 1879. 
The children of Thomas H. and Mary F. Cheever were : 

i. Grace D., b. in Roxbury, Dec. 21, 1849 ; m. in Salem, Dec. 2, 1874, 

Arthur B. Lovejoy, of Boston. 
ii. Henrv, b. d. Marcn 9, 1857, aged 1 y. 9 d. (g.s.). 

iii. Thomas II., b. d. Feb. 27, 1862, aged 2 y. 14 d. (g.s.). 

46. "William Canxell 7 Cheever (Charles? William? 'Joshua* Nathan* 

Thomas? Ezekiel 1 ), born in Liverpool, England, April 8, 1835 ; 
married in New Brighton, England, Dec. 30, 18G2, Jessie Emily 
Pooley. He is a wholesale wine and spirit merchant in Liverpool* 
and lives in Liscard, Cheshire. His children, both born in Liscard, 
are : 

i. Charles Eustace, b. July 25, 1864. 
ii. Margaret, b. May 9, 1867. 


By Henry F. Waters, A.B.,no\v residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from p;tgc 74.] 

Nathaniel Downeinge of London, gentleman, 7 May, 1616, proved 14 
May, 1C16, by his wife Margaret Downeinge. To be buried in the parish 
Church of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, or elsewhere it shall please my 
executrix. To the poor of St. Dionis and of St. Gabriel Funcluirch, Lon- 
don. To my brother Joseph Downeinge, now dwellings in Ipswich, in the 
County of Suffolk, twenty pounds. To my sister Abigail Goade, wife of 
John Goade, skinner, twenty pounds, and to their son, John Goad, forty 
shillings to make him a cup. To my sister Susanna Kirby, wife of John 

* His name is properly Sanford Cheever, but be assumed the name of Ephraim Lombard 


194 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Kirby, skinner, twenty pounds. To my mother in law Mary Cellyn, wid- 
ow, ten pounds and the " Hope [hoop] Ringe " which was my mother's. 
To mv brother Joshua Downline the seal rin<£ of srold that I do wear on 
my hand. And to my brother Emanuel Downeinge I give the like ring of 
gold of the same value & fashion. The residue to my wife Margaret Downe- 
inge, whom I make sole executrix. Whereas 1 am now seized in fee of and 
in the late dissolved monastery of the " Fryers Carmelites, or the White- 
ffryers," in Ipswich in the County of Suffolk, with the appurtenances, &c. 
— this to wife Margaret and her heirs forever. Cope, 48. 

Sir George Downing of East Hatley, in the County of Cambridge, 
Knight and Baronet; 2 -A August, 1683, with codicil added 7 July, 1684; 
proved 19 July, 1684. My body to be interred in the vault which I have 
made under the chancel at Crawden, alias Croyden, in the county of Cam- 
bridge, by the body of my wife Frances. Son George Downing, Esq., and 
son William named. Houses in or near King Street, in the city of West- 
minster, latelv called Hampden House, which I hold bv Ions: lease from 
the Crown, and Peacock Court there, which I hold by lease from the Col- 
legiate Church of St. Peter. Westminster ; all which are now demolished 
and rebuilt, or rebuilding, and called Downing Street. To Edward Lord 
Viscount Morpeth and Sir Henry Pickering.* Baronet, my son-in-law, in 
trust, &c. Bequests to sons Charles and William Downing, and to three 
daughters, Lucy, Mary and Anne, at age of twenty-one years or day of 
marriage. The guardianship and custody of the persons of these three 
daughters entrusted to my dear daughter Frances Cotton. Bequests to 
daughter Cotton's children, Francis, John and Thomas, and to Elizabeth 
and Frances, the two daughters of my late daughter Pickering deceased ; 
also to nephew John Peters, niece Lucy Spicer, nephew Joshua Down- 
ing and M r Edmond Woodroffe, one of my clerks iu my office in the Ex- 
chequer. Hare, 139. 

This Indenture made the Thirteenth day of Sept. Anno DoiTi. one thou- 
sand seuen hundred and in the twelfth yeare of the Reigne of our Soue- 
raign Lord William the third, bv the grace of God of England, Scotland, 
ff ranee and Ireland King, defender of the Faith &c a . 

Between Charles Downing of London in the Kingdome of England 
Esq r of the one part and Thorndike Procter of Salem in the Countey of 
Essex within his Maj tie9 Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land in America, yeoman, on the other part [then follows the ordinary 
phraseology of conveyance of a tract of three hundred acres in Salem 
which wasl formerly the farme of Emanuel Downing of Salem aforesaid 
Gent: Deceased, Grandfather of the said Charles Downing, purchased by 
the said Emanuel Downing of one Robert Cole unto whome the same was 
granted by the said town of Salem one thousand six hundred thirty and 
fivef [together with other parcels of land which had belonged to Emanuel 
Downing. And the grantor warrants the purchaser that he may hold 

* This Sir Henry TMckering was son and heir of Sir Henry Pickering of Whaddon, who 
was created a Baronet 2 January, 1GG0. He was of Barbados in 1693, and had two wives, 
Philadelphia, daughter of Sir George Downing, by whom he had two daughters, Mary and 
Anne (who both died without issue), and secondly, Grace, daughter of Constant Silvester, 
Esq. (See IthO. xxxvii. 38o.) At his death, iu IjOo, the tide became extinct. (See Add. 
MS. 24*93, British Museum.)— H. F. W. 

f This must be a mistake far 1628. (See Book of Grants, Salem, edited by William P. 
Upharn, Esq.)— H. F. VV. 



1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 195 

these premisses] free and clear or well and sufficiently Indemnified saued 
aud kept harmless of and from all and all manner of former and other gifts, 
grants, bargain es, sales, leases, releases, mortgages, Joyntures, Dower, 
Judgments, Executions, Extents, wills, Entails, ffiues, forfeitures, titles, 
troubles, charges and Incumbrances whatsoever had, made, done, commit- 
ted, knowledged or suffered by the said Charles Downing, S r George Down- 
ing, Baron', late father of the said Charles, and the abouesaid Emanuel 
Downing or any of them. 

This Indenture was signed by the grantor, Charles Downing, Esq re , and 
his wife, Sarah Downing, and their seals affixed on the day aud year first 
abovewritten. Deeds of Essex Co., Mass.. Book 7. Lvs. 7 to 10. 

The will of Sir George Downing, Knight of the Bath & Baronet, pro- 
viding (in default of male issue to his cousin) for the foundation of a new 
college in the University of Cambridge, "which college shall be called by the 
name of Downing College," was dated 20 December, 1717, and proved 13 
June, 1749. Lisle, 179. 

[The foregoing extracts show clearly enough the connection of this family with 
New England, a family whose name, associated as it is with a street in which has 
been, for so many years, the official residence of the Prime Minister of England, 
the centre of the greatest and most wide-spread empire of modern times, and with a 
college in one of the most famous universities of the world, is known wherever tho 
English language is spoken, and bids fair to last so long as English history shall be 

From some MS. notes furnished me by my very obliging friend Mr. T. C. Noble, 
whose authority on matters connected with the hif-tory of the great metropolis 
of the world and its surrounding parishes is unquestioned, I find that Sir George 
Downing was rated for a house in " New Pallaee " (New Palace Yard, Westmin- 
ster) for twenty years previous to 1633, that in 1728 the rentals of the whole of 
Downing Street (for assessment) amounted to less than £1000, and in 1828 the total 
was £3000. .At the pie>ent time (ISS3) the whole street is occupied by the offices 
of the government and the residences of the First Lord of the Treasury, Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, &c. From the " Memorials of" Westminster," by the Rev. Mac- 
kenzie E. C. Walcott, we learn that " The official residence of the First Lord of the 
Treasury formerly belonged to the Crown : King George I. gave it to Baron Bothmar, 
the Hanoverian Minister, for life. After his death King George If. offered the house 
to Sir Robert Walpole, who only accepted it upon the condition that it should be 
attached to the Premiership forever. Since that time, therefore, Downing Street is 
inseparably connected with the name of every successive Prime Minister of Eng- 
land." Chapter III. of the Appendix to these Memorials gives us additional in- 
formation, including a list of the successive occupants of the official residence down 
to July 6, 1810. ,l Sir Robert Walpole accepted it in 1732, and came to reside here 
22 Sept. 1735." ** In the small waiting-room of No. 14, for the first and only time 
in their lives met Sir Arthur Welles'.ey and Lord Nelson ; the latter was well known 
to Sir Arthur from the prints in the shop windows ; they conversed together for 
some minutes; on parting Lord Nelson went out of the room and a^ked the name 
of the stranger whose conversation and appearance had made a deep impression upon 

lam informed by William II. Richardson, Esq., F.S.A., who is now annotating 
" The Annals of Ipswiche, by N. Bacon,"* that George Downing, who was un- 
doubtedly the father of Emanuel and Nathaniel Downing, was master of the Gram- 
mar School, Ipswich, about the years 1007 to 1610. His son Emanuel, baptized in 
the parish church of St. Lawrence, Ipswich, 12 August, 1585, married at Groton, 
Suffolk, 10 April, 1022, Lucy (baptized 27 January, 100 1), daughter of Adam Win- 
throp, Esq., and sister of Governor John Winthrop. Mr. Downing was a lawyer 
of the Inner Temple, London, Attorney in the Court of Wards, and seem- to have 
lived in the parishes of St. Bridget and of St. Michael, Cornhill. He came over to 
New England in 1038, took up his abode in Salem, was admitted into the church 
4 November of the same year, and frequently represented the town in the General 

* The valuable MS. referred to in note, pp. 197-8, vol. xxxvii. Reo. 

196 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Court of the colony. The date of his death is not known, nor has any record yet 
been found of any will made by him. We have seen what became of his farm in 
Salem. His town residence was conveyed, 8 August, 1636, by Lucie Downing of 
Salem, with consent of Emanuel Downing her husband (as is recited in the deed) to 
their son Lieut. Joseph Gardner, as the dower of their daughter Ann on her mar- 
riage with Lieut. Gardner. It was described as a messuage or tenement in Salem 
situated upon four acres of ground entire, having the Common on the east, the 
street or highway that runs from the meeting-house to the harbor on the south, and 
the lane that goes to the North River on the West. This property comprises the 
various estates now included between St. Peter, Essex, Newbury and Browne 
Streets. Lieut. Gardner and his wife sold various lots at either end to sundry 
members of the Gardner family, and to Deacon Richard Prince and Mr. William 
Browne, Jr. The house, which stood where the residence of the late Col. Francis 
Peabody stands, remained as the homestead of Mrs. Gardner. After the untimely 
loss of her first husband, who was killed in the great Swamp Fight, 19 December, 
1675, she took for a second husband Simon Bradstreet, E-q. ; but by the terms of the 
marriage contract of 2 May, 1676, the ownership of the homestead remained with 
her. It was afterwards commonly known as the Bradstreet house, and was torn 
down in 1750, having previously been used as a tavern. On page 75 of the first vol- 
ume of the Register, and on page 185 of the fourth volume of Historical Collections 
of the Essex Institute, may be seen an engraving representing this house, in which 
Sir George Downing probably passed his boyhood while under the tuition of the 
Rev. John Fisk, preparing for entrance into Harvard College, from which he was 
graduated in that famous first class of 1012. For a long account of him and his 
family, and a list of his published works, see Sibley's Harvard Graduates, vol. i. 
pp. 28-51. 

Nathaniel Downing, brother of Emanuel and uncle of Sir George, was baptized 
in the church of St. Mary at the Tower, Ipswich, 8 October, 1587. He married, 6 
May, 1613, Margaret, daughter of Doctor Daniel Selyne (orSelin), a French phy- 
sician, who died 19 March, 1611-15, and in his will (Rudd, 28) mentions his son- 
in-law Nathaniel Downing. Mr. Downing seems to have had one son. Daniel, bap- 
tized at St. Dionis Backchurch, 5 April, 1014, and buried five days afterwards. 

In the Whitehall Evening Post of Febr. 11, 1764, is this letter : 

" To the Printer &c. Sir 

By the death of Sir Jacob Garrard Downing Bar' an estate of about 5 or 
6000 pr annum falls to the University of Cambridge, to build a college, to be called 
Downing College. The late Sir George Downing, of Gainlingay, in Cambridge- 
shire, Bar 1 , having left it to the late Sir Jacob Garrard, and his Heirs male ; & lor 
want of such Issue, to the rev: M r Peters, late Lecturer of S l Clement-Danes & his 
Heirs male: both of whom having died without such Issue, the Estate descends as 
above. The Original of the Family was D r Calibut Downing, one of the Preachers 
in the Rebel Army, & a great man with Rump : and his son, afterwards Sir Geo: 
Downing. & the first Baronet of the Family, was made Envoy from Cromwell to the 
States-General, and got a sreat Estate, owing to this Incident. When King Charles 
the 2- 1 was travelling in Disguise in Holland, to visit the Queen Mother, attended 
only by Lord Falkland, & putting up at an Inn, after he had been there some Time, 
the Landlord came to these strangers and said, there was a Beggar-man at the Dooi, 
very shabbily dressed, who was very importunate to be admitted to them ; on which 
the King seemed surprised, ft after Bpeaking to Lord Falkland, bid the Landlord 
admit him. As soon as this Beggar-man entered, he pulled off his Beard (which 
he had put on for a Disguise) & fell on his knees, & said he was M r Downing, the 
Resident from Oliver Cromwell ; & that he had received Advice of this intended 
visit from his Majesty to the Queen ; and that, if he ventured any farther, he would 
be assassinated ; & begged secrecy of the King, for that his Life depended upon it, 
& departed. The Kin<<; was amazed at this, & said to Lord Falkland, II )w could this 
be known? there were but you & the Queen knew of it. Therefore the Queen must 
have mentioned this to somebody who gave Advice of it to his Enemies. How- 
ever, the King returned back, whereby this Design was prevented. Upon this, after 
the Restoration, Sir George Downing was rewarded, made a Baronet & Farmer of the 
Customs, &c. &c., whereby this large Estate was raised. 

Besides the above Estate of Sir Jacob Garret Downing Bar 1 , which devolves on 
the University of Cambridge, another fine Estate, with a handsome house at Put- 
ney, falls to his Lady." 


1884.1 Genealogical Gleanings in England. 197 

In the London ChroDicle of Jan. 9, 1772, is this Article : 

** We are assured that the Heirs at Law [B. P. Ewer of Bangor who married a 
Barnardiston] of Sir Jacob Downing Bar 1 have applied for a Royal Charter to found 
& incorporate the College at Cambridge. A spot is fixed upon for erecting this ed- 
ifice, which is a spacious Piece of ground, fit for the Purpose, on the South Side of 
the Town, opposite the Physic Garden, & between Pembroke & Emanuel Colleges. 
A Design is preparing & Application making to the Owners of the Ground which 
belongs to several Bodies Corporate ; & as soon as an Act of Parliament can be ob- 
tained to im power them to sell, this noble Benefaction will be carried into imediate 
Execution."— h. f. w. 

The English genealogical works which attempt to give the ancestry of Sir George 
Downing, baronet, give it erroneously. The error seems first to have been promul- 
gated by Anthony a Wood in his AthenoB Oxoniensis, published 1691-2, where, 
in an account of Dr. Calybute Downing, the Puritan writer, son of Calybute Down- 
ing of Shennington, Gloucestershire, Sir George is called his son. The error has 
been copied into several Baronetages. Dr. Downing's ancestry has been carried 
back through his grandfather, Arthur, of Lexham in Norfolk, to his great-grand- 
father Geoffrey Downing of Norwich, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas 
Wingfield. There are no indications of a relationship between this family and that of 
George Downing of Ipswich, Suffolk, who, as Mr. Waters shows, was father of 
Emanuel, the father of Sir George. Savage names Mary, wife of Anthony Stoddard ; 
James; Anne, wife of Capt. Joseph Gardner and afterwards of Gov. Simon Brad- 
street; John ; and Dorcas, as other children of Emanuel Downing ; and there was 
probably also a son Joshua (Mass. Hist. Coll. 4th S. vi. 79). Emanuel Downing an- 
nounces his intention to leave New England in the fall of 1654 with Gen. Sedgwick 
(Ibid. p. 84). He was living as late as Sept. 6, 1658, in Edinburgh (Ibid. p° 86). 
His wife wab iiving in England, June 27, 1662 (Tbid. p. 514). The place and date 
of death of neither are known. Interesting letters from Emanuel Downing and 
other members of his family, are printed in the volume of the Mass. Hist. Coll. cited. 

Henry Downing, father of Col. Adam Downing, distinguished as an officer in 
William HT.'s army in Ireland, may have been, as represented by Burke (Ext. and 
Dorm. Baronetage, ed. 1844, p. 163 ; Landed Gentry, ed. 1853, i. 453), a son of Dr. 
Calybute. We find no evidence that Sir George had a brother Henry. 

It is not probable that Wood obtained his information from the family, for the 
deed of which Mr. Waters gives an abstract proves that Charles Downing, son of Sir 
George, knew that his grandfather's name was Emanuel so late as 1700, eight years 
after the publication of Wood's Athence. The following letter, copied for us by 
G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England, from the original, shows that Wood, while 
engaged on his work, applied to the Rev. Increase Mather for information about the 
Downings, but with little success : 

" Sir 

I have yours of 20 th Instant. There never was any Dr Downing in New 
England. It is true y l Sir George Downing (who was knighted by Charles 2 ,ld ) 
had his education in y e Colledge there ; but had no other degree there besides y l of 
Bachelor of Art. Nor do any in that colledge proceed further than Master of arts 
after seven years standing, as 'tis in Oxford and Cambridge. We never (which is 
pity) had any Doctors. I am ashamed to tell you that I cannot procure any 
further account concerning non conformist writers. I have really laboured to grat- 
ify you to my power. I heartily wish there were more publick spirits in the world. 

Sir Your servant, 1. Mather. 

London July 23— 1691. 

To M r Anthony Wood near Merton College in Oxford." 

An equally inexplicable error will be pointed out in this article when we come 
to the will of Sir William Phips, who is represented in English books to be ances- 
tor of the present Marquis of Normanby. Bjth errors have years ago been pointed 
out by our countrymen. The second volume of Hutchinson's Massachusetts, which 
was reprinted in England in 1768, gives the true christian name of the father of Sir 
George Downing. — Editor.] 

Thomas TVarnett, now of James City in Virginia, merchant, 13 Feb- 
ruary, 1C29, proved 8 November, 1G30, by Thomuzine Warnet, relict and 


198 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

executrix. To M ris Elizabeth Pott one Corfe and crosse cloth of wrought 
gold and to D r John Pott (1) five thousand of several sorts of nayles. To 
Francis Pott four score pounds of tobacco which he oweth me. To M r 
Francis Boulton, minister, one firkin of butter, one bushel of white salt, 
six pounds of candles, one pound of pepper, one pound of ginger, two bush- 
els of meal, one rundlett of ink, six quires of writing paper and one pair of 
silk stockings. . To John Johnson's wife six pounds of soap, six pounds of 
white starch and one pound of blue starch. To John Browning's wife one 
thousand of pins, one pair of knives carved with two images upon them, 
twelve pounds of white starch and two pounds of blue starch. To the wife 
of M r John Uptone one sea green scarf edged with gould lace, twelve 
pounds of white starch and two pounds of blue starch. To my friend M r 
Thomas Burges by second best sword and my best felt hat. To John Gre- 
vett's wife one pair of sheets, six table napkins, three towels and one table 
cloth marked with T. TV., six pounds of soap, six pounds of white starch 
and one pound of blue starch. To Thomas Key's wife one gilded looking 
glass. To Sarg f John Wane's (2) wife four bushels of meal and one rundlett 
of four gallons of vinegar, one half pound of " threed ' of several colours, 
twenty needles, six dozen of silk and thred buttons, one pewter candlestick 
& one pewter chamberpot. To Roger Thompson's wife one half bushel of 
white salt, one pound of pepper and one jar of oil. To Benjamin Symes (3) 
one weeding hoe. To George Muleston one ''howin^" hoe & one axe. 
To John Goundry one bar of lead of twenty pound weight and three pound. 
To John Hattone one black felt hat, one suit of grey kersie, one shirt 
marked T. W., four pairs of Irish stockings, two pairs of my own wearing 
shoes, one bar of lead and six pounds of powder. To John Southerne (4) 
six pounds of candles, one Poland cap furred and one pair of red slippers. 
To Michael Batt (5) his wife two bushels of meal. 

The rest of my temporal estate in Virginia, my debts being paid and 
legacies paid & discharged, to wife Thomazine, whom I appoint executrix. 
Friends John Southerne and James Stome overseers. To the former one 
black beaver hat and gold band, one doublet of black chainlet and one pair 
of black hose ; and to James Stome mv best sword and a sold belt. 

The witnesses were Francis Boltone (G) & John Southerne. . 

Scroope, 105. 


[The following, from Harl. MS. (Brit. Mug.), 1561, f. 14-2, undoubtedly gives the 
edigree of the testator of the above will, and indicates his place of residence before 
is migration. 


John Warnet of = Susan, d. of ... . Ridley 
Hempsted, Sussex. of Whellebeech, Sussex. 

| I 

Francis Warnet=Anne, d. of Thomas Warnet=Thoraazin,d. Catharine. Susan, 

of Heinpsted, 
ob. v.p. 

Edw. Boys, of Southwark 

of co. Kent, in co. Surrey, 

and heir of ux r Edmond 

Wm.IIallof Jordan of Gat- 

Woodalling, wick, co. Surrey, 
co. Norfolk. 

I I I 

Edmond Warnett. Thomas, 3 y. old 1623. Judith. 

H. F. W. 

1. Dr. John Pott, the legatee mentioned, was doubtless the John Pott, A.M., 
M.D., physician for the colony of Virginia, who arrived with his wife Elizabeth in 
October, 1621, in the ship George. lie was appointed on the recommendation of 
Dr. Theodore Guiston, the founder of the Gulstonian lectureship of Anatomy, still 

1S84.] Genealogical Gleaniyigs in England. 199 

maintained by the London College of Physicians. In the Virginia Land Records, 
Book No. I, p. 8, he appears as a grantee, on August 11th, 1624, of three acres of 
land in " James Cittie," and is mentioned as a '* Doctor of Physicke " and a mem- 
ber of the " Councill." Francis West, the governor of the colony and a younger 
brother of Lord Delaware, departing for England March 5th, 1623, Dr. Pott suc- 
ceeded him as governor, and so served until some time in March-, 1630, when he 
was superseded by Sir John Harvey. Pott was then arraigned for pardoning Ed- 
ward Wallis, condemned for murder and cattle stealing. This was the first trial by 
jury in the colony. - Pott was found guilty and confined to his plantation at liar- 
rope, now Williamsburg, until the King's pleasure could be ascertained. Gover- 
nor Harvey forwarded the recommendation of the Council for his pardon, and Mrs. 
Pott crossed the ocean and pleaded her husband's cause. The commissioners to 
whom the petition was referred reported to the King that "condemning; him for 
felony was very rigorous, if not erroneous," and. recommended that he should be 
restored to liberty and his estate, and the practice of his profession." 

2. I find in the State Land Registry a grant of 300 acres to John Wayne (render- 
ed in the Index, VVaine) in Charles River County (as the County of York was first 
called), May 10th, 1638. Book No. 1, p. 56U. 

3. It may be recalled that Benjamin Symmes is reported in 1618 as having 
founded in the colony a free school, which he endowed with two hundred acres of 
land, a good house, forty milch cows and other appurtenances. 

4. There is a grant also of record to John Southerne. " Gent." (in all probability 
him of the will), of twenty-four acres in "James Cittie," September 1st, 1627. 
Book No. 1, p. 55. 

5. Michaell Batt appears as a grantee of one acre of land in " James Cittie Is- 
land," September 20th, 1613, Book No. I, p. 890. Grants also appear contempo- 
raneously to John, William and Henry Batt, Batte or Batts, as the name is various- 
ly rendered. The descendants of William and Henry Batte (as the name now ob- 
tains), brothers, are quite numerous in Virginia, and of high respectability. 

6. The Rev. Francis Boulton, Boltone or Bolton, as the name is variously render- 
ed, who had been recommended by tiie Earl of Southampton for some vacant parish 
in Virginia, arrived in the colony in the ship George, as above, and was assigned to 
Elizabeth City, to reside with Captain Thomas Newce. — R. A. Brock, of Richmond, 


George Fenwick, of Worminglmrst, co. Sussex, Esquire, 2 February, 
165 6, with codicil of 9 March, 1656, proved 27 April, 1057, by Elizabeth 
Fenwick, daughter and executrix. To wife Katherine, &c. &c. ; to my 
most natural and dear mother, M" Dorothy Clavering; to brother Claudius 
and his heirs male my lands in Brenckborn and Nether Framlingtou in the 
county of Northumberland ; to my nephew Thomas Ledgard and his heir3 
male laud in Thirston and Tillington in Northumberland ; to niv sister 
Ledgard and my sister Cullick each fifty pounds ; to my brother Ledgard 
and my brother Culiick, each ten pounds ; to my sister Cullick's children 
one hundred pounds apiece ; to my niece Clifton fifty pounds, and to niece 
Bootflower's boy fifty pounds ; to my daughter Elizabeth and daughter 
Dorothy ; to Ralph Fenwick, a scholar of Christ Church, Oxford, ten 
pounds a year ; to my daughters land in Sussex that descends to them from 
their uncle Edward Apsley, Esquire, deceased. 

The above he declared to be his will 10 March, 1656. In the codicil he 
bequeaths to his sister Cullick and her children all his estate in New Eng- 
land ; and also five hundred pounds to the public use of that country of New 
England if " my " loving friend Edward Hopkins think fit. lie makes 
bequests to his friend Robert Leeves and to his servant Moses Fryer. To 
Dame Elinor Selby of Barwick he leaves ten pounds and desires her to 
undertake the education of Dorothy. His father-in-law Sir Arthur Hessle- 
rigg to accept the mean remembrance of forty shillings to buy a ring. He 
also mentions his cousin Lawrence and his wife, his cousin Strickland and 



200 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

his lady, his ancient acquaintance and dearly beloved friend Sir Thomas 
Widdrington, his dear and good friend M r Edward Hopkins, late warden of 
the fleeChis friend Aaron Gourdon, Dr. of Physic, his friend M r Tempest 
Miluer, alderman of London, and the latter's kinsman Robert Key, his 
father-in-law, M r Claveringe, and Thomas Burrell of Brinckborn, North- 
umberland. He gives six pounds per annum to Tristram Fenwick for life, 
forty shillings to M r Ogle of Leith in Scotland, and twenty shillings to the 
widow Clarke of Weldon. Ruthen, 138. 

[The following pedigree is extracted from Richard Mundy's copy of Visitations of 
Northumberland, 1575 and 1615, Harl. MS. 1554, ff. 20,54 : 

Thomas dom s = 
de ffenwick miles 
An 4. E. 2. 

Will" 1 de ffenwick = 
miles 17. £. 3. 

Robertus de ffenwick = Elinor. Petrus, &c. 

Johannes Fenwick = Elizebetha filia Alani de Hetton. 
miles | 

i 7T J 

Johannes Fenwick = Alanus. 

Armiger | 

John Fenwick = 

Johannes Fenwick= Catherina filia 
dom Eshenden miles Wilmi Plumpton militis. 

Johannes Fenwick miles = Elizebetha filia Rogeri de Woderington. 

Henericus Fenwick = 

Mary, d. & h. of Wm.=John Fenwick of Fenwick=Eliz. d. S r Roger Woderington 
Strother 1 wife | 


Gerard Fenwicke = d. & heire of S r Walter Bourghton 

6 6on of ... . in co. Northumberland. 


Tristram ffenwick = Margarett, d. of Ogel of Bothell. 

3 son | 

Georsje ffenwick = Dorathey d. of Gregory 2 William 3 Margerett, ux. 

John Forsterof Robert Ogle. 


of Brinckborne, 

I J . I I I I I 

George ffenwick William 2 Mary Gregory 3 Henry 4 Claudius 5 Margarett 

12yereold 1615. 

The family of Forster, of Newham, from which Col. George Fenwick and his sis- 
tor Mrs. Elizabeth Uullick derived their descent, are said by Mundy to be descended 

1884.1 Genealogical Gleanings in England. 201 

out of the house of Forster of Etherston. In this latter family the baptismal name 
of Reignold often occurs, suggesting the possible origin of Reginald Forster of Ip- 
swich. They bore Argent, a chevron, vert between three bugle-horns stringed sable. 
4 * these verses were sett about the Arrnes,' ? says Mundy : 

*' let us dcrly them hold 

to mind ther worthynes 

that wch our parent's old 

hath left us to posses." 

Col. Fen wick's first wife and the mother of his children, was Alice, relict of Sir 
John Botteler, knight, and daughter of Sir Edward Apsley of Thackham in county 
Sussex, knight. One of her sisters, Elizabeth, was the wife of Sir Albert Morton, 
Secretary of State to King James. His second wife, Catherine, was eldest daugh- 
ter of the famous Sir Arthur Hazelrigg of Noseley Hall, in Leicestershire. The 
monument erected to the memory of Cul. Fenwick in the church at Berwick, which 
he is said to have been principally instrumental in building, shows that he died 15 
March, 1656. It will be noticed that his sister Elizabeth, wife of Capt. John Cul- 
lick, does not appear on the foregoing pedigree, probably not having been born 
until after 1615, when the visitation was made. The " sister Lcdgard " was Mary, 
wife of Thomas Ledgard. — n. f. w.] 

"William: Hatiiorne, of Binfield in the County of Berks, yeoman, 18 
May, 1650, proved 2 May, 1651, by Sara Ilathorne, the widow and exec- 
' * utrix. To the poor of the parish of Binfield twenty shillings, to lie dis- 

tributed on the day of my burial. To Robert Hathorne, my son, all that 
my messuage or tenement now in the tenure of my brother-in-law John 
Lawrence, situate and being in Bray, in the County of Berks, together with 
all barns, stables, outhouses, orchards, gardens, backsides, easments, profits 
and hereditaments thereto belonjjino:; and also that my cottage closes and 
parcels of land, pasture and meadow, lying and being in Bray aforesaid, aud 
hereafter particularly mentioned. That is to say, one barn with two or- 
chards and five closes of pasture and meadow called Neatherhouse barn, 
neathouse mead, the two Butts, Bishopps cloase and the backside, containing 
» in all eighteen acres, more or less, lyin£ together near unto the said mes- 

suage and abutting upon Oakely Greene towards the North, — (other lots, of 
four aeres and of eighteen acres respectively, abutting upon Oakely Green 
towards the South), one cottage, with a hay house and backside, late in the 
temire of Richard Braiser, containing one acre, more or less, abutting upon 
Okely Greene aforesaid towards the North ; also one close and one pidle 
of pasture ground called Godlers, containing seven acres, adjoining to a 
lane leading out of Okeley Greene into Didworth Green towards the 
South, to have unto the said Robert Hathorne my son & his heirs forever, 
upon trust, &c. — that they shall give and pay unto "William Ilathorne, my 
eldest son, his executors or assigns, the sum of one hundred pounds of law- 
ful money of England within two years next after my decease, and unto 
John Ilathorne, my son. (See, twenty pounds within three years, &c. Item, 
I give unto Nathaniel Hathorne, my son, twenty shillings in money. Fur- 
ther unto John Hathorne twenty pounds, if living, otherwise to his wife 
and children, within one year next after my decease. To Edmond Ha- 
thorne, my youngest son (thirty acres and more in Bray) upon the trust 
and confidence and to the end, intent and purpose that the said Edmond 
Hathorne, my son, his heirs or assigns, shall give and pay unto Elizabeth, 
my daughter, the wife of M r Richard Uavenporte, her executors or as- 
signs, the sum of forty pounds of lawful money of England within two 
years next after my decease. To Anne, my daughter, wife of Hugh Smith, 
twenty shillings, and to Elizabeth, her daughter, live shillings. To Robert, 
Sara, Anne and Katherine, the children of my son-in-law Philip Lee, five 
shillings apiece. 


202 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

The residue, my debts being paid, my funeral expenses discharged and 
this my last will and testament in all tilings duly performed, to Sara Ha- 
thorne, my wife, whom I ordain and make sole executrix. 

The witnesses were John Sowthey als Ilayle, Thomas Dyer and Robert 
Southey als Hayle. Grey, 87. 

Sara Hathorne (by mark) of Biufield in the County of Berks, widow, 
5 September, 1655, proved 14 March, 1G55, by Nathaniel Hathorne, son 
and sole executor. To the poor of Binh'eld twenty shillings, to be bestowed 
on such as have most need, at the discretion of my executors, on the day 
of burial. To Robert Hathorne, my son, a round table in the chamber 
over the Hall, with a drawer to him, a great joyned chair in the parlor, my 
elm chest in the chamber over the parlor, a great pair of andirons standing 
in the parlor, two pillow beares, one of them Holland pillow beare and the 
other of them a flaxen pillow beare, two silver spoons, one of my best 
joined stools in the hall, a cupboard cloth wrought with blue at the ends 
and a £reat brazen candlestick. To Anne, my daughter, the wife of Hush 
Smith, my best feather bed and bolster belonging to him, a feather pillow, 
two blankets, my green rug, my green sea curtains and valians to them, two 
pair of my better sheets, the fourth part of all my pewter, my lesser brass 
pot and pothooks, my little skillett, all my wearing apparell, three of my 
bigger milk bowls, a low leather chair, my best green matted chair, the 
biggest chest that was her fathers and ten pounds of lawful money of Eng- 
land. To my two grandchildren Anne Lee and Katherine Lee, twenty 
shillings apiece. To all the residue of my grandchildren, that is to say, 
Sara Hathorne, Elizabeth Hathorne and Elizabeth Hathorne, Susanna 
Hathorne, Nathaniel Hathorne, William Smith and Elizabeth Smith, the 
several sums often shillings apiece. To Anne Middleton, my late servant, 
ten shillings. 

The residue to sou Nathaniel Hathorne, who is to be sole executor. The 
witnesses were John Yonges and Ilenrie Otwaie (by mark). 

Berkley, 34. 

[The foregoing will of William Hathorne of Binfield confirms the guess made in 
1879, as to the English home of the American family of Hathorne, and the inter- 
marriage of Lieut. Richard Davenport, of New England, with that family. (See 
Gleanings from English Records, &c, by Einmerton and Waters, Essex Institute, 
Salem, Mass., where sundry abstracts of English wills may be found, and paternal 
and maternal pedigrees of the distinguished author Nathaniel Hawthorne.) Bin- 
field, Bray and Oakley Green are all in the North Eastern part of Berkshire, a little 
West and South West of Windsor. From a History and Antiquities of the Hun- 
dred of Bray, by Charles Kerry, London, 1861, t learn that there was a manor of 
Cruchfields and Hawthorne, that a William Hawthorne was one of the tenants 
of " Queen Lease " in the parish of Bray and Manor of Bray, 10.50 ; in the " Ren- 
tall of the Manor of Bray. 1050," William Hawthorne is charged one pound per an- 
num for all lands holden of the manor, Thomas Hawthorne is charged three shil- 
lings, the heirs of Robert Hawthorne five shillings, and William Hawthorne, Jr., 
five pence. In " The Assert Rent of Bray, 1058," under the title "Oakley," I 
find "Robert Hauthorne for house and lands," six shillings four pence, "Tho- 
mas Hauthorne ditto," three shillings three pence halfpenny, and " llenery Hau- 
thorne for lands," seven shillings. William Hawthorne was one of the church 
wardens in Bray, A. D. 1600. By Indenture dated 10 January, 6 James (1009), 
Sir John Norris confirmed unto William Goddard, William Hathorne, Thomas 
Westcott and live others, and their heirs, all those piddles or parcels of ground 
severally lying in certain hamlets and tithings of the parish of Bray in the county 
of Berks, whereupon small cottages and other edifices were erected and bailt, con- 
taining in the whole, by estimation, five acres," &c., intrust for the "relief of 
such poor, impotent and aged persons as from time to time thereafter should be 


1884.] Genealogical Gleanings in England* 203 

dwelling within the said parish, and to the intent that the poorest and most aged 
nnd impotent persons of the said parish should he provided for ever of houses and 
habitation.'' By an Indenture dated 14 January, 1621, it appears that William. 
Hawthorn and Thomas- Westcott, who were the surviving trustees, associated with 
themselves eight other substantial inhabitants of the parish as feoffees in trust, &c. 
By Indenture of feoffment bearing date I September, 1657, it appears that Thomas 
Wilcox was the surviving trustee. On page 110 of the History may be found " The 
Legend of Hawthorn," which narrates the finding of two pots of gold on Haw- 
thorn Hill, near Cr'uchfield (but a little way from Binfield), and on page 111 sun- 
dry notices of the name of Hawthorne, gathered from court rolls, registers and other 
authentic sources ; from which it appears that John Hothorn died 15:20, leaving Hen- 
ry Hothorn his son and heir. Henry died 1531, leaving Roger his son and heir. In 
1535 a field of Thomas Hothorne adjoined one held by John Bysshop in " Cryche- 
feld." In 1533 Thomas Hothorne was appointed collector for the lands he (Bys- 
shop) held called " Chaunters " by the yearly rent of twenty shillings nine pence. 
William Hothorn died 1533, leaving William his son and heir. William Haw- 
thorne was a copyhold tenant 1601 and church warden 1600-02. Thomas Hawthorn 
jun. purchased " Brownings'' in Holyport, 1602. John Hawthorne held a coppice 
at Binfield called "Picking's Points,'" 1605. One of this family married Anne, 
daughter of Gilbert Loggins, circa 1605. And Robert Hawthorne's name occurs 
1656 to 1664.— h. f. w.J 

Nathaniel Hathorne, of Cookham in County Berks, gentleman, 27 
September, 1G52, proved 29 July, 16")4, by Martha Hathorne, the relict 
and executrix. To wife Martha eight hundred pounds in lieu of her joint- 
ure and thirds, &c. My manor of South Braham* in the county of Som- 
erset. Estates in the counties of Devon. Somerset and Berks. My four 
brothers- in-law, Thomas Loggins, John Whistler, Ralphe Whistler and Tho- 
mas Whistler, gentleman. Mv three own sisters, Elizabeth, Marv and 
Anne, and John Laurence, the husband of Anne. My son-in-law Wil- 
liam Mattingly and Jone his wife. My kinsman William Eldridge and 
Judith his wife. Anne Winclie, the wife to my nephew John Winch. My 
nephew William Winche. The poor of Cookham and South Braham. 
% Wife Martha to be executrix, and two loving kinsmen, Dr. Daniel Whist- 

ler of Gresham College, and John Winche, of London, haberdasher, to be 
overseers. One of the witnesses was John Hathorne. Alchin, 251. 

[This testator was, of course, brother to the foregoing William Hathorne and un- 
cle to the American immigrant. 

It is with a peculiar satisfaction, it must be confessed, that the compiler of these 
Gleanings, himself a native of Salem, has at last been able to prove beyond a doubt 
whereabouts in " Our Old Home," that elder England beyond the seas, we must 
look for the ancestry of the most widely known among the distinguished sons of 
old Salem, the most original of the prose writers of our New England, and the one 
whose writings are most native to her soil ; a satisfaction tinged with the regret, 
however, that the discovery was not made in the great writer's life time. We can 
easily imagine with what delight he would have made a pilgrimage into Berk- 
shire, how gladly he would have loitered about Binfield and Bray, Cruchfield and 
Oakley Green, making new sketches to illustrate his English Note' Book, and how 
eagerly his quaint and vivid fancy would have seized even upon the scanty materi- 
als offered to it in the Legend of Hawthorn Hill and its pots of gold, to weave 
therefrom a story that should rival in weirdness any of his " Legends of New 

The eldest son and namesake of William Hathorne of Binfield, and first Ameri- 
can ancestor of the distinguished writer, was, next to Governor Endicott, by far 
the most important personage in the civil history of Salem during the first genera- 
tion. By sheer force of natural talent and commanding character, this son of a 
plain English yeoman easily came to the front rank among the many wi«e and ac- 
tive New England men who were then engaged in the tremendous and to them 
solemn task of founding a state, opening up the wilderness, treating with " the 

* Probably South Bruham (or Brewham) in the Hundred of Bruton. — h. f. w. 


204 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

barbarious Heathen," justly and peaceably if possible, but with fire and sword if 
need be, allotting lands to the new comers in proportion to their means and ability 
and to the numbers of their families, establishing offices of record, settling disputes, 
levying taxes, making provision for meeting-house and school-house, regarding 
justice and morality, a careful religious training and the free education of all, as 
the only sure basis of good order and sound government, the only firm and stable 
foundation whereon to erect the superstructure of a mighty new state. In all this 
work Major William Hathorne bore a prominent part, whether as an enterprising 
and prosperous merchant, a trusted citizen and deputy, an honored speaker of the 
House, a wise and influential magistrate in the highest court, or an active and suc- 
cessful commander in the wars; and his career illustrates most happily the wonder- 
ful capacity of the Aoglo-^axon race, that imperial race of modern times, its adapt- 
ability and readiness to cope with new conditions of life, to adjust itself to strange 
and heretofore untried surroundings, its plain and homely common sense, its union 
of native practical sagacity and sound judgment with a love of law and order, and 
at the same time a spirit of adventure, Which has made Great Britain not only the 
most prosperous of nations, but the greatest colonizing people in the world, the 
mother of Nations, and which is so conspicuously manifestea in the marvellous ca- 
reer of her daughters, the " Greater Britain '' in America and Australia and else- 
where throughout the world wherever a love of enterprise or any other cause has 
led its people to settle and plant new homes. — tr. f. w.j 

William Pkpperell of St. Stephens by Launceston, in the County of 
Cornwall, 5 June, 1 055, proved 15 October 1055, by Jane Pepperell, his 
widow, and William Pepperell, his son. Daughter Alice (under 12) and 
Jane Pepperell. second son Robert, wife Jane, son Thomas (under 12) and 
eldest son William. Richard Call my brother-in-law, John Roe of Launces- 
ton, Thomas Facy of St. Thomas, and Robert Pepperell my brother (of 
whose unfained affection and fidelity I have had long and frequent experi- 
ments), to be overseers. The witnesses were Nevill Blighett, Will Blag- 
don and Nicholas Dodge. Aylett, 387. 

[The testator could not have been the grandfather of Sir William Pepperrell, 
bart., the captor of Louisburg. Possibly he may have been his great-grand- 
father. William Pepperrell, the father of the baronet, was born about 1640, 
having died Feb. 13, 1733-4, in his 87th year. Usher Parsons, M.D., in the biog- 
raphy of the son (Boston, 1856), states ttiat the father was bjrn in Tavistock, De- 
vonshire : but ten years later (Register, xx. 1) he calls him a native of Wales. The 
Wentworth Genealogy (ed. 1878, p. 307) calls him a native of Cornwall. " Tra- 
dition," according to Dr. Parsons, ' says that he spoke broad Welsh, as Boll and 
Woll for Bill and Will." He had three sisters. One married a Phillips, another 
a Gilbert, and the third, Grace, died unmarried. His children were Andrew, Mary, 
Margery, Joanna, Miriam, William the baronet, Dorothy and Jane. For an ac- 
count of the descendants of the baronet, among whom is Edward Walford, M.A., 
of London, Eng., editor of the Antiquarian Magazine, see Register, xx. 1-6. — 


Sir Willtam Phips, Knight, of P>oston in the county of Suffolk, Pro- 
vince of Massachusetts Ray, in New England, 18 December, 1693, sworn 
to by Dame Mary Phips 10 September, 1696; proved 29 January, 1G96. 
To brother James Phips or his heirs, the sum of five shillings. To my 
dear and entirely beloved consort Mary Phips, and to her heirs forever, ail 
my estate, real and personal, &c. &c, with power to alienate by deed of gift, 
will or codicil. If she should die without having, by will, disposed of my 
estate, &c, it shall all descend and fall to my adopted son. Spencer Phips 
ats Bennett and the heirs of his body. If he should die without issue sur- 
viving, what is left shall be equally divided and shared, one half thereof by 
my sisters Mary, Margaret and the heirs of my sister Anne deceased, or 
their heirs forever, and the other half iu like manner, to the relations of 
my beloved consort, reserving only out of the whole estate one hundred 

1884.1 Genealogical Gleanings in England. 205 


pounds current money of New England, which my said relations and the 
relations of my said wife shall cause to be paid unto John Phipps, son to 
my brother John Phipps deceased, or to his heirs, if this clause be not re- 
pealed by my wife aforesaid. If my dear consort should die before my said 
son is come to age or is married, then I do nominate and appoint my friends 
Capt. John Foster, Esq., and Capt. Andrew Belcher of Boston, merchants, 
to be trustees of my estate and guardians to my said son, until he shall be 
of full age or married. 

The witnesses were John Phillips, John White, John Hiskett, Josiah 
Stone and John Greenough. Pyne, 15. 

Francis Pmrps, the elder, of Reading, in the county of Berks, men- 
tions (inter alios) son Constantine Phipps, in his will proved 1668. 

Hene, 69. 

[A flattering sketch of the mathematical and inventive ability of Sir William 
Phips — our governor during the time of the witchcraft delusion ; with a copy of 
the epitaph from his monument in St. Mary Woolnoth's Church in London, are 
given in " The Peerage of Ireland," by John Lodge, vol. vii. p. 84, of the edition of 
178 l J, edited by Mervyn Archdall, as a prelude to the history of the ancestry of 
Lord Mulgrave; which is followed by the statement that Sir William Phips was 
father of Sir Constantine Phipps, Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1710 to 1714, 
who was grandfather of the first Baron .Mulgrave. 

Sir William (whose will is given above) was son of James Phips, a gunsmith, 
who came from Bristol, England, and settled near the Kennebec River. Cotton 
Mather states that James had twenty-one sons and five daughters. Sir William 
mentions in his will but one brother and three sisters, and having no child adopts 
his wife's nephew, afterward known as Spencer Phips, who lived and died in New 
England. Sir Egerton Brydges copied the statement from Archdall and incorporat- 
ed it in his celebrated edition of Collins's Peerage (1812), but having noticed later 
the Life of Sir William Phips by Cotton Mather, corrects the statement in an ap- 
pendix, so far as Sir Constantine was concerned, by suggesting that Spencer Phips, 
the adopted son of Sir William, was the true ancestor of Lord Mulgrave. Debrett, 
« in his annual Peerage, carried the original story for years, but finally left it out en- 

tirely. Burke substituted " cousin ' for " father,'' still keeping Sir William 
Phips for the "figure-head " of the family by saying he was cousin of Sir Con- 
stantine. Savage (1861) Vol. iii. p. 4:22, calls attention to the "preposterous 
fable,"' and quotes " Smiles's Self-Help, p. 160," as a present example of its con- 
tinuance. The Heraldic Journal (1865), Vol. i. pp. 154-5, contains a full and in- 
teresting account of this " popular error." The latest promulgation of the old 
story which has come to my sight is in an elegant volume purchased by the Boston 
Athenaeum during 1881, " Picturesque Views of Seats of Noblemen, &c," by Key. 
F. O. Morris (no date) but evidently a very recent publication, Vol. ii. pp. 11 to 12, 
with a view of Mulgrave Castle, the seat of the Marquis of Nornianby. 

This magnificent place was inherited by Constantine Phipps (a grandson of Sir 
• Constantine previously mentioned) from his maternal grandmother, whose paternity 

was a question of historic doubt. 

Catherine Sedley, created Countess of Dorchester for life, was the acknowledged 
mistress of James II. ; the keeper of his privy purse, Col. James Graham, also had 
intimate relations with her. It happened that her daughter — Lady Catherine Darn- 
ly — bore an exact resemblance to his daughter, the Countess of Berkshire. Col. 
Graham was not inclined to deny the paternity, while the mother asserted that her 
daughter " need not be so proud, as she was 770/ the King's child, but Col. Gra- 
ham's." (Jesse's Lives of the Stuarts, Vol. iii. p. 508.) 

Lady Catherine Darnley was married first to the Earl of Anglesey, from whom 
she was divorced; she then married the Duke of Buckingham. From him she 
received Mulgrave Castle, and she gave it to Constantine Phipps, the son of her 
daughter by her first husband. 

This Constantine Phipps was created Baron Mulgrave of the peerage of Ireland in 
1768, but the titles have accumulated upon his descending line until the present 
head of the family is " Marquis of Normanby. Earl of Mulgrave, Viscount Norman- 
by and Baron Mulgrave of Mulgrave, co. York, in the Peerage of the United Kmg- 


206 Genealogical Gleanings in England^. [April, 

Horn; Baron Mulgfave of New Ross, co. Wexford, in the Peerage of Ireland.'' 1 
The armorial bearings are quartering of those of James II. ! and of Sir William 

Mr. Waters has found a father for a Constantine Phipps, and we hope the whole 
question of relationship to Sir William (if any existed) will be fully settled soon. 
Dr. Marshall in " The Genealogist," Vol. vi., gave new material as to the mar- 
riages and children of the first Constantine. — J. 0. J. Brown. 

From Hist, and Antiquities of Reading, by the Rev. Charles Coates, LL.B., Lon- 
don, 1802, p. 445, we learn that there was a tradition that Sir Constantine Phipps, 
the ancestor of the Mulgrave family, was born at Reading. — h. f. w.] 

Symon Bradstreete, citizen and grocer of London. 22 February, 1G27, 
proved 28 February, 1G27, by Samuel Bradstreete. Daughter Margaret, 
now wife of Edmond Slater, citizen and mercer of London, married with- 
out my love, leave or consent. My nephew, Samuel Bradstreete, to be 
residuary legatee and sole and absolute executor. Barrington, 14. 

[Simon Bradstreet, the " Nestor of New England," who was governor of Massa- 
chusetts, 1679-S6 and 1689-92, was probably related to the testator. Gov. Brad- 
street used on his will a seal with these arms : Ou a fesse three crescents, in base a 
greyhound passant (Register, viii. 313). The tinctures are not indicated. The 
arms of Sir John Valentine Bradstreet, baronet, descended from Simon B. of Kil- 
mainham, co. Dublin, Ireland, created a baronet in 1759, are, Arg. a greyhound 
passant gules; on a chief sable three crescents or. 

The father of Gov. Bradstreet was named Simon, according to the statement of 
the Rev. Simon B. of New London (Reg. ix. 113). Cotton ^father, who does not 
give the christian name, says that he was " a minister in Lincolnshire who was 
always a nonconformist at home as well as when preacher at Middleburgh 
abroad" (Magnalia, ed. 1702, Bk. ii. p. 19; ed. 1853, vol. i. p. 138). Gov. Brad- 
street, according to Mather, was " born at Horbling, March, 1603." He died at 
Salem, March 27, 1697, " set. 91," according to the inscription on his monument 
(Reg. i. 76). He was bred at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, A.B. 1620, A.M. 
1624, came to New England in 1630, being then secretary of the Massachusetts 
Company. He married first, Anne, daughter of Gov. Thomas Dudley, by whom he 
had eight children — Samuel, Dorothy married Rev. Seaborn Cotton ; Sarah wife of 
Richard Hubbard ; Rev. Simon, Hannah or Ann, wife of Andrew Wiggin ; Dud- 
ley, John, and Mercy wife of Nathaniel Wade. He married secondly Mrs. Anne 
(Downing) Gardiner. See memoirs. Register, i. 75-7; viii. 312-13. Lists of 
descendants of him and his gifted wife, the first female poet in New England, in- 
cluding some eminent American writers, are printed in the Register, viii. 312-25 ; 
ix. 113-21.— Editor.1 

John Sedgwicke, of the parish of S* Savior's, Southwark, in county 
Surrey, brewer, 27 November, 1638, proved 5 December, 1G38, by Mar- 
tha Sedgwicke, widow and executrix. To be buried in the parish church 
of S l Savior's. To wife Martha two thousand pounds of money and cer- 
tain personal property at my house at Barnes in county Surrey, late in the 
occupation of M r Hubland deceased. To my mother Elizabeth Sedg- 
wicke, of Woburu in the county of Bedford, widow, the sum of five hun- 
dred pounds in money within one year after my decease. But if she die 
before the expiration of said year, then two hundred and fifty pounds of 
that money to be given to my wife and the other two hundred and fifty 
pounds to be at the disposal and ordering of my said mother to such of her 
children as she shall think most meet, at her own will and pleasure. To rny 
6ister Mary Houghton, now wife of Robert Houghton, and their daughter 


Martha, my god-daughter, the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds within < 
year, &c. To my brother William Sedgwicke, minister of Farnam, n 
Bishops Starford, fifty pounds within one year, &c. " Item I give and re- 
mitt to my loving brother Robert Sedgwicke, of Charlcstowne in new Eng- 
land Thirtie and eight pounds which hee oweth mee by bill and fourty shil- 

1S84.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 207 

lin^s to buy him a ring." To my father and mother in law, Edward and 
Joan Wicke, of Leighton in the county of Bedford, the sum of five pounds 
each ; to sister Joan Wicke ten pounds ; to brothers Matthew, Mark and 
Thomas Wicke ten pounds apiece ; and to brother Luke Wicke thirty 
pounds ; all within one year after my decease. To my friend and brother 
Nicholas Crisp, citizen and girdler of London, ten pounds, and to his wife 
Sarah Crisp, ten pounds within one year, &c. To the poor of the parish 
of Woburn in the County of Bedford, the sum of twenty pounds, &c. ? it 
being the parish in which I was born. To the poor of the town of Leigh- 
ton twenty pounds. To the poor of the Liberty of the upper ground, on 
the Baukeside, in the parish of St. Saviors, ten pounds. To ten poor godly 
ministers of God's word the sum of forty pounds, to be distributed at the 
discretion of my overseers. To M r Nicholas Morton, minister of the pa- 
rish of St. Saviors, forty shillings to preach my funeral sermon. To M r 
James Archer, minister also of the said parish, forty shillings. To my 
uncle, Mr Stephen Sedgwicke, brewer, five pounds to buy him a ring. To 
servant Nathaniel Barrow five pounds. Wife Martha to be executrix, 
and kinsmen and friends Edward Wicke, Stephen Sedgwicke, Nicholas 
I « Crisp and Robert Houghton to be overseers. Lee, 181. 

[Robert Sedgwick, named in this will as brother of the testator, was a prominent 
man in early £ew England history. It is noteworthy that Sarah Sedgwick, second 
wife of Gov. John Leverett (Reg. xxxv. 313), who has been supposed to be a sister 
of Robert, is not mentioned here. Robert Sedgwick settled in Charlestown as early 
as 1636, was one of the founders of the Artillery Company in 1633, was chosen Ma- 
jor-General, the highest military office in the colony, May 26, 1652; went to Eng- 
land and was appointed by Cromwell commander of the expedition which captured 
in 1654 tiie French posts in Anadia. He was sent as a commissioner to Jamaica after 
the capture of that island (Reg. ante, p. 21), where he died May 24 (Drake),- or 
June 24 (Palfrey). 1656. His children were Samuel, Hannah, William and Rob- 
ert (Wyman's Charlestown). His widow Joanna became the second wife of Rev. 
* Thomas Allen of Charlestown, whose first wife vas Anna, widow of John Harvard, 

founder of Harvard College. Descendants have been distinguished in literature and 
in civil and military life. — Editor.] 

Notes on Abstracts previously printed. 

Constant Sylvester. (Ante, xxxvii. 385.) 

Grace Sylvester. — In the Register for October last, paae 385, Mr. Waters gives 
an abstract of the will of Constant Silvester, made in Barbadoes in 1671. In this 
will the testator gives his two daughters, Grace and Mary, " two thousand pounds 
each on the day of their marriage, besides One hundred pounds each to buy them 
a jewel at the age of 16 years." The following deposition, made by the mother of 
these two young ladies, has been transcribed from the " Proceedings in the Spirit- 
ual Court of the Diocese of Londun," and brings to light an interesting episode 
in the annals of the family of Sylvester : 

" 12 Die Menses Decembris Anno Doin 1685 which day appeared p'son- 
ally Grace Sylvester, widdow and Relict of Constant Sylvester, E-quire, 
dec d and by vertue of her oath deposed that about Ten years since her hus- 
band being dead, her affaires called her into Barbadoes ; she left her child- 
ren, viz 1 one Sonn and two daughters under the care and tuition and gov- 
ernment to Anne Walrond her sister, who dyed in ffebruary last, as she was 
informed and she was likewise informed y l one M* John Staples being an 
acquaintance of this deponents sonn Constant Sylvester, thereby became 
acquainted with Grace Sylvester this deponents daughter and pretended to 
make his addresses to her in the way of marriage and the same (as this de- 


208 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

ponent was informed) Came to the Knowledge of the said Anne Walrond 
& she forbad the said John Staples to come to the said House and lie there- 
upon did desist and she doth farther depose that she this deponent arrived 
at London on the 28 th of September last and after such her arrival Sir 
Henry Pickering Bar* made courtshipp in the way of marriage to her this 
Deponents daughter. Grace Sylvester and he made also his addresses to this 
deponent therein to whom she gave her consent, upon Information of his 
Quality, State and Condition and after some tyme the said M r John Sta- 
ples came to her this deponents lodgings in S c James S l viz', on or about 
the 3 d day of Nov r last and in the p r sence of this Depon', Henry Walrond 
Sen r Esq re and severall other p r sons the said m r John Staples told this de- 
ponent that he understanding that her daughter Grace was speedily to be 
married to Sir Henrv Pickering and he thought good to acquaint this de- 


ponent that her daughter could not justly p r ceed in the s d match, ior she 
was by promise engaged to him or to that effect and he being asked, when, 
where, and in whose p r sence, he answered, in the Mall in S l James and that 
her sister Mary and Mrs Mary Seaman were with them, but were either 
soe much before or behind them that they could not heare theire discourse 
and the s d Grace Sylvester being then p r sent absolutely denyed that she 
made any such p r mise, but declared that she told him that she would never 
marry any p r son w th out her mothers consent and approbation, or to that 
very effect, whereupon the s d John Staples replyed that the p r mise made 
to him had. that condicon and the s d Grace denying any p r mise, the s d John 
Staples said that this was noe more than he expected and in a little tyme 
after departed, but i mediately before his departure had some private dis- 
course with Henry Walrond Sen r Esq r and this depon* iindeing that her s d 
daughter Grace Sylvester was noe wayes engaged to the s d John Staples 
nor had any kindness for him, This dep* did consent that the said Sir Hen- 
ry Pickering should pursue his addresses to the s d Grace her daughter which 
he did accordingly and hath obteyned the affections of her s d daughter and 
there was and is an agreement made between them bv and with the Con- 
sent of this dep 1 and that order was and is given for drawing up writings 
and settling of a Joyntureand preparation for the marriage between him the 

s d Sir Henry Pickering and the s d Grace to be solemnized before any 

or Inhibition was served on the said Grace which was not served as she 
believeth untill the fourth of this Instant — December and upon designe (as 
this dep 1 doth verily believe) by the s d John Staples to gett some money 
or other sinister end. In witness whereof she hath hereunto sett her hand. 

Grace Sylvester. 
12 Decemb. 1C85. p' fata Gratia Sylvester ) s 

vidua jurat coram me, Th° Exton. j 

Henry Walrond, Sen r also made a deposition similar to the above, and also adds 
that Staples in a private discourse with him said " he knew the Consent or promise 
made to him, was no such promise, as thereby to oblige her, meaning the s d Grace, 
to marry him, or to make null or void her marriage to any other person, but he 
could thereby putt a stopp, or hindrance if he pleased to her marriage witli any 
other person and desired this deponent (Henry Walrond) to consider thereof." 

Sir Henry Pickering was the only son of Sir Henry, the first Baronet, of Whad- 
don, co. Cambridge, by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Vinor, 1st Baronet, 
Lord Mayor in 1653. He succeeded his father in 1H67-8, and married first the 
daughter of Sir George Downing, Bart. , of East Hatley, co. Cambridge; second, 
Grace Sylvester, by whom he had no children, fie resided in Barbadoes, where he 
died in 1701-5. With him the Baronetcy became extinct. — G. D. Scull, of Ox- 
ford, England. 

1884.] The " Quo Warranto" of 1635. 209 


Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 

npiIE Indictment, which followed closely upon the Writ of Quo 
Jl Warranto, issued in 1635 against the Massachusetts Bay Com- 
pany by Charles 1st, through his attorney general, Sir John Banks, 
incited thereunto by Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Thomas Morton and 
others, is well known to the students of early New England history 
by the abstract of that notable document preserved in Hutchinson's 
"Collections of Papers," Boston, 1769, pp. 101-3. A copy of 
the writ of Quo Warranto, issued on the 17th day of June in the 
11th year of Charles 1st, addressed to the sheriffs of London, to 
take Sir Henry Rosewell and the associates or freemen of the Socie- 
ty of the Massachusetts Bay, is printed among the Danforth Papers 
in the Second Series of the Massachusetts Historical Society's Col- 
lections, Volume VIII. The original indictments, in Latin, drawn 
separately against Sir Henry Rosewell, Sir John Young, Thomas 
Southcot, John Humphreys and Simon Whetcombe, and their after- 
associates, to whom the grant of Massachusetts Bay with the ad- 
joining lands, was made by the Council for New England, are pre- 
served among the Parchment rolls in the State Paper Record Office, 
and are known a3 the r Coram Re^e." These rolls are lar^e bound 
bundles of thick parchment skins, each skin being about two feet 
lono;, and written over on both sides in Latin, in columns of fifteen 
or sixteen inches long and eight inches wide. They are all in per- 
fect preservation. The caligraphy in them is quite a model of pre- 
cision and neatness, the ink used in the manuscripts having retained 
its original black color unimpaired. 

The translation of the indictment, in extenso, which is herewith 
printed, was made from a copy in Latin found among the Egerton 
• Manuscripts in the British Museum. There are good grounds for 

supposing that this particular copy was the one used in court (of the 
King's Bench) at the trial, by Sir John Banks. It is drawn in one 
document as a collective and comprehensive indictment against the 
twenty-four associates in the Massachusetts Bay Company, and not 
as a separate indictment, each of the same tenor, against every indi- 
vidual member of the twenty-four, as Sir John Banks felt legally 
obliged to have them drawn, as they are now found in the Roll of the 
" Coram Rege." This copy of the Latin indictment and the brief report 
of the decisions of the court before which the twenty-four associates 
were summoned to be tried, were both found, as above mentioned, 
in the Egerton Collection. In a printed catalogue for the sale of 
these manuscripts, the previous owner, whose name was carefully 

vol. xxxvin. 19* 


210 The M Quo Warranto " of 1635. [April, 

withheld from the public, had made this note concerning the manu- 
scripts : " These papers comprise many of the highest importance, 
and should at this moment be found in the Colonial office. " They 
were sold at Sotheby's auction room, London, February 16th, 1875, 
for £25, and were bought by the British Museum. 

A copy of the decisions of the court on the Quo Warranto trials 
will be also found printed in the Hutchinson Papers, but it varies 
somewhat in form from the copy here introduced, and which was 
found appended to the indictment in the bound volume above allud- 
en to, as among the Egerton Manuscripts. 

[British Museum, Egerton MS. 2395, fol. 27.] 

Par Indicament. Trinit. xj. Car. R's=prima3. Quo "Warranto — 1635. 

Memorandum quod Johannes Banks miles attornatus Domini Regis nunc 
genealis qui pro eodem Domino Rege in hac parte sequitur in propria per- 
sona sua venit hie in Curiam dictij dominus Regis coram ipso Rege apud 
Westmonasterium die veneris proximo post crastiuum Sanctis Trinitatis isto 
eodem Termino et pro eodem Domino Rege dat Curiae hie intelligi et infor- 
mari quod Henricus Rosewell miles Johannes Young miles Richardus Sal- 
tonstal miles Johannes Humphreys Johannes I^ndicot Simo Whitcomb Sam- 
uel Aldersey Johannes Ven Matheus Cradock Georgius Harwood Increase 
Nowel Richardus Perry Richardus Bellingham Nathaniel Wright Samuel 
Vassal Theophilus Eaton Thomas Gotfe Thomas Adams Johannes Browne 
Samuel Browne Thomas Hutchins Willielmus Vassal Willielmus Pincheonet 
Georgius Foxcroft liberi homines societatis de Mattachusets Bay in Nova 
Anglia et alij liberi homines Societatis de Mattachusets Bay in Nova An- 
glia predicta per spatium triuin annorum jam ultimo elapsorum et amplius 
usi fuerunt et ad hue utuntur ac Clamant habere et uti infra Civitatem 
London et Libertatis eiusdem ac in omnibus locis extra Civitatem London 
proedictam Infra hoc Regnum Angliae nee nou in quam pluribus partibus 
transmarinis Extra hoc Regnum Angliae absque aliquo warranto sive Regali 
concessione libertates privilega et Francheses subsequents vid'. fore unum 
corpus corporatum et politicum jure facto et nomine per nomen Gubernato- 
ris et Societatis de Mattachusets Bay in Nova Anglia ac per illud nomen 
placitare et implacetare respondare et responded in Omnibus Curijs et locis 
quibcunQ tam in omnibus et singulis actionibus sectis et querelis quam in 
omnibus et singulis allijs causis negotijs materijs et demandijs quibuscunq> 
cujuscunq> siut generis natura? sive specei ac peridem nomen fore pcrsonas 
habiles et in lege capaces ad perquirendum habendum recipiendum ca- 
piendum et possidendum sibi successoribus suis tam de dicto Domino 
Rege quam de aliquibus alijs personis vel eorum Corporationum tam 
infra hoc Regnum Anglia} quam in aliquibus partibus transmarinis 
extra hoc Regnum Anglia aliqua dominina territoria teras tenementa re- 
ditus reversionis reventiones omnia possessionem hereditamenta bona et cat- 
talla licentia libertates francheses [pjroficua et comodatatates quocunq, 
eis per prefatum nomen sive alijs personis vel aliem alij persona? ad 
eorum sum dicta habita facta concesa sive confirmata ac par dictum nomen 
dare concedere dimittere locare disponere assignareet alienare bona cattalla 
terras tenementa et hereditamenta sua quecumCj. cuicumf}, persona? vel quibus 
cunq> personis ad eorum libitum acetiam habere deversa Commina Sigilla 

1884.] The " Quo Warranto" of 1635. 211 

pro omnibus et singlis causis et negotijs suis agendo et ilia ad libitum suum 
mutare frangere et de de novo facere a etiam habere potestatem et author- 
itatem quandoecimCjj eis placuerit nominare constituere et jurare uuum 
alius de semetipsis fore et esse Deputatum Gubernatorem Societatis pre- 
dicta? ac nominare constituere et jurare quascunCk personas tarn de semetip- 
sis quam de alijs fore et esse assistentes ejusdem Societatis ac nomina con- 
stituere et jurare de semetipsis tot et tales otliciarios et ministros tarn infra 
hoc Regnum Anglic quam in perdictis partibus transmariuis de Mattachu- 
sets Bay in Nova Anglia predicta in habitautes et residentes quot et quales 
eis placverit et Gubernatorem Deputatum Gubernatorem Assistentes et 
alios officicarios et alios ministeros illo ad libitum suum proprium Exone- 
rare amovere et mutare ac facere eligere et admittere in Societate ilia quas 
cunq> personas eis placeuerit tarn alieuos quam alios et diversas denariorem 
summas de ejusdem personis capere et levare pro eorum admissione in 
Societatem predictam quodc^ personam sic electa^ admisste et admittende 
erunt de societate predicta et incorporate vaacum ceteris de eadem societate 
nee non quascunOjj personas de eadem societate ad libitum suum propriuus 
a libertatibus et Ifranchesibus suis ejusdem societatis Excludere et easdem 
personas disfranchesare et a societate ilia amovere et Exonorare nee non 
habere sibj et successoribus suis totam illud terram patriam et Territorium 
dicti domini Regis vocatum Mattachusets Bay in nova Anglia predicta et 
Terram et Territorum illud ad libitum suum proprium assignare dare un- 
dere alienare et desponere cuicunCk persona? et quibuscuuCk personis Eii 
placverit ac habere regimen et solum Gubernationem suum terrarum pra- 
triarum et territoriarum perdictorum et omnium personarum eisdem inhabi- 
tantium Comorantium et resideutium s'eu in parte ilia veinesitium s'eu ne- 
gotiantium et easdem personas regere et gubernare secundus ordinatiouem 
et constitutiouem societatis illius ac habere uuum Confilliuin Continueresi- 
dem infra hoc Regnum An^lice Consistore de diuersis hominibus eiusdem 
societatis per ipsos nominatis et nominandis et nominare eligere et lurare 
quascunCjj personas fore de Cousilio illo ac habere unum Confiliuin Contin- 
ue residens in dictis partibus transmariuis vocatis Mattachusets Bay in 
Nova Anglia predicta consistens de diversis hominibus per ipsos nominatis 
electis et Eligendis et nominare Eligere lurare quos cunq> voluerunt fore 
de Consilio illo nee non habere et tenere tarn infra civitatem London pre- 
dictam quam alibj infra hoc Regnum Angliac ac etiam inpartibus transma- 
riuis predictis quasdem domus confiliares et in eisdem domibus quando cimf^ 
eis videbitur Expedire habere et tenere Curiam Congregationem et convo- 
» catiouem de quam plurimis et diversis hominibus ejusdem societatis et allijs 

quibuscunqj tot et talibus quot et qualibus eis placuit ac in eisdem curia con- 
gregatione et convocatione ad libitum suum proprium diversa statua leges 
et constitutiones ordinare facere et constituere ac diversa alia statuta leges 
et cordinationes concernentia terras tenementa bona et cattalla hujus modi 
hominum societatis predicts et aliarum personarum in partibus trausmari- 
nis predictis contra leges et consuetudines hujus Regni Angliae facere or- 
dinare et constituere et omnes personas tarn de societate predicta quam 
alios personas non Existentes de eadem Societate que Statutis ordinationi- 
bus legibus et constitutionibus illis non obedierent imprisouare at fines et 
Amerciamenta super eis de causa taxare et imponere et ea ad usus suos 
proprios levare et convertere ac etiam ad libitum suum proprium Exportare 
et transportare Extra hoc Regnum Anglian in partes transmarinas prodic- 
tas quascunq, personas Eis plac'iut tarn subditos dicti Domini Regis Ext- 

212 The " Quo Warranto " of 1635. [April, 

stentes [_sic] quam alias personas qurecuncjj Easq, ad libitum suum proprium 
Regere et gubernare tarn in itinere suo super mare quam in dictis partibus 
transmarinis ac etiam habere libertatem potestatem et autboritatem contra 
leges et statuta hujus Regni Anglian transportare Extra hoc Regnuin An- 
glian in partes transmarinas omnes et ominmodo merchandis mercimonis et 
alia res quascunGf, per leges e statuta hujus Regni Anglian prohibitas trans- 
portari ac etiam transportare Extra hoc Regnum Angliae in partes transma- 
rinas predictas omna genera armorum aramentorum instrumentorum belli- 
cosorum pulveris bombardici victalium pecorum Equorum Equarims et 
omnium alliarum marchandisarum et rerum quarumcunqj redditione vel solu- 
tione subsidiorum customarum impositionum vel aliarum taxationum qua- 
rumcunCjj dicto Domini Regi vel ad usum ejusdem Domini Regis actiam de 
omnibus personis tarn subditis dicti domiui Regis quam alijs negotiantibus 
anglice — trading in — in partes transmarinas illas tarn non Existentibus de 
societate sua predicta quam alias diversas denariorum summas ad libitum 
proprium exigere ornnesCk qui dictas taxatioues solvare negaverunt vel neg- 
lexerunt imprisorne ac habere solam et vincam Indicionem omnium et sin- 
gularum rerum et marchandisarum a partibus transmarinis predictis infra 
hoc Regnum angliie addictum vel aducedum et Exeorum propria? authoritate 
prohibere omnes et singulas personas qui non sunt de societate sua predicta 
transportare Extra hoc Regnum Anglian in partes transmarinas predictas 
aliquas marchandisas vel alias res quascunc^ ibidem in partibus illis marchan- 
disus sue alias marchandisas vel alias res quascunc^ adducere a partibus 
transmarinis il lis in hoc Regnum Amelia? nee non tines et Amerciamenta 
ad libitum suum taxare et imponere suiter quibus libet personis negotianti- 
bus anglire-trading-cum aliquibus merchandisis vel alijs rebus quibuscunq, 
in partibus transmarinis illis et easdem personas et libitum suum imprison- 
are ac etiam quascun<J impositiones placuerit super marchandisis et allijs 
rebus illis imponere nee non habere potestatem et authoritation uti et Ex- 
ercere tarn in partibus transmarinis perdictis quam super altuin mare Ju3 
militare quandocunCjj eis placuerit ac etiam absQj sacramento Examinare 
quas cunqj personas eis placuerit in alqua causa quas cunq, concernente vitam 
et membrum ac etiam ad prosedendum ad triationem sententiam Judicium 
et Executionem concernentem vitam et membrum terras et tenementa bona 
et Cattalla contra lesres et consuetudines hujus Reirni Aus-lia? de quibus om- 
nibus et singulis libertatibus privileges et Franchesibus supra dictis ijdem 
Henricus Rosewcl Johannes Young Richardus Saltonstall Johannes Hum- 
phreys Johannes Endicot Simon Whitcomb Samuel Aldersey Johannes Ven 
Mathew Cradock Georgius Ilarwood Increase Nowel Richardus Perry 
Richardus Bellingham Nathaniel Wright Samuel Vassal Theophilus Eaton 
Thomas Gofie Thomas Adams Johannes Browne Samuel Browne Thomas 
Hutchins Willielmus Vassal Willielmus Pincheon et Georirius ffoxcroft 
liberi homines societatis predicta? per totum tempus supra dictum super 
dictum Dominum Regium nunc usurpaverint et ad hue usurpant in dicti 
Domini Regis nunc et sua? regia? prerogative grave ad damnum et perju- 
dicium ac in contemptum dicti Domini Regis nunc Corona? et dignitatis 
suanim & c unde idem attornatus dicti Domiui Uegii pro eadem Domino Rege 
petit advisamentum Curia? in premissis et debitum legis processum usu3 
ipsos Ilenricum Rosewel Johannem Young Richardum Saltonstall Johan- 
nem Humphreys Johannem Endicot Simonem Whetcomb Samuelem Al- 
dersey Johannem Ven Matheum Cradock Georgius Ilarwood Increase 
Nowel Richardum Perry Richardum Bellingham Nathaniel Wright Sam- 

j 1884.] The " Quo Warranto " of 1635. 213 

uel Vassal Tbeophilum Eaton Thomam Goffe Thomam Adams Johannem 
Browne Samuelem Browne Thomam Hutchins Willielmum Vassal Williel- 
mum Pincheon et Georgium fFoxcroft liberos homines predicts et alios libe- 
ros homines societatis predicts in hac parte fieri ad respondendum dicto 
Domino Regi quo waranto clamant habere libertates privilegies et Fran- 
cheses supradictos &c. 

De Termino Sancti Michaelis An xj Regis Caroli Ro' Clxxv Int r Judi- 
cij pro defectu responsi versus Matheum Cradock liberum hominem soci- 
etatis a Mattachusets Bay in Nova Auglia super quo warr t0 Clamant ha- 
bere diversa libertates privilegia et franchises infra Civitatem London et 
libertatem ejusdem ac in omnibus locis extra civitatem London predictam 
infra hoc Regnum Anglian nee non in quam plurimis partibus transmarinis 
Extra hoc Regnum Angliaa unde impetitus est. 

est quod predicta libertatis privilegia et francheses in manus dicti domini 
Regis capiautur et seisiantur et quod predictus Matheus de et in libertati- 
bus privilegijs et franchesibus perdictis a modo nullatenus se intromittat sed 
ab omnia usu et clamatum eorundem et eorum cujus libet perijtus Excluda- 
tur et quod predictus Matheus capiatur ad satisfaciendum dicto Domino 
Regi pro usurpatione libertatum privilegiorum et franchesium predictorum. 


By Indictment. Trinity Term, A 11 King Charles I. 

Memorandum : that John Banks, knt., Attorney General of our Lord the King, 
that now is, who pursues for the same King in this particular, came, in person, into 
the Court of our said lord the King here, before the said King at Westminster on 
Friday next after the morrow of the Holy Trinity, in the said Term; and, for the 
said lord the King, gives the Court here to understand and to be informed, that 
Henry Rose well, Knt., John Young, Knt., Richard Saltonstal, Knt., John Hum- 
phreys, John Endicot, Simon Whetcomb, Samuel Aldersey, John Yen, Mathew Cra- 
dock, George Harwood, Increase Nowel, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Na- 
thaniel Wright, Samuel Vassal, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, 
John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassal, William Pinche- 
on and George Foxcroft, freemen of the Society of Mattachusets Bay, in New Eng- 
land, and other free-men of the Society of Mattachusets Bay, in New England, afore- 
said, were accustomed, for the space of three years, already last past, and for more, 
and to the present time, have used and claim to have and use, within the City of Lon- 
don, and of the liberty thereof, and in all places without the City of London, aforesaid, 
within this Kingdom of England, and also in very many parts beyond seas, without 
this Kingdom of England, without any Warrant or royal Concession, the liberties, 
privileges and Franchises following ; viz. to be a body corporate and politic, in right, 
deed, and name, by the name of the Governor and Society of Mattachusets Bay, in 
New England, and, by that name, to plead and implead, answer and be answered, 
in all Courts and places whatsoever, as well in all and singular actions, suits and 
quarrels, as in all and singular other causes, businesses, matters and demands, 
whatsoever, of whatever kind, nature or species, and, by the same name, to be 
persons fit and capable in law, to acquire, hold, receive, take and possess, for them 
and their successors, as well from the said our lord the King, as from any other per- 
sons, or of their corporations, as well within this Kingdom of England, as in other 
1>arts beyond seas, without this Kingdom of England, any domains, territories, 
ands, tenements, rents, reversions, revenues, possessions, hereditaments, goods and 
chattels, licenses, liberties, franchises, profits and commodities, in what way soever 
made, conceded or confirmed, to them by the aforesaid name, or to any other per- 
son or persons, to their use, and, by the said name, to c;ive, concede, demise, place, 
dispose, assign and alienate their goods, chattels, lands, tenements and heredita- 
ments, whatsoever, to whatsoever person, or whatsoever persons, at their please, 
and also to have divers Common Seals, for the carrying on of all and singular their 


214 • The "Quo Warranto" 0/ 1635. [April, 

causes and negotiations, and to change and break them at their pleasure, and to 
make them anew, and also to have power and authority, whensoever it may please 
them, to nominate, constitute and swear, one of themselves, to be Deputy Gover- 
nor of the Society aforesaid, and to nominate, appoint and swear, whatsoever per- 
sons, as well of themselves as of others, to be assistants of the same Society, and to 
appoint and nominate, and to swear, of themselves, so many and such Officers and 
Servants, as well dwelling and residing within this Kingdom of England as in the 
parts aforesaid, beyond seas, of Mattachusets Bay, in New England, aforesaid, of 
such sort and such, as it may please them, and to discharge, remove and change, at 
their pleasure, the Governor, Deputy Governor, assistants, and other officers, and 
to cause to be chosen and admitted, into that Society, whatsoever persons it may 
please them, as well strangers as others, and to take and levy divers sums of money 
From the same persons, for their admission into the Society aforesaid, which persons, 
so elected, admitted and to be admitted, shall be of the Society aforesaid, and in- 
corporated together with the rest of the said Society, and likewise to exclude what- 
soever persons of the same Society, at their pleasure, from the liberties and fran- 
chises of the same Society, and to disfranchise the same persons, and to remove and 
discharge them, from that Society. And also to hold to them and their successors, 
all that land, country and territory of the said our lord the King, called Matta- 
chusets Bay in New England, aforesaid, and to assign, give, sell, alienate and re- 
sign, that land or territory, at their pleasure, to whatsoever person or persons it 
may please them, and to have command and sole government of the lands, countries 
and territories aforesaid, and of all persons, inhabiting, dwelling and living in 
them, or living or negotiating in that part, and to rule and govern the same per- 
sons according to the ordinance and constitution of that Society, and to have 
one Council, continually resident within this Kingdom of England, to consist 
of divers men of the same Society, nominated by themselves and elected, and to be 
elected, and to nominate, elect, and swear, whomsoever they will to be of that 
Council, and also to have and hold, as well within the City of London, aforesaid, 
as elsewhere within this Kingdom of England, and also in the parts beyond seas, 
aforesaid, certain Council houses, and, in the same houses, to have and hold a Court, 
Congregation, and Convocation, whensoever it shall appear expedient to them, of as 
many and diverse men of the said Society, and others whomsoever, so many and 
such as it pleases them, and to ordain, make and constitute, in the same Court, 
Congregation and Convocation, at their pleasure, divers Statutes, laws and consti- 
tutions, and to make, ordain and constitute, divers other Statutes, laws and condi- 
tions, concerning the lands, tenements, goods and chattels of this kind, of the men 
of the Society aforesaid, and of other persons in the parts beyond seas, aforesaid, 
contrary to the laws and customs of this Kingdom of England, and to imprison ail 
persons of the Society, aforesaid, and other persons, not being of the same Society, 
disobeying those statutes, ordinances, laws and constitutions, and to tax and im- 
pose fines and amerciaments upon them, for that cause, and to levy and convert 
them to their own uses, and likewise, at their own free-will, to export and trans- 
port beyond this Kingdom of England, into parts beyond seas, aforesaid, whatsoever 
persons it shall please them, as well subjects of the said lord, the King, as other 
persons whomsoever, and to rule and govern them, at their pleasure, as well during 
their journey upon the sea, as in the said parts beyond seas, and also to have lib- 
erty, power and authority, against the Statutes and laws of this Kingdom of Eng- 
land, to transport, bc3 r ond this Kingdom of England to parts beyond seas, all and 
all kinds of merchandise, «;oods, and other things whatsoever, prohibited by the 
laws and Statutes of this Kingdom of England, to be transported. And likewise to 
transport beyond this Kingdom of England, into the parts beyond seas, aforesaid, 
all kinds of arms, armaments, instruments of war, gun powder, victuals, cattle, 
horses, mares, and of all other kinds of merchandise and things, whatsoever, by 
rendering or payment of subsidies, tolls, impositions, or other taxations, whatso- 
ever, to the said lord, the King, or to the use of the said lord, the King. And 
likewise to exact from all poisons, as well subjects of the said lord, the Kin^, as of 
others, negotiating, " Anglicc trading " in those parts beyond seas, as well those not 
belonging to the Society, as others, divers sums of money, at their pleasure, and to 
imprison all those who have refused or neglected to pay the said taxation ; and to have 
soleand only judgment of all and singular thingsand merchandise, brought or to bo 
brought from parts beyond se;is. aforesaid, within this Kingdom of England, and 
of their own authority, to prohibit all and singular persons who are not of their 
Society, aforesaid, from transporting out of this Kingdom of England, into the parts 

• ; * 

188-1.] The ? ©mo Warranto " o/ 1635. 215 

beyond seas, aforesaid, any merchandise or other things whatsoever, there purchas- 
ed, or to bring other merchandise or other things, whatsoever, from those parts 
beyond sens, into this Kingdom of England. Likewise, to tax and impose tines 
and amerciaments, at their pleasure, upon each person negotiating, ik Anglice trad- 
ing," with any merchandise, or other things whatsoever, in those parts beyond seas, 
and to imprison those persons at their pleasure, and likewise to impose whatever 
impositions it may please them, upon merchandise and other things, and also to 
have power and authority to use and exercise, as well in parts beyond seas, afore- 
said, as upon the high seas, military right, whensoever it may please them, and 
also, to examine, without oath, whatsoever persons it may please them, in any cause 
whatsoever, concerning the life and member [membram], and also to proceed to 
trial, sentence, judgment and execution, concerning the life and member [mem- 
bram] lands and tenements, goods and chattels, against the laws and customs of 
this Kingdom of England. Of all which and singular liberties, privileges and fran- 
chises, aforesaid, the said Henry Rosewel, John Young, Richard Saltonstall, John 
Humphreys, John Endicot, Simon Whetcomb, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Ma- 
thew Cradock, George Harwood, Increase Nowel. Richard Perry, Richard Belling- 
ham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel Vassal, Theophilua Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas 
Adams, John Browne, Samuel Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassal, Wil- 
liam Pinchyon, and George Foxeroft, freemen of the Society aforesaid, for the whole 
time aforesaid, have usurped and still usurp, to the grave injury and prejudice of 
the royal prerogative of our lord, the King, that now is, and, in contempt of the 
said lord, the King, that now is, of his Crown and dignity, &c. Whence, the said 
Attorney of the 6aid lord the King, seeks, for the said lord, the King, advisement 
of the Court, in the premises, and due process of law against the same Henry 
Rosewel, John Young, Richard Saltonstall, John Humphreys, John Endicot, Simon 
"Whetcomb, Samuel Aldersey, John Ven, Mathew Cradock, George Harwood, In- 
crease Nowel, Richard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nathaniel Wright, Samuel 
Vassal, Theophilus Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Thomas Adams, John Browne, Samuel 
Browne, Thomas Hutchins, William Vassal, William Pincheon, and George Fox- 
croft, free men, aforesaid, and other free men of the Society aforesaid, in this part, 
to be caused to reply to the said lord, the King, by what warrant they claim to have 
the liberties, privileges and franchises aforesaid, etc. 

In Michaelmas Term, A . 11 King Charles I. Roll clxxv. 

Entry of judgment, in default of reply, against Mathew Cradock, freeman of the 
Society of Alattachusets Bay, in New England, upon a Quo Warranto, they claim 
to have divers liberties, privileges and franchises, within the City of London, and 
its liberty, and in all places without the City of London aforesaid, with in this King- 
dom of England, and likewise in many parts beyond seas, without this Kingdom of 
England, whence it is in petition, that the aforesaid liberties, privileges and fran- 
chises, may be taken and seized into the hands of the said lord, the King, and that 
the aforesaid Matthew may not, in any way enter upon the liberties, privileges and 
franchises aforesaid, but be entirely excluded from all use and claim in them or any 
of them, and that the aforesaid Matthew may be held to satisfy the said lord, the 
King, for his usurpation of the liberties, privileges and franchises aforesaid. 

* Trinity Term xj Car oli primus. 

Quo Warranto ") A quo warranto was brought severally against 

ags 1 the Massachusets >■ the Govern*, Deputy Govern 1 " and every of the 

1635 ) assistants of the CorporacoQ of the Massachusets 

Bay in New England viz* S r Henry Rose well, S r 
Crowne Office ) John Young, Sir Richard Saltonstall, Jn° Humphreys, 
Rowle, 65 ) Jn° Endicott, Simon Whetcomb, Sam 1 Aldersey, Jn° Ven, 
Mathew Cradock, Geo Harwood, Increase Nowell, Rich- 
ard Perry, Richard Bellingham, Nath 1 Wright, Sam 1 Vassall, Theophilus 
Eaton, Thomas Goffe, Tho" Adams, Jn° Browne, Sam 1 Browne, Tho 8 
Hutchins, W ra Vassall, W in Pinchon, Geo ffoxcraft, and a day was appoint- 
ed for them to make their appearance and give their answer in Mich 8 Term 
next following at the King's Bench. 


The " Quo Warranto " of 1635. 


Mich ms Term — xj Caroli. 

John Ven .... 
Geo. Harwood .... 
Thomas Hutch ins 
Custos Brevi r Rich d Perry .... 

Nath 1 Wright 
Theopliilus Eaton 
Tho 3 Adams .... 
Tho s Goffe, Dept y Gov r 
Geo froxcroft .... 
Sam 1 Vassall .... 

Mathew Cradock, Govern 1 " 

(who disclaimed but disclaimer not 

























V disclaimed 



Hillary Terme xj. Caroli 
Sir Henry Rosewell . . Rowle 

Easter Terme xj. Caroli. 

John Humphreys 
John Endicott 
Simon wbetcomb 
Samuel aldcrsey 
Increase No well 
Rich d Belli ngham 
John Browne 
Samuel Browne 
"Win vassal 1 
W m Pinchon 

Hillary Terme xij Caroli 

iSir Rich d Saltonstall . . Rowle 61.) 

appeared and disclaimed ) 

46 disclaimed 

Not appearing were 


Sir Jn° Young 

Easter Terme xiij. Caroli 

Rowle 35. 
appeared and disclaimed 


"Whereupon Judgment was given for the King that the Libertyes and 
Franchises of the said Corporators should be seized into the King's hands 
and they the said Mathew Cradock his Body to be taken into Custody for 
usurping the said Liberty .... (Rowle, 68). 

The Axtiquaky's Motives. — The philosophical inquirer who observes in every quarter 
of our broad laud a considerable class of persons, of all grades of education and position, 
giving no small part of their lives to the rescue and preservation of the memorials of the 
past, cannot fail to ask what common bond of interest unites in similar pursuits those who 

are in all else so dissimilar The trrrrrrer is not doubtful. It is no mere fondness for 

things that are ancient; for the mo>t veritable piece of antiquity, without a story or asso- 
ciation, would be powerless to awaken their interest. But it is the desire, common to each 
of them, to secure from decay visible tokens of the men and times that have passed away, 
to keep alive their memory, and so to provide materials which will contribute to the com- 
pleteness of our country's archives.— lion. Charles II. Bell, LL.D. 

1884.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 217 


Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass, 

[Continued from page 45.] 

No. VI. 
Major Simon Willard and his Men. 

OF all the names that stand upon the pages of New England his- 
tory, none are more honored than that of Major Simon Willard. 
His biography has been written in the "Willard Memoir," and there- 
fore only a brief outline will be necessary here. He was born at Hors- . 
monden, County of Kent, England, baptized April 7, 1605. He was 
the son of Richard and his second wife Margery. Simon married in 
England Mary Sharpe, of Horsmonden, who bore him before leav- 
ing England (probably) three children, and six in New England. 
He married for a second wife Elizabeth Dunster, 84 who died six 
months after her marriage : and a third wife, Mary Dunster, who 
bore him eight children, between the years 1649 and 1669. Simon 
Willard arrived in Boston in May, 1634, and settled soon after at 
Cambridge. He was an enterprising merchant, and dealt exten- 
sively in furs with the various Indian tribes, and was the '* chiefe 
instrument in settling the towne " of Concord, whither he removed 
at its first settlement in 1635—6, and remained for many years a 
principal inhabitant of that town. On the organization of the town 
he was chosen to the office of clerk, which he held by annual elec- 
tion for nineteen years. It is said upon respectable authority 
that he had held the rank of captain before leaving England, and in 
Johnson's "Wonder Working Providences," he is referred to as 

S3 ' 

"Captain Simon Willard being a Kentish Soldier." In 1637 he 
was commissioned as the Lieutenant-Commandant of the first mili- 
tary company in Concord. At the first election, December, 1636, 
he was chosen the town's representative to the General Court, and 
was reelected and served constantly in that office till 1654, except 
three years. In that year he was reelected, but was called to other 
more pressing duties ; and afterwards to his death was Assistant of 
the Colony. In 1641 he was appointed superintendent of the com- 
pany formed in the colony for promoting trade in furs with the In- 
dians, and held thereafter many other positions of trust, either 
by the election of freemen or the appointment of the Court, too 
many to admit of separate mention here. In 1646 he was chosen 
Captain of the military company which, as Sergeant and Lieutenant, 

84 This is questioned by some authorities. It is fully discussed in the " Memoir," and seo 
also Rkgistiu!, vol. iv. p. 309; also Dr. Paige's " History of Cambridge," under Henry 




218 Soldiers in King Philips War, [April, 

he had commanded from its organization. For many years he was 
a celebrated surveyor, and in 1652 was appointed on the commis- 
sion sent to establish the northern bound of Massachusetts, at the 
head of Merrimac River, and the letters S W upon the famous 
Bound-Rock (discovered many years ago near Lake Winnepesau- 
kee) were doubtless his initials, cut at that time (Keg. i. p. 311). 
In 1653 he was chosen Serjeant-Major, the highest military officer 
of Middlesex County. 

In October, 1654, Major Willard was appointed commander-in- 
chief of the military expedition against Ninigret, Sachem of the Xy- 
anticks, for the details of which see the " Willard Memoir," page 
193 and onward. In the settlement of the town of Lancaster Ma- 
jor Willard had been of great service to the inhabitants, and their 
appreciation was shown when, in 1658, the selectmen wrote him an 
earnest invitation to come and settle amono; them, offerimz a ijener- 
ous share in their lands as inducement. This invitation he accepted, 
sold his large estate in Concord, and removed to Lancaster, proba- 
bly in 1659, and thence to a large farm he had acquired in Groton, 
about 1671, at a place called Xonacoicus. 

At the opening of 'Philip's War," Major Willard, as chief mili- 
tary officer of Middlesex County, was in a station of great respon- 
sibility, and was verv active in the organization of the colonial 
forces. His first actual participation in that war was in the defence 
of Brookfield, the particulars of which have been noted. We must 
admire this o-rand old man of seventv, mounting to the saddle at the 
call of the Court, and riding forth at the head of a frontier force for 
the protection of their towns. On August 4th he marched out from 
Lancaster with Capt. Parker and his company of forty-six men, " to 
look after some Indians to the westward of Lancaster and Groton ' : 
(Major Willard's home was in Groton at this time), and receiving 
the message of the distressed garrison at Brookfield promptly hasten- 
ed thither to their relief, which he accomplished, as we have seen 
in a former article. Upon the alarm of the disaster at Brookfield, 
a considerable force soon gathered there from various quarters. 
Two companies were sent up by the Council at Boston, under Cap- 
tains Thomas Lathrop of Beverly and Richard Beers of Watertown, 
and arrived at Brookfield on the 7th. Capt. Mosely, also, who 
was at Mendon with sixtv dragoons, marched with that force, and 
most of Capt. Henchman's company (just off the pursuit of Philip 
from Pocasset), and arrived at Brookfield probably about August 
12th (see ante, vol. xxxvii. page 177). From Springfield came a 
Connecticut company of forty dragoons under Capt. Thomas Watts, 
of Hartford, with twenty-seven dragoons and ten Springfield Indians 
under Lieut. Thomas Cooper, of Springfield. These forces for sev- 
eral weeks scouted the surrounding country under Major Willard ; 
the details of which service belong properly to the accounts of the 
several Captains. In addition to these were forty " River Indians ' 




Soldiers in King Philip's War, 


from the vicinity of Hartford, and thirty of Uncas's Indians under 
his son Joshua, who scouted with the other forces. The Xipmucks 
could not be found, and it was afterward learned from the Indian 
guide, George Memecho, captured by the Xipmucks in Wheeler's 
fight, that on their retreat from Brookfield on August 5th, Philip, 
with about forty warriors and many more women and children, had 
met them in a swamp six miles beyond the battle ground, and by 
presents to their; Sachems and otherwise, had engaged them further 
in his interest ; and all probably hastened away towards Xorthrield 
and joined the Pocomptucks, and thence began to threaten the plan- 
tations on the Connecticut River. After several days diligent 
searching, on August 16th, Captain Lathrop's and Beers's compa- 
nies, the latter reinforced by twenty-six men from Capt. Mosely, 
together with most of the Connecticut, Springfield and Indian forces, 
marched towards Hadley and the neighboring towns, while Mosely 
went towards Lancaster and Chelmsford. Major Willard remained 
for several weeks at the garrison. Mr. Hubbard and Capt. Wheel- 
er make this statement, and further relate that he soon after went 
up to Hadley on the service of the country. I think the visit to 
Hadley was after August 24th, as on that date I find a letter from 
Secretary Rawson to him, enclosing one to Major Pynchon, and ad- 
vising him to ride up to Springfield and visit Major Pynchon * for 
the encouragement of him and his people." The writer of the r Wil- 
lard Memoir ' : states that he was in command of the forces about 
Hadley for some time in the absence of Major Pynchon, but I have 
been unable to find any confirmation of this, unless it may be the 
inference drawn from Hubbard, who states that when Major Willard 
" returned back to his own place to order the affairs of his own regi- 
ment, much needing his Presence," he left * the Forces about Had- 
ley under the Command of the Major of that Regiment." The let- 
ter above contained directions about the disposal of his forces, &c, 
which would naturally take several weeks to accomplish, and al- 
though the precise date of Major Willard's return from Brookfield 
is not given, some inference may be drawn from circumstances noted 
further on. Following is the list of those credited with service 
under Major Willard, from August 23d to January 25th, 1675 : 

August 23 d , 1G75 

Richard Keatrs. 01 02 00 

Sept 17. 

Thomas Hincher. 04 00 00 

Sept 21'* 

Jonathan Prescott. 00 14 00 

John Divall. 00 11 00 

Sept 28 th 

James Parker, Capt. 01 02 00 

James Knap, SergK 03 00 00 

James Fisk. 00 1G 09 

Matthias Farnsworth 00 12 06 

John Tarball. 
Lot Johnson. 
Onesiphorus Stanley. 
Josiah Parker. 
Samuel Davis. 
James Nutting. 

October 5 th 
Paul Fletcher. 
Edward Foster. 
John Barrett. 
Gershom Procter 
Ephraim Ilildred. 

02 03 00 
02 04 06 
02 04 0G 
00 11 00 
00 11 00 
00 11 00 

02 10 00 
02 10 00 
02 10 00 
02 10 00 
02 07 00 


Soldiers in King Philip's War. 


Jonathan Chrisp. 
John Heale. 
John Ilawes. 
James Smedlv. 
Thomas Tally. 
Josiah Wheeler. 

October 19 th 1 
Thomas Rogers. 
John Sbead. 
Benjamin Simons. 
Simon Willard, Major. 
Humphrey Jones alias 

Josiah White. 
Daniel Gaines. 
Ephraim Sawyer. 
Daniel Adams. 
Thomas Beamon. 
Simon Willard. 85 
Samuel Cleavelaud 
John Bateman. 
John Jefts. 






























































Anthony Hancock. 01 01 06 

Nov. 20 th . 
John Brookes. 
Simon Willard, Major. 
John Bateman. 
Paul Fletcher. 
John Coddington. 
John Gleason. 
Daniel Lincolne. 
William Wade. 
William Kerby. 
Consider Atherton. 

Nov. 30 th 
John Brookes. 
Edward Wright. 
Abraham Cousens. 

Dec. 20 
John Severy. 

January 25. 1675-6 
Philip Read, Doctor. 09 

John Smith. 02 








































00 10 02 

07 04 
06 04 

The foregoing list of credits I presume to embrace the company 
of Capt. Parker, who marched with Major Willard to the relief of 
Brookfiekl on August 4th. I judge that Capt. Parker, with some 
sixteen or more of these men, returned to Groton before August 
16th, as on that date Capt. Mosely had sent twelve men to Groton 
to help secure the town ; and Capt. Parker writes the Council on 
August 25th about their affairs, asking for arms and ammuni- 
tion, as they are expecting an attack upon the town. Those that 
went back with him were very likely Groton men, and it is proba- 
ble are represented by the smaller credits. Capt. Parker acknow- 
ledges the receipt of twenty men from Capt. Mosely and Major 
Willard, and these were, doubtless, in addition to the number of 
his own men that returned with him. The rest of his company re- 
mained with Major Willard, as may be shown by their larger 

From a paper which was presented to the Court after Major Wil- 
lard's death, in statement of his unpaid services and expenses for 
the government, it appears that 

"From the 20 th of September (1675) till the 18 th of April (1676), the 
Major was employed about the country business, Settling of Garrisons in 
towns, and settling of Indians at Concord and Chelmsford, and other busi- 
ness," &c. 

The paper is given in full in the " Willard Memoir," and shows 
that this was a time of constant anxiety and activity in those towns, 

85 The Major's son. His horse was killed at Brookfield, for which the Court allowed £3 
in October, 1676. 

1884.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 221 

and that the Major's house at Nonacoicus (in the town of Groton, 
now within the town of Ayer) was a place of frequent rendezvous 
for the troops passing hither and thither, and of entertainment to 
those who came to the Major on the country's business. 

On September 8th the Council issued an order to Cornet Tho- 
mas Brattle and Lieut. Thomas Henchman to inarch to Chelmsford 
with fifty men, collected, thirty from Norfolk and twenty from Mid- 
dlesex Counties, and distribute them in the garrisons in the frontier 
towns of Groton, Lancaster and Dunstable. This order was proba- 
bly in answer to Capt. Parker's appeal of August 25th. The men 
were to be left under the command of the chief officers in each town ; 
and as Mnjor Willard is not referred to at all, it would seem proba- 
ble that he had not yet returned from Brookfield, but sometime be- 
fore September 20th he was at home ; and when Capt. Henchman 
was sent, about that date, to organize an expedition to Pennacook 
with orders to withdraw eighty men from the several garrisons be- 
fore mentioned, he was instructed to meet Major Willard at his 
home, and consult with him and the chief officers of the several 
garrisons as to the expedition. This meeting took place on Septem- 
ber 25th, and on the same day Major Willard, together with officers 
Adams, Parker and Kidder, addressed a remonstrance to the Coun- 
cil against the withdrawal of so many of their soldiers. Capt. 
Henchman reports the same meeting in his letter of Sept. 27th. 
The Council, fur various reasons, concurred with the Major, and 
the expedition was abandoned. 

For the succeeding months Major Willard was busily engaged in 
ordering the defences of the Middlesex frontier towns and settling 
the various bodies of friendly Indians. Garrisons were maintained 
at Lancaster, Chelmsford, Groton and Dunstable, and the entire 
available force of the county was kept in a r posture of war." Dur- 
ing the time that the army of the colony was absent at Narraganset, 
there is evidence from frequent letters, petitions, &c., from these 
frontier towns, that the people felt comparatively secure ; but when 
Philip, after the Narraganset fight, fleeing with his surviving war- 
riors, came again into the vicinity, their fears were again aroused, 
especially when, about February o'th, the army abandoned the pur- 
suit, leaving the Indians in the woods about Brookfield, and return- 
ing to Boston were disbanded. The Council, not insensible to 
the danger which thus threatened these towns, immediately issued 
orders to Major Willard to raise a large force of dragoons to scout 
in front of the towns of Groton, Lancaster, <£c, to Marlborough. 
This plan met with immediate remonstrance from the towns, and 
appeals were at once made to the Council against the measure, as it 
withdrew many from the garrisons to a great distance for days to- 
gether, leaving them exposed to sudden incursions from the prowl- 
ing and watchful enemy. 

At this time Major Willard was so busy ordering the defences of 
vol. xxxvm. 20* 


< . 


222 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

the towns that he was unable to take his seat in the Council, and 
sent them a letter of explanation. This letter is not found in the 
archives, but the answer of the Council is as follows, giving some 
idea of the contents. 

" Sir. The Council received your letter and are sorry for your excuse for 
not coming to the Couucil by reason of the state of Lancaster, which we 
desire you to endeavour to the utmost of your power to relieve and succour. 
We are useing our best endeavours to prepare more forces to send to dis- 
tress the enemy. You shall hear more from us speedily, and in the inte- 
rim we desire you to be in readiness if you should have a full command 
over the forces to be sent forth from the Colony. 86 E R Secy 

11 Feb. 1675." 

Tbe Council's letter was written the day after the attack upon 
Lancaster, of which evidently they had not heard. Major Willard 
was probably at this time at Groton or Chelmsford, where an at- 
tack was daily expected, doing all in his power with the small force 
at his command to protect these towns from surprisal. After the 
attack upon Lancaster, a large party of the Indians swept down to- 
wards Plymouth Colony, taking Medfield on the way, February 
21st, and for the time distracting attention from the main body, 
which, as soon became evident, were still in the vicinity of ; Wa- 
chusett Hills." On February 19th Major Willard and Capt. Par- 
ker, in behalf of the people of Groton, send an earnest appeal to 
the Council for help and advice. On the 21st the Major was pre- 
sent at the sitting of the Court at Boston, and remained during the 
session. He was at Cambridge on March 4th, and certainly did not 
return to Groton till after March 7th, as on that day he was at the 
Court of Assistants. It was probably by his endeavors that a levy w r as 
ordered to be made on Norfolk and Essex counties (forty-eight from 
Essex and forty from Norfolk). These forces were hastily collected, 
and under the stress of the news of the attack upon Groton were 
placed under the command of Capt. Joseph Cook, of Cambridge, 
and ordered to report to Major Willard at Groton at once. This 
action was taken by Major Gookin and Thomas Danforth, two mem- 
bers of the Council living at Cambridge, and was approved by the 
Council at their next meeting, March lGth. 

On March 9th the Indians again appeared at Groton, doing some 
mischief, and again on the 13th in full force, and destroyed all the 
houses in town except the garrison houses, and one even of these, 
from which, however, the people had escaped. I think that Major 
Willard marched up from Watertown with Capt. Cook's force on 

66 The last clause in the letter may show in what high esteem Major Willard was held by 
the Council, both as a military leader and also for his wide influence among the people. 
We cannot tell whether he declined the command when the expedition grew to larger pro- 
portions and involved his withdrawal from the towns near his home, but it is safe to infer 
that personal considerations cither way did not signify with him when the Council demand- 
ed his service. The expedition was not ready until February 21st, and then, as has been 
related, Major Savage was appointed to command, and Major Willard was present at the 
Council at that time. 




1884.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 223 

the 12th or 13th, and arrived at Groton on the 14th, 87 as the In- 
dians retired on that day, apparently aware of the approaching force. 
The people got safely within their garrisons before the attack, and 
but one man, probably, John Nutting, was killed. The town was 
abandoned within a few days, and the inhabitants removed to the 
towns nearer the coast. Major Willard, with his family, removed 
to Charlestown. It is likelv that he had removed his family some- 
time before the destruction of his house on the 13th, as that stood 
in an exposed position, and his son Samuel Willard, the minister 
of Groton, had another of the garrisoned houses. 

The Indians were greatly elated at their success at Groton, and 
threatened to attack and destroy all the towns, including even Boston, 
and Major TVillard's orders were, after relieving Groton, to scout 
back and forth to protect the neighboring towns, especially Chelms- 
ford and Marlborough. The business of the removal of the people 
of Groton was committed to Capt. Joseph Sill, of Cambridge, who 
went up with troops and some sixty carts for that purpose. This 
design was successfully carried out, although the force guarding the 
long line of carts was so small, and an ambush was laid and an at- 
tack made upon the advance from a very advantageous position. 
Two of the f vaunt Carriers ' were mortally wounded, but the 
English were promptly drawn up for battle, and after a few shots 
the enemy retired before their well-aimed volleys. In the mean 
time Major Willard, and his Essex and Norfolk men, were not idle, 
as will be seen by the following account, prepared by him, of his 
movements from March 21st to the 29th. Mass. Archives, Vol. 
68, p. 186. 

A short narative of what I have atended unto by the Councill of late, 
since I went to relieve Groatton. The 21:1: 75-76, I went to Concord, and 
divided the troope committed unto me from Essex & Norfolke into three pts 
one to garde the carte, pressed from Sudbury, one pt for y e carte pressed 
from concord, both to Lancaster, one pt for y e carte that went from 
Charlestowne & Wattertowne that went volin tiers or wear hiered when 
I had sent them to their severall places I came downe being the 22: 

87 This theory seems to reconcile, somewhat, conflicting accounts, and is supported by 
the following evidence. Mr. Hubbard says — " March 2 They assaulted Grotcn : the next 
day over night Major Willard with seventy Horse came into the Town; forty Foot al>o 
came up to their relief from Watertewn, hut the Indians were all fled." We know that 
this cannot be true in the matter of the date, but it i> fair to infer that the arrival of Major 
Willard with the troops was inadvertently transferred from the 13th to the 2d, as he im- 
mediately proceeds to relate the events which we know took place on the 13ch. Again, 
there is much evidence to show that Major Willard was not present at either attack on the 
. town. The Court's letter to Willard on Mar. IGth (t'ie same day on which the order to Capt. 
Cook was approved) was directed to Groton, and indicates that he had arrived there with 
the soldiers, and the Court was aware of it, judging from the clause, " if you have issued 
that business at Groatcn at least done what vou can," &c. Tins letter is not in the Ar- 
chives, but was preserved by Mr. William Gibbs, a descendant of Major Willard. It is 
published in full in the " Willaid Memoir." The explanation of Mr. Butler, in his " His- 
tory of Groton," that Mr. Hubbard's "overnight" is a misprint for "fortnight," seems 
untenable in the light of the above evidence, taken together with the fact that " next day 
over night" is an expression of frequent recurrence in Mr. Hubbard's history, and " next 
day fortnight " is seldom if ever used by him, and moreover would be a jump in the 
matter of time that not only seems out of place, but passes over the attack of the 9th, ot 
which he was well aware. 


Soldiers in King Philip* s War, 


1: 75-6: & went to concord the 25: 1: 75, when I came there & inquired 
how it was with Lancaster the answer was they weare in distresse, I p r sently 
sent 40 horse thither to fetch a wave corne, and I went that night to 
Chellmsfoord to se how it was with them, they coraplayned, Billerikye 
"Bridge, stood in great need of beinge fortified, I ordered that to be don, 
allso they told me, that the Indians made two great rafte of board & rayles, 
that they had gott, that laye at the other syd of the river, I ordered 20 soul- 
diers to go over & take them, & towe them downe the River, or p T serve 
them as they se cause, the 27 of this instant I went from Chellmsfoord to 
concord agayne when I came there, the troopers that I sent to Lancaster 
last had brought away all the people there, but had left about 80 bushells 
of wheat & Indian corne, yesterday I sent: 40: horses or more to fetch it 
away, & came down from concord, this day I expect they will be at con- 
cord, Some of the troope I relesed when this last worke was don, the other 
I left order to scout abroad untill thev heare from me agayne, I thought it 
not meet to relese men, when we stand in need of men, mv desire is to 
know what I shall do herin in, concord & chelmsford look everv dav to 
be fired, and wold have more men but know not how to keepe them, nor 
paye them, your humble servant. Sijion Willard 29: 1:76. 

The troops that went up from Norfolk and Essex were credited 
under their special officers, and will there appear. The following 
are those who receive credit under Major Willard, and are those 
probably who were employed in scouting with him in the early part 
of the winter. 

Credited under Major TVillard. 

February 29 th 
Thomas Wheeler 

June 24 th 
Edward Young. 

July 24 th 
John Bush. 
Isaac Fellows. 
Samuel Ingolls. 
Samuel Bishop. 

August 24 th 
"William Green. 
Phinias Sprague. 
John Green. 

John Dexter. 
02 16 08 Samuel Green. 

Joseph Wilson. 
01 04 00 John Lind. 

Thomas Newell. 
01 04 00 John Sprague. 
01 05 06 Thomas Munge. 
01 10 10 Peter Towne. 
01 10 10 Thomas Wheeler, jr. 

William Prince jr. 
00 08 06 September 23 c 

00 07 00 Francis Whitman. 
00 07 00 Daniel Gowen. 

00 07 00 
00 07 00 
00 07 00 
00 07 00 
00 07 00 
00 07 00 
00 07 00 

00 07 00 
04 00 00 

01 07 04 

00 10 00 

01 17 04 

On March 29th Major Willard was in his seat at the Court of 
Assistants, and his family was then living at Charlestown. lie was 
also at the session of the Countv Court at Cambridge at its session 
beginning April 4th. On the 11th he was reelected as Assistant, 
having the highest number of votes cast for any magistrate except 
the governor and deputy governor. lie was constantly engaged in 
his public duties until April 18th, when he retired to his home and was 
struck down it is thought by an f ' epidemical cold " which was then rag- 
ing, and on April 24th " died in his bed in peace, though God had hon- 
oured him with several signal victories over our enemies in war," 
says a contemporary historian. No man was ever more fully or 


1884.] Records of Winchester, JSF. II. 225 


more deservedly honored in life and death than Mojor Willard. 88 
His funeral at Charlestown on April 27th was an occasion of great 
pomp for that time, six military companies parading under command 
of Capt. Henchman, and his death created profound sorrow far and 
wide. There are numerous references to his death and funeral in 
the literature, records and MS. journals of that day. His family 
was reimbursed for his great expense and service, in 1677, and 
asfain in 1681 a grant of land of one thousand acres was set aside 
for his six youngest children when they should come of age. 

He left a numerous posterity, many of whom have held honorable 
positions in succeeding generations. His widow married Deacon 
Joseph Noyes of Sudbury, July 14, 1680, and died in that town, 
December, 1715. 

partial copy of records of the town of win- 

chestp;r, n. h. 

Communicated by John L. Alexander, M.D., of Belmont, Mass. 

[Continued from page 33.] 

Marriages — Continued. 

1812 Jonas Ilolden m. Eunice Twitchell 
William Hutchins m. Lydia Willis 
Roswell Hutchins m. Polly Linkfield 
Walter Follett m. Lucinda Hawkins 
Abel Dickinson m. Julieth Butler 

1813 Daniel Collar m. Susannah Foster 
Joseph Kendrick m. Permelia Smith 
Bartholomew Kendrick m. Fanny Lyman 
Lyndon Ripley m. Eusebia Humphrey 
Benjamin Pierce m. Sally Erskine 
Caleb Curtis m. Lucy Saben 

Nathan Awood m. Rhoda Manning 

1814 Lyman Felton m. Sally Scott 
Edmond Richmond m. Electa Smith 
Newell Allen m. Betsy Coon 
Phineas Lyman m. Sally Morse 

1815 Otis Capron m. Phila Page 
Levi Fay m. Lucretia Scott 
James Perkins m. Abigail French 
David Hammond m. Abigail Smith 
Robert Pratt m. Finis Rixford 

88 I consider the remarkable story of his being cashiered and censured by the Court for 
marching to tbe relief of Brook field " beside his orders," as almost too absurd for contra- 
diction here. It rests entirely upon the authority of Rev. Nathan Fiske, in a note to his 
Centennial Sermon in 177-), and no one else has ever been able to find a shadow of evidence, 
either in tradition or record, affording even a clue to the origin of the story of Mr. Fitke. 
Major Willard was chief commander in Middlesex County, and conducted military opera- 
tions in the county at his discretion, and the records are very full of the Court's unqualified 
approval of his management from first to last. 

226 Records of Winchester, JV. H. [April, 

Hollis Narraraore m. Rachel Pomeroy 
Ahira Dickinson m. Azuba Bond 
Lynds Wheelock ni. Sally F. Conant 
Hosea Pickett m. Seraph Whipple 
Joseph Flint m. Grata Foster 
Daniel Tuttle in. Harriet Cook 
Jedediah Hutchins m. Betsey Wise 

1816 Elisha Dickinson m. Azuba Hammond 
Nathan Ea^er m. Rhoda Hammond 
Henry Wright m. Hannah White 
Stephen Randall m. Cena Smith 
John H. Fuller m. Permelia Conant 
Warren Mavnard m. Nancy Holden 
John Smith, 2d, m. Sally Allen 

1817 Roswell Scott m. Zuba Erskine 
John Harrington m. Abajrail P. Evens 
Daniel Clark m. Julia P. Dickinson 
Joseph Emerson m. Maria Ripley 

1818 Asa Thayer m. Delia Pratt 
Leonard Wise m. Deborah Smith 
Benjamin Sinkfield m. Lois Witt 
Alba Lyman m. Sally Codding 
Turner White m. Betsey Miles 
Charles Taylor m. Susanna Butler 
Luther Lyman m. Sally Woolley , 
Benedick Saben m. Hannah Twitchell 
Phineas Bond m. Abigail Hammond 
Edward Stimson m. Sarah Foster 
Samuel Smith m. Betsev Codding 
Stephen O. Hawkins m. Cynthia Miles 
Simeon Bolles m. Sally Hutchins 

1819 Barnabas C. Peters m. Rebecca Willard 
Henry Loveland m. Sally Field 
Truman Watkins m. Almira Alexander 
Horatio Smith m. Lovina Putnam 
Asa Twitchell m. Sarah Stowell 
William Howard m. Rebecca Fairbanks 
Samuel Ripley m. Emily Alexander 
Calvin Lyman m. Sophronia White * 
Pliny Jewell m. Emily Alexander 
Thomas Wheelock m. Sally Flint 
F^zra Willis m. 1*011}' Hunt 

1820 Asa Gilbert m. Frinda Howard 
Leonard Smith m. Sully Lyman 

1821 Levi O. Preston m. Mary Smith 
Ella Lyman m. Clarissa Cook 

1822 Jonathan Davis m. Betsev Bullard 
Osmer Willis m. Chloe Cook 
Lewis Bolles m. Anna Flint 
William Smith m. Atty Lyman 

1884.] JVotes and Queries. 227 


Children of Nathaniel & Margarett Rockwood. 
Nathaniel born Nov. 16 th 1728. Amos b. Aug 9 th 1730. Ebenezer b. 
April 5 th 1732. Asa b. Feb. 5 th 1734 Rhoda b. June 8 th 1736. Reu- 
ben b. Sept. 5 th 1737. Margarett b. July 13 th 1739. Rhoda b. Aug 19 th 
1740. Elizabeth b. Oct 22 1742. Asa "b. Apr 8 th 1745. Mary b. Sept. 
30 th 1747. William born Oct 20 th 1749. 

Children of John & Hannah Ellis. 
Ellen b. Mar 4 th 1728. Elizabeth b. April 5 th 1730. Thankful b. Mar 
30 tk 1732. Dorcas b. June 14 1735. John b. Aug 30 th 1737. John b. 
May 1739. 

Children of Jacob & Ann Davis. 
Aun b. Jan 22 d 1734. Jacob b. Mar 1 st 1735. Ann b. Nov. 10 th 1736. 
Silas b. Feb 4 th 1739. Ann b. Dec 17 th 1740. 

Children of Benjamin & Mehitabel Melvin. 
Mehitabel b. Nov 7, 1736. Sarah b. July 8 th 1739. Benjamin b. May 
30 th 1741. Moses b. Sept. 26 th 1745. 

Chil of James & Experience Porter. 
Nathan b. Sept. 8 th 1736. 

Chil of William & Ann Orvis. 
• Mary b. Nov 12 th 1735. Samuel b. Mar 10 1738. William May 8 th 
1740. Rachel b. mar 15 th 1742. Rachel b. Dec. 20 th 1743. 

Chil of Josiah & Hannah Willard. 
Josiah b. in Sudbury Mass. Sept. 22 d 1734. Josiah b. Feb. 26 th 1736 
-7. Hannah b. Feb 4 th 1738-9. Sampson b. Dec 10 th 1740. Abagail 
b. Jany 12 th 1743. Eunice b. Mar 19 th 1745. Solomon b. 27 th 1747. 
Prentice b. Jauy 27 th 1750. Jonathan b. Dec 27 th 1751. Hannah b. Oct. 
24 th 1754. Susannah b. June 2 d 1757. 

[To be continued.] 



Old Bells. — The first bell in New Haven Colony is that mentioned by Rev. Dr. 
Bacon in his " Historical Discourses." In April, 1681, " there being a bell brought 
in a Vessel into the harbor, it was spoken of, and generally it was desired that it 
might be procured for the town; and for the present it was desired that Mr. Tho- 
mas Trowbridge would if he can, prevail with Mr. Hodge the owner of it, to leave 
it with him until the town hath had some further consideration about it." 

In August the owner of the bell had sent to have it brought to the Day in Joseph 
Alsop's vessel, '* and it having lain so long it would not be handsome for the town 
to put it oil'." Thereupon, " after a free and large debate," it was voted that the 
bell be purchased. The price was £17. In April, 1G62, the town was informed 
that the bell was now " hanged in the Turret " of the meeting-house, and in No- 
vember the townsmen " had agreed with George Pardee for his son Joseph to ring 
the bell for the towns occasions on the Sabbaths and other meetings as it was wont 
to be by the Drum and also to ring the bell at nine o'clock every night." In 1G86 
the bell was sent to England to be new cast and made bigger for the town's use, 
Mr. Simon Eyre offering to carry it out and back freight free. 

The bell was brought back and finally sold by the town for the State House, and 
when the State House was torn down the bell was stored in the basement of the new 
State House about 18-29. After a while some boys got it out, and ringing it broke 


228 Notes and Queries. [April, 

it, and probably, as it was of some value as old metal, it may have been recast into 

another bell, and may now be doing use somewhere. T . 

New Haven. 

Genealogical Queries. 

Can any of oar genealogists fill the blanks or give dates in the following? The 
figures in brackets are approximate dates only. 

Susanna Adams of Medway, m. Alexander (1730). Hannah Adams of 

Mw. m. Richardson (1725). Jeremiah Adams of M\v. m. Elizabeth ■ 

(1730). Sarah Adams of Medfield, m. Harding ( 1750). Joseph Adams of 

Mf. m. Mary (1702). Aaron Allen of Mf. or Dedh. m. Hannah 

(1737). Enoch Allen of Mf. m. Jane (1776). Preserved Baker m. Eliza- 
beth (1775). Rachel Baker, m. Wood of Uxbr. (1797). John Balch 

of Beverly m. Phebe (1790). George Barber of Mf. m. Ann (1706). 

John Barber of Mf. m. Hannah (1735). Joseph Billiard of Mf. m. Sarah 

(1661). Ebenezer Bullard of Mf. m. Susanna (1715). Bethia Bul- 

len of Mf. m. Colburn (1684). Isaac Chenery of Mf. m. Rachel 

(1708). Hannah Cheney m. — : Taft (1730). Jeremiah Clark of Mf. m. Pa- 
tience (1711). Moses Clark of Mf. m. Elizabeth (1735). Samuel 

Ellis of Mf. m. Abigail (1726). Abigail Ellis of Mf. m. Jonathan 

of Dedh. (1730). George Fairbanks of Mf. m. Susanna (1680). James 

Gerauld or Jerald m. (1733.) Abraham Harding m. Elizabeth 

(1648). Abraham Harding of Mf. m. Sarah (1695). Mary Hinsdale of Mf. 

m. Hide (1750). Mary Johnson of Chelmsf. m. Arnold (1702). 

Elizabeth Lovell of Mf. m. Hartshorn (1718). Deborah Partridge of Mf. m. 

Keith of Uxb. (1718). Hannah Partridge of Mf. m. Fisher (1720). 

Mehitable Partridge m. Grant (1730). John Pratt of Reading m. Sarah 

(1055). Dr. Timothy Sheppard m. Mary (1785). John Thurston 

m. Hannah — (1712). John Turner of Roxb. m. Deborah (1616). 

Abiel Wight of Mf. m. Randall (1696). Joseph Wight of Mf. m. Mercy 

(1700). John Wilson of Mf. m. Sarah (1685). 

In many of the early marriages residence is not given. If any of the above are 
discovered, please communicate the intelligence to W. S.lilden, Medfield, Mass., 
editor of town history. 

Deerfield Queries and Items. — "Wanted, the parentage of Joseph "Wright, who 
moved from Hadley to Deerfield, where he died September 21, 1793. aged 72. He 
married Jane [by her gravestone "Jain"] Cook of Hadley in 1719, when, says 
Judd, he was of Ware. 

Also the parentage of Godfrey Nims. He is first heard of as a lad at Northamp- 
ton, 1667. fie died at Deerfield. 1705. 

Alsoof William Arms, a soldier under Turner at the Falls fight, 1676. He also 
died at Deerfield, 1731, aged 71. 

The ashes of William Arms. Matthew Clisson, Robert Hinsdale [Hinsdell, Hinds- 
dale], Philip Mattoon [Matun], Godfrey Nims and William Smead, rest in the soil 
of .Deerfield. So far as I am able to learn they are the first male American ances- 
tors of all the early generations bearing those names. Modern immigration may 
have brought in others. Geo. Sheldon. 

Deerfield, Mass. 

Quaker and Universalist Preacher. — Rev. Dr. Eliot, in a series of papers on the 
Ecclesiastical History of Massachusetts, published in early volumes of Collections of 
the Mass. Hist. Soc., mentions a " man who had been a Quaker preacher," but be- 
came a Universalist, and preached in Berkshire Co. in 1794. Who was he? 

R. Eddy. 

Wihtmore. — A manuscript in the possession of the family of my mother (whoso 
maiden name was Whitmore) states that Thomas Whitmore settled in Middletown, 
Conn., in or about the year 1610, and that Francis Whitmore, his brother, came 
over sonic seven years Inter and settled in Cambridge, Mass. Are the descendants 
of the latter .still living in Boston, and can any information be given as to the Eng- 
lish ancestry of the brothers? S. W. Crittenden. 

Utica, N. Y. 

1884.] Notes and Queries. 229 

Bacon. — Can any reader of the Register give information as to the English an- 
cestry of Nathaniel Bacon, who came to this country 1640, or thereabouts, settled in 
Barnstable, Mass., married Hannah Mayo, daughter of Rev. John Mayo of B., was 
Assistant of Plymouth Colony, and died at B., 16 — , leaving a large estate for those 
days. He had four sons and four daughters ; one of the former (John, from whom 
I am descended) emigrated to. Canterbury, Conn., in 16 — . 

In the Register tor April, 1883, a deposition of one John Ward of Brandford 
(taken at New Haven, Oct. 17th, 1601) is given to the effect that Nathaniel Bacon 
was the son of William Bacon of Ciipsam (or Stretton) in the county of Rutland, 
England. A passage in " Historical Sketches of Middletown,'* quoted in the Wet- 
more (or Whitmore) genealogy, p. 31, would seem to apply this deposition to Na- 
thaniel Bacon of Middletown, who cannot be the same person. 

An old man, a descendant of Nathaniel Bacon of Barnstable, living in Canterbu- 
ry in 1812, averred that the family came from Ipswich (Eng.), "• at the first," as 
he expressed it, which would seem to point to a connection with the Ipswich branch 
of the Bacons of Hessett and Drinkstone in Suffolk. Can this be traced? 

btica, N. Y. Wm. J. Bacon. 

Loring. — Can any one tell who-e son was Thaddeus G. Loring, who was a scholar 
at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., from 1828 to 1830, or give an account of him? 
Wanted for the Centennial Catalogue of that academy, and inform the Editor, 18 
Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., or Dr. George B. Loring, Washington, D. C. 

Whose daughter was Priscilla Bailey, who married (1736) Nathaniel Loring, 
Pembroke, Mass. (his residence). Bailey is a christian name in most every Loring 
family of this branch since, but they cannot tell who her parents were. 

C. J. F. BlNNET. 

Autograph of John Washington. — The late Col. Chester, a few years before his 
death, arrived at a probable solution of the mystery concerning the English ances- 
try of President "Washington, and only needed an autograph of John Washington, 
the emigrant ancestor of the president, to decide whether his conjecture was true or 
not. lie wrote to his friend Robert A. Brock, Esq., of Richmond, Va., to obtain a 
tracing; but no autograph could be found by him. Mr. Brock wrote to the clerk 
of the Westmoreland county, who informed him that he was of opinion that the 
original of the will of John Washington had recently been on file in that office, but 
it disappeared during the late war. Bishop Meade in his Old Churches and Fami- 
lies of Virginia, published in 1855, vol. ii. page 167, says that the wills of John 
"Washington and his brother Lawrence, made respectively on Feb. 26, 1675, and on 
Sept. 27, 1675, and proven relatively on the 10th and 6th of January, 1677, were 
then of record in an old book of wills in Westmoreland Court House, and he sives 
the opening clause of the first. This record book cannot now be found. 

Information is desired of the above will of John Washington, or of any docu- 
ment bearing his autograph ; also of the record book referred to by Bishop Meade. 
— Editor. 

Leverett. — Information wanted as to the date of birth and parentage of Wil- 
liam Leverett who died in Needhara, 1791, aged 64. His wife was Rachel Watts, 
and his children were born in Boston, Cambridge and Needham. His sister mar- 
ried a Richardson, and of his daughters Rachel married Josiah Dana, Polly, Joshua 
Cook, Betsey, Elisha Robbing* Catharine, James Walker, Sarah, Oliver Pratt, Lucy, 
Joseph White, Rebecca, William Robinson; and his sons married into the families 
of Fuller and Stevens. By tradition William Leverett was descended from Gov. 
Leverett, but if so this line is omitted in the Leverett Memorial. 

Carlisle, Pa. W. C. Leverett. 

Silver. — Information wanted concerning a certain u John Silver," about whom 
tradition says that he came to New Jersey or New ifork from England about the 
latter part of the seventeenth century. The undersigned will be very thankful for 
any information concerning any one of the name of Silver, Silvers or Silbcr. 

55 Saratoga St., Baltimore, Md. John Silver Hughes. 


230 Notes and Queries. April, 

Virginia Queries. — I am very anxious for any additional facts regarding any of 
the following persons. Also for any needed corrections in the following, viz. : 

From the Virginia Charter, April 10th, 1606. 

Thomas Hanham. — " Mr Serjeant Thomas Hanham married Penelope daughter of 
Sir John Pop bam. Lord Chief Justice of England." tie came to N. £. with Pring 
in 1606, and on the faith of their reports the Popham Colony was sent out the next 
year, lie was probably a Knight Templar. 

Ralegh Gilbert— son of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, married a Miss Kelly and left 
issue. He was also one of the first members of the 1st Council for N. £., Nov. 3d, 

William Parker. — " Capt William Parker of Plimmouth " sailed from that city 
in the beginning of November, 1601, in command of several vessels for the West 
Indies. He took St. Vincent and Puerto Bello in February, 1601-2; and at the 
latter place captured Pedro Melendes, the chief governor of that town, '* using him 
and his farre otherwise " than Pedro Melendes, his great uncle, used John Ribault, 
Laudonniere and the French Huguenots in Florida. He returned safely to Plymouth, 
May 6th, 1602. Sept. 24th, 1613, "Capt. Parker of Plymouth," "old and cor- 
pulent," Vice-Admiral of the East Indian Fleet, under Sir Thomas Dale, died at 
sea on the voyage to the East Indies. 

George Popham. — " A kinsman of Sir John Popham, Chief-Justice." Died in 
N. E. Feb. 5, 1693. A notice is in Drake's Dictionary of American Biography, and 
in the Memorial Volume of the Popham Celebration, Portland, IS63. 

From the King's Council of Virginia, Nov. 20th, 1606. 

Thomas Warr, Esq. — ["Roger YVarre Esq of Hester combe married Eleanor, 
daughter of Chief-Justice Popham."] 

" Thomas James of the Citty of Bristol, merchant." 

" James Bagge of Plymouth, in the County of Devonshire, merchant." — After- 
wards " Sir James Bagge of Saltheme in the County of Devon, Knight," and a Coun- 
cillor of the New England Company (1632). 

From the King's Council of Virginia, March 9th, 1606-7. 

Sir Anthony Palmer. — A Knight of the Bath and a member of the East India 

Sir John Mallet. — Of Enmore. married Mary, daughter of Chief-Justice Popham. 

Sir Bartholomew Mitchell. — [Chief-Justice Popham's sister Elizabeth married 
Richard Mitchell of Cannington.] 

Edward Rogers, Esq. — " Edward Rogers Esq. of Cannington, in Somersetshire 
married Katherine, daughter of Chief Justice Popham " 

Edward Seamour, Esq. — " Edward Seymour, Esq. of Berry Pomeroy, M. P. for 
the County of Devon, was created a B< ronet 29th June 1611. He m. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir Arthur Champernon, Knt. of Dartington, in Devonshire (see Reg. 
xxviii. 79) ; and died April 11th, 1613."- The Marquess and Earl of Hertford is a 

Bernard Greenville, Esq. — " Bernard Granville of Birleford in Devon, and of 
Stow in Corn wall, -the eldest son of the celebrated Sir Richard Granville (or Green- 
ville), was High Sheriff of Cornwall, 1596; M. P. for Bod win, 1597, and subse- 
quently received the honour of knighthood." He married Elizabeth, sole daughter 
and heir of Philip Bevil, Esq., of Killigarth, Cornwall, and died in 1636, having 
had issue four eons and two daughters. Two of his sons, Sir Bevil and Sir Richard 
Granville, were very celebrated Cavalier Commanders. 

The above named were of the Council, &c, for the Northern Colony of Virginia. 

Norwood P. O., Nelson Co., Va. Alexander Brown. 

Goodwin. — All persons having information regarding the family of Ozias Good- 
win, who settled in Hartford, Conn., in 1639, are requested to communicate with 
the undersigned, who is employed thereon and authorized to make reasonable com- 
pensation for the same. Frank F. Starr. 

Middletown, Conn. 

Flint.— Can any one furnish the parentage, date and place of birth of Rev. Josh- 
ua Flagg, who died in Dana, Mass., in 1850? R. Eddy. 

1884.] Notes and Queries. 231 

Stewart.— John Stewart, of Stirling, Scotland, came to New York in the ship 
Caledonia, August, 1699. Went to Hackensaek in New Jersey, and in March, 1709, 
married Jemima De Marest, daughter of John De Marest or Demorest. Her sis- 
ter, in 170-2 or 1703, married James Christy. Stewart moved 1703 to Appoquini- 
mink, Del., and died. Will dated Feb. 19, 1723, but lost from the Delaware records. 

Information desired of John Stewart or his will, and of John Demarest. 

Wilkes Barre, Pa. Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. 

Rich. — Lucy Lincoln, of "Western, now Warren, Mass., married not far from 
17S0 with Simeon Rich, and lived at Cherry Valley, N. Y. I shall be very thank- 
ful for any information as to his parentage and birth-place. 

Newark Valley, N. Y. D. W. Patterson. 

Tiiomas Clark, of East Haddam, Willington parish. The family emigrated 
thence to Great Egg Harbor, N. J., about the time when the Rev. Timothy 
was dismissed from that charge, in 1743. Tbere was a connection then or subse- 
quently between the Clark family and the Symmes's. What was it? This Tho- 
mas Clark is supposed to have been a grandson of Thomas of Milford, Ct., who marri- 
ed Ann, widow of John Jordan of Guilford, Ct. (in 1654), who is said to have been 
related to Governor Fennwick. Thomas Clark, says our memorandum, was born 
1GSG-7. Who were his parents? He married Hannah . Their children were : 

1. Rev. Samuel Clark, graduated at Yale — or at Princeton, his name being ou its 
Triennial Catalogue : ordained and installed over the parish of Kensington, Ct., 
July 14, 1756, where he died Nov. 6. 1775. He had a son Samuel and a daughter 
Jerusha who were baptized there. 2. Hannah, who married Capt. William Brock- 
way of Lyme, Ct. 3. Col. Elijah Clark of Gloucester, N. J., a member of the 
New Jersey Provincial Assembly in 1777 (possibly a grandson. 4. A daughter or 
granddaughter, married James Van Nuxem, a merchant of Philadelphia — of a Flem- 
ish family originally. 

A fuller record of this old Connecticut Clark family is respectfully solicited. 

W. Hall. 

Larmon. — Wanted the parents and ancestors of Elizabeth Larmon, who was born 
Sept. 6, 1718, married E^enezer Townsend, and removed to New Haven, Conn., 
where they continued to reside. Frank F. Starr. 

Middletown, Conn. 


A New CnniE. — In the articles on the "Early Bells of Massachusetts " in the 
Register for April and July, 1874, and January, 18a3 (vol. 29, pp. 176-84, 279-88 ; 
vol. xxxvii. pp. 46-52), fifteen chimes of bells in Massachusetts have been described. 
Hyde Park has now a chime, the sixteenth in use in the state. It consists of 
nine bells, and is called the St. Martin's chime. It was consecrated on the 18th 
of November last, in the presence of many of the dignitaries of the Catholic Church, 
when Rt. Rev. II. de Goesbriad repeated a prayer, sprinkled the bells, anointed them, 
made the sign of the cross upon them, and named them as follows: St. Patrick, 
St. Daniel, St. Louis, St. John, St. Richard, St. Aloyson, St. Agnes, St. Elizabeth 
and St. Cecelia. The bells bear no inscriptions except the name of theMcShane Bell 
Foundry, Baltimore, Md. It is a complete diatonic chime, and the musical names, 
with weights, are as follows : YJ>. 25G7 pounds ; F, 1724; G, 1165; A&, 925 ; B*, 
746; C, 526; D&, 400 ; D, 311; E&. 204. Total, 8628 pounds. Cost of chime, 
$3,000. E. H. Goss. 


IIayward {ante, vol. xxxviii. 84). — Diligent search has only revealed that her 
name was Susanna. She was married in England. Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel, 
who was born April 26, 1664, is said by Judge" Mitchell to have married about 1687 
Elizabeth, daughter of John and Constant (Mitchell) Fobes. But the late Hon. 
Beza Hayward believed that he married Elizabeth Grossman of Taunton. 

D. T. V. Hcntoon. 

1 r 

232 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Belcher. — I think the Register, xxxv. p. 377, last two lines in birth of John, 
Bon of John Belcher, " 11th mo. 1. 1658," which I read 1 Jan. 1658-59, explains 
the Boston transcript of same record, as given in Register, xii. p. 350, third line 
from bottom, " 11: 1: 58," which Dr. Savage read 11 March, 1659, and which led 
him to think the birth was that of a second John. So his text, Vol. I. p. 156, line 
two from bottom, should read ; ' John, 1 Jan. 1659, d. 9 Feb. 1659 " ; and not as 
amended in his corrections, p. 504 of same volume. D. W. Patterson. 

Newark Valley, N. Y. 

Poore. — In a collection of abstracts of wills from the town records of Exeter, R. I., 
recently loaned to me by Editor Arnold of the Narragansett Historical Register, I 
find the name of Poore, quite unusual in that state in those years. I have ventured 
to enclose the item for publication, in the hope that the veteran genealogist of 
Salem, if no one else, will rind it of interest. 

The will of William Poore, dated May 24, 1758, probated at Exeter, R. I., No- 
vember 20, 1759, bequeaths to mother Rachel Osbun now of Richmond, £67, Old 
Tenor; to sister Hannah Osbun, now of South Kingstown, single woman, forty 
acres of land in Exeter, being that he (William) had purchased of Stephen Rogers, 
also all the rest and residue of liis estate. The said Hannah was appointed executor. 
The testator made his mark. The witnesses were Peleg Thomas (his mark), Eliza- 
beth Sheldon and and John Sheldon. An inventory of the personal estate, taken 
Jan. 8, 1760, by John Sheldon and John Reynolds, amounted to £512. 3s. 9d. 

The will and inventory are recorded on Book viii., pp. 82 and 93 of the records 
above named. Ray Greene Hcling. 

Fitchbury, Mass. 

Historical Intelligence. 

Executives of Virginia, 1606-1S84. — R. A. Brock, Esq., secretary and librarian 
of the Virginia Historical Society, has prepared for Hardisty's Geographical and 
Biographical Eneyclopoedia, a series of biographies of the executives of Virginia 
from the founding of the colony to the present time, which is in press. We have 
examined some of the earlier sheets, and find that Mr. Brock has condensed into a 
comparatively small space reliable and precise information concerning these wor- 
thies. Much of it, the result of his individual research, has never before appeared 
in print. The book will supply a want in Virginia history. It is proposed to issue 
a corrected edition of the serial in separate and handy form, with portraits and 
other illustrations. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially ser- 
vice under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional school*, occupation, with places and dates of birth, marriages 
residence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in'full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 

Binney. By Charles J. F. Binney, Binney Street, Roxbury District, Boston, 
Mass. — This extensive genealogy has been in preparation by the author for forty 
years, and will make an 8vo. volume of between four and five hundred pages, print- 
ed with good type on tinted paper, and well bound in cloth, similar to the Pren- 
tice-Prentiss Genealogy published by him last year, and noticed in January, 1664. 
The book will be published as soon as 350 copies are subscribed for at $4 a copy 
(by mail, $4.20). It will contain all of the name in the United States, British Pro- 
vinces and Great Britain, of whom the author can obtain details. 

Boynton. By John Farnham Boynton, Highland Place, Syracuse, N. Y. — Mr. 
Boynton has rmide large collections relating to this family, particularly to the de- 
scendants of \Villiani and John Boynton, early settlers of Rowley, Mass. : but. before 
printing it he proposes, if sufficiently encouraged, to issue a directory containing the 
names and other particulars of living persons of the name, male and female. Price 

1884.] Notes and Queries. 233 

of the Directory, $2.50. Circulars giving further details of his work and plan can 
be obtained from Mr. JBoynton. He also proposes to reprint with annotations a 
history of the Boynton family in England. Price $3.50 for the reprint. 

Cummings. By the Rev. George Mooar, D.D., of Oakland, Cal. — Dr. Mooar has 
made large collections toward a record of the families bearing this name, descended 
from early settlers of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont and Maine. His 
atteution has been directed especially to the posterity of Isaac Cummings, Topsfield, 
Mass., 1640. He would be glad to enlist the active cooperation of others in making 
the record as complete as possible. Any members of the family who may have in- 
terested themselves in looking up their particular lines of descent are invited to 
correspond with him. 

Goode. B} T G. Brown Goode, United States National Museum, Smithsonian In- 
stitution, Washington, D. C. — He has been engaged about twenty years in collect- 
ing material aboutfthe Goode family of Virginia. 

Herrick. By Dr. L. 0. Herrick, 295 Hunter Street. Columbus, Ohio. — This 
work, which has been more than ten years in progress (Reg. xxvii. 421), is now 
completed, and will probably be ready for subscribers in June next. It will make 
an 8vo. volume of about 600 pages, illustrated with portraits on steel. The price 
will be in cloth $5 ; in extra cloth binding, uncut edges, gilt top, bevelled boards, 
§6 ; half turkey morocco, gilt top or marbled edges, as preferred, $7.50 ; full tur- 
key morocco, full gilt, $10. It contains all the matter in Gen. Herrick's book, 
published in 1816, and much more. It brings the record down to the present time, 
and contains much matter of historical interest to members of the family. It will 
be thoroughly indexed. 

Levalley. By Benjamin W. Smith, 14 "Westminster Street, Providence, R. I. — 
Mr. Smith would like to hear from any one connected with the family, or who has 
anything to communicate concerning it. 

Newell. By Joseph K. Newell, of Springfield, Mass. — Mr. Newell has a large 
collection of material relating to the descendants of Abraham Newell, of Roxbury, 
Mass., who came in 1634 in the Francis. 

Phillips. — By Albert M. Phillips, of Auburn, Mass. 

Underwood. By Prof. L. M. Underwood, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Van Dyke. Robinson. Nixon. By Rev. Horace Edwin Haj'den, Wilkes Barre, 
Pa. — Genealogies of the descendants of Thomas Janse Van Dyke. Long Island, N. 
Y., 1640; George Robinson, of Dover, Delaware, 16S0 ; Nicholas Nixon, of Do- 
ver, Delaware, 1670, are nearly complete. Further data desired. 

Virginia Genealogies. By Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, Wilkes Barre, Pa. — Mr. 
Hayden is preparing a volume of biography and genealogy of the families of Glas- 
scll of Virginia and Brown of Maryland, including pedigrees in full or in part of 
the following connecting families : Alexander. Conway, Cave, Daniel, Grinnan, 
Horner, Lewis, Lippitt, Moncure, Morton, Ration, Peyton, Robinson, Scott, Som- 
erville, Taylor, Wallace, Ware, Webb, of Virginia ; Claggett, Key, Hayden, Scott, 
Stone, of Maryland : Eno and Crosby of New England ; Bryan of Georgia ; Terry 
of Texas ; Campbell (Duke of Argyll) of Scotland and Louisiana. Any informa- 
tion as to these families will be gratefully received if addressed to the author, or to 
Mr. Richard Moncure Conway, Belmont P. O., Spottsylvania Co., Va. 

Wilcoxsoh. By Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, Wilkes Barre, Pa. — This genealo- 
gy will be printed in connection with the Hayden genealogy, now ready for the 
press, and will comprise all that can be gleaned of the descendants of Timothy Wil- 
coxson of Massachusetts, 1620, and Stratford, Conn., 1630. Some of the name have 
dropped the last syllable and write the name W T ilcox. It will be almost impossible 
to trace these unless they Communicate with the author personally. 

Local Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating to 
any of these cities, towns, counties, etc., are advised to send them at once to the 
persons engaged in writing the several histories. 

Albany, N. Y. By Jonathan Tenney, M.A., Ph.D., 194 Madison Avenue, Alba- 
ny. — The Illustrated History of Albany and Schenectady Counties, including the 
cities of Albany, Schenectady and Cohoes, is in active preparation. Special atten- 
tion will be given to the industries of the cities. W. W. Munscil & Co., Publishers. 

234 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Norway, Me. — The town has contributed $700 towards a new town history. 

Paris, Me. By William B. Lapham, M.D., of Augusta, Me., and S. P. Maxim. — 
The town has voted an appropriation to defray the expense of publishing this his- 
tory, and the work is now in progress. Dr. Lapham was till lately the editor of 
the Mame Farmer, and has also had much experience in historical and genealogical 
work. This town and Norway lie contiguous in Oxford county, and it is probable 
that both works will be brought out during the current year. 

Philadelphia, Pa. By J. Thomas (Scarf and Thompson Westcott. — This will 
be one of the most complete local works ever published. It will form three large 
octavo volumes of about 800 pages each, with three hundred fine historical views, 
maps, plans and portraits. It will be ready this spring, and will be sold only by 
subscription. Price £25. Louis H. Everts & Co., publishers, 719 Filbert Street, 

Weare, N. H. — A committee to obtain the facts relating to the Proprietary, Po- 
litical, Military and Church History, Population, Census, Records, Genealogy, 
Biography, Geography, Agriculture. Manufacturing, Professions, Schools, etc., has 
been appointed by the town, and $500 appropriated to aid the work. A historian 
will be appointed to write the history, under the superintendence of the committee. 
Further appropriations will be made when necessary. The work will probably be 
published within two years. S. C. Goold is secretary of the publication committee. 


New-Exgland Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, September 5, 1883. — A stated meeting was held at the So- 
ciety's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the president, the 
Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

Cyrus Woodman, Esq., chairman of the committee appointed at the last meeting, 
reported resolutions on the death of the Hon. Israel Washburn, LL.D., vice presi- 
dent for Maine, which were unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. Abijah P. Marion, of Lancaster, read a paper on " Writing and Pub- 
lishing Town and other Local Histories." 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 97 volumes and 484 pamphlets as do- 
nations since the last meeting. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., the historiogapher, reported memorial 
sketches of eight deceased members, viz., David P. Holton, M.D., Rev. Charles C. 
Beaman, Horatio N. Perkins, Hon. John D. Baldwin, Hon. Ginery Twichell, 
George Craft, Horatio S. Noyes and John G. Tappan. 

Boston, October 3. — A quarterly meeting was held this afternoon, President Wilder 
in the chair. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, announced some of the 
more important donations. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Rev. Henry A. Hazen, Hon. Nathaniel F. 
Saffbrd, C. Carleton Coffin and E. H. Goss, were chosen a nominating committee. 

The Rev. Raymond H. Seeley, D.D., of Haverhill, read a paper on "Robert 
Seeley, of Watertown, Mass." 

The corresponding secretary reported acceptances of their election as resident 
members from Gen. Francis A. Walker, LL.D., Rev. CJeorge Mooar, D.D., Hon. 
Charles A. Sayward, Hon. Amos Hadley, George Sheffield, Eugene B. Hagar, A. D. 
MV . French, and Sereno B. Pratt. 

The librarian reported thirty volumes and thirty-four pamphlets as donations 
in September. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of three deceased members, 
Josiah A. Stearns, Ph.D., Francis J. Humphrey and John R. Kimball. George 
H. Allan offered resolutions requesting the city government of Boston to commemo- 
rate this month the centenary of the closing of the revolutionary war by planting 
in Copley Square young trees, of the Dutch-English stock, from Brush Hill, 
Milton, whence the late Paddock Elms of the same stock were taken in 1762. 

The publishing committee of last year was reelected. 

i • 
1 i 


1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 235 

.Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Dec. 11, 1883. — A regular meeting was held this evening, 
the president, William Gammell, LL.D., in the chair. 

George G. Mason, Jr., of Newport, read a paper on " Queen Anne or Free 
Classic Architecture." 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Tuesday, Oct. 9, 1883. — The executive committee met at the rooms of 
the society in the Westmoreland Club House. Many donations were announced, 
among them a photographic copy of Sebastian Cabot's Map of the World from the 
rare original in the National Library of Paris, presented by the lion. Robert C. 

Saturday, Feb. 16, 1884. — A meeting was held, Charles G. Barney, M.D., in the 

The corresponding secretary read letters containing interesting information. 
Prof. Edward Arber, of Birmingham, Eng., in his letter stated that he had nearly 
ready his reprint of the complete works of Capt. John Smith, and also that an au- 
totype copy of the portrait of Pocahontas, in the possession of Hastings Elwin, of 
the county of Norfolk, England, had been made. Alexander Brown, of Norwood, 
in his letter, stated that he had procured an autotype copy of the portrait of Richard 
Hakluyt, the early chronicler, which is not known to have been engraved. 

William W. Corcoran, Washington, D. C, was elected first vice president of the 
society, vice Conway Robinson, deceased; and William W. Henry and J. L. M. 
Currey second and third vice presidents. 

!»• : i 


Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the "Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Three volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
close of the year 1859. A fourth volume is in press. 

Jonathan Mason, Esq., a resident member, admitted May 9, 1871, was born in 
Boston, March 12, 1795, and died in the same city, Feb. 21, 1884, aged 88 years, 
II months and 9 days. Mr. Mason was a member of the society for a time almost 
at the beginning of its existence, but was reelected at the date above given. His 
father was Jonathan Mason, for a time member of the U. S. Senate, born in Boston, 
September, 1750. His mother was Susan Powell, born in Boston, April 13, 1779. 
His remoter American ancestors on his father's side, were Jonathan Mason, born 
in Boston, 1725, and Benjamin, born in Boston, 1095. 

He was fitted for college at an early age, and was for a time connected with tho 
class of 1815 of Harvard College, but was compelledjto leave college because of tem- 
porary deafness. He had for classmates Drs. John G. Palfrey and Jared Sparks. 
Leaving college he gave his leisure hours to art, and was himself a painter of good 
reputation. He presented to our society a copy of Stuart's portrait of John Ad- 
ams painted by his own hand, and the portrait of Capt. VVinslow Lewis belonging 
to the society was also painted by him. 

He was united in marriage, Nov. 25, 1834, with Isabella Cowpland, daughter of 
an English merchant of New York. This marriage took place in Florence, Italy. 
From this marriage there were six children, four sons and two daughters. His 

236 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [April, 

youngest son, Philip Dummer, died at Washington from wounds received in battle 
•while serving as lieutenant in a regiment of artillery. 

Mr. Mason was president of the Boston Wharf Company in 1838, and was presi- 
dent and treasurer of the South Boston Association, as successor to the Hon. Judge 
Samuel Hubbard. This office he held from 1812 to the expiration of the charter in 
1852. The Transcript, in its issue of Feb. 21, 1884, says of him : " He was much 
interested in art, and was himself an amateur artist, there being many of his pic- 
tures in this city, and while in London he was a friend and associate of the artists 
Allston, Leslie and Harding. The late Dr. John C. Warren, David Sears, Patrick 
Grant and Samuel Parkman married his sisters, and his daughter, Mrs. Hooper, 
was the wife of the late Charles Sumner. The late William Powell Mason was his 
brother. He has for some time past resided at the Hotel Bristol." 


Hon. Gerry "Whiting Cochrane, of Boston, a life member, admitted June 6, 
1870, was born in New Boston, Hillsborough County, N. II., March 22, 1808, and 
died in Chester, N. H., Jan. 1, 1884. His father was John Cochrane, who was 
born Oct. 23, 1770, at Windham, N. H., and his mother was Jemimah Davis, who 
was born Aug. 13, 1774, in New Boston, N. II. His paternal grandfather was 
John Cochrane, of Scotch stock, and his maternal grandfather was Joseph Davis, a 
captain in the revolutionary army. 

His early education was obtained in the district school, at Pinkerton Academy, 
Derry, N. II., and at Bradford Academy in this state. After finishing his educa- 
tion, he was, for a time, engaged in teaching. In 1809, at the age of twenty-one, 
he entered upon the course of mercantile business which has chiefly occupied his 
life. On the 9th day of June, 1832, he was united in marriage with Miss Mary 
Jane Batchelder, daughter of Rev. William Batchelder, of Haverhill, Mass. By 
this marriage there were three sons, all of whom received a liberal education. Their 
names are William B., Henry F. and Frederick. 

He was made a director of the Shoe and Leather Fire and Marine Insurance Co. 
at the time of its organization, and continued so till a recent period, possibly till his 
death. He was also for some twenty years one of the directors of the Shoe and Lea- 
ther National Bank. He was chosen Presidential Elector in 1860. He was Execu- 
tive Councillor for the 2nd Essex district in 18G2 and 1863. He was for eight years 
on the Republican State Committee, and was a member of the Baltimore Conven- 
tion that nominated Abraham Lincoln for president for his second term. He also 
held the office of Justice of the Peace and Quorum about fifteen years. 

"William Peirce, E-q., a resident member, chosen June 14, 1859, was born at 
Greenfield, Mass., Feb. 7, 1806, and died at his home in Charlestown, Mass., May 22, 

His father was Proctor Peirce, born in New Salem, Mass., March 20, 1768, grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College, 1796, and died in Boston, April 15, 1821. 

His mother was Susanna Newton, born in Greenfield, Mass., April, 1779, and 
diedat Cambridge, Mass., July 13, 1855. She was the daughter of Ko^er Newton, 
D.D., a native of Durham, Conn., born in 1737, a graduate of Yale College in 1758, 
and minister of the Congregational Church in Greenfield from Nov. 18, 1761, to 
Dec. 10, IS 16, a period of fifty-five years. He was a descendant from Rev. Roger 
Newton, the first settled minister [1H52J of Farmington. Conn. This Roger New- 
ton of Farmington married a daughter of the celebrated Thomas Hooker of Hartford. 

At the age often years the boy William removed from Greenfield to Cambridge, 
where he learned the trade of a printer. In his early manhood he established him- 
self in the book and publishing business at No. 9 Cornhill, where he continued with 
different partners for a number of years. He afterwards lived for a time in Ando- 
ver and Lawrence. He was employed for 6ome years in the Boston Custom House. 
For the long period of twenty-eight years, from 1854 to 1882, he was clerk of the 
Massachusetts State Prison. In this position the genial and kindly qualities of his 
nature had free play. 

Samuel Baker Rixdge, Esq., a benefactor and life member, admitted Feb. 3, 1883, 
was born at East Cambridge, Dec. 26, 1820, and died at Cambridge, May 3, 18q3. 

His father was Samuel Rindge, who was born in Ipswich in 1791, and died in 
Cambridge in 1857. His mother was Maria Bradlee Wait, who was born in Med- 
ford, 1797, and died in Cambridge, 1850. His earliest paternal ancestor in this 
country was Daniel 1 Rindge, who was an inhabitant of the town of Roxbury as early 

' i 

1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 237 

as 1639. and removed thence to Ipswich in 1648. He died in 1661. His wife was 
Mary Kinsman. They had six children. The descent is through Daniel- Rindge, 

who had two wives, Hannah Perkins and Hannah ; Daniel, 3 son of the second 

wife, born Jan. 6, 1691, killed by the Indians in 1724. His wife was Martha 
(Caldwell) Ayers. Daniel, 4 born Jan. 29, 1720. He married Mary Kimball in 
1745, and died in 1800. Daniel, 5 born in 1752, and Samuel, 6 father of the subject 
of this sketch, noticed above. Mr. Rindge was therefore of the seventh American 

He received his early education in the schools of Cambridge, and was one year at 
school in Salem. When only fourteen years old, in 1834, he entered the mercantile 
house of Parker & Blanchard in this city, where he remained till his death, rising 
from the lower grades of service till he became one of the most active and import- 
ant members of the firm. 

He was united in marriage with Miss Clarissa Harrington, April 29, 1845, who 
was born at Lexington, Mass., Dec. 8, 1822, and was the daughter of Nathaniel 
and Clarissa (Mead) Harrington, both natives of Lexington. From this marriage 
there were six children, three sons and three daughters, of whom only one, Frederick 
Hastings Rindge and the mother survive. 

At the time when Mr. Rindge entered the store in this city, the name of the firm 
was Parker & Blanchard. Afterwards it stood as Parker, Wilder & Parker. Then 
it took its present form of Parker, Wilder & Co. The partners, as the firm was 
recently constituted, were: Marshall P. Wilder, Ezra Farnsworth, Samuel B. 
Rindge, John Rogers, W. H. Wilder, W. H. Sherman and B. Phipps. Mr. Rindge 
became a partner in 1847. 

Hon. Gustavus Vasa Fox, a life member, admitted to the society Jan. 9, 1S75, 
was born in Saugus, Mass., June 13, 1821, and died in New York city, Oct. 29, 
1883, aged 62 years, 4 months and 16 days. 

His father was Jesse Fox, of Dracut, Mass., who was born Feb. 28,' 1786, and died 
at Lowell, Mass., Oct. 12, 1870. His mother was Olivia Flint, born in Middleton, 
Mass., Jan. 8, 1794. On his father's side he was descended from Thomas 1 Fox, of 
Concord, Mass., who died Feb. 14, 1658; through Eliphalet, 2 of Concord, Mass., 
who died Aug. 15, 1711; Nathaniel, 3 of Concord, born Dec. 18, 1683, went to 
Dracut, Mass., in 1724, and died there after 1770 ; Daniel, 4 born in Concord, 1700, 
died in Dracut, 1769 ; Joel, 5 of Dracut, born May 9, 1753, died Feb. 8, 1849; and 
Jesse, 6 as above given. 

When the boy Gustavus was very young the family removed to Lowell, and there 
his early education was obtained. At the age of seventeen he was appointed a mid- 
shipman in the navy, and distinguished himself as a young officer by his remarka- 
ble intelligence and ability. Without going into details, such as would be beyond 
the compass of this brief notice, it is safe to say that he made himself thoroughly 
acquainted with the wants and necessities of the United States Navy Department, 
so that at the opening of the war of the rebellion he was made Assistant Secretary 
of the Navy, Gideon Wells being Secretary. He was thoroughly awake to the 
needs of the hour ; was present at the encounter of the Monitor and the Merri- 
mack, and introduced the big guns into the service. He had before that retired 
from the service, and was acting as the agent of the Bay State Mills in Lawrence, 
but was called back by the exigencies which had suddenly arisen. 

He was married October 29, 1855, to Virginia L. Woodbury, daughter of Hon. 
Levi Woodbury, of Portsmouth, N. II. 

Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury, of Boston, his brother-in-law, has furnished us 
with items of information for the preparation of this notice, and we can do nothing 
better in few words than to give his estimate of the noble character of the deceased. 
He says : 

" The late Mr. Fox was a man of powerful physique, and at the same time of 
great breadth of thought and grasp of mind, untiring in his industry, and capable 
of enduring mental labor and responsibility with coolness and decision. A man of 
high moral tone and of great perseverance in whatever he undertook. He had a 
rare executive ability, which was shown in everything he did. His devotion to his 
wife, always somewhat of an invalid, and their delightful sympathy with each other, 
was of the rarest order." 

David Oakes Clark, Esq., of Milton, Mass., a life member admitted March 6, 
1875, was born in Cambridge, Mass., Dee. 1, 1826, and died in Milton, Mass., Dec. 

238 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [April, 

13, 1883, aged 57 years and twelve days. His father was Cyrus Clark, born in 
Amherst, N. H., Jan. 29, 1788. His mother was Tabitha Oakes, daughter of Jon- 
athan Oakes, of Maiden, Mass. She was born in Maiden, Mass., July 27, 1704. 

He received his early education in the public schools of Cambridge. In 1814, at 
the age of 13, he went as a clerk into a store on Lewis Wharf, Boston, and two 
years later sailed in the ship " Mary Ellen " for China. He was shipwrecked on 
his voyage home, in the China seas, and spent forty-five days with the natives in the 
little island of Suba. 

He went again to China in 1848 and remained tiil 1852, when he sailed as super- 
cargo to San Francisco, in the interest of the mercantile house of Russell & Co. In 
the following year he returned again to China. 

In the year 1854 he was acting United States Consul at Foochow, China. From 
1857 to 1800 he was Swedish and Norwegian Consul at Bangkok, Siam. From 
1802 to 1303 he was Swedish and Norwegian Vice Consul in charge at Foochow, 
China. While in Bangkok he was agent for the firm of Russell & Co. He after- 
ward became a partner in the house, in which connection he remained till 1870. He 
retired, however, from active participation in the business, and returned to Ameri- 
ca in 1808. 

The Boston Journal, in its notice of his death, Dec.*15, 1833, says, " by his indus- 
try and integrity he became, when comparatively a young man, a member of the 
firm of Russell & Co., China tea merchants He was noted for his benevolence." 

Mr. Clark was united in marriage, Oct. 29, 1801, with Miss Catherine Elizabeth 
"Winslow, daughter of George Winslow, of Maiden. She was born in Maiden, 
May 2, 1832. From this marriage there were three children, viz. : Elizabeth Keid, 
born in Foochow, China, Feb. 15, 1803; Winslow, born in Maiden, Mass., June 
12, 1809 ; Elton, born in Milton, Mass., May 27, 1872. Mr. Clark in all his asso- 
ciations has borne a most excellent reputation for integrity and generosity. His 
wife and the two sons survive him. 

John Dickson Bruns, M.D., of New Orleans, La., a corresponding member, dating 
from March 10, 1853, was born in Charleston, S. C, Feb. 24, 1830, and died at New 
Orleans on Sunday, May 20, 1883, aged 47 years, 2 months and 20 days. His father 
was Henry M. Bruns, LL.D., who was born in Charleston, S. C, May I, 1803. His 
mother was Margaret Stewart, born also in Charleston. His grandfather was Henry 
Bruns, who emigrated to this country from Germany near the close of the last cen- 
tury. His grandfather on his mother's side was Robert Stewart, of Scotch-Irish 
descent, who was a cadet of the house of Menteith. He came hither near the close 
of the last century, and married Mary Lyle Graham e, also of Scotch-Irish blood. 

His education was gained in the High School of Charleston, where he was fitted 
for college, and in 1854, at the age of eighteen, he was graduated, with the first 
honors of his class, at Charleston College. In 1857 he was graduated from the 
South Carolina Medical College. Afterwards he pursued advanced studies in medi- 
cine at Jefferson College, Penn., and at University College, London. 

He was twice married. His first wife was Sarah Robertson Dickson, daughter of 
Henry Dickson, M.D., LL.D., and their marriage took place July 22, 1858. There 
were two children from this marriage, Henry Dickson and Margaret Stewart. 

He was married the second time, October 11, 1870, to Mary Peirce, daughter of 
L. Peirce. From this marriage there were two sons, Peirce and Robert Martin. 

Dr. Bruns was a learned and able writer on matters specially pertaining to his 
profession, in which he attained an early eminence. The Boston Journal, in its no- 
tice of his death, published May 23, lb83, says of him : " He owned and edited 
the Charleston Medical Journal and Review, and acted as professor of physiology 
in the Charleston preparatory medical school from 1858 until the breaking out of 
the war, when he entered the Confederate service as surgeon. In 1800 he became 
professor of physiology in the New Orleans medical school, and in connection with 
other doctors organized the famous New Orleans Infirmary. Since 1874 he has been 

{)rofessor of practice and theory of medicine in the Charity Hospital Medical Col- 
ege, New Orleans, and both as a voluminous writer and lecturer has contributed 
much toward the advancement of his profession at the South." 

George Arthur Simmons, Esq., a resident member, admitted Dec. 13, 1859, was 
born in Keene, N. H., May 17, 1808, and died at his home in Roxbury, Feb. 20, 
1884, aged 75 years, 9 months and 9 days. His father was David Simmon-, who 
was born in ilingham, Mass., in 1701. His mother was Mary Stimpson, who was 
born in Charlestown, Mass., in 1703. 




1884.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 239 

He came to Boston as a boy of twelve years in the year 1820. Up to that time 
his opportunities for education had been slight, and indeed his advantages in this 
respect were small all through his early life. But in his youth he formed the habit 
of reading good books, especially in the departments of history and biograph} 7 , and 
so became a man of far more than ordinary intelligence. In 1S31, at the age of 
twenty-three, he was united in marriage with Belinda Wells, daughter of Thomas 
and Anne Maria Wells, both writers of note in their day. She was great-grand- 
daughter of the distinguished Samuel Adams of revolutionary lame, one of the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. This relationship Mr. Simmons took 
great pleasure and pride in impressing upon the minds of his children. 

It is a remarkable fact, exhibiting at the same time his own fixed habits and the 
rapid growth of the city, that he first began business at No. 21 Long Wharf, keep- 
ing the same place for fifty-three years, but at the time of his death the building 
stood as 204 State Street. e 

By bis marriage there were nine children, of whom six, three sons and thre 
daughters, with his wife, survive. 

The Boston Journal of Feb. 23, 1884, says of him : "He was the first to reduce 
the refining of whale and sperm oil to a science, and he succeeded in a remarkable 
degree. He gained the confidence of the New Bedford and Fairhaven merchants 
and became their agent. His sales of oil and candles forty years ago were im- 
mense. He outlived all his original contemporaries, Josiah Bradlee, Downer, Aus- 
tin & Co., Macomber, Sawin & Hunting. lie was the last of the old occupants 
of Long Wharf, and there are but two who survive him who were connected with 
that corporation — Captain Wilder, the wharfinger, and Thomas Lamb, the Presi- 
dent. When whale oil ceased to be an important factor in commerce, Mr. Sim- 
mons turned his attention to real estate, of which he at one time was a large holder 
within the city limits. He had been at the time of his death a resident of the High- 
land District tor more than half a century, and a tenant of the store on Long Wharf 
for fifty-three years. He was a man of strong convictions, and an unblemished 
mercantile integrity marked his entire business career. Both socially and in hia 
business associations he was very popular, though he never sought political dis- 

Horatio Smith Noyes, Esq., a resident member, admitted Dec. 4, 1875, was born 
at Brattleboro', Vt., April 1G, 1815, and died suddenly at Newtonville, Mass., Au- 
gust 10, 1883, aged 08 years, 3 months and 24 days. His father was John Noyes, 
born in Atkinson, N. H, April 2, 1764. He was a graduate of Dartmouth College 
in the class of 1705, was tutor in Dartmouth, and had under his care Daniel Web- 
ster. He was afterward member of Congress, 1815-1817. He married in 1804 
Polly Hayes, sister of the father of President Hayes. The father died in 1811 at 
Putney, Vt., and the mother died in 1864. His earliest American ancestor was 
Nicholas Noyes, who settled in Ipswich, Mass., in 1634. 

Young Noyes entered Dartmouth College in 1830, but in consequence of ill 
health left in his Sophomore year; later he entered Yale College, graduating in 
tbe class of 1835. He had among hia classmates Rev. Daniel Butler, secretary of 
the Massachusetts Bible Society: George W. McPhail, D.D., president of La Fay- 
ette College ; Hugo White Shafley, LL.D., Judge of the Superior Court of Vir- 
ginia; John Lord Taylor, D.D., professor at Andover Theological Seminary ; and 
Alexander Smith Johnson, LL.D., one of the Circuit Judges of the United States. 
After graduation he commenced the study of law, but was soon turned a^ide to 
assist his father who was growing old and feeble. The result was that be never 
completed his law studies, but has lived a life of miscellaneous but successful busi- 
ness, having been connected editorially with several papers, and having been also 
a dealer in real estate. 

He was first married May 24, 1843, to Mary Augusta Chandler, daughter of Hon. 
David Chandler, of Rockingham, Vt. She died Feb. 22, 1855. She was the moth- 
er of two sons, one of whom died before the mother, at the age of five years, and the 
other is now in business in Chicago. He married again, May 19, 1857, Abbie S. 
Woodman, daughter of Charles Woodman, of Boston. She has been the mother of 
three children, two sons and a daughter, who, with the mother, survive. The old- 
est son, Charles Rutherford, is a graduate of West Point, and is now in the United 
States military service at the west. The other son, a year or two since, was a clerk 
in a Philadelphia store. 

The Daily Advertiser, in its issue of August 11, 1883, says of him: " He was a 

240 Booh Notices. [April, 

very genial man, and those "who knew him expressed only admiration for his char- 
acter. He was very popular among residents of Newtonville, and was always the 
first to call on and welcome new acquisitions to the neighborhood. Mr. Noyes was 
a man of college education, and studious in his habits. Several years of his life 
were devoted to journalism." 

The historiographer, from his personal acquaintance with Mr. Noyes for many 
years, can bear testimony to his kind and companionable spirit, and his quick and 
ready ability as a writer. 


The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 

The Visitations of Suffolk made by Hervey, Clarenceux, 1561 ; Cooke, Clarenceux, 
1511 ; and Raven, Richmond Herald, 1612. With Notes and an Appendix of 
Additional Suffolk Pedigrees. Edited by Walter C. Metcalfe, F.S.A. Exeter : 
Privately Printed for the Editor by William Pollard, North Street. 1882. Roy- 
al 8vo. pp. vii.-f230. 

The Visitation of the County of Lincoln in 1562-4. Edited by Walter C. Met- 
calfe, F.S.A. London : George Bell & Son. 1881. 8vo. pp. 151. 

The Visitation of the County of Lincoln. 1592. Edited by Walter C. Metcalfe, 
F.S.A. London : George Bell & Son, York Street, Covent Garden. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 3+84. 

The Visitation of Berkshire, 1664-6, by Elias Ashmole, Windsor Heraldfor Sir Ed- 
ward Bysshe, Clarenceux. {Marl. MSS. 1483, 1530.) Edited by Walter C. 
Metcalfe, F.S.A. Exeter: William Pollard, Printer, North Street. 1882. 
Royal 8vo. pp. iv. 4-126. 

The Visitation of the County of Worcester, Begun by Thomas May, Chester, and 
Gregory King, Rouge Dragon, in Trinity Vacacon, 1682; and Finished by Henry 
Dethick, Richmond, and the said Rouge Dragon, Pursuivant, in Trinity Vacation, 
1683, ^y Virtue of Several Dejjufacons from Sir Henry St. George, Clarenceux, 
Kinge of Amies, with Additions by the late Sir Thomas Phillipps, Bart. Edited 
by Walter C. Metcalfe, F.S.A. Exeter: Privately Printed for the Editor by 
William Pollard, North Street. 1883. Royal 8vo. pp. 5-4-124. 

County Visitations by the Heralds from the College of Arms, have, previous to 
the last twenty years, been an unprivileged source of recourse to New England 
genealogists ; our libraries have been entirely bare of those printed by the private 
» muniGcence of Sir Thomas Phillipps. The general attention of local societies in Eng- 
land dependent not only on the liberality of their subscribers, but much more upon 
the unrequited labor of some of their devoted antiquarian scholars, have furnished 
students of family history with these valuable aids ; the Chetham Society represent- 
ing Lancashire and Cheshire; the Surtees Society, Yorkshire — which county is also 
indebted to Joseph Foster for printing three Visitations ; — the Archaeological Soci- 
ety of Staffordshire with Graz<_'dbrook"s aid have done some work for that County ; 
the Harleian Society, with its admirable corps of literary workers, have given 18 
volumes, principally Visitations ; but here is a gentleman who alone seems to bear 
the whole responsibility of what is usually undertaken by societies. 

The five volumes before us represent seven visitations, all published within three 
years ; those relating to Lincolnshire and Suffolk embrace the period previous to the 
departure of most of the New England emigrant settlers, and we need not say that 
they will be in constant consultation to discover ancestors and collateral kindred; 
the volumes on Berkshire and Worcestershire, covering a later period of time, are 
most welcome aids in the study of general genealogy, but it is noticeable that we 
look in vain for the names of our gentilitial ancestors upon their pages. 

It is to books of this class that we go for the family statements and records in 
order to discover how much of truth or of fabrication has been otherwheres given. 
The writer had the curiosity to test, hy the Visitation of Suffolk, the statement in 
Register, vol. xxsvii., note, p. 192, that a " Monument in Barham Church says 


i : 

1884.] Booh Notices. 241 

Ellen, daughter of Thomas Little, married Edward Bacon, third son of the Lord 
Keeper. They are said to have had 19 sons and 12 daughters ; as it was suggested 
that the family of the late Leonard Bacon, D.I)., LL.D., might claim ancestry from 
that locality, and thus (I suppose) claim kinship with Lord Bacon, who some im- 
agine to have written the plays of the immortal Shakspeare. The Visitation made 
in 1612 gives the following named children to Edward Bacon, third son of Sir .Nich- 
olas, Lord Keeper, and Helen Litle his wife, viz., Nicholas, son and heir, page 22 ; 
Philip, second son, age 19 ; Nathaniel, third son, age 18 ; Lionell, fourth son, age 
16 ; Francis, fifth son, age 11 ; Thomas, sixth son, age 7 ; Jane, eldest daughter, and 
Ann age 14. Edward the lather died in 1618 ; one of the sons probably died soon, 
leaving only five sons. See Reg., vol. xxxvii. p. 197, note v. 

These standard reference-books are printed in good taste on substantial paper of 
large 8vo., and will bear the wear which their quality of continual use demands. 

By John Coffin. Jones Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

The Parish Registers of Loughborough in the County of Leicester. By W. G. Di- 
mock Fletcher. London and Derby : Bemrose & Sons. 1873. 8vo. pp. 11. 

Historical Handbook to Loughborough. By the Rev. W. G. Dimock Fletcher, M.A., 
of St. Edmund Hall, Oxon. Loughborough : H. Wills. 1881. 12ino. pp. 52. 
Price Is. 

The Rectors of Loughborough. By the Rev. W. G. Dimock Fletcher, M.A. Lough- 
borough : H. Wills. 1882. 12mo. pp. 53. Price Is. 6d. 

Chapters in the History of Loughborough. By the Rev. W. G. Dimock Fletcher, 
A.M. Loughborough : Herald Office. 1883. 12mo. pp. 62. 

Notes on Leicestershire MSS. in the Public Record Office and our National Libra- 
ries. By the Rev. W. G. Dimock Fletcher, M.A. Leicester: Samuel Clarke. 
1882. 8vo.pp. 20. 

These pamphlets by the Rev. W. G. Dimock Fletcher, M.A., of Leicester, Eng- 
land, are full of value. The author proves by publishing them, that he is abund- 
antly able to add to the information therein and give to the world a book of much 
worth, and one to be consulted by all students of English local history and genealo- 
gy. Loughborough is the second town in the County of Leicester, and is 105 miles 
from London. 

The first pamphlet is reprinted from the Reliquary for April, 1873. The last 
pamphlet, " Notes on Leicestershire MSS.," is a contribution to the " Transactions 
of the Leicestershire Architectural and Archaeological Society," and is printed in 
pamphlet form for private circulation. 

By the Rev. Anson Titus, of Weymouth. 

Report of the Commissioners of Education for the Year 1881. Washington: Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 1883. 8vo. pp. cclxxvii.-f-840. 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education, 1883. Washington: Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 1S83. No. 2, pp. 30. No. 3, pp. 81. No/4, pp. 82. 

The report of the Bureau of Education for 1S81 is of exceeding interest to all con- 
cerned for the future well being and prosperity of our country. The early portion 
of the volume contains valuable tables, based upon census statistics, and showing 
the excess of females in the different states, the number of minors, and also the 
location of the masses of foreign-born citizens of given nationalities, The report 
informs us that the " school a^e " in different states and territories varies from 8 
to 14 years to from 4 to 21, and gives information as to the salaries of teachers 
throughout the union, South Carolina paying her male instructors an average sala- 
ry of $25.45 per month, and Vermont paying only $16.84 in the case of females, 
while Nevada stands first in both instances, compensating males at $99.50, and fe- 
males at $74.76. 

The school population of the country exceeds 15,800,000, while about 9,800,000 
are enrolled as pupils. The questions of tho essential qualifications of teachers, 
school superintendence and illiteracy are discussed, and the latter illustrated by 
tables. ' 

There has been and is since the last report a constant educational progress in all 
the states and territories excepting New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, South Caro- 
lina, Alabama, Tennessee and Texas, and in most of these there has been important 
advance in certain directions, and retrogression in others. Much 6tress is laid upon 
the condition and prospects of colored schools in the south, and the present state of 
vol. xxxviii. 22 

242 Booh Notices. [April, 


all kinds of institutions of learning in the United States, including schools for the 
blind, &c, is exhibited by reports and tables. The school statistics of foreign coun- 
tries are elaborately presented, and the voiume bears test of the thorough and accu- 
rate system pursued by this department, a system productive of wonderful results, 
which it would have been impossible to accomplish a generation ago. 

Three Circulars of Information have been issued since we last noticed the series. 
No. 2 contains much information relating to co-education of the sexes in the public 
schools. No. 3 is a report of the Proceedings of the Department of Superintend- 
ence of the National Education Association, Feb. 20-22, 1S83, with some interesting 
matter relating to the education of Indian Youth. No. 4 is the Recent School Law 
Decisions, compiled by Lyndon A. Smith. 

By George K. Clarke, Esq., Needham. 

Minutes of the National Council of the Congregational Churches of the United States, 
at the Fifth Session, held in Concord, N. Ft., October 11-15, 1883. With the Re- 
ports and Papers. Boston : Congregational Publishing Society. 1883. 8vo. 
pp. iv.-f 189. 

The Congregational Year Book, 1884. Boston : Congregational Publishing Soci- 
ety. 8vo. pp. 272. Price 75 cents, post-paid. 

These two publications belong naturally together, though the first is triennial 
and the other annual. At this fifth session of the Triennal National Council, dele- 
gates clerical and lay were present from twenty-six states and territories. The body 
continued in session from Thursday, Oct. 11, 1883, being called to order that day at 
11 o'clock, until noon on Monday 15. The meeting was one of unusual interest 
and harmony. The next meeting of the National Council was appointed to be held 
in the Union Park Congregational Church, Chicago, III., commencing at 10 o'clock, 
Thursday, Oct. 17, 1880. 

The Congregational Year Book, hitherto under the charge of Dr. Alonzo H. 
Quint, by whom it has been developed into its fullness and exactness, has passed 
now into the care of Rev. Henry A. Hazen, who was chosen secretary of the Na- 
tional Council at its late meeting at Concord. The present issue is from his hands, 
and is a guaranty of the admirable manner in which the work will be done while 
in his charge. For many years the statistics of the Congregational Churches have 
been so gathered and arranged that they would bear honorable comparison with, if 
they might not claim superiority over those of any other religious body in this or 
other lands. This high standard is fully preserved in the present issue. 

The Congregational Churches, reported in this volume, are 4010 in number, scat- 
tered through forty-seven states and territories, including the District of Columbia. 
The number of ministers reported is 3790. The total membership of these churches 
is 390,240. The churches with pastors and acting pastors are 3,085. The churches 
vacant are 941. The number of student; in the seven Theological Seminaries be- 
longing to the denomination, is 284. twelve more than last year. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., of A 'ew ton, Mass. 

Miscellanea Marescalliana , being Genealogical Notes on the Surname Marshall. Col- 
lected by George William Marshall, LL.D. Vol. I. To all Marshalls all over 
the World, I bequeath this Work Gratis. 8vo. pp. 3-J-328-J-444-50. London, 
1883. In two Parts. 

During twenty years Dr. Marshall collected from the various probate offices of 
England, summaries of the wills made by persons of his surname, whether belong- 
ing to his immediate family or not ; in the same general way he selected from Pa- 
rish Registers all local notes relating to the name, and at the Faculty Offices gath- 
ered the marriage licenses : after withdrawing from this mass the genealogy of his 
own family, he has with simple and hearty generosity had the remaining Memo- 
randa printed and fully indexed for the benefit of " all Marshalls all over the 

Beside printing the abstracts of several hundred wills, he has in some instances 
arranged pedigrees of families ; the names alone from parish registers number thou- 
sands ; the finely printed index covers 50 pages. Dr. Marshall printed fifty copies 
only, which he lias presented to various societies and institutions, where they can 
be of the greatest good to the greatest possible number. The New England Histo- 
ric Genealogical Society was thus favored. 

By John CoJJin Jones Brown, Esq., of Boston. 


Booh Notices. 243 

Suffolk Deeds. Liber 11. Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 
Arch Street. 1883. 8vo. pp. 344+135. 

Too much cannot be said in praise of our practice of registering deeds, and mak- 
ing them a public notice to every one, which has prevailed here in New England 
for nearly two hundred and fifty years. By this means the would-be purchaser or 
his lawyer is enabled to consult them at any time, and can easily detect any cloud 
upon the title. We did not derive the custom from the mother country, for it has 
never been in general use there, although frequent attempts have been made to in- 
troduce it. Registration facilitates the transfer of land, which (as the Hon. 
Charles Levi Woodbury clearly shows in his able review of the first volume of these 
deeds published in 1880) is an end not desired in conservative England, and perhaps 
rightly too. In our more thinly settled country we have land and to spare, and the 
ownership of it dues not carry the same political and social prestige with it. 

Much praise is due John T. Hassam, A.M.. a member of this society, for origin- 
ating the idea of printing the volume ; and also to Mr. "William B. Trask, likewise 
a member of the society, who copied it from the records. Mr. Temple, the Regis- 
ter of Deeds, put the printing in charge of the latter. 

It is of course out of the question to attempt an extended review of a book of this 
nature. It is for the most part a collection of deeds from 1653 to 1656 ; it also con- 
tains powers of attorney, depositions, receipts and divers other legal papers. It has 
good indexes, is well bound ; and the printing is good, as our printing goes, but 
when shall we learn to equal the French in publishing clear and legible books ? 

It appears that the quaint and time-honored usage of transferring land by livery of 
geizin, by taking the grantee upon the ground to be conveyed and giving him a 
twig or a clod of earth before witnesses, was then in vogue. This formal mode of in- 
vestiture gave place later to the conveyance of land by the delivery of a duly 
executed deed. This old custom, however, seems to have been well adapted to an 
age in which few of the people could read and write. 

This volume will be of interest to philologists as showing the changes in our lan- 
guage. The orthography, judged by our standard, seems to be rather mixed. We 
appear to have been anticipated in the use of the phonetic method. Take for in- 
stance the christian name " Hyssekya." Did the writer mean Issachar or Heze- 
kiah? It is scarcely to be wondered at that a people who had to work as hard as 
the early settlers of Massachusetts should occasionally be deficient in their spelling. 
It appears that they thought two names sufficient for each person, a custom which 
might well be followed at the present day. They retained the English practice, 
which has since unfortunately fallen into disuse, of giving each man's addition 
after his surname, viz., John Doe, Gentleman, Merchant, Cordwainer, &c, as the 
case might be. 

It is of great value from a historical point of view, as it gives an insight into 
many of the customs of the hardy and courageous men and women who founded 
this great and ever growing New England, this branch of Old England, — or, as Dr. 
Freeman loves to call it, Middle England, — the land which gave us our laws, the 
land where our fathers lived. 

By Daniel Rollins, Esq., of Boston. 

The Library Journal. Official Organ of the American Library Association, Chiefly 
devoted to Library Economy and Bibliography. Editors, C. A. Cutter and F. Ley- 
poldt. Vol. 8, January — December, 1883. New York : F. Leypoldt, publisher. 
1883. 4to. pp. 356. Published monthly. Price $4 a year. 

This valuable publication is apparently not diminishing in usefulness or in inter- 
est as the years pass. In fact, as was suggestively remarked of the meeting of the 
American Library Association last summer, this body " continues to be young. 
Its period of interest and enthusiasm is not over."* A glance over the contents of 
this last completed volume of the Journal reveals at almost every page material 
which must be of indispensable service to those in charge of libraries, whether one 
be in want of helps or suggestions as to library architecture, library administration, 
selection of books, authorship of books, intercourse with readers, or the innumera- 
ble other details which go to make up a librarian's work. As usual, a large amount 
of space is given to a report of the proceedings of the annual meeting of tiie Ameri- 
can Library Association, held last year at Buffalo, in August. Among the papers 
read there was a most suggestive one by Mr. Cutter, which illustrates the 4i scien- 

* The Nation, xxxvii. 157. 

244 Booh Notices. [April, j 

tific use of the imagination " in a degree seldom met with. Any one who is inter- 
ested in the question of doing the most and the most useful work in libraries, and 
of doing it in the best way, cannot fail to find this article of fascinating interest. 
The exceedingly practical method of considering the work of a library under the 
heads of its various "sections," and of assigning these sections (as architecture, 
classification, aids and guides to readers, the reading of the young, cataloguing, 
etc.), each to some one member for extended treatment in an annual report, has 
proved very serviceable. Another paper of striking interest and value is that of 
Mr. James L. Whitney, entitled "A Modern Proteus." The Protean phenomena 
which he here investigates, are the numerous and very troublesome instances where 
a book which has become known, favorably or otherwise, under some one title, 
subsequently makes its appearance under a different one, as if it were a new publi- 
cation. Mr. Whitney's " List of books with changed titles," accompanying his 
paper, is a monument of minute and comprehensive research, and is well nigh ex- 
haustive. There certain!}' appears to be no reason why the Library Journal should 
not continue indefinitely to lay open the results of study in these important fields of 
discussion. f. 

A Report of the Record Commissioners, containing Boston Births. Baptisms, Mar- 
riages and Deaths, 1630-1699. Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, (Jity Printers. 
8vo. pp. vii.-f-280. 

This volume, while it is not the first of the kind that has appeared, is probably 
the most valuable and thoroughly prepared printed copy of ancient births, bap- 
tisms, marriages and deaths yet published in this state. Mr. Appleton, the -> 
commissioner who edits this volume, informs us that " every entry on Town Records 
and Church Records has been compared with the original, and it is believed that 
the exact meaning is expressed in the printed copy, though the wording has been 
often changed for the sake of brevity." 

The book is of special interest to genealogists and historical students, inasmuch as 
it contains not only some of the very earliest records in the colonies, but those of our 
most prominent families, such as Winthrop, Dudley, Bradstreet, Sewail, Bromfield 
and others. The records of the First Church are included, and consequently upon 
the appearance of the " Old South " Church records, which we hope will soon be 
printed, we shall have substantially all the births, baptisms, marriages and deaths, 
recorded in Boston, prior to IT00, preserved for all time in an accessible and availa- 
ble form. The substance of the records of the Second Church is already in print. 
The city was very fortunate in securing the services as Record Commissioners 
of two such competent antiquaries as Messrs. William H. Whitmore and Wil- 
liam S. Appleton. There is a good index to the volume, which is printed in the best 
manner. Let us hope that Dedham, Newbury, Nantucket and other ancient towns 
will follow the example of Boston and print their invaluable records before any mis- 
chance renders it impossible. In no way can towns better expend the public money 
than in preserving by publication their records and historical documents. 

The record commissioners have now given us in print nine volumes of the records 
of Boston and of towns which form portions of the present city of Boston. They 
have more than fulfilled the expressed wish of the Historic Genealogical Society, 
which in 1860, through its committee, consisting of Winslow Lewis, M.D., its 
president, Charles G. Loring, LL.D., the Hon. Amos A. Lawrence, Rev. Henry A. 
Miles, D.D., and J. Gardner White, Esq., petitioned that the town records of 
Boston previous to 1700 be printed by the city. The Bosion Journal in noticing 
the petition, which was presented to the board of aldermen, June 11, 1860, used 
this language : " The publication will be of great value, and we hope that no mis- 
taken economy will prevent such an important work. A mass of interesting his- 
toric matter is buried in these records " (See Register, xiv. 296). The volumes 
printed have shown the truth of the Journal's estimate of the value of these records 
as materials for history. Those which will follow them will be equally rich in his- 
toric matter. 

The present commission resulted from a petition of the above-named society pre- 
sented in January, 1875, calling the attention of the city government to the imper- 
fect state of the records of births, marriages and deaths, and asking that measures 
be taken to supply the deficiencies. (See Register, xxxiii. 261.) 

By George K. Clarke, Esq., of Need ham, Mass. 

1884.] Booh Notices. 245 

Inscriptions on the Bronze Tablets recently placed on the Gates of the Older Burial 
Grounds of Boston, Massachusetts. Prepared by Samuel A. Green. Cam- 
bridge : John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1883. 8vo. pp. 8. 
This pamphlet is reprinted from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society. The inscriptions were prepared by the Hon. Dr. Green while he was 
mayor of Boston, in compliance with an order of the city council. They give the 
names of some of the principal persons buried in five of the oldest burial grounds in 
Boston, namely, the King's Chapel, Copp's Hill, Granary, Roxbury and Dorches- 
ter grounds. Many of the founders of Massachusetts, and others prominent in its 
history, are buried in Boston, and it is an excellent idea to let its citizens as well 
as strangers from abroad know the places where their remains lie. Mayor Green 
has carried out this idea with judgment and taste. 

Proceedings at a Banquet given by his Friends to the Hon. Marshall Pinckney Wild- 
er, Ph.D., on his Birthday, September 22, 1883, to commemorate the completion of 
his Eighty-Fifth Year. Cambridge : University Press. 1883. Royal 8vo. pp. 

Address at the Nineteenth Session of the American Pomological Society, held in Phil- 
adelphia, Pa., September 12, 13, 14, 1883. By Marshall P. Wilder, President 
of the Society. Published by the Society. 1883. 8vo. pp. 25. 

Address of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, and the other Proceedings at the Annual 
Meeting of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, January 2, 1884. 
Boston : The Society House, 18 Somerset Street. 1884. pp. 42. 

Without doubt it may be stated that among the most notable local events of the 
past year, was the banquet given in honor of the eighty-fifth anniversary of the 
birth of our venerable President, the Hon. Marshall Pinckney Wilder. 

It falls to the lot of a goodly number of men to be eulogized upon their deaths ; 
but it rarely happens that while living it is given to any one to hear what his friends 
really think of his character and of his conduct of life. 

This is a case which forms an exception to the general rule that " a prophet is 
not .without honor except in his own country." Our venerable President is most 
emphatically in his own home ; and here we see a host of the foremost gen- 
tlemen of New England meeting together lor the purpose of testifying befbre him, 
themselves and the community their appreciation of and their admiration for a char- 
acter which for so many years has been so perfect an example of truth, of honor, 
of kindness, courage and usefulness. 

It occasionally happens that in meetings like the one under consideration, ow- 
ing to the excitement of the moment praise is lavished with a certain lack of dis- 
crimination, but here what seems to be acknowledged by all, and has been 
frequently commented upon, is the fact that the good words spoken were true in 
every particular, and that the encomiums passed upon our noble old friend, wheth- 
er by Governors, by Clergymen, by Scientists, Soldiers or Lawyers, were eminently 
deserved by one whose long life will be ever remembered and should be held up 
as a model for coming generations of young men. 

The volume does credit to the University Press, from which it issues. It is a 
model of typography in print and paper. 

The addresses by Mr. Wilder before the Pomological and Historic Genealogical 
Societies, whose titles are given above, show that time has not lessened the vigor of 
bis mind, nor his interest in the important institutions over which he has so long 
and ably presided. 

By Augustus T. Perkins, A.M., of Boston. 

Chart of the Old Thirteen Colonies — Portable History. By Emily H. "Watson, 
Boston Highlands, Mass. Published by W. B. Clarke and Carruth, 310 Wash- 
ington Street, Boston, and William B. Smith and Co., 27 Bond Street, New York. 
Price, with covers, $1 ; rolled, 75 cents. 

The author who succeeds in bringing the important study of history more com- 
pactly and more easily within the reach of the ordinary reading classes, has accom - 
plished a great purpose in the direction of popularizing this much neglected de- 
partment of literature. History, when properly cultivated, is a noble and instruc- 
tive study.. The record of nations and of men in past ages contains such mines of 
information, is so fraught with moral lessons, so replete with illustrations for the 
guidance of human character and government, that the mind can scarcely grasp its 
scope, or thoroughly consider in its fullest extent its influence for good. And yet 
how little this deeply interesting branch of literature is cultivated by the public at 
vol. xxxvui. 22*^ 

246 JBook Notices. [April, 

large. This is probably due, in a great measure, to the lack of a system in chrono- 
logical arrangement which shall so simplify and make clear the association of cotem- 
poraneous events as to bring a large amount of historical matter within easy reach, 
and without the trouble and delay consequent upon extended research. 

Such a system has been devised by the compiler of the chart under notice. The 
principal events in the entire colonial history of the country are here comprised in 
a sheet of about three feet in length and two in breadth. To thus present a sum- 
mary covering a period of over a century and a half in so small a space requires much 
judgment, tact and method in arrangement, and these qualities are herein conspicu- 
ously displayed. Almost at a single glance the reader is made acquainted with the 
whole colonial record ; and in addition to this the arrangement of dates is such that 
the reader has the cotemporaneous history of all the thirteen colonies, from New Eng- 
land on the right hand to Georgia on the left, at any particular date, without remov- 
ing his eyes from a single line across the sheet, an arrangement effected with great 
skill and care, and, from a tolerably close scrutiny, without error or misplaced 

The lady certainly deserves the thanks of every teacher or of every person inter- 
ested in the education of the people in historical matters. It will be found an in- 
valuable aid in our schools ; and those who cannot spare the time and trouble to 
investigate facts through the medium of cyclopaedias will welcome this assistant to 
the accomplishment of their desires with pleasure and delight. 

By Oliver B. Slebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

A Memorial, with Reminiscences, Historical, Personal and Characteristic of John 
Farmer, A.M., Corresponding Secretary of the New Hampshire Historical Society, 
Member of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries at Copenhagen, etc. By 
John Le Bosquet. Boston: Cupples, Upham & Co., Old Corner Bookstore. 
1884. 12mo. pp. 138. Price $1. 

Dr. Farmer, as he was usually called, was a pioneer in New England genealogy. 
His Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England, which was the 
basis of the Genealogical Dictionary of the Hon. James Savage, has laid the 
genealogists of our country under perpetual indebtedness. "When the Regis- 
ter was commenced in 1817, the editor chose him as a representative man, and 
gave the place of honor to his memoir and portrait. A memuir of him by his asso- 
ciate in historical labors, the Hon. Jacob B. Moore, had been previously published in 
February, 1839, in the American Quarterly Register. 

The author of the book before us has written a very interesting narrative of the 
life of Dr. Farmer, and has interspersed his own reminiscences of that careful and 
conscientious antiquary, with whom he was intimate more than half a century ago. 
Mr. Le Bosquet has had the use of some of Dr. Farmer's letters, from which he has 
drawn interesting matter. 

The Bay Slate Monthly : A Massachusetts Magazine. Boston : John N. McClintock 
& Company, Publishers, 31 Milk Street. Published monthly, 64 pages each 
number. Price $3 a year, or 30 cents a number. 

This periodical was begun in January, 1884, and in the words of its prospectus 
is " devoted to the Literature, History and Biography and State Progress of Mas- 
sachusetts. " Three numbers, from January to March, have been issued filled with 
articles of special interest to Massachusetts men. The January number contains a 
memoir of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., embellished by an excellent por- 
trait. The editors having decided to begin in its pages a series of articles devoted 
to the material advancement and prosperity of Massachusetts and the record of her 
past greatness," selected Col. Wilder as '*a representative man " whose memoir 
should be the initial article in the Monthly. The February number contains a memoir 
of Ex-Gov. A. H. Rice, by Daniel B. Hagar, and the March number one of Judge J. 
G. Abbott, by Col. J. H. George, both with fine portraits. Among the other con- 
tributors may be named the Hon. Dr. Samuel A. Green, Dr. Thomas W. Bicknell, 
Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, Gen. Henry B. Harrington, Hon. Charles Cowley and 
Elizabeth Porter Gould. 

The Antiquarian Magazine and Bibliographer. Edited by Edward Walford, M.A. 
Formerly Scholar of Balliol College, Oxford, and late Editor of ' ' The Gentleman's 
Magazine." London: Vol. IV. July — December, 1883. David Bogue, 3 St. 
Martin's Place, Trafalgar Square, W. C. 1883. 8vo. 

This magazine, which was commenced in January, 1882, has now completed four 
volumes, while four parta of a fifth volume have been issued. It numbers among 

1884.] Booh Notices. 247 

its contributors some of the best known English antiquaries, and the subjects 
treated of in its pages are of historic value and varied interest. 

Mr. Walford has had much experience as an editor. Besides the Gentleman's 
Magazine, named in the title, he was the founder and the first editor of The Anti- 
quary, which under his charge gained great reputation. The bibliographer as well 
as the antiquary will find here much to interest him. 

Records of William Spooner of Plymouth, Mass., and his Descendants. Vol. 1. By 
Tuomas Spooner. Cincinnati. 1883. 8vo. pp. 694. Price $5. 

The Eddy Family. Reunion at Providence to celebrate the Two Hundred and Fiftieth 
Anniversary of the Landing of John and Samuel Eddy at Plymouth, Oct. 29, 
1630. Second Edition. Boston, Mass., 1834. 8vo. pp. 304. Price $3. To be 
obtained of F. G. Pratt, 41 Temple Place, Boston. 

A Genealogy of the Descendants of Hugh Gunnison, of Boston, Mass., covering the 
period 1610-1876. Compiled by George W. Gunnison. A.M.. for the Use of the 
Family. Boston : Published for the Gunnison Family by George A. Foxcroft. 
1880. l8mo. pp. 222. Price $2. Published for J. B. and C. E. Gunnison, Erie, 
Penn., who will send copies post-paid on receipt of the price as above stated. 

Genealogical Data respecting John Pickering of Portsmouth, N. H., and his De- 
scendants. Boston : 1884. 8vo. pp. 32— f-iii .— f—1. 

The Armstrong Family of Windham, N. H. By Leonard A. Morrison. 8vo. pp. 
19. Published 1884. ' 

Pedigree of the Conant Family. Compiled by Frederick Odell Conant, of Port- 
land, Me. Broadside, 18 by 38 inches. Published 1884. Price §1. To be ob- 
tained of the author. 

The Bonython Family of Maine. By Dr. Charles E. Banks, Passed Assistant Sur- 
geon, U. S. Marine Hospital Service. Svo. pp. 7. Published 1884. 

Record of Family Faculties ; consisting of Tabular Forms and Directions for enter- 
ing Data, with an Explanatory Preface. By Francis Galton, F.K.S., author of 
4 ' Hereditary Genius," " Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development," 
etc. London : Macmillan and Co. 1884. 4to. pp. 64. 

We continue our quarterly notices of genealogical works which have recently 

The Spooner genealogy was briefly noticed from advanced sheets in the January 
number. We have now the bound volume before us. The work shows marks of care 
and labor, as might be expected in a work that has employed its author a quarter 
of a century. It is arranged on the Connecticut or Goodwin plan, with some 
changes. It is particularly full in biography, and the sketches of some of the 
prominent individuals contain information which will cause it to be referred to often 
oy others besides the family. Mr. Spooner is to be congratulated on having pro- 
duced so satisfactory a work in every respect. It has a full index. 

The first edition of the EJdy book was noticed in April, 1833, and we refer to that 
notice for its principal features. The genealogy is by Robert Henry Eddy of Boston. 
In this edition there are large additions to that portion of the work, and considera- 
ble improvements to other portions. But what is of the most importance, this edi- 
tion has a good index. The book covers the history of the family very satisfactorily 
from 1533 to 1884. It is a handsome volume, well printed and embellished with 
fine portraits and views. 

The Gunnison genealogy was compiled by the late Rev. George W. Gunnison, 
who died in Boston, Mass., May 14, 1873, aged 55, and at the time of his death was 
connected with the Watchman. It has been printed at the expense of his brothers, 
Messrs. John B. and Charles E. Gunnison, of Erie, Pa. The emigrant ancsstor of 
thus family, Hugh Gunnison, is found in Boston in 1634, and there is questionable 
tradition that he was in New Hampshire earlier. Later he kept the King's Arms 
Tavern, of which the history is given in the Register, xxxiv. 41-8. He afterwards 
removed to Kittery, Maine. The book gives a genealogical record of his descend- 
ants through his youngest son Elihu. An index of the heads of families is given. 

The Pickering genealogy is by Robert II. Eddy, of Boston, who has been referred 
to in this article as the author of the genealogical portion of the Eldy book. The 
author has prepared a good record of the lines, embracing the most prominent per- 
sons in this distinguished family. The book has a good index. 
. The Armstrong Family first appeared in the History of Windham, N. U., noticed 

248 Recent Publications, [April, 

by us in October, 1883. It is devoted to the descendants of Robert Armstrong, one 
of the original proprietors of Londonderry, N. H., 1733. The book has been re- 
printed for the use of the family. A portrait on steel of George W. Armstrong, of 
Boston, embellishes the volume. 

The tabular pedigree of the Conant family contains seven generations of the de- 
scendants of Roger Conant, the founder of Salem, Mass., of whom a good memoir 
by the late Rev. Dr. Felt is printed in the Register, ii. 233-9, 329-35. Mr. Conant 
has been quite successful in tracing the descendants of this worthy. No genealogy 
of the family has appeared before, and we trust that the author will give us fuller 
details in book form. 

The Bonythou genealogy is a reprint from the Register for January last. 

The Record of Family Faculties, though not strictly a genealogical work, is one 
that will be useful to the genealogical inquirer. Mr. Galton in his Preface says : — 
" This book is designed for those who care to forecast the mental and bodily facul- 
ties of their children and to further the science of heredity." The forms which are 
here given for recording data concerning the individual and his ancestors are admi- 
rably adapted for the purpose. The distinguished author has prefixed to them 
valuable suggestions and advice as to making the records and drawing deductions 
from them. The earliest person in the United States to devote much attention to 
these subjects was, we think, the late Lemuel Shattuck, one of the founders of the 
Historic Genealogical Society, of whom a memoir is printed in the third volume of 
its Memorial Biographies. 


Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, to March 1, 18S4. 

I. Publications icritten or edited by Members of the Society. 
Maryland in the beginniner, a brief submitted to the Historical and Political Science As- 
sociation of Johns Hopkins University. By Edward D. Neill. Baltimore: Cushings& Bailey, 
262 Baltimore Street. 1834. 8vo. pp. 54." 

A Statement relating to the will of Hon. Cadwallader C. Washburn. By Cyrus Woodman. 
8vo. pp. 11. 

The Forty -fifth Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteers Militia— nine months men— and the 
Eighth Regiment, at Annapolis in 1861. Extracts from speech, by General Edward W. 
Hincks, of Cambridge, at Peabodv, November 5th, 1SS3. Cambridge, Mass.: Printed by- 
William H. Wheeler. 1883. Svo. pp. 23. 

A Report of the Record Commissioners, containing Boston Births, Baptisms, Marriages 
and Deaths, 1630— 1699. Boston: Rockwell & Churchill, City Printers, 39 Arch Street. 
1883. 8vo. pp. 281. 

The Rigs of Vessels. By R. B. Forbes, Boston. 1883. James F. Cotter, Printer, 165 
Devonshire Street. 8vo. pp. 20, with map. 

Miscellanea Marescalliana, being genealogical notes on the surname of Marshall. Col- 
lected by George William Marshall, LL.D. Vol. I. Parts I. and II. To all xMarshalls all 
over the world I bequeath this work gratis. Svo. 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Necrology for 1883. Charles 
Perrin Smith, Lucius Quintius Cinciunatus Elmer, George Sharswood. By Charles Henry 
Hart, Historiographer. [Reprinted from the Proceedings, for 1883.] Philadelphia. 188-1. 
8vo. pp. 17. 

American Antiquarian Society. The Relations between Hamilton and Washington. 
Report of the Council, October 22, 1883. Worcester, Mass., U. S. A.: Printed by Charles 
Hamilton, 311 Main Street. 1831. 8vo. pp. 14. 

Further notes on the History of Witchcraft in Massachusetts, containing additional evi- 
dence of the passage of the Act of 1711, for reversing the attainders of the Witches; also 
affirming the legality of the Special Court of Oyer and Terminer of 1692: with a heliotvpe 
plate of the Act of 1711, as printed in 1713, and an appendix of documents, etc. By Abner 
Cheney Goodell, Jr. Reprinted, with slight alterations, from the Proceedings of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society. Cambridge : John Wibon & Son, University Press. 1884. 
8vo. pp. 52. 

The Congregational Year Book, 1881, issued under the sanction of the National Council 
of the Congregational Churches of the United States, by its publishing committee, and 
containing the general statistics of those churches for the last previous year. Boston: 
Congregational Publishing Society. 1881. 8vo. pp. 272. 

•. i 


1 i 

1384.] Recent Publications. 249 ( 

John Adams, the Statesman of the American Revolution. Addresses before the Webster 
Historical Society at its annual meeting in Boston, January 18, 1884. By Hon. Molten 
Chamberlain. Boston : Published by the Society. Office 83 Equitable Building. 1834. 
Svo. pp. S3. 

Report of the Librarian of the State Library, for the year ending September 30, 1883, and 
fourth annual supplement to the general catalogue. Boston : Wright & Potter Printing 
Co., State Printers, 18 Post Office Square. 1884. 8vo. pp. 223. 

II. Other Publications. 

Early History of Hanover College. An address by Hon, William McKee Dunn, LL.D., 
delivered at the Semi-Centenniai Commencement of Hanover College, June 13, 1SS3. Madi- 
son, Ind. : The Courier Company, Printers and Binders. 1833. Svo. pp. 20. 

Contributions of the Old Residents Historical Association, Lowell, Mass. Organized 
December 21, 1868. Vol. II. No. 4. Published by the Association November, 1S83. 
Lowell, Mass. : Morning Mail Print, 18 Jackson Street. 1883. 8vo. pp. 330—461. 

Addresses delivered at the funeral of Lyman Hotchkiss Atwater, D.D., LL.D., in the First 
Presbyterian Church, Princeton, N. J., Tuesday, February 20, 18S3. A memorial discourse 
delivered in the College Chapel, on the evening of Baccalaureate Sunday, June 17, 1S83. 
Published by request of the Trustees. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph & Co., 900 
Broadway, cor. 20th Street. Svo. pp. 77. 

Saint Andrew's Church, New Castle, Maine, consecrated November 22d, 18S3. By the 
Rt. Rev. Henry Adams Neelev, D.D., Bishop of Maine. Boston: Franklin Press, Rand, 
Avery & Co. 1883. 8vo. pp. 29. 

Proceedings of the General Theological Library, for the year ending April 16, 1883, with 
a sketch of its history, rules, a list of its officers, founders, patrons, members, &c. Boston : 
12 West Street. Printed for the Society. 1883. 8vo. pp. 60. 

The Confederate Debt and private Southern Debts. By J. Barr Robertson. London : 
Waterlow & Sons. Limited. 95 and 96 London Wall. 18S4. Price one shilling. Sq. 8vo. 
pp. 38. 

Ross Memorial, William Sterling Ross and Ruth Tripp Ross. Reports of Committees of 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society. Publication No. 8. Wilkesbarre, Penn. : 
Printed for the Society. 1884. Svo. pp. 17. 

Message of the President of the United States communicated to the two Houses of Con- 
gress, at the beginning of the first session of the forty-eighth Congress. Washington : Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 19. 

A circular of inquiry from the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society respecting the 
Old Wilkes-Barre Academy. Prepared by Harrison Wright, Recording Secretary, WiTkes- 
Barre, Penn. Printed for the Society. 1883. 8vo. pp. 19. 

Isaac Smith Osterhout. Memorial. Report of the Committee of Wyoming Historical and 
Geological Society. Publication No. 7. Wilkesbarre, Pa. : Printed for the"Society. 1883. 
8vo. pp. 15. 

Proceedings of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, for the year ending Feb- 
ruary 11, 1S83. Publication No. 6. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. : Printed for the Society. 1883. 
8vo. pp. 70. 

Archives of Maryland. Proceedings and acts of the General Assembly of Maryland, 
January, 1637-8 — September, 1664. Published by authority of the State, under the direc- 
tion of the Maryland Historical Society, William Hand Browne, Editor. Baltimore : Mary- 
land Historical Society. 1S83. Large 4to. pp. 553. 

Commemorative exercises of the First Church of Christ in Hartford, at its two hundred 
and fiftieth Anniversary, October 11—12. 1883. Hartford, Conn.: Press of the Case, 
Lockwood & Brainard Co. 1883. 8vo. pp. 215. 

Constitution, By-Laws, officers and members of the Saint Nicholas Club of the city of New 
York, 18S3. Club House, 12 East 29th Street. Printed by order of the Club. 8vo. pp. 43. 

Essex Institute Historical Collections, July, August and September, 1883. Vol. XX. 
Salem, Mass.: Printed for the Essex Institute. 1833. 8vo. pp. 161—240. 

1836 — 1S80. Census of Iowa for 1880, with other historical and statistical data. By John 
A. T. Hull, Secretary of State. Printed by order of the General Assembly. Des Moines : 
F. M. N Miils, State Printer, to page 368. Completed by Geo. E. Pwoberts, State Printer. 
•1883. 8vo. pp. 744. 

Parochial History of Wester ham, by Granville Leveson Gower, F.S.A. London: Mitch- 
ell and Hughes, 140 Wardour Street. 1883. 8vo. pp. 101. 

A Memorial of the one hundredth Anniversary of the incorporation of the Town of Mid- 
dlefield, August 15, 1833, containing the Historical Discourse by Prof. Edward P. Smith, 
of Worcester, with the addresses and letters. Published by the Town of Middlefield, Mas- 
sachusetts. 1883. 8vo. pp. 96. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the annual meeting at Worcester, 
October 22, 1883. Vol. III. New Scries. Parti. Worcester: Press of Charles Hamilton, 
311 Main Street. 1884. 8vo. pp. 76. 





Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the Theological Seminary, Andover, Mass., 
18S3-84. Andover : Printed by Warren F. Draper. 1SS4. 8vo. pp. So. 

Manual with Rules and Orders for the use of the General Assembly of the State of Rhode 
Island, 1833-81. Prepared in accordance with a Resolution of the' General Assembly, by 
Joshua M. Addeman, Secretary of State. Providence, R. I.: E. L. Freeman & Co., Print- 
ers to the State. 1883. 8vo. pp. 278. 

Constitution and By-Laws of the Boston Marine Society, instituted in the year 1742, in- 
corporated in the year 1754, together with a brief history of the Society, its condition in 

1883, and a list of" members. Boston : Press of T. R. Marvin & Son, 49 Federal Street. 

1884. 8vo. pp. 92. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Nineteenth Annual Catalogue of the Officers and 
Students, with a statement of the courses of instruction, and a list of the Alumni and of the 
members of the Society of Arts, 1833-84. Boston : Press of George H. Ellis, 141 Franklin 
Street. 1S84. 8vo. pp. 144. 

Seventy-Eighth Anniversary Celebration of the New England Society in the City of 
New York, at Delmonico's, Dec. 22, 1SS3. 8vo. pp. 106. 

Annual Report of the Inspectors, Warden and subordinate officers of Maine State Pri- 
son, 1882. Augusta : Sprague and Son, Printers to the State. 1883. Svo. pp. 4.5. 

Forty-Eighth Congress. [First Session.] Congressional Directory, compiled for the 
use of Congress. By Ben : Perley Poore. Second Edition. Corrected to February 15, 1381. 
Washington : Government Printing Office. 18S4. 8vo. pp. 200. 

Papers concerning Early Navigation on the Great Lakes. I. Recollections of Capt. Da- 
vid Wilkeson. II. The Pioncer~Lake Erie Steamboats Walk-in-the-Water and Superior. 
By William Hodge. Buffalo Printing House of Bigelow Brothers, Pearl and Seneca Sts. 
1883. 8vo. pp. 44. 


Farxsworth, Miss Elizabeth, died in 
Groton, Mass., Feb. 2, aged 91 years, 3 
mos. She was the only daughter and 
last survivor of the five children of 
Major Amos and Elizabeth (Rockwood) 
Farnsworth of Groton, whose deaths 
were mentioned in vol. iv. page 110 of 
the Register. She was a woman of 
strong character, and one of the earliest 
of the Garrison abolitionists. 

Hall, Mrs. Sybella Hale, widow of the 
late Mr. Richardson Hall, of Greenfield, 

. Mass., died at the residence of her son 
in Reading, Mass., 31 January. She 
was a daughter of the Rev. Enoch and 
Octavia Throop Hale, of Westhampton, 
Mass. (Westhampton Memorial, 1866), 
where she was born 3 Sept., 1797, and 
of which town her father was a minis- 
ter from Sept., 1779, to his death in 
Jan., 1837. Airs. Hall was a niece of 
that most excellent young man and 
patriotic soldier, Capt. Nathan Hale, of 
the Connecticut line in the Army of the 
Revolution, who suffered death (exe- 
cuted with vindictive cruelty) by order 
of Gen. Howe, the British comman- 
der, 22 September, 1776. Two of her 
brothers., were, Hon. Nathan Hale, 
LL.D., editor and owner of the Boston 
Daily Advertiser, and Enoch Hale, 
M.D., a widely known and esteemed 
physician, first of Gardiner, Me., and 
afterwards of Boston. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hall were the parents of ten children, 

of whom the following named survive : 
Mrs Henry Hooker of Westfield, John 
Richardson, Mrs. Edward Dewey, Wil- 
liam Hooker, and Mrs. Franklin Bar- 
nard of Boston, Edward, now resident 
in California, and Henry Throop of 
Reading. In an obituary notice of 
Mrs. Hall in the Advertiser, her nephew, 
Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale, says : — 

"The Rev. Enoch Hale was the father 
of eight children. He left 44 grand- 
children. I think that from his mar- 
riage, in 1781, to his death, in 1837, he 
never saw death enter the circle of his 
immediate family. These eight chil- 
dren, of whom Mrs. Hall was the last 
survivor, all married, and their child- 
ren and grandchildren are now living 
in all parts of the United States. 

" She was a most attractive person 
from her birth to her death. Of great 
personal beauty, of the most suuny and 
unselfish disposition, with humor and 
wit, — which were perhaps derived from 
her ancestry, as they are certainly 
transmitted after her, — and with a quick, 
appreciation of people and of books, 
she brought a charm with her wherever 
she came which will long linger, though 
she be no. longer seen. 

"The circle of eight brothers and 
sisters have joined each other. They 
have left in their 'children and grand- 
children a large circle, — of various 
names, — scattered through more than 20 




American States, — all proud of the 
family history, grateful for the West- 
hampton memories, and ready, I think, 
wherever they may be called, to renew 
the services which the 'old line' has 
been able, in various exigencies, to ren- 
der to the country or to mankind." 
Com. by A. 11. lloyt. 
Humphreys, Brig. Gen. Andrew A., died 
in Washington, Dec. 23, 1883, aged 73. 
He was born in Philadelphia, Pa., Nov. 
2, 1810. He graduated at the U. S. 
Military Academy, West Point, in 1831, 
and was appointed 2d lieut. of the 2d 
Artillery. In 1836 he resigned, and 
was employed as a civil engineer in the 
service of the United States. In 1833 
he was re-appointed to the army as 1st 
lieut. of engineers, and was employed 
in many important works. During 
the war, he served with distinction in 
Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania, 
and rose to the ranks of major general 
of volunteers, and bvt. major general 
of the regular army. Since Aug. 6, 
1866, he has held the office of chief of 


Leonard, Joseph, died at his residence, 
Roxbury, March 6, 1884, aged 74. He 
was born in Portsmouth. England, Oct. 
22, 1809, and came to this country 
when young. He was a well-known 
auctioneer in Boston, and was one of 
the first to inaugurate the sales of stan- 
dard books and libraries in this city. 
He was also a pioneer in the art sale 
business. In 18-52 he rebuilt the Na- 
tional Theatre, burnt April 22, and in 
October opened it to the public. It did 
not prove profitable, and he returned 
to the auction business. He was of 
genial manners and eminently social, 
which rendered him very popular. See 
Obituary in Boston Transcript, March 
6, 1884. 

Phillips, Wendell, the most brilliant and 
effective orator of the day, died in Bos- 
ton, Saturday evening, Feb. 2, 1884, 
aged 72. He was a son of the Hon. 
John Phillips, the first mayor of Bos- 
ton, and was born in this town Nov. 
29, 1811. He was a descendant in the 
7th generation from the Rev. George 1 
Phillips, the first minister of Water- 
town, through Rev. Samuel, 2 Samuel, 3 
Hon. John, 4 William, 5 who married 
Margaret, dau. of Hon. Jacob Wendell 
(Reg. xxxvi. 246), and Mayor John, 6 
his father. He was also descended 
from the celebrated Mrs. Anne Brad- 
street (Reg. viii. 315 ; xxxviii. 206). He 
was graduated at Harvard College in 
1831, and from its Law School in 1834. 
He joined the Anti- Slavery party in 

1836 ; and his first memorable speech 
in that cause was the well known one 
in Faneuil Hall, Dec, 1837, in reply to 
Attorney Gen. James T. Austin. The 
meeting was held to "notice in a suita- 
ble manner" the murder at Alton, 111., 
of Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy, the opponent 
of slaverv, "who fell in defence of the 
freedom of the press." Mr. Austin had 
defended the mob ; but the eloquence 
of Phillips prevailed, and resolutions 
denouncing it were passed. Hence- 
forth Mr. Phillips was the orator of the 
anti- slavery cause: his life work was 
given to the overthrow of slavery which 
he lived to see accomplished. He was 
also an advocate of woman- suffrage, 
and was active in the cause of temper- 
ance. His •* Speeches, Lectures and 
Letters" were published in 1863. Sev- 
ral speeches and other pamphlets by 
him were also printed. He was a con- 
tributor to the Register when Mr. 
Drake edited it. 
Smith, Baxter Perrv, died in Washington, 
D. C, Feb. 6, 1884, aged 54. He was 
a son of Moses and Mehitabel (Ward) 
Smith, and was born in Lvrae, N. H., 
Aug. 29, 1829. He graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1854 ; and was agent 
of the American Tract Society in New 
York from 1854 to 1856. and in Boston 
from 1856 to 1861. He served in the 
9th N. H. regiment from Aug. 15, 1862, 
to June 5, 1863. He studied divinity, 
but owing to a disease affecting his 
voice did not enter the ministry. For 
some years past he has resided at 
Brookline. Mass. He was the author 
of The History of Dartmouth College, 
published in 1878, Boston, 8vo. pp. 474 
(Register, xxxiii. 120). 
Whitney, William A., died in Detroit, 
Jan. 23, 1884, aged 63, and was buried 
in Oakwood cemetery, Adrian, Mich , 
on the 25th. He was born in Shelby, 
Orleans Co., N. Y., April 21, 1820. lie 
was one of the earliest pioneers of Ad- 
rian, to which place he removed with 
his parents in 1823. He was city re- 
corder of Adrian 1859 to 1861; register 
of Lenawee Co., 1863 to 1867 ; post- 
master of Adrian, 1869 to 1873. He 
then engaged in the printing business, 
and founded the Adrian Daily and 
Weekly Press, which newspaper is still 
published in that city. In 1867, he 
wrote the early history of Adrian from 
1825 to 1835, and published it in the 
Adrian Times. In conjunction with 
Richard I. Bonner, he was author o 
the History and Biographical Recorf 
of Lenawee County, published in 1879 

Inscription over the Grave of Colonel Chester at 
Nunhead Cemetery, Surrey. 

Beneath this stone 

Are deposited the remains of 

Colonel Joseph Lemuel Chester, 

LL.D. of Columbia College, New York City (1877; ; 

D.C.L. of the University of Oxford (1881) ; 

And for nearly 20 years a resident in the parish 

Of St. James', Bermondsey, in this county. 

Born 30 April, 1821, at Norwich, Connecticut, U.S.A., 

He landed in EnglaDd 6 September, 1858, 

Where he employed the remaining years of his life 

In collecting materials to illustrate 

The Genealogical History 

Of his Native and of his Adopted Country. 

The indefatigable Energy, marvellous Accuracy, 

And patient Ingenuity displayed in his writings, 

Are established to posterity in the work entitled 

" The "Westminster Abbey Registers," 
Of which he was the sole Editor and Annotator, 
A Monument of literary lore Unrivalled in its kind ; 
In grateful appreciation whereof, 
A tablet to his memory has been erected 
By the Dean and Chapter of Westminster in that Abbey. 
These great and rare qualities were not more admirable 
Than the Generous and disinterested Sympathy 
Which made him always willing to give 
Gratuitous Assistance to his Fellow Workers 
On both sides of the Atlantic 
(Mauy of whom he had never seen) ; 
An Assistance which will long be missed, 
And long had in thankful remembrance. 
Beloved by all who knew him, 
And deeply regretted by many more, 
He departed this life 
(In which he had played so active a part) 
On 26 May, 1882, 
In the 62nd year of his age. 

"Rest, happy Dead, 
Sleep all thy Weariness away, 
Thou shalt be waked, on God's great day, 
From thy cold bed." 








Historical and Genealogical 



N° CLI. 

VOL. XXXVIII. — JULY, 1884. 





35 Bedfou.o Street. 








•I • 




JULY, 1884. 



By the Rev. Henry A. IIazex, A.M., of Auburn dale. 

ORUS CLARKE was the eldest of the eight children of Jona- 
than Clarke, Jr., of Westhampton, Mass., where he was born 
Jan. 2, 1797. His mother was Jemima, daughter of Capt. Azariah 
Lyman, of the same town. His father was of the fifth generation 
from William Clarke, who was at Dorchester in 1637, and whose 
son John Clark was a deacon of the church in Northampton, where 
he died in 1704. Westhampton was incorporated in 1778, from a 
part of Northampton ; and this beautiful locality had thus been the 
home of the Clark family for, at least, one hundred and fifty years. 

The grandmothers of Dr. Clarke were Sarah Strong and Jemima 
Kinsley, and other direct maternal ancestors represented the names 
of Allen, Edwards, Parsons and Sheldon, giving him the right to a 
pardonable pride, which he certainly felt, in his Puritan lineage. He 
mirrored his own feelings in a quotation which he once made from 
Macaulay : "Any people, who are indifferent to the noble achievements 
of remote ancestors, are not likely to achieve anything worthy to be 
remembered by their descendants ; " and the steadiness with which 
he stood for the old paths was a legitimate result of the long lines 
of influence which had come down to him. 

Dr. Clarke published in 1878 an interesting and widely circulated 
address on "Saying the Catechism," which contains glimpses of his 
early home and life that may fitly be re-produced here : 

** The town of Northampton, as it was originally laid out, embraced the 
present towns of Northampton, Easthampton, Southampton, and West- 
hampton. Westhampton is the most picturesque of these four municipalities. 
It was incorporated in the year 1778. In its palmiest days it numbered 
only about nine hundred souls, and now contains ouly about six hundred. 
It lies partly in the valley of the Connecticut River, and partly upon the 
hills which form the eastern slope of the Green Mountain range, which 
extends from Canada to Long Island Sound. My eyes first saw the light 
of day upon the Alpine heights, one mile west of the centre ; and, in the 
vast and beautiful valley below, lay Northampton, Easthampton, Amherst, 
vol. xxxviii. 23 

254 Rev, Dorus Clarke, [July, 

Hadley, South Hadley, Mount Tom, Mount Holyoke, and the serpentine 
Connecticut, winding its way to the ocean,— all of which were photographed 
indelibly, in variegated mosaics, upon my youthful imagination. Often was 
my taste regaled with the grandeur of that splendid panorama of hill and 
dale, of mountain and valley, of churches and hamlets. Some new and 
beautiful features have since been added to that magnificent spectacle, when 
viewed from the loftier eminences, such as the Willistou Seminary, the 
Smith College, the Agricultural College, and Amherst College. Mount 
Washington presents sublimer scenery, but none so beautiful. It was a fine 
place, too, for the display of heaven's pyrotechnics and artillery. Well do 
I recollect how sometimes the firmament gathered blackness, and 'the rain 
descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew,' and the lightnings 
gleamed, and the thunders crashed along the mountains, and the earth rocked 
under the fury of the tempest as it swept sublimely along down into the 
vast valley beneath ; and how the commingled elements raged and rolled 
and surged over Easthampton and Northampton, and sent back their deafen- 
ing roar to my ears ; while the setting sun came out in his brightness to 
look at the scene, lighted up the hills around me with his smiles, painted 
rainbows on the departing storm, and every twig and leaf and flower glit- 
tered with tears of gratitude that the fearful tornado was overpast and gone. 
" The early settlers of that town were a godly generation. Divine Provi- 
dence sifted Northampton, Easthampton, Southampton, and Dedham in 
Massachusetts, and Colchester, Lebanon, and Coventry in Connecticut, to 
find seed good enough wherewith to sow those hills and valleys. The names 
of the pioneers may not be found in the registers of heralds, but I verily 
believe that most of them will be found in the ' Book of Life.' Neither they 
nor their descendants there have been distinguished for wealth. There are 
no wealthy people iu that town, and, what is better, there are no poor people 
there. As Defoe said of the Scotch, — 

They are rich compared to poor, and poor compared to rich. 

But they are and were ' rich towards God.' 

"In ecclesiastical polity, the people were as unitedly Congregationalists, 
as they were unitedly evangelical in doctrine, and they are nearly as much 
so at the present day. No other church exists in the town, and, to present 
appearance, no other church ever will. 

" With the exception of one excellent family which came from Dedham, all 
observed Saturday evening as a part of the Sabbath, and kept it with the 
most conscientious strictness. On the Sabbath, no work was done except 
* works of necessity and mercy,' and no recreations were allowed. Family 
prayer, morning and evening, was universal ; and the children were thor- 
oughly instructed in the great articles of the Christian faith, as it was held by 
their fathers. The first meeting-house was built soon after Mr. Hale's 
ordination ; and though it exhibited many symptoms of decay, and though 
old Boreas often treated himself to the music of the clatter of its doors and 
windows and shingles, it was still standing within my own recollection. It 
was innocent of paint and bell and steeple, as well as of a thin congregation 
on the Sabbath. Rain or shine, snow or hail, lightning or thunder, the 
people were all there, including many of the small children, and even in- 
fants, who sometimes furnished music gratuitously, — solos, duets, and cho- 
ruses. The other exercises of the church were conducted with the greatest 
reverence and decorum." 

1884.] Bev. Bonis Clarke. 255 

A graphic picture follows of " Saying the Catechism " as it was 
practised in "Westhampton. The pastor was Rev. Enoch Hale, 
brother of Nathan Hale, whose name, as the martyr of the Revolu- 
tion, is immortal. Three summer Sabbaths yearly were devoted to 
the catechetical exercise, which was conducted in the church by the 
pastor. All the children in the town were expected to appear. 

"There was 'no discharge in that war.' Public sentiment demanded the 


most implicit obedience by all concerned. The old Primers were looked 
up, new ones bought, and the parents set the children to the work at once 
and in earnest. Every question and every answer must be most thoroughly 
committed to memory, verbatim et literatim et punctuatim. The time tor 
recitation was at the close of the afternoon service. All the children in the 
town, dressed in their ' Sabba-day clothes/ were arranged shoulder to shoulder, 
— the boys on the one side, and the girls on the other of the broad aisle, 
beginning at the 'deacon's seat' beneath the pulpit, and extending down that 
aisle, and round through the side aisles as far as was necessary. The par- 
ents — ' children of a larger growth ' — crowded the pews and galleries, tremb- 
lingly anxious that their little ones might acquit themselves well. Many a 
mother bent over that scene with solemn interest, handkerchief in hand, 
the tears of joy ready to fall if their children should succeed, and tears of 
sorrow if they should happen to fail. It was a spectacle worthy of a painter. 

" Father Hale, standing in the pulpit, put out the questions to the children 
in order; and each one, when the question came to him, was expected to 
wheel out of the line, a la militaire, into the broad aisle, and face the min- 
ister, and make his very best obeisance, and answer the question put to him 
without the slightest mistake. To be told, that is, to be prompted or cor- 
rected by the minister, was not a thing to be permitted by any child, who 
expected thereafter to have any reputation in the town for good scholarship. 
In this manner the three divisions of the Catechism were successive! v re- 
cited, while many were the 'knees which smote one against another ;' and 
many are the persons who recollect, and will long recollect, the palpitating 
heart, the tremulous voice, the quivering frame, with which for several years 
they went through that terrible ordeal. But, if the nervous effects of that 
exercise were appalling, the moral influence was most salutary; and I desire, 
in this presence, to acknowledge my deep obligations to my parents, who 
long since, as I trust, ' passed into the skies,' for their fidelity in requiring me, 
much against my will, to commit to memory the Assembly's Catechism, and 
to ' say ' it six or seven years in succession in the old meeting-house in West- 
hampton, amid tremblings aud agitations I can never cease to rememher. 

"But this was not all. The Catechism formed a part of the curriculum of 
all the common schools in that town for half a century, and was as thor- 
oughly taught and as regularly recited there as Webster's Spelling-Book, or 
Murray's English Grammar. It was as truly a classic as any other book. 
It was taught everywhere, — in the family, in the school, and in the church, — 
indeed, it was the principal intellectual and religious pabulum of the people. 
We had it for breakfast, and we had it for dinner, and we had it for supper. 
The entire town was saturated with its doctrines, and it is almost as much 
so at the present day." 

Moulded by such influences, young Clarke at the age of sixteen 
entered Williams College, which had graduated its first class two years 

256 Rev. Dorus Clarke. [July, 

before his own birth. His class, that of 1817, numbered seven, one of 
whom during the last two years was Emory Washburn, afterwards 
the eminent judge and governor of Massachusetts. In 1815, during 
his course, the Rev. Ebenezer Fitch, D.D., the first president of 
Williams College, resigned, and was succeeded by Rev. Zephaniah 
S. Moore, D.D. The influence of both these eminent men was thus 
brought to bear upon him, and left lasting impressions, as did the 
missionary impulses wmich were specially emphatic in the college at 
that time. His love and loyalty to his alma mater, to the end of his 
life, were especially strong ; and the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Divinity, which she conferred upon him in 1869, was a tribute to a 
son as loyal as any college could ask. 

From college he went at once to Andover Theological Seminary, 
where he was graduated in 1820. Of the twenty-eight graduates and 
nine other members of his class he was the last survivor. His classmates 
and contemporaries at Andover constituted a group of remarkable 
men, of whom an unusually large proportion have since become widely 
and honorably famous. Under Porter, Stuart, and Woods, the il- 
lustrious trio of professors, who then gave so much character to An- 
dover, and with the scarcely less important stimulus afforded by the 
students with whom he was brought in contact, the training which 
Mr. Clarke received bore excellent fruit. To the end of his long life 
he counted his privileges at Andover among the best, and recurred 
to them with unfailing pleasure. He went out from his college and 
seminary course well furnished for his work, trained to scholarly 
habits — a careful thinker, a sound reasoner, wielding the pen of a 
ready writer, and ardent in the spiritual activities to which he was 

When his course of study was finished, and he was ready to under- 
take the work of his chosen calling, he found his way to Blandford, 
in Hampden County, among the hills of western Massachusetts, and 
was there ordained and installed over the Congregational Church, 
Feb. 5, 1823. In the useful and congenial duties of this pastorate 
thirteen years of his early manhood were spent. He brought to them 
diligence and enthusiasm, and was permitted to gather precious fruits. 
Among the children of the town and church who were trained under 
his pastoral influence was Rev. Daniel Butler, who has been con- 
nected with the Bible cause in Massachusetts as agent and secretary 
almost forty years. Of this Blandford ministry Mr. Butler thus 
spoke at his funeral : 

"The town of Blandford was prominent among the hill towns of western 
Massachusetts. It was seven miles square, and contained nearly eighteen 
hundred inhabitants. The larger portion of the people were his parishion- 
ers, and were scattered over the whole town. The hills were steep, the 
roads rough, and the winter storms rendered the travelling: difficult and some- 
times impossible. He had, however, youth on his side, perfect health, and 
a united parish, and heartily addressed himself to the discharge of his as- 




1884.1 Rev. Dorus Clarke. 257 

sumed duties. The history of the church during this period attests the use- 
fulness of his labors, and aged believers will speak tenderly to-day of the 
beloved pastor who in their youthful days led them to the cross. There 
were many things that rendered his position desirable, and, agreeably as his 
later years were spent, it may be questioned if he was ever happier than in 
those early years when, from a home made radiant by the presence of wife 
and children, he went forth to his appointed work." 

The church in Blandford prospered under this stimulating ministry. 
Extensive revivals were enjoyed in 1825 and in 1831, and large 
harvests rewarded the young pastors labors. 

After thirteen years in this charge, he was dismissed Feb. 17, 
1835, and accepted a call he had received from the church at Chicopee 
Falls, which was then a parish in Springfield. He was installed 
there March 4, 1835, and remained until Nov. 4, 1840. Here, in a 
growing manufacturing village, he labored with ardor and with much 
success. The church, which was small in numbers at the beginning 
of his ministry, received nearly 150 members during the five years 
of his pastorate, and the fruits of his work have endured. The vol- 
ume of Lectures to Young People , which was published in 1836, and 
had a wide circulation through several editions, represents well the 
direction and spirit of his labors in this pastorate. 

Eighteen very active years in the ministry brought Mr. Clarke, 
in 1840, to a point where his health demanded a change, and resign- 
ing his charge at Chicopee he came to Boston, where and in its vici- 
nity the latter half of his life was spent. The transition to an editor's 
chair brought him to a place for which he had many qualifications. 
He wielded a ready pen ; he had a lively interest in passing events 
and an eye for their deeper significance : and his discussions were forci- 
ble, pointed and practical. 

In 1839 Rev. Dr. Parsons Cooke had established The Puritan 
at Lynn. It was designed to be a family religious paper, strongly 
Calvinistic in its type of theology. It was removed to Boston 
in 1840, and the Rev. Dr. AVoodbridge became connected w T ith 
it as a proprietor and editor. With the spirit and aims of this paper 
Mr. Clarke had a warm sympathy from the first, and the result 
came naturally when, in July, 1842, he entered its management 
as both editor and proprietor. In the congenial labors of this 
position he spent three years, becoming for a short time sole pro- 
prietor of the paper, and using the opportunity thus afforded for the 
dissemination of the doctrinal views to which from his childhood he 
had been strongly attached. It was a period of theological ferment, 
and the debates between Old School and New School waxed warm. 
Andover was arrayed against Princeton, and New Haven against 
Hartford, and, in the thick of the conflict, The Puritan sought to be 
heard, and was heard. Dr. Clarke's nature possessed a comba- 
tive side. He was well furnished by training and temperament, to 
"contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints," and 
vol. xxxvin. 23* 

258 Rev. Dorus Clarke. [July, 

did not shun any encounter to which he believed that loyalty to the 
truth summoned him. In this respect he was of kindred mould with 
his associates of The Puritan ; and they did not fail to exert a decided 
influence on the current of events. 

Dr. Clarke disposed of his interest and retired from the editor- 
ship of The Puritan in May, 1845, and, during 1846, was an 
editor of the Mother s Magazine. In 1847, he became an editor and 
proprietor of the Christian Alliance and Family Visitor, and, 
subsequently, of the Christian Times. He was also for some time 
the Boston associate editor of the Christian Parlor Magazine, and 
of Merry's Museum, which were published in New York. These 
various editorial labors furnished him with useful employment, and 
gave him a wide influence. He engaged in them with characteristic 
enthusiasm. When he put his hand to any w r ork he gave it his 
heart; and his editorial work was incisive, instructive and salutary. 

In 1847 he removed from Boston to Newton, and in 1849 
made his home in Waltham, where he remained for twenty years, 
a longer residence than he ever had elsewhere. In 1869 he returned 
to Boston, where he found a most convenient and pleasant home at 
13 Walnut Street, and where he remained until the end. Here, in 
the vicinity and companionship of his children, and in the loving and 
pious care for his wife, who in her later years was quite an invalid, 
this closing period of his life was spent in a ripe and honorable age. 
He was a member, and active in the councils, of the Massachusetts 
Total Abstinence Society. In 1862 he became a member of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, which he served as its His- 
toriographer and as one of its Directors, giving to it much time and 
labor ; so much, that it is only a fit recognition of his usefulness that 
a fine portrait of him graces its walls. In these relations, and in 
association with his brethren in the ministry, in whose councils he 
always bore his part, his hands and his active mind found no time 
for idleness. He was "diligent in business, fervent in spirit, serving 
the Lord." 

Mr. Clarke married, May 20, 1824, Hannah Alvard Bliss, daugh- 
ter of Gad and Deborah (Olcott) Bliss, of Longmeadow, where she 
was born Dec. 21, 1801. Few men owe more to a good wife than 
did Dr. Clarke to the excellent woman who for fifty-four years filled 
his home with the constant light of her loving presence, care and 
grace. Those who knew her use warm words in her praise, de- 
scribing the serenity, the tact, and the fidelity with which, as wife 
and mother, she moved through the round of her household ways. 
She was spared to a felicitous celebration of their golden wedding in 
1874, and, for four years longer, illustrated the beauty and blessed- 
ness of her Christian faith, in much bodily infirmity and suffering. 
Her death occurred May 9, 1878, at the age of 76 years. 

Their children were ; 

1884.] Rev. Dorus Clarke. 259 

1. Susan Cornelia, born March 3, 1825, who married Sept. 13, 1847, 

Samuel Dennis Warren, an extensive paper manufacturer and 
merchant, whose home is on Mt. Vernon Street, Boston. 

2. Henry Martyn, born Nov. 19, 1826, who married Oct. 15, 1857, 

Jane S. Hurlbut, of Lee, and lives in Boston. 

3. William Bliss, born June 21, 1829, who entered the practice of 

law, and died in St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 28, 1864; a young man of 
much ability and promise. 

4. Ellen Sarah Sophia, born July 21, 1833, who married Oct. 15, 

1874, George Warren Hammond, and lives in Boston. 

5. Mary Lyman, born Dec. 10, 1839. 

In 1876 Dr. Clarke printed for private circulation a record of his 
Ancestry and Writings, in 25 pages, octavo. It is due to him 
that his own account of his literary life should be given here. 

"In October, 1827, he published, by request, a Discourse upon the 'True 
Foundation of Christian Hope,' delivered at the ordination of his brother, 
the Rev. Tertius S. Clarke, as pastor of the Congregational Church in South 
Deerfield, Mass. In 1836 he published a volume of eight 'Lectures to 
Young People,' of which two editions were printed, one in Boston and one 
in New York. In 1838 he published four 'Letters to the Hon. Horace 
Mann, Secretary of the Board of Education,' then recently formed, upon 
the proper functions of that Board. The letters were published over the 
signature, ' Clericus Hampdenensis.' In 1839 he published a ' Sermon upon 
the death of William L. Wyman, of Brookline, Vt.,' who was drowned in the 
Chicopee River. In 1811 he removed to Boston, and became joint editor 
and proprietor of 'The New England Puritan.' and afterward was a proprie- 
tor and editor of 'The Christian Alliance and Familv Visiter,' of 'The 
Christian Times ;' and. at a later period still, was the Boston editor of ' The 
Christian Parlor Magazine ' and ' Merry's Museum,' published in New York. 
His contributions to these publications were numerous. In 1864 he pub- 
lished an octavo volume of 235 pages, entitled ' Fugitives from the Escritoire 
of a Retired Elditor,' consisting of articles, some of which had never been 
published, and others which had already appeared in reviews or in pamph- 
let form. In 1866, as chairman of a committee appointed for the purpose, 
he compiled and edited a small volume of 85 pages, entitled 'A Memorial 
of the Re-union of the Natives of Westhampton, Mass.' In 18G9 his 'One- 
ness of the Christian Church,' a volume of 105 pages, made its appearance, 
and it has passed through two editions. In 1871 his work entitled 'Ortho- 
dox Congregationalism and the Sects,' a volume of 170 pages, was published. 
In 1872 he published in the Vermont Chronicle, in six articles, a 'Review 
of the Oberlin Council,' over the signature 'A New England Congregation- 
alism' In 1874 he published a volume on 'The Revision of the English 
Version of the Bible.' It was adopted and issued by the American Tract 
Society, Boston. In 1875 'The Life and Writings of F. P. G. Guizot' — 
an article which he had read before ' The New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society,' in the course of his official duty as the Historiographer of 
that Institution — was given to the public. In the course of a service of seven 
years in that capacity he prepared and read 127 Memoirs of the deceased 
members of that Society, the greater part of which have been published in 
'The New England Historical and Genealogical Register.' In 1875 he 
also wrote a ' Memoir of the Rev. James Browning Miles, D.D., Corres- 



260 Rev. Dorus Clarice. [July, 

ponding Secretary of the American Peace Society,' which was published in 
'The Advocate of Peace,' in December of that year. In 1876 he published 
in the Boston Transcript, over the signature of ' Justice,' a Review of the 
* Advisory Council ' then recently held in Brooklyn, N. Y." 

So far is the record made by Dr. Clarke, in 1876, of his own writings. 
It remains to add the following : — In 1877 he read before the minis- 
ter's meeting, and afterwards published, an essay on the question 
w What is the true Idea of the Tri-nnity of God?," 18 pps. 8vo. 
In December, 1878, he read before the New England Historic Gen- 
ealogical Society an article on Saying the Catechism, which was pub- 
lished in the Congregationalist , and in two pamphlet editions, 
and had a very wide circulation. Extracts given above show its 
character and vigor. In 1879 he gave, in his native town, an ad- 
dress commemorating the one hundredth anniversary of the church in 
Westhampton, which was published as One Hundred Years of a 
New England Church. In 1881 the Total Abstinence Society 
published, from his pen, an Open Letter to the Rev. Dr. Crosby. 
In 1883 he read a paper before the Suffolk North Association on The 
Alleged Progress in Theology, which was his last publication. 

The later years of Dr. Clarke's life gave pleasant illustration of 
the vigor and elasticity of his physical and spiritual manhood. He 
was hearty in body and mind, active in his accustomed duties, 
cheerful and hopeful. He attended the annual meeting of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, which occurred on his birth- 
day, Jan. 2, 1884, and his presence was gracefully recognized by 
the president, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. 

On Feb. 25th he wrote a letter to the Rev. William C. Scofield, 
pastor of the church in Westhampton, which was perhaps the last he 
ever wrote. From this we give an extract, which lifts the veil and 
gives us a glimpse of the experience through which he was drawing 
near to the end. He 6avs : " For five weeks I have been in the hands 
of the physicians. My difficulties are those which are incident to old 

age All talk encouragingly, but I think it a matter of doubt 

whether I am able to go from home much more. My earthly work 
is done. Oh that it had been done better ! My hope in Christ is 
unshaken, and sometimes I should be glad to depart. I shall much 
regret not to visit Westhampton again, and your new church ; but 
there is a much more splendid place of worship — up there ! " To 
that he was rapidly hastening, and nearer, perhaps, than he thought. 
He passed away on the 8th of March, aged 87 years, 2 months and 
6 days. 

The funeral services were held, March 11th, in Mt Vernon Church, 
conducted by the pastor, Rev. Samuel E. Herrick, D.D. The at- 
tendance was large, including many ministerial friends of Dr. Clarke, 
and many of his associates in the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society. Memorial addresses were made by Rev. Daniel Butler, 
of the Massachusetts Bible Society, and by Rev. Cushing Eells, 

1884.] Boohs on i\T. U. in English Plantation Office. 261 

D.D., of Washington Territory, both of whom were natives of Bland- 
ford, and could speak from personal experience of Dr. Clarke's early 
pastorate in that town. These addresses, with an appropriate sermon 
preached by Dr. Herrick on a subsequent Sabbath, have been 

We are permitted to add a note from Rev. E. E. Strong, D.D., 
editor of the Missionary Herald, who was for several years Dr. 
Clarke's pastor during his residence in Waltham. 

" Rev. H. A. Hazen, Boston. 

My Dear Sir: — You asked me for a brief note in reference to Rev. 
Dr. Dorus Clarke, who was for some years, while a resident in Waltham, a 
member of the church of which I had the honor to be pastor. During these 
six years I had the privilege of often meeting Dr. Clarke, both in his home 
and in the various walks of life. It was pleasant to watch one, who, though 
he had retired from active life, after a common phrase, had retained all his 
powers of body and mind and used them most actively. He was always at 
work, and never more pleased than when engaged in the discussion of some 
literary or theological subject. His acute mind loved to follow out some 
new line of argument, especially if it led to some old conclusion. For one 
who held so strenuously to the theories of the past he was remarkably toler- 
ant of the methods of the present generation. Conservative by nature and 
conviction, he yet could favor changes where he saw that improvement could 
be made, as is shown in his published essay in advocacy of a revision of the 
English Bible. 

" After Dr. Clarke removed to Boston I had occasion to see little of him, 
but enough to know that he maintained a lively interest in the antiquarian, 
literary, and theological questions, which had such an attraction to his mind. 
It was pleasant to see how the years mellowed his thought and character, 
and with what firmness and vigor he clung to the faith and hope which he 
so often commended to others. I think of him as one of the Puritan fathers 
left long on earth, that this generation might know what those fathers were. 

I am very truly yours, 
"Boston, May 31, 1884. E. E. Strong." 


Communicated by O. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 

AS the Council for Trade and Plantations were so intimately asso- 
ciated, for so many years, with the direction of affairs in New 
England, it is interesting to know what authorities they consulted on 
the colony during their deliberations. The following list of works 
on New England was drawn up between the years 1676 and 1680. 

262 Braintree Records. [July, 

" A List of all Books (in the Plantation office) treating of New England." 

Printed in y' yeare 

1671. Ogilby in his America. 

1625. Purchas his pilgrims y e 4 th part. 

1659. Ferdinando Gorges Esq T . 

1641. Abstract of y e Laws of New England. 

1643. New England's first Fruits. 

1622. Relation of Plimouth in new England. 

1622. New Englands Trials by Cap* Jn° Smith. 

1644. A short Discovery of America by W m Castel. 
1676. The Wafrs of New Eng d by Increase Mather. 
1616. Description of New Eng"l d by Cap* Jn° Smith. 

1674. Dutch patent to a West India Company. 

1624. General History of New Eng d by Ca/jn Smith. 

1676. New England Crisis. 

1637. New England's Canaan by Tho 8 Morton. 

1672. Description of New Engl d by Sir Th° Lynch. 

1675. 2 voyages to New Eng d by John Josselyn. 
1672. New Engl d s Rarities by John Josselyn. 
1672. Laws of New England. 

1638. Cap* John Underbills news from America. 

1642. Tho Lechford's news from New Engl d . 
1628. Voyages into N. Engl d by Ch r Levet. 
1652. Ill news from N Eugl d by John Clark. 
1630. New England Plantac&n by a Divine. 

1643. Simplicity's Vindication against the Seaven headed church Gov- 

New England's prospects by W m "Wood. 


Communicated by Samuel A. Bates, Esq., Town Clerk of Braintree, Mass. 

[Continued from vol. xxxvii. p. 348.] 

Ruth the daughter of Samuell Irons & Sarah his wife was borne the 16 th 
Novemb r 1678. 

Mehetabell the daughter of Thomas Bass & Sarah his wife was borne 18 th 
Septemb r 1678. 

Abigaill the daughter of Samuell Savell & Hannah his wife wa3 borne 
y e 14^ of february 1678. 

Abkraill the daughter of Samuell Neale & Abiiraill his wife borne the 17 th 
of february 1678. 

John the son of Alexander Marsh & Mary his wife was borne y e 17 th 
february 1678. 

Moses the son of Theophilus Curtis & Hannah his wife was borne No- 
vemb r 25. 1678. 

Joseph Permenter the son of Joseph Permenter & Mary his wife was 
borne the 23 of Aprill 1679. 

Joanna daughter of Nathaniell Wales & Joanna his wife was borne the 
18 th Aprill 1679. 


1884.] Br aintree Records. 263 

Elizabeth y e daughter of Moses Belshar & Mary his wife was borne 
Aprils* 1679. 

Margarett the daughter of Jn° Lambe & Mary his wife was borne the 
26 th of february 1678. 

Silence daughter of Samuell Belshar & Mary his wife borne the 24 th 
June 1679. 

Caleb the son of Eleazer Ezgate & Joice his wife was borne 1679. 

Abinezer the son of Abinezer Heiden and Hannah his wife borne the 13 th 
Aprill 1679. 

Deborah the daughter of Samuell Basse & Rebeckah his wife borne Oc- 
tob r 5 th 1679. 

Jn° the son of Jn° Savell & Mehetabell his wife was borne the 28 th Oc- 
tob r 1679. 

Ellin the daughter of M r Beniamin Thompson & Susanna his wife borne 
28 th Novemb r 1679. 

the daughter of Jn° Hardine & Hannah his wife was borne the 

3 d of December 1679. 

Sarah the daughter of Jonathan Heiward & Sarah his wife borne the 
12 th Decemb r 1679. 

Margarett daughter of Valentine Decrow & Martha his wife borne the 
lO^ofJany* 1679. 

Abigaill daughter of Jn° Heiford & Abigaill his wife borne the 26 th of 
Janu y 1679. 

Elizabeth daughter of M r Moses ffiske & Sarah his wife borne the 7 th of 
feb* 1679. 80. 

Sarah the daughter of Nathaniell Wales & Joanna his wife borne the 
11 th of March 1680, 81. 

Nehemiah the son of Nehemiah Heiden & Hannah his wife was borne 
May 16 th 1680. 

Moses the son of Joseph Peniman & Waitinge his wife borne february 
the 14 th 1677. 

Deborah the daughter of Joseph Peniman & Waitinge his wife borne 
february 27 th 1679. 

Beniamin the son of Joseph Allen & Ruth his wife borne the 31 th of Oc- 
tob r 1679. 

Mary the daughter of Joseph Permenter & Mary his wife was borne 
May the 27 th 1680. 

Joanna the daughter of Henry Neale & Hannah his wife borne 27 th of 
May 1680. 

Sarah y e daughter of Samuell Tompson & Sarah his wife borne y e first 
of Janu* 1679. 

Rebekah the daughter of Richard Thayer & Rebekah his wife borne the 
16 th of August 1680. 

Joseph the son of Joseph Clerk & Damaris his wife was borne the 10 th 
of Octob r 1680. 

Peter the son of Peter Scott & Abigaill his wife was borne the 20 th of 
September 1680. 

Sarah the daughter of James Brackett & Sarah his wife borne the 22 th 
October 1680. 

Hannah y e daughter of Edward Linsford & Hannah his wife was borne 
Janu y y e 9 th 1680. 

David son of Josiah Chapin & Lidia his wife born Novemb r 9 th 1680. 





264 Braintree Records. [July, 


Thomas son of Thomas Thaye & Abigaill his wife borne Janu 7 14 th 


Will m the son of Will m Savell & Deborah his wife borne feb 7 19 th 1680. 

Increase the son of Increase Nile & Mary his wife borne March 9 th 

Solomon the son of Sollomon Curtis & prudence his wife borne March 
20 th 1680-81. 

Hannah the daughter of Nehemiah Heiden & Hannah his wife borne 
July 16 th 1681. 

Bathia daughter of Samuell Savell & Hannah his wife borne Octob r 17 th 

Jn° son of Solomon Veazy & Elizabeth his wife borne Novemb 1 " 12 th 1681. 

Ruth daughter of Abiuezer Heiden & Hannah his wife borne Novemb' 
19 th 1681. 

Katherine daughter of Moses Belshar & Mary his wife borne Novemb r 
23 d 1681. 

Thomas son of ffrancis Nash & Elizabeth his wife borne ajjust last 1681. 

Sarah daughter of Theophilus Curtis & Hannah his wife borne feb 7 v e 

Samuell son of Samuell Basse & Rebekah his wife borne Decemb' 8 th 

Samuell son of Jonathan Hayward & Sarah his wife was born the 4 th 
of Aprill 1682. 

Thomas son of Thomas Thayr & Abigaill his wife borne Janu 7 14 th 

Samuell son of Samuell borne Novemb r 17 th 1680. 

Sarah the daughter of Beniamin Savell & Rebeckah his borne No- 

vemb' 1680. 

Will m son of Will m Savell & Deborah his wife borne feb 7 9 th 1680. '* 

Hannah daughter of Nehemiah Heiden & Hannah hi3 wife borne July 
18 th 1681. 

Increase son of Increase Nile borne March 9 th 1680-81. 

Solomon the son of Solomon Curtis & Prudence his wife borne March 
20 th 1680-81. 

Mary the daughter of Robert field & Mary his wife borne August 30 th 

Bathia daughter of Samuell Savell & Hannah his wife borne Octob T 17 th 

Edmond son of Edmond Quinsey and his wife borne Octob r 14 th 1681. 

Samuell the son of Samuell Neale & Abigaill his wife borne Septemb' 
5 th 1681. 

Rebeckah daughter of Joseph Allen & Rebeckah his wife borue De- 
cemb r 9 th 1681. 

Lidia daughter Samuell Paine & Mary his wife borne Janu 7 6 th 1681. 

John the sou of John Heiford & Abigaill his wife borne fel/ 23 th 1681. 

John the son of John Webb & Bethia his wife borne March 9 th 1681-2. 

Hannah daughter of Samuell Nile & Mary his wife borne 1682. 

Richard son of W"ill m Horsey & Mary his wife borne May 6 th 1682. 

"Will™ son of Thomas Thayer & Abigaill his wife borne August 15 th 

Mary, daughter of James Brackett & Sarah his wife borne August 30 th 
1682. ' 

[To be continued.] 

1884.] Ancient Iron Works in Taunton. 265 

By J. W. D. Hall, of Taunton, Mass. 

A HISTORY of the early iron enterprises in Massachusetts is not our 
purpose, as the subject has been exhausted in elaborate data and 
dissenting opinions, but rather to present a few interesting facts and in- 
cidents relative to the origin, progress and successful management of the 
ancient Iron Works of Taunton, derived from antiquarian researches and 
reliable records. Traditions, which do not bear the test of investigation, 
have crept into histories and census reports relative to the origin and man- 
agement of these works ; but let them pass. 

It has been generally admitted that the first iron works enterprise in this 
state for the manufacture of bar iron from native ore was commenced on 
the banks of the Saugus River in Lynn, in 1643, by a company under the 
auspices and influence of John Winthrop, Jr., son of Gov. Winthrop, with 
an English capital from London of £1000, and skilled workmen imported 
for the purpose; that another iron enterprise was soon after started in 
" Brantry " by the same company, and that Boston donated 3000 acres of 
common land as an eucouragement " to set up iron works on the Monan- 
ticut River " in that town, where ore had been discovered. It is also 
alleged that an unexpected scarcity of ore and incompetent management in 
their infancy was followed by disaster to these enterprises, and that after 
spending a large amount, about £10,000, the company partially suspended 
operations in Lynn and Braintree, in the latter place in 1653 and in the 
former a few years later. 

Iron ore had been discovered quite abundant in the flats bordering on 
Two Mile River and other localities in Taunton, and the enterprising Pil- 
grim settlers considered the field open for the establishment of a u blooine- 
rie " on that river. It was also learned that Henry and James Leonard, 
skilled iron workers from Wales, who had been employed for several years 
at the works in Lynn and at Braintree by the Winthrop company, might 
be induced to come to Taunton and aid in the practical working of iron. 
Accordingly in October, 1652, preliminary steps were taken to establish 
the first iron works in the Old Colony, in Taunton, and the following was 
the record, Oct. 21, 1652 : 

" It was at a town meeting conferred and agreed upon between the inhabitants 
of Taunton and Henry Leonard of Braintree : 

Imprimis It was agreed and granted by the town to Henry and James Leonard, 
his brother, and Ralph Russell, free consent to come hither and join with certain 
of our inhabitants to set up a Jiloomery Work on the Two Mile River. 

11 It was also agreed and granted by a free vote of the town, that such particular 
inhabitants as shall concur together with the said persons in this design, shall have 
free liberty from the town so to do, to build and set up this work, and that they 
shall have the woods on either side of the Two Mile River, wheresoever it is com- 
mon on that side of the river, to cut for their cord wood to make coals, and also to 
dig and take moine or ore at Two Mile Meadow, or in any of the commons apper- 
taining to the town, where it is not now in propriety."* 

In accordance with the above preliminary action, the leading citizen's of 
Taunton interested in the enterprise, formed a stock company, inviting 

• Baylies's Historical Memoir of the Colony of New Plymouth, Part ii. p. 268. 

2QQ Ancient Iron Works in Taunton, [Jtdy> 

capitalists in other places to join them in carrying the project into effect 
without the aid of English capital — and they succeeded. To obtain the 
shareholders required some length of time ; but the precise date when 
they were obtained has not been fully ascertained, nor is it known when 
the brothers Leonard and Mr. Russell came from Braintree. Probably 
it was soon after the suspension of the iron works there in 1653. 2s or 
is there any record that Henry Leonard or Ralph Russell were employed 
in these works. They had land " set off to them " by the proprietors ■' as 
encouragement," but they did not remain to occupy it. Russell went to 
Dartmouth and soon after was ensued in starting iron works at " Russell's 
Mills." Henry Leonard was at Lynn in 1G55, says Newhall the historian, 
and some years later was engaged with his sons by a wealthy company of 
Salem in an iron works at Rowley Village. He afterwards went to New 
Jersey, and, it is said, successfully engaged with a company in the man- 
ufacture of bar iron. lie has left in that state numerous descendants, 
among whom are men of ability and of prominent standing in business and 
the professions. 

A documentary relic of the early date above referred to, recently found 
among ancient papers in the handwriting of Oliver Purchis, who was town 
clerk at the time, makes the following record preparatory to the organiza- 
tion of the Iron Works Company in 1653—4 : 

" The names of those who hath put in themselves to be proprietors in the Bloom- 
erie, viz: — Qezekiah tloare, Thomas Gilbert, Richard VVilliams. Walter Dean, 
George Hall, Oliver Purchis, James Walker, John Tisdall, Wm. Parker, Mr. Gil- 
bert scnr: Peter Pitts, Richard Stacey, John Cobb, William Hodges, Nath ! l Wood- 
ward, Timothy Ilolloway, James Burt, Edward Bobett, Jonah Austin, sen'r, John 
Parker, Samuel Wilbore, Miss E. Pule, Jane Pole." 

Additional records show the names of William Pole, Timothy Lindall of 
Salem, his son-in-law, Nicholas White, senr., Richard Stephens, John Tur- 
ner, Thomas Lincoln, senr., Anthony Slocum, James Leonard, Thos. Arms- 
bery, Joseph Wilbore, Henry Andrews, John Hall, James Phillips, Fran- 
cis Smith, Geo. Watson, Gov. Leverett and Major Edward Tyng of Boston, 
Nath'l Paine, senr., and Stephen Paine of Rehoboth, John Cary and Nath'l 
Paine, Jr., of Bristol, Benedict Arnold of Newport, Richard Thayer of 
Braintree — contributing from £20 to £5 each, for whole, half and quarter 

The building of a suitable dam across " Two Mile River," where was pre- 
viously a bridge ; preparing the timber for the necessary buildings ; obtain- 
ing from abroad the hammers and heavy iron machinery and tools required 
for operating the "bloomerie" for the manufacture of bar iron, occupied 
a long time before the practical working of the same. 

The following confirmatory record in a ledger* of Capt. Thomas 2 Leon- 
ard, son of James, 1 who was with his father a " bloomer," and became the 
" clearke " and manager in 1C83, indicates the time the works commenced, 
as follows : 

* This ledger was found in the old mansion built in 17-50 by Dca. Elijah 3 Leonard, grand- 
son of Capt. Thomas, 2 who had carefully stored the books transmitted to him by his father 
and grandfather, when he built the house. It was the birthplace of Capt. Edward Leon- 
ard, who resided there seventy years, and of Rev. Elijah Leonard, of Marshheld, who died 
in February, 18*34, after a forty-five years' pastorate, and the father of Rev. Geo. Leonard, 
who died in July, 1881, after a pastorate of thirty years in the same Marshheld church, and 
who inherited the old place in Raynham from his" unele Capt. Edward. It was sold a few 
years a^o to Mr. John Spinney, who in preparing to remodel the old mansion discovered 
the books deposited there one hundred and thirty years before. It was destroyed by tire 
shortly afterwards. 

1884.] Ancient Iron Worhs in Taunton. 267 

'* An accompt of who hath been clarke of Taunton Iron Works ever sence George 
Hall was first Clearke, and some others joyned with him for a time, which begun 
Anno 1656. Also, what product the works hath made from year to year." 

By this record, which has descended through two hundred years, and 
whose authority is undoubted, it is shown that the manufacture of irou 
was commenced " Anno 165G." On a pas;e of this ledjier are two columns 
of figures, indicating the years and the product of the works fifty-eight 
years, from that date, to the death of Capt. Thomas in 1713. The first line 
reads thus: " 1656 — George Hall clearke, John Turner working y e forge." 
Three years no iron was shared. "1659, 400 shared." "1660, a ton of 
iron sould to buy goods, win: were derided." 

At this time an arrangement was made by the shareholders bv which 
the works were leased to George Hall and his associates, Hezekiah Hoar 
and Francis Smith. The lease of this transaction, recently discovered 
among the papers of Capt. Thomas Leonard, thus sets forth in substance 
the agreement: 

" This present writing, dated April the first, anno domini, one thousand six hun- 
dred and sixtie, witnesseth : that whereas the Companie in partnership in the Iron 
works or bloomerie. erected and maintained in working use within the plantation 
of Taunton, in the Colony of New Plymouth, did by themselves and their attor- 
nies, generally consent and agree, that y c said works should be let for a term of 
five years ; to begin after y e stock of coles is now being wrought out — yielding and 
paying to y e whole companie aforesaid, (not one partner at all excluded) yearly 
during said term the full summe of four tunne of iron:"—" that said Gen r <re 
Hall, Hezekiah Hoar and Francis Smith having embraced, accepted, and received 
said tender, and rent of y e works, according to y e said propositions named,* them- 
selves being partners "—and " to whom full libertie was then and there given, that 
they might take into this contract with themselves whom they liked of." They 
accordingly took into partnership : William Pole, Walter Deane, Joseph Wilbore, 
John Deane, Anthony Slocum, Thos. Linkon, senr, Wm. Parker, James Leonard, 
Jonah Austin sen'r. John Parker, Peter Pitts, James Phillips. Henry Withington, 
of Dorchester. " The rest of said company in partnership, do by these presents rat- 
ify, confirm, establish, promise and make good and effectual to the s'd George Hall, 
Hezekiah Hoar, and Francis Smith, the said contract, and do hereby give them full 
power and right to act. or cause to be acted or done in and about said iron works 
in every particular case during y e said terra without interruption, molestation 
or hindrance of y e partners, provided that they trulv and faithfully perform their 
engagements in the premises. . . . And the said partners, Wm. Pole, Walter 
Deane and others, doe likewise covenant, promise and encase themselves, unto said 
George Hall, Hezekiah Hoare and Francis Smith, to carrie out said contract as one 
man, with faithfulness, according to their wisdom and abilities; that they will en- 
deavor to prevent all damages and support each other in all cases, whether in 
charges of payments or troubles of lawsuits and walk together in lo\e and peace in 
the light of God, without superioritie one over another.""' 

" In witness whereof thev herewith to one seal set their several hands the day and 
year above written : 

George Hall, Hezekiah Hoare, Francis Smith, [Seal.] 

Wm. Pule, Henry Withington, Jno. Deane, Wm. Parker, 
Walter Deane, Peter Pitts, Joseph Wilbore, James Phillips, 
John Parker, Anthony Slocum, Thos. Linkon sen., Jonah Austin." 
In presence of 

John Hatheway, Sam'l Linkon. 

Resuming the old ledger records. George Hall held the position of man- 
ager and clarke thirteen years (excepting James Walker held the 'office a 
year) until his death iu October, 1669, anil "John Hall toy 6 end of y c year." 

* Drawn by James Walker, Richard Williams and John Tisdall, of said company. 


268 Ancient Iron Works in Taunton. [July, 

"1670, Henry Andrews clearke." "1671, John Hall, thence to 1675 
when (says the record) the Indian [King Philip's] War began and many 
coals burned in the woods." " 1676 — the works garrisoned — great rates — 
many coals burned." (No iron shared three years.) "1677, Israel Dean 
clearke, y e beginning, John Hall y e end of y e year." Hall continued until 
1683, and was succeeded by Capt. Thomas Leonard, during whose thirty 
years' management occurred most of the transactions and " orders " record- 
ed below in connection with this brief history of the most important enter- 
prise in the early days of the Old Colony. He was an able, self-educated 
man ; he held military commissions from Ensign to Major in the Bristol 
County regiment ; was the leading magistrate ; presiding justice of the 
County Court, 1685 to 1693; clerk of the Taunton North Purchase pro- 
prietors, over twenty years ; filled various town offices ; also performed the 
duties of physician. He died in 1713, at the age of 70, leaving, besides a 
large estate, the Middleboro' and Chartley Iron Works, a large quantity of 
official papers and miscellaneous relics, preserved with remarkable care 
during his eventful life.* 

Dea. Samuel 3 Leonard, in Oct. 1713, succeeded his father Capt. Thomas 
after many years of successful management. Another ancient ledger contains 
an instructive record of the transactions in the business during his charge ; 
many pages are filled with items of the bar iron "circulating medium" and 
barter trades, similar to those appended. On the division of Taunton in 
1731, the iron works locality fell to the new town of Rayuham, and that 
town owned half a share. Dea. Leonard died in 1745, after thirtv-two 
years' service, owning several shares. 

Dea. Samuel Leonard, Jr., was the successor of his father in the manage- 
ment of the iron works. He had, during his four years' management, pur- 
chased a larcje number of whole and fractional shares, securing nearly a 
majority of the stock. He died in 1749, leaving a large incumbrance on 
the works and a declining stock. He left 12 shares, valued in his inventory 
at £660 of the common currency. f 

Dea. Elijah Leonard, who had been at the " Chartley "Works " in Nor- 
ton, succeeded his brother in 1749, as clerk and manager. He soon after- 
wards built, a short distance east of the for^e, the mansion referred to. He 
remained in charge of the business until 1777. During the last twenty 
years the shares had been depreciating in value, owing to the increasing 
price of coal, and the declining production of good ore, in competition with 
the New Jersey ore which contained a much larger percentage of pure iron, 
and was worked by competing establishments. With a depreciating cur- 
rency and other obstacles, the iron business waned, the works hardly met ex- 
penses, the shareholders received trifling or no dividends, and the shares were 
relinquished at great sacrifice. The incumbrance on the works finally result- 
ed in the sale of a large portion of the shares to Dea. George Leonard, 
brother of Dea. Elijah, who in 1770 disposed of them (7| sixteenths) to 

* The salary of Capt. Thomas was £3 the first year, and from 1681 to 1713 it was £11. 
His successor received the same amount. From 1742 to 1745, and thereafter, " ten hundred 
of iron was voted for salary." They also received a percentage on the iron manufactured. 
The works made from 20 to 30 tons annually, which brought irom £400 to £675, averaging 
about $100 a ton of our currency. 

t In 1749 £1 sterling, or "old tenor," was worth £11 of Massachusetts currency. An 
oz. of silver, 6 shillings par value, stood at 66 shillings of that currency. Thus rapidly 
approaching " fiat money," which was consummated by the United States national cur- 
rency in paying otf the soldiers of the revolution thirty years later, which became reduced 
to £1000 for £1 sterling, or about §1 per bushel. 


18S-i-"l Ancient Iron Works in Taunton. 269 

Josiah Dean for £90 — which shows a great reduction from the inventory 
value in 1749. At subsequent sales in 1777, at low figures, of other shares, 
with a portion of the real estate, Mr. Dean became the purchaser. From the 
original shareholders the changes were numerous from year to year, and to 
attempt a record would require much time and space. Many of the sons, 
and descendants of the third generation from the original owners, held 
shares during the hundred years and more of the progress of the old iron 
works, until they passed into the hands of the new owner. The price of them 
varied from £22 to £20 the par value ; thence to £10, and finally, before the 
close, to £5 per share, or any price takers would give. Thus terminated 
the Leonard management, which had been conducted from 16S3 by Capt. 
Thomas and by his sou and grandsons nearly one hundred years, a large 
portion of the time upon the agency system, inaugurated in 16oG, as above 

Having purchased a controlling interest in the " old iron works," Hon. 
Josiah Dean took possession in 1777 ; he converted the bar iron forge, or 
"bloornerie," into a rolling mill and nail works, where also copper bolts 
were rolled and made for ship-building, &c. It was the first copper bolt 
manufactory in this region. After conducting the business about forty 
years he died in 1818.* He was succeeded by his son Major Eliab B. 
Dean, who in 1825 changed the nail works into an anchor for^e, which was 
continued in that heavy line of iron manufacture by him and his son and 
successor, Theodore Deau, about forty years, when the works were suspend- 
ed. About a year ago the old .buildings were demolished, and the privi- 
lege, dam and foundation walls alone remain of the aucient Taunton Iron 
Works of two hundred and twenty-four years — the oldest successful iron 
manufactory in New England. 

The pioneer settlers during a long period of the last and preceding cen- 
tury after the iron works were started, were seriously embarrassed in their 
increasing business transactions by the scarcity of money. They had but a 
small amount of specie, chiefly brought by emigrants who came across the 
ocean here to make their homes. f \ No banks had been established — no " Land 
bank" capital had evoked even " new tenor bills ;'t no Bank of England or 
"old tenor" notes were in circulation, although the pioneers owed allegi- 
ance to " His Majesty Jame* " the despot, and the edicts of his tyrannical 
subservient Sir Edmund Andros were borne until patience ceased to be a 
virtue. Therefore a dernier resort to bar iron, manufactured at the Taun- 
ton Works, as a "circulating medium of exchange," to supply the great 
deficiency. Iron made from the native bog ore of the creeks and swails of 
Two Mile River, and " Scaddiugs moire " became more valuable than gold 
— an important factor in daily traffic. It entered largely into the transac- 
tions of business, as is shown by the subjoined brief letters, orders and re- 
plies, couched in expressions of genuine old-time courtesy, from managers, 
shareholders and patrons of the ancient iron works. These amusing and 
interesting scraps were found between the leaves of Capt. Thomas Leon- 
ard's ledger of two hundred years ago, the pages of which are filled with 
the records of which these scraps were vouchers. 

* Hon. Josiah Dean was a member of Congress in 1807-9, and town officer and magis- 
trate fur many years. 

t During the year 1G52 a mint for coining silver money was established in Boston by the 
colony, and the first pine-tree shillings made from silver imported from the West Indies. 
This made but a small supply of specie. 

X Paper money was first issued in Massachusetts in 1690, but in very small cpuantity for 
the demand. The bank of England was established 1C94. 
vol. xxxvni. 21* 


270 Ancient Iron Works in Taunton. [July, 

The veterans Deacons Richard Williams and Walter Dean, Hezekiah 
Hoar, Shadrach Wilbore the second town clerk, Increase Robinscn, Joseph 
Wilbore, James Walker, John Richmond, Peter Pitts, James Phillips, 
Richard Stephens, John Hall, Peter Walker, and the sons of many suc- 
cessors of ownership of shares in the iron works, appear in the collection, 
also Rev. Geonre Shove and Rev. Samuel Danforth, third and fourth minis- 
ters of Taunton ; John Pole, merchant of Boston, son of Capt. William and 
nephew of Elizabeth ; Benedict Arnold, son of Gov. Arnold of Newport, 
R. I. (who married a Taunton woman, daughter of John Turner) ; Nathan- 
iel Paine and John Saffin of Bristol, Judges of Probate ; and John Gary, Reg- 
ister; Dea. Samuel Topliff, Philip Withington and John Bird, selectmen 
of Dorchester nearly two hundred years ago ; the polite John Baker, son 
of Richard ; Richard Thayer, son of the first settler and Mistress Dorothy 
of " Brantry ;" Peter Noyes of Sudbury, Capt. Thomas Leonard and his 
son Maior George of Chartlev Works, not to be outdone in " loving 
phrase " by his father ; and others. Schools were scarce in those primi- 
tive days, and many wealthy business men made their " mark ;" therefore 
errors in orthography, unique expressions and ancient idioms may be ex- 
cused. The first order is from one of the founders of Taunton and pro- 
moters of the iron works, who draws an order to pay a grocer's bill: 

" Ensigne Thos. Leonard, please to pay to Bar: Tipping nine shillings & three 
pence in iron, as money : from yr friend, Richard Williams. 

Taunton 16: P- 1685-86." 

Deacon Walter Dean's order. 
11 Ensign Thomas Leonard, Please to pay y e bearer hearof one hundred of Iron y* 
is due ou Mr Shoves act. to my wife your friend. 
Taunton y e 16 of y e 1st mo. 1635-6." Your friend, Walter Deane." 

" Thomas Leonard, clarke of the Iron Works of Taunton : 

S r pray pay to Joseph Grossman, on hundred of iron as- money, & this shall be 
your discharg : this y e 13th Janurae, 1683. Hezekiah Hoar. 

Tanton— 84." 

A letter from some friendly parishioner in 1683, addressed to the third minister 
of Taunton, and accompanying order, reads thus : 

44 For the Rev. Mr. George Shove, pas';or of the church of Christ in Taunton: 

11 Ensign Leonard, pray deliver to John Hodges or his order one hundred and 
half of iron on account of y r friend George Shove. 

March 14, 83-4." 

John Gary of Bristol, Register of Probate, responds to a polite request to credit 
a hundred of iron : 

" Loving Jf riend , John Cary, these may inform you that if You please to Credit 
Richard Burt as much as comes to a hundred of Iron, 1 will be Responsible to you, 
& Rest your Lo^' flriend, Thomas Leonard. 

Taunton Dec. 30, 1683-4." 

u lnsign Leonard, be pleased to pay to this bearer, James Tisdall, the asseats of 
the above written bill, by which you will oblige Your friend, John Cary. 

January 2, 1684." 

An order from an early settler to pay the schoolmaster's rate : 

14 Ensine Lenard, I pray you let M r greene have four shillings more in iron, as 
money, and place it to my account. June 20, 1684. James Walker." 

14 Capt. Leonard, pray pay to John Wetherel iron 9s. and 6d. and set it to my 
account. Samuel Wilbore." 

44 Ensigne Leonard, pray deliver to Nath 1 Coddington as much iron as come3 to 
A* 5 d at y c rate of 18s. per C. John Deane. 

Taunton Sept. 4, 1685." 

1884.] Ancient Iron Works in Taunton. 271 

He was son of John Deane, senior, and the first birth among the pioneer settlers 
of Taunton. 

Increase Robinson, one of the early settlers on Dean Street, gives a credit order 
for iron to pay his minister, Rev. Mr. Danforth : 

*' Captain Leonard : Sir, I would intreate you to pay James Tisdale y e sum of 
2-7-6 in iron at 2:2s. per hund. and make me Deptr for it on y e acount of y e Credit 
Mr Danford ijave mie on your book. Your ffr'd Increase Robbinson. 

Tanton y e 23 d March 1688-9." 

Thomas 2 Williams (son of Richard 1 ) sold an ox to one Nathaniel Smith, and 
the following orders ensued for payment : 

" Nathaniel Smith, this is to desier you to pay to my Mother Williams three hun- 
dred & half a qur. of iron which is part of y e price of y e ox which you bought of 
mee. Thomas Williams. 

Taunton y s y e 16 th of Oct. 1693." 

On the opposite side of the above Mr. Smith ordered the iron : 

" Capt. Leonard, I pray be pleased to pay to old mother Williams 3 hundreth 
& half a quarter of Iron. Natuaniel Smith." 

Dorchester, May 15, 1696. 
" WorlTysfull Sir : 

After my service to your Honour, these are only to desire you to Send the 
income of my interest in the works by L* Robinson and these shall be the reccpt for 
the same. And it' I could know when you come to Boston, I should he willing to 
discourse w th you in point of sale (it being at such a distance from me) if your self 
is inclined to buy. I remain y r humble servant, John Baker." 

Deacon Topliff orders iron for the half share due Dorchester : 

" Captin Linard — pray please to deliver to this bearer, Philip Withington, 200 
and half of Iran, the which, by your information, is due to Dorchester: In so do- 
ing you will much oblige us your asured friends : Dated in Dorchester 2 Aug. 
1699. Sauuel Topliff." 

Capt. Leonard delivers 200 and half on the order for 1797-98. 

Taunton April 1, 1700. 
" Capt. Leonard I desire you to give John King credit upon works book for 20 
shillings of iron as money. Your friend to serve John Hall." 

An order from Rev. Samuel Danforth, the fourth minister of Taunton, to pay his 
11 servant mayd " : 

11 To Captain Thomas Leonard, 

S r I would pray you to pay Elizabeth Gilbert (my late servant mayd) the sum 
of thirty shillings in iron at 18 sh. pr Cent: to her or her order — & place it to my 
account *** pr y r friend and servant Sam 11 Danforth." 

Dated Tanton, March 11, 1703-4. 

Here is one of his business orders : Rev. Mr. Danforth wants iron to buy nails. 

11 To Capt. Thomas Leonard in Tanton: 

S r I have got Thomas Willis to go to BrUgewater to fetch me some nails from Mr. 
Mitchell's this night : & pray to let him have 200 of iron to carry with him to pay 
for them : of which. 100 on ace 1 of Edward Richmond ; 5s. worth on acct. of Tho- 
mas Linkon, sjn of John Linkon, by virtue of his note herewith sent you : for the 
remainder I may by y r leave be y r debtor for a while till I have another note from 
some other to ballance against it : & remain yr obliged Sam 1 Danforth." 

26 8™. 1702. 

" Capt. Thomas Leonard: 

S r — Give credit to William Briggs (son of W m Briggs grand-senior) & to Thomas 
Brigss his brother, for the sum of two shillings and four pence in iron at 18 pr Cent. 
& make me Debtor for the same in Y r book : This 2 itdi 4 1 is to pay theyr iron part 
of theyr Rate to the Ware bridge. Pr Sam u Danforth." 

Dated July 15, 1703. 

" to be p d to Increse Robbinson, Constable for the use afores d ." 

Order for iron "for the ministry of Dorchester." 
" Capt. Thomas Leonard of Taunton : — 
Sir : These lines may inform you y* the Selectmen of Dorchester, would desier 

272 Ancient Iron Works hi Taunton, [July* 

you to deliver unto Sargt. Philip Withington all that iron, wh is due from the Iron 
Works to the ministry of Dorchester, and in so doeing this shall be discharg. Dor- 
chester the 26 of March 1705. Samuel Capen, 

for the name and with the consent of the rest of the Selectmen." 

Mr. Withington receipts for the product of the half share, 700 of iron for 1699, 
1700, % 2, and 3. 

The genuine autographs of many of the early settlers are among these 
unique scraps of iron history, and are now in possession of the writer. 

To illustrate the annual divisions of iron to shareholders, the following 
cases are cited from the old ledger records, from 1GS3 to 1713, and later in 
Dea. Samuel's records. 

The oldest original shareholder was Richard Williams, who received in 
1G83 for his one share £3 Gs. ; for 1684-5, £ 4 8s. each year ; for 168G and 
87, £3 6s. each; for 1688, £4 8s.; for 1689-90-91, £2 4s. each year, 
mostly in bar iron, or barter thereof at the stores of Bartholomew Tip- 
ping of Taunton, John Pole of Boston, Benedict Arnold of Newport, and 
other sources, butchers, shoemakers, weavers, &c, discounted at the iron 
works. Mr. "Williams died in 1G93, and his widow continued to receive 
the product share, through her son, who succeeded to his father's business, 
tanning, from 1691 to 1700 each year 2 C. to 4 cwt.; in 1701 2 C. ; 1702, 
£3 2s. ; in 1703, £1 10s.; in 1704, £0 8s. ; 1705, 13s 2d., about the same 
for five years ; in all 500 wt. of bar iron at 20s. per hundred ; discounting 
meeting house, town, school master and county rates, and store pay, by the 
clerk of the iron works, and occasionally a few shillings in money. Dea. 
Williams was annually credited " £2 10s. for a hide for the bellows." 

The town of Taunton held half a share, and to illustrate the amount 
others received, owning half shares, — in 1G83 £1 13s. was shared, or, " 1 
C. 2 qrs. in iron, on Deacon Walter Dean's order for the school master, 
Mr. Green;" for 1684, "£2 4s. in iron, delivered on Dea. Dean's order 
for same rate;" for 1685, £2 4s.; 168G, u £l 13s. paid by Dea. Dean for 
ammunition;" for 1G87, £1 13s.; 1688, £2 4s. in iron; 1689, £1 7s. Gd. ; 
and 1690, £1 2s. to Dea. Deau's order to pay the meeting house rate of 
£2 15s. From that during the ten years to 1700. the average was £1 2s.; 
partially in money ordered by Dea. Dean for school and other rates, or in 
iron bartered. The amount of iron and money shared differed from the 
above in some cases, but iron was as much in demand as money, and as 
available in Boston and Dorchester as in Taunton. 

The following illustrations from the ledger pages show the manner of 
conveyance of iron to shareholders in Boston, Dorchester and elsewhere. 
"June, 1G85, delivered t